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Astrid Preston papers, 1969-2017

Creator:
Preston, Astrid, 1945-  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)21673
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)398249
AAA_collcode_presastr
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_398249

Edward McKnight Kauffer collection

Topic:
Brighton warp and weft
Seventeen
Advertiser's weekly
Australasian
Creator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
American Silk Mills  Search this
Brighton (Firm)  Search this
British Federation of Master Printers  Search this
British Institute of Industrial Art  Search this
British South American Airways  Search this
Container Corporation of America  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Imperial Airways  Search this
London Underground Limited  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Aid Society  Search this
New York (State). Metropolitan Transportation Authority  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Victoria and Albert Museum  Search this
Beddington, Jack  Search this
Dorn, Marion, 1896-1964  Search this
Ehrlich, Grace  Search this
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965  Search this
Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934  Search this
Haworth-Booth, Mark.  Search this
Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972  Search this
Pick, Frank, 1878-1941  Search this
Symon, D. E. (David E.)  Search this
Waldman, Bernard.  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Date:
1915-1954
Summary:
This collection documents Kauffer's work as a theater designer, and graphic designer from 1915-1954.The collection includes allusions to correspondences between Kauffer in America to T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) in London, between 1930 and 1955. (There are no letters between the two men in the collection.) Although Kauffer and Eliot were to become friends after 24 July 1930, they were professionally related before that time. Kauffer illustrated the Ariel edition of Eliot's "Marina." Kauffer and Eliot met in London. In the collection are also posters of Kauffer's works, biographical pieces, and obituaries as well as photographs of the artist.
Arrangement note:
Unprocessed; The archive material consists of sketches, posters, manuscript leaves, photographs, clippings, and other related items that document Mr. Kauffer's career from 1915-1954.
Biographical/Historical note:
Edward McKnight Kauffer (1891-1954) was born at Great Falls, Montana. He grew up in the small town of Evansville on the Ohio River in Indiana, where the Kauffer grandparents had settled. After the divorce of his parents, he spent two years in an orphanage. By the age of four or five he had begun to draw. His mother remarried in 1899. Kauffer left school at the age of 12 or 13 to be helper to the scene painter in the City Directory.

In the Elder Bookshop and Art Rooms in San Francisco Kauffer acquired not only a speaking voice of marked attractiveness and distinction but also a life-long passion for books. He continued his studies as a painter by receiving his first formal training at evening sessions at the Mark Hopkins Institute. He met Professor McKnight, who became his patron; in homage to him Kauffer adopted the name of McKnight. A small exhibition of Kauffer's paintings was held at the Elder Art Rooms. He also studied at the Chicago Art Institute, and in Munich and Paris, and started his career as a theatrical scene painter. He was returning from Germany to this country in 1914 and was in London when World War I broke out.

In 1914 Kauffer would marry American Pianist, Grace Ehrlich and they would have a daughter. In 1921 Kauffer would move to New York City leaving his wife and daughter. In the spring of 1922 Kauffer returned to London with Marion Dorn, American textile designer. They would stay in London just prior to the beginning of World War II when they would return once again to New York. They would eventually marry in 1950.

In the Twenties in London, he went to work in a soldiers' canteen and began designing posters for the London Underground Railway in his spare time. His posters were so strikingly successful that he soon got further orders, and built up a reputation in his field. The posters would indicate to the war-weary British the normal resumption of public transportation. The posters made history in art circles and have been regarded ever since as revolutionary concepts of art-cum industry. A 1926 exhibition given at the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford furthered Kauffers notoriety.

His recognition in America began in 1937, when the Museum of Modern Art presented his work in its first one-man show ever given to an American poster designer. He returned to this country to live in 1940. While Kauffer was widely recognized abroad and the MOMA show brought attention, very few Americans knew of him and fewer advertisers were willing to accept the poster as an art form. His clients, since his return to America have included the National Red Cross, American Airlines, the New York Subways, Ringling Brothers Circus, the Container Corporation of America, the American Silk Mills and many others.

Kauffer was among the first in the early Twenties to respond to the impact of modern art, particularly the work of the cubist painters Picasso and Braque. The influence of cubism can be seen in his posters and was the basis of his dynamic geometrical style. The emphatic angular forms of Kauffer's posters shocked the public into attention. His artistry, and in particular his color sense, held that attention and, in a few short years just after the First World War, laid the foundations of his reputation as a designer, not only among the leading business men of the time, but particularly among critics and art students. T.S. Eliot, a friend of Kauffer's, describes his marriage of the public and modern art, "He did something for modern art with the public as well as doing something for the public with modern art."

