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Oral history interview with Ruben Torres-Llorca, 1998 January 31

Interviewee:
Torres Llorca, Rubén, 1957-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
Rodríguez Brey, Ricardo  Search this
Bedia, José  Search this
Instituto Superior de Arte (Cuba)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art, Cuban  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13547
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216458
AAA_collcode_torres98
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216458
Additional Online Media:

Giulio V. Blanc papers

Creator:
Blanc, Giulio V.  Search this
Names:
Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami, Fla.)  Search this
Brito, Maria, 1947-  Search this
Cano, Margarita, 1932-  Search this
Cano, Pablo  Search this
Carreño, Mario  Search this
Carulla, Ramón, 1938-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Garcia, Hernan, 1935-  Search this
Gattorno, Antonio  Search this
Gaztelu, A. (Angel)  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Gómez-Peña, Guillermo  Search this
Lam, Wifredo  Search this
Larraz, Julio  Search this
Libin, Victoria  Search this
Macia, Carlos A., 1951-1994  Search this
Martínez-Cañas, María  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Sánchez, Juan, 1954-  Search this
Sí, Juan  Search this
Trasobares, César  Search this
Vater, Regina  Search this
Vázquez Lucio, Oscar E. (Oscar Edgardo), 1932-  Search this
Interviewee:
Cabrera, Lydia  Search this
Gómez Sicre, José  Search this
Extent:
11 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Sound recordings
Date:
1920-1995
Summary:
The dates for the Giulio V. Blanc papers range from 1920-1995. Measuring a total of eleven linear feet and 0.001 GB, the collection provides documentation of the art exhibitions Blanc curated during his career, including original writings and exhibition catalogs. The extensive artists files in the collection provide information on numerous Latin American and Caribbean artists. The collection also provides historical information on the life and culture of Cuba.
Scope and Content Note:
The Giulio V. Blanc papers measure approximately 11 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1920 to 1995. Compiled by Blanc since the beginning of his curatorial, writing, and research career in the 1980s, the papers consist primarily of artist files on Cuban, Cuban-American, and Latin American artists (1920-1995 and undated). Also found is biographical information (1994-1995), interviews by Blanc (1984-1987, 1994) and miscellaneous letters from artists and friends (1983-1995 and undated).

The first series, Biographical Files, 1994-1995 includes information about Blanc's career. Series 2: Miscellaneous Letters, 1983-1995, undated, consists of letters from artists and friends on various topics. Series 3: Artist Files, 1920-1995, undated, represents the bulk of the collection (approximately 300 artists in all, 6 linear feet), and contain materials either collected by Blanc or received by Blanc from the artists themselves. These consist of biographical material about the artist, usually two or three paragraphs written by Blanc, scattered resumes and copies of fellowship applications. Also found are newspaper clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and letters or correspondence between Blanc and the artists. Of special interest in this series are numerous taped interviews with celebrated Cuban artists and art historians such as José Gómez Sícre, founder and first director of the Art Museum of the Americas, Organization of American States. Gómez-Sícre describes his early career and involvement with acquisitions for the museum's permanent collection as well as his working relationship with Alfred H. Barr, first director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Gómez-Sícre's notable book, Pintura Cubana de Hoy, published in Havana in 1944 is included in the files.

Elena Peláez de Medero, another interviewee, discusses her sister, Cuban painter Amelia Peláez (1896-1968). Blanc interviewed Elena Peláez in Miami for his 1988 exhibition Amelia Peláez: A Retrospective. The Peláez file includes Blanc's correspondence with her as well as copies of rare 1930s and 1940s exhibition catalogs from Amelia Peláez's early career. Among the catalogs is a copy of Modern Cuban Painters from the 1944 exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Also found are rare French, German and Spanish newspaper clippings on Peláez dating back to the 1920s. Of interest is a copy of Amado Blanco's 1937 poetry book, Poema desesperado. Published in Havana, the book is dedicated to the memory of Federico García Lorca and includes illustrations by Peláez.

Another prominent artist whom Blanc interviewed was Enrique Riverón (b. 1901) leader of the Cuban vanguardia. He was a member of El Grupo de Montparnasse, a talented group of painters and writers living in the southern district of Paris in the late 1920s, an area noted for its boisterous after-hour activities. The interview was published in the Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts in 1997. Also found in the papers are illustrated letters and greeting cards addressed to Blanc and his parents, Baron Lodovico Blanc and María V. Blanc.

