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A search for songs among the Chitimacha Indians in Louisiana / by Frances Densmore

Author:
Densmore, Frances 1867-1957  Search this
Physical description:
15 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Music
Date:
1943
Call number:
E99.C7 D46 1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_777356

MS 3942 Material relating Chippewa Music, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletins 45 and 53

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Annotator:
Richards, J. S., 1854-  Search this
Extent:
39 Items (ca. pages ca. 39 pages)
Culture:
Chippewa -- Folklore  Search this
Chippewa -- Folklore -- Chippewa  Search this
Chippewa klore -- Chippewa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
(Old Number 3917) 10 sheets of original drawings of the Mid'e and 2 Mid'e diagrams reproduced in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 45. Drawings made for F. Densmore, 1907-1908 and transmitted by her to the Bureau of American Ethnology, August 4, 1937. Also native (?) drawing of noose for catching rabbits described in the bulletin. (Specimen of noose for catching rabbit sent to U.S. National Museum, , 1964, Accession Number . (The following on micro film reel #19)-List of corrections in the text used by F. Densmore in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletins 45 and 53 as made by Father S.J. Richards, Sprague, Ontario. (Missionary to the Indians since 1883), October 8, 1939. 17 page manuscript. Also letter from F. Densmore to Dr. Stirling returning Father Richards' manuscript. "Series of Three Chippewa Stories."--March 9, 1932. 10 pages typed. Received from Densmore estate, ca. 1962. 2272 "Chippewa customs and uses of Plants." Manuscript once filed under number 2272, not present (no further information as to number of pages, etc.) Third page of handwritten manuscript describing construction of the frame of a wigwam. Refers to negative Number 596-D-13-e, found with manuscript.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3942
Local Note:
1 portfolio, 1 oversize envelope
Other Title:
Series of Three Chippewa Stories
Chippewa customs and uses of Plants
Topic:
Chippewa -- Hunting  Search this
Chippewa -- plant use  Search this
Chippewa -- wigwam constructionewa  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 3942, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3942
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3942
Additional Online Media:

MS 1609-b Menominee songs, relating to stories of Manabus

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Names:
Manabus  Search this
Culture:
Menominee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1609-b
Topic:
Music -- Menominee  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1609-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1609B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1609b

MS 1609-a Menominee songs, transcriptions and analyses, not used in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 102, "Menominee Music"

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Culture:
Menominee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1609-a
Topic:
Music -- Menominee  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1609-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1609A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1609a

MS 2937 Songs of the Quileute Indians

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder
Culture:
Quileute  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Includes 7 page manuscript and descriptive analysis of 11 songs. (4 pages transcriptions, 22 tabulated analysis, one portrait of singer, Mrs. Holden, 1 sheet with sketch of designs of face paint, recorded on old catalog card, not present.) Old catalog card was marked "pub. BAE 124." This appears to be the only manuscript now in the BAE Archives relating to this publication. See number 3157 for various other Quileute manuscripts submitted by F. Densmore, published and never returned to Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2937
Topic:
Music -- Quileute  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2937, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2937
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2937

Isleta corngrinding and war songs

Collector:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Culture:
Tiwa -- Isleta  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Material comprises: 19 pages text (including descriptive analysis), 18 pages tabulated analysis, 9 pages transcriptions.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3182
Topic:
Tiwa -- Isleta  Search this
Music -- corngrinding songs  Search this
Tiwa -- Isleta  Search this
Music -- war songs  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3182, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3182
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3182

MS 3090 Music and customs of the Tule Indians of Panama

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder
Culture:
Cuna  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1924
Scope and Contents:
Material comprises 56 typed pages manuscript, transcriptions of 2 songs and descriptive analyses of 2 songs. The title page of a manuscript "Songs and Instrumental Music of the Tule Indians of Panama," is filed herein. 56 pages text, 9 pages descriptive analyses, and 11 pages transcriptions, once filed under catalog number 3090, are no longer present. Possibly this manuscript was published in Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Volume 77, Number 11, "Study of Tule Music", 1926.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3090
Local Note:
The following have been returned to Harrington Collection, ELM, 3/78. Another copy of "Music and Customs of the Tule Indians of Panama," found in J. P. Harrington storeroom, 4/65. "Songs and Instrumental Music of the Tule Indians of Panama." 22 page manuscript, 5 pages in the hand of J. P. Harrington, found in J. P. Harrington storeroom, 4/65.
Topic:
Cuna Indians  Search this
Music  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Panama  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3090, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3090
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3090

