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American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection

Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Names:
Bush, George, 1924-  Search this
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
O'Neill, Tip  Search this
Extent:
45 Cubic feet (122 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1860s-1980s
bulk 1955-1990
Summary:
Collection includes historic photographs, slides and films on subjects relating to all aspects of the petroleum industry, including exploration, drilling, refineries, tankers, pipelines, automobiles, trucks, aviation, refueling, buildings, coal, gasification, plants, mining, surface mining, fields, land reclamation, coastal zone management, corporate public service, educational programs, crude oil, deepwater ports, and watercraft It also documents numerous products other than gasoline produced by the petroleum industry, such as propane, lubricants, heating oil, and plastics.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains, color and black-and-white photographs, contact sheets, slides, color transparencies, negatives, transcripts, audio tape cassettes, and films documenting the American Petroleum Institute (API) and all its activities. The material in the collection was assembled by API public relations staff from oil industry sources over several years and was used in public relations and educational materials.

The photographs and slides are both original and copy prints are organized according to the organizational structure that API used. The photographs and slides document all aspects of the production of oil, from exploration to drilling, from cracking to refineries, from pipelines to tankers, and from storage tanks to service stations. They also document the numerous products other than gasoline produced by the petroleum industry including: kerosene, liquid propane gas, lubricants, heating oil, and plastics. Additionally, they document the industry's efforts at self-promotion, its stand on environmental issues and energy conservation, its efforts to promote safety in its plants, and its perceived competition from other energy sources, such as gasohol, geothermal energy, solar energy, and nuclear energy. Overall, these images portray the petroleum industry as it saw itself.

The collection also includes general images of petroleum workers, landscape and wildlife scenes, urban settings, vernacular architecture (service stations), railroads, road development, and the industry's crucial role during World War II.

Series 1, Historical Photographs, 1860s-1950s

This series is divided into forty subseries and contains primarily black-and-white photographs, but there are some negatives. Many of the photographs contain captions. The content includes: advertising, lighting and heating, kerosene lamps, lubricants, medicine, aircraft, artwork, equipment, political cartoons, automobiles, terminals, disasters, charts, drilling, portable rigs, rotary rigs, exploration land rush, lighting and stoves, memorials, mining, natural gas, oil company offices, oil fields, pipelines, products, railroads, tank cars, refineries, safety, service stations, teamsters, war, watercraft, and wells.

Series 2, Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s

The series contains black-and-white and color photographs, negatives and transparencies. The photographs are arranged into topical areas such as diagrams and maps, environment, electricity, exploration, natural gas, pipelines, storage, and wells. The following subjects are represented: artwork, automobiles, trucks, aviation, refueling, buildings, coal, gasification, plants, and mining, surface mining, fields, land reclamation, coastal zone management, corporate public service, educational programs, crude oil, and deepwater ports.

Series 3, Miscellaneous Photographs, 1900s-1970s

The photographs consist of black-and-white copy prints, color transparencies, negatives, and slides for a variety of subjects: pipelines, platforms, service stations, and wells. The names of major oil and petroleum companies, such as Shell, Standard Oil, Sun Oil, and Savory Oil, are represented.

Series 4, Slides, 1970s-1980s

The slides are divided into two subseries: slides presentations and slides by subject/topic. The slides presentations were assembled and presented by API staff. In some instances there are slides, transcripts, and audio tape cassettes for the presentations. The presentations have been arranged alphabetically by title. The subject slides are arranged alphabetically by topic/subject and are identified. Only some of the subject-related slides are dated. The miscellaneous slides contain such images as the Space Shuttle Columbia, sunsets, and industrial scenes.

Series 5, Photograph Albums, 1903-1968 (not inclusive)

This series includes two photograph albums: one that focuses on aviation, bulk plants, chemistry, and disasters and the other on an advertising series from 1953. The first album consists of black-and-white copy prints that are subdivided according to subject. Some of the photographs have captions. The album containing the advertising series is comprised of black-and-white copy prints with the corresponding print ad that was used. The print ads vary in size and amount of text. The advertising series addresses a variety of topics.