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1977-1995, undated, consists primarily of material Blanc compiled for exhibitions he curated. Found here are letters from museum directors, artists and colleagues, drafts and finished essays for exhibition catalogs, and printed material such as newspaper clippings of art reviews. This series also includes files on exhibitions Blanc did not curate.

Series 5: Subject Files, 1933-1995, undated, are files relating to Cuban art, culture, and society, the Cuban revolution, book projects, Biennials in Havana and São Paulo, the 1988 controversy surrounding the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami, FL) and other topics. Found are letters, drafts of writings, notes, printed material such as newspaper clippings and magazine articles, press releases, and exhibition announcements.

Particularly extensive is the documentation about the 1980s conflict at the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture. In April 1988, a fund-raising auction at the 24-year-old 'little Havana' institution resulted in heated disputes that escalated to violence. The works auctioned were by Cuban artists still living on the island. Many in Miami's Cuban community considered these artists to be supporters of the Communist regime and were outraged. One of the disputed works purchased the night of the auction, a drawing by Manuel Mendive, was taken across the street by its successful bidder and burned. In addition, the museum building was damaged by a pipe bomb shortly after the sale. In the National Public Radio news story (available in Blanc's papers on audio cassette) Helen Kohen, critic for the Miami Herald commented, "We're not talking about paintings. We're talking about `my brother's in jail'. That's what we're talking about." The situation intensified quickly; transcending local politics and involving the Treasury and Justice Departments, the American Civil Liberties Union, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and Sotheby's and Christie's auction houses. Ramón Cernuda, the museum vice-president who organized the auction also had his personal collection of Cuban art impounded by the FBI. A second bombing took place in 1989 to protest an exhibition of Cuban artists who came to the U. S. during the early 1980s Mariel boatlift.

The seriousness of the conflicts in the Miami museum prompted the Museum of Modern Art in New York to withdraw an offer to lend three paintings to the Cuban museum for the 1988 exhibition Amelia Peláez: A Retrospective scheduled to open later that year. Curated by Giulio Blanc, it was the first U.S. retrospective of this important Cuban artist and the exhibition helped situate her work. The Cuban Museum of Art in Daytona Beach, an institution that helped start the Miami museum, also withdrew an offer to lend "Amelias". The result was an exhibition devoid of works owned by the Museum of Modern Art, important paintings created after 1963, the year President Kennedy imposed economic sanctions on Cuba.

To publicize the Peláez exhibition and boost attendance, the museum placed a public invitation in the Spanish section of the Miami Herald. The half page ad, also found in the Blanc papers, lists more than 100 intellectuals and professionals who supported the exhibition. Blanc stated in a letter to the Miami Herald, "It is horrifying to think there are those in Miami who would burn a painting for the sake of politics. This was the same reasoning utilized by Joseph Goebbels when he made bonfires of books and paintings by anti-Nazi and `degenerate' artists and writers in 1930s Germany... One can only pity the ignorance of those who play into the hands of the Castro regime by resorting to uncivilized tactics that can only hurt the image of the Cuban-exile community and of Miami in general."

The files concerning the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture contain exhibition announcements, copies of court orders, press releases and correspondence between Blanc and the Museum of Modern Art in New York regarding the museum and the Peláez exhibition. Also included are a great number of newspaper articles printed in two of Miami's major newspapers, the Miami Herald and El Nuevo Herald which covered the story until it was resolved in the early 1990s. Offering additional information on the controversy are a number of letters addressed to either Blanc or his parents from artists and friends expressing either discontent with the museum's state of affairs or gratitude for the Blanc's financial support during the museum's reconstruction. These provide remarkable insight into a relatively heterogeneous Cuban community.

Series 6: Sound Recordings, 1992, 1994 consists of two untranscribed audio cassette tapes. One is of the 1992 College Art Association's session: Artistic Voices of Latin America: The Aesthetics of Anti-Colonialism held in Chicago, Illinois in which Giulio V. Blanc was a panelist. The other is a rare 1994 interview conducted by Blanc with poet-priest Monseñor Angel Gaztelu, a friend of many Cuban writers and artists, and who presided over Peláez's funeral service in 1968.

