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Cardinal, Douglas: Vision session

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e17858

Oral history: Cardinal, Douglas

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e18113

Cardinal, Douglas [see also Design Process]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e17846

Design process [see also Cardinal, Douglas]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e17943

[Saskatchewan Indian Federated College: see Cardinal, Douglas]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e18308

Canadian Museum of Civilization (CMC) [see Cardinal, Douglas]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e17834

Institute of American Indian Arts [see Cardinal, Douglas: Vision Session]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation  Search this
Container:
Box 30 of 59
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-225, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, Building Files
See more items in:
Building Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-225-refidd1e18077

Washington -- Native Landscape at the National Museum of the American Indian

Creator:
Sakiestewa, Ramona, design collaborator  Search this
EDAW Inc., landscape architectural firm  Search this
Artist:
Naranjo-Morse, Nora, 1953-  Search this
House, Donna.  Search this
Building architect:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Landscape architect:
Jones, Johnpaul A., 1941-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
General:
The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) and its surrounding Native Landscape garden opened on September 21, 2004. At a total of 4.25 acres, the building and landscape lie east of 4th Street SW and south of Jefferson Drive, on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Rather than a controlled, linear style that is found in much of the surrounding buildings, the NMAI museum and landscape evoke feelings of fluidity and connection with nature. The landscape contains more than 33,000 plants of approximately 150 species, all of which are native to the Piedmont region between the Atlantic coastal plain and the Appalachian Mountains. Additionally, all of the species have an ethnobotanical use for Native Americans, whether for food, medicine, fiber, dye, or ceremonial purposes.
Legislation was enacted to create NMAI on November 28, 1989. Leaders from nearly 150 native communities spanning North and Central America were consulted, culminating in a planning document entitled "The Way of the People," published in 1993. Architect Douglas Cardinal (Blackfoot tribe) of Ottawa, Canada, designed the building of the museum. For the landscape, the architectural firm EDAW, Inc. (now part of AECOM) collaborated with ethnobotanist Donna House (Navajo/Oneida) on the design and plant selection, and with landscape architect Johnpaul Jones (Choctaw/Cherokee) and artist Ramona Sakiestewa (Hopi).
The Native Landscape is comprised of four habitats of the natural regional landscape: upland hardwood forest (on the north side of the museum), wetlands (east), cropland (southeast), and meadow (southwest). The 24,000-square-foot forest habitat is divided into three zones with different soil moisture levels that affect the kinds of plants that grow in each zone. The 6,000-square-foot wetlands is a lush aquatic landscape filled with water lilies and cattails, inspired by the site's geologic history as a swamp. The 5,200-square-foot cropland is an organically sustained garden, maintained through Native American strategies of crop rotation and companion planting, along with the use of natural pest-predators such as ladybugs. Produce harvested from the cropland is used in NMAI's cafeĢ and for on-site ceremonies. The 5,500-square-foot meadow lies on both sides of the south entrance, and is comprised of wildflowers, grasses, and two American elm trees.
Art and architecture adorn the landscape. Ever-evolving clay sculptures entitled "Always Becoming," designed by Nora Naranjo-Morse (Santa Clara Pueblo), have stood in the meadow habitat since 2007. The north side of NMAI features an acclaimed waterfall feature which represents Tiber Creek, a former tributary of the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. An offering area and many places of rest and reflection are built into the architecture of the landscape. Performances are held at the fire pit and outdoor amphitheater or at the Welcome Plaza. Astronomical artworks are engraved in the pavement at the museum's north and east entrances.
Four stone cardinal direction markers lie along the east-west and north-south axes of the building. These large boulders come from four corners of the western hemisphere, and date from different epochs: North (Canada, Basins Group era), south (Chile, Cretaceous period), east (Maryland, Cambrian period), and west (Hawaii, ca. 1662). Forty additional boulders lie along the landscape's perimeter, to serve as protective bollards and also symbolize the longevity and memories of native tribes. These "Grandfather Rocks" were blessed by American Indians in both Canada (from which they originated) and the United States.
Plantings include columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), yellow wakerobin (Trillium luteum), mannagrass (Glyceria striata), wild rice (Zizania aquatica), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), goldenrod (Solidago sp.), watercress (Nasturtium officinale), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), corn (Zea mays), barley (Hordeum vulgare).
People associated with this garden include: EDAW (landscape architectural firm, circa 1989-2004). Donna House (Navajo/Oneida) (ethnobotanist, circa 1990-2004). Johnpaul Jones (Cherokee/Choctaw) (landscape architect, circa 1990-2004). Ramona Sakiestewa (Hopi) (design collaborator, circa 1990-2004). Nora Naranjo-Morse (Santa Clara Pueblo) (artist, 2007- ). Douglas Cardinal (Blackfoot) (building architect, circa 1990-2004).
Related Materials:
Native Landscape at the National Museum of the American Indian related holdings consist of (35mm slides (photographs), negatives, photographic prints, and digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG008
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref11

