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Lilian Swann Saarinen papers

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Names:
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Faculty  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc.  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Armitage, Merle, 1893-1975  Search this
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry, 1899-1963  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Weese, Harry, 1915-1998  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1909-1977
Summary:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.

Biographical material consists of resumes and biographical sketches, as well as a 1951 blueprint for the Eero Saarinen and Associates Office Building in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Correspondence documents Saarinen's personal and professional life through letters to and from Eero Saarinen and other family members, including six letters from Loja Saarinen; correspondence with artists and architects, including Merle Armitage, Charles and Ray Eames, Carl Koch, Henry Kreis, Carl Milles, Laszlo and Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, Robert Venturi, and Harry Weese; and friends and colleagues at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and Knoll Associates. Also documented is Saarinen's business relationship with Midtown Galleries and Caresse Crosby, and publishers and publications including Child Life, Interiors, Otava Publishing Company, and Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc.

Writings and Notes document Saarinen's work on several children's publications, including Picture Book Zoo (1935) and Who Am I? (1946), through correspondence, notes, manuscript drafts, and extensive sketches. This series also includes Saarinen's ideas for other publications and incorporates some early writings and notes, as well as typescripts of her reminiscences about Eliel Saarinen, the Saarinen family, and the Cranbrook Academy of Art.

Diaries consist of bound diary volumes, loose-leaf journal entries, and heavily annotated engagement calendars, documenting Saarinen's personal life, artistic aspirations, and career development from the 1930s-1970s. This material provides a deeply personal view of the emotional landscape of Saarinen's life, her struggles to balance her identity as a working artist with the roles of wife, mother, and homemaker, and the complex, and often competing, relationships within the renowned architectural family into which she married.

Project files document Saarinen's work on book cover designs, federal and post office commissions in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, reliefs for the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, and other important commissions including the Harbor National Bank Clock in Boston, Massachusetts, the KLM Airlines installation at JFK Airport, the Fountain of Noah sculpture at the Northland Center in Detroit, Michigan, and the interior of Toffenetti's restaurant in Chicago, Illinois. Also documented is her role in designs for the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, with Eero Saarinen.

Teaching files document Saarinen's "Language of Clay Course" which she taught at Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Financial records document exhibition and sales expenses for two exhibitions, including her show at G Place Gallery in 1944.

Printed material consists of clippings about Saarinen and her family, exhibition announcements and catalogs for herself and others, and reference files from the 1930s-1940s, primarily comprising clippings of animals.

Additional printed material documenting Saarinen's career can be found in one of two scrapbooks found in the collection. An additional scrapbook consists of clippings relating primarily to Saarinen's parents.

Artwork comprises extensive sketches, particularly animal and figure sketches, in graphite, crayon, ink, pastel, and watercolor. The sketches demonstrate in particular Saarinen's developing interest in and skill with animal portraiture from her childhood to the 1960s.

Photographs are primarily of artwork and Saarinen's 1944 exhibition at G Place Gallery. Also found are one negative of Saarinen, probably with Eero Saarinen, and a group photo including Lilian, Eero, and Eliel Saarinen with the model for the Detroit Civic Center, circa 1940s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1930s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1974 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 8, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1920s-1973 (1.3 linear feet, Boxes 2-3, 8, OVs 13-16)

Series 4: Diaries, 1930-1973 (1.4 linear feet, Boxes 3-5, 8)

Series 5: Project Files, 1931-1966 (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 5-6, 8, OVs 17-19)

Series 6: Teaching Files, 1966-1970 (3 folders, Box 6)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1940s-1970s (2 folders, Box 6)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1930s-1970s (0.2 linear feet, Box 6)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, circa 1909-1974 (2 folders; Boxes 6, 9)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1920s-circa 1960s (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 6-7, 9-10, OVs 20-27)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1940s, 1977 (0.5 linear feet, Boxes 7, 11, OV 27)
Biographical / Historical:
Cambridge artist and sculptor, Lilian Swann Saarinen (1912-1995), studied at the Art Students League with Alexander Archipenko in 1928, and later with Albert Stewart and Heninz Warneke from 1934-1936, before moving to Michigan where she studied with Carl Milles at the Cranbrook Academy of Art from 1936-1940. Saarinen was an accomplished skier and a member of the 1936 US Olympic ski team.

At Cranbrook, Swann met architect Eero Saarinen, whom she married in 1939. She subsequently worked with Saarinen's design group on a variety of projects, including the Westward Expansion Memorial, which later became known as the "Gateway Arch" in St. Louis. Lilian and Eero had a son, Eric, and a daughter, Susie, before divorcing in 1953.

Saarinen, who had developed an affinity for drawing animals in childhood, specialized in animal portraits in a variety of sculptural media. In 1939, she exhibited her sculpture Night, which depicted Bagheera the panther from Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, at the World's Fair. The sculpture was placed in the Boston Public Garden in 1986. In the 1930s and 1940s Saarinen was commissioned to work on a variety of architectural projects, including reliefs for post offices in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, and the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois. She also executed commissions for the Harbor National Bank in Boston, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) at JFK Airport, the Northland shopping Center in Detroit Michigan, and Toffenetti's Restaurant in Chicago.