In addition to his involvement in advertising, Kauffer was a book illustrator as well illustrating editions of many classics, including Burton's "Anatomy of Melancholy," Cervantes' "Don Quixote," Carl Van Vechten's "Nigger Heaven," and works by Herman Melville, T.S. Eliot, Arnold Bennett, Lord Birkenhead and others.

His work is represented in the South Kensington Museum in London and in the Corcoran Art Gallery in Washington, and there are examples of it also in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and in Milan. He edited a survey, The Art of the Poster, in 1934. He was a Fellow of the British Institute of Industrial Art and a member of the Council for Art and Industry. When the Royal Society of Arts established its high diploma of R.D.I. (Designer for Industry) in 1937 he was ineligible as a foreigner, but was granted honorary status. He was asked to be Honorary Advisor to the Department of Public Information for the United Nations. He was Advisory Council for the Victoria and Albert Museum. His biography appears in the English "Who's Who" and in the American "Who's Who", as well as in the Columbia Encyclopedia.

Kauffer began to lose interest in the New York advertising scene. A friend of his said that he chose to kill himself with drink. He continued to work to the end, almost obsessively. Kauffer died on 22 October 1954.
Provenance:
All materials were donated to the museum by Grace Schulman in 1997.
Restrictions:
Unprocessed; access is limited; Permission of Library Director required; Policy.
Occupation:
Theater designers -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Great Britain  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- Great Britain  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Theaters -- Stage-setting and scenery -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Graphic arts -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Illustration of books -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Identifier:
SIL-CH.1997-134-1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-1997-134-1

Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980

Creator:
Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977  Search this
Subject:
Browne, Byron  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Woodruff, Hale Aspacio  Search this
Welty, Eudora  Search this
City University of New York. City College  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Topic:
Writings  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Educators  Search this
Painters  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Harlem Renaissance  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5643
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208477
AAA_collcode_alstchar
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208477
Additional Online Media:

Barbara Swan papers, 1927-1992

Creator:
Swan, Barbara, 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Fink, Alan  Search this
Kumin, Maxine  Search this
Tovish, Harold  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth  Search this
Miller, Edwin Haviland  Search this
Olsen, Tillie  Search this
Chaet, Ninon  Search this
Chaet, Bernard  Search this
Sexton, Anne  Search this
Miller, Rosalind S.  Search this
Weinberg, Elbert  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Topic:
Lithographers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Poets  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8701
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210882
AAA_collcode_swanbarp
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210882

Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983

Creator:
Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901-1983 or 6  Search this
Subject:
Pollet, Joseph C.  Search this
Knight, Frederic C. (Frederic Charles)  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Presser, Josef  Search this
Dehn, Virginia Engleman  Search this
Hart, Agnes  Search this
Picken, George  Search this
Fruhauf, Aline  Search this
Thomson, Virgil  Search this
Ames, Elizabeth  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta Maria  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Blanch, Lucile Lundquist  Search this
Marantz, Irving  Search this
Baker, Mildred  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Nakian, Reuben  Search this
Blanch, Arnold  Search this
Varda, Jean  Search this
Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt)  Search this
Barr, Alfred H.  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Yaddo  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Painters  Search this
Christmas cards  Search this
Artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8967
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211154
AAA_collcode_gerseuge
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211154
Additional Online Media:

Edwin and Wilfred Whitefield papers, 1854-1918

Creator:
Whitefield, Edwin, 1816-1892  Search this
Whitefield, Wilfred J., 1839-1926  Search this
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Real estate agents  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13459
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212471
AAA_collcode_whitedwi
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212471

Mauricio Lasansky interview, 1976 June 28 -July 6

Creator:
Lasansky, Mauricio, 1914-  Search this
Muhlert, Jan, 1942-  Search this
Topic:
Printmakers  Search this
Prints  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13526
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214251
AAA_collcode_lasamaur
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214251

Barbara Swan letters to Rosalind and Edwin Miller, 1961-1991

Creator:
Swan, Barbara, 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Miller, Edwin Haviland  Search this
Fink, Aaron  Search this
Chaet, Bernard  Search this
Miller, Rosalind S.  Search this
Sexton, Anne  Search this
Fink, Alan  Search this
Gustin, Dan  Search this
Stevovich, Andrew  Search this
Fink, Joanna Elizabeth  Search this
Milton, Peter Winslow  Search this
Alpha Gallery (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10853
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214605
AAA_collcode_swanbarb
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214605

