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Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers

Creator:
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 1903-1987  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Jere  Search this
Austin, Arthur Everett, 1900-1957  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972  Search this
Berman, Leonid, 1896-1976  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van, 1883-1931  Search this
Erffa, Helmut von, 1900-1979  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956  Search this
Francis, Henry Sayles, 1902-1994  Search this
Gill, Brendan, 1914-1997  Search this
Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973  Search this
Howe, George, 1886-1955  Search this
Johnson, Philip C.  Search this
Kaufmann, Edgar, 1910-  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
McCormick, Thomas J.  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Oud, J. J. P. (Jacobus Johannes Pieter), 1890-1963  Search this
Panofsky, Erwin, 1892-1968  Search this
Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1902-1983  Search this
Porter, Kingsley  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Schindler, R. M. (Rudolph M.), 1887-1953  Search this
Scully, Vincent Joseph, 1920-  Search this
Sizer, Theodore, 1892-1967  Search this
Smith, E. Baldwin (Earl Baldwin), 1888-1956  Search this
Smith, Peter van der Meulen  Search this
Soby, James Thrall, 1906-  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Sterner, Harold  Search this
Summerson, John Newenham, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Thomson, Virgil, 1896-  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Washburn, Gordon B. (Gordon Bailey), 1904-1983  Search this
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Extent:
24.8 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1919-1987
Summary:
The papers of architectural historian, author, critic, teacher, and museum director, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, date from 1919-1987 and measure 24.8 linear feet. Almost all of the collection is comprised of Hitchcock's correspondence files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. Letters are from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators, and family and friends. Also found are two feet of writings by Hitchcock and others, scattered biographical information, printed material, and photographs of Hitchcock and architecture.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of architectural historian, author, critic, teacher, and museum director, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, date from 1919-1987 and measure 24.8 linear feet. Almost all of the collection is comprised of Hitchcock's correspondence files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. Letters are from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators, and family and friends. Also found are two feet of writings by Hitchcock and others, scattered biographical information, miscellaneous records, printed material, and photographs of Hitchcock and architecture.

Among the biographical documents are Hitchcock's birth certificate, passport, and wills. Awards, citations, honorary degrees and commendations are from the University of Pennsylvania, Wesleyan University, the Friends of Cast Iron Architecture, National Institute of Arts and Letters, and the Victorian Society in America.

Chronological name and subject files consist mostly of correspondence and printed material along with a small number of photographs. They include personal and professional correspondence and subject files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. The correspondence includes large numbers of letters from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators. Also included are students, friends, relatives, publishers, and representatives of organizations and institutions. Among those of note are: Jere Abbott, Everett A. (Chick) Austin, Alfred H. Barr, Bernard Berenson, Eugene Berman, Leonid Berman, Lyonel Feininger, Henry (Harry) Sayles Francis, Brendan Gill, Robert Goldwater, George Howe, Philip C. Johnson, Edgar Kaufmann, Jr., Lincoln Kirstein, Thomas J. McCormick, Lewis Mumford, J.J.P. Oud, Erwin Panofsky, Nikolaus Pevsner, Kingsley Porter, Paul J. Sachs, R. M. Schindler, Vincent Scully, Jr., Theodore Sizer, E. Baldwin Smith, Peter van der Meulen Smith, James Soby, Victor Spark, Harold Sterner, John Summerson, Virgil Thomson, Paul Vanderbilt, Theo Van Doesburg, Helmut von Erffa, Gordon Washburn, Rudolf Wittkower, and Frank Lloyd Wright.

Writings by Hitchcock consist of manuscripts and drafts of numerous published and unpublished articles, book chapters, and his masters thesis. Other writings by Hitchcock include lecture notes and texts, book reviews, notes, outlines, photo lists, and a bibliography. Among the other authors represented in this series are John Coolidge and Sir Wilfred Green.

Miscellaneous records consist of the alien registration card of Hitchcock's friend Peter van der Meulen Smith, architectural drawings by Hitchcock, book contracts, and a small number of receipts and invoices.

Printed material consists of articles about, by, or mentioning Henry-Russell Hitchcock, along with advertisements for his books, and postcards of architectural subjects.

Photographs are of architecture, art work, events, people, places, and miscellaneous subjects; also included are color slides, negatives, and transparencies. Architectural subjects include the work of Frank Lloyd Wright and Gaudi, as well as interior and exterior views of buildings identified only by location. Photographs of people include Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Chick Austin and Ernestine Carter, Alexander Dorner, Tammy Grimes, Lincoln Kirstein, the Steinway family, and Edgar Tafel. Events recorded include the Society of Architectural Historians at the Newport Casino, Hitchcock receiving honorary degrees at the University of Glasgow and Wesleyan University, and a high tea sponsored by the Victorian Society in America. Family houses and views of Greece are among the photographs of places. Miscellaneous subjects include exhibition installations and family heirlooms.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1922-1984 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Chronological Name and Subject Files, 1919-1987 (Boxes 1-22; 21.9 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, 1922-circa 1978 (Boxes 23-24; 2.0 linear ft.)

