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Robert Chapman Turner papers

Creator:
Turner, Robert Chapman, 1913-2005  Search this
Names:
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts  Search this
York State Craftsmen  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1917-2005
Summary:
The papers of ceramicist Robert Chapman Turner measure 13.3 linear feet and date from circa 1917 to 2005. The papers document Turner's career as an educator and studio potter through biographical material, correspondence, writings, teaching files, professional files including lectures, subject files, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of ceramicist Robert Chapman Turner measure 13.3 linear feet and date from circa 1917 to 2005. The papers document Turner's career as an educator and studio potter through biographical material, correspondence, writings, teaching files, professional files including lectures, subject files, printed material, and photographs.

The bulk of Turner's papers relate to his role as an educator and a lecturer at various institutions including Alfred University, Anderson Ranch Arts Center, Black Mountain College, Haystack Mountain School of Crafts, and Penland School of Crafts. Records, including two sound cassettes, regarding his time at these institutions may be found among his teaching and professional files as well as among photographs. Turner's professional files document his long affiliations with professional organizations such as the York State Craftsmen, National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts, and the International Academy of Ceramics. Correspondence is with artists, family, and friends. Notable correspondents include Margaret Carney, Kenneth Ferguson, Alice Parrott, Toshiko Takaezu, and Frans Wildenhain among many others and may be found in both the correspondence series and professional files. Photographs of note are by John Wood and depict the building of the pottery studio at Black Mountain College.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1930-2002 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 1, 14)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1938-2005 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1950s-2000s (0.6 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Teaching Files, 1957-2005 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 5: Professional Files, 1952-2005 (5.5 linear feet; Boxes 4-9)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1950s-2000 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 9-10)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1939-2000s (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 10-12, 14)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1917-2000s (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 12-14)
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Chapman Turner (1913-2006) was a ceramicist who was known for functional and abstract pottery. He was active in Alfred Station, New York where he was a longtime faculty member at Alfred University.

Robert Turner was born in Port Washington, New York in 1913. He attended Swarthmore College and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts where he studied economics and painting. With his wife Sue Turner, Robert lived in Europe to study Old Master paintings but returned to the United States after the start of World War II. A Quaker, Turner was a conscientious objector and served at multiple Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps in the United States during the war.

After leaving the CPS camps, Robert Turner enrolled at the New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University to study ceramics and graduated in 1949. Turner was a faculty member at Black Mountain College (1949-1951) and Alfred University (1958-1979). He conducted numerous ceramics workshops throughout his career at many institutions including Haystack Mountain School of Crafts and Penland School of Crafts. Additionally, he was an active member of the (New) York State Craftsman.

Turner died in 2005 in Sandy Spring, Maryland.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview of Robert Turner conducted 2001 June 11, by Margaret Carney, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America,
Provenance:
Robert Chapman Turner donated some of his papers in 1982. Additional materials were donated in 2005-2006 by Rosalind Turner Zuses, Turner's daughter.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permissions to access, use, reproduce, and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- Alfred Station  Search this
Topic:
American studio craft movement  Search this
Ceramics -- Study and teaching  Search this
Conscientious objectors -- World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Robert Chapman Turner papers, circa 1917-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.turnrobe
See more items in:
Robert Chapman Turner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-turnrobe

Vernon Torrence Collection

Creator:
Donnald, Morrill  Search this
Torrence, Vernon Keith, 1921-1946  Search this
Kansas Wesleyan University  Search this
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Programs
Pamphlets
Travelers' checks
Photographs
School yearbooks
Diplomas
Contracts
Commemoratives
Memorial service booklets
Diaries
Correspondence
Date:
1940-1942
Summary:
Photographs, a Kansas Wesleyan University yearbook (with personal messages and inscriptions), diplomas, correspondence regarding Torrence's disappearance, newspaper clippings, his memorial service booklet or program, and a diary which he kept during a week-long adventure as a "hobo" in Kansas.
Scope and Contents:
This small collection is comprised of several types of material including Vernon's high school and college diplomas, college yearbook with handwritten notes from classmates, photographs, correspondence, newspaper clippings about the discovery of his remains, and his memorial service booklet. Of special interest is a 1940 pocket diary containing Vernon's account of a week long adventure as a "hobo" in rural Kansas when he and a friend hopped freight trains, slept in boxcars and a hay stack, washed up in a "jungle," and met other men traveling the rails. In 2000 an attempt was made by the author of this finding aid to obtain additional information about Vernon from the FBI under the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts (FOIA). The material obtained focused on the finding of his body and the process of identifying his remains; little information about his days as a conscientious objector was provided. The FOIA material is in this collection's control file.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Vernon Keith Torrence was born in McCune, Kansas, on November 18, 1921. After graduating from high school in Solomon, Kansas, Vernon entered Kansas Wesleyan University from which he graduated with honors in history in 1942. During his senior year he was the editor of the University's 1942 yearbook, the "Coyote." His pacifist beliefs were in place at least by his senior year as evidenced by the comments fellow students wrote in Vernon's copy of the yearbook. Vernon's father was a Methodist minister who also held anti war sentiments.

