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Dale Jenkins postcard and photograph collection

Creator:
Jenkins, Dale  Search this
Extent:
145 Postcards
11 Photographic prints
0.5 Linear feet
Culture:
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Suquamish  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Cayuse Indians  Search this
Northern Paiute Indians  Search this
Southern Paiute Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Indians of Central America -- Panama  Search this
Indians of Central America -- Guatemala  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Photographic prints
Place:
Temuco (Chile)
Cuzco (Peru)
Date:
1890-1939
Summary:
This collection consists of 145 postcards and 11 photographs depicting indigenous peoples of the Americas, with dates ranging 1890 – 1930s. The bulk of the collection consists of postcards of Native communities throughout the United States, and includes portrait images, dwellings, basket-making, weaving, and crafts.
Scope and Contents:
The Dale Jenkins postcard and photograph collection consists of 145 postcards and 11 photographs with dates ranging 1890 – 1930s. The images depict indigenous peoples of the Americas, and spans a large geographical breadth extending from the Arctic in the north to Chile and Peru in South America. The bulk of the collection consists of postcards of Native communities throughout the United States, with a significant number of images depicting various Pueblo and Southwest cultural groups; many of these latter postcards were produced by the Fred Harvey Company. A number of the postcards and photographs include portrait images, dwellings, basket-making, weaving, and crafts. Also of particular note are 13 scenes of daily life at a number of different Indian Boarding Schools at the turn of the twentieth century. Finally, in addition to the postcard images are 11 photographs consisting of cabinet cards and other photographic prints.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 11 series, organized thematically (Indian Boarding Schools) and then regionally by location or culture group. Series 1: Indian Boarding Schools, Series 2: Arctic/Subarctic, Series 3: Northwest Coast, Series 4: California, Series 5: Great Basin/Plateau, Series 6: Southwest, Series 7: Plains, Series 8: Northeast/Great Lakes, Series 9: Southeast, Series 10: Mexico/Central America, Series 11: South America
Biographical / Historical:
Dale Jenkins is a retired Financial Planner living in California, having previously worked in the Aerospace industry. He has collected late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century American photographs and postcards for over 30 years. In addition to archival collections donated to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian, Jenkins has also donated postcard and photograph collections to the California Museum of Photography, the California Historical Society, and the Museum of the City of New York.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Dale Jenkins in 2013 and 2014.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools -- Photographs  Search this
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians. Minnesota  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Dale Jenkins postcard and photograph collection, NMAI.AC.069, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.069
See more items in:
Dale Jenkins postcard and photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-069
Additional Online Media:

George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection

Publisher:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Names:
Conner, George  Search this
Extent:
0.21 Linear feet
Culture:
Osage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Date:
circa 1900-1914
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains booklets and correspondence circa 1900-1914 related to the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania and collected by George Conner (Tse-da-ha), a former alumnus.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 4 folders.
Biographical / Historical:
George Conner, also known as Tse-dah-ha (Buffalo Hide), was born on the Osage Reservation in Kansas in 1870. His parents were Wah-kon-tah Shinka (Little Doctor) and Le-ah-tsa, both of the Little Osage tribe. Le-ah-tsa was the daughter of Wa-caba-shinka (Little Bear) who was the Principal Chief of the Little Osage.

Kansas Militia killed George's father on a return hunting trip shortly after George was born. George's mother married William Conner (Oh-hunka-moie) and approximately five years later, she was also killed. William Conner played a prominent role in reformulating the Osage government in the new Oklahoma Reservation and helped write the first Osage Nation Constitution.

William sent George to live with his Aunt Margaret "Maggie" Lawrence on her ranch west of Grainola. He attended Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania from 1885-1890 and was re-admitted in 1896 and stayed until 1899. During his last years at Carlisle, George assisted with the physical education of fellow students including exercise drills using 3.5-pound Spaulding Indian clubs, a set of which he brought home (now held in NMAI's collection). He also assisted with coaching younger boys in baseball and other athletics at Carlisle. While at Carlisle the second time, he learned harness making and saddle repair. He also participated in Carlisle's "outing" program, which placed student on neighboring Pennsylvania farms in the summer.

