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Plummer-Arnold Family papers

Plummer-Arnold family  Search this
Plummer-Arnold family  Search this
Plummer, Henry Vinton, 1844-1905  Search this
1.44 Linear feet (2 boxes)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Family papers
Photographic prints
Letters (correspondence)
United States -- Navy -- Chaplain Corps
United States -- Armed Forces -- African Americans
United States -- Army -- Cavalry, 9th
circa 1880-2005
circa 2005
bulk 1880-1955
The collection, spanning the late 19th century to 2005 with the bulk from circa 1880 to circa 1955, measures 1.44 linear feet and documents the daily lives and activities of the Plummer-Arnold family and the military career of Henry Vinton Plummer. The collection consists of 48 color and black-and-white photographs and a framed certificate, letter, and two DVDs regarding the honorable discharge of Henry Vinton Plummer. The photographs are undated.
Scope and Contents:
The Plummer-Arnold family papers span the late 19th century to 2005, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1880 to circa 1955. The collection contains 48 black-and-white and color photographs, one letter, one certificate, and two DVDs. The black-and-white and color photographs, mostly undated, depict the daily lives and activities of descendants of the Plummer and Arnold families. The collection also features a letter, certificate, and DVDs relating to the honorable discharge of U.S. Army chaplain Henry Vinton Plummer (1844-1905). The collection is organized into two series, Series 1: Family photographs and Series 2: Henry Vinton Plummer military service.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Plummer-Arnold family has a long and notable history. Adam Francis Plummer (1819-1905) and Emily Saunders Arnold (1815-1876) were enslaved African Americans who married in 1841. The couple was separated on different Maryland plantations for the first 22 years of their marriage. They had eighteen children, only nine of whom survived to adulthood. Their eldest son, Henry Vinton Plummer (1844-1905), escaped slavery in 1862 to become a Civil War chaplain and founder of the Bladensburg Union Burial Association. His descendents' successful battle to upgrade his 1894 dishonorable discharge from the U.S. Army is documented in this collection.

In 1862, Henry Vinton Plummer escaped from a Maryland plantation to the District of Columbia, where he joined the Union Navy as a chaplain. He was honorably discharged in 1865 and began his studies at Wayland Seminary, which educated freedmen to enter the Baptist ministry. Upon completion of his studies he became the pastor of St. Paul Baptist Church in Bladensburg, Maryland, founded by his sister, Sarah Miranda Plummer, on October 19, 1866. Henry Vinton Plummer married July Lomax of Virginia in 1867 and their marriage produced nine children.

Henry Vinton Plummer founded the Bladensburg Union Burial Association in 1870, a society that ensured that its African American members would receive a proper funeral by collecting dues and pledges. It was formed in response to a white undertaker's refusal to conduct a funeral because the family of the deceased could not afford to pay. Plummer interceded on behalf of the family and paid their debt. The Bladensburg Union Burial Association remained an active and successful organization into the 20th century.

In 1884, Plummer was appointed as the first black chaplain in the 9th Calvary, one of the Buffalo Soldier units of the Regular Army. Amidst controversy, Plummer was accused of conduct unbecoming an officer and dishonorably discharged from his post in Fort Robinson, Nebraska, by a military court in 1894. In 2005, Plummer's descendants successfully petitioned the Army Board for Correction of Military Records to eradicate his dishonorable discharge. They were issued a certificate from the Army that retroactively grants Plummer the honorable discharge he was denied during his life.
Related Archival Materials note:
These Smithsonian collections and digital exhibits contain related material:

Plummer-Arnold Collection, Permanent Collection, Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum. The Bladensburg Union Burial Association records, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Reverend L. Jerome Fowler. Plummer Diary Website Project, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution. For a description of the preservation of the diary, see the Smithsonian blog post "A Sense of Place."

These items held by the Smithsonian are related material:

"Out of the Depths or The Triumph of the Cross" by Nellie Arnold Plummer, Gift of the descendants of Adam and Emily Plummer. Plummer Family Diary, Gift of the Descendants of Adam and Emily Plummer. United States flag Of Henry Vinton Plummer, Gift of the descendants of Adam and Emily Plummer.

These items are held outside the Smithsonian:

Interview with Reverend L. Jerome Fowler, PTIP Interview Transcripts, Center for Heritage Resource Studies, Department of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, College Park. Images of America: Riverdale Park by Donald Lynch, Tom Alderson, and Melissa Avery, Arcadia Publishing, 2011.
The Plummer-Arnold family papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum on October 14, 2004, by Reverend L. Jerome Fowler.
The collection is open for unrestricted research. Use of the collection requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment:
The Plummer-Arnold Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Fraternal organizations  Search this
African American women  Search this
Portraits -- African American women  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
African American families  Search this
Family reunions  Search this
Military chaplains  Search this
African American women -- Societies and clubs  Search this
Discrimination in the military  Search this
Military discharge -- United States  Search this
Racism  Search this
Family papers
Photographic prints
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
The Plummer-Arnold family papers, undated-2005, bulk circa 1880-1955, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Reverend L. Jerome Fowler.
See more items in:
Plummer-Arnold Family papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Additional Online Media:

Brotherhood in combat : how African Americans found equality in Korea and Vietnam / Jeremy P. Maxwell

How African Americans found equality in Korea and Vietnam
Maxwell, Jeremy P. 1981-  Search this
United States Army African American troops History  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 207 pages ; 24 cm
United States
20th century
African American soldiers--History  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Discrimination in the military--History  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953--Participation, African American  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Participation, African American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Dreaming eagles / Garth Ennis, creator & writer ; Simon Coleby, artist ; John Kalisz, colorist ; Rob Steen, letterer ; Francisco Francavilla, front & original series covers ; Brian Stelfreeze, Phil Hester & Declan Shalvey, variant covers ; Jared K. Fletcher, logo designer ; John J. Hill, book designer ; Mike Marts, editor

Ennis, Garth  Search this
Coleby, Simon  Search this
Francavilla, Francesco  Search this
Stelfreeze, Brian  Search this
Hester, Phil 1966-  Search this
Shalvey, Declan  Search this
Kalisz, John  Search this
Steen, Rob  Search this
Logo designer:
Fletcher, Jared K.  Search this
Book designer:
Hill, John J.  Search this
Marts, Michael  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Physical description:
160 unnumbered pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Comic books, strips, etc
War comics
Comics (Graphic works)
Biographical comics
Historical comics
Graphic novels
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
African American fighter pilots  Search this
Discrimination in the military  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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