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Records of the Field Offices for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872

Extent:
34 Reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1865–1872
Summary:
This collection is comprised of digital surrogates previously available on the 34 rolls of microfilm described in the NARA publication M1900. These digital surrogates reproduced the records of the Alabama Office of the Assistant Commissioner, his staff offices, and subordinate field offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872. These records consist of bound volumes and unbound records, containing materials that include letters and endorsements sent and received, monthly reports, applications of freedmen for rations, and other records relating to freedmen's claims and homesteads.
Records Description:
The volumes reproduced in this microfilm publication were originally arranged by type of record and thereunder by volume number. No numbers were assigned to series consisting of single volumes. Years later, all volumes were arbitrarily assigned numbers by the Adjutant General's Office (AGO) of the War Department after the records came into its custody. In this microfilm publication, AGO numbers are shown in parentheses to aid in identifying the volumes. The National Archives assigned the volume numbers that are not in parentheses. In some volumes, particularly in indexes and alphabetical headings of registers, there are a number of blank numbered pages that have not been filmed.

The volumes consist of letters and endorsements sent and received, press copies of letters sent, registers of letters received, fair copies of letters received, letters and orders received, registers of freedmen issued rations, special orders and circulars issued, registers of bounty claimants, reports, registers of contracts, registers of complaints, registers of patients, registers of disbursements, account books, miscellaneous records, and monthly reports forwarded to the Assistant Commissioner. The unbound documents consist of letters sent and received and endorsements sent, reports, applications for relief, labor contracts, rosters of officers and employees, court records, special and general orders and circulars received, and miscellaneous records. The unbound records also contain monthly reports; oaths of office; applications of freedmen for rations; and records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads.

From June 1866 to January 1868, Assistant Commissioner Swayne also served as the military commander of Alabama. He therefore created and received records in both capacities. The dual function of the Assistant Commissioner resulted in a succession of changes in the official headings used on correspondence and issuances. The title "Office of the Assistant Commissioner" was changed in June 1866 to "Headquarters, District of Alabama," and in August 1866 to "Headquarters, Subdistrict of Alabama." The heading "District of Alabama" was used again from March 1867 until superseded by "State of Alabama" in February 1868. The dual function of the office is also reflected in the recordkeeping practices for that period. Although the Assistant Commissioner generally maintained separate records for each of his capacities, in the case of letters and endorsements sent the records were frequently combined. Wherever they were separable, the records created by the Assistant Commissioner in his military capacity were placed with the Records of United States Army Continental Commands, 1821–1920, RG 393.
Historical Note:
[The following is reproduced from the original NARA descriptive pamphlet for M1900.]

HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, also known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in the War Department by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 507). The life of the Bureau was extended twice by acts of July 16, 1866 (14 Stat. 173), and July 6, 1868 (15 Stat. 83). The Bureau was responsible for the supervision and management of all matters relating to refugees and freedmen, and of lands abandoned or seized during the Civil War. In May 1865, President Andrew Johnson appointed Maj. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard as Commissioner of the Bureau, and Howard served in that position until June 30, 1872, when activities of the Bureau were terminated in accordance with an act of June 10, 1872 (17 Stat. 366). While a major part of the Bureau's early activities involved the supervision of abandoned and confiscated property, its mission was to provide relief and help freedmen become self–sufficient. Bureau officials issued rations and clothing, operated hospitals and refugee camps, and supervised labor contracts. In addition, the Bureau managed apprenticeship disputes and complaints, assisted benevolent societies in the establishment of schools, helped freedmen in legalizing marriages entered into during slavery, and provided transportation to refugees and freedmen who were attempting to reunite with their family or relocate to other parts of the country. The Bureau also helped black soldiers, sailors, and their heirs collect bounty claims, pensions, and back pay.