Upon return to the Osage Reservation at age twenty-nine, George moved from his boyhood home on the Lawrence ranch to the Osage Nation capital, Pawhuska. There he opened a harness shop and met his wife Lillian House, a matron at the Osage Girl's school. They had five children Letha, Adelia, Victor, Lester, and Don. George served as the Osage National Council Secretary for a number of years.

George and his step-father William also got involved with Osage resistance to the U.S. Government's Allotment Act, otherwise known as the Dawes Act of 1887. This law was designed to open up remaining Indian land in the West to white settlement, by dividing large reservations among the tribal members. Each would receive a small parcel and then U.S. made the remaining "surplus" land available for settlement. The Osage opposed this and William, George, and the tribe worked collectively for nearly two decades to prevent the reservation from allotment. In 1906, U.S. Congress passed the Osage Allotment Act, making the Osage one of the last tribes in Oklahoma to accept allotment. The tribe was also able collectively to retain the mineral rights of the reservation.

George and Lillian moved from Pawhuska, started farming west of Grainola, Oklahoma, and remained on the farm the rest of their lives. George died in 1936 at the age of 66 years old.

[Biography written by Dr. Joe L. Conner (George Conner's grandson) in 2012 and edited by E. Moazami (NMAI Assistant Head Archivist) in 2018.]
Related Materials:
The Archives and Special Collections at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania also holds collections related to the school.
Separated Materials:
The museum also purchased two objects with this collection: a Carlisle Indian School uniform owned and worn by George Conner and a set of exercise jugggling pins used by Conner when he assisted with physical education at Carlisle (object #s 268789 and 268790).
Provenance:
This collection was purchased by the museum in 2012.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection, NMAI.AC.250; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.250
See more items in:
George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-250
Additional Online Media:

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 16.5 cm x 10.5 cm; 6 1/2 in x 4 1/8 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.102
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.102
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006124

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15.7 cm x 11.4 cm; 6 3/16 in x 4 1/2 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.103
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.103
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006125

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 15.8 cm x 11.5 cm; 6 1/4 in x 4 1/2 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.104
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.104
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006126

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 19.6 cm x 13.7 cm; 7 11/16 in x 5 3/8 in
Object Name:
gum bichromate print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.105
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.105
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Music & Musical Instruments
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006127

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 20 cm x 12.5 cm; 7 7/8 in x 4 15/16 in
Object Name:
gum bichromate
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.106
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.106
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Music & Musical Instruments
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006128

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15.1 cm x 11.5 cm; 5 15/16 in x 4 1/2 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Books  Search this
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.107
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.107
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006129

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15.6 cm x 11.5 cm; 6 1/8 in x 4 1/2 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.108
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.108
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Music & Musical Instruments
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006130

Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15.8 cm x 6.7 cm; 6 1/4 in x 2 5/8 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.109
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.109
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Music & Musical Instruments
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006131

Zitkala-Sa, Sioux Indian and activist

Maker:
Kasebier, Gertrude  Search this
Physical Description:
platinum print (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 16.6 cm x 11.5 cm; 6 9/16 in x 4 1/2 in
Object Name:
platinum print
Date made:
ca 1898
Subject:
Reading  Search this
Books  Search this
Native Americans  Search this
Women  Search this
Related Publication:
Delaney, Michelle. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors: A Photographic History by Gertrude Kasebier
Credit Line:
Mina Turner
ID Number:
PG.69.236.110
Accession number:
287543
Catalog number:
69.236.110
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Gertrude Kasebier
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1006132

Zitkala-sa

Artist:
Joseph T. Keiley, 1869 - 1914  Search this
Sitter:
Zitkala-Ša, 22 Feb 1876 - 26 Jan 1938  Search this
Medium:
Photogravure
Dimensions:
Image: 15.9 x 9.5cm (6 1/4 x 3 3/4")
Sheet: 16.3 × 9.9 cm (6 7/16 × 3 7/8")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Culture:
Zitkala-Ša: Native American\American Indian\Great Plains\Sioux  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1898 (printed 1901)
Topic:
Zitkala-Ša: Female  Search this
Zitkala-Ša: Literature\Writer  Search this
Zitkala-Ša: Society and Social Change\Reformer  Search this
Zitkala-Ša: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist  Search this
Zitkala-Ša: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.79.26
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 126
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.79.26

Dakota agency personnel (including Indian Police), students, and views of Agency buildings, from various Dakota agencies and Carlisle Indian School

