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Gifford Family and Homes

Collection Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Extent:
(copy prints)
Container:
Box 2 (pam), Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1960s-circa 1970s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-giffsanf-ref37

The Christian home in Victorian America, 1840-1900 / Colleen McDannell

Author:
McDannell, Colleen  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 193 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
C1986
19th century
Topic:
Families--Religious life--History  Search this
Religion  Search this
Call number:
BV4526.2.M37 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_322937

Nathaniel Greene Wilcox Collection

Topic:
Rushville Times (newspaper)
Collector:
Domestic Life, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Wilcox, Nathaniel Greene, Colonel  Search this
Domestic Life, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (2 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Legal documents
Clippings
Place:
Illinois -- 19th century
Date:
ca. 1843-1892; 1921.
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence with Nathaniel Greene Wilcox family; legal documents; newspaper clippings, including the July 3, 1860 issue of THE RUSHVILLE TIMES, illustrated with articles and editorials about the 1860 presidential candidates.
Arrangement:
Divided into three series: (1) Correspondence; (2) Legal documents; (3) Newspaper clippings.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilcox was a colonel in the Army, residing in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Electioneering -- 1869-1970  Search this
Presidential candidates -- 1860-1870  Search this
Family -- 1840-1900  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 19th century
Legal documents -- 19th century
Clippings -- 19th century
Citation:
Nathaniel Greene Wilcox Collection, ca. 1843-1921, Archives Center.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0030
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0030

Grandpapa's Pet

Artist:
Richard, John H.  Search this
Lithographer:
Duval, Peter S.  Search this
Physical Description:
lithotint (image production method/technique)
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 6 in x 4 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 11.43 cm
overall: 9 1/2 in x 6 in; 24.13 cm x 15.24 cm
Object Name:
lithotint
Object Type:
Lithotint
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1843
Subject:
Children  Search this
Furnishings  Search this
Costume  Search this
Pets  Search this
Dogs  Search this
Related Publication:
Peters, Harry T.. America on Stone
Miss Leslie's Magazine
Marzio, Peter. Democratic Art: An Exhibition on the History of Chromolithography in America 1840-1900
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL.60.2226
Catalog number:
60.2226
Accession number:
228146
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Peters Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_324573

Paintbrush for hire : the travels of James and Emma Cameron, 1840-1900 / Frederick C. Moffatt

Author:
Moffatt, Frederick C.  Search this
Subject:
Cameron, James 1817-1882  Search this
Cameron, Emma 1825-1907  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 367 pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1097029

Daguerre's American legacy : photographic portraits (1840-1900) from the Wm. B. Becker collection / François Brunet and Wm. B. Becker

Author:
Brunet, François 1960-  Search this
Becker, Wm. B (William B.)  Search this
Author:
Maison Daguerre  Search this
Musée Gatien-Bonnet  Search this
Subject:
Becker, Wm. B (William B.) Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
327 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
©2013
19th century
Topic:
Daguerreotype--History  Search this
Daguerreotypists--History  Search this
Photography--History  Search this
Call number:
TR365 .B78 2013
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1055831

Family and society in American history / edited by Joseph M. Hawes and Elizabeth I. Nybakken

Author:
Hawes, Joseph M  Search this
Nybakken, Elizabeth I  Search this
Physical description:
x, 342 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Families--History  Search this
Domestic relations--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_682243

Artwork

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Coulton, 1896-1973  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1840-1880s
Scope and Contents:
Found are artworks including a sketchbook, loose sketches and drawings, a self-portrait, and albums containing sketches and drawings.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers, 1751-1974, bulk 1838-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.waugwaug, Subseries 3.7
See more items in:
Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-waugwaug-ref151

Sanford Robinson Gifford papers

Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Sanford Robinson Gifford, date from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s. The bulk of the papers fall between 1855-1881; material from the circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints for which the Archives does not have the originals. The small collection measures 0.9 linear feet of scattered documentation of Gifford's life, primarily extensive biographical accounts of his travels in the mid 1850s and late 1860s in the form of bound letters to his father. These serve as detailed journals of his impressions of Europe and the Middle East, the development of his painting, and his relationships with other artists such as Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge. The collection also contains sketches by Gifford, printed material including catalogs of Gifford's paintings, and photographs of Gifford and others.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection dates from the 1840s through 1900, and circa 1960s-1970s with the bulk of the material falling between 1855-1881. Material from circa 1960s-1970s consists of photographic copy prints of original photographs from the mid to late 1800s for which the Archives does not own the originals. The papers measure 0.9 linear feet and provide detailed documentation of the life of Hudson River School landscape painter, Sanford Robinson Gifford, during the mid 1850s and late 1860s. The papers contain extensive accounts of Gifford's travels in 3 bound volumes of typewritten letters from Gifford to his father. These letters serve as travel journals and provide extensive and vivid descriptions of Gifford's work and experiences in Europe and the Middle East, and document his relationships with a variety of other artists, including Alfred Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge, during this period.

