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Hide/Seek: "Camouflage Self-Portrait" by Andy Warhol - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-07T22:41:17.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_C0IAZ6DwloQ

The First Air Voyage in North America

Artist:
Charles R. Gardner  Search this
Medium:
Print, Woodcut on Paper
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 30.5 × 45.7cm (1 ft. × 1 ft. 6 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donor: Pennsylvania Mutual Life Insurance Company
Inventory Number:
A19320043000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19320043000

Notebook kept by Rafinesque on a trip from Philadelphia to Kentucky, 1818

Alternate Title:
Book 17th of notes  Search this
Collection name:
C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque papers, 1815-1834 and undated
Physical Description:
1 notebook
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 1 Folder 3
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Sketches
Maps
Itineraries
Place:
United States
Pennsylvania
District of Columbia
Kentucky
New York
Date Range:
1818
Start Date:
18181024
End Date:
1818
Topic:
Ichthyology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Botany  Search this
Entomology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Mycology  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007250
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque papers, 1815-1834 and undated
See more records associated with this person:
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI44
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Notebook kept by Rafinesque on a trip from Philadelphia to Kentucky, 1818 digital asset number 1
Additional Online Media:

Ethel Cutler Freeman papers

Creator:
Freeman, Ethel Cutler, 1886-1972  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61.03 Linear feet (114 boxes)
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Culture  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Florida
Date:
1934-1972
Summary:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was an amateur Seminole specialist and research associate with the American Museum of Natural History. Her papers also reflect field work among the Arapaho, Shoshoni, Navaho, Pueblo, Hopi, Kickapoo, and people of the Virgin Islands, the Bahama Islands, and Haiti, and the music and chants of Africa, including those of the Maasai, Zulu, and Pygmies. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member. Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the anthropological interests of Ethel Cutler Freeman. The papers in this collection include her notes and diaries, published articles, unfinished manuscripts, and source materials. The bulk of the collection is material relating to the Seminole Indians of Florida.

Mrs. Freeman also made several trips to the Southwest and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, and Hopi. There is substantial information from these studies included in this collection. She also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, she studied tribal music and chants of several African tribes and the material from these studies forms the major portion of Series 7.

The collection also contains several sound recordings made by Freeman and numerous photographs, negatives, and slides. During rehousing, additional materials including index cards and notebooks from field trips were located and incorporated into the collection. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member.

Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History as well as Dean Amadon, Richard Archbold, Conrad M. Arensberg, Dana W. Atchley, Jacques Barzun, Ruth Benedict, Leonard J. Brass, Louis Capron, Frances Densmore, Margery S. Douglas, John W. Griffin, A.J. Hanna, Ronald F. Lee, Margaret Mead, Robert Cushman Murphy, Kenneth W. Porter, Harry L. Shapiro, Howard Sharp, Frank Speck, Charlton W. Tebean, and Clark Wissler.

Although the majority of the collection spans the years 1934 to 1972, there are some items with dates that fall outside of this range. Some published materials are dated as early as 1822 and one note is dated 1975 and was added to the collection after Freeman's death in 1972. The folders containing these items have been dated accordingly, but these outlier dates have not affected the dates of the sub-series or series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 15 series: (1) Biographical information and miscellaneous personal papers, 1939-1971; (2) Correspondence, 1936-1972; (3) Manuscripts, 1936-1971; (4) Source Material, 1934-1970; (5) Seminole Indians, 1934-1972; (6) North American Indians, 1936-1971; (7) Cultures other than North American Indian, 1943-1970; (8) Meetings, 1956-1968; (9) Printed materials, 1936-1972; (10) Pamphlets, 1935-1970; (11) Population and Material Culture, 1939, 1951-1963; (12) Sound recordings, 1940-1958, 1969-1970; (13) Lists of Photographs, 1939-1970; (14) Photographs, 1936-1971; (15) Index Cards, undated
Biographical Note:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was born in 1886 in Morristown, New Jersey. Freeman was the daughter of a prosperous family, which gave her the opportunity to study abroad in England at Mademoiselle Marie Souvestre's Academy for girls. After studying in England, Freeman returned to the United States and was married to Leon S. Freeman, a New York broker, in 1909.

By 1934, Freeman had become bored with the typical social activities available to her; while discussing the matter with a friend, Marcellus Hartley Dodge, she described herself as having a "brain full of cobwebs." Dodge, a former trustee at Columbia University, suggested that Freeman enroll in some courses at Columbia. Acting on Dodge's advice, Freeman started taking graduate courses in psychology and sociology at Columbia University, but soon became fascinated with anthropology. During her studies at Columbia, Freeman spent time in the western United States studying the Arapaho and Shoshone while her husband recuperated from a horse riding accident; it was at this point that she developed a taste for field work and an interest in Native American cultures. After completing her studies, Freeman decided that she wanted to study the Seminole people of Florida, near whom she and her family owned a winter home in Naples.

Back on the East Coast, Freeman met Dr. Clark Wissler, then Curator of the Indian Division of the American Museum of Natural History. Wissler was supportive of Freeman's aspirations to continue her anthropological studies, but balked at her expressed interest in the Seminole, whom at that time had a reputation for not being open to contact with outsiders. Undaunted, Freeman contacted W. Stanley Hansen, the man in charge of Seminole settlement; after repeated correspondence with Hansen convinced him she was no mere hobbyist, he agreed to help her make connections within the Seminole community.

