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Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Motion Pictures

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
2.96 Cubic feet (consisting of 5.5 boxes, 1 folder, 7 oversize folders, 8 map case folders, 1 flat box (partial), plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Theater programs
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1893-1969
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Motion Pictures forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents note:
Motion pictures were first publicly exhibited in the United States at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois in 1893. While the films exhibited there were technically crude with little to no plot or story and far from the polished product of today, they immediately caught the public's attention.

Within a short time the motion picture industry (creation, distribution, and marketing) had grown into a lucrative business. Those first motion pictures were often short serial films run in a series to keep customers coming back to follow the story's plot line to its conclusion. Gradually, films became longer and a number of performers developed legions of fans guaranteeing a certain amount of box office business from name recognition of the star alone.

Initially, the film industry consisted of many small companies, but competition cleared the field and fewer, larger corporations cornered the market in both production and distribution. Independent theatre owners, who were at first almost wholly independent of the production companies, also became rare as the major theatre chains developed their own movie studios to ensure a steady stream of films to be shown at their theaters. The film industry, at first based in New York City and on the East Coast, moved to the famed Hollywood, California, in the late 1910s early 1920s.

The Motion Pictures section of the Warshaw Collection consists of various types of materials relating to motion pictures. The collection is especially strong for the silent movie era, 1893-1927. This portion of the collection is divided into seven series.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Motion Pictures is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc.  Search this
Actresses  Search this
Motion picture industry  Search this
Motion pictures  Search this
Theater  Search this
Motion pictures -- History  Search this
Motion pictures, American  Search this
Filmmakers  Search this
Silent films  Search this
Sound film  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Motion picture actors and actresses  Search this
Actors  Search this
Actresses -- United States  Search this
advertising -- Motion pictures  Search this
Genre/Form:
Theater programs
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Motion Pictures, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Motion
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Motion Pictures
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-motion
Additional Online Media:

Jeni LeGon Papers

Author:
LeGon, Jeni, 1916-  Search this
Names:
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box, includes photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters (correspondence)
Programs
Photographs
Clippings
Itineraries
Advertisements
Date:
1930 - 2002
Summary:
The collection documents the career of Jeni LeGon as a dancer, dance instructor and actress.
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting LeGon's career as an actress and dancer. The collection includes biographical information; letters; photographs of LeGon, her students, and other dancers with whom she worked, including Bill "Bojangles" Robinson"; her early travel itineraries, schedules and personal calendars; an honorary doctoral degree; programs; advertisements and invitations to dance events; a scrapbook of clippings; and clippings and articles.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Early Career, 1930s

Series 2, Materials relating to Movie Performances, 1935-1945

Series 3, Dance Instruction and Performances, 1953-2002

Series 4, Tributes and Awards, 1979-2002
Biographical / Historical:
Jeni LeGon has been credited as being one of the first African-American women to establish a solo career in tap. Born Jennie Bell in Chicago, Illinois she began in musical theater at the age of thirteen. Her long career has allowed her to work with well-known artists including Count Basie, Leonard Reed, Ethel Waters, Al Jolson, Fred Astaire, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, and Fats Waller. She died on December 7, 2012 at the age of ninety-six.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Jeni LeGon in 2002.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American women entertainers  Search this
African American women  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc.  Search this
Dance, Black  Search this
Dancers  Search this
Actresses  Search this
Tap dancing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Programs -- 1930-2000
Photographs -- 20th century
Clippings
Itineraries
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Jeni LeGon Papers, 1930s-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0829
See more items in:
Jeni LeGon Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0829
Additional Online Media:

Kendall Productions Records

Topic:
Dance Party: the Teenarama Story (television program)
Teenarama (television program)
Creator:
Kendall Productions  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Cubic feet (3 cartons, 2 oversized boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Scripts (documents)
Notes
Audiocassettes
Compact discs
Research
Photographs
Questionnaires
Letters (correspondence)
Interviews
Federal government records
Clippings
Videocassettes
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1952-2006
bulk 1997-2004
Summary:
The Kendall Productions records date from 1952-2006 with the bulk of material dating from 1997-2004 and measure 4.42 cubic feet. The records consist of material documenting the Kendall Productions documentary Dance Party: The Teenarama Story which first aired on Howard University's PBS affiliate WHUT in 2006. The records are comprised of research and production notes, government records, newspaper articles, questionnaires, photographs, letters, and scripts, accompanied by a significant amount of original media in the following formats: VHS and Beta videocassettes, audiocassettes, and audio compact discs.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Kendall Productions measure 4.6 cubic feet and date from 1952 to 2006, with the bulk of material dating from 1997-2004. The records contain the administrative files, research, project files, photographs, and audiovisual material produced during the creation of the documentary Dance Party: The Teenarama Story.