Additional records provide scattered documenation of other periods of Gifford's life. Letters refer to his travels in the American west and his Civil War service and its effect on his painting. Printed material includes clippings and exhibition catalogs, and includes a catalogue of his paintings published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1881. Artwork by Gifford includes sketches by the artist and prints, engravings and paintings by various others. Original photographs date from 1856-1900 and include images of Gifford during the Civil War. Copyprints for which the Archives does not own the originals date from the circa 1960s-1970s and include two images of a family home in Hudson, New York, where Gifford had a studio in the mid 1860s, a portrait photograph of Gifford, and an image of Gifford on the Hayden expedition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series:

Series 1: Letters, 1855-1874 (Box 1; 3 volumes, 1 folder)

Series 2: Printed Material, circa 1850s-1881 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1840s-circa 1870s (Box 2, OV 3; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs and Copy Prints, 1856-circa 1900, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 2, 5, OV 4; 11 folders)
Biographical Note:
Sanford Robinson Gifford was born in Greenfield, New York, in 1823. He attended Brown University from 1842-1844 and moved to New York City in 1845 where he studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorist and drawing-master, John R. Smith. He also studied the human figure in anatomy classes at the Crosby Street Medical college and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. In 1846 he visited the Berkshire Hills and the Catskill Mountains, sketching from nature. "These studies," he wrote to O. B. Frothingham in 1874, "together with the great admiration I felt for the works of Cole developed a strong interest in landscape art, and opened my eyes to a keener perception and more intelligent enjoyment of nature. Having once enjoyed the absolute freedom of the landscape painters life I was unable to return to portrait painting."

The American Art Union bought and showed some of Gifford's first pictures in 1847. In 1851 he was elected an associate, and in 1854 an academician, of the National Academy of Design.

Gifford traveled widely to sketch landscapes for future paintings, recording his experiences in letters to his father which he intended would "serve the double purpose of letter and journal, and be an economy of time." He requested that his father number the letters sequentially and keep them together.

In the summer of 1855 Gifford visited England, Scotland and Paris, where he spent the winter of 1855 transforming his English and Scottish sketches into paintings. In the fall of 1856 he rented a studio in Rome and, over the course of the winter, painted pictures that reportedly pleased him "pretty well," including Lake Nemi. During the spring of 1857, Gifford spent time with fellow artists Worthington Whittredge, William H. Beard and Albert Bierstadt before leaving Rome in May with Bierstadt for a walking tour of southern Italy, where they planned to reconnect with Whittredge and Beard. Gifford ended his European tour with a visits to Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Dresden, Berlin and Paris, before returning to the United States at the end of the summer.

On his return Gifford rented studio Number 19 in the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City, which he retained until his death. Over the next few years he also made frequent summer trips to various northeastern locales including the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Green Mountains in Vermont, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, Maine and Nova Scotia.

Gifford served in New York's Seventh Regiment when it marched to the defense of Washington in April 1861, and again in 1862 and 1863. Several paintings resulted from this experience, including Sunday Morning at Camp Cameron (1861), Bivouac of the Seventh Regiment at Arlington Heights, Virginia (1861) and Camp of the Seventh Regiment, near Frederick, Maryland, in July 1863 (1864).

In 1868 Gifford returned to Europe, again visiting London and Paris, where he met with friends Jervis McEntee and his wife. He then spent the summer visiting the Alps and Sicily before wintering in Rome. In 1869 he traveled to Egypt where he and a small party hired a boat to take them on a two-month voyage from Cairo down the Nile River. Subsequently, Gifford traveled to the Middle East with Alfred Craven via the Suez Canal, where his itinerary included Syria, Jerusalem, Samaria, Damascus, Greece and Turkey. Gifford arrived in Venice in June 1869 and sailed for the United States at the beginning of September.

In 1870 Gifford visited Colorado with Worthington Whittredge and John Frederick Kensett, and accompanied a United States Geological party under Dr. Hayden in the exploration of Wyoming, Utah, and the Colorado Territories. In the summer of 1873 he visited California, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska.