The last series, Series 7: Photographs, 1981-1993, undated, includes black and whiteportraits of artists, group shots of Blanc with "Miami Generation" artists María Brito, Pablo Cano, María Martínez-Cañas, Carlos Macía, Arturo Rodríguez, and César Trasobares, and photos of other artists.
Arrangement:
The Giulio V. Blanc papers are arranged into seven series primarily according to type of material. Within each series, materials are arranged chronologically, except for Artist Files and Subject Files which are arranged alphabetically by either name or subject.

Series 1: Biographical Files, 1994-1995, undated (box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Miscellaneous Letters, 1983-1995, undated (box 1; 3 folders)

Series 3: Artist Files, 1920-1995, undated (boxes 1-8, ER01; 6 linear ft., 0.001 GB)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1977-1995, undated (box 8; 1 linear foot)

Series 5: Subject Files, 1933-1995, undated (boxes 8-12; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Untranscribed Sound Recordings, 1992-1994 (box 12; 2 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1981, 1993, undated (box 12; 2 folders)
Biographical Note:
Independent curator, critic, art historian and consultant Giulio V. Blanc (1955-1995) specialized in Cuban and Latin American art history and in his lifetime collected a wealth of material on the subject. Through his numerous exhibitions and keen articles appearing in national and international art journals, Blanc became a leading authority on Latin American art and successfully established himself as a link between Cuban and Cuban-American artists and US galleries and museums. The Miami Generation (1983) and Amelia Peláez: A Retrospective (1988) are two significant exhibitions Blanc curated for Miami's Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture in addition to the celebrated Wifredo Lam and His Contemporaries, 1938-1952 (1992) for New York's Studio Museum in Harlem. Giulio V. Blanc was among the key figures that catapulted Latin American art onto the mainstream in the early 1980s.

Giulio V. Blanc was born in Havana in 1955 to Baron Lodovico Blanc and María V. Blanc. The Blanc name hails from Italy and the title of Baron was awarded to Alberto Blanc, Lodovico Blanc's grandfather, while he was Secretary of State in 1873 under Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. As young advocates of Cuban culture, the Blanc's collected a number of paintings by Cuban artists but were forced to leave behind the works of Cuban masters such as Carlos Enríquez, Victor Manuel, René Portocarrero, Fidelio Ponce and others to facilitate an uncomplicated exodus from the country during the revolution. Lodovico and María were in their thirties and Giulio was five years old when the family settled in Miami.

Giulio Blanc completed his undergraduate education at Harvard and proceeded to Brown University and the Institute of Fine Arts in New York for graduate work (1979-1980). During his career, he served as an independent curator and consultant to The Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami), The Metropolitan Museum (Miami), and The Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art (New York) among others. He also lectured on Latin American art history at the Art Museum of the Americas, OAS (Organization of American States), Washington, DC, The University of Miami, and El Museo Nacional de Arte in La Paz, Bolivia. In addition, he worked as a consultant in the Latin American Paintings Department at Sotheby's auction house in New York and served on the editorial board of the magazine Art Nexus. Blanc was pursuing a doctoral degree in art history at the City University of New York before his premature death in 1995 at the age of thirty-nine.

1955 -- Born November 1 in Havana, Cuba to Baron Lodovico and Baroness María V. Blanc, young collectors of Cuban art. The title of Baron was awarded to Alberto Blanc, Lodovico Blanc's grandfather, in 1873 while Alberto was Secretary of State under Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.

1960 -- The Blanc family migrates to the United States because of the escalating revolution. Lodovico and Maria V. Blanc are in their thirties when they flee the island. The works of Cuban painters such as Carlos Enríquez, Victor Manuel, René Portocarrero, Fidelio Ponce and others were left behind to facilitate an uncomplicated exodus.

1976 -- Giulio V. Blanc serves as research assistant for one year at the Tozzer Library, Peabody Museum, Harvard University.

1977 -- Graduates cum laude from Harvard College with a B.A. in Archeology.

1979 -- Graduates from Brown University with a M.A. in Archeology. Was a research assistant until 1980 at the Gallery of the Center for Inter-American Relations, New York city.