In September 1942 Vernon was drafted and joined the Civilian Public Service as a conscientious objector. His alternative service took him to Buck Creek, North Carolina, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, and Markleeville, California, under the auspices of the National Park and Forestry Service. In December 1943 he began work with the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, serving in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. In March 1945 he walked out of Conscientious Objector's Camp # 98 in Arizona; two months later he was picked up, arraigned, and released on bond by the U.S. District Court. That fall Vernon received a notice of dismissal of his court case, and he took this to mean that his alternative service was now complete and began working for a construction company in Los Angeles. The government felt otherwise and declared him absent without leave.

In the summer of 1946 Vernon put his savings into American Express Travelers Checks and began hitchhiking to Kansas to visit his family. He never arrived. On August 27, 1956 a ranger found his body in rugged terrain in Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park, California, where Vernon had apparently fallen while hiking alone. The FBI, which had continued to search for Vernon until 1951, identified the body from the travelers checks. Vernon was buried in Minneapolis, Kansas, on October 13, 1956.
Provenance:
The material in this collection was maintained by Vernon's parents, Ira and Madge Torrence, and his younger sister, Lois Torrence, a fellow student at Kansas Wesleyan University who was devoted to her older brother. Upon their deaths the material was obtained by the remaining sister, Margaret Torrence Donnald, whose husband, Morrill Donnald, donated the material to the Archives Center, NMAH, in January 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Conscientious objectors -- World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Tramps -- 1940-1990  Search this
Public service employment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs -- Memorial services
Pamphlets
Travelers' checks
Photographs -- 1900-1950
School yearbooks
Diplomas
Contracts
Commemoratives
Memorial service booklets
Diaries -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Vernon Torrence Collection, 1930-1957, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0717
See more items in:
Vernon Torrence Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0717
Additional Online Media:

[World War II conscientious objectors in front of their tents near Markleeville, California, July 1943 : black and white photoprint]

Collector:
Torrence, Vernon Keith, 1921-1946  Search this
Collection Creator:
Donnald, Morrill  Search this
Torrence, Vernon Keith, 1921-1946  Search this
Kansas Wesleyan University  Search this
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4.3" x 2.5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1943
Scope and Contents:
Vernon Torrence is second from left; photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
01071701.tif (AC Scan)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 4.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors  Search this
Conscientious objectors -- World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Vernon Torrence Collection, 1930-1957, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Vernon Torrence Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0717-ref520

Our Germans : Project Paperclip and the national security state / Brian E. Crim

Title:
Project Paperclip and the national security state
Author:
Crim, Brian E.  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 245 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Germany
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
National security--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Technology  Search this
Brain drain--History  Search this
Scientists--Recruiting--History  Search this
Nazis--History  Search this
War criminals--History  Search this
Intelligence service--History  Search this
Military research--History  Search this
German Americans--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089065

Smokejumpers of the Civilian Public Service in World War II : conscientious objectors as firefighters for the National Forest Service / Robert C. Cottrell

Author:
Cottrell, Robert C. 1950-  Search this
Subject:
Civilian Public Service History  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 223 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
West (U.S.)
United States
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Smokejumpers  Search this
Smokejumping--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_789378

Free to die for their country : the story of the Japanese American draft resisters in World War II / Eric L. Muller ; with a foreword by Daniel K. Inouye

Author:
Muller, Eric L  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 229 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors  Search this
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_692752

The CPS story : an illustrated history of civilian public service / Albert N. Keim

Author:
Keim, Albert N  Search this
Subject:
Civilian Public Service  Search this
Physical description:
128 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1990
C1990
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors  Search this
Historic peace churches--History  Search this
Conscientious objectors--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_520197

Refusing war, affirming peace : a history of Civilian Public Service Camp #21 at Cascade Locks / Jeffrey Kovac ; foreword by Paul S. Boyer

Author:
Kovac, Jeffrey  Search this
Subject:
Civilian Public Service Camp #21 (Cascade Locks, Or.)  Search this
Church of the Brethren History  Search this
Physical description:
192 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oregon
Cascade Locks
Cascade Locks (Or.)
Date:
2009
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors  Search this
Conscientious objectors--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
History  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_967739

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