The act of March 3, 1865, authorized the appointment of Assistant Commissioners to aid the Commissioner in supervising the work of the Bureau in the former Confederate states, the border states, and the District of Columbia. In Alabama, operations began in July 1865 when Brig. Gen. Wager Swayne took command as Assistant Commissioner. Bvt. Brig. Julius Hayden succeeded Swayne and served from January to March 1868. Col. Oliver L. Shepherd served from March to August 1868, and Col. T. H. Ruger held the position of Assistant Commissioner for only a few days in August before the arrival of Bvt. Lt. Col. Edwin Beecher later in that month. In January 1869, in accordance with an act of July 25, 1868 (15 Stat. 193), Bureau operations in Alabama were terminated except for the educational functions and the collection of claims. Colonel Beecher remained in Alabama as superintendent of education and held that position until the office was closed in July 1870. The majority of Bureau officers and agents in Alabama were active duty military officers, and for the first two years of the Bureau's existence in Alabama, the agency doubled as the military command for the district. Brig. Gen. Swayne, for example, served as Assistant Commissioner and District Military Commander for Alabama from 1866 to 1868. As a consequence of the wide use of military officers to staff the Bureau, the agency constantly struggled with issues of continuity as well as a lack of personnel to staff the various field offices. At one point at the end of 1866, the Bureau could only staff eight stations in Alabama due to a critical shortage of qualified personnel.

While the work performed by Assistant Commissioners in each state was similar, the organizational structure of staff officers varied from state to state. At various times, the staff could consist of a superintendent of education, an assistant adjutant general, an assistant inspector general, a disbursing officer, a chief medical officer, a chief quartermaster, and a commissary of subsistence. Subordinate to these officers were the assistant superintendents, or subassistant commissioners as they later became known, who commanded the subdistricts. The major subordinate field offices for the Bureau at Alabama included headquarters at Demopolis, Eufaula, Garland, Greenville, Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Opelika, Selma, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, and Tuskegee. Under the direct supervision of the subassistant commissioners were the civilian and military agents. Occasionally, the Bureau retained military officers in a civilian capacity after the termination of their military service. For a list of known Alabama subordinate field office personnel and their dates of service, see the Appendix.

The Assistant Commissioner corresponded extensively with both his superior in the Washington Bureau headquarters and his subordinate officers in the subdistricts. Based upon reports submitted to him by the subassistant commissioners and other subordinate staff officers, he prepared reports that he sent to the Commissioner concerning Bureau activities in areas under his jurisdiction. The Assistant Commissioner also received letters from freedmen, local white citizens, state officials, and other non–Bureau personnel. These letters varied in nature from complaints to applications for jobs in the Bureau. Because the assistant adjutant general handled much of the mail for the Assistant Commissioner's office, it was often addressed to him instead of to the Assistant Commissioner.

In a circular issued by Commissioner Howard in July 1865, the Assistant Commissioners were instructed to designate one officer in each state to serve as "General Superintendents of Schools." These officials were to "take cognizance of all that is being done to educate refugees and freedmen, secure proper protection to schools and teachers, promote method and efficiency, correspond with the benevolent agencies which are supplying his field, and aid the Assistant Commissioner in making his required reports." In October 1865, a degree of centralized control was established over Bureau educational activities in the states when Rev. John W. Alvord was appointed Inspector of Finances and Schools. In January 1867, Alvord was divested of his financial responsibilities, and he was appointed General Superintendent of Education.

An act of Congress, approved July 25, 1868 (15 Stat. 193), ordered that the Commissioner of the Bureau "shall, on the first day of January next, cause the said bureau to be withdrawn from the several States within which said bureau has acted and its operation shall be discontinued." Consequently, in early 1869, with the exception of the superintendents of education and the claims agents, the Assistant Commissioners and their subordinate officers were withdrawn from the states.

For the next year and a half, the Bureau continued to pursue its education work and to process claims. In the summer of 1870, the superintendents of education were withdrawn from the states, and the headquarters staff was greatly reduced. From that time until the Bureau was abolished by an act of Congress approved June 10, 1872 (17 Stat. 366), effective June 30, 1872, the Bureau's functions related almost exclusively to the disposition of claims. The Bureau's records and remaining functions were then transferred to the Freedmen's Branch in the office of the Adjutant General. The records of this branch are among the Bureau's files.