Series 6, Scripts for Films, 1955-1978

The scripts consist of final transcripts and drafts for various films commissioned by API. In some instances there are accompanying photographs.

Series 7, Publications, 1959-1990

This series includes publications from various petroleum companies such as the Shell News and Petroleum Facts and Figures and accompanying slides from the API library that were featured in articles.

Series 8, Films, 1960s

The films consist of approximately 25 reels of motion picture film. The films are production elements (negatives, track negatives, A and B rolls) for approximately 10 separate titles. It is not possible to make film elements available for research use. This portion of the collection has not been processed.
Arrangement:
Arranged into eight series.

Series 1, Historical Photographs, 1850s-1950s

Series 2, Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s

Series 3, Miscellaneous Photographs, 1900s-1970s

Series 4, Slides, 1970s-1980s

Series 5, Photograph Albums, 1903-1968 (not inclusive)

Series 6, Scripts for Films, 1955-1978

Series 7, Publications, 1959-1990

Series 8, Films, 1960s
Biographical / Historical:
The origins of the American Petroleum Institute (API) date to World War I, when Congress and the domestic oil and natural gas industry worked together to help the war effort. At the time, the industry included the companies created in 1911 after the court-imposed dissolution of Standard Oil and the independents. These were companies that had been independent of Standard Oil and which had no experience working together. The companies agreed to work with the government to ensure that vital petroleum supplies were rapidly and efficiently deployed to the armed forces. The National Petroleum War Service Committee, which oversaw this effort, was initially formed under the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and subsequently as a quasi-governmental body.

After the war, momentum began to build to form a national association that could represent the whole oil and natural gas industry in the postwar years. The industry's efforts to supply fuel during World War I not only highlighted the importance of the industry to the country, but also the industry's obligation to the public.

The American Petroleum Institute was established on March 20, 1919, to afford a means of cooperation with the government in all matters of national concern; to foster foreign and domestic trade in American petroleum products; to promote in general the interests of the petroleum industry in all its branches; and to promote the mutual improvement of its members and the study of the arts and sciences connected with the oil and natural gas industry.

API offices were established in New York City, and the organization focused its efforts in several specific areas. In late 1969, API moved its offices to Washington, D.C. 0F

*History note courtesy The Story of the American Petroleum Institute , by Leonard M. Fanning, published in 1959, and The American Petroleum Institute: An Informal History by Stephen P. Potter, published by API in 1990.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History by the American Petroleum Institute through Red Cavaney and G. William Frick on December 16, 1999.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment. See repository for details.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Tank trucks  Search this
Tankers  Search this
Trade associations  Search this
Political cartoons  Search this
Pipelines  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Pollution  Search this
Service stations  Search this
Synthetic lubricants  Search this
Stoves  Search this
Oil well drilling rigs  Search this
Oil spills  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Oil-shale industry  Search this
Petroleum refineries  Search this
Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Petroleum -- Prospecting  Search this
Drilling and boring  Search this
Electricity  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Disasters  Search this
Gas-lighting  Search this
Gasohol  Search this
Enegy and environment  Search this
Gas industry  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
advertising -- Petroleum industry and trade  Search this
Heating  Search this
Harbors  Search this
Asphalt  Search this
Automobile racing  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Natural areas  Search this
Natural gas  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Oil burners  Search this
Lighting  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Oil fields  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs -- 19th century
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1960-1980
Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0711
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0711
Additional Online Media:

Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation, Engineering Records

Creator:
Aronson, David, 1923-  Search this
Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Cubic feet (10 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Blueprints
Articles
Correspondence
Diagrams
Pamphlets
Reprints
Date:
1955-1970
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the correspondence and technical documents related to David Aronson's work as an engineer with the Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation.

The correspondence files relate to acceptance or rejection of products and procedures used in the development and production of the company's products, responses to submissions to the company of inventions and products inventors hoped to license or sell to the company, responses to requests for donations and other funding by Worthington, and general company memos and reports.