MS 3258 Choctaw music

Collector:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Culture:
Choctaw -- Music  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Musical transcriptions
Date:
1933-1940
Scope and Contents:
Material includes Manuscript "Choctaw Music," 144 typed pages, 14 photographic illustrations, and transcriptions of 65 songs and one flute melody.
(Old Number Manuscripts used in writing 3258 and filed with it: 3258-a "Choctaw Songs of Dances and Games." 33 page Manuscript including descriptive analyses of 25 songs. (50 pages tabulated analyses, 19 pages transcriptions, and 6 photographs, recorded on old catatog card, are not present.) Submitted March 25, 1933. 3258-b "Choctaw War and Dance Songs." 15 page Manuscript (12 transcriptions of songs with original phonograph records, recorded on old catalog card, are not present.) Submitted March 18, 1933. 3259-b (part) Choctaw text from Manuscript "Choctaw and Seminole Songs." June 14, 1939. Typescript document 16 pages. The Seminole material is separately filed under Seminole Manuscript Number 4690.
(Old Number) 3259-d "Tabulated analysis of Choctaw songs, with final numbering but not with final titles. Contains many memoranda analyses that have not been submitted with manuscripts but were made for use in the final summary of Choctaw analyses." Returned by Frances Densmore. --- Original field notes of F. Densmore on Choctaw music. Approximately 50 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3258-a-b-c-d
Other Title:
Choctaw Music
Choctaw Songs of Dances and Games
Choctaw War and Dance Songs
Choctaw and Seminole Songs
Tabulated analysis of Choctaw songs, with final numbering but not with final titles
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Musical transcriptions
Citation:
Manuscript 3258-a-b-c-d, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3258
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3258

MS 3137 Material relating to the Music of Alaska, Acoma, and Yuma Indians

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Chapman, John W. (John Wight), 1858-1939  Search this
Informant:
Fox, James  Search this
Culture:
Athapascan -- Northern  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Deg Hit'an Indians  Search this
Yuma  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Musical transcriptions
Date:
ca. 1929-37
Scope and Contents:
Includes: (1) "A Comparison between Yuma, Acoma, and Alaska Indian Songs" 19 pages. (2) Descriptive analysis of seven Acoma songs 7 pages. (3) Material relating to eight Alaska Indian songs sung by James Fox and recorded by the Reverend John W. Chapman at Anvik, Alaska. The songs are those of the waterspirit, crane, fox, owl, woodpecker, jay, porcupine, and crow. They have been identified as being Ingalik, perhaps on the basis of where they were recorded. The words, if there were any, have not been included in the transcriptions. (a) Descriptive analysis 2 pages. (b) Three sets of musical transcriptions (15 pages) plus a photostatic copy of one set. The three transcriptions differ in small but significant ways. (c) Forms used in analyzing the songs 16 pages. (d) Fragment of a note that includes information about Fox, Chapman, and the acquisition of the sound recordings by the Bureau of American Ethnology 1 page. (e) Fragment of a note about the songs and the quality of the recordings 1 page. (f) Fragment of a letter, Chapman to Densmore, May 11, 1931, including information incorporated in f, above 2 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3137
Other Title:
A Comparison between Yuma, Acoma, and Alaska Indian Songs
Topic:
Music -- Acoma  Search this
Music -- Ingalik  Search this
Music -- Yuma  Search this
Ingalik  Search this
Genre/Form:
Musical transcriptions
Citation:
Manuscript 3137, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3137
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3137