Photographer:
Choate, John N., of Carlisle, Pennsylvania  Search this
Anderson, J. A.  Search this
Creator:
Northwestern Photographic Company  Search this
Names:
Anderson, W. W.  Search this
Berht, Stella  Search this
Black Bear, Carrie  Search this
Bordeaux ?, Martha  Search this
Calls Horse Looking  Search this
Cleveland, William Joshua, 1845-1910  Search this
Dion ?, Mose  Search this
Flood, Thomas  Search this
Four Horn, Charlotte  Search this
Galiego, Louisa  Search this
Gallagher, H. D. Col  Search this
Good Nation, Laura  Search this
Hand, Emma  Search this
High Hawk ?  Search this
Horse Looking, Irene  Search this
Iron Eagle Feather  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Little Bull  Search this
Low, Adelia  Search this
McChesney, Charles E.  Search this
McLaughlin, James Major  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Shields, John  Search this
Side ? Bear, Esther  Search this
Spence, L. F. Agent  Search this
Standing Bear, Victoria  Search this
Townsend, Harvey  Search this
Two Dogs, Isabella  Search this
Wells, Mark  Search this
White Bear, Rosa  Search this
White Birch, Katie  Search this
White Horse  Search this
White Thunder, Rosa  Search this
Wilson, Susan  Search this
Wright, John V. Judge  Search this
Extent:
44 mounted prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Carlisle by J. N. Choate, three Rosebud Agency photographs by J. A. Anderson, the rest unidentified as to photographer. The photographs probably date between 1880 and 1895.
Catalog Number 4574: Letter of 3/21/58 from Richard A. Pohrt (donor): "...eleven photographs from the Indian School at Carlisle. Pa. These I am certain were all taken by J. N. Choates [Choate], a photographer who had a studio at 21 West Main St., Carlisle, Pa." (1) Carlisle Indian School "The dining hall, Indian Training School" (Original Number 45) Photographer: J. H. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (2) Carlisle Indian School "Sheldon Jackson, John Shields and Harvey Townsend, Pueblos." (Original Number 70) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (3) Carlisle Indian School "Pine Ridge Boys" (Original Number 155) (caption written by hand) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (4) Carlisle Indian School "After School; Indian Training School, Carlisle, Pa." (written by hand). (Original Number 163) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (5) Carlisle Indian School Group of students, presumably of Carlisle School. Labeled on back (by hand) as follows: "No. 1 White Horse Little Bull "No. 2 Calls Horse Looking "No. 3 Brule Iron Eagle Feather "No 4 Stella Berht "No. 5 Rosa White Thunder "No 6 Irene Horse Looking "No 7 Laura Good Nation Compliments of Capt. Pratt, E." J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?) (6) Carlisle Indian School Group of girls, presumably students at Carlisle School. Labled by hand as follows; left to right, row 1 (kneeling) Emma Hand, Rosa White Bear (dead), Isabella Two Dogs, Louisa Galiego (Pine Ridge). Row 2, (sitting) Carrie Black Bear, Susan Wilson (S sister [?]), Charlotte Four Horn, Esther Side [?] Bear. Row 3 (standing) Katie White Birch, Adelia Low, Victoria Standing Bear, Martha Bordeaux [?], Mose Dion [?]. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (7) Carlisle Indian School Group of boys, presumably students at Carlisle School. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (8) "Girl's Quarters, Carlisle Barracks" [Choate Broadside, No 78?] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (9) "School Rooms, Carlisle Barracks." [Choate broadside, No. 80 ?].
Catalog Number 4574: (10) Carlisle Indian School "Cap't Pratt's House and Chapel." [Choate broadside, No. 82 ?] Captain Pratt near steps. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (11) Carlisle Indian School (?) "Band of Indian Boys at the Government School, Washington, D. C." ("Popular Series"). Stereoscopic view. Probably copy of Choate No. 76, erroneously labeled. [See Choate broadside, B.A.E. Catalog Number 4241.] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa (?) (See R. A. Pohrt correspondence, 9/24/59). (12) Tribe: Dakota (Oglalla ?) "High Hawk." Resembles closely the man identified as High Hawk in Signal Corps Photograph at National Archives (No. 101549). Only slight resemblance to S. I. Negative 42,827. He must have been considerably older when the latter was taken if they are the same person. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (13) Dakota:Agency Personnel, various agencies Seated left to right: Reverend William J. Cleveland (Episcopal missionary and sometime agent at Rosebud-- See Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, page 20 for biography), Captain Richard Henry Pratt (Chairman), and Judge John V. Wright of Tennessee, -- the three composed the 2nd commission to the Sioux, 1888. (For account of the commission see Eastman, "Pratt, the Redman's Moses," University of Oklahoma Press, 1935). (Identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b"). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888. Standing. left to right: , (appears third from left in S. I. Negative 43,563-- identified more clearly in original prints of same group National Archives-- N. A. Numbers 86-1, 86-2, 87), Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent Pine Ridge (same ident. source), Major W. W. Anderson, agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule; for a Mark Wells see Negative 3307-c, Dr C. E. McChesney, agent at Cheyenne River Agency (Number 14, in row 5.), Major James McLaughlin, Agent Standing Rock Reservation, Col. L. F. Spence, Agent Rosebud Agency (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888.
