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Photographs of Polar Eskimos of Greenland

Creator:
Stein, Robert Dr.  Search this
Extent:
35 prints
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
prints
Date:
1897
Biographical / Historical:
See 19th Annual Report, Bureau of American Ethnology, page xviii, which states that Stein was attached to Peary's Arctic expedition for the purpose of exploring the coast of western Greenland, August 10- September 1, 1897.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4686
Local Note:
Prints made 1964 from old, curling negatives, which were then discarded. Negatives were in old envelopes marked, "Dr Stein, Greenland." One was marked 1897.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Greenland  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4686, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4686
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4686

Greenland

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Container:
Reel 5187, Frame 115-768
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1928-1939, undated
Scope and Contents note:
(correspondence with Arthur Allen (owner of boat Direction) about crew and plans for 1929 trip to Greenland, securing permission from Danish government, procuring supplies; wrect of Direction; plans for subsequent trips in 1931 and 1934, with invoices and permission applications; news clippings and miscellaneous printed matter; lists of supplies and Eskimo vocabulary words; correspondence about death of Salamina; telegrams bwetween Greenland and Arizona concerning Frances's accident and recuperation in a sanatarium; requests from others for information and advice on Greenland exploration; lists, maps, miscellaneous printed matter, and writings; see also: Allen, Arthur S. and Family; and Daugaard-Jensen)
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Rockwell Kent papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref1646

MS 361 Greenland vocabulary

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
5 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 361
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 361, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS361
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms361

MS 364 Greenlandic Eskimo vocabulary

Collector:
Roehrig, F. L. O. (Frederic Louis Otto), 1819-1908  Search this
Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Fabricius, Otto, 1744-1822  Search this
Extent:
10 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
February 10, 1869
Scope and Contents:
Alphabet, i.e. Danish pronunciation. This is accompanied by a copy by George Gibbs, 6 pages. Contains 144 terms.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 364
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 364, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS364
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms364

MS 1918 The Greenlandic Eskimo: Pastor Fredericksen's Researches

Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
4 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Carbon Copy.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1918
Citation:
Manuscript 1918, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1918
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1918

MS 370 Hans Egedes' vocabulary of the Language of Greenland

Collector:
Straznicky, E. R. (Edward R.)  Search this
Creator:
Egede, Hans, 1686-1758  Search this
Extent:
3 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
March 1, 1857
Scope and Contents:
A copy of Egede's vocabulary from page 168 of "A Description of Greenland." Also a letter from Mr. Straznicky to George Gibbs forwarding the vocabulary and d explaining why he did not copy another vocabulary.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 370
General:
Previously titled "Letter signed by Mr Strazincky."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 370, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS370
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms370

Paul and Astrid Oscanyan photograph collection relating to Iceland and Greenland

Collector:
Oscanyan, Paul  Search this
Oscanyan, Astrid  Search this
Names:
Jón Helgason, 1866-1942 (author)  Search this
Artist:
Petersen, Emanuel A. (Emanuel Aage), 1894-1948  Search this
Extent:
10 prints (silver gelatin)
1 Volume
6 colored prints
7 prints (color halftone)
Culture:
Inuit  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
prints
Volumes
colored prints
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Greenland
Reykjavík (Iceland)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Collection of photographs made or collected by Paul and Astric Oscanyan relating to Iceland and Greenland. They include Jon Helgason's work on Reykjavik between 1786 and 1936, with photographic plates and copies of drawings; reproductions of paintings by Emanuel A. Petersen of Eskimo or Inuit settlements and boats on or near the coast of Greenland; and photographs of Greenland, possibly made or collected by Paul Oscanyan during the Michigan Greenland Expeditions. One photograph mount has a handwritten letter on its verso, from November 1939.
Biographical/Historical note:
Paul Oscanyan was a member of the University of Michigan Greenland Expeditions in 1927-1928.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-2, USNM ACC 356736
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artifacts donated by the Oscanyans can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accession 356736.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dogsledding  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-2, Paul and Astrid Oscanyan photograph collection relating to Iceland and Greenland, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-2
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-2

