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Associations, Committees and Councils Records, 1989-2004

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Broun, Elizabeth  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Council on Library and Information Resources  Search this
Friends of Art and Preservation in Embassies (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information  Search this
Denver Art Museum  Search this
Latino Program Planning Committee  Search this
Museum of the Americas Foundation  Search this
Women of the West Museum  Search this
Art Museum Image Consortium  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Date:
1989
1989-2004
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 05-192
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2020; Transferring office; 2/23/1988, memorandum Shaffer to McManus; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Associations, Committees and Councils Records 1943-2004 [Smithsonian American Art Museum Office of the Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_259017

Nathan Reingold Papers, 1952-2005

Creator:
Reingold, Nathan 1927-  Search this
Uniform title:
American National Biography  Search this
Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations  Search this
Subject:
Reingold, Nathan 1927-  Search this
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Rockefeller Archive Center  Search this
Physical description:
5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
1952
1952-2005
Topic:
Science--History  Search this
Science  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 05-099
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_256422

John Warren Aldrich Oral History Interviews, 1975, 1977

Interviewee:
Aldrich, John W (John Warren) 1906-1995  Search this
Subject:
Aldrich, John W (John Warren) 1906-1995  Search this
Audubon Naturalist Society of the Central Atlantic States  Search this
Biological Society of Washington  Search this
International Council for Bird Preservation  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  Search this
Washington Biologists' Field Club  Search this
Buffalo Museum of Science  Search this
Cleveland Museum of Natural History  Search this
Baird Ornithological Club of Washington, D.C  Search this
Wilderness Society (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Vertebrate Zoology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Birds  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Zoology  Search this
Interivewer:
Henson, Pamela M  Search this
Physical description:
4 audiotapes (Reference copies). 7 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies)
Type:
Audiotapes
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Date:
1975
1975-1977
1975, 1977
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU009511
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217679

Alexander Wetmore Papers, circa 1848-1983 and undated

Creator:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Uniform title:
Birds of the Republic of Panama  Search this
Birds of the Republic of Panama  Search this
Subject:
Xántus, János 1825-1894  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Elliot, Daniel Giraud 1835-1915  Search this
Harris, Harry  Search this
American Committee for International Wild Life Protection  Search this
Inter-American Committee of Experts on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation  Search this
National Association of Audubon Societies  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
American Ornithologists' Union  Search this
American Philosophical Society  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Explorers Club  Search this
George Washington University  Search this
Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Washington Biologists' Field Club  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) Daniel Giraud Elliot Fund  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
United States Bureau of Biological Survey  Search this
United States Department of Agriculture  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum  Search this
International Ornithological Congress  Search this
Eighth American Scientific Congress (1940: Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Physical description:
116.34 cu. ft. (206 document boxes) (10 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (2 16x20 boxes) (29 3x5 boxes) (13 5x8 boxes) (oversize materials)
Culture:
Portraits  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1848
1848-1983
1848-1983 and undated
Topic:
Ornithology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Conservation of natural resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU007006
See more items in:
Expedition History 1932-1934 [Walter Rathbone Bacon Travelling Scholarship Expedition (1932-1934: Siberia)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217206

Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume I, Brief biography, positions held, Loubat Prizes, medals, etc., societies and clubs, bibliography

Title:
Random records, vol. 1
Creator:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Subject:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Smithsonian Institution History  Search this
Geological Survey (U.S.) History  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume illustrations, clippings, letters. 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1846
1846-1932
Call number:
CT275.H75 A1 v. 1
CT275.H75 A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063434
4 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume I, Brief biography, positions held, Loubat Prizes, medals, etc., societies and clubs, bibliography digital asset number 1
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  • View Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume I, Brief biography, positions held, Loubat Prizes, medals, etc., societies and clubs, bibliography digital asset number 3
  • View Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume I, Brief biography, positions held, Loubat Prizes, medals, etc., societies and clubs, bibliography digital asset number 4

Allyn Cox papers, 1856-1982

Creator:
Cox, Allyn, 1896-1982  Search this
Subject:
Young, Clifford  Search this
MacDonald, Pirie  Search this
Harbeson, John F. (John Frederick),  Search this
Cox, Louise Howland King  Search this
Laning, Edward  Search this
Conrad, Arthur  Search this
Schwengel, Fred  Search this
Cox, Ethel  Search this
Bayley, John Barrington  Search this
Lay, C.D. (Charles Downing)  Search this
Bishop, Warner  Search this
Keller, Deane  Search this
Cox, Kenyon  Search this
Frost, Stuart  Search this
Keally, Francis  Search this
DeWitt, Roscoe  Search this
Cassio, Fabrizio  Search this
Shutze, Philip Trammell  Search this
Lamb, Adrian  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art Commission of the City of New York  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Dumbarton Oaks  Search this
American Battle Monuments Commission  Search this
United States Capitol Historical Society  Search this
United States.Architect of the Capitol  Search this
Park Club of Kalamazoo  Search this
George Washington Masonic National Memorial (Alexandria, Va.)  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Interviews
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Muralists  Search this
General Grant National Memorial (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9398
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211595
AAA_collcode_coxally
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211595
Additional Online Media:

Allyn Cox papers

Creator:
Cox, Allyn, 1896-1982  Search this
Names:
American Battle Monuments Commission  Search this
Art Commission of the City of New York  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Dumbarton Oaks  Search this
George Washington Masonic National Memorial (Alexandria, Va.)  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Park Club of Kalamazoo  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States Capitol Historical Society  Search this
Bayley, John Barrington, 1914-1981  Search this
Bishop, Warner  Search this
Cassio, Fabrizio  Search this
Conrad, Arthur  Search this
Cox, Ethel  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Cox, Louise Howland King, 1865-1945  Search this
DeWitt, Roscoe, 1894-1975  Search this
Frost, Stuart  Search this
Harbeson, John F., 1888-1986 ((John Frederick))  Search this
Keally, Francis, 1889-1978  Search this
Keller, Deane, 1901-1992  Search this
Lamb, Adrian  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-  Search this
Lay, Charles Downing, 1877-1956  Search this
MacDonald, Pirie, 1867-1942  Search this
Schwengel, Fred, 1907-1993  Search this
Shutze, Philip Trammell  Search this
Young, Clifford, 1905-  Search this
Extent:
11 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Diaries
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
General Grant National Memorial (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1856-1982
Summary:
The papers of New York, N.Y., and Washington, D.C. painter and muralist Allyn Cox measure 11 linear feet and date from 1856-1982. The collection documents Cox's personal and professional life through biographical material, family and general correspondence, writings and notes, research material, printed material, sketchbooks and loose sketches, and photographs. Photographs are of Cox at work, the Cox family, including Kenyon and Louise Cox, Cox's friends and colleagues, events, and Cox's artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York, N.Y., and Washington, D.C. painter and muralist Allyn Cox measure 11 linear feet and date from 1856-1982. The collection documents Cox's personal and professional life through biographical material, family and general correspondence, writings and notes, research material, printed material, sketchbooks and loose sketches, and photographs. Photographs are of Cox at work, the Cox family, including Kenyon and Louise Cox, Cox's friends and colleagues, events, and Cox's artwork.

Biographical material includes family birth, death, and marriage certificates, and passports for Cox and his wife Ethel, whom he married in 1927; professional membership cards, awards and certificates; records related to sales of furnishings from the Cox family home in Essex, Massachusetts; and an untranscribed interview of Cox by Tony Janak of NBC TV.

Cox's family correspondence is primarily with his mother, Louise Cox. Also found is correspondence with Cox's sister, Caroline Cox Lansing, and his brother Leonard Cox and Leonard's wife, Sylvia, and letters from Ethel Cox to her mother. Additional correspondence relating to the disposition of Kenyon Cox''s artwork and archives to various institutions, can also be found here.

General correspondence documents Cox's career and professional relationships with artists and architects, including John Barrington Bayley, Fabrizio Cassio, Arthur Conrad, Roscoe DeWitt, Stuart Frost, John Harbeson, Francis Keally, Adrian Lamb, Edward Laning, Charles Downing Lay, Deane Keller, Philip Trammell Shutze, and Cliff Young; art institutions and organizations including the Art Commission of the City of New York, the Art Students League, Dumbarton Oaks, the National Society of Mural Painters, and the Smithsonian Institution; federal, state and local government agencies including the American Battle Monuments Commission, the Architect of the Capitol, and the General Grant National Memorial; members of Congress including founder of the United States Capitol Historical Society, Representative Fred Schwengel; and private social clubs in which Cox was active, including the Century Association, the Cosmopolitan Club and the Cosmos Club. Correspondence documents Cox's most well known commissions including work for the George Washington Masonic National Memorial and the United States Capitol, as well as work for many private clients including banks and residences.

Also found are typescripts, manuscripts and notes for Cox's lectures, as well as Ethel Cox's diary from 1923-1936 and her diary excerpt from 1955. Ten folders of research files, consisting primarily of clippings, comprise Cox's source material. Additional printed material provides scattered documentation of Cox's career through announcements and catalogs, and magazine and newspaper articles written by him or about his work. Also found is one folder of clippings about Kenyon Cox.

Four sketchbooks and circa twenty-two loose animal, figure, architectural and landscape sketches comprise Cox's artwork, in addition to two 1943 sketches Cox entered into a War Department mural competition. Also found is an 1873 sketchbook of Kenyon Cox, with sketches of people and scenes in Ohio.

