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Oral history interview with Fritz Eichenberg, 1979 May 14-December 7

Interviewee:
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Topic:
Illustrators  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Political cartoons  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12736
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212640
AAA_collcode_eichen79
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212640
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Fritz Eichenberg, 1964 December 3

Interviewee:
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington),, 1920-  Search this
Subject:
Grosz, George  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Printmakers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12479
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213440
AAA_collcode_eichen64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213440

Oral history interview with Fritz Eichenberg, 1970 November 3

Interviewee:
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12524
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212641
AAA_collcode_eichen70
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212641

Fritz Eichenberg: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF000968
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_138477

The Story of Jonah [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0028014
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_28015

Night Watch [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0028252
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_28253

The wood and the graver : the work of Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Subject:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
199 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
C1977
Call number:
N40.1.E336y A1
N40.1.E336yA1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_87172

Fritz Eichenberg : 47 years of prints and illustrated books, February 6 - March 4, 1967

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Subject:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
12 unnumbered pages : illustrations ; 15 x 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1967
Topic:
Prints, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1071307

Endangered species, and other fables with a twist / Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Subject:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
128 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
Topic:
Fables--Illustrations  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.E336 S8
N40.1.E336S8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_121430

The dance of death : a graphic commentary on the danse macabre through the centuries / by Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Subject:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
136 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Dance of death  Search this
Prints  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Call number:
N7720.E4A4 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_177258

Fritz Eichenberg : a retrospective of prints, 1922 to 1986 : [exhibition] January 6 through 31, 1987

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Subject:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
[9] p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1987
[1987]
Call number:
NE539.E33 A4 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_691274

Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers

Creator:
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Names:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Dintenfass, Terry, 1920-  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Knight, Gwendolyn  Search this
Extent:
25.35 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Gigabytes
Photographs
Date:
1816
1914-2008
bulk 1973-2001
Summary:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Biographical material includes appointment and address books; education and personal identification certificates and documents; awards, certificates, curriculum vitae, and chronologies; biographical material related to other individuals, including identification documents and memorial programs; and transcripts of interviews with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

The correspondence series includes extensive personal and professional correspondence with family, friends, artists, admirers (including students in a number of elementary and middle schools), university students, government agencies, art schools, galleries, museums, publishing houses, and others. Included in this series are condolence letters received by Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death in 2000.

Writings include published and unpublished writings by and about Jacob Lawrence, as well as writings by others. These writings include speeches, notes, essays, articles, lists, and short stories. Also included is a visitor comment book from the Los Angeles County Museum exhibition of Jacob Lawrence's Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass series.

Printed material includes books; brochures; business cards; clippings; exhibition and event announcements, invitations, catalogs, and programs; magazines; newsletters; posters; post cards; and press releases. Books in this collection may include illustrations by Jacob Lawrence or have personal inscriptions from the author to Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Photographs include photographs of Jacob Lawrence artwork, photographs and reproductions of Gwendolyn Knight artwork, and photographs of Jacob Lawrence, Gwendolyn Knight, and other individuals. Also included in this series are photographs and reproductions of work by others.

Personal business records include a ledger; consignment, financial, and shipping records related to the Terry Dintenfass Gallery; contracts and agreements; and estate documents.

Artwork includes sketches by Jacob Lawrence, a blank sketchbook inscribed by Jacob Lawrence to Gwendolyn Knight, and artwork by other artists.

Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project Records include materials generated by the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project, a non-profit created with the goal of producing a catalogue raisonné (and later, a digital archive) of Jacob Lawrence's work. These records include address books and phone logs; copies of Jacob Lawrence's CV; founding documents, bylaws, and meeting minutes; correspondence; writings, including draft pages of the catalogue raisonné; business records, including employment files, contracts, invoices, insurance, and tax information; printed and digital material; and photographs and artwork.

The Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation and Related Material series includes founding documents and foundation bylaws, correspondence, financial documents, reports, and proposals. Found within this series are materials related to the Lawrence Center for the Visual Arts, a subsidiary foundation of the Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation.

Professional files include material related to projects and exhibitions, teaching files and inclusion in curricula, files regarding possible fake Jacob Lawrence works, and gallery files.

The honors series is divided into two subseries: awards and certificates, and government honors. Awards and certificates includes honorary degrees, arts prizes, and any other honors awarded to Jacob Lawrence or Gwendolyn Knight. Government honors include resolutions, proclamations, and keys to cities. Also included in this series are correspondence related to awards and honorary degrees, commencement programs, plaques, and medals.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1914-2005 (Boxes 1, 11, 26, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1943, 1952-2005 (Boxes 1-5, 12-14, 26; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1954-1959, 1973-2005, undated (Boxes 5-6, 14-15; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1816, 1926, 1937, 1945-2008 (Boxes 6-9, 15-17, 26, OV 30, OV 31; 6.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1970-1997, undated (Boxes 9, 17, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1962-2005 (Boxes 9, 17; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1984, 1990-1994, undated (Boxes 9, 18, 26; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project Records, 1982-2002 (Boxes 18-23, Box 26; 5.1 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)

Series 9: Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation and Related Material, 1997-2005 (Box 23; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 10: Professional Files, 1964-2004 (Boxes 23-24; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 11: Honors, 1948, 1966-2005 (Boxes 24-25, 27-29, OV 30; 2.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Modernist painter and educator Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000) was born in 1917 as Jacob Armstead Lawrence in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He began his art studies at the Utopia Children's Center in New York City's Harlem district where he studied under the painter Charles Alston. Lawrence dropped out of high school at the age of sixteen to continue his art instruction with Alston, this time at the Harlem Art Workshop, where he met several artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance including the sculptor Augusta Savage.