Series 4: Miscellaneous Records, 1928-1977 (Box 25; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1922-1984 (Boxes 25-26; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1926-1979 (Box 26; 0.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock, considered the "father" of modern architectural historiography, played a major role in bringing modern architecture to the United States. As an eminent professor for more than forty years, Hitchcock trained and influenced several generations of scholars and critics. He combined a love of architecture with criticism and scholarship to produce a large number of distinguished monographs and articles on a broad range of styles and periods.

Born in Boston in 1903, Henry-Russell Hitchcock was the son of Mayflower descendants. At Harvard University, he studied medieval history with A. Kingsly Porter as his mentor and completed the undergraduate curriculum in three years. Hitchcock spent his senior year studying architecture, graduated in 1924, and stayed to study for a master's degree, which was awarded in 1927. During his years at Harvard, he wrote for Hound and Horn and knew Alfred Barr, T. S. Eliot, Philip Johnson, Lincoln Kirstein, Virgil Thomson, and others who became leaders in the modernist movement.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock's teaching career began when he was appointed an assistant professor at Vassar College for the academic year 1927-28. In 1929, he joined the faculty of Wesleyan University, where he remained for two decades before moving to Smith College in 1949. During his tenures at Wesleyan and Smith, his services as a visiting lecturer were employed on many occasions by Cambridge University, Connecticut College, Harvard University, the Institute of Fine Arts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Yale University. Upon retiring from Smith College in 1968, Hitchcock moved to New York City and taught briefly at Columbia University, the Institute of Fine Arts, and the University of Massachusetts, at Amherst.

Best known as a proponent of modernism, Hitchcock wrote more than two dozen books about a wide range of styles and periods, and most are considered standard works on their subjects. His first, Modern Architecture: Romanticism and Reintegration, appeared in 1929 and was the first book on the subject to be published in English; his final book, German Renaissance Architecture, was published in 1981.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock served as director of the Smith College Museum between 1949 and 1955. In addition, he was curator of several exhibitions, the first and most important of which was Modern Architecture: International Exhibition, organized in collaboration with Philip C. Johnson and held at the Museum of Modern Art. Their book, The International Style: Architecture Since 1922, was published in 1932 in conjunction with the exhibition.

During World War II, Hitchcock's civilian service included working as director of the U. S. Navy's Photographic Library and writing Pratt and Whitney aircraft engine manuals.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock was an active member of many professional associations. He served as president of the Society of Architectural Historians from 1952 to 1954. In addition, he was a founding member of The Victorian Society in Great Britain, and between 1969 and 1974 was president of its sister organization, The Victorian Society in America.

During his long and illustrious career, Henry-Russell Hitchcock won many awards and honors. Awards for Early Victorian Architecture in Britain and Architecture: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries were conferred by the Society of Architectural Historians (1955) and College Art Association (1960), respectively. Hitchcock received the Royal Society of Arts Medal for Best Lecture (1956) and its Benjamin Franklin Medal (1970), in addition to the American Institute of Architects' Architectural Critics' Medal (1970). Other awards include: National Institute of Arts and Letters Award (1956), American Council of Learned Societies Prize for Distinguished Accomplishment in Humanistic Scholarship (1961), Friends of Cast-Iron Architecture Certificate of Commendation (1978), the American Institute of Architects Award of Merit (1978), and Municipal Art Society Certificate of Merit (1978).

He received honorary degrees from Glasgow University and the University of Pennsylvania in 1973, and in 1979 from Wesleyan University. In Search of Modern Architecture: A Tribute to Henry-Russell Hitchcock, edited by Helen Searing, was published by The Architectural History Foundation in 1982.

Due to declining health, Henry-Russell Hitchcock lectured rarely and wrote little in the three years preceding his death from cancer. He died in New York City, February 19, 1987.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds Henry-Russell Hitchcock letters to Dorothy Stroud and John N. Summerson, 1946-1949. Additional Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers (circa 8 linear feet) are in the Special Collections division of Wesleyan University Library.
Provenance:
Mosette Broderick, assistant to Hitchcock and his literary executor, donated the papers to the Archives of American Art in 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Architectural historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers, 1919-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hitchenp
See more items in:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hitchenp
Additional Online Media:

Mécano : nos. 1-4/5 / edited by Theo Van Doesburg

Author:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
5 pamphlets in folder (26 cm)
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
20th century
Topic:
Dadaism  Search this
Art, Modern--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
N6494.D3 M44 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1070640

Theo van Doesburg : oeuvre catalogue / edited by Els Hoek ... [et al.]

