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Cikovsky, Nicolai, 1894-1984

Collection Creator:
Rosenblum, Walter, 1919-2006  Search this
Extent:
10 photographs
Container:
Binder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Researcher may use study prints on file in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required. Original negatives are stored off-site in cold storage and are not accessible to the public.
Collection Rights:
Copyright to photographs from the Walter Rosenblum Collection is held by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Requests for permission to reproduce photographs from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Photograph Archives. Certain works of art, as well as photographs of those works of art, may be protected by copyright, trademark, privacy or publicity rights, or other interests not owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It is the applicant's responsibility to ascertain whether any such rights exist, and to obtain any other permission necessary to reproduce and publish the image.
Collection Citation:
Walter Rosenblum Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
See more items in:
Walter Rosenblum photographs
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-photo-ros-ref123

Abraham Walkowitz [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Subject:
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1943
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Portrait male--Occupation--Artist  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0010689
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_10689

Still Life with Poppies, [painting] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Renthal Gallery  Search this
Still Life--Flower--Poppy  Search this
Still Life--Other--Vase  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0001428
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_130891

No Title Given: Landscape with Trees, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Landscape--Tree  Search this
Landscape--Water--Pond  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0002075
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_131527

No Title Given: Seated Model, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Figure female--Waist length  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005896
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135320

No Title Given: Garden Scene with Vase and Flowers, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Landscape--Tree  Search this
Landscape--Garden  Search this
Object--Flower  Search this
Object--Other--Vase  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005899
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135323

No Title Given: Dockside Scene, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Waterscape  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Fishing Boat  Search this
Architecture--Detail--Dock  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005900
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135324

No Title Given: Boats Along the Coast, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Waterscape--Coast  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Sailboat  Search this
Architecture exterior--Other--Boathouse  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005904
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135327

No Title Given: Still Life with Fruit and Flowers, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Still Life--Flower  Search this
Still Life--Other--Vase  Search this
Still Life--Fruit  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005905
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135328

No Title Given: Seated Model, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Figure female  Search this
Architecture interior--Studio  Search this
Object--Furniture--Table  Search this
Occupation--Art--Model  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005906
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135329

Great Peconic Bay, [painting] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1952
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Landscape--Coast  Search this
Landscape--Bay--Great Peconic Bay  Search this
Landscape--New York  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005897
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135321

No Title Given: Studio Interior, [art work] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Architecture interior--Studio  Search this
Object--Flower  Search this
Object--Furniture--Chair  Search this
Object--Furniture--Table  Search this
Object--Art Object--Painting  Search this
Object--Art Object--Frame  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005898
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135322

Moses Soyer papers

Creator:
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Names:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai, 1894-  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander, 1908-  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991  Search this
Soyer, David, 1928-  Search this
Soyer, Ida  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Photographer:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Extent:
3.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
circa 1905-1974
Summary:
The papers of realist painter Moses Soyer date from circa 1905 to 1974 and measure 3.8 linear feet. Within the papers are scattered biographical materials, general correspondence with friends, artists, galleries, art organizations, and others, as well as correspondence with his family, including his son David, writings and notes by Soyer and others, exhibition materials, news clippings, and other printed material, numerous photographs of Soyer, his family, fellow artists, friends and his artwork. Also found are book illustrations and loose sketches by Soyer.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of realist painter Moses Soyer date from circa 1905 to 1974 and measure 3.8 linear feet. Within the papers are scattered biographical materials, general correspondence with friends, artists, galleries, art organizations, and others, as well as correspondence with his family, including his son David, writings and notes by Soyer and others, exhibition materials, news clippings, and other printed material, numerous photographs of Soyer, his family, fellow artists, friends and his artwork. Also found are book illustrations and loose sketches by Soyer.

Biographical materials include awards, business documents such as records for the loan of his artwork, passports, his marriage certificate, and other official documents. Soyer's 1966 membership to the National Institute of Arts and Letters and several awards from the National Academy of Design are found here as well. Correspondence is with friends and artists such as Leonard Baskin, Isabel Bishop, Alex Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Chaim Gross, and his brother Raphael Soyer, as well as with students, galleries, art organizations, museums, universities, and others. Also found is correspondence with his son David and his grandchildren that include many letters illustrated by Soyer.