Freeman made two visits to the Big Cypress Reservation for the American Museum of Natural History with a government representative before taking her 14-year-old daughter, Condict, and 12-year-old son, Leon Jr., for an extended stay with a group of Seminoles at the heart of the Everglades in February of 1940. After that first winter stay with the Seminoles, Freeman spent virtually every winter living within their remote communities and studying their culture. Over time, Dr. Wissler became impressed by Freeman's thorough and insightful reports and analysis of her findings among the Seminoles and got the American Museum of Natural History to back her winter field studies. Eventually Freeman's work gained her a reputation for being an expert on Seminole culture, which often placed her in the role of consultant to government agencies on issues dealing with Seminole and broader Native American concerns.

As a result of her long acquaintance with the Seminoles, Freeman also became interested in how different groups of Native Americans and other cultures adapted to changes brought about by contact with modern society. Freeman made several trips to the Southwestern United States and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, Choctaw, and Hopi; she also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, Freeman went to Africa to study tribal music and chants of several tribes. Much later, in 1968, the American Museum of Natural History sent Freeman to Portugal to study local costumes.

In the 1940s, Freeman took part in publishing studies for the Department of Agriculture about the Seminoles and worked as an advocate for the Navajo, who at that time were in tense relations with the United States government over their living conditions. From 1947 to 1957, Freeman worked as a representative for the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs; she also was a member of the Indian Rights Committee for the American Civil Liberties Union from 1946 to 1966. From 1948 to 1950, Freeman served as a member of the Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government within the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Throughout her studies in the field and her activities as an advocate for Native American rights, Freeman published her work frequently and gave many talks at a variety of conferences and special events. In 1964, Freeman traveled to Moscow to deliver her paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination," at the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; she attended the same conference series the following year in Japan to deliver another paper, entitled "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend." Freeman continued visiting and studying the Seminoles in Florida late into her career, making her last visit the year before her death.

Ethel Cutler Freeman passed away on July 14th, 1972.

Sources Consulted

Letter to Mrs. Margaret Blaker, Archivist at the Smithsonian Institution's Anthropological Archives; Washington, D.C. from Ethel Cutler Freeman. Dated April 24, 1972. Located in vertical files, folders on Ethel Cutler Freeman, in the reading room of the National Anthropological Archives.

"Morristown Anthropologist; Mrs. Leon Freeman Likes Seminole Indians." Newark Sunday News, February 16, 1947.

"New Vernon Woman, Indian Authority." The Morris Observer, October 13, 1955.

"She's 'Hooked' On Seminole Indians: Leading Authority On That World." Daily Record, March 6, 1970.

"The Sentinel Visits--Indian Authority Mrs. Leon Freeman: Who Is Now Working To Rescue A Nation." Sunday Sentinel, February 2, 1947.

Chronology

1886 -- Born in Morristown, New Jersey.

1909 -- Married Leon S. Freeman.

1934 -- Began taking graduate courses at Columbia University in philosophy before changing to anthropology.

1936 -- Field work with the Arapaho and Shoshone.

1938 -- Joined American Anthropological Association. First became associated with American Museum of Natural History.

1939-1943 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1940-1948 -- Special Field Assistant, American Museum of Natural History.

1943 -- Joined American Ethnological Society.

1944 -- Field work in Mexico searching for a lost tribe of Seminoles; studied the Mascogas, Papagos, and Kickapoo.

1945 -- Field work in New Mexico, studying the Pueblo and Navajo.

1946 -- Joined the Society of Women Geographers. Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Hopi.

1946-1948 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1947 -- Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Pueblo.

1947-1957 -- Represented the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs.

1947-1966 -- Member Indian Rights Committee, American Civil Liberties Union.

1948 -- Appointed first female trustee of the American Institute of Anthropology. Became Field Associate, American Museum of Natural History.

1948-1950 -- Member Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government – Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1949 -- Field work in the Bahamas, studying native culture.

1950 -- Field work in Africa, studying the Zulu, Masai, and pygmy peoples.

1951 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1952 -- Field work studying native cultures of the Virgin Islands and Haiti.

1953-1955 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1955-1957 -- Acting Chairman, American Civil Liberties Union.

1957 -- Field work studying Mexican Seminoles.

1957-1958 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1959 -- Attended annual meeting of American Anthropological Association in Mexico City.

1960-1965 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1963 -- Field work in Oklahoma, studying Seminoles.

1964 -- Presented paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination" VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Moscow.

1968 -- Studied costumes of Portugal for American Museum of Natural History.

1965 -- Presented paper, "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend" VIII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Tokyo and Kyoto, Japan.

1970-1971 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1972 -- Field work in Portugal and the Azores. Died, July 14.

Selected Bibliography

1942 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "We Live with the Seminoles," Natural History 49, no. 4 (April 1942): 226-236.

1944 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Seminole Woman of the Big Cypress and Her Influence in Modern Life," América Indígena 4, no. 2 (April 1944), 123-128.

