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Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks

Topic:
Military
Donor:
Campbell, Jean H.  Search this
Names:
Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1861 - 1861
Summary:
This collection contains three scrapbooks filled with Civil War propaganda primarily from the North's perspective. The scrapbooks include illustrated envelopes as well as clippings from envelopes, magazines, and almanacs.
Scope and Contents:
Three scrapbooks, into which propagandistic cartoons and images have been pasted. Many of the images are on envelopes, and the entire envelopes are pasted into the books. In other cases, images are clipped out and pasted in. With just three exceptions, the items in the scrapbooks are pro-Union and anti-Confederate. Few items are dated but the dates that are included are all 1861. Many of the items are patriotic, and contain images of the US flag, refer to the Constitution, praise Lincoln and various Union generals, or contain inspirational poetry. Most indicate confidence in an eventual Union victory, depict Lincoln, Union generals and Union soldiers as fearsome and heroic. Many others lampoon Jefferson Davis, with images depicting him, or Southerners in general, as the Devil or as one of various animals. Many violent images are included, some showing Jefferson Davis being executed.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1861
Biographical / Historical:
In the early years of the Civil War, pictorial envelopes were produced by printing companies, in both the North and the South. Other images came from sources such as almanacs and popular magazines. Propaganda in general was used to enhance morale among the soldiers and citizens that lived in the North and South. It helped spread the goals of both sides in simple terms that were exaggerated, dark, or even comical.

Northern printing companies created a profitable business, primarily printing envelopes that focused on preserving the Union. In the South, the propaganda and envelopes centered around the Confederate flag and what it stood for, but this was not continued at a steady rate throughout the war. Because they lacked manufacturing, the Confederacy was forced to import paper as well as ink from the North and England. This became a large problem for them when the North established the blockade, isolating the South from their usual imports. Ultimately, the North created more envelopes and designs than the South since it did not rely on imports to produce them.

Veronique Greenwood, "Civil War Envelopes are Works of Art – And Propaganda," National Geographic, December 10, 2015. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/12/151210-civil-war-envelopes-art-propaganda-artifacts/.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Jean H. Campbell, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Propaganda  Search this
Flags -- United States  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Patriotism  Search this
Executions and executioners  Search this
Devil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks, 1861, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1372
See more items in:
Civil War Propaganda Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1372
Additional Online Media:

United States Sanitary Commission narrative of the Civil War (DOES NOT CIRCULATE)

Collection Creator:
Walker, Jerome  Search this
Collection Donor:
Walker, Cathy Jean  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Jerome Walker Papers, 1864-1917, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian.
See more items in:
Dr. Jerome Walker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1408-ref17

United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Extent:
78 prints (circa, albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Hawaiians  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Aleuts  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Date:
circa 1884-1885
Scope and Contents note:
Army Medical Museum photographs prepared under the supervision of John Shaw Billings and Washington Matthews, and created by superimosing images of several skulls for comparative purposes. Each image has a caption that includes tribal or racial identification, number of skulls photographed, photograph number, negative number, and data on photographic technique.

The collection includes representations of Aleuts, Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Eskimo, Hidatsa, Navajo, Oglala, Ojibwa, Paiute, Piegan, Ponca, Wichita, African Americans, Hawaiians, and people of San Miguel and San Nicholas Islands (California).

Additional photographs by the Army Medical Museum included in the papers of Ales Hrdlicka, photographic lot 33, filed "Washington Matthews," and photographic lot 78-42.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 6A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 73-26C, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
The National Anthropological Archives holds microfilm of the papers of Washington Matthews, circa 1864-1905, and records concerning skeletal material transferred to the Smithsonian Institution from the Army Medical Museum.
See others in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, circa 1884-1885
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
anthropometry  Search this
Skull  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 6A, United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.6A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-6a

United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Col:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Dpc:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute Indians -- depicted  Search this
Chinook Indians -- depicted  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Dakota Indians -- depicted  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Nisqually Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of historical American Indian tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

United States Army Medical Museum photographs of measuring and photographing skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Extent:
13 mounted prints (albumen)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1885-1900
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting physical anthropology techniques for measuring and photographing skulls for comparison, as practiced by scientists of the Army Medical Museum. Photographs are mounted on unbound pages from an album and have been annotated to describe the technique depicted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-42
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Copy prints of additional mounted photographs from this series can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 33.
Additional photographs of skulls by the Army Medical Museum can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 73-26C, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
The National Anthropological Archives holds microfilm of the papers of Washington Matthews, circa 1864-1905.
The National Anthropological Archives holds records concerning skeletal material transferred to the Smithsonian Institution from the Army Medical Museum.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology -- methodology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 78-42, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of measuring and photographing skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-42
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-42