Saarinen was a contributing author and illustrator for a variety of publications, including Child Life, Interiors and Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly. In 1935 she illustrated Picture Book Zoo for the Bronx Zoo and in 1946 Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc. published Who Am I?, a children's book which Saarinen wrote and illustrated.

Saarinen taught ceramic sculpture to soldiers for the Red Cross Arts and Skills Unit rehabilitation program in 1945, served on the Visiting Committee to the Museum School at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from 1959-1964, where she taught ceramics, and later taught a course entitled "The Language of Clay" at the Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One of Saarinen's private students at Cambridge was her cousin, Edie Sedgwick.

Saarinen died in Cohasset, Massachusetts, in 1995 at the age of 83.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1152 and 1192) including a scrapbook containing clippings, copies of letters and telegrams received, and reproductions of Saarinen's work. There is a copy of Saarinen's book, "Who Am I?", and three albums containing photographs of Saarinen, photographs and reproductions of her work, a list of exhibitions, quotes about her, and writings by her about sculpture. Lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Lilian Swann Saarinen donated the collection in 1975. She lent additional materials for microfilming in 1976.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Lilian Swann Saarinen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Topic:
Women artists -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.saarlili
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-saarlili
Additional Online Media:

Now Saarinen the son

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1953 April 26
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11300
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11300

Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Subject:
Armitage, Merle  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László  Search this
Eames, Ray Kaiser  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel  Search this
Crosby, Caresse  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Weese, Harry  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Topic:
Scrapbooks  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Illustrations  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Blueprints  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9049
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211240
AAA_collcode_saarlili
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211240
Additional Online Media:

Charles Nagel papers, ca. 1927-1992

Creator:
Nagel, Charles, 1899-1992  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon),  Search this
Nagel, Charles  Search this
Warren, Earl  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Kimball, Fiske  Search this
Nagel, Anne  Search this
Hurd, Peter  Search this
Wurster, William Wilson  Search this
Nagel, Charles  Search this
Proetz, Victor  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
City Art Museum of St. Louis  Search this
Nagel & Dunn (Firm : St. Louis, Mo.)  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
St. Mark's Episcopal Church (St. Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Yale University.Gallery of Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Interior decorators  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Church architecture  Search this
Photograph albums  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Architects  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Architectural firms  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10980
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214823
AAA_collcode_nagechar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214823

Donald A. Hall Interview

Creator:
Hall, Donald A.  Search this
Names:
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Audiocassettes
Date:
bulk 1967
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of audio recordings and a transcript of an interview conducted by telephone with Donald A. Hall in 1967. The interviewer is Tom Leech who was working on behalf of the San Diego Section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). During the interview, Hall discusses his career; working with Charles Augustus Lindbergh; the design of the Ryan NYP Spirit of St. Louis; reaction to Lindbergh's New York to Paris flight; Hall's involvement with AIAA; and his family. There is one copy of the recording on an audio cassette tape and one copy on a CD along with a transcript prepared by Tom Leech in 2003. The reverse side of the cassette tape is a recording of a speech by C. Northcote Parkinson to the General Dynamics Convair Management Club, circa 1968. The collection also contains a photocopy of the May 1967 issue of The AIAA Tabloid, the newsletter of the San Diego Section of AIAA, which features an article on Donald A. Hall.
Biographical / Historical:
Donald A. Hall was an engineer who is best known as the designer of the Ryan NYP Spirit of St. Louis. Hall was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1898. In 1917, Hall graduated from the Pratt Institute with a certificate in mechanical engineering. Hall worked for Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company beginning in 1919 before going to Douglas Aircraft in 1924. Hall later accepted the job of chief, and only full-time, engineer at Ryan Airlines where he started on January 31, 1927. A telegram arrived four days later asking if Ryan could build an airplane capable of flying nonstop from New York to Paris, France. Hall reviewed the request and replied affirmatively and on February 21, 1927, Charles Augustus Lindbergh arrived at Ryan to discuss the aircraft. After reviewing Hall's preliminary design work, a contract was finalized between Ryan and Lindbergh on February 25, 1927. The aircraft Hall designed, the Ryan NYP Spirit of St. Louis was built and ready for flight testing on April 28, 1927, a process that took place in under two weeks. On May 21, 1927, Lindbergh completed the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight in history flying in the Spirit of St. Louis. Later, Hall designed the Ryan X-1 Doodle Bug (Mahoney-Ryan Special). After Ryan relocated to St. Louis, Missouri, Hall stayed in San Diego, California and founded his own company, Hall Aeronautical Development Company. After the Great Depression hit, Hall was forced to close his company due to financial concerns and went to work for Consolidated in 1936. During his time with the company, Hall worked as a consultant to I. M. Laddon on the design of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator. In 1949, Hall went to work for the U.S. Navy at Naval Air Station North Island where he was an engineer before being promoted to head of the helicopter branch and later head of the structures branch before retiring in 1963. Donald A. Hall died in 1968.
Provenance:
Thomas Leech, Gift, 2010
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Donald A. Hall Interview, Accession 2010-0039, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2010.0039
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2010-0039

