Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
47 documents - page 1 of 3

MS 2011-26 Tour of Eskimo collections on exhibit at National Museum of Natural History

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (analog)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound cassettes
Sound recordings
Date:
1975 September
Scope and Contents:
Recording of Henry B. Collins, at the time archaeologist emeritus at the Smithsonian Institution, leading a tour of the Eskimo collections on exhibit at the National Museum of Natural History in September, 1975.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2011-36
Other Archival Materials:
See also Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 2011-36, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS2011-36
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2011-36

MS 7452 Dr. Henry Collins Memorial Service

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (tape cassette )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Date:
November 5, 1987
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7452
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7452, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7452
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7452

MS 7450 Talks on the history of Smithsonian anthropology

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthroplogy  Search this
Extent:
2 cassette tapes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cassette tapes
Sound recordings
Date:
March 25-26, 1985
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7450
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7450, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7450
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7450

MS 7212 Documents concerning donations from Mary E. Maxwell

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Maxwell, Mary E.  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1929-1943
Scope and Contents:
Includes letters, lists, memoranda, and notes written by Herbert William Krieger, Mary E. Maxwell, Alexander Wetmore, Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Miss Maxwell's collection includes mainly jewelry and medals and musical instruments as well as a miscellany of other items.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7212
Topic:
Medals  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7212, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7212
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7212

Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat  Search this
Tutchone Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tanana Indians  Search this
Kawchottine Indians  Search this
Ahtna Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Athapaskan -- Northern  Search this
Chugach Eskimos -- Archaeology  Search this
Eskimos -- Greenland  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak Indians  Search this
Hare Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ingalik Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Additional Online Media:

MS 7399 Material relating to a dinner to honor Henry B. Collins

Creator:
Elmore, Nigel  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
15 Items (1.5 inches)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Seating charts
Notebooks
Lists
Letters
Date:
1980
Biographical / Historical:
The material was accumulated by Nigel Elmore who served as a planner for the party. William Fitzhugh was largely responsible for the idea of a dinner to honor Collins and for carrying it out.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7399
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Seating charts
Notebooks
Lists
Letters
Citation:
Manuscript 7399, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7399
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7399

MS 7525 Material concerning Henry Bascom Collins

Creator:
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Laughlin, William S.  Search this
Correspondent:
Chambers, Moreau Browne Congleton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Haag, William George  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Photographer:
McCracken, Sabra K.  Search this
Ackerman, Robert E.  Search this
Depicted:
Challinor, David  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fiske, Richard  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Herzfeld, Regina Flannery  Search this
Lantis, Margaret, 1906-2006  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Ubelaker, Douglas H.  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Williams, Stephen  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (ca. inch ca. 2 inch)
90 Photographs
2 Volumes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Volumes
Date:
1980;1987
Scope and Contents:
The material relates to two events: a dinner in honor of Collins, December 5, 1980, and a memorial service, November 5, 1987. Included are announcements, a guest book for the memorial, xerox copies of photographs of and writings by Collins, messages from many prominent anthropologists and archeologists, and an album of photographs and other memorabilia presented to Collins at the dinner in 1980. Particularly lengthy messages are from Moreau Browne Congleton Chambers, Frederica de Laguna, William G. Haag, Clifford Evans and Betty Jane Meggers, James Bennett Griffin, Stephen Williams, Helge Larsen, James B. Griffin, and William S. Laughlin. The photographs show Henry Bascom Collins (some by Sabra K. McCracken), Douglas H. Ubelaker, James B. Griffin, David Challinor, Richard Fiske, Regina Flannery Herzfeld, Waldo R. Wedel, John C. Ewers, Clifford Evans, Stephen Williams, Margaret Lantis, William W. Fitzhugh, Helge Larsen. Also included are photographs of St. Lawrence Island, 1959 taken by Robert E. Ackerman.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7525
Topic:
Alaska -- St. Lawrence Island -- 1959  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7525, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7525
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7525

MS 7324 Draft of a resource guide to the published and unpublished materials on Edward William Nelson, collector and associate for the Smithsonian Institution, 1877-1899

Creator:
Riggs, Anna E.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Names:
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Extent:
4 Inches
2 Notebooks
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Notebooks
Articles
Notes
Photographs
Date:
1979
Scope and Contents:
Includes a chronology of Nelson's life, copies of and excerpts from documents concerning Nelson's activities, notes, biographical sketches by Riggs and Henry Bascom Collins, and photographs of Nelson.
Biographical / Historical:
The packet was compiled while Ms. Riggs was a intern with the Department of Anthropology working with the information specialist.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7324
Topic:
Anthropology -- Collections  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Notes
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 7324, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7324
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7324

MS 7262 Interview with Henry Bascom Collins, Jr.

