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John Whitman Christmas Diskette Collection

Collector:
Whitman, John (President of Oakland Group, Inc.)  Search this
Names:
Oakland Group, Inc.  Search this
Horsley, J.C.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diskettes
Floppy disks
Place:
England
Date:
1983 December 8
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of one 5 ½" x 5 ½" floppy diskette from John Whitman of Micromedia Software in Wellesley, MA, which purports to portray the first Christmas card. It is believed that J. C. Horsley designed the card in England in 1843. When displayed on computer screen the card reads. "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year you." Along with the card the diskette asks a variety of visual questions like, "What do you want for Christmas?" and then displays a personalized Christmas story. The diskette also includes two Christmas computer games, one called Christmas Tree; the other Multiple Joys.and in 1843. When displayed on computer screen the card reads. "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year you." Along with the card the diskette asks a variety of visual questions like, "What do you want for Christmas?" and then displays a personalized Christmas story. The diskette also includes two Christmas computer games, one called Christmas Tree; the other Multiple Joys.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1983 John Whitman donated a computer diskette with a copy of the first Christmas card created by J.C. Horsley in 1843. The diskette runs on an Apple II or IIe. The diskette also includes two Christmas computer games.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Oakland Group, 1983, December.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Games  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diskettes
Floppy disks
Citation:
John Whitman Christmas Diskette Collection, 1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0091
See more items in:
John Whitman Christmas Diskette Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0091

Diskette with Text for September 11 Witness Story Web Page

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
Object Name:
diskette
Date made:
2002
ID Number:
2017.3148.03
Nonaccession number:
2017.3148
Catalog number:
2017.3148.03
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Science & Mathematics
Communications
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1868881

Diskette with Text for First Ladies Exhibit Web Page

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .4 cm x 9 cm x 9.2 cm; 5/32 in x 3 17/32 in x 3 5/8 in
Object Name:
diskette
ID Number:
2017.3148.04
Nonaccession number:
2017.3148
Catalog number:
2017.3148.04
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Science & Mathematics
Communications
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1868882

Diskettes (electronic records)

Collection Creator::
Forman, Paul  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2023; Transferring office; 3/24/2011 Deed of Gift; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-165, Paul Forman Papers
See more items in:
Paul Forman Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa10-165-refidd1e1071

Diskettes with Criteria Charts

Container:
Box 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Blair Rudes papers are open for research.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Blair Rudes Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Blair Rudes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-16-ref441

Composition from WANG diskettes; coding

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 88-100, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany, Symposia Records
See more items in:
Symposia Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa88-100-refidd1e775

Bill Gates

Artist:
John Kascht, born 1961  Search this
Sitter:
William Henry Gates III, born 28 Oct 1955  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 27.9cm x 18.1 cm (11" x 7 1/8")
Sheet: 44.1cm x 32.8 cm (17 3/8" x 12 15/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1995
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Equipment\Computer\Diskette  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Male  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Humanitarian  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Computer software  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Computer  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Entrepreneur\Technology  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business magnate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of John Kascht
Object number:
NPG.96.142
Restrictions & Rights:
© John Kascht
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.142

Bill Gates

Artist:
John Kascht, born 1961  Search this
Sitter:
William Henry Gates III, born 28 Oct 1955  Search this
Medium:
Pencil
Dimensions:
Image: 42.5cm x 31cm (16 3/4" x 12 3/16")
Sheet: 58.3cm x 48.2cm (22 15/16" x 19")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1995
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Equipment\Computer\Diskette  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Male  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Humanitarian  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Computer software  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Computer  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Entrepreneur\Technology  Search this
William Henry Gates III: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business magnate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of John Kascht
Object number:
S/NPG.96.146
Restrictions & Rights:
© John Kascht
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.96.146

SoftVoice telephone [Includes three 5.25" computer diskettes]

Collection Creator:
Safko, Lon S.  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Computer Disks
Date:
1986
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
Safko International, Inc. Records, 1984-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Safko International, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0911-ref276

Text and Data Files, Floppy Diskettes (Unreadable)

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 347, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref13719

Three diskettes - Copy of original website (electronic records)

Collection Creator::
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 02-176, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Office of Public Affairs, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa02-176-refidd1e561

Apple Works disks [Consists of three 5.25" computer diskettes]

Collection Creator:
Safko, Lon S.  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Computer Disks
Date:
circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
Safko International, Inc. Records, 1984-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Safko International, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0911-ref269

Mind therapy disks [Consists of six 5.25" computer diskettes]

Collection Creator:
Safko, Lon S.  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Computer Disks
Date:
circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
Safko International, Inc. Records, 1984-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Safko International, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0911-ref273

Educational Software for Use with the Commodore 64 Microcomputer

Maker:
Commodore Business Machines, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
disk: 5 1/4 in x 5 1/4 in; 13.335 cm x 13.335 cm
box: 23 cm x 17.5 cm x 2.5 cm; 9 1/16 in x 6 7/8 in x 31/32 in
overall: 23 cm x 17.5 cm x 11 cm; 9 1/16 in x 6 7/8 in x 4 11/32 in
Object Name:
Software
Date made:
ca 1984
ID Number:
2006.0132.28.01
Catalog number:
2006.0132.28.01
Accession number:
2006.0132
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Science & Mathematics
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1303602
Additional Online Media:

Computer Storage, Imation SuperDisk

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 7/8 in x 3 13/16 in x 3/8 in; 9.8425 cm x 9.68375 cm x .9525 cm
Object Name:
storage media
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1997
ID Number:
2015.3167.03
Catalog number:
2015.3167.03
Nonaccession number:
2015.3167
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1801964
Additional Online Media:

Data General-One Portable Computer

Maker:
Data General Corporation  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7.5 cm x 30 cm x 34.5 cm; 2 15/16 in x 11 13/16 in x 13 9/16 in
Object Name:
microcomputer
Date made:
1984
Credit Line:
June E. Mallory
ID Number:
1995.0069.01
Accession number:
1995.0069
Catalog number:
1995.0069.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Work
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_743637

10) Dated March 1994 - translation #1. Note: Includes diskettes of scripts (includes electronic records)

Collection Creator::
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Container:
Box 10 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 96-140, National Air and Space Museum, Enola Gay Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Enola Gay Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa96-140-refidd1e1548

Voice Trainer and Controller System disks [Consists of two 5.25 computer diskettes]

Collection Creator:
Safko, Lon S.  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Computer Disks
Date:
circa 1986
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
Safko International, Inc. Records, 1984-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Safko International, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0911-ref274

Syntrex Diskette File

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Plant Services  Search this
Container:
Box 7 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 89-092, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Plant Services, Assistant Director's Records
See more items in:
Assistant Director's Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa89-092-refidd1e3417

Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project

Collector:
Maxey, H. David  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History  Search this
Inventor:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company  Search this
Bell Telephone Laboratories  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Klatt, Dennis  Search this
Kurzweil, Ray  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Diskettes
Dictograph
Date:
1939-1999
Summary:
The Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, conducted by H. David Maxey from 1986 through 2002, created a collection of archival materials documenting the history and development of speech synthesis technology. Maxey collaborated with Dr. Bernard Finn, Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society.
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project Original Website:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project website

This website was created by Dave Maxey in 2002 to document the history of the project and to provide extensive information about the collection materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents a project done by H. David Maxey in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution. The collection consists of administrative files containing correspondence, project reports, and other infomation about the Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project. The project files, arranged geographically and alphabetically contains information about specific speech synthesis projects and inventions. The reprints series consists of reprints of articles which Maxey collected and organized separately. This series is organized both numerically and alphabetically. The audiovisual materials contain the recordings of talks, meetings, and samples of speech synthesis described in the projects outlined in the project files.
Arrangement:
The original SSSHP numbers assigned by Dave Maxey are included in portions of the Container List. They are the basis for the organization of Maxey's original index to and description of the collection. Maxey assigned the numbers sequentially in the order he received each numbered item.

The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Administrative Files,1986-2002

Series 2, Project Files, 1939-1999

Series 3, Reprints, 1939-1999

Series 4: Audiovisual Materials,1939-1999

Subseries 1, ¼" Open Reel Audiotape

Subseries 2, Audiocassettes

Subseries 3, Miscellaneous

Subseries 4, Reference and Protection Audiotapes and CDs
Biographical / Historical:
The Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, conducted by H. David Maxey from 1986 through 2002, created a collection of archival materials including sound recordings documenting the history and development of speech synthesis technology. Maxey collaborated with Dr. Bernard Finn of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society. Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the same division served as Smithsonian liaisons with the project.

"Speech synthesis technology" refers to the results of a long, evolutionary process in which researchers learned to create artificial sounds that people would interpret as speech. As early as the eighteenth century scientists were inventing mechanical machines to create sounds similar to human speech. Later electronics led to additional developments, The Voder was one of the earliest examples which was demonstrated to wide acclaim at the 1939 New York World's Fair. However, it was the widespread use of computers that led to the greatest progress in the field of speech synthesis.

Speech synthesis is the process by which a computer speaks. By contrast, speech recognition is when a computer can interpret spoken language. The application of both of these capabilities has been important for creating assistive computer technology for the visually impaired (speech recognition) and for individuals unable to speak (speech synthesis).

Among the leading researchers and organizations involved with the development of speech synthesis technologies are the Anerican Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T), Bell Telephone Laboratories, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Dennis H. Klatt, and Ray Kurzweil.

Today speech synthesis is a common feature of daily life from the cultured voice on the GPS saying exactly which road to take to making a train reservation on the telephone. However, many speech synthesis developers continue to explore and design methods to make the speech sound less mechanical, with the ultimate challenge being natural sounding speech that shows emotion.

Dave Maxey's dedication to the project, with support from members of the staff of the National Museum of American History, has ensured the preservation of materials documenting the early history of electronic and computer engineered synthetic speech.
Related Materials:
Artifacts related to this collection are in the Division of Work & Industry, Electricity Collections.
Provenance:
The collection was created for the Smithsonian Institution from 1986-2002 by Dave Maxey in collaboration with Dr. Bernard Finn of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society, assisted by Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the same division.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials may be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Computer sound processing  Search this
Voder  Search this
Speech synthesis  Search this
Speech  Search this
Computers  Search this
Assistive computer technology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Diskettes
Dictograph
Citation:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0417
See more items in:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0417

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