Constrained by limited resources, Southern opposition, and the politics of Reconstruction, the Bureau faced an enormous challenge in its efforts to assist the freedmen and refugees. Its relief efforts, without question, saved thousands of southerners from starvation. Its attempts to assist freedmen to become self–sufficient, to provide public education, administer justice, and, to a lesser degree, to provide land, all worked with varying degrees of success to lessen the difficulties during the transition from slavery to freedom. One of the Bureau's greatest legacies is the body of records it created and received during the course of its operations. These records are arguably some of the most important documents available for the study of the Federal Government's policies, efforts to reconstruct the South, and Southern social history and genealogy.

THE FREEDMEN'S BUREAU IN ALABAMA

The Freedmen's Bureau's major activities in Alabama generally resembled those conducted in other states. The Bureau issued rations to both freedmen and white refugees, supervised labor contracts between planters and freedmen, administered justice, worked with benevolent societies in the establishment of schools, and assisted freedmen in locating land.

Shortly after accepting the position of Assistant Commissioner in Alabama, Brig. Gen. Swayne requested permission from the Freedmen's Bureau headquarters in Washington, DC, to set aside 1,225 acres of land on the Broward Plantation near Montgomery for freedmen. The plantation had been abandoned shortly before the end of the war and was confiscated by Federal authorities. Montgomery Home Colony, established on some of this land, became the largest of several "home colonies" set aside to provide services for the freedmen. Home colonies were also established at Talladega, Mobile, Garland, Butler County, Montgomery, Selma, Demopolis, and Huntsville. The colonies were not self–sufficient communities of freedmen like those found in South Carolina or Louisiana. Instead, the colonies were distribution centers where the Bureau disseminated rations, clothes, seeds, and tools; processed claims; provided medical care; and organized services for the infirm, orphans, and the elderly. The central functions of these colonies were organized around a freedmen's hospital. The freedmen's hospital at Montgomery offered services to all races. From November 1866 to August 1867, it treated 168 refugees (whites), five of whom died. During the same period, the hospital treated 6,058 freedmen, of whom 162 died.

From 1865 to 1867, Alabama suffered repeated and massive crop failures due to drought or frost conditions. During the same period, the state was swept by a series of epidemics, with smallpox proving the most deadly disease affecting the freedmen. In addition to medical care, one of the most important duties for the Bureau in Alabama was the issuance of rations to refugees and freedmen to stave off malnutrition and starvation.

The Alabama Bureau also expended great resources and energy mitigating contract disputes between freedmen and white landowners as well as attempting to overturn draconian "black codes" enacted by the Alabama State Legislature and signed by the Governor. In his 1866 annual report to the Washington, DC, headquarters of the Bureau, Swayne complained that white landowners rampantly defrauded freedmen of benefits spelled out in their labor contracts.1 However, Swayne complained most extensively in this report about a particular set of "black codes" passed by the Legislature late in 1865 as vagrancy laws. These codes were passed shortly before Christmas after widespread complaints by white landowners that freedmen refused to work during the Christmas week. Apparently, freedmen expected to continue the tradition of time off from work at Christmas dating back to the antebellum years. Brig. Gen. Swayne charged that these laws returned freedmen to a state of slavery. First, he pointed to the authorized use of chain gangs in which freedmen worked with no compensation for even the most minor offenses. Second, the newly established probate courts often worked against freedmen. They were responsible for settling contract disputes between freedmen and white landowners. However, one component of the law passed by the Legislature stipulated that freedmen were not allowed to testify against whites or serve on juries. In cases where the courts found in favor of the white landowners, the presiding judge had the option of forcing freedmen into uncompensated labor for the white landowners or impressing freedmen's children as free laborers for the litigant. The black codes also authorized county officials to impress orphaned children as laborers on local plantations. Swayne was able to convince the Alabama Legislature to eventually overturn most of these codes. In districts where he could not force the probate courts to fairly enforce the law, he set up special freedmen's courts to hear complaints.

However, Swayne was unable to convince the Legislature to overturn provisions of the vagrancy laws that allowed widespread arrests of freedmen. The code authorized local and state law enforcement officials to summarily arrest those freedmen without contract papers who were allegedly causing "disturbances" in public places and roads. The normal punishment under this penal code was forced labor on nearby plantations. Finally, in March 1867, the Bureau saw this law overturned through the Military Reconstruction Bill for the District of Alabama (14 Stat. 429).

