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Curatorial Correspondence, 1980-2000

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Department of Public Programs/Curatorial Division  Search this
Subject:
Zilczer, Judith  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (2 document boxes)
Type:
Brochures
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Exhibition catalogs
Manuscripts
Picture postcards
Date:
1980
1980-2000
Topic:
Art museum curators  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 01-154
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2016; Transferring office; 12/14/84 memorandum, Massa to Davis; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence 1938-1956, 1970-2001 [Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Curatorial Department]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_250934

Collection Records, 1980-2000

Creator:
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Curatorial Office  Search this
Subject:
Robertson, Charles (Charles J.)  Search this
Physical description:
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Type:
Clippings
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1980
1980-2000
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Museums--Administration  Search this
Museums--Collection management  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 01-022
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2016; Transferring office; 2/23/1988 memorandum, Shaffer to McManus; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Collection Records 1977-2001 [Smithsonian American Art Museum Office of the Deputy Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_247145

Michele Zackheim papers, 1976-2012, bulk 1980-2000

Creator:
Zackheim, Michele, 1941-  Search this
Subject:
College of Santa Fe  Search this
Topic:
Installations (Art)  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Prints  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Authors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16180
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366895
AAA_collcode_zackmich
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_366895
Additional Online Media:

Curatorial Correspondence

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Dept. of Public Programs/Curatorial Division  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1980-2000
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records documenting curatorial activities in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, including the selection of fellowship candidates and interactions with other museums. Judith Zilczer, Curator of Painting, maintained these records. Materials include correspondence, email printouts, research proposals, fellowship applications and information, curricula vitae, essays illustrated with photocopies of artwork, bibliographies, biographies, postcards, press clippings, notes, photocopies of travel documents, photocopies of shipping receipts, photocopies of catalogues, publications from other museums, lists of exhibitions, applications for collaborative research, and memoranda.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2016; Transferring office; 12/14/84 memorandum, Massa to Davis; Contact reference staff for details.
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-154, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Dept. of Public Programs/Curatorial Division, Curatorial Correspondence
Identifier:
Accession 01-154
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa01-154

NASA 1980-2000 Background (Jul-Aug 1974)

Collection Creator:
Ehricke, Krafft, 1917-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 178, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Arrangement:
[notes, correspondence regarding Outlook for Space]
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Krafft A. Ehricke Papers, Accession 2003-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Krafft Arnold Ehricke Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2003-0025-ref3174

Botany Department, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 14
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 09-267, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa09-267-refidd1e292

Deyrup, Mark, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 16
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 02-181, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa02-181-refidd1e1249

Botany Department, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 09-267, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Botany, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa09-267

Deyrup, Mark, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 02-181, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa02-181

G. L. Prinsloo, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
Systematic Entomology Laboratory  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-021, General Correspondence
See more items in:
General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-021

G. L. Prinsloo, 1980-2000

Collection Creator::
Systematic Entomology Laboratory  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-021, General Correspondence
See more items in:
General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-021-refidd1e1383

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Zackheim, Michele  Search this
Extent:
0.2 linear feet (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1986-2002
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence dates from 1986-2002 and includes communication between Zackheim and museums, galleries, and publishers, relating to the exhibition, purchase, publication, and/or donation of works of art.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Michele Zackheim papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Michele Zackheim papers, 1976-2012, bulk 1980-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.zackmich, Series 1
See more items in:
Michele Zackheim papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-zackmich-ref11