1980 -- Receives a certificate in Museum Studies from the Graduate School of Arts and Science, New York University. Curates Emilio Sánchez: Lithographs which opens at the Pagoda, Ransom-Everglades School, Coconut Grove, Florida. Co-curates Cuba in the Nineteenth Century for Miami's Miami-Dade Public Library.

1981 -- Joins the Latin American Paintings Department, Sotheby's Auction House, New York and serves for two years.

1982 -- Co-curates Young Hispanics, USA which opens at the Lehigh University Museum, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and curates Ten Out of Cuba for INTAR Latin American Gallery in New York.

1983 -- Curates Cuban Fantasies at the Kouros Gallery in New York and Pablo Cano en Paris for the 4 Place de Saussaies in Paris, France. Also curates The Miami Generation: Nine Cuban-American Artists for the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture in Miami and the Meridian House in Washington, DC.

1984 -- Serves as independent curator and consultant to Miami's Metropolitan Museum and Art Center and The Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture; The Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art in New York and other institutions. Lectures at the Art Museum of the Americas (Organization of American States) in Washington, DC; The University of Miami; The Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami); The Center for the Fine Arts (Miami); Rockland Center for the Arts (West Nyack, NY); and the National Museum of Art, La Paz, Bolivia. Curates Young Collector's of Latin American Art which opened at Miami's Metropolitan Museum and Art Center.

1985 -- Curates Dancing Faces: An Exhibition of Mexican Masks for the Metropolitan Museum and Art Center in Miami and Nuevas Vistas: Latin American Paintings which opens at the Wistariahurst, Holyoke, Massachusetts. Curates Architecture in Cuban Painting, for the Miami Dade Public Library.

1986 -- Receives and M.A. in Art History at New York University's Institute of Fine Arts. Curates Carlos Enríquez for the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture, Miami, Florida and Into the Mainstream: Ten Latin American Artists Working in New York for the Jersey City Museum in Jersey City, New Jersey.

1987 -- The exhibition Aurelia Muñoz: Selections, curated by Blanc, opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in Miami, Florida. Serves as juror for Expresiones Hispanas: Coors National Hispanic Art Exhibition, Denver, Colorado. Curates Visions of Self: The American Latin Artist for the Miami-Dade Community College gallery.

1988 -- Receives a grant from the NY State Council on the Arts for research on Cuban artist Wifredo Lam for the exhibition at the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York. Enrolls in the art history Ph.D. program at the City University Graduate Center, New York city. First bombing of the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture in Miami takes place. Blanc's Amelia Peláez: A Retrospective successfully opens at the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture despite much controversy.

1989 -- Curates Urgent Dream: New Work by Mario Bencomo at the Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art (MoCHA), New York. Second bombing of the Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture, Miami FL.

1990 -- New York correspondent for Arte en Colombia, Bogota. Serves as adjunct lecturer at Queens College (CUNY) for the Fall semester. Curates the exhibition, The Post-Miami Generation for the Inter-American Gallery in Miami, Florida. Co-curates Figurative Perspectives: Six Artists of Latin American Background for the Rockland Center for the Arts, West Nyack, NY.

1991 -- Visiting scholar at University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Writes a small play, Tía Carmela: A Cuban Tragicomedy, illustrated by Cuban artist and friend Pablo Cano.

1995 -- Dies at the age of forty of AIDS related complications.
Provenance:
Margherite Blanc, sister of Giulio V. Blanc, donated her brother's papers in 1998 to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. This collection, along with numerous other Latino collections, was acquired through the 1996 Latino Art Documentation Project in South Florida. Initiated to chronicle the thriving art scene so apparent in the city's galleries, museums, and private collections, the project resulted in numerous acquisitions described in the revised edition of the Papers of Latino and Latin American Artists. Both the project and the publication were made possible, in part, with funding provided by the Smithsonian Institution's Center for Latino Initiatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Giulio V. Blanc papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cuban American art -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Art, Latin American  Search this
Artists -- Cuba  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Art historians -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Giulio V. Blanc papers, 1920-1995. Smithsonian Institution. Archives of American Art.
Identifier:
AAA.blangiul
See more items in:
Giulio V. Blanc papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blangiul
Additional Online Media:

Helen L. Kohen papers

Creator:
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Names:
Alexander, Jane  Search this
Alfonzo, Carlos, 1950-1991  Search this
Algaze, Mario Arturo, 1947-  Search this
Anthony, Carol  Search this
Bedia, José, 1959-  Search this
Blaine, Michael  Search this
Blazer, Wendy  Search this
Brito, Maria, 1947-  Search this
Cano, Margarita, 1932-  Search this
Cano, Pablo  Search this
Carulla, Ramón, 1938-  Search this
Castagliola, Maria E., 1946-  Search this
Corone, Matthew  Search this
Couper, James M., 1937-  Search this
Cubiles, Miguel  Search this
De Monte, Claudia, 1947-  Search this
Delehanty, Suzanne, 1944-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Duval-Carrié, Edouard, 1954-  Search this
Eisenstaedt, Alfred  Search this
Fernández, Agustin, 1928-  Search this
Frohnmayer, John  Search this
García, Fernando A., 1945-  Search this
Gelfman, Lynn Golub  Search this
Gillman, Barbara Seitlin, 1937-  Search this
González, Juan, 1942-1993  Search this
Gottlieb-Roberts, Marilyn Patricia, 1939-  Search this
Gutierrez, M. (Marta)  Search this
Henderson, Shirley  Search this
Jones, Pat  Search this
Juarez, Roberto, 1952-  Search this
Kardin, Janet  Search this
Kuitca, Guillermo, 1961-  Search this
Lanza, Bianca  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie, 1949-  Search this
Marisol, 1930-  Search this
Morgan, Andrew Wesley, 1922-  Search this
Muñoz, Celia Alvarez, 1937-  Search this
Orr-Cahall, Christina, 1947-  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Paparelli, Janet  Search this
Pellon, Gina  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Riverón, Noella  Search this
Rodriguez, Vivian  Search this
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Rojo, Damian  Search this
Rubell, Jason  Search this
Rubio, Lydia, 1946-  Search this
Salinas, Baruj  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio, 1921-1999  Search this
Schaaf, William  Search this
Scharf, Kenny  Search this
Scull, Haydée  Search this
Scull, Sahara  Search this
Shapiro, Joel  Search this
Slobodkina, Esphyr, 1908-2002  Search this
Spitzer, David D.  Search this
Strasser, Barbara  Search this
Sullivan, G. L.  Search this
Trasobares, César  Search this
Valdez-Fauli, Dora  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1978-1996
Summary:
The papers of Miami art critic Helen Kohen date from 1978 through 1996 and contain letters, postcards, exhibition announcements and invitations, and seventy-four untranscribed interviews of artists, dealers, and collectors in the Miami area.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of art historian and critic Helen L. Kohen measure one linear foot and date from 1976 through 1996. They consist primarily of letters, postcards, exhibition announcements and invitations from artists in the Miami area. Also found are eighty-two mini cassette tapes of seventy-four interviews Kohen conducted with art dealers, collectors, contemporary artists, and others in the Miami area as research and background for her newspaper column and other articles
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1954, 1984-1993, undated (Box 1, 10 folders)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1979-1996, undated (Box 1, 3 folders)

Series 3: Photographs, 1969, 1974, 1980-1994 (Box 1, 1 folder)

Series 4: Miscellany, 1983-1992, undated (Box 1 , 1 folder)

Series 5: Taped Interviews, 1986-1996, undated (Box 1, 1 folder and 82 micro-cassettes)
Biographical Note:
Art historian and critic Helen L. Kohen has authored numerous articles on contemporary art focusing on the formation of the art culture in Miami since the early 1980s. Helen L. Kohen is art critic emeritus for the The Miami Herald newspaper in Miami, Florida.
Provenance:
Helen L. Kohen donated her papers to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution in 1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Helen L. Kohen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Haiti  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Women art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Art -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Helen L. Kohen papers, 1978-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kohehele
See more items in:
Helen L. Kohen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kohehele

Oral history interview with Rafael Soriano, 1997 December 6

Interviewee:
Soriano, Rafael, 1920-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13558
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216452
AAA_collcode_sorian97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216452
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with José Maria Mijares, 1998 Jan. 17

Interviewee:
Mijares Fernández, José María, 1921-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
PelÔaez, Amelia  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13560
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216453
AAA_collcode_mijare98
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216453
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Enrique Guy Garcia, 1998 Mar. 18