Catalog Number 4574: (14) Dakota: Agency Personnel Seated: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud, (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563) Standing: unidentified, but compare with 4574: (28), below. (15) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency Labeled in pencil, "Agent's Dwelling, Pine Ridge Agency, D. T." (Verified by numerous views of the Agency in the National Archives). Two Indian Policemen on porch. Water tower behind house. (16) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency ? Distant view of Agency, almost certainly Pine Ridge (compare with original prints catalog Number 4464. "Pine Ridge Agency from the North in 1891"). Print marked in pencil, "Fort Niobrara, Nebraska Territory"-- erroneous ? Northwestern Photographic Co, Chadron, Nebraska (17) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No. 4 St Francis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, S. D., West Side." Church and school, one wing in process of being built. Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor, "J. A. Anderson." (18) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 7. Birds-eye view of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor,"J. A. Anderson." (19) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 8. Fathers and Brothers of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." J. A. Anderson, Rosebud Agency, S. D. (20) Dakota: Rosebud Agency View of Rosebud Agency, and garden, from the South (if 17 above correct). Must have been taken prior to the Anderson photograph, since the new wing is not in evidence. (Identified from 17 and 18.) (21) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Nuns with large group of students in school uniforms, (St Francis Mission, Rosebud Agency ?) Little white girl in front row looks like one in 4574: (32) below, and possibly same as in 4574: (31).
Catalog Number 4574 (22) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "View at Rosebud Agency. May 8th 1892." This series of "row" houses corresponds, perhaps, to ones in J. A. Anderson's Among the Sioux, "A typical Indian Agency" (BAE temporary 77). Note "Police Station " sign. 1892. (23) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Agent's house, Rosebud Agency (identified from Negative Number 43,791-B). Standing in front, left to right: , , Col. L. F. Spence, Agent (identified from S, I, Negative 43,563 and National Archives' prints of same group), , , . (24) Boy on horse in front of agent's dwelling, Rosebud Agency. (House, and thus agency, identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B and others). (25) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Group of Indian Police, civilian men, women, and children around flag pole in front of agent's house (identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B), Rosebud Agency. Reverend William J. Cleveland (with whiskers and derby) in back row, 2nd to right of flagpole. (Indentified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b.") (26) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Distant view of agent's dwelling and unidentified home and/or school to the left of it. Copy in negative catalog made from another original print. See Negative Number 43,791-C.
Catalog Number 4574: (27) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Unidentified home and/or school to left of agent's dwelling (see 4574:(26) above, then 43,791-B), large group of men in front of building. Possibly Reverend William J. Cleveland, (note whiskers) on porch, 3rd from right. (28) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Agency personnel (?), including Indian police. 4th from left, front row: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). 5th from left, front row: same as man on right in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from left, 2nd row: same as man on left in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from right, 2nd row: Thomas Flood, Interpreter (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). Indentification as Rosebud Agency rests primarily upon the presence of Spence. See Negative Number 45,793-B. (29) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Large building, with chapel, set in open area. Built 1885 (date on front gable). In front are 5 women (one on horse) 3 children, three men; Rev. William J. Cleveland at extreme left (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b). May be Saint Mary's Mission Boarding School for Sioux Boys and Girls, 12 miles from Rosebud Agency, on Antelope Creek, Dakota Territory, for the following reasons: 1. The building is a self-contained unit--including a chapel--and there are no other buildings in view. 2. The building is dated 1885. Pilling, in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, 1887 states that Cleveland had at that time been principal of Saint Mary's for 2 years, which fits neatly with the 1885 date. (30) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Side view of same building as in 4574: (29). Several women and children in foreground. Reverend William J. Cleveland holding horses (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b), and one other man. See 4574:(29) above.