Society for the History of Technology Records, 1959-2012. Part 2 of collection

Author:
Society for the History of Technology  Search this
Fries, Russell I  Search this
Smulyan, Susan  Search this
Williams, James C  Search this
Donor:
Ferguson, Eugene S  Search this
Bedi, Joyce  Search this
Berger, Molly  Search this
Brainerd, Carol P  Search this
Leslie, Stuart William  Search this
Lucsko, David N. 1976-  Search this
Post, Robert C  Search this
Pursell, Carroll  Search this
Rae, Florence U  Search this
Reynolds, Terry S  Search this
Seely, Bruce  Search this
Staudenmaier, John M  Search this
Creator:
Brainerd, John G (John Grist) 1904-1988  Search this
Rae, John  Search this
Creator:
Cowan, Ruth Schwartz 1941-  Search this
Collector:
Roland, Alex  Search this
Schofield, Robert  Search this
Uniform title:
Technology and Culture, journal  Search this
Subject:
National Humanities Alliance  Search this
American Council of Learned Societies  Search this
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Women in Technological History  Search this
Physical description:
353 cu. ft.; 362 boxes
Type:
Business records
Correspondence
Date:
1959
1959-2012
1980-2000
Topic:
Technology  Search this
Local number:
1995.3005 (NMAH Acc.)
1995.3010 (NMAH Acc.)
1995.3057 (NMAH Acc.)
1995.3099 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3015 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3016 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3017 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3018 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3019 (NMAH Acc.)
2001.3051 (NMAH Acc.)
2002.3018 (NMAH Acc.)
2004.3042 (NMAH Acc.)
2005.3093 (NMAH Acc.)
2006.3023 (NMAH Acc,)
2009.3013 (NMAH Acc.)
2010.3001 (NMAH Acc.)
2010.3100 (NMAH Acc.)
2012.3043 (NMAH Acc.)
2012.3097 (NMAH Acc.)
2015.3038 (NMAH Acc.)
2015.3038 (NMAH Acc.)
2017.3137 (NMAH Acc.)
2017.3138 (NMAH Acc.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves
Fees for commercial reproduction
Copyright transferred to Smithsonian Institution in Deed of Gift
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_226814

Visionary: The Odyssey of Sir Arthur C. Clarke Collection [McAleer] 1980-2000

Creator:
McAleer, Neil 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Clarke, Arthur C (Arthur Charles) 1917-2008  Search this
Physical description:
12 cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Audiotapes
Collection descriptions
Video recordings
Correspondence
Electronic records
Photographs
Date:
1980
1980-2000
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Authors, English -- 20th century -- Biography  Search this
Local number:
2017-0003
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Visionary: The Odyssey of Sir Arthur C. Clarke Collection [McAleer]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385441

Correspondence, 1977-2014

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Curatorial Office  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Department of Prints and Drawings  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Department of Graphic Arts  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Curatorial Office  Search this
Physical description:
9 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Electronic mail
Date:
1977
1977-2014
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00359
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Correspondence 1977-2014 [Smithsonian American Art Museum Curatorial Office]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219812

Wollard, Robert

Collection Creator:
Smith, Hassel, 1915-2007  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-2000
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Hassel Smith papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Hassel Smith papers, circa 1900-2004, bulk 1930-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hassel Smith papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-smithass-ref488

Michele Zackheim papers

Creator:
Zackheim, Michele  Search this
Names:
College of Santa Fe -- Faculty  Search this
Extent:
2.3 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1976-2012
bulk 1980-2000
Summary:
The papers of artist Michele Zackheim measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1976 to 2012, bulk 1980-2000. The collection documents her career in the visual arts through correspondence, interviews, writings, project files, teaching files, printed material, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of artist Michele Zackheim measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1976 to 2012, bulk 1980-2000. The collection documents her career in the visual arts through correspondence, interviews, writings, project files, teaching files, printed material, and photographic material.

Correspondence includes communication with museums, galleries, and publishers relating to Zackheim's projects. The interview is a radio broadcast on one sound cassette. Writings include an illustrated botany manuscript and learning portfolios. Project files relate to Zackheim's major works including Tent of Meeting and The Café Series, and are comprised of notes, correspondence, photographic material, video recordings, and a sound recording. Teaching files include notes, slides, and articles that Zackheim used for courses she taught at the College of Santa Fe. Printed material includes exhibition cards and announcements, clippings, journals, and a poster. Photographic material includes artwork, installation process, and portraits of the artist.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series

Series 1: Correspondence, 1986-2002 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Interviews, circa 1980s (0.1 linear foot; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1990-1991 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 4: Project Files, 1983-2012 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 5: Teaching Files, circa 1990-1991 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1977-1998 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2-3)

Series 7: Photographic Material, 1976-circa 2000 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Michele Zackheim (1941- ) is a writer and former visual artist in New York City working throughout the 1970s-1990s as a fresco muralist, installation artist, print-maker, and painter.