Creator:
Riggs, Anna E.  Search this
Informant:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Names:
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Extent:
31 Pages
16 Pages
1 Item (tape )
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Oral histories (document genres)
Sound recordings
Date:
August 2, 1978
Scope and Contents:
Includes the original tape, a rough (literal) transcript, and a polished transcript. The purpose of the interview was to record information and opinions about the naturalist Edward William Nelson. The interview also involved Collins's own career, particularly his interest in the Eskimos.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7262
Local Note:
Typescript
Xerox copy of typescript
One seven-inch reel-to-reel tape
Genre/Form:
Oral histories (document genres)
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7262, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7262
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7262

MS 4977 Mississippi Choctaw Anthropometric Notes and Calculations

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (adding machine tape)
29 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw -- Mississippi Choctaw -- anthropometry  Search this
Dakota -- anthropometry  Search this
Chippewa -- anthropometry  Search this
Shoshoni -- anthropometry  Search this
Apache -- anthropometry  Search this
Choctaw -- Mississippi Choctaw -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Volumes
Pages
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Contents: (F.1) Field notebook containing 73 names with short descriptions, also notes on general health of Choctaw, sanitary conditions, etc. (F.2) Anthropometric tables giving names, ages, and measurements for 73 individuals. Autograph document. 8 pages. (F.3) Tables comparing Choctaw indices with Sioux, Ojibwa, Shoshone and Apache. Autograph document. 2 pages. (F.4) Manuscript for AJPA entitled, "Additional anthropometric observations on the Choctaw." Typescript document. 2 pages. (F.5) Adding machine tapes. (F.6) Henry B. Collins, 1928, "Additional anthropometric observations on the Choctaw," AJPA, volume 11, number 2 (reprint).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4977
Local Note:
Typescript autograph document
Other Title:
Additional anthropometric observations on the Choctaw
Topic:
Physical anthropology -- Choctaw  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4977, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4977
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4977

MS 4976 Mississippi Choctaw anthropometric notes and calculations

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
86 Pages
1 Item (adding machine tapes 1 folder)
Culture:
Choctaw -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1925
Scope and Contents:
Contents: (f.1) List of 58 names of subjects of study with 13 different measurements cited for each. Autograph document. 1 page. (f.2) Table of anthropometric measurements on 58 individuals. Manuscript document. 7 pages. (f.3) Comparative indices of group of 18 Choctaw women and 40 men. Typescript document. 2 pages. (f.4) Standard deviation calculations on Choctaw. Autograph document. 78 pages, 5 index cards, 8 slips. Calculations are separated into three groups of papers: Males, females and both sexes. These calculations and results remain unpublished. (f.5) Adding machine tapes. (f.6) Henry B. Collins, Jr., "Anthropometric Observations on the Choctaw," AJPA, October-December., 1925 (reprint).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4976
Local Note:
Typescript autograph document
Other Title:
Anthropometric Observations on the Choctaw
Other relationship:
Collins, Henry Bascom, 1899-1987 Photographs of Mississippi Choctaw people 1925 AAJ4764NA (GEAC)00109232
Topic:
Physical anthropology -- Choctaw  Search this
Names, Personal -- Choctaw  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4976, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4976
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4976

MS 4908 Measurements of approximately 100 living Eskimos of Western Alaska, including Nunivak Island: summary tables

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
Summer, 1927
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4908
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
Physical anthropology -- Eskimo  Search this
Alaska  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4908, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4908
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4908