The Freedmen's Bureau in Alabama had a major impact in providing education for freedmen from 1866 to 1869. Due to its limited budget and resources, the Bureau was unable to directly establish and operate the great number of freedmen schools needed. However, the successive Assistant Commissioners proved very adept at finding other means for establishing these schools. They successfully implemented a three–way partnership program in which a wide variety of Northern relief societies flooded the state with resources to build schools, money for books and teachers, or volunteer members who instructed the freedmen for no fee. The freedmen were often responsible for actual maintenance of facilities as well as contributions of money and resources for upkeep of the local schools. Bureau agents oversaw the education program and provided land and protection for the schools. The results of this program were impressive. At the beginning of the school year in October 1866, there were 3,100 freedmen in classes taught by 68 teachers. By June 1867, these figures had grown to just under 10,000 students instructed by 150 teachers.

ENDNOTES

1 Annual Report of the Assistant Commissioner, Montgomery, AL, October 31, 1866, Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1870 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M809, Roll 2), Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Record Group (RG) 105, National Archives Building, Washington, DC.
Freedmen's Bureau Personnel in Alabama:
This list provides the names and dates of service of known Freedmen's Bureau personnel at selected subordinate field offices in Alabama. Additional information regarding persons assigned to various field offices might be found among the Bureau's Washington headquarters station books and rosters of military officers and civilians on duty in the states and other appointment–related records.

DEMOPOLIS

Aug.–Dec. 1865 -- Subassistant Commissioner Capt. A. C. Haltonstall

Jan. 1866–Feb. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Bvt Maj. C. W. Pierce

Feb.–May 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Lt. A. J. Bennett

June 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner C. L. Drake

July–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner R. A. Wilson

GREENVILLE

Sept.–Nov. 1865 -- Subassistant Commissioner A. L. Brown

Nov. 1865–ca. June 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner T. W. Mostyn

ca. June 1866–Feb. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. F. McGogy

Feb.–June 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner Samuel Gardner

June–Sept. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner William H. Peck

Sept.–Nov. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner Samuel Gardner

Nov.–Dec. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. A. Hart

Dec. 1867–July 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Samuel Gardner

Aug.–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. F. McGogy

HUNTSVILLE

Sept. 1865–Jan. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner T. M. Goodfellow

Jan. 1866–Jan. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. B. Callis

Jan.–Feb. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Robert Harrison

Mar.–Nov. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner D. C. Rugg

HUNTSVILLE AND ATHENS

Apr.–Sept. 1868 -- Claims Agent J. W. Wilis

Sept. 1868–Jan. 1872 -- Claims Agent John Wager

JACKSONVILLE

May–Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner and Agent Robert Harrison

Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner and Agent William McKibbin (Agent)

MOBILE

Apr.–Aug. 1865 -- Subassistant Commissioner George Harmount

Oct. 1865–Apr. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner George Robinson

Apr.–May 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner G. A. Washbum

May–Aug. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner L. J. Whiting

Sept.–Oct. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner Joseph Logan

Nov. 1866–Sept. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner George Tracy

Sept. 1867–Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner James Gillette

Aug.–Sept. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner John Hyde

Sept.–Nov. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner E. H. Weirman

Nov.–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Frank Towle

MONTGOMERY

Oct. 1865–Dec. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner George A. Harmount

Dec. 1866–Aug. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner L. J. Whiting

Aug. 1867–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. C. Hendrix

OPELIKA

June 1867–June 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner R. T. Smith

July–Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner John Bannister

Aug.–Sept. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner D. B. Smith

Sept.–Oct. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner G. W. Kingsbury

Oct.–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner D. B. Smith

SELMA

Mar.–June 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner Samuel S. Gardner

June–July 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner F. D. Ogilby

July–Aug. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner Samuel S. Gardner

Aug. 1866–Jan. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner George Shorkley

Jan.–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Charles C. Bartlett

TALLADEGA

Oct.–Nov. 1865 -- Subassistant Commissioner D. P. Cilley

Dec. 1865–Apr. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner T. Humphrey