MS 362 Greenlandic Eskimo vocabulary in Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary schedule

Collector:
Roehrig, F. L. O. (Frederic Louis Otto), 1819-1908  Search this
Extent:
10 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
January 21, 1869
Scope and Contents:
Contains 136 terms.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 362
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 362, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS362
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms362

MS 2092 Eskimo Diary by Haserak

Creator:
Haserak  Search this
Translator:
Rink, Signe  Search this
Extent:
50 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Inuit--Greenland  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Journals (accounts)
Date:
circa 1898
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2092
Topic:
Diaries -- Haserak  Search this
Genre/Form:
Journals (accounts)
Citation:
Manuscript 2092, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2092
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2092

Eskimos: Greenland

Collection Creator:
The Arctic Circle (Gallery: Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Collection Source:
Witt, Ellen, 1917-2007  Search this
Witt, Bert  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 37
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
The Arctic Circle records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-004-ref114

MS 365 Grammar of the Karaleet or Greenlandic branch of the Orarian stock

Collector:
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Extent:
40 pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 365
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 365, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS365
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms365

Operational navigation chart ONC-D15 (Canada/Greenland)

Collection Creator:
Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011  Search this
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
ESC.02.02
Series Restrictions:
Use of archival sound recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2017-27-ref187

Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum (Hagerup) Böcher

Min. Elevation:
Search this
Biogeographical Region:
70 - Subarctic America  Search this
Collector:
T. Sorensen  Search this
Place:
Scoresbysund: Sydkap-Øen. Heath near the ancient Eskimo houses., Greenland, North America
Collection Date:
15 Aug 1937
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Ericales Empetraceae
Published Name:
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum (Hagerup) Böcher
Barcode:
03341917
USNM Number:
2125896
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14849939

MS 2535 Statistics and notes on population of various sections of North America

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
23 Envelopes
Culture:
Eskimo -- population  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Envelopes
Place:
Canada -- British Columbia -- population
Greenland -- population
California -- population
Texas -- population
Arizona -- population
Pennsylvania -- population
Alaska -- population
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Catalog Number 2535: Contents: 1. Bibliography. 2. British Columbia and Vancouver Island. 3. California. 4. California. 5. Canada, Central. 6. Canada, Central, Greenland. 7. Canada, East, Greenland. 8. Causes of Decline. 9. Central States. 10. Columbia Region. 11. General Population. 12. General Population. 13. Gulf States. 14. Lower Plains (Texas.) 15. New England. 16. New England (copy) 17. New Mexico and Arizona. 18. New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 19. New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 20. South Atlantic. 21. South Atlantic. 22. Upper Plains. 23. Alaska and Eskimo. 24. New Brunswick. "New Brunswick" added as number 22 on this list by J. N. B. Hewitt, July, 1933. Should have been number 24. Some related correspondence included.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2535
Local Note:
See also Manuscript Alaska 1974.
autograph, typed and manuscript document
Topic:
population -- North America  Search this
New Mexico -- population  Search this
New York (State) -- population  Search this
New Jersey -- population  Search this
Canada -- New Brunswick -- population  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2535, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2535
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2535

Album of photographs and sketches relating to arctic voyages

Collector:
Cox, Robert S.  Search this
Extent:
7 drawings (pencil on paper)
0.21 Linear Feet (1 box)
113 Photographic Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Inuit (Canadian Eskimo)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
drawings
Photographic Prints
Photographs -- 1900-1920
Place:
Greenland
Baffin Island (Canada)
Pond Inlet (Inuit Community)
Date:
1908-1917
Scope and Contents:
Album of photographs and sketches relating to voyages, primarily in the arctic. Includes photographs from the steamer Neptune's 1917 rescue of Donald MacMillan and other members of the Crocker Land Relief Expedition, as well as the Northern Ventures Expedition, ca 1912. Photographs depict Inuit men, women, and children from Greenland and Baffin Island, sailors, sea ice, arctic and marine mammals, and walrus and narwhal ivory. Sketches are portraits, most likely of other sailors or expedition members.
Provenance:
The Album was donated by Benton and Elizabeth Cox Leach in 2015.
Topic:
Crocker Land Expedition (1913-1917)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1920
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2016-09
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2016-09