Photographs are of Cox from childhood to the 1980s; his family, including parents, siblings, and grandparents; friends including Philip Trammell Shutze and Warner Bishop; family residences; artist models; events; and artwork, including many of Cox's commissions. In addition to photographic prints, slides, and negatives, the series includes vintage formats such as an ambrotype, 8 tintypes, 2 cyanotypes, and a platinum print. Of particular note are circa 16 photos of Kenyon Cox, one taken by Pirie MacDonald and three of him teaching a class at the Art Students League, and a series of circa 1906 photos taken in a garden, of Louise and Kenyon Cox with their children and others. Also found are 10 glass plate negatives of artwork by Cox.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and are closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1916-1982 (0.33 linear feet; Boxes 1, 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1878-1982 (6.74 linear feet; Boxes 1-7, 12)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1919-1982 (0.58 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)

Series 4: Research Files, circa 1950s-circa 1970s (0.25 linear feet; Box 8)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1920s-1982 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 8-9)

Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, 1873-circa 1978 (0.25 linear feet; Box 9, OVs 13-14)

Series 7: Photographs, 1856-circa 1980 (2.25 linear feet; Boxes 9-12, OV 13)
Biographical / Historical:
New York, N.Y. and Washington, D.C. painter and muralist, Allyn Cox (1896-1982), was born in New York City to artists Kenyon and Louise Cox. Cox first trained as his father's assistant, serving as an apprentice to Kenyon Cox during the painting of the murals at the Wisconsin State Capitol, circa 1912. He attended the National Academy of Design from 1910-1915, and the Art Student's League with George Bridgman in 1915. In 1916 he was awarded the Prix de Rome and subsequently studied at the American Academy in Rome for 2 years before returning to New York City to begin a career in mural painting.

Cox completed numerous murals and decorative paintings for private residences, businesses, churches, and public buildings. Some of his most famous commissions included murals for the Royal Arch Room and Memorial Hall of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria, Virginia; the Law School at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville; and the William A. Clark Memorial Library at the University of California, Los Angeles; panels for the National City Bank, the Continental Bank, and the Guaranty Trust Company in New York; and glass mosaics and inlaid stone maps for the United States Military Cemetery in Hamm, Luxembourg.

Cox is best known for his work in the United States Capitol, beginning in 1952 when he undertook a congressional commission to restore and complete the murals in in the Capitol rotunda begun by Constantino Brumidi and Filipo Costaggini in 1878. Over the course of the next two decades Cox, now residing in Washington, D.C., restored the Frieze of American History and the Apotheosis of Washington in the Rotunda, and designed murals for three first-floor corridors in the Capitol's House wing, now known as the Cox Corridors. Assisted by Cliff Young, Cox completed painting for two of these corridors before his death. In 1958 Cox also painted a portrait of Henry Clay for the Senate Reception Room and in 1975 completed a mural depicting the 1969 moon landing in the Brumidi Corridor.

Cox taught at the Art Students League in 1940 and 1941, and was active in professional organizations throughout his career. He served as President of the American Artists Professional League and the National Society of Mural Painters, and Vice President of both the Fine Arts Federation and the New York Architectural League. He was a member of the board of the New York Municipal Art Society and served on the the New York City Art Commission.

Cox retired in March 1982 at the age of 86 and died the following September.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Allyn Cox papers relating to U.S. Capitol murals, 1970-1974, donated by the Committee on House Administration, via Cindy Szady in 1981. Papers include a resume; a cost estimate by Cox for designing and executing mural decorations in the U.S. Capitol, 1970; a letter, 1974, from the Office of the Architect of the Capitol to the Capitol Historical Society enclosing photocopies of printed material pertinent to the unveiling and dedication of the Capitol rotunda frieze in 1954; miscellaneous printed material, 1971-1974; and 15 photographs of the murals in the Capitol.
Provenance:
The bulk of the Allyn Cox papers was donated in 1977 and 1983 by the Estate of Allyn Cox, Stephen M. Pulsifer, Exectuor, including material that had been loaned for microfiliming in 1969. Two mural sketches were donated by the Essex County Greenbelt Association in 1984.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and are closed to researchers,

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Allyn Cox papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Muralists -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Diaries
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Allyn Cox papers, 1856-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.coxally
See more items in:
Allyn Cox papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-coxally
Additional Online Media:

Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.) [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Topic:
Art Organizations  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_105353

Constitution and By-Laws, with a list of officers and members

Author:
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
42 p
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1890
February 1, 1890
Call number:
AS29.W317C83 1890
AS29.W317C83 1890
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_297562

Charles D. Walcott Collection

Creator:
Walcott, Charles D, (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Extent:
11.7 linear meters and oversize.
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scientific illustrations
Portraits
Date:
1851-1940 and undated
Introduction:
The Charles D. Walcott Collection Papers (Record Unit 7004) were given to the Smithsonian by his wife, Mary Vaux Walcott, with certain more recent additions.