John Wilde papers, 1935-2011

Creator:
Wilde, John, 1919-2006  Search this
Subject:
Hamady, Walter  Search this
Karidis, Jerome  Search this
Ernst, Max  Search this
Gardetto, Peter  Search this
Priebe, Karl J.  Search this
Bouras, Harry  Search this
Colescott, Warrington  Search this
Laird, Mary Louise  Search this
Seefeldt, Michael  Search this
Huppler, Dudley  Search this
Fein, Sylvia  Search this
Gardetto, Helga  Search this
Whitney, J. D.  Search this
Cozzolino, Robert  Search this
Littleton, Harvey K.  Search this
Minasian, Khatchik  Search this
Terkel, Studs  Search this
Abercrombie, Gertrude  Search this
Economou, George  Search this
Glasier, Marshall  Search this
Wolff, Theodore F.  Search this
Lindbergh, Reeve  Search this
Tandem Press  Search this
Andrew Balkin Editions  Search this
Topic:
Drawings  Search this
Illustrated letters  Search this
Magic realism (Art)  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Collages  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Art  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13425
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215872
AAA_collcode_wildjohn
Theme:
Diaries
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215872
Additional Online Media:

Benson Bond Moore papers, 1902-1995

Creator:
Moore, Benson Bond, 1882-1974  Search this
Subject:
Clark, Herbert F.  Search this
Bransom, Paul  Search this
Lyon, Rowland  Search this
Sayre, Francis Bowes  Search this
Cornett, Robert G.  Search this
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Lowe, James Russell  Search this
Berryman, Clifford  Search this
Rolle, A. H. O. (August H. O.),  Search this
Seaton, Charles  Search this
Society of Animal Artists  Search this
Washington Landscape Club  Search this
Topic:
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Christmas cards  Search this
Artists  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Prints  Search this
Poems  Search this
Etchings  Search this
Awards  Search this
Travel sketches  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6095
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216268
AAA_collcode_moorbens
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216268
Additional Online Media:

Jackie Ferrara printed material, 1964-2012

Creator:
Ferrara, Jackie, 1929-  Search this
Topic:
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16178
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366884
AAA_collcode_ferrjack
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_366884
Additional Online Media:

Sears Gallagher papers, circa 1882-2010

Creator:
Gallagher, Sears, 1869-1955  Search this
Topic:
Drawings  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17568
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)394760
AAA_collcode_gallsear
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_394760

Oral history interview with Federico Castellon, 1971 April 7-14

Interviewee:
Castellón, Federico, 1914-1971  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Cole, Sylvan  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur  Search this
Lewenthal, Reeves  Search this
Dintenfass, Terry  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Ames, Elizabeth  Search this
Associated American Artists  Search this
Weyhe Gallery  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Prints  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5452
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212075
AAA_collcode_castel71
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212075

Oral history interview with Charles Burchfield, 1959 August 19

Interviewee:
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Interviewer:
Morse, John D., 1906-  Search this
Subject:
Keller, Henry G.  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Watercolor painting, American  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12702
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212225
AAA_collcode_burchf59
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212225
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Leonard Baskin, 1969 April 17

Interviewee:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12706
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212532
AAA_collcode_baskin69
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212532

Oral history interview with Charles Henry Alston, 1968 October 19

Interviewee:
Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977  Search this
Interviewer:
Murray, Albert  Search this
Subject:
Blackburn, Robert Hamilton  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Topic:
Educators  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Interviews  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11460
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212620
AAA_collcode_alston68
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212620
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Robert Motherwell, 1971 Nov. 24-1974 May 1

Interviewee:
Motherwell, Robert Burns, 1915-1991  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13286
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212934
AAA_collcode_mother71
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212934
Additional Online Media:

Oral History interview with Jim Nutt, 1979

Interviewee:
Nutt, Jim, 1938-  Search this
Interviewer:
Ranoff, I. Michael  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212963
AAA_collcode_nutt79
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212963

Oral history interview with Barbara Swan, 1973 June 13-1974 June 12

Interviewee:
Swan, Barbara, 1922-  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12640
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213164
AAA_collcode_swan73
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213164
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with John Wilde, 1979

Interviewee:
Wilde, John, 1919-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Danoff, Michael  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12438
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213193
AAA_collcode_wilde79
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213193
Additional Online Media:

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