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William Mitchell Court Martial Collection [Reid]

Creator:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Extent:
2.18 Cubic Feet ((2 records center boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Press releases
Date:
1898-1951
bulk 1935-1926
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of documents relating to Mitchell's court martial in 1925. The material includes charge sheets, testimony, and press releases
Biographical / Historical:
Brigadier General William 'Billy' Mitchell (1879-1936), pilot and aviation and aerial bombing advocate, joined the army as a private and, by the Spanish-American War was the youngest lieutenant involved in the operation. Mitchell saw service in the Philippines, Cuba, and on the Mexican border, and graduated from the Army School of the Line (1908) and Army Staff College (1909) before serving on the Army General Staff (1913-1916). He held a number of command and staff posts in the Air Service in France during World War I (1917-1919) and first soloed in 1917. After a short period as Director of Military Aeronautics (1919) and Chief of Training and Operations (1920), he became Assistant to the Chief of Air Service (1921-1926). During this period he advocated the creation of an independent Air Service and demonstrated the utility of air power through the famous bomber vs. battleship trials (1921), the group flight to Alaska from the continental US (1923), and Army's Around the World Flight (1924). Unfortunately, Mitchell's public criticism of government policies, in defiance of Army regulations, resulted in his court martial for conduct prejudicial of 'good order and military discipline' and insubordination in October-December 1925. Found guilty and suspended for five years, Mitchell resigned his commission in January 1926. He continued to promote aviation and decry government inefficiencies until his death.
General:
See also: Mitchell Papers at Library of Congress, Manuscript Division
NASMrev
Provenance:
William H. Webb, gift, 1973, XXXX-0082, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Bombing, Aerial  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Press releases
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0082
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0082

William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks

Creator:
Webb, William  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic Feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1925-1926
Summary:
Colonel William Lendrum "Billy" Mitchell (1879-1936) of the U.S. Army Air Service, a leading proponent of air power, was court-martialed for insubordination in October – December 1925 after publically criticizing the Navy and War Departments. This collection consists of two scrapbooks of material relating to the court-martial by William Webb, a member of Mitchell's defense team.
Scope and Contents:
This collection was created by William Webb, a member of Colonel William L. "Billy" Mitchell's the defense team for his 1925 court-martial. The collection consists of two scrapbooks containingcontain photographs of Mitchell, Mitchell's family, the defense team, and witnesses; newspaper articles on the trial; and courtroom sketches.
Arrangement:
The collection consists of one flatbox containing two scrapbooks; the contents were arranged by the donor.
Biographical / Historical:
An active participant in American military aviation since its beginnings, Colonel William L. "Billy" Mitchell (1879-1936) was closely involved in shaping air policy and air defense strategy in the 1920s. Mitchell publically criticized the Navy and War Departments in the wake of the crash of the U.S. Navy rigid airship "Shenandoah" on September 3, 1925. His actions resulted in a court-martial held from October – December 1925 for insubordination and "Conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the military service." Mitchell was found guilty and was sentenced to "Suspension from rank, command, and duty with forfeiture of all pay and allowances for five years." Mitchell resigned from the Army on February 1, 1926. He remained a public voice for air power until his death on February 19, 1936. In 2003, Congress voted to posthumously commission William L. Mitchell as a major general in the Army.
Provenance:
Mrs. William Webb, Gift, 1991, NASM.1992.0013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bombing, Aerial  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air defenses -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Citation:
William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks, Acc. 1992.0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0013
See more items in:
William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0013
Additional Online Media:

Naval courts and boards. 1937

Author:
United States Navy Department  Search this
Subject:
United States Navy  Search this
United States Marine Corps Regulations  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 582 p. : ill., forms. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Regulations
Place:
United States
Date:
1937
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
VB793.A45 1937X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_195367

Military justice is to justice as military music is to music

Author:
Sherrill, Robert  Search this
Physical description:
234 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1970
[1970]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .S55
KF7625.S55
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_4160

Manual for courts-martial, United States

Title:
Manual for courts martial, United States
MCM
Author:
United States Department of Defense  Search this
United States Joint Service Committee on Military Justice  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 25-28 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
1984
1984-
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_909576

The Hazen court-martial: the responsibility for the disaster to the Lady Franklin Bay polar expedition definitely established, with proposed reforms in the law and practice of courts-martial. By T.J. Mackey ..