Gwendolyn Knight (1913-2005) was born in Barbados and moved to New York City with her adoptive parents when she was seven. She attended New York's Wadleigh High School and later Howard University in Washington, D.C. where she studied fine arts with Lois Mailou Jones and James Porter. Forced to leave her studies at Howard because of the Depression, Knight returned to Harlem and continued her artistic pursuits in Augusta Savage's workshop. In 1935, Knight joined the Harlem Mural Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) working under Selma Day and Charles Alston. Lawrence and Knight met in Savage's workshop and married in the summer of 1941.

During the Depression, Lawrence also joined the WPA Federal Arts Project in Harlem. Finding WPA murals overwhelming, Lawrence concentrated on traditional painting instead. He produced his first major works in the late 1930s, most notably the Toussaint L'Ouverture series, images that document the life of the revolutionary hero and Haiti's struggle for independence. Other significant works include visual narratives of the lives of abolitionists Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. In 1940, Lawrence received the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship, which made it possible for him to purchase his first art studio on 125th Street in the heart of Harlem. He soon portrayed Harlem street life in paintings that became commentaries on the role of African Americans in United States society with highly developed themes of resistance and social opposition. That same year, Lawrence began his most celebrated series, The Migration of the American Negro, multiple tempera panels depicting the exodus of African American sharecroppers in the south to northern industrial cities in search of better employment and social opportunities. Edith Halpert exhibited the works in their entirety at her Downtown Gallery in 1941, establishing Lawrence as the first African American artist to exhibit in a top New York gallery. The following year, New York's Museum of Modern Art and the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC each bought half of the sixty panels in the series, helping to further Lawrence's career within the larger world of American art.

In the summer of 1946, the artist Joseph Albers invited Lawrence to teach at North Carolina's Black Mountain College. It was the first in a series of teaching positions in prestigious art schools including Pratt Institute (1956-1971), Brandeis University (1965), The New School (1966), the Art Students League (1967), and others. During the 1950s and 1960s, Lawrence's work continued to focus on racism and political activism but in the late 1960s shifted to themes of racial harmony.

Both Lawrence and Knight continued independent careers in art. Knight pursued her art studies at the New School in New York and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine. In the mid-1960s, she collaborated with other female artists to form the Studio Gallery in New York City. Knight's main body of work consists of portraits and still-lifes that incorporate expressions of African sculpture, Impressionism, dance, and theater. Focusing on gesture, her art is described as light and airy with a minimum of lines allowing empty space to define the work. In 1970, Lawrence traveled to Seattle to teach as a visiting artist at the University of Washington. He was hired on a permanent basis the following year and remained on staff until his retirement in 1986.

Jacob Lawrence died June 9, 2000, in Seattle, Washington at the age of 83. Gwendolyn Knight continued to paint and exhibit her work around the country until her death on February 18, 2005 in Seattle, Washington at the age of 92.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence conducted by Carroll Greene (1968 October 26), interviews conducted by Avis Berman (1982 July 20-August 4), and an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight conducted by Paul Karlstrom (1998 November 18). The Archives of American Art also holds a collection of Jacob Lawrence papers, available on microfilm only, reels D286 and 4571-4573. Originals reside at Syracuse University Library, Special Collections.
Provenance:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in five accretions between 1979 and 1997. Additional papers were donated in 2012 by the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation via Barbara Earl Thomas, representative.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
African American artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- Washington (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1816, 1914-2008, bulk 1973-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lawrjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lawrjaco
Additional Online Media:

The art of the print: art, masterpieces, history, techniques

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
611 p. illus. (part col.) 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
[1976]
Topic:
Prints--History  Search this
Prints--Technique  Search this
Call number:
NE400 .E32X
NE400.E32X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_46448

Ape in a cape : an alphabet of odd animals / by Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
[32] p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1952
[1952]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_700471

Lithography and silkscreen : art and technique / Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
Topic:
Lithography  Search this
Serigraphy  Search this
Call number:
NE2425 .E34
NE2425.E34
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_141739

Nantucket woodcuts, by Naoko Matsubara. Text by Fritz Eichenberg

Author:
Matsubara, Naoko  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Physical description:
[61] p. illus. (part col.), map. 24 x 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Nantucket Island (Mass.)
Date:
1967
[1967]
Topic:
History  Search this
Pictorial works  Search this
Call number:
NE1217.M36E35X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_370459

Printmaking in modern American illustration : an exhibition / organized by the Pratt Graphics Center Gallery ; under the direction of Andrew Stasik, assisted by Judith Kirsch ; [introduction by Fritz Eichenberg]

Author:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Pratt Graphics Center  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. ; 22 x 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Prints, American  Search this
Illustration of books--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
NE508 .P957
NE508.P957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_134700

Education in the graphic arts; a symposium held in the Wiggin Gallery, Boston Public Library, on May 5, 1967. The speakers: Ray Nash, Fritz Eichenberg [and] Frederick Walkey

Author:
Nash, Ray 1905-1982  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990  Search this
Walkey, Frederick 1922-  Search this
Boston Public Library  Search this
Physical description:
43 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1969
Topic:
Graphic arts--Study and teaching  Search this
Call number:
NE970 .N33
NE970.N33
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1928

Akavak; an Eskimo journey. Written and illustrated by James Houston

Author:
Houston, James,. 1921-2005-  Search this
Donor:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990 DLC  Search this
Physical description:
75 p. illus. 21 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Fiction
Juvenile literature
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1968
[1968]
Topic:
Inuit  Search this
Grandfathers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_796389

Eagle mask

Author:
Houston, James 1921-2005  Search this
Donor:
Eichenberg, Fritz 1901-1990 DLC  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Juvenile literature
Place:
Northwest, Pacific
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1966
[1966]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_983889

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