Catalog Number 4574: The following photographs (4574: (31-39)), along with a group of similar photographs in the National Archives, seem to establish a consistent pattern in the location and structure of agency school facilities. In general, the schools were small frame buildings, apparently widely scattered over the agencies, each with a small frame house for the teaching couple and family. (31) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground, group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their little girl ?), and Indian police. (32) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their child) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (33) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) and Indian Police in front of frame school (?) house. White man on right appears to be identical with the first man on left in S. I. Negative 43,563, Sioux delegation to Washington, 1888. (34) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (35) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground a group of students with teacher(s). (36) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) with group of students and teacher in the foreground. The teacher is the same as in 4574:(36), as are many of the pupils. (37) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teachers (and their child) with group of students in front of frame school building. (See 4574: (38) for identity as school.) (38) Dakota: Agency unidentified School building (and teachers' dwelling ?) with man, woman, and child (same ones as in 4574: (37) above) in front, and two Indian men at side. 2 duplicate prints.
Catalog Number 4574: (39) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teacher's dwelling-schoolhouse complex with one or two scattered cabins in the foreground. Follows what appears to be the typical pattern of small, widely scattered schools. (40) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame building. Function ? Odd door on back and man standing in doorway suggest this might be an exterior view of 4574: (41). (41) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Pine Ridge (?) or Rosebud (?) Slaughter house (?), interior view, with three men, one an Indian. One man looks like Col. H. D. Gallagher, Pine Ridge Agent. But the print was among a group of views mainly from Rosebud Agency. (42) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Large group of uniformed Indian Police on horseback in front of frame buildings. Agency might be: 1. Standing Rock ? Man front row, left looks like Red Tomahawk. 2. Pine Ridge ? But the men aren't posed in same area of agency where other PR Police pictures were taken. Also the men in this picture have more uniform uniforms than are shown in PR pictures. (See Original Prints, "temporary" Number 29, and Catalog Number 4544: (59, 60).) 3. Rosebud ? (43) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Indian Police, same uniform, same agency, same building, as 4574: (42). Also additional evidence for identifying Agency as Standing Rock: compare officers to those in BAE Negative Number 3711-e. See Negative Number 45,793. (44) Dakota Badlands scenery. "In general it seems to resemble the badlands of southwestern South Dakota not far distant from Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations."--Information from John C. Ewers, 4/5/60.
Biographical / Historical:
Pohrt states, "I believe they were taken about 1890. Some are identified and many are not, but I have reason to believe that the majority were taken on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations in South Dakota. They are of school children, Indian Police, Agency buildings, etc." See correspondence in Smithsonian Institution-Bureau of American Ethnology files.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4574
Local Note:
Filed: Original Prints: Carlisle Indian School; Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Agencies  Search this
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4574, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4574
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4574

Book of ledger drawings

Photographer:
Bear's Heart (Nock-ko-ist/James Bear's Heart/Nah-koh-hist), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1851-1882 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Bear's Heart (Nock-ko-ist/James Bear's Heart), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1851-1882; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
Bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple, Non-Indian, 1822-1901  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Object Name:
Book of ledger drawings
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil
Techniques:
Drawn, bound
Dimensions:
20.7 x 16.5 x 16.4 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1876
Catalog Number:
20/6231
Barcode:
206231.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220313

General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
General Benjamin Henry Grierson, Non-Indian, 1826-1911  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6232
Barcode:
206232.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220314
Additional Online Media:

Kiowa Soldier Dance

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Kiowa Soldier Dance
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6233
Barcode:
206233.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220315
Additional Online Media:

Navajoes

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6234
Barcode:
206234.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220316
Additional Online Media:

Ledger drawing

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6235
Barcode:
206235.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220317
Additional Online Media:

Navajoes/Railroad Train

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes/Railroad Train
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6236
Barcode:
206236.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220318
Additional Online Media:

Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island

Photographer:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913 and Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6237
Barcode:
206237.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220319
Additional Online Media:

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