The Archives would like to thank Dr. Ellis L. Yochelson, United States Geological Survey, and Frederick J. Collier, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, for their assistance in transferring items from the Walcott family and the Department for inclusion in this collection.
Descriptive Entry:
The Charles D. Walcott Collection documents his personal, professional, and official life as well as activities of his family. Included are papers from his scientific and educational activities at the local and national levels, his career as a paleontologist, his administrative career with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and to a lesser extent with the Smithsonian, and material on one of his sons' participation in World War I. Some of the collection postdates Walcott's life, including condolences to his family, an unpublished biography, correspondence between the biographer and Mrs. Walcott, and paleontological field notes by some of his colleagues.

For records relating to Walcott's family there are diaries; photographs; and correspondence with his children, his last two wives, and other family members. There is a considerable amount of material consisting of correspondence, photographs, memorabilia, publications, and official documents from the French and German governments concerning Benjamin Stuart Walcott's involvement with the Lafayette Flying Corps in France during World War I and efforts to establish a memorial in France for the Corps. Other personal records include legal documents; personal financial records; and family correspondence concerning financial investments in power companies, the prolonged illness and death of his son Charles, the death of his wife, Helena, and his daughter's travels through Europe.

Walcott's professional life is divided between his service with the USGS and the Smithsonian. Documenting his USGS years are photographs; speeches; scrapbooks; reports and correspondence from his work on forest reserves, the investigation of scientific work conducted by the federal government, and land reclamation; and annual reports. Walcott's Smithsonian career is documented primarily by correspondence written while serving as honorary curator of paleontology and Acting Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum. One scrapbook includes extensive correspondence from scientists, government officials, and friends upon the occasion of Walcott's appointment as Secretary of the Smithsonian. For a more complete record of Walcott's association with the Smithsonian, the records of the Office of the Secretary (Record Units 45 and 46), records of the Assistant Secretary, Acting (Record Unit 56), and two special series relating to the budget (Record Unit 49) and to the Research Corporation (Record Unit 51) should be consulted.

For Walcott's career as a paleontologist, there is documentation in his field notes; publications of his as well as those of others in related areas; manuscripts; diaries; and photographs, including panoramic views of the Rockies in Alberta, British Columbia, and Montana. In addition, there are paleontological field notes by Ray T. Bassler, Charles Elmer Resser, and Edward Oscar Ulrich.

Walcott's role in promoting and developing national science policy is partially covered in the records relating to his involvement in the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington Academy of Sciences, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Included are legal documents, correspondence, committee minutes, reports, proceedings, financial statements, membership lists, and related materials. Additional material on the Washington Academy of Sciences can be found in Record Unit 7099. Records documenting Walcott's involvement in the administration and development of the other organizations exist at those institutions. His affiliation with the George Washington Memorial Association is documented with correspondence, trustees' minutes, histories of the Association, and drawings and plans for a building. For other national developments there is correspondence covering Walcott's participation on the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.

Other types of materials in this collection include certificates, diplomas, awards, and occasionally correspondence concerning his election to honorary and professional societies and the receipt of honorary degrees, and scrapbooks and diaries which touch on events throughout his life.

See also the online exhibition "Beauty in Service to Science: The Panoramas of Charles D. Walcott."
Historical Note:
Charles D. Walcott (1850-1927) was born in New York Mills, New York, and attended the Utica public schools and Utica Academy, but never graduated. He demonstrated an early interest in natural history by collecting birds' eggs and minerals; and, while employed as a farm hand, he began collecting trilobites. These he later sold to Louis Agassiz at Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. Walcott began his professional scientific career in November 1876 when he was appointed as an assistant to James Hall, New York's state geologist. On July 21, 1879, Walcott joined the United States Geological Survey (USGS) as an assistant geologist. Shortly after arriving in Washington, D. C., he was sent to southwestern Utah to make stratigraphic sections. His later field work with the Survey included expeditions to the Appalachians, New England, New York, eastern Canada, and several Middle Atlantic states, as well as other parts of southwestern and western United States. From 1882 to 1893 he worked with the Survey's invertebrate Paleozoic paleontological collections, and in 1893 he was appointed Geologist in charge of Geology and Paleontology. He also served as an honorary curator of invertebrate Paleozoic fossils at the United States National Museum (USNM) from 1892 to 1907, and as Acting Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in charge of the USNM from 1897 to 1898. His fieldwork from this period resulted in several major publications, including The Paleontology of the Eureka District (1884), a study of fossils in Nevada; The Fauna of the Olenellus Zone (1888) concerning early North American Cambrian fossils; Correlation Papers on the Cambrian (1890); and Fossil Medusae (1898). In 1894 Walcott was appointed Director of the USGS. Serving until 1907, he greatly expanded the functions of the agency and was successful in increasing federal appropriations. In 1891 Congress had given the President the authority to establish public forests, but it was not until 1897 that the administration of the forest reserves was placed under the USGS. Walcott was instrumental in having legislation passed to enforce the preservation of forest reserves and to add additional land to the reserve program. His predecessor at the USGS initiated an arid land reclamation program in 1888 which Walcott continued as part of his forest reserve program. In 1902 he established the Hydrographic Branch to administer the program; but four years later the Branch, since renamed the Reclamation Service, became a separate federal agency. He also created the Division of Mineral Resources to experiment with coal combustion. In 1907 it was renamed the Bureau of Mines. At the request of President Theodore Roosevelt in 1903, Walcott served as chairman of a committee to study the scientific work being conducted by the federal government.