MS 4116 Miscellaneous Southeastern material

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Consists of correspondence, prints showing mounds, bowls, an implement resembling a tomahawk, copies of various papers by Dr. Collins, Mr. Judd, Dr. Wissler, etc., etc.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4116
Citation:
Manuscript 4116, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4116
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4116

Copies of portraits of Smithsonian anthropologists

Depicted:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Allen, R. A.  Search this
Allen, Richard A.  Search this
Andrews, Andreas Joseph, d. 1992  Search this
Anglim, John E.  Search this
Blaker, Margaret Contant  Search this
Bray, William H.  Search this
Casanowicz, Immanuel M.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Egberts, William H.  Search this
Elder, Robert A.  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Gibson, Gordon D. (Gordon Davis), 1915-2007  Search this
Hawley, Edwin H.  Search this
Hendley, H. W.  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Jenkins, Richard C.  Search this
Jenkins, Robert C.  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Lewis, G. Robert  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Maynard, G. C.  Search this
McBryde, George  Search this
McCoy, George D.  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Paine, Richard G.  Search this
Pelham, Willie Mae  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Semple, Caroline I.  Search this
Setzler, Frank M. (Frank Maryl), 1902-1975  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Sweeney, Thomas W.  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Van Beek, Gus W. (Gus Willard), 1922-  Search this
Watkins, C. Malcolm  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Whitmore, Jeraldine M.  Search this
Names:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
1 copy negative
9 copy prints
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy negatives
Copy prints
Date:
1898-1962
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of copy prints depicting Smithsonian anthropologists, including group portraits of the staff of the United States National Museum Department of Anthropology and mounted individual portraits of department heads in 1904, 1931, 1952, 1959, and 1962. The photographs were possibly made as part of a 1969 event, "The Anthropology of Anthropology, or Everything You Wanted to Know About the Anthropology Department but Didn't Know What to Ask." The announcement for this event is available with the collection.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 39
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by the Smithsonian Institution, 1969.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for some images are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Records of the Department of Anthropology.
Additional photographs of Department of Anthropology staff can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 136, Photo Lot 76-127, Photo Lot 77-52, Photo Lot 77-80, Photo Lot 79-51, Photo Lot 80-17, Photo Lot 83-15, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo lot 39, Copies of portraits of Smithsonian anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-39

Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- History  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of Natural History. Department of Anthropology -- History  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Extent:
3 sound tape reels (analog, 7 1/2 ips, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound tape reels
Sound recordings
Date:
January 11, 1978
Scope and Contents:
A talk at one of the regular colloquia of the Department of Anthropology. Recollections include references to Henry B. Collins, Walter Hough, Ales Hrdlicka, and others.Two original reels, #1 and #2, and one reel use copy.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7121
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7121, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7121
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7121

Portrait of staff of Department of Anthropology and Bureau of American Ethnology

Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Depicted:
Blaker, Margaret Contant  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Huscher, Harold A., 1908-1992  Search this
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Miller, Carl F. (Carl Frederick), 1906-1994  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Extent:
3 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1965
Scope and Contents note:
Group portraits of members of the Department of Anthropology and the Bureau of American Ethnology at the time of their merger in 1965. The photographs were made on the steps of the Natural History Museum building.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Bureau of American Ethnology was disbanded on July 29, 1964 and its members were merged into the Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum, to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 136
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Bureau of American Ethnology records and the Department of Anthropology records.
Additional photographs of Department of Anthropology staff can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 39, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 76-127, Photo Lot 77-52, Photo Lot 77-80, Photo Lot 79-51, Photo Lot 80-17, Photo Lot 83-15, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 136, Portrait of staff of Department of Anthropology and Bureau of American Ethnology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.136
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-136

