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Cultural status of the South African man-apes / by Raymond A. Dart

Author:
Dart, Raymond A (Raymond Arthur) 1893-1988  Search this
Physical description:
p. 317-338, 4 p. of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Africa
Date:
1956
Topic:
Fossil hominids  Search this
Call number:
GN283 .D37 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_998212

The human fossil record / Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Ian Tattersall

Author:
Schwartz, Jeffrey H  Search this
Tattersall, Ian  Search this
Holloway, Ralph L  Search this
Physical description:
4 v. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2002
C2002-
Topic:
Fossil hominids  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_670727

Cultural beginnings : approaches to understanding early hominid life-ways in the African savanna / J. Desmond Clark (ed.)

Author:
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond) 1916-2002  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 208 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
Africa
Date:
1991
Topic:
Fossil hominids  Search this
Language and languages--Origin  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_686476

The Lucy man : the scientist who found the most famous fossil ever / by C.A.P. Saucier ; foreword Donald C. Johanson

Author:
Saucier, C.A.P. 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Johanson, Donald C  Search this
Physical description:
128 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Africa, East
Date:
2011
Topic:
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Lucy (Prehistoric hominid)  Search this
Australopithecus afarensis  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Anthropology, Prehistoric  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_970146

Stone tools and fossil bones : debates in the archaeology of human origins / Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo

Author:
Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 362 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2012
C2012
Topic:
Tools, Prehistoric  Search this
Human evolution  Search this
Social evolution  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Animal remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_988747

Paleoanthropology of the Kibish Formation, southern Ethiopia: Introduction

Author:
Brown, Francis H.  Search this
Assefa, Zelalem  Search this
Shea, John J.  Search this
Fleagle, John G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2008
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Anthropology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_73982

Thomas Dale Stewart Papers

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
McKern, T. W.  Search this
Extent:
65 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Alaska
Shanidar Cave (Iraq)
Virginia
Maryland
Delaware
Mexico
Peru
Guatemala
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology
Date:
1875-1991, bulk 1931-1991
bulk 1927-1991
Summary:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a physical and forensic anthropologist and worked at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1931 until his death in 1997. He worked under Ales Hrdlicka until 1943, became the head curator in 1960, director of the museum in 1962, and retired in 1971. Stewart's research interests included physical and forensic anthropology and archaeology, mostly in North and South America. He also worked with the F.B.I. frequently to aid in homicide investigations, and worked extensively with the U.S. Army to identify skeletal remains from the Korean War in Operation Glory. The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers primarily deal with his life and career at the Smithsonian, particularly his research projects and publications between 1931 and 1991. Materials consist mainly of correspondence, photographic material, dossiers based on writings and research projects, and administrative files.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers document his research and professional activities from 1931 to 1991 and primarily deal with his anthropological and archaeological research in North and South America. There is also significant material related to ancient human skeletal remains found in Egypt and the Middle East, Stewart's work identifying skeletal remains for the U.S. Army (Operation Glory), and the history of physical and forensic anthropology. Material documenting Stewart's work with Ales Hrdlicka and other colleagues are also represented in this collection. The collection consists of correspondence, writings and research files, project data, skeletal data punch cards, photographic and illustration materials, and administrative and financial papers.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged in 9 series: Series 1. Biographical and Background, 1937-1983; Series 2. Correspondence, 1931-1990; Series 3. Writings and Research, 1875, 1902-1990; Series 4. Operation Glory, 1954-1957; Series 5. Professional Organizations, 1930-1990; Series 6. Trip Files, 1945-1985; Series 7. Teaching and Lectures, 1950-1970; Series 8. Exhibit Material, 1961-1969; Series 9. Photographs, 1928-1979.
Biographical/Historical note:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a curator of physical anthropology at the Smithsonian specializing in anthropometry, early man, and forensic anthropology. He worked in the Department of Anthropology for over seventy years. Born in Delta, Pennsylvania in 1901, Stewart moved to Washington, D.C. to pursue a degree at George Washington University. While attending school, he also began working at the Smithsonian in 1924 as a temporary substitute for John Baer, a family friend from Delta. After Baer died during conducting research in Panama, Stewart was invited to stay on as assistant to Ales Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthropology. Hrdlicka was impressed by Stewart's abilities and quickly took him on as a student. Promised that he would succeed Hrdlicka one day if he obtained an M.D., Stewart enrolled at The Johns Hopkins University and graduated in 1931. After graduating, Stewart was rehired by the Smithsonian as an assistant curator.