Walcott was appointed Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution on January 31, 1907, and resigned from the USGS in April 1907. His administration at the Smithsonian was marked by numerous accomplishments, including the completion of the National Museum Building (now the National Museum of Natural History) in 1911. He was also successful in convincing Detroit industrialist Charles Lang Freer to donate his extensive Oriental art collection and money for a building during his lifetime rather than after Freer's death, as was originally intended. Walcott also set up the National Gallery of Art (predecessor to the National Museum of American Art) as a separate administrative entity in 1920. To administer Frederick G. Cottrell's gift of patent rights to his electrical precipitator, the Research Corporation was formed in 1912, with revenue from this patent, as well as future ones, to be used to advance scientific research at the Smithsonian and other educational institutions. Walcott served on the Corporation's Board of Directors for several years. To further increase the Smithsonian's endowment, Walcott was planning a major fundraising effort; but this was not pursued following his death an February 9, 1927. In 1922, he and his wife established a fund in their names at the Smithsonian to support paleontological research.

Despite his many administrative responsibilities as Secretary, Walcott was able to find time to continue his research and collecting of fossils from the Cambrian and Ordovician periods, with primary focus on the Canadian Rockies. In 1909 he located Cambrian fossils near Burgess Pass above Field, British Columbia. The following season he discovered the Burgess shale fauna, which proved to be his greatest paleontological discovery. Most of this research was published in various volumes of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections from 1908-1931. His one major publication during this period was Cambrian Brachiopoda, published in 1912. Walcott continued to return to the Canadian Rockies for most seasons through 1925, when he made his last field expedition. As one of the foremost scientific figures in Washington, Walcott helped to establish several organizations with international renown and restructure existing national organizations. In 1902, Walcott, along with several other prominent individuals, met with Andrew Carnegie to establish the Carnegie Institution of Washington as a center for advanced research and training in the sciences. Walcott served the Institution in several administrative capacities. He was also instrumental in convincing Carnegie that the Institution should have laboratories built for scientists rather than use his gift solely for research grants.

Elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1896, Walcott played a role in having the Academy become more actively involved in national science policy by serving in many official capacities. In addition to serving on innumerable committees, he held the offices of treasurer, vice president, president, and council member. He was also appointed to two presidential committees--Timber Utilization and Outdoor Recreation--in 1924 and was reappointed to both in 1926. He was the Academy's first recipient of the Mary Clark Thompson Medal. Following his death, his wife established the Charles Doolittle Walcott Fund for achievements in Cambrian research.

In 1916 the Academy, at the request of President Woodrow Wilson, created the National Research Council within the Academy to assist the federal government in the interest of national preparedness. Walcott, as one who met with Wilson, became actively involved in the organization of the Council by sitting on many of its committees, including one which planned for the present headquarters of the Council and the Academy. Walcott contributed significantly to the development of American aviation. He pressed for the establishment of the National Advisory Committee for Aviation, which was a predecessor of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He was instrumental in establishing air mail service, organizing the Committee on Aerial Photographic Surveying and Mapping, and writing the Air Commerce Act of 1926. Besides his scientific activities, Walcott lent his influence to other groups, such as the George Washington Memorial Association. That group attempted to create a memorial to Washington by forming an institution to promote science, literature, and the arts, just as Washington had proposed should be done.

Walcott was married three times - to Lura Ann Rust (d. 1876), to Helena Breese Stevens (d. 1911), and to Mary Morris Vaux (d. 1940). By his second wife he had four children: Charles Doolittle, Sidney Stevens, Helen Breese, and Benjamin Stuart. Charles died while a student at Yale, and Benjamin was killed in action in France while flying for the Lafayette Flying Corps. In 1914 Walcott married Mary Morris Vaux, who, while accompanying him on his field trips, studied and painted North American wildflowers. Her work was published in five volumes by the Smithsonian in 1925.