National Museum of the American Indian, 2004

Author:
Lautman, Robert  Search this
Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 2 Color: Color and Black and White ; Size: 9 w x 13 h; Type of Image: Exterior ; Medium: Digital Image
Type:
Exterior
Digital Image
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
United States of America, District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest, Smithsonian Quadrangle
Date:
2004
Topic:
New Museums  Search this
Museums  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Digital images  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Openings  Search this
Indians of North America--Museums  Search this
Architects  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-0489 and SIA2010-0490
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12229
Additional Online Media:

Architecture and Construction Files, 1995-1996

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
GBQC Architects  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Audiotapes
Collection descriptions
Date:
1995
1995-1996
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Indians of North America--Museums  Search this
Museum architecture  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Museums and community  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 09-231
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2012; Transferring office; 06/15/2009 memorandum, Toda to Pahn; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Architecture and Construction Files 1995-1996 [National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_283133

The Native creative process : a collaborative discourse between Douglas Cardinal and Jeannette Armstrong / with photographs by Greg Young-Ing

Author:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Armstrong, Jeannette C  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
Creation (Literary, artistic, etc.)  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Psychology  Search this
Call number:
E98.A7 C263 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_744103

First peoples of Canada : masterworks from the Canadian Museum of Civilization / Jean-Luc Pilon and Nicholette Prince ; with a foreword by Douglas Cardinal ; contributions by Ian Dyck, Andrea Laforet, and Eldon Yellowhorn

Author:
Pilon, J.-L (Jean-Luc)  Search this
Prince, Nicholette 1964-  Search this
Dyck, Ian G.  Search this
Laforet, Andrea Lynne 1948-  Search this
Yellowhorn, Eldon 1956-  Search this
Writer of supplementary textual content:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Host institution:
Canadian Museum of Civilization  Search this
Subject:
Canadian Museum of Civilization  Search this
Physical description:
167 pages : color illustrations, color map ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Canada
Date:
2013
Topic:
Indian art  Search this
Indian arts  Search this
Material culture  Search this
Indians of North America--Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1031122

Douglas Cardinal, 1934- [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Nationality:
Blackfoot  Search this
Place:
Canada
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Native Americans  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the National Museum of the American Indian Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_94835

National Museum of the American Indian Opens on Mall

Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Our Universes: Traditional Knowledge Shapes Our World (Exhibition) (2004: National Museum of the American Indian)  Search this
Our Peoples: Giving Voice to Our Histories (Exhibition): (2004: National Museum of the American Indian)  Search this
Our Lives: Contemporary Life and Identities (Exhibition): (2004: National Museum of the American Indian)  Search this
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
September 21, 2004
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
New Museums  Search this
Openings  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Festivals  Search this
Opening Ceremonies  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11466

Commission for Fine Arts Approves NMAI Design

Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Heyman, Ira Michael 5/30/1930-11/19/2011  Search this
United States Commission of Fine Arts  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Polshek Partnership  Search this
Tobey & Davis  Search this
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
June 17, 1999
Topic:
Budget  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Building  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Architecture--Design and plans  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
New Museums  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13195

Architectural History of the National Museum of the American Indian, 1999

Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Venturi, Scott Brown & Associates  Search this
Native American Design Collaborative  Search this
Polshek Partnership  Search this
Type:
Cultural expressionism
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1999-2004
Topic:
Museum architecture  Search this
Architecture  Search this
potomac  Search this
Sacred Circle  Search this
Water in landscape architecture  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Wetlands  Search this
Museums  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14447

Groundbreaking for National Museum of the American Indian

Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Tayac, Chief Billy Redwing  Search this
West, W. Richard  Search this
Heyman, Ira Michael 5/30/1930-11/19/2011  Search this
Office of Design and Construction  Search this
Venturi, Scott Brown & Associates  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
September 28, 1999
Topic:
Piscataway Indians  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Secretariats  Search this
Groundbreaking  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Building  Search this
Indians of North America--Museums  Search this
New Museums  Search this
Architecture--Design and plans  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2385

National Museum of the American Indian Design Approved

Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Office of Design and Construction)  Search this
Venturi, Scott Brown & Associates  Search this
National Capital Planning Commission  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Place:
North America
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
April 1999
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Building  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Architecture--Design and plans  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2386

The Native Creative Process: A Collaborative Discourse between Douglas Cardinal and Jeannette Armstrong

Author:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Armstrong, Jeannette  Search this
Photographer:
Young-Ing, Greg  Search this
Subject:
Canadian Museum of Civilization  Search this
En'owkin International School of Writing  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Place:
North America
Date:
1991
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Museum architecture  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Publisher:
Penticton, British Columbia Theytus Books
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2560

The Canadian Museum of Civilization

Author:
MacDonald, George F  Search this
Alsford, Stephen  Search this
PhotographerPhotographer:
Malak, Mr.  Search this
Subject:
Cardinal, Douglas  Search this
Canadian Museum of Civilization  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)  Search this
Date:
1990
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Museum architecture  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Publisher:
Hull, Quebec Canadian Museum of Civilization
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2611

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