Charles Lindbergh Scrapbook

Names:
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
0.71 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Date:
bulk 1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
This 16 by 22 inch scrapbook was originally a sample book for the Globe Tailoring Company; the samples were removed from the book which was then used as a scrapbook. The scrapbook consists of newspaper articles, mostly focusing on Charles Lindbergh's New York to Paris flight, as well as his subsequent Guggenheim US Good Will Tour. At the end to the scrapbook there are articles relating to the other contestants' flight attempts for the Raymond Orteig Prize, including Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett, as well as a few articles referencing the crew and flight of the Junkers W 33 b Bremen, the first successful transatlantic flight from east to west, April 12-13, 1928.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974), was born in Detroit, Michigan, on February 4, 1902. He began his flying career in 1922, studying aeronautics with the Nebraska Aircraft Corporation. In 1924 he enrolled as a flying cadet in the Army Air Service at Brooks Field, Texas and in 1926 became a airmail pilot, flying the route from St. Louis to Chicago. In 1927 he obtained backing to compete for the Raymond Orteig prize of {dollar}25,000 offered for the first nonstop flight between New York and Paris. Lindbergh took off on May 20, 1927, flying alone in the Spirit of St. Louis. Thirty-three hours thirty minutes later, he landed at LeBourget Field near Paris, where over 100,000 people had gathered to give him an enthusiastic welcome. After the flight Lindbergh flew to various countries as part of a good will tour. During this time he met Anne Spencer Morrow, who he married in 1929. Beyond his accomplishments in aviation, Lindbergh also worked on the invention of an artificial heart between 1931 and 1935 with the French surgeon Alexis Carrel. Lindbergh's personal life was marked by tragedy when the Lindberghs' 20-month-old son, Charles Augustus, Jr., was kidnapped and murdered. Charles Lindbergh was to later to encounter criticism stemming from his isolationist views and membership in America First Committee before War World II. During the war he was sent to the Pacific as an advisor to the US Army and Navy. After the Allied victory, Lindbergh worked as a aviation consultant for Pan American World Airways. In 1953 he wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Spirit of St. Louis. His later years were spent in conservation work.
Provenance:
NASM Aeronautics Department, Transfer, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Charles Lindbergh Scrapbook, Accession 2015-0039, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0039
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0039

The Gateway Arch : an architectural dream / text by Robert J. Moore; oral and written essays edited by Robert J. Moore

Author:
Moore, Robert J  Search this
Jefferson National Expansion Historical Association  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 29x35 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Saint Louis, Mo.)
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)--History  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
F474.S243 G37 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_813865

Finding aid to the Adeline Smith Boyd papers, 1934-1990 / by Jennifer L. Rawlings

Title:
Adeline Smith Boyd papers
Author:
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Saint Louis, Mo.) Archives  Search this
Rawlings, Jennifer L  Search this
Subject:
Boyd, Adeline Smith  Search this
Smith, Luther Ely 1873-1951  Search this
Smith family  Search this
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Saint Louis, Mo.) Archives  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 10 leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Archives
Date:
2001
[2001]
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)--Archival resources  Search this
Call number:
F474.S265 J44 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_833855

St. Louis & the Arch : photographs / by Joel Meyerowitz ; preface by James N. Wood

Title:
St. Louis and the Arch
Author:
Meyerowitz, Joel 1938-  Search this
New York Graphic Society  Search this
St. Louis Art Museum  Search this
Subject:
Meyerowitz, Joel 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : col. ill. ; 25 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Date:
1980
C1980
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Views  Search this
Call number:
TR654 .M613
TR647.M613 N5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_133439

The Gateway Arch : a biography / Tracy Campbell

Author:
Campbell, Tracy 1962-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 217 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Missouri
Saint Louis
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Date:
2013
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)--History  Search this
Arches--Design and construction  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1020819

An Act To establish the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor in the State of Illinois, and for other purposes

Author:
98th Congress, Sess. 2, 1984  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Eero 1910-1961  Search this
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Amendments Act of 1984  Search this
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Commission  Search this
United States Dept. of the Interior  Search this
United States Territorial Expansion Memorial Commission  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 17; Page Numbers: 1456-72
Type:
Public Law
Place:
East Saint Louis (Ill.)
Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor (Ill.)
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Date:
1986
08/24/1984
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Amendments (Parliamentary practice)  Search this
Expenditures, Public  Search this
Finance  Search this
Historic preservation  Search this
Historic sites  Search this
United States Territorial Expansion Memorial Commission Amendments Act of 1984  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5083

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