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George Tooker papers

Creator:
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Names:
Bachinski, Walter  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Dix, Otto, 1891-1969  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Ginzburg, Ralph  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Isaacson, Robert  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-  Search this
Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Perlin, Bernard, 1918-  Search this
Peterson, Joan, 1933-  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros, 1922-1997  Search this
Wescott, Glenway, 1901-  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe, 1899-  Search this
Extent:
5.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1851-2010
Summary:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 5.1 linear feet and date from circa 1851 to 2010. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, gallery files, exhibition files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and numerous photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter George Tooker measure 5.1 linear feet and date from circa 1851 to 2010. The papers document Tooker's personal and professional life through biographical material, correspondence, project files, gallery files, exhibition files, printed material, artwork and one sketchbook, and numerous photographs, including some taken by noted photographer George Platt Lynes.

Biographical material consists of membership and travel documents, writings on and by Tooker on his circle, an address book, resume, and papers regarding Tooker's education. Also included are biographical material related to Tooker's partner William Christopher who passed in 1973. A 1978 interview with Vermont Public radio on two sound reels is also featured.

Correspondence is with friends, colleagues, and organizations. Correspondents include Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Walter Bachinski, William Christopher, Otto Dix, Jared and Margaret French, Ralph Ginzburg, Xavier Gonzalez, Robert Isaacson, Edward Laning, Lincoln Kirstein, Lee Nordness, Bernard Perlin, Joan Peterson, Theodore Stamos, Bridget Tichenor, and others. Also included are family correspondence and correspondence regarding the Estate of William Christopher.

Project files document Tooker's commissions including the set and costume design for Gian-Carlo Menotti's opera The Saint of Bleecker Street and Tooker's participation in the selection of candidates for the Vestris Prize for Choreography. Files contain correspondence, business documents, printed ephemera, sketches, photographs, three volumes of vocal scores, and textile samples.

Gallery records include business correspondence and consignments with various key galleries in Tooker's career spanning the 1960s to the end of his career including D.C. Moore Gallery, Marisa Del Re Gallery, and Durlacher Bros..

Exhibition records include documents regarding the organization of several select exhibitions in Tooker's career incuding an early retrospective at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (1974) and a later traveling retrospective from 2008-2009.

Printed material consists of invitations, press releases, news clippings and exhibition catalogs documenting the careers of both George Tooker and William Christopher.

Artwork includes numerous sketchbooks, loose drawings, and sketches from Tooker's studies at the Art Students' League in the mid 1940s, in addition to an early ex-libris print created by Tooker in his youth. Also included is a sketchbook by William Christopher, as well as a study for the work The Subway, in the collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Photographic materials depict Tooker's family life as well as his early artistic collaborations depicted in a number of black and white photographs taken by George Platt Lynes and PaJaMa in the mid to late 1940s. A majority of the photographs depict artists and friends, among them: George Tooker and his companion William Christopher, Paul Cadmus, Jared and Margaret French, Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein, Glenway Wescott, Monroe Wheeler, and Bridget Tichenor. Other photographs are of Tooker building his home, gardening, and working in his studio in Hartland, Vermont. Also included are installation views from the exhibition Painting in the United States (1949) at the Carnegie Institute in Pennsylvania. There are also a fair amount of photographs, transparencies, slides and negatives documenting artwork from both the studios of George Tooker and his late partner William Christopher.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1920-2005 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 1, 5)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1932-2010 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, Oversize 7)

Series 3: Project Files, circa 1935-1968 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 2-3, 6)

Series 4: Gallery Records, circa 1960-2009 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, circa 1967-2009 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 1, 3)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1851-2010 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 3, 5)

Series 7: Artwork and Sketchbook, circa 1932-2009 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 3, 5, 8)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1900-2010 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 4-5, 8)
Biographical / Historical:
George Tooker (1920-2011) was a painter based in Hartland, Vermont and New York, New York. Tooker was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 5, 1920 to George Clair Tooker and Angela Montejo Roura. He graduated from preparatory school at Phillips Academy, Andover in 1938 and received a Bachelor of Arts in English from Harvard University in 1942. Tooker studied drawing and painting under Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and Harry Sternberg at the Art Students' League from circa 1944 to 1945.

Tooker became acquainted with American painter Paul Cadmus while studying at the Art Students' League. Cadmus introduced Tooker to a circle of artists and writers living and working in New York and Europe in the mid to late 1940s that included George Platt Lynes, Jared and Margaret French, Monroe Wheeler, Glenway Westcott, and Lincoln and Fidelma Kirstein. He lived and worked with his partner and fellow artist William Christopher in New York City and later Hartland, VT.

In 1953, Tooker was commissioned by writer and philanthropist Lincoln Kirstein to design the sets and costumes for The Saint of Bleecker Street, an opera by Gian-Carlo Menotti. In 1966, the Wasemquia Charitable Trust sponsored the Vestris Prize for Choreography in cooperation with the Boston Ballet Company and Tooker was invited by trustee Henry H. Crapo to participate on the Committee of Judges for the Vestris Prize. In 1968, NASA commissioned Tooker to produce drawings and one painting documenting the development of spacecraft at the Goddard Space Flight Center located in Greenbelt, Maryland.

Tooker's paintings are found in numerous art museums and galleries including the Whitney Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art, DC Moore Gallery, Robert Isaacson Gallery, and the Venice Biennale. In 1968, Tooker's paintings were featured in the art magazine, Avant-Garde.
Related Materials:
Available in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with George Tooker conducted in 1966 by Grace G. Alexander for radio station WNYC, New York City.