Although Walcott never received an academic degree, he was the recipient of numerous honorary degrees from colleges and universities in the United States and Europe. His colleagues recognized his contribution to paleontology by awarding him the Bigsby and Wollaston Medals from the Geological Society of London; the Gaudry Medal of the Geological Society of France; and the Hayden Medal from the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. He also served as a founder and president, 1899-1910, of the Washington Academy of Sciences; president of the Cosmos Club, 1898; president, 1915-1917, of the Washington Branch of the Archeological Institute of America; and president, 1925-1927, of the American Philosophical Society.
Chronology:
March 31, 1850 -- Born in New York Mills, New York

1858-1868 -- Attended public schools in Utica, New York, and Utica Academy

1863 -- Began collecting natural history specimens

1871 -- Moved to Trenton Falls, New York, to work on William P. Rust's farm and began collecting trilobites

January 9, 1872 -- Married Lura Am Rust

1873 -- Sold collection of fossils to Louis Agassiz at Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology

January 23,1876 -- Lura Ann Walcott died

November 1876 -- Appointed assistant to Janes Hall, state geologist of New York

1876 -- Joined American Association for the Advancement of Science

July 21, 1879 -- Appointed Assistant Geologist, United States Geological Survey (USGS)

1879 -- Assisted Clarence Edward Dutton in Grand Canyon region in south-central Utah and the Eureka district in Nevada

July 1, 1882 -- Placed in charge of Division of Invertebrate Paleozoic Paleontology at USGS

1882 -- Elected Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science

-- Field work in Nevada and Grand Canyon

1883 -- Promoted to Paleontologist, USGS

-- Field work in Grand Canyon and Cambrian studies in Adirondacks and northwestern Vermont

1884 -- Field work in Cambrian fossils in western Vermont; coal deposits in central Arizona; and Lower Paleozoic of Texas' central mineral region; Published first major paper The Paleontology of the Eureka District (USGS Monograph 8)

1885 -- Field work on Cambrians in Highland Range of central Nevada; Permian fossils of southwestern Utah; and Cambrian fossils in Wasatch Mountains near Salt Lake City

1886 -- Published "Classification of the Cambrian System in North America"

-- Cambrian field work in northern New York and western Vermont

1887 -- Cambrian field work in New York, western Massachusetts, and southwestern Vermont

1888 -- Married Helena Breese Stevens; Attended International Geological Congress in London; Placed in charge of all invertebrate paleontology at USGS; Published The Fauna of the Olenellus Zone which discusses Cambrian fossils in North America; Field work in Wales and on Canadian-Vermont border

May 17, 1889 -- Son Charles Doolittle born

1889 -- Cambrian field work in North Carolina, Tennessee, Mohawk Valley of New York, Vermont, and Quebec

1890 -- Published Correlation Papers on the Cambrian; Cambrian strata field work in New York and Vermont and Ordovician strata field work in Colorado Springs, Colorado

1891 -- Field work in New York, Colorado, and Appalachians from Virginia to Alabama

October 2, 1892 -- Son Sidney Stevens born

1892 -- Placed in charge of all paleontological work at USGS; Field work in southern Pennsylvania and western Maryland

1892-1907 -- Honorary curator of invertebrate Paleozoic fossils at United States National Museum (USNM)

January 1, 1893 -- Appointed Geologist in charge of Geology and Paleontology, USGS

1893 -- Vice President, Section E (Geology and Geography), American Association for the Advancement of Science; Examined Lower Paleozoic rocks in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee; Prepared paleontological exhibition for Chicago's Columbian Exposition

August 20, 1894 -- Daughter Helen Breese born

1894 -- Placed in charge of all paleontological collections at USNM; Appointed Director, USGS; Field work in central Colorado and White Mountain Range in California and Nevada

1895 -- Cambrian field work in Montana, Idaho, and Massachusetts

July 8, 1896 -- Son Benjamin Stuart born

1896 -- Joined National Academy of Sciences (NAS); Field work in eastern California and western Nevada and Franklin Mountains near El Paso, Texas

January 27, 1897 -- Appointed Acting Secretary in Charge of the USNM

1897 -- Conducted examination of forest reserves and national parks in Black Hills, Big Horn Mountains, and Inyo Mountains

June 30, 1898 -- Resigned as Acting Assistant Secretary in Charge of the USNM

1898 -- Field work in Lexington, Virginia; Teton Forest Reserve, Wyoming; Belt Mountains near Helena, Montana; and Idaho; President of the Cosmos Club, Washington, D.C.; Published Fossil Medusae (USGS Monograph 30)