MS 3245 Manuscripts relating to the study of Alabama ("Alabamu") Indian music

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Depicted:
Thompson, Charles Martin, 1860-1935  Search this
Extent:
1 Portfolio
Culture:
Alibamu -- Music  Search this
Alibamu -- Buffalo dance  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Portfolios
Date:
1933, 1946
Scope and Contents:
Includes: "Alabama Music." Typed carbon copy of unpublished manuscript, pages 251-256. This manuscript is a brief resume of F. Densmore's work with Alabama (Alibamu) music. No date appears on the manuscript but it could not have been written before 1933 and probably was written ca. 1940's because the page numbers correspond to similar resumes for the Acoma and Winnebago. This carbon copy was received from the Densmore estate, ca. 1962. "Alabama Music" by F. Densmore, "based upon unpublished material in the possession of the Bureau of American Ethnology and used by permission," 28 pages typed carbon copy. No date appears on the title page of the manuscript but it was probably written after her return from field work among the Alabama Indians in 1933. Old Manuscript Number 3245 "Songs of the Alibamu Indians." 49 typed pages of text, including descriptive analysis of 35 songs. Submitted April 25, 1933. Old Manuscript Number 3246 "Alibamu songs of the Buffalo and other Dances." 12 typed pages of text including descriptive analysis of 12 songs. Submitted May 15, 1933. "Alabama Music by Frances Densmore." 69 typed pages of text and two portraits of the singer Charles Martin Thompson; tabulated analyses of 47 songs, and 18 pages of musical transcriptions. The text, illustrations and transcriptions are on microfilm in the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3245
Other Title:
Alabama Music
Songs of the Alibamu Indians
Alibamu songs of the Buffalo and other Dances
Alabama Music by Frances Densmore
Topic:
Dance -- Alibamu  Search this
Music -- Alibamu  Search this
Buffalo dance -- Alibamu  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3245, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3245
See more items in:
MS 3245 Manuscripts relating to the study of Alabama ("Alabamu") Indian music
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3245

MS 3261 Manuscripts relating to Winnebago music

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Draftsman:
Yellowbank  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes
1 Portfolio
Culture:
Winnebago -- Music  Search this
Hopi -- Songs  Search this
Zuni -- Songs  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Winnebago -- drumsticks  Search this
Menominee -- striking sticks  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Portfolios
Songs
Date:
1927-1939
Scope and Contents:
Material includes manuscript "Winnebago Music," 362 typed pages, 50 illustrations (filed separately in original prints file, Bureau of American Ethnology File, Number 3261 part), transcriptions of 205 Winnebago songs, and 2 flute melodies (ca. 116 pages) marked "ready for publication" and submitted November 28, 1939; and original copies of 205 Winnebago songs received from the Densmore estate, ca. 1962. This manuscript was compiled from various Winnebago manuscripts submitted by the author to the Bureau of American Ethnology at intervals, 1927-1940.

Contents:

"Winnebago Music." Contains material from 14 Winnebago manuscripts formerly submitted. Revised in final form for publication November, 1940 by Miss Densmore. 362 pages numbered 1 through 318 with some pages having several sub-letters. The manuscript contains an 83 page section on "The Peyote Cult". "Winnebago Music." Carbon copy of unpublished manuscript, pages 220-240. This manuscript is a brief resume of F. Densmore's work with Winnebago songs and dances. No date appears on the manuscript but it could not have been written before 1940. Tabulated analyses from the various Winnebago manuscripts in the following list were sent to F. Densmore, returned by F. Densmore, July 19, 1939, and not refiled with the manuscript to which they belong. Now filed together in 1st envelope.

Old Manuscript Number 2974, "14 Winnebago songs used in the treatment of the sick." 10 page manuscript, 7 page descriptive analysis of songs. Material was collected at Galesville, Wisconsin, November 23, 1927.

Old Manuscript Number 2986, "22 Winnebago songs of the Winter Feast." 22 page manuscript. Submitted April 21, 1928.

Old Manuscript Number 3029, "28 Winnebago war songs." 34 page manuscript including descriptive analysis of songs. Material collected in Trempeleau and near Galesville, Wisconsin, October 1927. Submitted November 26, 1928.

Old Manuscript Number 3106, "Origin-song of the dice game and other Winnebago songs." 11 page manuscript, 7 page descriptive analysis. Submitted December 15, 1928.

Old Manuscript Number 3107, "13 Winnebago songs connected to the recent war, and 17 tables showing a comparison between songs of the Pawnee and songs of the Chippewa, Sioux and other tribes." 11 page manuscript, 9 page descriptive analysis. Submitted January 26, 1929.

Old Manuscript Number 3115, "19 Winnebago songs connected with legends, games and dances." 14 page manuscript, 11 page descriptive analysis. Material collected near Black Falls, Wisconsin, September 1928 and submitted to the Bureau of American Ethnology March 2, 1929. Also "data concerning two Winnebago drumsticks and a pair of Menominee "striking sticks." 1 page, 1 illustration. 3/5/1929

Old Manuscript Number 3156, "12 Winnebago songs of games and dances." 17 page manuscript including descriptive analyses of 12 songs. Material collected Tomah, Wisconsin and near Wisconsin Rapids, June 26, 1930.