Zackheim was born in Reno, Nevada and grew up in Compton, California. She began working as an artist in the 1970s in New York City, where she was active in the early feminist art movement. In the 1980s, Zackheim moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where she taught at the College of Santa Fe and continued to make art. Notable projects include Inherited Dreams, Tent of Meeting, and The Café Series. Tent of Meeting was a large-scale installation using fabric that she printed with images from religious history and proposed the possibility of peaceful coexistence among people of various backgrounds.

In the mid-1990s, Zackheim became a writer of biographical fiction. She currently teaches Creative Writing from a Visual Perspective at the School of Visual Arts in New York City.
Provenance:
Michele Zackheim donated her papers to the Archives in 2014.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Michele Zackheim papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Installations (Art)  Search this
Women artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Prints -- Technique  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Michele Zackheim papers, 1976-2012, bulk 1980-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.zackmich
See more items in:
Michele Zackheim papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-zackmich

Records of Wedge Innovations

Interviewer:
Shayt, David H.  Search this
Creator:
Wedge Innovations  Search this
Extent:
13 cubic feet (28 boxes, 5 oversized folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1985-1996
Summary:
The records of Wedge Innovations document the invention and development of a new hand tool, the SmartLevel, an electronic builder's level; also included are company management and policies.
Scope and Contents:
The SmartLevel story gives excellent insight into the life cycle of a small Silicon valley start-up in the 1980s. SmartLevel's creator, Wedge Innovations, established a market for a new product, achieved national distribution, off-shore manufacturing, and product licensing, before going out of business due to pressure from profit-hungry venture capitalists.

The records of Wedge Innovations is a "tool biography" that documents the invention and development of a new hand tool, the SmartLevel, an electronic builder's level first conceived in 1985 by Andrew Butler. The SmartLevel Collection is divided into seven series: Corporate Records, Engineering Records, Financial Records, Marketing Records, Operations Records, Product Development Records, and Corporate Culture, reflecting both the organizational structure of Wedge Innovations and the company's working environment.

Series 1, Corporate Records, 1985-1993, address the overall management of Wedge Innovations and document its policies, especially through the company's annual business plans, 1986-1992, and the monthly reports prepared for the Board of Directors' meetings, 1989-1992. This series also details the workings of each department through weekly departmental reports. The staff meetings files, July-November 1989, February 1990-November 1992, are particularly useful for understanding the day-to-day operation of the company.

Series 2, Engineering Records, 1985-1993, document the design and development of the SmartLevel from its conception in 1985 as the WedgeLevel, through its production as the SmartLevel in 1989, and through its refinement into the Pro SmartLevel and the Series 200 SmartLevel in 1991. The design process is particularly well documented through Andrew Butler's and Kevin Reeder's design notebooks and through the detailed technical drawings done by Butler, Reeder, and Ronald Wisnia. Also well documented are the efforts made to solve the many problems associated with the development and quality control of the electronic sensor module that was the heart of the SmartLevel.

Series 3, Financial Records, 1985-1992, include Wedge's summary financial statements from 1985 to 1992.

Series 4, Marketing Records, 1986-1992, document customer and dealer relations through marketing department correspondence, operational records, and advertising campaigns. This series is particularly rich in promotional material (1988-1992), such as advertisements, advertising copy, photographs, product promotion plans, and videotapes that demonstrate the varied features and uses of the products.

Series 5, Operations Records, 1990-1993, document the manufacturing process and the Company's offshore operations.

Series 6, Product Development Records, 1986-1993, document the company's intended development of an entire "Smart Tools" line.

Series 7, Corporate Culture, 1985-1996, contains employee photographs and oral history interviews with key Wedge personnel conducted in 1995 and 1996 by David Shayt, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History. The interviews discuss the background of the participants, the company's origins and history, product development, the Silicon Valley context, and the efforts of Wedge Innovations successor firm, SmartTool Technologies.
Arrangement:
The collection organized into seven series.