1960 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Culture Stability and Change among the Seminoles of Florida." In Men and Cultures: Selected Papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1-9, 1956, edited by Anthony F.C. Wallace, 249-254. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960. Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1961 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Happy Life in the City of Ghosts: An Analysis of a Mikasuki Myth," The Florida Anthropologist 14, nos. 1-2 (March-June 1961), 23-36.

1964 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1965 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Two Types of Cultural Response to External Pressures Among the Florida Seminoles," Anthropological Quarterly 38, no. 2 (April 1965), 55-61.

1968 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend," Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1968, Tokyo and Kyoto (Tokyo: Science Council of Japan, 1968) 191-193.
Related Materials:
Photo lot 62, W. Stanley Hanson photographs of Seminole Indians in Florida, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Objects donated by Ethel Cutler Freeman held in Department of Anthropology collections in accession 319549.

The Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum on the Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation also holds an Ethel Cutler Freeman collection.
Separated Materials:
Film materials were transfered to the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1986.11.8 (African footage) and HSFA 1986.11.9 (Seminole footage).
Provenance:
The papers of Ethel Cutler Freeman were left to the National Anthropological Archives by the terms of her will. Her son, Leon Freeman, Jr., donated the collection to NAA in August 1972.
Restrictions:
By Ethel Freeman's instructions, the collection was restricted for ten years dating from the receipt and signing of the release forms on October 12, 1972. Literary property rights to the unpublished materials in the collection were donated to the National Anthropological Archives.
Seminole recordings cannot be accessed without the permission of the Seminole Tribe.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Language and languages  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Music  Search this
Citation:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0166
See more items in:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0166

Permanent Administrative Files, 1877-1975

Creator:
United States National Museum  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, Owen Frederick 1882-1958  Search this
Brand, Virgil Michael  Search this
Barnum, P. T (Phineas Taylor) 1810-1891  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Baker, C. F (Charles Fuller) 1872-1927  Search this
Baur, Georg Herman  Search this
Bernadou, John B (John Baptiste) 1858-1908  Search this
Byrd, Richard Evelyn 1888-1957  Search this
Chalmers, James D. S  Search this
Chandler, B. F  Search this
Bishop, Heber Reginald 1840-1902  Search this
Graf, John Enos  Search this
Chapin, James Paul 1889-1964  Search this
Collins, Frank Shipley 1848-1920  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987  Search this
Evans, Clifford 1920-1981  Search this
Gilmore, Charles W (Charles Whitney) 1874-1945  Search this
Graham, David Crockett  Search this
Hall, Robert C  Search this
Hegeman, Annie May  Search this
Hershkovitz, Philip  Search this
Holmes, Walter W  Search this
John, Stanley  Search this
Kessel, Brina  Search this
Killip, Ellsworth Paine 1890-  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Lea, Isaac 1792-1886  Search this
Lenman, Isobel H  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A (Charles Augustus) 1902-1974  Search this
Loeb, Morris 1863-1912  Search this
McClure, Floyd Alonzo 1897-1970  Search this
Nininger, Harvey Harlow 1887-  Search this
Orcutt, Charles Russell 1864-1929  Search this
Partello, Dwight J. 1841-1920  Search this
Pinchot, Mrs. James W  Search this
Priestley, Joseph 1733-1804  Search this
Ravenel, W. de C (William de Chastignier) 1859-1933  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H (Frank Harold Hanna) 1897-1966  Search this
Roebling, Washington Augustus 1837-1926  Search this
Ross, Bernard Rogan  Search this
Smith, Hugh M (Hugh McCormick) 1865-1941  Search this
Sowerby, Arthur de Carle 1885-1954  Search this
Taylor, Walter W. Jr  Search this
Wakefield, E. A  Search this
Ward, Robert  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887  Search this
Deignan, H. G (Herbert Girton) 1906-1968  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams 1896-1975  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
Ferris, Jean Leon Gerome 1863-1930  Search this
Mansfield, Richard 1857-1907  Search this
Kellogg, Remington 1892-1969  Search this
Hippisley, Alfred Edward d. 1939  Search this
Pittier, Henri 1857-1950  Search this
Palmer, William 1856-1921  Search this
Rathbun, Richard 1852-1918  Search this
Rose, J. N (Joseph Nelson) 1862-1928  Search this
Seymour, George Dudley 1859-1946  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Hammer, William Joseph 1858-1934  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S  Search this
Newman, Marshall Thornton 1911-1994  Search this
Russell, James Townsend d. 1962  Search this
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Bermuda Biological Station for Research  Search this
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)  Search this
Brush-Swan Electrical Apparatus Collection  Search this
Donn Collection of Lincoln Relics  Search this
National Museum of Engineering and Industry  Search this
George Washington Memorial  Search this
United States Governmental Advisory Committee on Oceanography  Search this
Holt Collection of South American Birds  Search this
International Whaling Commission  Search this
United States Lincoln Memorial Commission  Search this
McIntire Collection of Historical Objects  Search this
Nordenskold Mesa Verde Collection  Search this
Oldroyd Collection of Lincoln Relics  Search this
Osborne Collection of Guatemalan Textiles  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Swan-Brush Electrical Apparatus Collection  Search this
United States-Mexican International Boundary Commission (1891-1894)  Search this
United States Bureau of War Risk Insurance  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Correspondence and Documents  Search this
United States Patent Office  Search this
United States National Herbarium  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Engineering and Industries  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Arts and Industries  Search this
Spirit of St. Louis (Airplane)  Search this
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rainey African Expedition (1911-1912)  Search this
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Finn Ronn Antarctic Research Expedition (1946-1948)  Search this
National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Archeological Expedition to Vera Cruz (1938-1939 : Mexico)  Search this
Greater Texas and Pan American Exposition (1937)  Search this
Great Lakes Exposition (1936 : Cleveland)  Search this
International Exposition (1927 : Seville, Spain)  Search this
International Photographic Exposition (1909 : Dresden)  Search this
International Silk Exposition (1921 : New York)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art Expedition to Egypt (1909)  Search this
National Geographic Society-University of Virginia Expedition to the South Pacific Islands (1939)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Pageant of Progress Exposition (1922 : Chicago)  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Port-au-Prince Bicentennial Exposition (1949 : Haiti)  Search this
Progress Exposition (1926 : New Haven)  Search this
Sesquicentennial Exposition (1926 : Philadelphia)  Search this
Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1920)  Search this
South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition (1901-1902 : Charleston)  Search this
Texas Centennial Exposition (1936 : Dallas)  Search this
University of Pennsylvania Expedition to Babylonia (1887-1888)  Search this
International Boundary Commission, United States-Mexican (1891-1894)  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Johnson-Smithsonian Deep Sea Expedition to the West Indies (1933)  Search this
Marsh-Darien Expedition (1924)  Search this
Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Jamestown (Virginia) Tercentenary Exposition (1907)  Search this
Peruvian Expeditions (1912-1915)  Search this
Smithsonian African Expedition (1909-1910)  Search this
Smithsonian-Harvard Expedition to the Altai Mountains (1912)  Search this
Physical description:
337.16 cu. ft. (672 document boxes) (116 microfilm reels)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1877
1877-1975
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Museums--Collection management  Search this
Port Orford meteorite  Search this
Hope diamond  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000192
See more items in:
Permanent Administrative File 1877-1975 [United States National Museum]
Expedition History 1919-1920 [Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1919-1920)]
Expedition History 1919-1920 [William Louis Abbott Botanical Explorations of Haiti (1919-1920)]
Expedition History 1921-1922 [Paul Carpenter Standley Botanical Explorations in Central America (1921-1922)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217782