Author:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Hoek, Els  Search this
Centraal Museum (Utrecht, Netherlands)  Search this
Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
840 p. : ill. (some col.), ports. (some col.), plans (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Catalogs
Place:
Netherlands
Date:
2000
Topic:
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N6953.D57 A4 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_610292

Theo van Doesburg : constructor of the new life / Evert van Straaten ; [translation, Ruth Koenig]

Author:
Straaten, Evert van  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogs
Date:
1994
Call number:
N6953.D57 A4 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_641680

Theo van Doesburg, 1883-1931 : een documentaire op basis van materiaal uit de schenking Van Moorsel / samengesteld door Evert van Straaten ; inleiding van Wies van Moorsel en Jean Leering

Author:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Straaten, Evert van  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
191 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Netherlands
Date:
1983
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N6953.D57 T46 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_656404

Theo van Doesburg : painter and architect / Evert van Straaten

Author:
Straaten, Evert van  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
266 p. : ill. (some col.), facsims. ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Exhibitions
Place:
Netherlands
Date:
1988
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Call number:
NA1153.D6 S89 1988
NA1153.D6S89 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_417682

Theo Van Doesburg : painting into architecture, theory into practice / Allan Doig

Author:
Doig, Allan  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931 Views on architecture  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 260 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1986
Topic:
De Stijl (Art movement)  Search this
Call number:
NA1153.D64D65 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_314147

Theo van Doesburg 1883-1931. [Catalogus van de tentoonstelling gehouden in het] Stedelijk van Abbemuseum Eindhoven. 13 december 1968 tm 26 januari 1969. Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, 7 februari tm 23 maart 1969. Kunsthalle Basel, juni/juli 1969

Author:
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum  Search this
Haags Gemeentemuseum  Search this
Kunsthalle Basel  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
106 p. with illus. 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
1968]
Call number:
N40.1.D639 T3
N40.1.D639T3
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_209912

Théo Van Doesburg : projets pour l'Aubette : [exposition], Centre national d'art et de culture Georges Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, 12 octobre--12 décembre 1977 / [conception et catalogue, Pierre Georgel, Edmée de Lillers ; assistante, Laure de Buzon-Vallet]

Author:
Georgel, Pierre  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Lillers, Edmée de  Search this
Musée national d'art moderne (France)  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Taeuber-Arp, Sophie 1889-1943  Search this
Strasbourg (France) Aubette Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. ; 18 x 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1977
[1977]
Topic:
De Stijl (Art movement)  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.D639 G3
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_268379

Visions of totality : Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Theo Van Doesburg, and El Lissitzky / by Steven A. Mansbach

Author:
Mansbach, Steven A. 1950-  Search this
Subject:
Moholy-Nagy, László 1895-1946  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Lissitzky, El 1890-1941  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 163 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
C1980
20th century
Topic:
Arts, Modern  Search this
Aesthetics, Modern  Search this
Call number:
NX456 .M35 1979X
NX456.M35 1979X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_127384

Theo van Doesburg : propagandist and practitioner of the avant-garde, 1909-1923 / by Hannah L. Hedrick

Author:
Hedrick, Hannah L (Hannah Lucille) 1939-  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 165 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
C1980
Call number:
N40.1.D639 H4
N40.1.D639H4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_199439

Principles of neo-plastic art. With an introd. by Hans M. Wingler and a postscript by H.L.C. Jaffé. Translated from the German by Janet Seligman

Author:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
x, 73 p. illus. (part col.), facsim. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
[c1968]
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Art--Philosophy  Search this
Form (Aesthetics)  Search this
Call number:
N6948.5.S8 D65 E1968
N6948.5.S8D65 E1968
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_199

Theo van Doesburg

Author:
Baljeu, Joost  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931 Selected works. 1974  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
232 p. illus. (part col.) 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
[1974]
Call number:
N6953.D57 B34 1974X
N6953.D57B34 1974X
N40.1.D639B186
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_41866

De Stijl [microform] / [The exhibition has been organized by J. H. van Den Broek and others] 6.7'51-25.9.'51

Author:
Amsterdam (Netherlands) Stedelijk Museum  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931  Search this
Physical description:
[162] p. : ill. (some col.), ports., music, plans. ; 27 cm
Type:
Microforms
Exhibitions
Date:
1975
1951
20th century
Topic:
Art, Dutch  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Stijl, De--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N6948.5.S8 A52
N6948.5.S8A52
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_82478

Van Doesburg & the international avant-garde : constructing a new world / edited by Gladys Fabre & Doris Wintgens Hötte ; consultant editor, Michael White ; with essays by Marc Dachy ... [et al.]

Title:
Van Doesburg and the international avant-garde
Author:
Fabre, Gladys C  Search this
Wintgens Hötte, Doris  Search this
Dachy, Marc  Search this
Stedelijk Museum "De Lakenhal" (Leiden, Netherlands)  Search this
Tate Modern (Gallery)  Search this
Subject:
Doesburg, Theo van 1883-1931 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
264 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Ausstellung
Leiden (2009)
Date:
2009
Topic:
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)  Search this
Call number:
N6953.D57 A4 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_945545

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