Interviewee:
Garcia, Enrique Guy, 1928-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13567
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216454
AAA_collcode_garcia98
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216454
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Arturo Rodríguez, 1997 November 14

Interviewee:
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Expatriate artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13542
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216456
AAA_collcode_rodrig97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216456
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Cundo Bermúdez, 1997 December 13

Interviewee:
Bermúdez, Cundo, 1914-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5420
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216451
AAA_collcode_bermud97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216451
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Demi, 1997 November 20

Interviewee:
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
Rodríguez, Arturo  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13571
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216455
AAA_collcode_demi97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216455
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with María Brito, 1997 October 25

Interviewee:
Brito, María Cristina, 1947-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5441
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216457
AAA_collcode_brito97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216457
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ramón Cernuda, 1998 March 28

Interviewee:
Cernuda, Ramón, 1947-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami, Fla.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Hispanic American art  Search this
Art, Cuban  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5455
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216460
AAA_collcode_cernud98
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216460
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Margarita Cano, 1998 April 22

Interviewee:
Cano, Margarita, 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Martínez, Juan A.  Search this
Subject:
Cano, Pablo  Search this
Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture (Miami, Fla.)  Search this
Miami-Dade Public Library  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Curators  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5446
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216461
AAA_collcode_cano98
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216461
Additional Online Media:

Carlos A. Macía papers, circa 1960-1996

Creator:
Macia, Carlos A., 1951-1994  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5497
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216019
AAA_collcode_macicarl
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216019
Additional Online Media:

Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers, circa 1957-2016

Creator:
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Verdecia, Carlos  Search this
Wojnarowicz, David  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Hassold, Cris  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Video recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5536
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216325
AAA_collcode_rodrartu
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216325
Additional Online Media:

Tomás Oliva papers, circa 1969-1996

Creator:
Oliva, Tomás, 1930-1996  Search this
Subject:
Levy-Angulo, Cyndee  Search this
Díaz Peláez, José Antonio  Search this
Los Once (Artists' group)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5515
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216397
AAA_collcode_olivtoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Sketches & Sketchbooks
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216397
Additional Online Media:

Ramón Guerrero papers and photographs, 1978-1993

Creator:
Guerrero, Ramón, 1946-1993  Search this
Subject:
Cuba-USA : the next generation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5480
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216312
AAA_collcode_guerramo
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216312
Additional Online Media:

Humberto Dionisio papers, 1919-1990

Creator:
Dionisio, Humberto, 1950-1987  Search this
Subject:
Saavedra, Nelia Dominguez  Search this
Rodriguez, Zoraida  Search this
Dominquez, Zaida Ortega  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Cuban Americans  Search this
Artists  Search this
Cuban American art  Search this
Cuba  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5463
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216215
AAA_collcode_dionhumb
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216215
Additional Online Media:

Roberto Estopiñán scrapbook, circa 1968-2010

Creator:
Estopiñán, Roberto, 1921-  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)21694
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)398492
AAA_collcode_estorobe
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_398492

Gustavo Acosta papers, 1958-2017

Creator:
Acosta, Gustavo, 1958-  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Drawings
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17585
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)395676
AAA_collcode_acosgust
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_395676

Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers

Creator:
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Names:
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Hassold, Cris  Search this
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Verdecia, Carlos, 1955-  Search this
Wojnarowicz, David  Search this
Extent:
6.42 Linear feet
12.79 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1957-2016
Summary:
The papers of Miami painters Demi and Arturo Rodríguez measure 6.42 linear feet and 12.79 GB and date from 1957 to 2016. The collection documents Arturo Rodríguez's career, travels, and childhood as well as the artwork of Demi, Rodriquez's wife and partner, and their relationship. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, project and exhibition files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork, and photographic materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Miami painters Demi and Arturo Rodríguez measure 6.42 linear feet and 12.79 GB and date from 1957 to 2016. The collection documents Arturo Rodríguez's career, travels, and childhood as well as the artwork of Demi, Rodriquez's wife and partner, and their relationship. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, project and exhibition files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork, and photographic materials.