William Louis Abbott Papers, 1887-1923

Creator:
Abbott, William Louis 1860-1936  Search this
Subject:
Kloss, Cecil Boden  Search this
Raven, Henry Cushier 1889-1944  Search this
Leonard, Emery C  Search this
Abbott, William Louis 1860-1936  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Royal College of Surgeons in London  Search this
Royal College of Physicians of London  Search this
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
1.81 cu. ft. (3 document boxes) (1 half document box) (3 microfilm reels)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1887
1887-1923
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU007117
See more items in:
Expedition History 1919-1920 [William Louis Abbott Botanical Explorations of Haiti (1919-1920)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217275

School copy book used by Hannah Amelia Lyons

Printed by:
Philip Price Jr., American  Search this
Used by:
Hannah Amelia Lyons, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper, string
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 x 8 in. (33 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
workbooks
Place printed:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1830-1836
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Education  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
United States--History--1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Hope Evans Boyd
Object number:
2012.124.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.124.2
Additional Online Media:

Paul Vanderbilt papers, 1854-1992, bulk 1945-1992

Creator:
Vanderbilt, Paul, 1905-1992  Search this
Subject:
Conniff, Gregory  Search this
Shera, Jesse Hauk  Search this
Haywood, Carl  Search this
Talbot, George  Search this
Newhall, Beaumont  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
Taylor, Dorothea Lange  Search this
Lesy, Michael  Search this
Allen, Mary North  Search this
Guthrie, Woody  Search this
Plunkett, Jane  Search this
Holzhueter, Jack  Search this
Pilling, Arnold R.  Search this
Blake, William  Search this
Vanderbilt, Julia  Search this
Crane, Barbara  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Graphic History Society of America  Search this
Library of Congress.Prints and Photographs Division  Search this
State Historical Society of Wisconsin.Division of Archives and Manuscripts  Search this
Union Library Catalogue of the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Diaries
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Librarians  Search this
Curators  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Photography  Search this
Photomicrography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6911
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209040
AAA_collcode_vandpaul
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209040
Additional Online Media:

Mary Cassatt collection, 1871-1955

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Subject:
Vollard, Ambroise  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Webb, Electra Havemeyer  Search this
Tyson, Carroll Sargent  Search this
Palmer, Potter  Search this
Whittemore, Harris  Search this
Sweet, Frederick A. (Frederick Arnold)  Search this
Riddle, Theodate Pope  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10510
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213940
AAA_collcode_cassmary
Theme:
Women
Art Movements and Schools
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213940