Steffanson, Vilhjalmar

Collection Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Container:
Reel 5237, Frame 901-1154
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1933-1958
Scope and Contents note:
(correspondence about the image of Greenland in movies, aviation conditions, Kent's plans for a trip to Greenland, Explorers' Club, Kent's post office mural with controversial inscription, Steffanson's writings, Eskimo language, Gordon Kent in Greenland, donation of Steffanson's library to Dartmouth College)
Collection Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not microfilmed or digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Rockwell Kent papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kentrock-ref3640

Some investigations into the physiology and nosology of Eskimos from Angmagssalik in Greenland; a preliminary statement, by Arne Høygaard

Author:
Høygaard, Arne 1906-  Search this
Norges Svalbard- og Ishavs-under-søkelser  Search this
Physical description:
14 p. illus. (incl. map) 27cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1937
Topic:
Eskimos  Search this
Metabolism  Search this
Call number:
E99.E7 H86 1937
E99.E7H86 1937
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_362868

Edmund Snow Carpenter papers

Creator:
Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011  Search this
Names:
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Flaherty, Robert Joseph, 1884-1951  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
McLuhan, Marshall, 1911-1980  Search this
Schuster, Carl, 1904-1969  Search this
Extent:
26.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Iglulik Eskimos  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Inuit--Canada  Search this
Inuit--Greenland  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Canada
Greenland
New Guinea (Territory)
Papua New Guinea
Date:
circa 1938-2011
Summary:
Edmund Snow Carpenter (1922-2011) was an archaeologist and visual anthropologist who worked extensively with the indigenous peoples of the Canadian Arctic as well as Papua New Guinea. With his colleague and close collaborator Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), he laid the groundwork for modern media theory. Carpenter is also known for his work as an ethnographic filmmaker and as a collector of Paleo-Eskimo art. The Papers of Edmund Carpenter, circa 1938-2011, document the research interests and projects undertaken by Carpenter in the fields of cultural anthropology, ethnographic filmmaking, media theory, archaeology, and indigenous art.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Edmund Carpenter, 1940-2011, document the research interests and projects undertaken by Carpenter in the fields of cultural anthropology, ethnographic filmmaking, media theory, archaeology, and indigenous art. Specific research projects and interests documented are: his 1950s fieldwork among the Aivilik Inuit in the Canadian Arctic as well as his studies into Inuit concepts of space, time, and geography; his partnership and collaboration with media theorist Marshall McLuhan and his ethnographic studies of Papua New Guinean tribal communities; his early-career archaeological digs at Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) burial mounds in Sugar Run, Pennsylvania, as well as later archaeological interest in Arctic peoples, Siberia, and the Norwegian artifact dubbed the "Norse Penny"; his reflections on the disciplines of anthropology and media studies; his editing and completion of the work of art historian Carl Schuster at the Museum der Kulturen (Museum of Ethnology) in Basel, Switzerland; his editing of The Story of Comock the Eskimo, as told to Robert Flaherty; and his museum exhibitions compiled on the topics of surrealist and tribal art. The collection also documents Carpenter's correspondence with fellow scholars, ethnographers, filmmakers, and colleagues; his published writings; and elements of his personal life, such as obituaries and personal photographs.

Materials in this collection include artifact and burial records; correspondence; drawings and illustrations; essays; interviews and oral histories; inventories and catalogues; manuscripts and drafts, and fragments of drafts; maps; memoranda and meeting minutes; notes, notebooks, and data analysis; obituaries and memorials; photographic prints, slides, and negatives, including personal photographs and portraits; proposals and plans for museum exhibits; reports; resumes and bibliographies; reviews; and sound recordings on CD-Rs and audio cassettes. Additional materials include books and book chapters; journal copies and journal excerpts; magazine, newspaper, and article clippings and excerpts; museum and gallery catalogues, brochures, and guides; pamphlets; and reprints. A portion of the material collected here consist of consolidated research into specific topics, gathered from archival repositories, museums, correspondence, and published works. This material consists of research reprints and archival reference photocopies and photographic prints from various repositories.