The technical files represent the research, design and development processes that Aronson was involved in as a mechanical engineer. Topics include heat pumps, steam generation, geothermal power, gas turbine engines, and nuclear power. Types of material include articles, pamphlets, journal reprints, conference papers, schematics, blueprints and diagrams.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Correspondence of David Aronson, 1955-1970

Series 2: Technical Materials of David Aronson (numerical), circa 1960s-1970s

Series 3: Technical Files of David Aronson (alphabetical), circa 1960s-1970s
Biographical / Historical:
David Aronson earned a degree in chemical engineering from Cooper Union and the Polytechnic Institute in New York. He joined the Engineering Department of the Worthington Corporation in 1951 as an engineer. While with Worthington, Aronson worked as a manager in development engineering for the Worthington Air Conditioning Company, a division of Worthington Corporation and was instrumental in the advancement of low temperature energy utilization equipment and the development of various energy recovery systems. Aronson served as the chief contact within the Worthington Corporation for individuals and companies interested in engaging in contract work or presenting their invention ideas for development.

Aronson was awarded thirty United States patents which included an oil burner for gas turbine application, large tonnage water chillers for air conditioning, a nuclear powered system using liquid metal coolant, and a heat pump using a fuel-fired engine or turbine. In 1964, Worthington recognized Aronson's achievements with the company's Worldwide Engineering Award.
Provenance:
Donated to the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering by David Aronson over the period 1986-1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Heat engineering  Search this
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Steam  Search this
Geothermal engineering  Search this
Gas-turbine industry  Search this
Engines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Articles
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Diagrams
Pamphlets -- 1950-2000
Reprints
Citation:
Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation, Engineering Records, 1955-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0947
See more items in:
Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation, Engineering Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0947

Journal of volcanology and geothermal research

Physical description:
v. ill. 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1976
Topic:
Volcanoes--Periodicals  Search this
Volcanism--Periodicals  Search this
Geothermal resources--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
QE521.5 .J86
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_81745

Nisyros volcano : the Kos-Yali-Nisyros volcanic field / Volker Jörg Dietrich, Evangelos Lagios, editors

Editor:
Dietrich, Volker  Search this
Lagios, Evangelos  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 339 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Greece
Nisyros
Dodecanese Islands
Date:
2017
Topic:
Volcanoes  Search this
Volcanic fields  Search this
Volcanism  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094414

Central America : geology, resources and hazards / edited by Jochen Bundschuh, Guillermo E. Alvarado

Author:
Bundschuh, Jochen  Search this
Alvarado Induni, Guillermo E. 1960-  Search this
Physical description:
2 volumes (lix, 1311 pages) : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Central America
Date:
2007
©2007
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Natural resources  Search this
Hazardous geographic environments  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1079219

Volcanology and geothermal energy / Kenneth Wohletz, Grant Heiken

Author:
Wohletz, Kenneth  Search this
Heiken, Grant  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 432 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
Topic:
Volcanism  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE522.W64 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_428444

Geothermal map of North America / compiled by David D. Blackwell and John L. Steele with contributions from David S. Chapman ... [et al.]

Author:
Steele, John L  Search this
Blackwell, David D  Search this
Geological Society of America  Search this
Decade of North American Geology Project  Search this
Physical description:
1 map on 4 sheets : col. ; sheets 110 x 93 cm. folded in envelope 31 x 25 cm
Type:
Maps
Place:
North America
Date:
1992
Topic:
Geology--Maps  Search this
Geothermal resources--Maps  Search this
Terrestrial heat flow--Maps  Search this
Call number:
G3301.C55 1992 .G35
G3301.C55 1992.G35
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_431937

Preliminary geology, El Volcan region, Province of Chiriquí, R of P. / by Robert H. Stewart

Author:
Stewart, Robert H  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 27 leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Panama
Chiriquí
Date:
1978
Topic:
Geothermal resources  Search this
Volcanoes  Search this
Call number:
GB1199.8.P2 S85 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479315

Geophysics of geothermal areas : state of the art and future development : proceedings of the 3rd course held at the School of Geophysics, "Ettore Majorana" International Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice, Italy, May 12-16, 1980 / edited by Antonio Rapolla, George V. Keller

Author:
Rapolla, A. 1938-  Search this
Keller, George Vernon 1927-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 306 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
Topic:
Geothermal resources--Congresses  Search this
Geophysics--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
GB1199.5.G45 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_206101

Fluid-mineral equilibria in hydrothermal systems / the authors, R.W. Henley ... [et al.]