Series 1, Corporate Records, 1985-1993

Series 2, Engineering Records, 1985-1993

Series 3, Financial Records, 1985-1992

Series 4, Marketing Records, 1986-1992

Series 5, Operations Records, 1990-1993

Series 6, Product Development Records, 1986-1993

Series 7, Corporate Culture, 1985-1996
Biographical / Historical:
Andrew G. Butler (b. 1955), the founder of Wedge Innovations exhibited an interest in building construction and an entrepreneurial spirit early in life. From age 12 to 17 he built a boat that he then sailed alone from California to Tahiti, where he spent several years as an independent carpenter and building contractor. After returning to the United States, he earned a B.S. degree in electromechanical engineering from Stanford University (1983) and became a software specialist for Bechtel Construction. In 1985, he conceived of an idea for an electronic carpenter's level that could read a range of angles. Butler formed Wedge Innovations in 1986. He worked in the basement of his home in order to develop and market this level, selling his boat to finance the venture. He hired Marilyn Crowell as his secretary and Robert Nagle and Dan Kellogg as engineers. This company developed the sensor technology and software necessary to build the company's first product, the WedgeLevel. The heart of this tool was an electronic sensor circuit connected to a microprocessor capable of measuring the tool's orientation. This sensor module fit into an ergonomically-designed teak rail with anodized aluminum edges jointly developed by Butler, engineering design consultant Kevin Reeder, and engineer Ronald Wisnia.

In 1987, Wedge moved to Santa Clara to begin manufacturing the WedgeLevel. The transition from a research and development concern to a manufacturing company proved difficult, due to manufacturing and financial difficulties. It was difficult to obtain a reliable yet inexpensive source of teak for the rails, designs for a plastic composite and aluminum rail were developed, while offshore manufacturing of the sensor components was established. Overarching all concerns was the persistent difficulty of obtaining sufficient investment capital. While managing his growing company, Butler also began planning for a line of hand tools that combined microelectronics and user-oriented, ergonomic design. In 1988, the company changed the name of its product to SmartLevel in order to emphasize the company's proposed line of Smart Tools. That same year, the company adopted a new corporate logo, a stylized W with a red wedge, signaling its growing maturity. Promotion of the product also began through demonstrations of the prototype done by consultant building contractor, Rick Feffer.

In January 1989, the SmartLevel prototype was launched at the National Association of Home Builders Show in Atlanta, Georgia. The favorable publicity generated by this launch and by the company's media campaign generated many orders. To supply these orders, Wedge moved to larger quarters in Sunnyvale on April 1, 1989. In June 1989, Wedge gained further publicity by donating several SmartLevels to a Habitat for Humanity project in Milwaukee, where former president Jimmy Carter used one. Although Wedge expected to ship the first SmartLevels in July 1989, there were considerable delays in manufacturing. In particular, there were stability and performance problems with the sensor, which engineer Ken Gunderson was brought in to remedy. The sensor module was re-engineered to be more rugged and the level was redesigned with a plastic composite and aluminum rail. The new level, known as the Pro SmartLevel, was intended for the professional construction market. The first SmartLevels were shipped on September 5, 1989.

In 1990, patents were granted to Andrew Butler, Donald G. Green, and Robert E. Nagle for an inclinometer sensor circuit and to Butler and Ronald Wisnia for a carpenter's level design. That same year, Brian Bayley joined Wedge as Vice-president for Engineering, and Edwin "Win" Seipp joined as Project Manager - DIY SmartLevel. Seipp's responsibility was to develop a low-cost, "do-it-yourself" version of the SmartLevel, which was eventually called the Series 200 SmartLevel. This level had an all-aluminum rail and a non-removable sensor.

In September 1990, the company moved to San Jose and by 1991 had over 60 employees. Although sales continued to grow and name recognition of the product was quite strong, Wedge had difficulty meeting the expectations of its investors. Butler entered into financial negotiations with the Macklanburg-Duncan Corporation, a large-scale manufacturer of hand tools, to seek investment in his company. These negotiations led in November 1992 to the acquisition of Wedge by Macklanburg-Duncan, which dissolved all but Wedge's engineering section. Macklanburg-Duncan today manufactures a "SmartTool" level, while Butler co-owns D2M (Design To Market), a company that develops new product ideas for the market.

SmartLevel Chronology

1992 -- Butler negotiates with Macklanburg-Duncan for a merger to save Wedge. In the midst of the negotiations, Butler is fired by his Board of Directors. Butler regains control of Wedge three months later, fires the replacement president, and sells Wedge outright to Macklanburg-Duncan, which dissolves all but the engineering functions of Wedge.