Carl Zigrosser papers, 1891-1971

Creator:
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-1975  Search this
Subject:
Spratling, William  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard  Search this
Barr, Alfred H.  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Colker, Ed  Search this
Seidenberg, Roderick  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Dehn, Adolf Arthur  Search this
Kohn, Misch  Search this
Rönnebeck, Arnold H.  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Weston, Edward  Search this
Lankes, Julius J.  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Michener, James A. (James Albert),  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Valentin, Curt  Search this
Kimball, Fiske  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Rosenwald, Lessing J. (Lessing Julius)  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
McNulty, Kneeland  Search this
Nalbandian, Karnig  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Norman, Dorothy  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Ebbels Hutson  Search this
Schniewind, Carl Oscar  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Durieux, Caroline  Search this
Keppel, Frederick  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich)  Search this
Mitchell, Marian  Search this
Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis)  Search this
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Girard, André  Search this
Teng, Kuei  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Mauzey, Merritt  Search this
Castellón, Federico  Search this
Boyd, E. (Elizabeth)  Search this
Carrington, Fitz Roy  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Dwight, Mabel  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Tamarind Lithography Workshop  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Print Club (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Print Council of America  Search this
Weyhe Gallery  Search this
American Artists Group  Search this
Art in America  Search this
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Independent Citizens Committee for the Arts, Sciences and Professions  Search this
International Exhibition of Modern Art (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Topic:
Modern school magazine  Search this
Prints  Search this
Prints, American  Search this
Prints, European  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Artists  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10859
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214612
AAA_collcode_zigrcarl
Theme:
Diaries
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214612

Elizabeth Gordon Papers

Creator:
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Names:
Claiborne, Craig  Search this
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Leach, Bernard  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Periodicals
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Japan
Date:
1958-1987
Summary:
Papers, 1959-1987, of Elizabeth Gordon, editor of the periodical, House Beautiful from 1941-1964, mostly related to her research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; notes; drafts for articles and lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; drawings of paper and foil art; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Scope and Contents:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers measure 4.5 linear feet and span the years 1959-1987. The collection mainly documents Ms. Gordon's research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; research notes and materials; articles; lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; article materials; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Arrangement note:
This collection is organized into eight series. 1. Biographical data, 2. Shibui research, 3. Shibui issues of, House Beautiful, 4. Correspondence, 5. Shibui promotion, 6. Exhibition files, 7. Printed materials, and 8. Photographs.
Biographical Information:
Born in Logansport, Indiana in 1906, Elizabeth Gordon served as editor of House Beautiful magazine 1941 to 1964. Ms. Gordon first became interested in Japanese aesthetics during the mid-1950s. As a result she began to read and study Japanese art, history and culture. In 1959, Gordon travelled to Japan with three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize. In August and September, 1960, House Beautiful, under the editorial control of Ms. Gordon, published two extremely popular issues devoted to the subject of "shibui". Due to the popularity of the issues, museum exhibits devoted to the concept of "shibui" travelled around the United States. Ms. Gordon died in Adamstown, Maryland in 2000.

Biographical Overview

1906 -- Born in Logansport, Indiana

1920s -- Attended the University of Chicago

1930s -- Moved to New York to work as a promotional copywriter for several newspapers

1930s -- Syndicated columnist on home maintenance for The New York Herald Tribune

1930s -- Editor at Good Housekeeping (here for 8 years)

1937 -- More House for your Money by Elizabeth Gordon and Dorothy Ducas published by W. Morrow and Company: New York.

1937 -- Married Carl Hafey Norcross

1939 -- Appointed editor of House Beautiful

1964 -- Left the magazine world

1972 -- Published a special issue on Scandinavian design and awarded the insignia of a knight, first class, in the Finnish Order of the Lion

1987 -- American Institute of Architects made her an honorary member

1988 -- Carl Hafey Norcross died

September 3, 2000 -- Died in Adamstown, MD

(The following biography of Elizabeth Gordon comes courtesy of curator Louise Cort. Written in consultation with Elizabeth Gordon, October 23, 1987)

The research papers, memoranda, magazines, books, photographs and color transparencies and other materials in this archives are related to the publication by Elizabeth Gordon (Mrs. Carl Norcross), editor of House Beautiful from 1941 to 1964 and creator of the August, 1960 issue of the magazine on the special theme of the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui". The "shibui issue" was followed by the September, 1960, issue of the same publication on the theme, "How to be shibui with American things." As a by-product of the issues, a "Shibui Exhibition" travelled to eleven museums in the United States during 1961-1964. Each exhibition was opened with a slide lecture by Elizabeth Gordon.

Miss Gordon first became curious about Japanese aesthetics in the mid-1950s when she began to see Japanese objects being displayed and used in the homes of Americans who had spent time in Japan during the Occupation and Japanese influence began to appear in wholesale showrooms of home furnishings manufacturers. It was clear that the time had come: she HAD to go to Japan!

She read for five years before going to Japan - history, social mores, art history. (Many of the books on Japan that she collected during this time have been presented to the library at the University of Maryland, College Park.)

An important bit of advice came from Alice Spaulding Bowen, owner of Pacifica, the highest quality shop of Asian antiquities in Honolulu, who told her, "Be sure to read, The Tale of Genji - then you'll understand everything."

She made her first trip to Japan in April, 1959, accompanied by three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Miss Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize.