Personal and professional correspondence is with artists, curators, galleries, museums, art historians, and collectors, including Shifra M. Goldman, Cris Hassold, Helen L. Kohen, collectors Judith and Bill Ladner, Minuca Villaverde, and others. Interviews include video and sound recordings of Demi and Arturo discussing lives and artwork, as well as one interview with Carlos Verdecia Jr. about Arturo. Writings include statements on artwork and autobiographical essays, lectures and talks, and notes. Project files concern the exhibitions The Rage of Children (1991), Walls & Murals: Mike Glier, Arturo Rodríguez & David Wojnarowitz, and Far from Cuba. Other documentation includes a project overview for the Joan Mitchell Foundation, artwork for music album covers, and plans for a retrospective of Demi and Arturo's work that was cancelled due to lack of support.

Personal business records consist of files for donations, financial investments, gallery consignments, receipts, sales lists, and collector information. Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, journal and magazines, posters, programs, and several children's books illustrated by Arturo using the pseudonym Hieronimus Fromm. Artwork includes drawings and comics by Arturo, collages, drawings and sketches, and 30 sketchbooks belonging to Demi and Arturo. Photographic materials depict Demi and Arturo together and with others, Demi and Arturo's home and studio, exhibitions, still lives, travel, and works of art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as nine series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1957-2013 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1978-2015 (Box 1; 0.8 linear feet, ER01; 0.023 GB)

Series 3: Interviews, 1991-2010 (Boxes 1-2; 0.5 linear feet, ER02-ER07; 6.01 GB)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1975-2015 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet, ER08; 0.012 GB)

Series 5: Project and Exhibition Files, 1986-2015 (Box 2; 0.8 linear feet, ER09-ER11; 0.607 GB)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1988-2012 (Boxes 2-3; 0.4 linear feet; ER12; 0.007 GB)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1979-2016 (Boxes 3-4, 7, OV 8; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1963-2016 (Boxes 4-5, 7, OV 8; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographic Material, 1977-2012 (Boxes 5-7; 1.5 linear feet, ER13-ER29; 6.13 GB)
Biographical / Historical:
Demi (1955- ) and Arturo Rodríguez (1956- ) are painters in Miami, Florida.

Demi was born in Camagüey, Cuba. In 1961, her father was executed by the Cuban government. Demi's mother struggled to take care of Demi and her sisters alone and Demi was sent to live with relatives in Puerto Rico in 1962. She came to the U.S. in 1971 where she was able to join her sisters and mother. Eventually Demi settled in Miami in 1978. She attended Miami-Dade College where she studied drama with the Prometeo Theater Group. In 1980, she met Arturo at one of his exhibitions. They married in 1984. Demi worked as a bookkeeper before she knew she could draw and paint. Her first attempts at creating art were in 1984 using a wedding photograph of herself and Arturo as her subject. Her first exhibition was in 1987 at the Cuban Museum in Miami. As she developed as an artist, children became the prime subjects in Demi's paintings. She was the recipient of the Florida State Visual Artist Grant for 1992 to 1993.

Arturo Rodríguez was born in Ranchuelo, Cuba, and showed an interest in art as a small child. Arturo and his family were exiled to Spain in 1971. While in Spain, his visits to see the paintings of Goya and Velázquez at the Prado Museum helped solidify his interest in art. Rodríguez settled in Miami with his family in 1973 where he eventually attended Miami Dade College. Arturo's works are often influenced by his relationship with Demi. In 1995, he created a series of collages using images of Demi as a way to deal with her cancer diagnosis. He has been the recipient of numerous awards including the prestigious Cintas Foundation Fellowship, Florida Arts Council Fellowships, and a Joan Mitchell Foundation grant.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Demi conducted on November 20, 1997 and an oral history interview with Arturo Rodríguez conducted on November 14, 1997 at Demi and Arturo's home/studio in Miami, F.L. by Juan A. Martínez for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Demi and Arturo Rodríguez in increments from 1997 to 2016.
Restrictions:
One folder of samples of payments for sales is ACCESS RESTRICTED; use requires written permission. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and born-digital records with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
Authorization to reproduce a photograph of Demi by Ramon Guerrero for the purposes of publication requires written permission from Demi.
Occupation:
Painters -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers, circa 1957-2016. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rodrartu
See more items in:
Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rodrartu

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