Old Manuscript Number 3178 "Songs for a spirit of the dead, and other Winnebago songs." (36 pages analysis, 9 sheets transcriptions, 4 small photos, recorded on the old catalog card are not present. Material collected at Dallas on Wisconsin River, October 31, 1930.

Old Manuscript Number 3179 "Winnebago songs of the Water-spirit and Night-spirit bundles." 21 page manuscript including descriptive analysis. (24 pages tabulated analysis, 9 sheets transcriptions, 2 photos of John Smoke, recorded on old catalog card are not present) Submitted September 20, 1930.

Old Manuscript Number 3198 "Winnebago songs of the Medicine Lodge: Buffalo Feast and Fish Dance." 28 page manuscript including descriptive analysis. (Tabulated analysis, transcriptions and 2 illustrations recorded on the old catalog card are not present) Material collected at Red Wing, Minnesota, September 1930. Submitted June 27, 1931.

Old Manuscript Number 3201 "(14) Pueblo (Hopi, Zuni), Navaho and Winnebago Songs." 21 page manuscript including descriptive analysis. (Transcription, tabulated analysis and illustrations recorded on old catalog card are not present.) Submitted October 16, 1931.

Old Manuscript Number 3205 "The Peyote Cult and Treatment of the Sick among the Winnebago Indians." 44 page typed manuscript including descriptive analysis of 17 songs, 1 original diagram of Peyote lodge, drawn by Yellowbank, and 8" X 10" photo of musical instruments, and 4 photo illustrations (Bureau of American Ethnology # 3261-b,27,28,29,30). (Transcriptions and tabulated analysis recorded on old catalog card are not present.) Submitted October 16, 1931.

Old Manuscript Number 3229 (pt) "Winnebago, Iroquois, Pueblo (Zuni and Cochiti), and British Columbia (Nitinat, Fraser and Thompson River) songs, with catalog numbers of 143 songs." Catalog numbers of song numbers 1981-2123 is the only remaining part of this manuscript. (60 page manuscript, recorded on old catalog card, was separated at intervals. The Iroquois section was pulled August 1955 and is now filed Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript # 3378. The Pueblo section was pulled August 1955 and now filed Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript # 4482 (old number 3229 part). The British Columbia Section was pulled August 1955 and is now filed Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript # 3371 (old number 3229 part). All this material accounts for pages 35-60 of the 60 page manuscript. The first 25 pages must have refered to the Winnebago and perhaps a comparative analysis of the songs of these different tribes, but these 25 pages have not been located.

Old Manuscript Number 3261-a "(9) Winnebago Songs of the Peyote Ceremony." 17 page typed manuscript including descriptive analysis, 1 diagram, 3 portraits of singers now in illustration file # 3261-b:31, 33, 34). (18 page tabulated analysis and 6 page transcriptions, recorded on old catalog card, are not present, 1965) Submitted June 21, 1932.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3261
Provenance:
Submitted by the author to the Bureau of American Ethnology at intervals, and some manuscripts received from the Densmore estate, ca. 1962.
Topic:
Peyote -- Winnebago  Search this
Music -- Winnebago  Search this
Peyotism -- Winnebago  Search this
Games -- Winnebago  Search this
Dances -- Winnebago  Search this
Music -- Hopi  Search this
Music -- Winnebago  Search this
Music -- Navaho  Search this
Music -- Zuni  Search this
Peyote lodge -- Winnebago  Search this
Musical instruments -- Winnebago  Search this
Musical instruments -- Menominee  Search this
Genre/Form:
Songs
Citation:
Manuscript 3261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3261
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3261

MS 4337-b Musical Customs of the Indians of the Parana Delta and La Plata Littoral and the Gran Chaco of South America

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
17 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Compiled from Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, Handbook of South American Indians, Volume 1.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4337-b
Topic:
Music -- South America  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4337-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4337B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4337b

MS 1012 Tabulated analysis of 167 Papago songs used in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 90

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
487 Pages
Culture:
Papago  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1012
Local Note:
"Papago Music" 382 page manuscript, 79 sheets transcriptions, 56 illustrations, 41 pages of notes on Papago words, all once filed under old manuscript number 1670 was apparently sent to the editor's office, November 18, 1927, and never returned.
photostat copies
Topic:
Music -- Papago  Search this
Papago (Tohono O'odham)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1012, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1012
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1012