Author:
Mackey, T. J (Thomas Jefferson) 1830-1909  Search this
Subject:
Hazen, William Babcock 1830-1887  Search this
Greely Relief Expedition (1883)  Search this
Physical description:
364 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1885
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
G670 1883 .M15
G670 1883.M15
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_123903

Military justice under the 1948 amended Articles of war, by Louis F. Alyea

Author:
United States  Search this
Alyea, Louis F  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 96 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1949
[1949]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
KF7625.A316 A5Z
KF7625.A316A5Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_206705

The United States against Franklin W. Smith : argument of the judges-advocate

Author:
Smith, Franklin W (Franklin Webster)  Search this
Goodman, H. H  Search this
Smith, A. Thomas  Search this
United States Navy Court-martial (Smith : 1865)  Search this
Subject:
Smith, Franklin W (Franklin Webster)  Search this
Physical description:
139 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1865
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
VF145.U6 1861
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_352563

Commander J.H. Upshur : letter from the Secretary of the Navy transmitting a copy of the proceedings of the naval general court-martial in the case of Commander J.H. Upshur, United States Navy

Author:
United States Congress House Committee on Naval Affairs  Search this
United States Navy Department  Search this
Subject:
Upshur, J. H  Search this
United States Navy Department (Upshur : 1870)  Search this
Physical description:
35 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1870
1870]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
VF145 .U6 1861
VF145.U6 1861
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_352576

Military justice handbook : the law officer

Title:
Law officer
Author:
United States Department of the Army  Search this
Physical description:
230 p. : forms ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1958
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .U55 1958
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_596080

Manual for courts-martial, 1949, effective 1 February 1949. Prepared in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Army, adapted for use in the United States Air Force by the Office of the Judge Advocate General, United States Air Force

Author:
United States Department of the Army  Search this
United States Judge-Advocate-General's Department (Army)  Search this
United States Air Force Judge Advocate General  Search this
Subject:
United States Air Force  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 467 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1949
1949]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
UB856 .U51 1949
UB856.U51 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_97606

Index-digest and annotations to the Uniform code of military justice

Author:
Tillotson, Lee S. - (Lee Stephen) b. 1874  Search this
United States Laws, statutes, etc Uniform code of military justice. (Indexes)  Search this
Physical description:
319 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1952
[1952]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--Indexes  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military offenses  Search this
Call number:
KF7204.T57 1952
KF7204.T57 1952
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_301026

Military justice in the armed forces of the United States

Author:
Everett, Robinson O  Search this
Physical description:
338 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1956
[1956]
Topic:
Military offenses  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
KF7609 .E93 1956
KF7609.E93 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_334506

Military law and the procedure of courts-martial / by Edgar S. Dudley

Author:
Dudley, Edgar S  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 656, [19] p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1910
1907
Topic:
Military law  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
UB500 .D84 1910
UB500.D84 1910
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_336668

Military law; a handbook for the Navy and Marine Corps [by] Edward M. Byrne

Author:
Byrne, Edward M. 1935-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 396 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1970
[1970]
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military offenses  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .B99
KF7625.B99
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_4478

Courts-martial procedure guide : general, special, and summary courts-martial, U.S. Army

Physical description:
92 p. ; 9 x 15 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
C1938
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625.A33 C68 1938
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_522939

Manual for courts-martial, United States

Title:
Manual for courts martial, United States
Author:
United States Department of Defense  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 24-28 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
1951
[1951-
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .M368
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567837

Manual for courts-martial, U.S. Army

Title:
Manual for courts martial, U.S. Army
Author:
United States Army Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 24 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
192u
1949
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .M368
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567840

A hanging offense : the strange affair of the warship Somers / Buckner F. Melton, Jr

Author:
Melton, Buckner F  Search this
Subject:
Somers (Brig : 1842-1846)  Search this
Physical description:
301 p. : map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Trials (Mutiny)  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_721377

A question of loyalty : Gen. Billy Mitchell and the court-martial that gripped the nation / Douglas Waller

Author:
Waller, Douglas C  Search this
Subject:
Mitchell, William 1879-1936 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
439 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Trials (Military offenses)  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745952

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