1899 -- Field work in Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Quebec; One of the founders of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1899-1911 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1900 -- Field work in Montana and Rhode Island

1901 -- Field work in Pennsylvania

January 4, 1902 -- One of the founders of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) and Secretary of the Board of Incorporators

1902 -- Member of the Advisory Committee on Geology and Advisory Committee on Geophysics of CIW

1902-1905 -- Secretary of Board of Trustees and of Executive Committee of CIW

1902-1922 -- Member, Executive Committee of Board of Trustees of CTW

1902-1923 -- Member of Council of NAS

1902-1927 -- Member, Board of Trustees, CIW

1903 -- Head of Board of Scientific Surveys, CIW; Field work in Uinta Mountains, Utah; House Range of western Utah; Snake River Range of eastern Nevada; Chairman of committee to study scientific work conducted by federal government

1904-1913 -- Honorary Curator, Department of Mineral Technology, USNM

1905 -- Field work in Montana's Rocky Mountains and Cambrian fossils of Utah's House Range

January 31, 1907 -- Appointed Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution

April 1907 -- Resigned as Director of the USGS

1907 -- Field work at Mount Stephen, Castle Mountains, Lake Louise, and Mount Bosworth in British Columbia

1907-1917 -- Vice President of NAS

1908 -- Field work in Montana, British Columbia, and Alberta

1909 -- Found Cambrian fossils near Burgess Pass above Field, British Columbia

1910 -- Found Burgess shale fauna

June 20, 1911 -- National Museum Building (now the National Museum of Natural History) completed

July 11, 1911 -- Wife Helena died in train accident in Bridgeport, Connecticut

1911 -- Field work in British Columbia

1912 -- Field work in Alberta and British Columbia; Published Cambrian Brachiopoda (USGS Monograph 51)

April 7, 1913 -- Son Charles Doolittle died

1913 -- Burgess shale work in Robson Park district, British Columbia, and in Jasper Park, Alberta

June 30, 1914 -- Married Mary Morris Vaux

1914 -- Field work in Glacier, British Columbia, and White Sulphur Springs and Deep Creek Canyon, Montana

1914-1927 -- Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees, CIW

1915 -- Living algae field work in Yellowstone National Park and West Gallatin River; fossil field work in Arizona 1915-1917; President, Washington Branch of the Archeological Institute of America

1915-1919 -- Chairman, Executive Committee of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

June 30, 1916 -- Elected member of National Research Council (NRC)

October 1916 -- Freer Gallery of Art building construction begun

1916 -- Field work in British Columbia and Alberta

1916-1923 -- First Vice Chairman, NRC

December 12, 1917 -- Son Benjamin Stuart died in military action in France

1917 -- Appointed member of NRC's Executive Committee, Aeronautics Committee, and Geology and Paleontology Committee; Chairman, NRC's Military Committee; Burgess shale field work around Lake MacArthur and in Vermilion River Valley

1917-1922 -- Chairman, Executive Committee, CIW

1917-1923 -- President, NAS

June 1918 -- Helped organize National Parks Educational Committee (became National Parks Association in 1919)

1918 -- Field work in Alberta; Member, NRC's Interim Committee; Chairman, NRC's Military Division and Section on Aeronautics

1918-1919 -- Chairman, National Parks Educational Committee

1919 -- Field work in Alberta; Chairman, NRC's Committee on Scientific Men as Reserve officers in Reorganized Army; Chairman, NRC's Committee on Removal of Offices of National Research Council; Chairman, NRC's Committee on Representation of United States at International Meetings to be held at Brussels

1919-1920 -- Member, NRC's Committee on General Policy and Solicitation of Funds; Chairman, NRC's Government Division

1919-1922 -- Member, NRC's Committee on Federal Grants for Research; Chairman, NRC's Committee on Publication of "The Inquiry" Results

1919-1924 -- Member, NRC's Research Information Service

1919-1925 -- Member, NRC's Executive Board

1919-1926 -- Member, National Parks Association's Executive Committee

1919-1927 -- Chairman, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

-- Chairman, NRC's Division of Federal Relations; Member, NRC's Executive Committee of Division of Federal Relations

1920 -- Field work in Alberta

1920-1921 -- Member, NAS's Federal Relations Committee

1920-1922 -- Chairman, Committee on Budget (jointly with NAS and NRC); Member, NRC's Committee on Building Stone and Committee on Building Plans

1921 -- Field work in Alberta

1921 -- Freer Gallery of Art building completed; Received first Mary Clark Thompson Medal from NAS

1921-1924 -- President, National Parks Association

1921-1927 -- Chairman, NRC's Executive Committee of Division of Federal Regulations