Author:
Henley, R. W  Search this
Society of Economic Geologists (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 267 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
C1984
Topic:
Chemical equilibria  Search this
Hydrothermal deposits  Search this
Geochemistry  Search this
Water chemistry  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE516.3.F58 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_265615

Geothermics, thermal-mineral waters and hydrogeology / editorial committee, E. Romijn ... [et al.]

Author:
Romijn, E  Search this
International Association of Hydrogeologists  Search this
Physical description:
264 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
Topic:
Geothermal resources  Search this
Energy minerals  Search this
Mineral waters  Search this
Hydrogeology  Search this
Call number:
GB1199.5 .G34 1985
GB1199.5.G34 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_280143

Geology of the Breitenbush Hot Springs quadrangle, Oregon / Craig White

Author:
White, Craig  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 26 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oregon
Breitenbush Hot Springs Region
Date:
1980
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE156.B74W55 1980X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_288177

Geology and geothermal resources of the Mount Hood area, Oregon / edited by George R. Priest and Beverly F. Vogt

Author:
Priest, George R  Search this
Vogt, Beverly F  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 100 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oregon
Hood, Mount, Region
Date:
1982
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE156.H6G46 1982X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_288197

Geology and geothermal resources of the central Oregon Cascade Range / edited by George R. Priest and Beverly F. Vogt

Author:
Priest, George R  Search this
Vogt, Beverly F  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 123 p. : ill., chart, col. maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oregon
Cascade Range
Date:
1983
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE156.C3G46 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_294249

The steam vents of Tuscany and the Larderello plant / by Alfredo Mazzoni

Author:
Mazzoni, Alfredo  Search this
Physical description:
170 p., [7] leaves of plates : ill. (some fold.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Italy
Tuscany
Date:
1954
Topic:
Geothermal engineering  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Boric acid  Search this
Call number:
TK1041 .M35Z
TK1041.M35Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_296591

Proceedings / International Congress on Thermal Waters, Geothermal Energy and Vulcanism of the Mediterranean Area, Athens, October, 1976

Author:
International Congress on Thermal Waters, Geothermal Energy and Vulcanism of the Mediterranean Area (1976 : Athens)  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mediterranean region
Date:
1977
[1977]
Topic:
Geothermal resources--Congresses  Search this
Volcanism--Congresses  Search this
Hot springs--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
QE528 .I61 1976
QE528.I61 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_110721

Seafloor spreading centers : hydrothermal systems / edited by Peter A. Rona, Robert P. Lowell

Author:
Rona, Peter A  Search this
Lowell, Robert P  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 424 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
[1980]
Topic:
Sea-floor spreading  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Heat budget (Geophysics)  Search this
Hydrothermal deposits  Search this
Call number:
QE511.7 .S4X
QE511.7.S4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_123491

Geysers and geothermal energy / John S. Rinehart

Author:
Rinehart, John Sargent 1915-  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 223 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
C1980
Topic:
Geysers  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE528 .R56X
QE528.R56X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_131487

New Zealand volcanological record

Title:
Volcano and geothermal observations [New Zealand]
Author:
New Zealand Geological Survey  Search this
Physical description:
no. in v. maps. diagrs. 21-29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1973
Topic:
Volcanism--Periodicals  Search this
Geothermal resources--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
QE521.5 .N567
QE521.5.N567
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_166447

Physical volcanology / edited by L. Civetta ... [et al.]

Author:
Civetta, Lucia  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 333 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Topic:
Volcanoes  Search this
Seismology  Search this
Geothermal resources  Search this
Call number:
QE522 .P58X
QE522 .P58
QE522.P58X
QE522.P58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_54021

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