Thomas Dale Stewart Papers

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
McKern, T. W.  Search this
Extent:
65 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Alaska
Shanidar Cave (Iraq)
Virginia
Maryland
Delaware
Mexico
Peru
Guatemala
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology
Date:
1875-1991, bulk 1931-1991
bulk 1927-1991
Summary:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a physical and forensic anthropologist and worked at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1931 until his death in 1997. He worked under Ales Hrdlicka until 1943, became the head curator in 1960, director of the museum in 1962, and retired in 1971. Stewart's research interests included physical and forensic anthropology and archaeology, mostly in North and South America. He also worked with the F.B.I. frequently to aid in homicide investigations, and worked extensively with the U.S. Army to identify skeletal remains from the Korean War in Operation Glory. The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers primarily deal with his life and career at the Smithsonian, particularly his research projects and publications between 1931 and 1991. Materials consist mainly of correspondence, photographic material, dossiers based on writings and research projects, and administrative files.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers document his research and professional activities from 1931 to 1991 and primarily deal with his anthropological and archaeological research in North and South America. There is also significant material related to ancient human skeletal remains found in Egypt and the Middle East, Stewart's work identifying skeletal remains for the U.S. Army (Operation Glory), and the history of physical and forensic anthropology. Material documenting Stewart's work with Ales Hrdlicka and other colleagues are also represented in this collection. The collection consists of correspondence, writings and research files, project data, skeletal data punch cards, photographic and illustration materials, and administrative and financial papers.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged in 9 series: Series 1. Biographical and Background, 1937-1983; Series 2. Correspondence, 1931-1990; Series 3. Writings and Research, 1875, 1902-1990; Series 4. Operation Glory, 1954-1957; Series 5. Professional Organizations, 1930-1990; Series 6. Trip Files, 1945-1985; Series 7. Teaching and Lectures, 1950-1970; Series 8. Exhibit Material, 1961-1969; Series 9. Photographs, 1928-1979.
Biographical/Historical note:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a curator of physical anthropology at the Smithsonian specializing in anthropometry, early man, and forensic anthropology. He worked in the Department of Anthropology for over seventy years. Born in Delta, Pennsylvania in 1901, Stewart moved to Washington, D.C. to pursue a degree at George Washington University. While attending school, he also began working at the Smithsonian in 1924 as a temporary substitute for John Baer, a family friend from Delta. After Baer died during conducting research in Panama, Stewart was invited to stay on as assistant to Ales Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthropology. Hrdlicka was impressed by Stewart's abilities and quickly took him on as a student. Promised that he would succeed Hrdlicka one day if he obtained an M.D., Stewart enrolled at The Johns Hopkins University and graduated in 1931. After graduating, Stewart was rehired by the Smithsonian as an assistant curator.

Stewart rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology quickly, being promoted to associate curator in 1939 and curator in 1943 after the death of his mentor Hrdlicka. Stewart was appointed head curator of the department in 1960 and director of the Natural History Museum in 1962. He continued to work at the Smithsonian well after he retired in 1971, conducting research and producing a stream of publications well into his 90s. He died in 1997 at the age of 96. Many of Stewart's early research interests matched those of his mentor: a focus on dental caries, separate neural arch and spondylolisthesis, ossuary excavation, cranial deformations, and other examinations of archaeological remains throughout North America. While Hrdlicka was alive, Stewart provided support for many of his research projects and publications. After Hrdlicka died, Stewart expanded his interests to include forensic topics and analysis of other archaeological remains.

Anthropometry was prominent in a great deal of his work. He was the first to describe Tepexpan Man from Mexico and Midland Man from Texas. He also studied the remains of Neanderthal specimens that Ralph S. Solecki, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, had uncovered at Shanidar Cave in Iraq. In forensic work, as Hrdlicka's heir, Stewart assumed work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement officials. Moreover, Stewart devised new methods and published books and articles concerning forensic analysis, including his Essentials of Forensic Anthropology. In closely related work during 1954-1955, the United States Army engaged Stewart to go to Japan to examine skeletal remains repatriated after the Korean War in a project called "Operation Glory."

In terms of his areal specialization, Stewart was essentially an Americanist. In North America, he worked in Alaska with Henry B. Collins in 1927, and in subsequent years he excavated several ossuaries and other sites in the Washington, D.C., vicinity. These included a site on Potomac Creek in Virginia, Piscataway sites in Maryland, and the Townsend site in Delaware. He also carried out laboratory studies and prepared reports on skeletal remains uncovered by Smithsonian colleagues. In the 1940s and 1950s, Stewart conducted field work at archaeological sites in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru.