Writings and notes include Soyer's draft writings for his book Painting the Human Figure, autobiographical essays, desk diaries, and miscellaneous writings and notes. There are also writings by Ida and David Soyer, artist Philip Evergood, and others. Printed material consists of exhibition catalogs and announcements, news clippings about Soyer's career and realist painting, and scattered material such as newsletters, programs, and magazines.

The papers contain numerous photographs of Soyer, including photographs of him working in his studio, with models, with family, and with fellow artists such as David Burliuk, Nicolai Cikovsky, Chaim Gross, Raphael Soyer, and many others. Additional photographs are of Soyer's family, fellow artists, friends, events, and his artwork. Among the photographers is Arnold Newman. Original artwork includes book illustrations for First Book of Ballet and loose sketches by Soyer.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1974 (Box 1, 5, OV 6; 12 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-1974 (Box 1-2, 5; 1.0 linear foot)

Series 3: Writings & Notes, circa 1930s-1968, undated (Box 2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1926-1974 (Box 2-3, 5, OV 6; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1905-1974 (Box 3-5, OV 6; 1.1 linear foot)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1940s-1960s (Box 4-5; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Moses Soyer (1899-1974) and his twin brother Raphael (1899-1987) were born on December 25, 1899, in the Russian town Borisoglebsk. Their father Abraham was a scholar and Hebrew teacher who encouraged all of his children to sketch and paint. After the family was deported from Russia, they settled in the Bronx, New York, in 1912. Moses and Raphael briefly attended school, but at 16 they began working various jobs to help support their family. They also began taking free art classes at Cooper Union and for a brief time at the National Academy of Design. Moses then enrolled at the Educational Alliance Art School where he met close friend Chaim Gross. He participated in his first exhibition in 1923 and also taught classes at the Education Alliance Art School until 1926 when he received a traveling scholarship to Europe.

Before leaving for Europe, Soyer married Ida, a former student and dancer. They spent most of their time during the next two years in France. Their son David was born in 1928. Shortly after his birth they returned to the New York City where Moses found greater inspiration for his social-realist paintings. During the Depression, he was commissioned to do artwork for the WPA and for the Federal Arts Project, depicting people doing everyday tasks. During this time Soyer also taught classes at the Contemporary Art School and the New School for Social Research.

Throughout the 1940s and 1950s Soyer continued with this subject matter, even as the abstract art movement became more prominent. Speaking out against abstract art as well as regionalism, he exhibited his work constantly, becoming a significant figure in the social realist movement. His work was represented by the American Contemporary Art (ACA) Gallery beginning in 1944, and he was also a member of several art organizations, including the Artists Equity Association. He was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1963 and to the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1966. Soyer's later work focused on more sensitive portrayals of the female figure, especially dancers. He also painted portraits, including many of his artist friends such as Chaim Gross, Joseph Stella, and David Burliuk. He illustrated several books, including the First Book of Ballet and wrote Painting the Human Figure, which was published in 1964. Soyer continued to paint until his death in 1974.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the Abe Lerner papers concerning the book Moses Soyer, 1961-1970, a Moses Soyer letter to Herbert S. Schimmel, and a Moses Soyer letter and two photographs, donated by Marilyn Mark. Also available at the Archives are the papers of Raphael Soyer, Moses Soyer's twin brother.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel D176), the majority of which was later donated. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Moses Soyer first lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming in 1965. Some of these papers, along with additional material, were donated by Soyer between 1966 and 1969. His son, David Soyer, gave more material in 1974 and 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Moses Soyer papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Artists' studios -- New York (State) -- New York -- Photographs  Search this
Social realism -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Moses Soyer papers, circa 1905-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.soyemose
See more items in:
Moses Soyer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-soyemose
Additional Online Media:

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072090
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72091

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0072091
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_72092

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0075421
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_75422

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0075422
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_75423

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0075423
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_75424

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0075424
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_75425

Candlewood Lake [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cikovsky, Nicolai 1894-1984  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1939*
Image number:
JUL J0081144
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_81145

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