Administrative records include committee records, project assessments, budget files, promotional material, correspondence, and material related to individuals working on the documentary. Material within the series directly relate to the production processes of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story. Restricted files within the series have been indicated at the folder level. The administrative records were previously scattered throughout the collection.

Research files include biographical information, the history of television broadcasting in Washington D.C., community history, background on Teenarama, and race relations from 1940 through the 1960s. The research file subjects were originally labeled by the creators, and their subject designations have been maintained where relevant. Material includes newsclippings, informational booklets, notes, pamphlets, unpublished essays or write-ups, and prints of website pages.

Project files include interview transcripts and copies of questions for interviewees, documentary scripts, event fliers, equipment request forms, and realia. Event material relates to the production of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story, and not events related to the release or showings of the finished documentary.

Photographs document people who were a part of the Teenarama show, cast reunion events, and the documentary filming or recording processes. Folder titles were given by the creators and have been maintained. They are organized alphabetically by folder title.

Audiovisual material contains 63 items, a majority of which are VHS tapes. Material includes clips and edits of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story. Objects are listed alphabetically by their labels. Playback equipment is available.
Arrangement:
Kendall Productions Records is arranged in five series:

Series 1: Administrative Records

Series 2: Research Files

Series 3: Project Files

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Audiovisual Material
Historical Note:
The documentary film Dance Party: The Teenarama Story first broadcast in 2006 on the Howard University public television station WHUT in Washington D.C. The film traced the history and development of the television show Teenarama that aired from March 7, 1963 to November 20, 1970.

Teenarama originated as the Teenarama Dance Party radio program broadcast on WOOK Radio in Washington D.C. and became a television program after WOOK Radio received a license to operate a television station. The program premiered as a teen dance show for Black teenagers in the Washington D.C. and surrounding metropolitan area, featuring popular songs. The show's programming was first created by Cal Hackett and Al Jefferson. Bob King hosted the show from 1963-1965. Following King's departure, the show rotated hosts such as Leon Isaac Kennedy, Moon Man, and Daniel "Hollywood Breeze" Clayton. Guest performers on the show included James Brown, Smokey Robinson and The Miracles, Major Lance, Mary Wells, Aretha Franklin, Lou Rawls, Billy Stewart, Martha and The Vandellas, the Supremes, and the Four Seasons, among others. The program broadcasted live six days a week, the first of its kind in the country catering specifically to a Black audience.

The documentary about Teenarama was created by Beverly Lindsay-Johnson, Herb Grimes, and the National Hand Dance Association, and was funded in part by grants through the Humanities Council of Washington D.C.,The DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities, The Dudley Foundation and private donations. The film uses Teenarama to tell the story of teen dance television shows, youth and pop culture, race, and television history. The documentary is narrated by Martha Reeves of Martha and The Vandellas.
Provenance:
Donated by Beverly Lindsey-Johnson in 2006.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Television stations  Search this
Teen television programs  Search this
African Americans -- Social life and customs  Search this
African Americans on television  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Scripts (documents)
Notes
Audiocassettes
Compact discs
Research
Photographs
Questionnaires
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Interviews
Federal government records
Clippings
Videocassettes
Citation:
Kendall Productions records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Beverly Lindsey-Johnson.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-055
See more items in:
Kendall Productions Records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-055

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection

Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1900-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Names:
Apollo Theatre (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (352 film reels , 16 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Date:
1894-1979
Summary:
More than 300 reels of 16mm black and white and color film, silent and sound, fiction and documentary motion picture film documenting jazz and related musical performances, social and popular dance styles and performances, jazz musicians, performance locales, and documentation of African-American popular culture. A list of featured performers in the collection is shown below. The films are frequently compilations produced by Smith for lectures.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 352 reels of 16mm motion picture film. Most of the film is 16mm black and white and sound (composite optical track print), although a few titles are silent or in color. The collection is comprised of compilation reels created by Ernie Smith to accompany his lectures, topical compilation reels created by Ernie Smith, compilation reels created by the Archives Center, and single title reels. The Archives Center produced master and reference video copies using a wet-gate telecine film-to-tape transfer system. Titles were often combined to allow for increased ease of handling, storage, and duplication.