Photographs of North American geology and scenery

Photographer:
Caswell & Davy  Search this
Continent Stereoscopic Company  Search this
Mitchell and Baer  Search this
Park and Company  Search this
Rice & Perkins  Search this
Thomas Houseworth & Co.  Search this
Whitney & Zimmerman  Search this
William Notman & Son  Search this
Addison, George A.  Search this
Baer, Edwin  Search this
Barber, A. W.  Search this
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Billington, W. C.  Search this
Bragaw  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davidson, I. G.  Search this
Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Fennemore, James, 1849-1941  Search this
Gates, G. F. (George F.)  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Leach, J. A.  Search this
McMurry  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Ogden, Herbert Gouverneur, 1846-1906  Search this
Partridge, W. H. (William Henry), 1858-1939  Search this
Randall, A. F. (A. Frank)  Search this
Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), 1852-1906  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Shaw, Clarence H.  Search this
Spaulding, Randall  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Thurlow, J., 1831-1878  Search this
True, Frederick William, 1858-1914  Search this
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
William, J. J.  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1,195 Prints (albumen, silver gelatin, and platinum)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Place:
Wyoming
Virginia
New York
New Mexico
Vermont
South Carolina
Maine
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Montana
Nebraska
Alaska
British Columbia
Arizona
Colorado
California
Date:
1871-1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of geologic features and the natural environment of the American West, Alaska, and Mexico, most of which were created during government surveys and the expansion of railroads during the 1800s. There are also photographs collected and made by individuals who worked or traveled in the west. Depicted locales include Alaska, Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and Wyoming, and there are some additional images of artifacts, artwork, and portraits. Photographers represented include William Henry Jackson, John K. Hillers, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, E. O. Beaman, James Fennemore, William Bell, and other professional and amateur photographers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 37
Varying Form of Title:
Scenic Views of North America
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Charles Savage photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 156.
Bourne & May photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 159.
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional photographs by photographers or from accessions represented in this collection in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 40, and other numbered photo lots.
See others in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery, 1871-1912
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Formations (Geology)  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Citation:
Photo lot 37, Photographs of North American geology and scenery,National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-37

James A. Clifton photographs of Potawatomis and Potawatomi artifacts

Creator:
Clifton, James A. (photographer and collector)  Search this
Names:
Topeka Capital-Journal  Search this
Photographer:
Bee, Robert L.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Field, H.B.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Extent:
20 mounted prints (silver gelatin)
7 mounted copy prints
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Mounted copy prints
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1963-1964
circa 1850-1965
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Potawatomi Indians, including copy prints of 19th century portraits as well as photographs by James A. Clifton and Dr. Robert L. Bee of Potawatomi interviewees and a Potawatomi pow wow. The collection also includes images of Potawatomi artifacts, including heirloom pipes, a grave house, dice counters, a drum and Ojibwa participants in a drum presentation ceremony. Photographs are mounted for publication and have captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
James A. Clifton is a psychological anthropologist and ethnohistorian. He graduated with a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Oregon in 1960 and was the Emeritus Frankenthal Professor of Anthropology and History at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-46
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints probably made by Regents Press of Kansas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Originals for Bureau of American Ethnology copy prints can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Reference Prints File and the BAE Historical Negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds$dJames A. Clifton's Research Files on the Kansas Potawatomi, his Report on a Survey of Potawatomi Indian Groups in Canada (MS 7198), and his revised draft of "Escape, Evasion, and Eviction: Adaptive Responses of the Indians of the Old Northwest to the Jacksonian Removal Policy in the 1830s" (MS 7395).
James Clifton photographs of Ruth Landes, a Potawatomi woman, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Ruth Landes's papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of photographs held by Chicago Historical Society and British Museum cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Topic:
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 78-46, James Alfred Clifton photographs of Potawatomis and Potawatomi artifacts, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-46
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-46