Items worthy of special mention in this collection include: annotated draft chapters from Marshall McLuhan's seminal work on media theory, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (Series 2); a 1957 letter from e. e. cummings to Carpenter, written in verse (Series 3); an undated thank-you note addressed to "Sadie" from Helen Keller (Series 3); and a transcript of an interview of Carpenter by his former student, Harald Prins (Series 2).

Audiovisual material in this collection is currently undergoing processing.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into the following 7 series:

Series 1. Fieldwork and drafts, 1940-2011 (bulk 1940-1959)

Series 2. Research and project files, 1940-2011

Series 3. Correspondence, circa 1938-2011

Series 4. Publications and lectures, circa 1942-circa 2006

Series 5. Personal, 1942-2011

Series 6. Film and visual material (in-process)

Series 7. Writings by others, 1960-2009, undated
Biographical Note:
Edmund Snow Carpenter (1922-2011) was an archaeologist and visual anthropologist who worked extensively with the indigenous peoples of the Canadian Arctic and Papua New Guinea. With his colleague and close collaborator Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), he laid the groundwork for modern media theory. Carpenter is also known for his work as an ethnographic filmmaker and as a collector of Paleo-Eskimo art.

Born in 1922 in Rochester, New York, Edmund (nicknamed "Ted") Carpenter served in the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II before receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1950 under Frank Speck for work on Iroquoian prehistoric archaeology. Carpenter began teaching at the University of Toronto in 1948 while simultaneously working as a programmer for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). In the 1950s, he undertook fieldwork in the Canadian Arctic among the Aivilik (an Inuit Igloolik subgroup). This fieldwork resulted in several publications in the field of cultural anthropology, including Time/Space Concepts of the Aivilik (1955), Anerca (1959), and Eskimo (1959, republished as Eskimo Realities in 1973).

Also in the 1950s, Carpenter began a working relationship with media theorist Marshall McLuhan. Together, they received a Ford Foundation grant (1953-1955) for an interdisciplinary media research project into the impact of mass communications and mass media on culture change. Carpenter and McLuhan's partnership resulted in the Seminar on Culture and Communication (1953-1959) and the journal series Explorations. In 1957, Carpenter was the founding chair in the interdisciplinary program "Anthropology and Art" at San Fernando Valley State College (now California State University, Northridge). There, he collaborated with Bess Lomax Hawes and other colleagues in the production of several ethnographic films, including Georgia Sea Island Singers about Gullah (or Geechee) songs and dances. During this period, Carpenter worked with McLuhan on the latter's seminal book Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964). The article published as "Fashion is Language" in Harper's Bazaar under McLuhan's name (1968) was actually written by Carpenter. It was later published in book form under Carpenter's name, with the title They Became What They Beheld (1970).

In 1969, Carpenter took a research professorship at the University of Papua and New Guinea sponsored by the government of Australia. Alongside photographer Adelaide De Menil (whom he would later marry), he applied many of the ideas about media literacy and culture change to indigenous communities of Papua New Guinea. These activities led to developments in the field of media ecology, as well as the publication of Carpenter's best-known work, Oh, What a Blow the Phantom Gave Me! (1976).

Carpenter taught intermittently at various universities throughout his career, including Fordham University, the University of California-Santa Cruz, Adelphi University, Harvard University's Center for Visual Anthropology, the New School for Social Research, and New York University. He spent eight years associated with the Museum of Ethnology in Basel, Switzerland (1973-1981), editing art historian Carl Schuster's research.