Miss Gordon came home, planning to spend the summer researching "shibui" with the aid of the Japan Society. But she found virtually nothing written in English on the concept. So she returned to Japan in December, 1959 together with staff member Marion Gough, to dig deeper and to work out details and get better educated with Eiko Yuasa. One of their devices was to walk through department stores and discuss with sales personnel whether objects for sale were "shibui", or were "jimi" or "hade", and why. Between themselves, they did the same for the costumes of women they saw on the streets.

Lacking printed sources for information on "shibui", Miss Gordon sought out and interviewed experts, including Douglas Overton, head of the Japan Society in New York. In Japan in December, 1959, she met Yanagi Soetsu, founder of Japan's Folk Craft Movement and head of the Craft Museum in Tokyo (with an introduction from Tonomura Kichinosuke, head of the Craft Museum in Kurashiki). She met the chef Tsuji Kaichi, who was commissioned to write an article on "kaiseki" (that could not be used because of an inadequate English translation) and Frances Blakemore. She met several times with Bernard Leach and attended his lecture at Bonnier's while he was in New York in March, 1960. (He would later write a "fan letter" for the issue)

As the concept of "the shibui issue" began to take shape, a third trip in the spring of 1960 focused on photography - to produce the shooting script decided on the preceding December. This was executed by the noted photographer Ezra Stoller of Rye, New York, and John DeKoven Hill, House Beautiful's Editorial Director. (Mr. Hill worked with Frank Lloyd Wright except for the ten years that he was a member of the House Beautiful editorial staff)

Miss Gordon was back in Japan in Mid-August 1960 as the "shibui issue" was causing a sensation. Altogether she spent sixteen months in Japan.

As one of the experiences that influenced her strong interest in Japanese costumes and textiles, Miss Gordon remembers a spectacularly thorough exhibition at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno on, 1200 Years of Japanese Costume. She saw it on the last day of its exhibition (possibly 1964).

The August 1960 issue sold out quickly. Copies of the magazine, which sold for fifty cents, were sold on the "black market" for ten dollars.

The publication of the August 1960 issue was followed by an unprecedented avalanche of "fan mail". Many department heads in colleges and universities, including the Harvard-Yenching Institute and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (where Miss Gordon had worked as an undergraduate) wrote to comment on the issue. Many people in other fields of endeavor wrote: heads of firms concerned with interior design, landscape architecture, and related areas expressed their interest in the concept of "shibui" Other writers include Bernard Leach, Gertrude Natzler, Laura Gilpin, Mainbocher, the architect Yoshimura Junzo, the textile artist Marianne Strengell, Walter Kerr, Craig Claiborne, and Oliver Statler.

The "shibui issue" was followed immediately by the September issue dealing with the use of non-Japanese objects to express the concept of "shibui." (Miss Gordon convinced her advertisers, who had been skeptical about the potential success of the August issue, by promising the September issue dealing with American products.) Four American firms were involved in the production of an integrated line of paints, wallpaper, furniture and carpets expressive of the concept. Products were designed by the firms' designers following the clues offered by objects and fabrics purchased by Miss Gordon in Japan in December 1959 and spring 1960. Miss Gordon has expressed her dissatisfaction with the September issue, although public opinion was positive. She feels that some of the firms failed in the "shibui" project, though some "caught" the message: namely the paint company and the fabric/wallpaper company.

In response to strong public interest, the House Beautiful staff prepared a travelling exhibition to introduce the concept of "shibui" through a series of vignettes, mixing fabrics and objects, colors and textures. The museum installation was designed by John Hill of House Beautiful. Japan Air Lines underwrote shipping costs.

The exhibition began in Philadelphia in late 1961. Ezra Stoller was sent to photograph the installation in considerable detail at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in January, 1962, so that his photographs cold serve as guidelines for installations at the other museums, which included the San Francisco Museum of Art (April 1962), the Newark Pubic Library, and the Honolulu Academy of Art. Miss Gordon presented a lecture on "shibui" at each of the museum installations.

In appreciation of her work to introduce Americans to the concept of "shibui", the city of Kyoto presented a bolt of especially "shibui" kimono fabric executed by a Living National Treasure textile artist. Miss Gordon eventually tailored the fabric into a dress and jacket. She received the 1961 Trail Blazer Award from the New York Chapter of the National Home Fashions League, Inc. In June, 1987, Miss Gordon was named an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, with her introduction of the concept of "shibui" and her promotion of an understanding of other culture cited as her major contributions to American architecture.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
No restrictions on use.
Topic:
Interior decoration -- Periodicals  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Aesthetics, Japanese  Search this
House funishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Interior decorators  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Periodicals -- 1940-1970
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers -- 1950-2000
Citation:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Elizabeth Gordon, 1988
Identifier:
FSA.A1988.03
See more items in:
Elizabeth Gordon Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1988-03
Additional Online Media:

Carl Whiting Bishop Collection

Creator:
Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942  Search this
Names:
Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942  Search this
Tung, Kuang-zung.  Search this
Warner, Langdon (1881-1955)  Search this
Wenley, A. G. (Archibald Gibson), 1898-1962  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographic prints
Manuscript
Place:
China
Date:
1923-1934
Summary:
An associate curator and associate in archaeology at the Freer Gallery of Art from 1922 to 1942, the collection of Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942) document his Gallery-sponsored travels to China from 1923 to 1934 and include an unpublished manuscript describing his archaeological research in China; line drawings; rubbings; maps; note cards; and nearly 4,000 glass and film negatives with corresponding original silver prints. These document his expeditions in northern and central China, illustrating archaeological sites in Henan, Shanxi, and Hebei provinces. Specific digs include the large neolithic site at Wanquan, Shanxi, and sixth century C.E. tombs near Fenyin. Additional images show Chinese cityscapes, daily life and customs, topography, temples, pagodas, caves, and sculpture.
Scope and Contents:
The professional papers and official records of Carl Whiting Bishop include his unpublished two-volume manuscript, [not before 1940]; and photographs, nearly 4,000 images, 1915-1934; and undated. These materials document over a twenty-five year period in the course of Bishop's research and archaeological activities. They were retained at the Freer Gallery of Art after Bishop's death in 1942, and were supplemented with an addition received in 1956 from his widow Daisy Furscott Bishop.

The manuscript was prepared in a typescript format, over 421 pages of text, with photographic illustrations, and completed by Bishop sometime after 1939. Properly titled Archaeological Research in China 1923-1934, this unpublished manuscript constituted a field report that chronicled Bishop's Gallery-sponsored expeditions in northern and central China during the period 1923 to 1934. The reader is provided with a record of the day-to-day operations completed, of obstacles and opposition encountered, and the results obtained from their work. Key diplomatic and scientific representatives from the West and China are recorded who aided and contributed to the investigations. Moreover, there are descriptions of the academic, social and political climate in China during a period of civil war and economic strife. Against this background, Bishop also discussed their efforts in view of the history of China, with commentary on the country's geography, topography, climate, flora and fauna, mineral products, and ancient customs and legends.

The earliest still photographic prints in the Bishop Papers date from his employ at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where he conducted archaeological reconnaissance from 1915 to 1918 in China, Korea, and Japan. All subsequent images were created or collected by Bishop and his assistant Kuang-zung Tung during the Freer Gallery-sponsored expeditions of 1923-1934. Further descriptions of these materials may be found under Series 2 and Series 3 in this finding aid.

In the transliteration into English of the names of Chinese characters, Bishop followed the Wade-Giles system, with a few exceptions to those rules for certain well known and commonly used place-names, especially those of cities, towns, territorial divisions, and bodies of water. We have retained Bishop's romanization except in certain areas where clarification was needed. The Chinese personal and place-names have been kept as they appeared in his captions.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Manuscript/Writings 1915-1934 and undated

Series 2: Photography Prints

Series 3: Negatives

Series 4: Drawings, Rubbings, and Maps
Biographical / Historical:
Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942) was an archaeologist, anthropologist, and specialist in the field of East Asian studies. Born in Tokyo, Japan, on July 12, 1881, he was the son of a Methodist missionary, the Reverend Charles Bishop. Except for a twelve-month residence in the United States during 1889-90, Bishop spent the first sixteen years of his life in Japan, before returning to this country in 1898 for college preparatory work at Northwestern Academy, Evanston, Illinois. He studied at Hampden-Sydney College and in 1912 received an A.B. degree from DePauw University. In 1913 he was awarded the degree of Master of Arts by the Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, where he studied with the noted German anthropologist, Franz Boas (1858-1942). That same year he received his first scientific appointment as a member of the Peabody Museum Expedition to Central America.

From 1914-18 Bishop served as Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where on an expedition for that museum he made his first trip to China. Under the auspices of the university, he conducted archaeological reconnaissance during 1915 and 1916 in China, Korea, and Japan, and again conducted archaeological surveys in 1917 and 1918, although no systematic excavations were carried out at that time. When the United States entered World War I on the side of the Allied Powers, Bishop enlisted in the United States Navy and was made assistant naval attaché, serving in China in the years 1918-20, with the rank of lieutenant, junior grade. He returned to Columbia University in 1921 to assume the position of Assistant in Anthropology, a post he held until the end of the academic season in 1922.

Effective 10 April 1922, Bishop was appointed as Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art by then director John Ellerton Lodge (1878-1942). Asked to undertake important archaeological work, Bishop headed the gallery's first expedition to China, sponsored jointly by the FGA and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, lasting from 20 February 1923 to 6 August 1927. From 16 November 1929 to 11 April 1934, he headed another expedition, sent out this time by the Freer Gallery alone. When conditions in China made further efforts impractical, Bishop returned to Washington in 1934, where he remained at the gallery as Associate in Archaeology until the time of his death on 16 June 1942.

Carl Whiting Bishop was a member of a number of learned societies: the American Oriental Society, the American Archaeological Society, the Anthropological Society, the American Society for the Advancement of Science, the American Geographical Society, and he served on the advisory board of the American Council of Learned Societies until his death.