Frances Densmore photographs of July 4 observances at Standing Rock Reservation

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
9 Prints (silver gelatin)
7 Negatives (nitrate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Negatives
Photographs
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting camps and scenery during July 4th observances in 1912 at Bullhead, Standing Rock Reservation, South Dakota. Handwriting on the photographs' versos is probably that of Frances Densmore.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frances Densmore (1867-1957) was born in Red Wing, Minnesota, and educated at Oberlin College Conservatory of Music (1884-1886). She taught music in St. Paul until 1889, when she moved to Boston to study with composers at Harvard University. Soon thereafter, Densmore became interested in American Indian music and she did her first field studies with the Ojibwa Indians in Minnesota in 1905. She became associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1907, which helped fund her trips to record music, collect musical insturments, and make photographs documenting tribes across the United States. Densmore stayed with the Bureau for fifty years until her death in Red Wing in 1957.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81L
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Frances Densmore papers (MS 4250) and material relating to her music research (MS 3370 and other numbered manuscript collections).
Densmore photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, MS 4250, MS 4635, MS 3261, MS 4690, MS 4877, Photo Lot 33, and the BAE historical negatives.
Correspondence from Densmore held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4846, MS 4821, Bureau of American Ethnology records, Science Service records, records of the Department of Anthropology, and collections of personal papers.
The Braun Research Library at Autry National Center and the Minnesota Historical Society also hold Frances Densmore papers.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81L, Frances Densmore photographs of July 4 observances at Standing Rock Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81L
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81l

MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, A. P.  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

Portraits of anthropologists

Depicted:
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
United States De Soto Expedition Commission  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bond, Q. M.  Search this
Cammerer, Arno B.  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Davis, E. H. (Edwin Hamilton), 1811-1888  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Geary, James A.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881  Search this
Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Rink, Signe  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Royce, Charles C., 1845-1923  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Photographer:
Bachrach & Brother  Search this
Blackstone Studios  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Bailey, Vernon Orlando  Search this
Dana (of New York)  Search this
Garrett, Gene  Search this
Gilbert, C. W.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Kemethy, Kets  Search this
Koby, Paul  Search this
McDonough, David  Search this
Parker, Charles  Search this
Phillips, H. C.  Search this
Rice (of Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Artist:
Nicholson, Grace  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photogravure)
8 Prints (halftone (including one newspaper clipping))
124 Prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
50 copy prints (circa)
3 copper printing plates
1 color print
1 Print (wood engraving)
3 copy negatives (glass)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Copy prints
Color prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1860s-1970
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is an artificial collection of photographs, copper plates, and a few notes, all of which depict or relate to anthropologists, many of which were associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Included are portraits of Franz Boas, Q. M. Bond, Arno B. Cammerer, Frank Hamilton Cushing, Edwin Hamilton Davis, J. Woodbridge Davis, Frances Densmore, James Owen Dorsey, Philip Drucker, Jesse Walter Fewkes (including photographs of his home by Frances Densmore), Albert Samuel Gatschet, James A. Geary, De Lancey W. Gill, George Brown Goode, Horatio Hale, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Eugene Irving Knez, Alfred Louis Kroeber, Pere Albert Lacomb, Augustus Le Plongeon, James Mooney, Lewis Henry Morgan, Carl Oschsicanes, James Constantine Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Frau Signe Rink, Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., Charles C. Royce, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Julian Haynes Steward, Steward Struever, James Gilchrist Swan, John Reed Swanton, Edwin P. Upham, Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Gordon Randolph Willey. Groups depicted include the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1936; the De Soto Commission; officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1885; a 1920 expedition group to Hawikuk; staff of the Great Lakes Division, United States Geological Survey, in Salt Lake City, 1882; a group at Moundville, Alabama, 1932; the University of Nebraska archeological field party, 1920; the Pecos conference, 1927; John Wesley Powell with Wild Hank, Kentucky Mountain Bill, and Jesus Aloiso; and the United States Geological Survey staff, ca. 1894.

Among photographers represented are Vernon Orlando Bailey, Blackston Studios of New York, Dana of New York, Frances Densmore, Gene Garrett, C. W. Gilbert, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, Kets Kemethy, Paul Koby, David McDonough, H. C. Phillips, Rice of Washington, D. C., and J. A. Shuck of El Reno, Oklahoma.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 33
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs with negatives by Matilda Coxe Stevenson have been relocated to Photo Lot 23.
This collection includes photographs that have been removed from other collections in the National Anthropological Archives, including MS 4970, MS 4851, MS 4780, MS 4250, MS 4751, MS 4516, MS 4860, MS 4695, MS 4970, MS 4558, and Photo Lot 33.
See others in:
Portraits of anthropologists, 1860s-1960s
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of photographs held by the American Philosophical Society, National Geographic Society, and National Archives cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 33, Portraits of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-33

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Cherokee, Eastern  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Juaneño Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Additional Online Media:

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Potowatomi  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Quebec -- bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Additional Online Media:

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