Spanish Civil War, United States of America, Military Reports

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer T, Folder 1936200-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Wars and Conflicts
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-t-ref165

Black Military and Anacostia Forts during the Civil War

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 sound recording (audio cassette)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound recordings
Place:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
1977
Scope and Contents:
To a group of children, Bob Gibbs talked about the Civil War, military service, and notable Black regiments. He also explained the role of Anacostia during the Civil War years, specifically the forts in Anacostia.
Education program. Audio only. Poor audio quality. Dated 19770330.
General:
Title created by ACMA staff based on transcription from physical asset and contents of recording.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Fortification  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Black Military and Anacostia Forts during the Civil War, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.AV09-023, Item ACMA AV001357
See more items in:
Museum Events, Programs, and Projects, 1967-1989
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-av09-023-aspace-temp-acma-ref265

Black Military and Anacostia Forts during the Civil War

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 sound recording (audio cassette)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound recordings
Place:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
1977
Scope and Contents:
To a group of children, Bob Gibbs talked about the Civil War, military service, and notable Black regiments. He also explained the role of Anacostia during the Civil War years, specifically the forts in Anacostia.
Education program. Audio only. Poor audio quality. Dated 19770330.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Fortification  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Black Military and Anacostia Forts during the Civil War, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.AV09-023, Item ACMA AV001357
See more items in:
Museum Events, Programs, and Projects, 1967-1989
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-av09-023-ref265

United States Sanitary Commission narrative of the Civil War, reference copy

Collection Creator:
Walker, Jerome  Search this
Collection Donor:
Walker, Cathy Jean  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Jerome Walker Papers, 1864-1917, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian.
See more items in:
Dr. Jerome Walker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1408-ref18

Civil War Soldier, (painting)

Painter:
Scott, Julian 1846-1901  Search this
Subject:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1883
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63006404
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_123785

Civil War Scene, (painting)

Painter:
Machen, William H. 1832-1911  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1864
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Primitive  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63006665
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_287344

Seven Civil War Sketches, (painting)

Painter:
Fay, John G. Capt.  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
Ca. 1863
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Occupation--Military  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518960
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100905

Five Civil War Sketches, (painting)

Painter:
Fay, John G. Capt.  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
Ca. 1861
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Occupation--Military  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518961
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100906

Six Civil War Sketches, (painting)

Painter:
Fay, John G. Capt.  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1862-1863
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Occupation--Military  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518962
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100907

Seven Civil War Sketches, (painting)

Painter:
Fay, John G. Capt.  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
Ca. 1863
Topic:
Primitive  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Occupation--Military  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518965
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100910

Civil War Battle Scene, (painting)

Painter:
Trego, William Brooke Thomas 1859-1909  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
James A. Michener Art Museum 138 South Pine Street Doylestown Pennsylvania 18901
Date:
1887
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Figure group--Male  Search this
Occupation--Military--Soldier  Search this
Landscape  Search this
Equestrian  Search this
Control number:
IAP 78560001
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_420590

Scene of the Civil War, (painting)

Painter:
Scott, Julian 1846-1901  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Newark Museum 49 Washington Street Newark New Jersey 07101 Accession Number: 20.1195
Date:
1872
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Control number:
IAP 31820065
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_277800

Civil War Diary of G. Simons - Illustration, (painting)

Painter:
Simons, George N. 1834-1917  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Joslyn Art Museum 2200 Dodge Street Omaha Nebraska 68102 Accession Number: 1962.119
Date:
1864-65
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Control number:
IAP 29990225
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_275026

Emblems of the Civil War, (painting)

Painter:
Pope, Alexander 1849-1924  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Brooklyn Museum 200 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn New York 11238 Accession Number: 66.5
Date:
1888
Topic:
Still Life--Trompe L'Oeil  Search this
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Still Life--Weapon--Gun  Search this
Control number:
IAP 35680302
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_41068

Civil War carbines: from service to sentiment

Author:
Lustyik, Andrew Franklyn 1932-  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Firearms  Search this
Physical description:
65 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
1962]
Topic:
Rifles  Search this
Call number:
UD383.L8X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_246167

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