Stewart rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology quickly, being promoted to associate curator in 1939 and curator in 1943 after the death of his mentor Hrdlicka. Stewart was appointed head curator of the department in 1960 and director of the Natural History Museum in 1962. He continued to work at the Smithsonian well after he retired in 1971, conducting research and producing a stream of publications well into his 90s. He died in 1997 at the age of 96. Many of Stewart's early research interests matched those of his mentor: a focus on dental caries, separate neural arch and spondylolisthesis, ossuary excavation, cranial deformations, and other examinations of archaeological remains throughout North America. While Hrdlicka was alive, Stewart provided support for many of his research projects and publications. After Hrdlicka died, Stewart expanded his interests to include forensic topics and analysis of other archaeological remains.

Anthropometry was prominent in a great deal of his work. He was the first to describe Tepexpan Man from Mexico and Midland Man from Texas. He also studied the remains of Neanderthal specimens that Ralph S. Solecki, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, had uncovered at Shanidar Cave in Iraq. In forensic work, as Hrdlicka's heir, Stewart assumed work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement officials. Moreover, Stewart devised new methods and published books and articles concerning forensic analysis, including his Essentials of Forensic Anthropology. In closely related work during 1954-1955, the United States Army engaged Stewart to go to Japan to examine skeletal remains repatriated after the Korean War in a project called "Operation Glory."

In terms of his areal specialization, Stewart was essentially an Americanist. In North America, he worked in Alaska with Henry B. Collins in 1927, and in subsequent years he excavated several ossuaries and other sites in the Washington, D.C., vicinity. These included a site on Potomac Creek in Virginia, Piscataway sites in Maryland, and the Townsend site in Delaware. He also carried out laboratory studies and prepared reports on skeletal remains uncovered by Smithsonian colleagues. In the 1940s and 1950s, Stewart conducted field work at archaeological sites in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru.

He was awarded the Viking Medal in Physical Anthropology in 1953, the Joseph Henry Medal of the Smithsonian Institution in 1967, and an award from the physical anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1981.

Sources: Ubelaker, Douglas H. "Thomas Dale Stewart, A Biographer Memoir," National Academy of Sciences, 2006.

Pace, Eric. "T. Dale Stewart Dies at 96; Anthropologist at Smithsonian," The New York Times, 1997.

Chronology

1901 -- Born in Delta, Pennsylvania.

1922-1927 -- Moved to Washington, D.C. and attended George Washington University.

1924 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1927 -- Sent by Ales Hrdlicka to Alaska to collect skeletal remains with Henry Collins.

1931 -- Graduated from The Johns Hopkins University with an M.D.

1931 -- Appointed assistant curator at the Smithsonian under Hrdlicka.

1939 -- Promoted to associate curator.

1939 -- Field work in Mexico.

1941 -- Field work in Peru.

1943 -- Taught at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

1943 -- Promoted to curator after Hrdlicka dies.

1943 -- Began working on forensic cases for the F.B.I.

1945 -- Field work in Mexico.

1949 -- Field work in Peru.

1947, 1949 -- Field work in Guatemala.

1954-1955 -- Traveled to Japan to assist in the identification of skeletal remains from the Korean War (Operation Glory).

1957-1967 -- Taught at the George Washington University School of Medicine.

1960-1962 -- Served as head curator of the Department of Anthropology.

1962-1965 -- Served as the director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1964 -- Assisted in the production of Smithsonian exhibits on physical anthropology.

1966 -- Retired from administrative duties and appointed senior scientist.

1971 -- Retired from the Smithsonian.

1997 -- Died in Bethesda, Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following manuscripts related to Stewart and his work can be found at the NAA:

NAA MS 1615- Excavations in Mancos Canyon, Colorado September 1943.

NAA MS 4669- The Townsend Site Near Lewes, Delaware 1962 by Henri Omwake.

NAA MS 4843- Report by T. Dale Stewart on Human Skeletal Material Excavated by W.M. Walker at Cedar Grove Cave, Arkansas and Natchitoches, Louisiana.

NAA MS 7025- A Tentative Closing Report on the Willin Site, Eldorado, Maryland September 1, 1952.

NAA MS 7121- "Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian January 11, 1978" recording.

NAA MS 7223- The Townsend Site January 1950.

NAA MS 7264- Documents Concerning Preserved Paleolithic Human Remains Found in the Vicinity of Cueva, Spain 1969-1972.

NAA MS 7357- Material Relating to Dermatoglyphics of Mayan Groups ca. 1947-1949.

NAA MS 7358- Personal Identification in Mass Disasters December 9-11 1968.

NAA MS 7359- T. Dale Stewart on the Identification of Human Remains April 6, 1970.

NAA MS 7474- Sketches of Burials at Ossuary 2, Juhle Site ca. 1971-1972.

Additional material T. Dale Stewart created while assisting Ales Hrdlicka is located at the National Anthropological Archives, The Papers of Ales Hrdlicka, ca. 1887-1943.