1991 -- Wedge sponsors a "New Product Development Conference," where numerous designs for new hand tools are worked on. SmartLevel sales and name recognition grows but not quickly enough to meet overhead expenses of new facility or investors' demands.

1990 -- Yet more redesign work, both in-house and with Kevin Reeder, who also develops idea for "SmartTube" carrying case (not built). Patents granted to Andy Butler et al. for inclinometer sensor circuit and carpenter's level design. Wedge hires Brian Bayley as vice-president for engineering to develop a low-cost model of the SmartLevel. The all-aluminum Series 200 SmartLevel is born. Wedge moves to larger facilities in San Jose.

1989 -- SmartLevel launched at National Association of Home Builders show in January. Good press coverage, but cannot meet orders. More publicity from Habitat for Humanity project when former President Jimmy Carter uses a SmartLevel. But stability and performance problems plague sensor. More redesign work results in more rugged Pro SmartLevel. The first SmartLevels shipped on September 5, 1989.

1987-1988 -- Wedge moves to Santa Clara; intends to begin manufacturing and todevelop an entire line of "Smart Tools" but encounters financial and engineering difficulties; Wedge consults with independent design engineer, Kevin Reeder, on level design. Intensive redesign effort develops the SmartLevel, made of plastic and aluminum rail.

1986 -- Wedge Innovations founded in the basement of Butler's house; basic sensor design worked out; teak & aluminum WedgeLevel developed.

1985 -- Idea for electronic carpenter's level formulated by Andy Butler.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History contains artifacts related to the SmartLevel Collection. These include five SmartLevels (Accession #1991.0823; 1996.0284; 1996.0285; 1996.0288; and 1996.0289). They are an original teak WedgeLevel, a Pro SmartLevel, a Series 200 SmartLevel, a Bosch version of the SmartLevel, and a Macklanburg-Duncan SmartTool level. There are also four sensor modules (torpedo levels), two sensors, two carrying cases, one cap, one tee shirt, and one wooden puzzle with the inscription "The World Isn't Just Level and Plumb."
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Andrew Butler, SmartLevel inventor and company founder, Brian Bayley, Vice-President for engineering at Wedge Innovations from 1989-1992, and Kevin Reeder, an independent industrial designer, 1995-1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Product demonstrations -- 1980-2000  Search this
Technological innovations -- Hand tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Electronics -- Tools and implements -- 1980-2000  Search this
Industrial design -- 1980-2000  Search this
Leveling -- 1980-2000  Search this
Teak -- Use of -- 1980-2000  Search this
Level indicators -- 1980-2000  Search this
Venture capital -- 1980-2000 -- United States  Search this
Silicon Valley -- 1980-2000  Search this
Tools -- 1980-2000 -- United States  Search this
Small business -- Management -- 1980-2000  Search this
Investors -- 1980-2000  Search this
Inventors -- 1980-2000  Search this
Engineers -- 1980-2000  Search this
Industrial designers -- 1980-2000  Search this
advertising -- Tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Carpenters -- 1980-2000  Search this
Carpentry -- Tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Merchandise displays  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Notebooks -- 1980-2000
Oral histories (document genres) -- 1990-2000
Audiotapes
Financial records -- 1980-2000
Financial statements -- 1980-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Correspondence -- 1970-2000
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1980-2000
Drawings -- 1980-2000
Advertisements -- 1980-2000
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
The Records of Wedge Innovations, 1985-1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0534
See more items in:
Records of Wedge Innovations
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0534
Additional Online Media:

Chronological Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Munro, Eleanor, 1928-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Eleanor Munro papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Eleanor Munro papers, circa 1880-2011, bulk 1950-2011. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Eleanor Munro papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-munrelea-ref1054

Honolulu Academy of Arts

Collection Creator:
Yoshida, Ray  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 42
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-2000
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copy requires advance notice. One box of letters from Jim Nutt are ACCESS RESTRICTED; use requires written permission.
Collection Rights:
The Ray Yoshida papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Ray Yoshida papers, circa 1895-2010, bulk 1950-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ray Yoshida papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-yoshray-ref194

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