Apr. 1866–Feb. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner R. Tlieune

Feb. 1867–June 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner J. F. McGogy

June–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner George P. Sherwood

TUSCALOOSA

Jan.–Apr. 1866 -- Subassistant Commissioner Jesse W. Cogswell

Apr. 1866–Apr. 1867 -- Subassistant Commissioner W. H. Peck

Apr. 1867–Dec. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Robert Blair

TUSCUMBIA

May–June 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner Henry Sweeney

June–Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner W. H. Heilman

Aug. 1868 -- Subassistant Commissioner John Raines

TUSKEGEE

Sept.–Nov. 1865 -- Assistant Superintendent Andrew Geddes

Nov. 1865–Apr. 1866 -- Assistant Superintendent Spencer Smith
Related Materials:
See also Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection
Provenance:
Acquired from FamilySearch International in 2015.
Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Topic:
American South  Search this
Freedmen's Bureau  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. history, 1865-1877  Search this
Slaves -- Emancipation  Search this
Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M1900
See more items in:
Records of the Field Offices for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-fb-m1900
Additional Online Media:

Matthew Frieman-Outbreak Epidemics in a Connected World Training

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
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Uploaded:
2018-09-07T15:48:22.000Z
Topic:
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Data Source:
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Lindsey Shields-Outbreak Epidemics in a Connected World Training

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Uploaded:
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National Museum of Natural History
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Hide/Seek: "Untitled(Portrait of Ross in L.A.)" by Felix Gonzalez-Torres - National Portrait Gallery

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National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-07T21:42:22.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_37bSb-aQ4BM

Hide/Seek: Portraits by Felix Gonzalez-Torres and David Wojnarowicz - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-08T15:50:26.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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edanmdm:yt_4iiLMJru7SY

Patterns of Health and Wellbeing 03: Ohero:kon

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National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-04-29T19:28:44.000Z
Topic:
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National Museum of the American Indian
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Oral history interview with Lyle Ashton Harris, 2017 March 27-29

Interviewee:
Harris, Lyle Ashton, 1965-  Search this
Interviewer:
Fialho, Alex, 1989-  Search this
Subject:
Carby, Hazel V.  Search this
Watson, Simon  Search this
Wilson, Millie  Search this
O'Meally, Robert G.  Search this
Basquiat, Jean-Michel  Search this
O'Dench, Ellen  Search this
Baker, Houston A.  Search this
Seeley, J.  Search this
O'Meally, Jackie  Search this
Hemphill, Essex  Search this
Collier, Jim  Search this
Gonzalez-Torres, Felix  Search this
Barton, Nancy  Search this
Tate, Greg  Search this
Geer, Tommy  Search this
Goldin, Nan  Search this
Mays, Vickie M.  Search this
Gates, Henry Louis  Search this
Julien, Isaac  Search this
Gray, Todd  Search this
Lord, Catherine  Search this
Grayson, John  Search this
Butler, Cornelia H.  Search this
Woodman, Francesca  Search this
Mapplethorpe, Robert  Search this
Tilton, Jack  Search this
Sekula, Allan  Search this
Riggs, Marlon T.  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
American Academy in Rome  Search this
California Institute of the Arts  Search this
Visual Arts and the AIDS Epidemic: An Oral History Project  Search this
Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Gay artists  Search this
Netherlands  Search this
England  Search this
Performance artists  Search this
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AIDS (Disease) and art  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Tanzania  Search this
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Ghana  Search this
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Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17456
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)387759
AAA_collcode_harris17
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_387759
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Oral history interview with Jim Hodges, 2017 March 9-May 25

Interviewee:
Hodges, Jim, 1957-  Search this
Interviewer:
Carr, C.  Search this
Subject:
Gonzalez-Torres, Felix  Search this
Fuller, Marnie  Search this
Chatham, Rhys  Search this
Nyzio, David  Search this
Montano, Linda  Search this
Smith, Scott  Search this
Kaiser, Karen  Search this
Arning, Bill  Search this
Feher, Tony  Search this
Reynolds, Hunter  Search this
Morris, Bob  Search this
McCarty, Lynn  Search this
Hoffman, Nancy  Search this
Vallenciano, Robert  Search this
Safranek, Doug  Search this
Nechvatal, Joseph  Search this
Pratt Institute  Search this
Visual Arts and the AIDS Epidemic: An Oral History Project  Search this
Fort Wright College of the Holy Names  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Gay artists  Search this
Installations (Art)  Search this
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Mixed media (Art)  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17480
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)388916
AAA_collcode_hodges17
Data Source:
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EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_388916
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Oral history interview with Julie Ault, 2017 November 14-16