The collection is strongest in the areas of jazz dance styles including Lindy Hop and tap, overviews of jazz musical performers and styles; specific jazz musicians and performers including Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Woody Herman, Artie Shaw, Bob Crosby, Lionel Hampton, Count Basie, Jack Teagarden as well as a wide range of female vocalists; and documentation of the New York jazz and club scene. The collection includes feature films and excerpts from feature films, Soundies and other film shorts, television kinescopes, and documentary films.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series and is not arranged in accordance with standard archival procedures. The breadth of the collection and the existence of so many multiple topic and/or performer compilation reels made it impossible to impose traditional archival series order. Therefore, each reel is described at the item level in the container list.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernie Smith began collecting jazz-related film in 1955. He wrote the entry about jazz film in the "Grove Dictionary of Jazz," and worked with Marshall Stearns on the book "Jazz Dance."
Ernest (Ernie) Smith began collecting jazz and jazz dance films during the mid-1950s. An Art Director for a New York advertising agency, Smith had a long-standing interest in jazz and jazz dance that began during his youth in Pittsburgh, Pa. Early on, Smith discovered that jazz music was best appreciated while dancing. He became an accomplished Lindy Hopper, frequenting both white and African American ballrooms.

His job at the advertising agency supported Smith's two passions - painting and jazz dance and music. Smith was also a film enthusiast so, in 1954, after taking a jazz class at the New School taught by Marshall Stearns, a leading jazz scholar, he began collecting examples of jazz and jazz dance on film. In the process of creating his film collection, Smith became one of the leading authorities on jazz and jazz dance films. He collaborated with Stearns on the 1964 book Jazz Dance, compiling the book's jazz dance film listing. He also wrote the extensive entry on jazz film for the 1988 edition of New Grove Dictionary of Jazz .

Smith built his film collection by identifying films of potential interest and acquiring them through trade and purchase. He created lecture reels on specific topics -- the history of jazz, social dance, tap dance, Duke Ellington, Lindy Hop -- and presented lecture/screenings nationally and internationally. He also provided footage for numerous documentaries and maintained active relationships with filmmakers, other film collectors, jazz scholars, the swing dance community, and musicians.

Ernie Smith donated his film collection to the Archives Center in 1993. He continues to lecture and participate in swing dance activities, but he devotes the majority of his time to painting and related artistic pursuits.
Provenance:
The Archives Center acquired the collection from Ernie Smith in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tap dancing -- 1930-1970  Search this
Motion pictures and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Dancing in motion pictures, television, etc. -- 1930-1970  Search this
Television and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz dance -- 1930-1970  Search this
African Americans in the performing arts -- 1930-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0491
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0491

America dancing : from the cakewalk to the moonwalk / Megan Pugh

Title:
From the cakewalk to the moonwalk
Author:
Pugh, Megan 1982-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 398 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
Topic:
Dance--History  Search this
Dance--Social aspects--History  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc--History  Search this
Popular culture--History  Search this
African American dance--History  Search this
African American dancers--History  Search this
Jazz dance--History  Search this
Tap dancing--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089517

Film choreographers and dance directors : an illustrated biographical encyclopedia, with a history and filmographies, 1893 through 1995 / by Larry Billman

Author:
Billman, Larry  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 652 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc--History  Search this
Choreography--Filmography  Search this
Choreographers--Biography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_527607

Envisioning dance on film and video / Judy Mitoma, editor ; Elizabeth Zimmer, text editor ; Dale Ann Stieber, DVD editor ; Nelli Heinonen, associate editor ; Norah Zuňiga Shaw, assistant editor

Author:
Mitoma, Judith  Search this
Zimmer, Elizabeth  Search this
Stieber, Dale Ann  Search this
Heinonen, Nelli  Search this
Shaw, Norah Zuňiga  Search this
Physical description:
xxxii, 336 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2002
Topic:
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc  Search this
Choreography  Search this
Call number:
GV1779 .E58 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_926993

Dancing with the stars / Norman Borine

Author:
Borine, Norman (1917-2005)  Search this
Subject:
Borine, Norman (1917-2005)  Search this
Physical description:
234 p. : ill., ports. ; 18 x 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
California
Los Angeles
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
Dancers  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc  Search this
Motion picture actors and actresses  Search this
Musical films  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_930513

Dance with camera / Jenelle Porter [editor]

Author:
Porter, Jenelle  Search this
University of Pennsylvania Institute of Contemporary Art  Search this
Contemporary Arts Museum  Search this
Physical description:
174, [2] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2009
Topic:
Dance photography  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc  Search this
Dance photography--Technique  Search this
Call number:
TR817.5 .D36 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_936203

Dance, choreography and Nollywood / Segun O. Oyewo

Author:
Oyewo, Segun O  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
2008
Topic:
Motion pictures, Nigerian--Plots, themes, etc  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc  Search this
Dance  Search this
Call number:
PN1993.5.A35 A34 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_981146

Africa through the eye of the camera : pornography or choreography? / Yeside Dosumu-Lawal

Author:
Dosumu-Lawal, Yeside  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
2008
Topic:
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc  Search this
Pornographic films  Search this
Erotic films  Search this
Call number:
PN1993.5.A35 A34 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_981147

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