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Harpoon head

Culture/People:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon head
Media/Materials:
Iron
Techniques:
Hammered
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Tasiilaq (Ammassalik, Angmagssalik); Ammassalik Municipality (Angmagssalik, Ammassallip); Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Date created:
1880-1920
Catalog Number:
17/7224
Barcode:
177224.000
See related items:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_189770
Additional Online Media:

Harpoon head

Culture/People:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon head
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone, iron point
Techniques:
Hammered, carved, perforated
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Tasiilaq (Ammassalik, Angmagssalik); Ammassalik Municipality (Angmagssalik, Ammassallip); Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Date created:
1880-1920
Catalog Number:
17/7225
Barcode:
177225.000
See related items:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_189771
Additional Online Media:

Harpoon head

Culture/People:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon head
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone, iron
Techniques:
Hammered, carved, perforated
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Tasiilaq (Ammassalik, Angmagssalik); Ammassalik Municipality (Angmagssalik, Ammassallip); Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Date created:
circa 1925
Catalog Number:
17/7226
Barcode:
177226.000
See related items:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_189772
Additional Online Media:

Bear figure

Culture/People:
probably Thule Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Bear figure
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Stone house; Site C, Clavering Island; Northeast Greenland National Park; Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Island Name:
Clavering Island
Island Grouping:
Greenland Islands
Date created:
AD 1300-1500
Catalog Number:
17/9465
Barcode:
179465.000
See related items:
Thule Tradition (archaeological culture)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_191705
Additional Online Media:

Bear figure

Culture/People:
probably Thule Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Bear figure
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Stone house; Site C, Clavering Island; Northeast Greenland National Park; Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Island Name:
Clavering Island
Island Grouping:
Greenland Islands
Date created:
AD 1300-1500
Catalog Number:
17/9465
Barcode:
179465.001
See related items:
Thule Tradition (archaeological culture)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_191706
Additional Online Media:

Bear figure

Culture/People:
probably Thule Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Excavator:
Junius Bird (Junius Bouton Bird), Non-Indian, 1907-1982  Search this
Expedition leader:
Captain Robert A. Bartlett (Robert Abram Bartlett), Non-Indian, 1875-1946  Search this
Expedition:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition (1930)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Bear figure
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
7.60 x 2.80 x 3.30 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Stone house; Site C, Clavering Island; Northeast Greenland National Park; Tunu (East Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Island Name:
Clavering Island
Island Grouping:
Greenland Islands
Date created:
AD 1300-1500
Catalog Number:
17/9465
Barcode:
179465.002
See related items:
Thule Tradition (archaeological culture)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_191707
Additional Online Media:

Bartlett East Greenland Expedition photographs and negatives collection

Creator:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition 1930  Search this
Bartlett, Bob, 1875-1946  Search this
Extent:
5 acetate negatives
7 albumen prints
Culture:
Tunumiit (East Greenland Eskimo) [Ammassalik] (Angmagsalik Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Greenland
Date:
1928-1930
Summary:
The photographs and negatives consists of views of the Ford-Bartlett expedition to East Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
The Bartlett East Greenland Expedition collection consists of photographs and negatives directly and indirectly related to the 1930 expedition. Included are several studio portraits of Captain Bob Bartlett, leader of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation-sponsored expedition, and a depiction of him trading with Tunumiit (Ammassalimiut Eskimo) men during the 1930 expedition. There are several views of Tunumiit men in kayaks, both pulling up to and fishing near the expedition schooner. The photographer is unknown. The collection also contains a World Wide Photo Co. negative and print from it of Bartlett's schooner, the Effie M. Morrissey.
Arrangement note:
Prints Arranged by print numbers (P09530-P09531, P09832-P09835, P11455)

Negatives Arranged by negative numbers (N18774-N18775, N36485-N36487)
Biographical/Historical note:
For more than 50 years and on more than 40 expeditions, Captain Robert "Bob" Bartlett sailed, explored, and mapped the Arctic. During the Great Depression, in order to finance his cruises, Bartlett frequently collaborated with scientific institutions, including with the Museum of the American Indian for the 1930 Bartlett East Greenland Expedition. Led by Bartlett and financed by Museum trustee James B. Ford (1844-1928) for the Museum, the expedition allowed anthropologist Junius Bird (1907-1982) to conduct archaeological excavations of Eskimo ruins on Shannon Island and Clavering Island. Co-authored by Bartlett and Bird, "The Bartlett East Greenland Expedition" appeared in the July 1931 issue of Geographical review.
Provenance:
Historically, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation managed all photographic and related manuscript collections separately. This collection description represents current management practices of organizing and contextualizing related archival materials.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Thurs., 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian
Topic:
Ammassalimiut Eskimos -- Fishing -- Greenland -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Albumen prints
Black-and-white negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Bartlett East Greenland Expedition photographs and negatives collection, 1928-1930, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.005
See more items in:
Bartlett East Greenland Expedition photographs and negatives collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-005

Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), b. 1885  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), b. 1885  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Names:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition 1930  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Huntington Free Library  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Former owner:
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Extent:
400 linear feet
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1890-1998
Summary:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Scope and Contents:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Arrangement:
The MAI, Heye Foundation records have been arranged into 21 series and 50 subseries: Series 1: Directors, 1908-1990 (1.1: George Gustav Heye, 1863-1962, 1.2: Edwin K. Burnett, 1943-1960, 1.3: Frederick Dockstader, 1950-1976, 1.4: Alexander F. Draper, 1972-1977, 1.5:Roland W. Force, 1963-1990, 1.6: George Eager, Assistant Director, 1977-1990) Series 2: Board of Trustees, 1916-1990 (2.1: Board of Trustee Minutes, 1916-1990, 2.2: Individual Board Correspondence, 1943-1990, 2.3: Subject Files, 1917-1990) Series 3: Administrative, 1916-1989 (3.1: Subject Files, 1904-1991, 3.2: Personnel, 1956-1991, 3.3: Legal, 1900-1989, 3.4: Task Force, 1976-1986, 3.5: George Abrams, 1980-1991) Series 4: Financial, 1916-1990 (4.1: Ledgers, 1900-1962, 4.2: Correspondence, 1905-1985, 4.3: Subject Files, 1916-1990) Series 5: Expeditions, 1896-1973Series 6: Collectors, 1872-1981Series 7: Registration, 1856-1993Series 8: Collections Management, 1937-1988Series 9: Curatorial, 1963-1990 (9.1: Curatorial Council, 1973-1990, 9.2: Gary Galante, 1979-1991, 9.3: Mary Jane Lenz, 1974-1994, 9.4: James G. E. Smith, 1963-1990, 9.5: U. Vincent Wilcox, 1968-1984, 9.6: Anna C. Roosevelt, 1973-1988) Series 10: Exhibits, 1923-1991 (10.1: MAI Exhibits, 1923-1990, 10.2: Non-MAI Exhibits, 1937-1991) Series 11: Public Programs, 1935-1990Series 12: Publications, 1904-1994 (12.1: Annual Reports, 1917-1989, 12.2: Publications by MAI, 1904-1990, 12.3: Publications by Other Sources, 1881-1990, 12.4: Administration, 1920-1988, 12.5: Archival Set of Official Publications, 1907-1976) Series 13: Public Affairs, 1938-1991Series 14: Development, 1927-1991 (14.1: Administration, 1979-1990, 14.2: Donors, 1978-1990, 14.3: Fundraising, 1973-1990, 14.4: Grants, 1970-1990, 14.5: Subject Files, 1976-1990) Series 15: Other Departments, 1914-1990 (15.1: Archives, 1914-1990, 15.2: Conservation, 1972-1989, 15.3: Education, 1921-1990, 15.4: Indian Information Center, 1977-1989, 15.5: Museum Shop, 1947-1989, 15.6: Photography, 1918-1990, 15.7: Physical Anthropology, 1919-1956) Series 16: Huntington Free Library, 1926-1991Series 17: Museum Relocation, 1969-1992 (17.1: Subject Files, 1979-1990, 17.2: American Museum of Natural History, 1980-1987, 17.3: Dallas, Texas, 1984-1987, 17.4: Smithsonian Institution, 1979-1990, 17.5: U.S. Custom House, 1977-1990, 17.6: Other Locations, 1974-1987) Series 18: MediaSeries 19: PhotographsSeries 20: Miscellaneous, 1837-1990Series 21: Oversize, 1873-1972 (21.1: Maps, 1873-1975, 21.2: Miscellaneous, 1884-1982)
History of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation:
The Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation was established by wealthy collector George Gustav Heye in 1908. Heye began collecting American Indian artifacts as early as 1897 and his collection rapidly increased over the next several years. Based in New York, Heye bought collections and documentary photographs, sponsored expeditions, and traveled and collected items himself. In addition, once MAI was established he sponsored numerous expeditions across the Western Hemisphere, including North American, Canada, South America and Central America.

From 1908 to 1917 Heye housed his artifacts on temporary loan at the University of Pennsylvania's University Museum, Pennsylvania, in lofts on East 33rd Street in New York City, and at other depositories. In 1917, the collections moved from his apartment to their permanent museum location at Audubon Terrace, at 155th Street and Broadway in New York City. The museum, containing ethnographic and archaeological collections from North, Central and South America, opened to the public in 1922. Less than ten years later, Heye completed a storage facility in the Pelham Bay area of the Bronx, known as the Research Branch. Heye served as Chairman of the Board and Museum Director until his death in 1957. After growing concern about the financial and other management of the collections came to a head, the museum became part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1989 and in 1994 opened exhibit space in the U.S. Customs House at Bowling Green near New York City's Battery Park. The Cultural Resources Center in Suitland, Maryland later opened in 1999 and the main Washington, DC museum opened in 2004.

Please visit the following links for more information about the history of the museum; History of the Collection, Collections Overview, and Significance of the Collection. Moreover, for information about how the museum currently cares for and exhibits the collection, please see the Conservation department and recent entries regarding Exhibitions and Conservation on the NMAI Blog. In addition, see portions of the NMAI Archive Center's collections highlighted in the SIRIS Blog.
Related Materials:
In 2004, the Huntington Fee Library, once part of the MAI/Heye Foundation, was transferred to the Cornell University Library Rare Book and Manuscript Collection. While this collection mainly contained books, it also contained a significant amount of archival materials. The Huntington Free Library's Native American Collection contains outstanding materials documenting the history, culture, languages, and arts of the native tribes of both North and South America, as well as contemporary politics and human rights issues are also important components of the collection. Further information about the collection and links to finding aids can be found here: rmc.library.cornell.edu/collections/HFL_old.html.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Tennessee  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New York (State)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Panama  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Jersey  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Missouri  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Nevada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Indians of South America  Search this
Indians of Central America  Search this
Pre-Columbian objects  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Texas  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Ethnological expeditions  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Museums -- Curatorship  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Cuba  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Ecuador  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Arkansas  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Canada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Guatemala  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Haiti  Search this
Genre/Form:
Administrative records
Photographs
Annual reports
Field notes
Correspondence
Ledgers (account books)
Minutes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001
Additional Online Media:

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