Interviewee:
Ault, Julie, 1957-  Search this
Interviewer:
Kerr, Theodore, 1979-  Search this
Subject:
Miller-Keller, Andrea  Search this
Nelson, Marybeth  Search this
Beck, Martin  Search this
Szypula, Peter  Search this
McCarty, Marlene  Search this
Gonzalez-Torres, Felix  Search this
Serrano, Andres  Search this
Moffett, Donald  Search this
Pasternak, Anne  Search this
Klein, Jochen  Search this
Evans, Steven  Search this
Meyer, Richard  Search this
Brennan, Patrick  Search this
Locks, Sabrina  Search this
Rollins, Tim  Search this
Maharaj, Sarat (Sarat Chandra),  Search this
Blake, Nayland  Search this
Kalin, Tom  Search this
Olander, William  Search this
Staniszewski, Mary Anne  Search this
Ashford, Doug  Search this
Sandqvist, Gertrud  Search this
Ramspacher, Karen  Search this
Wright, Charles  Search this
Hawkins, Yolanda  Search this
Alderfer, Hannah  Search this
Lindell, John  Search this
Alexander, Vikky  Search this
Rinder, Lawrence  Search this
McLaughlin, Mundy  Search this
Garrels, Gary  Search this
Phillips, Lisa  Search this
Wagner, Frank  Search this
Tucker, Marcia  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Visual Arts and the AIDS Epidemic: An Oral History Project  Search this
Group Material (Firm : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
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Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17523
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)391129
AAA_collcode_ault17
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_391129
Additional Online Media:

Volume 2, 1867-1869

Alternate Title:
Journal of Facts in Natural History  Search this
Collection name:
Benjamin Dann Walsh Field Notebooks, 1860-1869
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 1 Folder 2
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Illustrations
Clippings (information artifacts)
Place:
United States
Illinois
Date Range:
1867-1869
Start Date:
1867
End Date:
1869
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007123
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Benjamin Dann Walsh Field Notebooks, 1860-1869
See more records associated with this person:
Walsh, B. D. (Benjamin Dann), 1808-1869
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI7264
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  • View Volume 2, 1867-1869 digital asset number 1
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Journal of Richard E. Blackwelder, West Indies, vol. 5

Collection name:
Richard E. Blackwelder Papers, 1926-1964
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 1 Folder 10
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Diary
Maps
Place:
Montserrat
Antigua
Antigua and Barbuda
Saint Kitts
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Beggars Point
Date Range:
1936
Start Date:
19360713
End Date:
19361027
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Beetles  Search this
Accession #:
SIA Acc. 96-099
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Richard E. Blackwelder Papers, 1926-1964
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Blackwelder, Richard E.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI2404
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Journal of Richard E. Blackwelder, West Indies, vol. 5 digital asset number 1
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Alouatta (Primates), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1960

Collection name:
Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 2 Folder 3
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Illustrations
Place:
Panama
Barro Colorado
Date Range:
1958-1961
Start Date:
1958
End Date:
1961
Topic:
Animal behavior  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Ethology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA Acc. 01-096
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
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Moynihan, M.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI2485
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Alouatta (Primates), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1960 digital asset number 1
  • View Alouatta (Primates), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1960 digital asset number 2
Additional Online Media:

Handwritten China journal of Edmund Heller (1 of 5)