Many objects and artifact materials collected by T. Dale Stewart throughout his career are also held by the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology. These include skeletal remains and other materials from the Shanidar Cave in Iraq, forensic anthropological material including bone casts from Operation Glory, archaelogical materials from excavations in Maryland and Virginia including the Nanjemoy and Potomac Creek sites, and skeletal remains and other related materials from Stewart's 1927 expedition to Alaska with Henry Collins. Contact Anthropological Collections for more information.
Provenance:
Materials were transferred from T. Dale Stewart to the National Anthropological Archives in multiple accretions between 1975 and 2000 under accessions 1981-52, 1981-59, 1986-04, 1988-15, 1988-33, 1995-04, 1998-61, and 2000-46.The bulk of materials in this collection were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 1994 (1995-04).
Restrictions:
The Thomas Dale Stewart papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Operation Glory  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- American Indian  Search this
Americans  Search this
Aging  Search this
Anthropology -- Exhibits  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Early man -- Neanderthal  Search this
George Washington University  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Primates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.1988-33
See more items in:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1988-33

La vie des mammifères et des hommes fossiles, déchiffrée à l'aide de l'anatomie et de la physiologie comparées de l'appareil masticateur / Henry Sanielevici

Author:
Sanielevici, H (Henric) 1875-1951  Search this
Physical description:
xciv, 660 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1926
Topic:
Mammals, Fossil  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Jaws  Search this
Anatomy, Comparative  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1103639

The Ngandong fossil hominids : a comparative study of a far eastern Homo erectus group / A.P. Santa Luca

Author:
Santa Luca, A. P  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 175 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Indonesia
Ngandong
Ngandong, Java
Date:
1980
Topic:
Homo erectus  Search this
Craniology  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
GN284.6 .S26 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1099492

SK 47, Fossil Hominid, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
R. Broom  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Juvenile
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Swartkrans, Africa, Republic of South Africa, Gauteng Province
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Paranthropus robustus
USNM Number:
NC67369
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023204
Additional Online Media:

Taung Child, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
R. Dart  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Juvenile
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Taung, Africa, South Africa, North West Province
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Australopithecus africanus
USNM Number:
NC67370
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023205
Additional Online Media:

Saldanha, Fossil Hominid, Human

Collector:
K. Jolly  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Saldanha Bay  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Elandsfontein, Africa, Saldanha Bay, South Africa, Western Cape
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Homo heidelbergensis
USNM Number:
NC67373
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023208
Additional Online Media:

La Chapelle-aux-Saints, Neanderthal Man, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
A. Bouyssonie, J. Bouyssonie & L. Bardon  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
European Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Europe, France, Limousin, Corrèze
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Homo neanderthalensis
USNM Number:
NC67375
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023210
Additional Online Media:

Taung Child, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
R. Dart  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Juvenile
Material:
Plastic, Paint
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Africa, South Africa, North West
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Australopithecus africanus
USNM Number:
NC67545
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023214

OH 5, Fossil Hominid, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
M. Leakey  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plastic, Paint
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Olduvai Gorge, Africa, Tanzania
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Paranthropus boisei
USNM Number:
NC67546
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023215
Additional Online Media:

STS 5, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
R. Broom & J. Robinson  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plastic, Paint
Sex:
Female
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Sterkfontein, Africa, South Africa, Gauteng Province
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Australopithecus africanus
USNM Number:
NC67547
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10023216
Additional Online Media:

Kabwe 1, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
T. Zwiglaar  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Kabwe (also known as Broken Hill), Africa, Zambia
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Homo heidelbergensis
USNM Number:
NC67372-DSP
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10835874
Additional Online Media:

OH 5, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
M. Leakey  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
African Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plastic
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Olduvai Gorge, Africa, Tanzania
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Paranthropus boisei
USNM Number:
NC53490
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_11043681
Additional Online Media:

Zhoukoudian, Early Human, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
D. Black  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
Asia & Middle East Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Zhoukoudian, Asia, China
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Homo erectus
USNM Number:
NC400494-DSP
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_11043690
Additional Online Media:

La Chapelle-aux-Saints, Neanderthal Man, Fossil Hominid

Collector:
A. Bouyssonie, J. Bouyssonie & L. Bardon  Search this
Discipline:
Anthropology  Search this
Region:
European Region  Search this
Is this real?:
No, it's a cast.
Life Stage:
Adult
Material:
Plaster, Paint
Sex:
Male
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
La Chapelle-aux-Saints, Europe, France
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Primates, Hominidae
Scientific Name:
Homo neanderthalensis
USNM Number:
NC400495-DSP
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_11043691
Additional Online Media:

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