Gifford married in 1877 but in 1880 became ill and died of malarial fever and pneumonia at the age of 58. That same year he was honored with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's first monographic retrospective and a memorial catalogue of his known pictures.
Related Material:
Five sketchbooks were loaned by Vassar College in 1966 and the originals were returned to the donor after microfilming on reel D254.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels D254 and 688) including twenty-one sketchbooks, photographs, passports and certificates, an 1888 European travel diary of Mary Louise Willard, wife of Gifford's nephew, Harold, and a 1966 letter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Edith Wilkinson first donated the Sanford Robinson Gifford papers in 1955 and 1957. James C. Gifford donated copy prints of photographs in 1964. Five sketchbooks were lent for microfilming by the Vassar College Art Library in 1966 and George and Frances Gifford Cummings donated additional material in 1973. In 1974, sixteen sketchbooks, photographs, and other materials were lent for microfilming by Dr. Sanford Gifford, Gifford's great-nephew.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-giffsanf
Additional Online Media:

Letters

Collection Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Extent:
(Box 1; 3 volumes, 1 folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1855-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Letters include three bound volumes, entitled "European Letters," of 63 typed letters written by Gifford to his father during his travels in Europe and the Middle East in 1855-1857 and 1868-1869. The letters, which provide rich, vivid, and detailed descriptions of Gifford's travels, were numbered sequentially, probably by Gifford's father at his son's request. Some are interspersed with small sketches and handwritten corrections.

Letters in Volume I describe Gifford's Atlantic crossing in the summer of 1855 and his travels to England, Scotland and Paris. The letters record his impressions of many of the principal collections of art in the United Kingdom, both public and private, and document his visits to Parisian museums, as well as excursions he took in the vicinity of the French capital.

Volume II documents spring, 1856, in Paris, Gifford's subsequent travels to the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and Italy, and the fall and winter spent in Rome. He writes of time spent with Worthington Whittredge, William H. Beard and Albert Bierstadt, and his spring, 1857, tour of southern Italy with Bierstadt. Also documented are his visits to Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, Prague, Dresden, Berlin, and Paris.

Volume III records another Atlantic voyage and Gifford's return to London and Paris in June 1868, his meeting with Jervis McEntee and his wife, trips to Italy, Mont Blanc and the Alps, and his winter in Rome. It also describes his travels in Egypt in 1869, his trip down the Nile and to the Middle East, and a visit to Venice.

Volume III concludes with a typed extract of a letter written by Gifford to Richard Butler describing his travels, that was apparently published in the New York Evening Post.

Loose letters include two from Gifford to his sister, Molly, written from Europe in July 1856 and February 1869. A letter to friends in Rome, dated July 1869, describes his visit to Cairo and his cruise down the Nile. In a November 1874 letter to to O. B. Frothingham, "in answer to your inquiries," Gifford discusses his family history, his education, his art training, and his extensive travels in Europe including touring Italy with Albert Bierstadt, visiting the American west with Worthington Whittredge, and traveling in Egypt. The letter also mentions his service during the Civil War and the paintings it inspired.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf, Series 1
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-giffsanf-ref15

Photographs and Copy Prints

Collection Creator:
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Extent:
(Box 2, 5, OV 4; 11 folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1856-1900; circa 1960s-1970s
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the photographs date from the mid-1850s through the 1870s and 1900. Copy prints for which the Archives does not own the originals date from circa 1960s-1970s and were printed from orginal photographs dating from the 1860s and 1870s. Photographs of Gifford during the Civil War depict the artist in civil war uniform and with unidentified members of the Seventh New York Regiment. Pictures of the Gifford family and homes include copy prints of the exterior and interior home of Elihu and Eliza Starbuck Gifford in Hudson, New York, just after the Civil War, where Sanford Gifford had a studio. There is also a copy print of Arthur, Malcolm and Paul Gifford, sons of James Gifford and grandsons of Elihu and Eliza Starbuck Gifford.

Photographs of Ute and Shoshone Indians are displayed on photo cards from Denver and Salt Lake City studios. Two photographs of Mont Cervin include one with a pencil sketch of the mountain by Gifford on the back. There are also photographs of unidentified individuals taken abroad in Greece, the Middle East, and Jamaica.

Photographs of artwork include a copy print of a Gifford self-portrait executed in 1853, a photograph of an unidentified painting, and a photograph of an unidentified sculpture. Also included are 2 negatives and four copy prints of a "Skeleton Study" by an unidentified artist, possibly Gifford, found in Series 3: Artwork.

Oversized photographs picture San Giorgio (including a negative), two boats, the Washington monument, and an unidentified sculpture, respectively.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Sanford Robinson Gifford papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.giffsanf, Series 4
See more items in:
Sanford Robinson Gifford papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-giffsanf-ref34

The Awlad Rabih : 22 April 1900-23 August 1901

Author:
Lavers, John E  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Rabih Ibn Fadl Allah son of Sultan Rabih d. 1901  Search this
Rabih Sultan -1900  Search this
Rabih Sultan d. 1900 Family  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Dikwa (Nigeria)
Date:
1994
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
CB3 .P142
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_915581

Thomas Ustick Walter papers, 1829-1887

Creator:
Walter, Thomas Ustick, 1804-1887  Search this
Subject:
Girard College  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architects  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13454
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213066
AAA_collcode_waltthom
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213066

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