Collection name:
Edmund Heller Papers, circa 1898-1918
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 8 Folder 1
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Maps
Place:
China
Hawaii
Japan
Hong Kong
Yunnan
Shantou
Hainan
Date Range:
1916
Start Date:
19160604
End Date:
19160908
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007179
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Edmund Heller Papers, circa 1898-1918
See more records associated with this person:
Heller, Edmund, 1875-1939
See more records associated with this expedition:
American Museum of Natural History China Expedition, 1916-1917
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI2741
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Handwritten China journal of Edmund Heller (1 of 5) digital asset number 1
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Journal of the Tomas Barrera, May 1-6, 1914

Collection name:
Paul Bartsch Papers, 1901-1963
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 2 Folder 4
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Diary
Place:
Cuba
Cabañas
Bahía Honda
Los Arroyos
Viñales
Date Range:
1914
Start Date:
19140501
End Date:
19140516
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Gastropoda  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007089
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Paul Bartsch Papers, 1901-1963
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Bartsch, Paul, 1871-1960
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI2835
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Journal of the Tomas Barrera, May 1-6, 1914 digital asset number 1
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Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition, 1956 : miscellaneous notes

Collection name:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 107
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Caribbean Sea
Date Range:
1956
Start Date:
1956
End Date:
1956
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007231
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
See more records associated with this person:
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977
See more records associated with this expedition:
Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expeditions (1956-1959)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI1581
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition, 1956 : miscellaneous notes digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition, 1959 : correspondence

Collection name:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 110
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Correspondence
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Caribbean Sea
Date Range:
1958-1959
Start Date:
1958
End Date:
1959
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007231
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers, 1907-1978
See more records associated with this person:
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977
Amos, William H.
Bredin, J. Bruce
Carmichael, Leonard
Cowan, Richard Sumner
Darsie, Jr., Richard F.
See more records associated with this expedition:
Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expeditions (1956-1959)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI1657
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition, 1959 : correspondence digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Alaska, 1911 : with Arthur Cleveland Bent to gather data on the economic status and geographic distribution of birds and mammals; Included is correspondence, an expense book, maps, reports on the investigations, and photographs

Alternate Title:
Alaska, 1911  Search this
Collection name:
Alexander Wetmore Papers, circa 1848-1979 and undated
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 137 Folder 2
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Correspondence
Black-and-white photographs
Maps
Place:
Alaska
Aleutian Islands
Alexander Archipelago
Gulf Of Alaska
Shelikof Strait
Alaska Peninsula
United States
Date Range:
1911
Start Date:
19110501
End Date:
19111130
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Fur farming  Search this
Bird trapping  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007006
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Alexander Wetmore Papers, circa 1848-1979 and undated
See more records associated with this person:
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978
Bent, Arthur Cleveland
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI274
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Alaska, 1911 : with Arthur Cleveland Bent to gather data on the economic status and geographic distribution of birds and mammals; Included is correspondence, an expense book, maps, reports on the investigations, and photographs digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Diary, 1937

Alternate Title:
Diary: Far East Trip, January 12, 1937 - September 27, 1937  Search this
Collection name:
William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann field books, 1914-1940
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 7 Folder 1
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Diary
Place:
Japan
Indonesia
Sumatra
India
Thailand
India
Sudan
Egypt
China
Southeast Asia
Malaysia
Date Range:
1937
Start Date:
1937
End Date:
1937
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Wild animal collecting  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007293
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann field books, 1914-1940
See more records associated with this person:
Mann, William M., 1886-1960
Mann, Lucile Quarry, 1897-1986
See more records associated with this expedition:
National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies, 1937
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI41
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary, 1937 digital asset number 1
  • View Diary, 1937 digital asset number 2
Additional Online Media:

Diary, December 1, 1867 - August 4, 1868

Collection name:
William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927
Physical Description:
1 diary
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 20 Folder 5
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Diary
Place:
Alaska
Nulato Hills
Kotlik
Unalakleet
United States
Date Range:
1867-1868
Start Date:
18671201
End Date:
18680804
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007073
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927
See more records associated with this person:
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927
See more records associated with this expedition:
Western Union Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI522
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary, December 1, 1867 - August 4, 1868 digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Diary, February 5-April 29, 1900

Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 25 Folder 7
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Puerto Rico
San Juan
Date Range:
1900
Start Date:
19000205
End Date:
19000429
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI617
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary, February 5-April 29, 1900 digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

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