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Heroes of the space age : incredible stories of the famous and forgotten men and women who took humanity to the stars / Rod Pyle

Author:
Pyle, Rod  Search this
Subject:
Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich 1934-1968  Search this
Glenn, John 1921-2016  Search this
Nikolaeva-Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna 1937-  Search this
Kranz, Gene  Search this
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield 1936-  Search this
Armstrong, Neil 1930-2012  Search this
Aldrin, Buzz  Search this
Conrad, Pete 1930-1999  Search this
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration Officials and employees  Search this
Physical description:
299 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Date:
2019
Topic:
Astronauts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1106154

Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]

Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Names:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Extent:
1.22 Cubic Feet (2 legal document boxes; 1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1965-1986
bulk 1965-1972
Summary:
The Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton] consists of reports, memoranda, and related material documenting the Apollo flight guidance software developed by Margaret Hamilton's team at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The collection also includes Hamilton's 1986 handwritten notes on selected documents.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of reports, memoranda, and related material documenting the Apollo flight guidance software developed by Margaret Hamilton's team at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Documents include a printout from an Apollo guidance computer software simulation; software program change routing slips; reports from Apollo Guidance, Navigation, and Control (formerly Apollo Guidance and Navigation); a preliminary flight plan for Apollo 7; memoranda for the submission of MIT/IL Software Development Plan, critiquing each new official version of the flight system; guidance system documents using assorted programs, including Sundisk, Skylark, and Luminary; and an oversized Charles Start Draper Laboratory brochure. When she donated the collection in 1986, Hamilton composed handwritten notes on the history of selected documents, which are included with each document and identified in the finding aid as "[Note from Margaret Hamilton]."
Arrangement:
The materials are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Margaret H. Hamilton (b. 1936) was the Director of Software Engineering Division at Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was responsible for the onboard flight software for NASA's Apollo and Skylab missions. She became known as the "Rope Mother," an apt description for her role and referred to the unusual way that computer programs were stored on the Apollo guidance computers.

Hamilton received a BA in Mathematics from Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, and postponed her Ph.D. work when she was offered the opportunity to work on the Apollo project. She has published over 130 papers and reports on her areas of expertise in system design and software development. In 1986, she became the founder and CEO of Hamilton Technologies, Inc. in Cambridge, Massachusetts. On November 22, 2016, President Barack Obama awarded Hamilton the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her contribution that led to Apollo 11's successful landing.
Provenance:
Donated by Margaret Hamilton, gift, 1986-1987.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Project Apollo (U.S.)  Search this
Space vehicles -- Guidance systems  Search this
Charles Stark Draper Laboratory  Search this
Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0158
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0158
Additional Online Media:

Sokkappa, Balraj G. "On Optimal Steering to Achieve 'Required Velocity.'" Report R-491

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 1965
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref1

Battin, Richard H. and Gerald M. Levine. "Application of Kalman Filtering Techniques to the Apollo Program." Report E-2401

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref10

Schmidt, George T. and Larry D. Brock. "General Questions on Kalman Filtering in Navigation Systems." Report E-2406.

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref11

Memo, To: FS55/Head, Apollo Guidance Program Section, From: FS55/Head, Program Support Group, Subject: Apollo Mission G Post-flight Summary - AGC support (console 37, Flight Dynamics SSR)

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
September 19, 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref12

MIT/Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Stubbs, G., A. Penchuk, and R. Schlundt. "A Digital Autopilot for Thrust Vector Control of Apollo CSM and CSM/LM Vehicles." Report R-670

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref13

Apollo Guidance Program Symbolic Listing Information for Block 2, Revision 2

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6-8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 20, 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref14

MIT/Draper Laboratory Program Change Routing Slips [Note from Margaret Hamilton]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
February to July 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref15

AC Electronics, Apollo 13 Guidance and Navigation Summary

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref16

[Note from Margaret Hamilton, placed in AC Electronics, Apollo 13 book]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref17

Delco Electronics. Apollo Command Module. Primary Guidance, Navigation and Control System. Student Study Guide. CM Digital Autopilot.

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
June 2, 1969; revised April 15, 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref18

[Note from Margaret Hamilton, placed in Delco Electronics. Apollo Command Module. Primary Guidance, Navigation and Control System. Student Study Guide.]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref19

Hamilton, Margaret. Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Software Shuttle Memo #29. Management of APOLLO Programming and its Application to the Shuttle. [Note from Margaret Hamilton]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 20, 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref20

"Guidance System Operations Plan Manned CM Earth Orbital Missions Using Program Skylark 1. Section 2: Data Links." Report R-693 [Pre-Release Copy]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
December 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref21

The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory [promotional material]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Item 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref22

Hamilton, Margaret. Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Shuttle Management Note #14. First Draft of a Report on the Analysis of Apollo System Problems During Flight.

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 23, 1972
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref23

"Guidance System Operations Plan for Manned CM Earth Orbital Mission Using Program Sundisk. Section 6: Control Data." Report R-547 Rev. 1 [Note from Margaret Hamilton]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
December 1967
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref3

"Guidance System Operations Plan for Manned CM Earth Orbital Mission Using Program Sundisk. Section 5: Guidance Equations" Report R-547 Rev. 2

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 1968
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref4

"Guidance System Operations Plan for Manned LM Earth Orbital and Lunar Missions Using Program Luminary. Section 4: PGNCS Operational Modes." Report R-567 [Note from Margaret Hamilton]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4-6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 1968
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref5

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