1881, July 12 -- Born in Tokyo, Japan

1898 -- Attends Northwestern Academy in Evanston, Illinois for college preparatory work Attends Hampden-Sydney College

1912 -- Receives A.B. degree from DePauw University

1913 -- Receives Master of Arts from Department of Anthropology from Columbia University, where he studied with Franz Boas

1914 -- Begins serving as Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum

1915-1918 -- Makes several archaeological survey trips to China, Korea and Japan

1918-1920 -- Enlists in the U.S. Navy, serving as assistant naval attaché in China

1921 -- Serves as Assistant Professor in Anthropology at Columbia University

1922, April 10 -- Becomes Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art

1923-1927 -- Heads the Freer Gallery's first expedition to China, co-sponsored by the Boston Museum of Fine Arts

1929-1934 -- Heads the second Freer-sponsored expedition to China

1934 -- Returns to US and serves as Associate in Archaeology at the Freer Gallery of Art

1942, June 16 -- Dies.
Related Materials:
Additional Bishop material may be found in the following collections also found in the the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery:

Li Chi Reports, 1926-1929, regarding Li's reconnaissance work at Shi-yin Ts'un, Shansi Province, and the excavation at Anyang.

Archibald Gibson Wenley Papers, 1924-1926, including field diaries, notes, and photographs documenting his participation in the FGA expedition work in China.

Charles Lang Freer Papers, including 1915 correspondence between Freer and Bishop; newspaper clippings related to Bishop, and documents dated 1912-1913, relating to Freer's support for a proposed American School of Archeology in China.

A number of objects from the FGA expeditions, including bronzes, ceramics, and stone sculpture, have been accessioned into the permanent art collection of the Freer Gallery of Art. Additionally, remnants of antiquities, potteries, and metalwork accumulated during the field work, have been placed in the Freer Gallery Study Collection. Records for these items are retained with the Galleries' Registrar's Office.

Additional Bishop material may be found in the Smithsonian Institutional Archives:

Expedition Records, including correspondence of Carl Whiting Bishop, 1914; 1923-1942, nearly 3,000 letters arranged alphabetically by correspondent name; a manuscript catalogue of expedition acquisitions, Peking, 1923-1925; financial records, 1923-1934, including expedition fund ledgers, account statements, and receipts; and newspaper clippings, 1924-1932, documenting the gallery's field work and general archaeological work being conducted around the world at that time.

Smithsonian Institutional Archives, Central Files, Bishop folders, 1923-1942, including expedition letters, field reports, and photographs sent to John E. Lodge.

Personnel and Special Events Photograph Collection, containing portrait photographs of Bishop.

Additional Bishop matieral may be found in the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives, Philadelphia:

Documentation of University of Pennsylvania Museum-sponsored field work in East Asia may be found there that includes records of C.W. Bishop, dated 1914-1927 (measuring about .5 linear foot), much of it created during his tenure as the Museum's Assistant Curator of Oriental Art from 1914-1918. Included are Bishop's journals consisting of daily entries for two trips to China for the University of Pennsylvania Museum; letters to and from G.B. Gordon, C.W. Harrison, and Jane McHugh, written during Bishop's travel in China and subsequent to his return; and detailed financial accounts of expenditures during the China travels. Additionally, the repository houses a group of Bishop's negatives taken in China to visually record the expedition work.
Provenance:
Gift of Carl Whiting Bishop.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Archaeology -- China  Search this
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Manuscript
Citation:
The Carl Whiting Bishop Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A.02
See more items in:
Carl Whiting Bishop Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-02

Heinz Warneke papers, 1928-1987

Creator:
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich), 1895-1983  Search this
Subject:
Hopper, Inslee  Search this
Archer, Edmund  Search this
Diederich, William Hunt  Search this
Hancock, Walker Kirtland  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Watercolors
Visitors' books
Photographs
Drawings
Illustrated letters
Sketches
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Animal sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6951
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209080
AAA_collcode_warnhein
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209080

Frederick A. Sweet research material on Mary Cassatt and James A. McNeill Whistler, 1872-1975

Creator:
Sweet, Frederick A. (Frederick Arnold), 1903-1984  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9505
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211703
AAA_collcode_sweefred
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211703

Audrey Sabol papers, 1962-1967

Creator:
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Di Suvero, Mark  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Type:
Works of art
Photographs
Interviews
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5593
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211758
AAA_collcode_saboaudr
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211758

Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971

Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Subject:
Maitin, Samuel C. (Samuel Calman)  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Klüver, Johan Wilhelm  Search this
Sabol, Audrey  Search this
Watts, Robert M.  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Paik, Nam June  Search this
Indiana, Robert  Search this
Christo  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Ledgers (account books)
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Works of art
Topic:
Tonight show (Television program)  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Design, Industrial  Search this
Curators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211919
AAA_collcode_kronjoan
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211919
Additional Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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Additional Online Media:

Christian Brinton papers, 1874-1967

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Subject:
Chester County Art Association (Chester County, Pa.)  Search this
Topic:
Curators  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10159
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213142
AAA_collcode_brinchri
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213142

Edith Emerson papers, 1839-1981, bulk 1894-1971

Creator:
Emerson, Edith, 1888-1981  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Curators  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10293
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213481
AAA_collcode_emeredit
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213481
Additional Online Media:

Christian Brinton scrapbooks, 1899-1925

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10352
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213596
AAA_collcode_brinchrs
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213596

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