He was awarded the Viking Medal in Physical Anthropology in 1953, the Joseph Henry Medal of the Smithsonian Institution in 1967, and an award from the physical anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1981.

Sources: Ubelaker, Douglas H. "Thomas Dale Stewart, A Biographer Memoir," National Academy of Sciences, 2006.

Pace, Eric. "T. Dale Stewart Dies at 96; Anthropologist at Smithsonian," The New York Times, 1997.

Chronology

1901 -- Born in Delta, Pennsylvania.

1922-1927 -- Moved to Washington, D.C. and attended George Washington University.

1924 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1927 -- Sent by Ales Hrdlicka to Alaska to collect skeletal remains with Henry Collins.

1931 -- Graduated from The Johns Hopkins University with an M.D.

1931 -- Appointed assistant curator at the Smithsonian under Hrdlicka.

1939 -- Promoted to associate curator.

1939 -- Field work in Mexico.

1941 -- Field work in Peru.

1943 -- Taught at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

1943 -- Promoted to curator after Hrdlicka dies.

1943 -- Began working on forensic cases for the F.B.I.

1945 -- Field work in Mexico.

1949 -- Field work in Peru.

1947, 1949 -- Field work in Guatemala.

1954-1955 -- Traveled to Japan to assist in the identification of skeletal remains from the Korean War (Operation Glory).

1957-1967 -- Taught at the George Washington University School of Medicine.

1960-1962 -- Served as head curator of the Department of Anthropology.

1962-1965 -- Served as the director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1964 -- Assisted in the production of Smithsonian exhibits on physical anthropology.

1966 -- Retired from administrative duties and appointed senior scientist.

1971 -- Retired from the Smithsonian.

1997 -- Died in Bethesda, Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following manuscripts related to Stewart and his work can be found at the NAA:

NAA MS 1615- Excavations in Mancos Canyon, Colorado September 1943.

NAA MS 4669- The Townsend Site Near Lewes, Delaware 1962 by Henri Omwake.

NAA MS 4843- Report by T. Dale Stewart on Human Skeletal Material Excavated by W.M. Walker at Cedar Grove Cave, Arkansas and Natchitoches, Louisiana.

NAA MS 7025- A Tentative Closing Report on the Willin Site, Eldorado, Maryland September 1, 1952.

NAA MS 7121- "Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian January 11, 1978" recording.

NAA MS 7223- The Townsend Site January 1950.

NAA MS 7264- Documents Concerning Preserved Paleolithic Human Remains Found in the Vicinity of Cueva, Spain 1969-1972.

NAA MS 7357- Material Relating to Dermatoglyphics of Mayan Groups ca. 1947-1949.

NAA MS 7358- Personal Identification in Mass Disasters December 9-11 1968.

NAA MS 7359- T. Dale Stewart on the Identification of Human Remains April 6, 1970.

NAA MS 7474- Sketches of Burials at Ossuary 2, Juhle Site ca. 1971-1972.

Additional material T. Dale Stewart created while assisting Ales Hrdlicka is located at the National Anthropological Archives, The Papers of Ales Hrdlicka, ca. 1887-1943.

Many objects and artifact materials collected by T. Dale Stewart throughout his career are also held by the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology. These include skeletal remains and other materials from the Shanidar Cave in Iraq, forensic anthropological material including bone casts from Operation Glory, archaelogical materials from excavations in Maryland and Virginia including the Nanjemoy and Potomac Creek sites, and skeletal remains and other related materials from Stewart's 1927 expedition to Alaska with Henry Collins. Contact Anthropological Collections for more information.
Provenance:
Materials were transferred from T. Dale Stewart to the National Anthropological Archives in multiple accretions between 1975 and 2000 under accessions 1981-52, 1981-59, 1986-04, 1988-15, 1988-33, 1995-04, 1998-61, and 2000-46.The bulk of materials in this collection were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 1994 (1995-04).
Restrictions:
The Thomas Dale Stewart papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Operation Glory  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- American Indian  Search this
Americans  Search this
Aging  Search this
Anthropology -- Exhibits  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Early man -- Neanderthal  Search this
George Washington University  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Primates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.1988-33
See more items in:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1988-33