1922 -- Field work in Alberta and British Columbia; Established Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Fund at Smithsonian

1922-1923 -- Member, NRC's Committee on Stabilization of Permanent Foundations; Chairman, Committee on Finance (jointly with NAS and NRC)

1922-1925 -- Member, NRC's Committee on Building; Member, NRC's Committee on Policies

1923 -- Field work in Alberta and British Columbia; President, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Freer Gallery of Art opened

1923-1924 -- Chairman, Committee on Dedication of the New Building (jointly with NAS and NRC)

1923-1925 -- Member, NRC's Interim Committee; Member, Executive Committee, Committee on Exhibits in the New Building (jointly with NAS and NRC)

1923-1927 -- Second Vice Chairman, NRC

1924 -- Field work in Alberta and British Columbia

1924-1925 -- Member, Committee on Exhibits (jointly with NAS and NRC)

1925 -- Field work in Alberta; Life Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1925-1927 -- President, American Philosophical Society

1926 -- Helped draft Air Commerce Act of 1926

1926-1927 -- Board of Trustees, National Parks Association

February 9, 1927 -- Died in Washington, D.C.
Topic:
Geology.  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scientific illustrations
Portraits
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7004, Walcott, Charles D, (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927, Charles D. Walcott Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 7004
See more items in:
Charles D. Walcott Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7004
Additional Online Media:

I Have Considered the Days

Author:
Adler, Cyrus 1863-1940  Search this
Subject:
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Natural History Building  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries (SIL)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Smithsonian Gallery of Art  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building Children's Room  Search this
Smithsonian African Expedition (1909-1910)  Search this
Place:
United States
Date:
1941
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Art--History  Search this
Biography  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Judaism  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Libraries and museums  Search this
Library science  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Building  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Publisher:
Philadelphia The Jewish Publication Society of America
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2921

Major John Wesley Powell

Author:
Sawyer ?  Search this
Subject:
Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Place:
America
Date:
c. 1870s
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Explorations and Expeditions  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Standard number:
2002-12170
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10065

Major John Wesley Powell

Author:
Sawyer ?  Search this
Subject:
Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Place:
United States
America
Date:
c. 1890s
Topic:
Anthropologists  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Expeditions  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Territorial expansion  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Standard number:
94-12600
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8315

Landscape Painting by William Henry Holmes

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8 x 10; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Date:
c. 1920
Topic:
Art objects  Search this
Art--History  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting  Search this
Art--United States  Search this
Artists  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Standard number:
8022 or MAH-8022
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9102

Smithsonian Centennial Exhibit, NCFA

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
Smithsonian Gallery of Art  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Natural History Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1946
Topic:
Carow, Wilford Seymour  Search this
Smithsonian Centennial Exhibition  Search this
Art--Exhibitions  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Standard number:
37443-F or MAH-37443F
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9541

Volkmar Wentzel Papers, 1947-1994

Photographer:
Wentzel, Volkmar Kurt 1915-2006  Search this
Physical description:
59 items (5 linear ft.) ; 20 x 24 or smaller
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Typescripts
Papers
Place:
Ajanta Caves (India)
Ellora Caves (India)
Khajurāho (India)
Fatehpur Sikri (India)
Lal Qila (Delhi, India)
Date:
1947
1947-1994
1940-1950
Topic:
Indian art  Search this
Cave temples  Search this
Local number:
FSA A1998.02
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_282301

The Washington salon and art photographic exhibition of 1896 [electronic resource] : and the beginning of a national collection

Title:
1896 Washington salon and art photographic exhibition
1896 Photographic salon : wall 1
Author:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Capital Bicycle Club Camera Club  Search this
Type:
Electronic resources
Exhibitions
Electronic information resources
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
2000]
19th century
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Photography--History  Search this
Call number:
TR652
Electronic Resource TR652
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_605349

S.P. Langley (1834-1906) / [P.H.O.]

Title:
Samuel Pierpont Langley
Author:
Oehser, Paul H (Paul Henry) 1904-1996  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Physical description:
p. 2-4 : port. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1956
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Astronomers  Search this
Physicists  Search this
Call number:
TL540.L28 O44 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_528168

The book : past, present, and future : proceedings of a symposium October 17, 1998

Author:
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
103 p. : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
Topic:
Books--History  Search this
Book industries and trade--History  Search this
Publishers and publishing--Technological innovations  Search this
Call number:
Z4 .B66 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_595890

"--that we may all know more of the world--" : the founding of the National Geographic Society and its century-long association with the Cosmos Club / by Ralph Gray

Author:
Gray, Ralph  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subject:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
32 p., [2] leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
C1987
Call number:
G3.N37 G78 1987
G3.N37G78 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_340240

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