In addition to his teaching and research, Carpenter, with his wife Adelaide De Menil, collected tribal art, eventually amassing the largest private collection of Paleo-Eskimo art in the United States. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Carpenter curated various exhibitions on art and visual culture, including the Menil Collection's Witness to a Surrealist Vision and the Musée du Quai Branly's Upside Down (later reconstructed at the Menil Collection). In later years, Carpenter resumed his archaeological interest in Arctic peoples, researching and collaborating on the Zhokhov Island Mesolithic site in the Russian Arctic with Russian scientists from the Institute for the History of Material Culture and archaeologists from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History.

Carpenter died on July 1, 2011 at his home in New York.

Sources consulted:

"Edmund Snow Carpenter." https://edmundsnowcarpenter.com/about

Grimes, William. "Edmund Carpenter, Archaeologist and Anthropologist, Dies at 88." The New York Times. 2011 July 7. https://www.nytimes.com

Prins, Harald E. L. and John Bishop. "Edmund Carpenter: Explorations in Media and Anthropology." Visual Anthropology Review 17:2 (Fall-Winter 2001-2002): 110-140.

Chronology

1922 September 2 -- Born in Rochester, New York

circa 1940-1941 -- Archaeological field work, Sugar Run mounds, Pennsylvania

1942-1946 -- Served in the United States Marine Corps

1948-1957 -- Anthropology Department, University of Toronto

circa 1950 -- Began work for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)

1950 -- Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania (Anthropology)

1950s -- Fieldwork among the Aivilik Inuit

1953-1959 -- Ran the Seminar on Culture and Communication with Marshall McLuhan

1957-1967 -- "Anthropology and Art" program at San Fernando Valley State College (California State University, Northridge)

1967-1968 -- Schwitzer Chair, Fordham University (with Marshall McLuhan)

1968-1969 -- Carnegie Chair in Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz

1969-1970 -- Research Professor, University of Papua and New Guinea

1973-1981 -- Associated with the Museum of Ethnology in Basel, Switzerland for Carl Schuster papers project

circa 1989-2005 -- Collaboration regarding Zhokov Island archaeological site

2011 July 1 -- Died in East Hampton, New York
Separated Materials:
Film and video recordings are retained by the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA) as the Edmund Carpenter-Adelaide de Menil Collection (HSFA 2004-04). Once processing is complete, they will be described in the following finding aid in Series 6.
Provenance:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in 2017 by Adelaide de Menil on behalf of the Rock Foundation.
Restrictions:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.

Digital media in the collection is restricted for preservation reasons.

Access to the Edmund Snow Carpenter papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Ethnographic films  Search this
Indigenous art  Search this
Inuit art  Search this
Menil Collection (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Paleo-Eskimos  Search this
Visual anthropology  Search this
Citation:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2017-27
See more items in:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2017-27

Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat  Search this
Tutchone Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tanana Indians  Search this
Kawchottine Indians  Search this
Ahtna Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Athapaskan -- Northern  Search this
Chugach Eskimos -- Archaeology  Search this
Eskimos -- Greenland  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak Indians  Search this
Hare Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ingalik Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Additional Online Media:

Willie Knutsen photographs of caches and a grave in Nunavut

Creator:
Knutsen, Willie, d. 1992  Search this
Extent:
Film roll : (35 mm)
Culture:
Inuit  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Nunavut
Date:
circa 1940-1948
Scope and Contents note:
Images of caches and an Inuit grave near Iqaluit, Baffin Island, Nunavut.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willie Knutsen (circa 1912-1992) was born in Brooklyn but grew up in Oslo, Norway. In 1936, he started a career as arctic explorer and leader of scientific enterprises. Highlights of Knutson's work include the Norwegian-French Germania Land Expedition of 1938-1939 and his discovery and initial excavation of archeological sites in Greenland. One of the sites discovered by Knutsen on the Silvia Grinnell River was later excavated by Henry Bascom Collins.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2005-13, USNM ACC 183098
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Willie Knutsen photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24 and the Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. papers.
Artifacts donated by Knutsen held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 183098.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2005-13, Willie Knutsen photographs of caches and a grave in Nunavut, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2005-13
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2005-13

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