Henry Bascom Collins photograph collection of Pueblo Bonito, Mississippi Choctaws, and Alaska

Collector:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Photographer:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Guthe, Carl E. (Carl Eugen), 1893-1974  Search this
Havens, O. C.  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knoblock, Hermes  Search this
Silook, Paul Eskimo  Search this
Extent:
3 copy prints
15 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Copy prints
Prints
Photographs
Place:
New Mexico -- Antiquities
Alaska
Mississippi
Pueblo Bonito Site (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1920-1936
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting crews, camps, artifacts, and excavated areas from various archeological digs and anthropological expeditions. These include Neil Merton Judd's archeological excavations at Pueblo Bonito, Collins and Hermes Knoblock measuring Choctaw Indians in Mississippi, James Alfred Ford and Paul Silook at Miyowagh on St. Lawrence Island, and Ford at Cape Prince of Wales.
Biographical/Historical note:
Henry B. Collins (1899-1987) began his career in anthropology as an assistant on Neil M. Judd's 1922-1924 expeditions to Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico. In 1924, he became an aid in the United States National Museum Division of Ethnology and shortly afterwards was promoted to assistant curator. He received a Masters in Anthropology from the George Washington University in 1925 and was appointed associate curator in 1938. In 1939, Collins took a position as senior ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology and became acting director in 1963. When the BAE and the Department of Anthropology were merged in 1965, Collins became a senior scientist in the new Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. He was appointed archeologist emeritus in 1967.

Collins' independent field work during the early part of his career focused on the American South, in which he conducted investigations relating to the Choctaw and to areas whose cultural history was little known. Collins is most recognized, however, for his efforts in Arctic archeology. Between 1927 and 1936, he and colleagues, including James A. Ford and T. Dale Stewart, focused on the Bering Sea area and the Arctic coasts of Alaska, including St. Lawrence Island, Nunivak Island, the Diomedes, Punuk Island, Bristol Bay, Norton Sound, Point Hope, Cape Prince of Wales, the Aleutians, and the interior of the Seward Peninsula.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-23
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Henry Bascom Collins's papers, as well as those of James Alfred Ford.
Additional photographs by Collins can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 86-42, Photo Lot 86-43, and Photo Lot 86-59.
Additional papers by Collins can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4908, MS 4976, and MS 4977.
Additional photographs of Pueblo Bonito by O. C. Havens can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo lot 83-16.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
anthropometry  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 82-23, Henry Bascom Collins photograph collection of Pueblo Bonito, Mississippi Choctaws, and Alaska, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-23

Record of physical anthropological measurements of Henry B. Collins

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Connolly, C.J.  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
Summer, 1924
Scope and Contents:
On USNM form. Face mask of Collins made at same time now in division of physical anthropology.
Biographical / Historical:
Stewart says Hrdlicka held informal sessions to instruct those in taking measurements. This was one such session.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7102
Topic:
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7102, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7102
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7102

Dane Penland photographs of Henry Bascom Collins Jr. and William W. Fitzhugh at exhibit on Eskimo hunting and fishing

Creator:
Penland, Dane  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Associates  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Extent:
16 contact prints (Proof sheet :)
3 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Contact prints
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1980
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs depicting Henry Bascom Collins and William W. Fitzhugh standing in front of an exhibit about Eskimo sea hunting and fishing, probably in the National Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
Dane Penland is a photographer for the Smithsonian Institution. He made the photographs in preparation for the 1981 National Smithsonian Associates' tour to Alaska, which was led by Henry B. Collins and William W. Fitzhugh.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-42, OPPS NEG 80-12110
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional prints made for the 1981 National Smithsonian Associates' tour to Alaska can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 86-43.
The National Anthropological Archives holds the papers of Henry Bascom Collins.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the records of the Smithsonian Associates.
A paper delivered by Fitzhugh in Alaska in 1981 can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7307.
An audio recording by Collins of a tour of Eskimo collections on exhibit can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 2011-36.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 86-42, Dane Penland photographs of Henry Bascom Collins Jr. and William Fitzhugh at exhibit on Eskimo hunting and fishing, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.86-42
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-86-42

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By