Materials related to the George Tooker papers can be found the William Christopher papers at the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
George Tooker donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1973. A subsequent addition was donated in 2018 by Aaron Watkins, the executor to George Tooker's estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The George Tooker papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Vermont  Search this
Printmakers -- Vermont  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Citation:
George Tooker papers, circa 1851-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tookgeor
See more items in:
George Tooker papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tookgeor

Oral history interview with Paul Cadmus, 1988 March 22-May 5

Interviewee:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Interviewer:
Tully, Judd  Search this
Subject:
French, Jared  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln Edward  Search this
Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh),  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan),  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12619
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216617
AAA_collcode_cadmus88
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216617
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Subject:
Kirstein, Lincoln Edward  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Aitken, Webster  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5622
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208456
AAA_collcode_cadmpaul
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208456
Additional Online Media:

Delight Cottage, Provincetown, (painting)

Painter:
Cadmus, Paul 1904-1999  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil on paper
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Anonymous Collection
Date:
Ca. 1925
Topic:
Landscape--Massachusetts--Provincetown  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic--Cottage  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8F960019
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_474642

Paul Cadmus note on exhibition announcement to George Tooker

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1978 September 3
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)21898
See more items in:
George Tooker papers, circa 1851-2010
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_21898
Additional Online Media:

Jack Levine papers

Creator:
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Names:
American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Barnet, Will, 1911-2012  Search this
Bloom, Hyman, 1913-  Search this
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Close, Chuck, 1940-  Search this
Coen, Eleanor, 1916-  Search this
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander, 1908-  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur), 1925-1997  Search this
Friedan, Betty  Search this
Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio, 1914-  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Lee, Gypsy Rose, 1914-1970  Search this
Levine, David, 1926-2009  Search this
Paul VI, Pope, 1897-1978  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Probst, Joachim  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer, b. 1880  Search this
Simon, Sidney, 1917-  Search this
Sorini, Emiliano  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Terkel, Studs, 1912-2008  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Updike, John  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-  Search this
Extent:
3.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Student drawings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Date:
1923-1999
Summary:
The papers of New York social realist painter and printmaker Jack Levine date from 1923-1999, and measure 3.2 linear feet. Levine's career is documented through biographical material, scattered letters, notes and a speech, writings, student drawings, three scrapbooks, printed material and nearly one linear foot of photographs of Levine, his family, and his colleagues.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York social realist painter and printmaker Jack Levine date from 1923-1999, and measure 3.2 linear feet. Levine's career is documented through biographical material, scattered letters, notes and a speech, writings, student drawings, three scrapbooks, printed material and nearly one linear foot of photographs of Levine, his family, and his colleagues.

Found within the papers are two driver's licenses and several biographical accounts, and scattered letters from colleagues including one each from John Taylor Arms, Hyman Bloom, Leonard Bocour, René d'Harnoncourt, Lloyd Goodrich, Jacob Lawrence, and Homer Saint-Gaudens discussing various art-related events. There is only one carbon copy of a letter written by Levine. The correspondence includes oversized photographs of the members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Additional photographs of the members are found in the Photograph series.

Notes and writings are primarily typescripts about Jack Levine written by others. There is also a transcript of one speech, "Jack Levine Speaks Regarding the Donation of 108 of his Drawings to the Archives" delivered by Levine at the Fogg Art Museum.

Artwork consists entirely of Levine's student drawings including anatomical studies, neighborhood genre scenes, copies of Old Masters, and a series of images of symphony musicians. Some of the drawings display themes that are reflected in his later paintings.

Three scrapbooks contain clippings that document Levine's career and reflect his political interests. Additional printed material consists of a comprehensive collection of clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs. There is also an announcement for a lecture by Levine, press releases, calendars of events, reproductions of artwork, programs, brochures including one for Facing East, a portfolio of Levine's prints, and three books.

Photographs include numerous photographs of Levine throughout his artistic career, including images of his wife, painter Ruth Gikow, their daughter Susanna, and colleagues including Hyman Bloom, Leonard Bocour, Alexander Dobkin, Joachim Probst, and Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko. Especially notable is a series of photographs of Levine printmaking with Emiliano Sorini and Ruth Gikow.

There are photographs of Levine serving on art juries and panels with Eleanor Coen, Joseph Hirsch, Gabor Peterdi, Studs Terkel, and Max Weber, and attending events with Lawrence Fleischman, Betty Friedan, Edith Halpert, Mauricio Lasansky, Gypsy Rose Lee, Pope Paul VI, and Raphael Soyer. A small album contains photographs of Levine and various buildings in Boston. There are also photographs of miscellaneous exhibition installations including Levine's retrospective at the Jewish Museum, and of artwork by Levine and others.

Group photographs of the members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters are found here, and include Will Barnet, Paul Cadmus, Chuck Close, David Levine, George Tooker, and John Updike. Additional group photographs of the members that were originally enclosed with letters are found in the correspondence series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1953-1955 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Letters, 1946-1996 (Boxes 1, 5; 12 folders)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1961-1974 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1923-1931 (Boxes 1, 5, OV 6; 11 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1936-1962 (Boxes 1, 5; 16 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1938-1999 (Boxes 1-3, 5, OV 6; 1.9 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1940-1998 (Boxes 3-5, OV 6; 52 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Jack Levine (1915-2010) was born in Boston, Massachusetts and worked as painter and printmaker primarily in New York City. Levine was one of the leading painters and advocates of the Social Realism School of the late 1930s.

Jack Levine was the youngest of the eight children of Lithuanian Jewish parents, Mary Grinker and Samuel Levine. After the family moved from the South End of Boston to Roxbury in 1923, Levine began to study drawing under Harold Zimmerman at the School of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. By 1929, Levine was studying painting under Denman Ross of the Fogg Art Museum.

From 1935-1940, Levine received U.S. government support from the federal Works Progress Administration. His first exhibition of paintings in New York City was at the Museum of Modern Art. In 1937, he painted The Feast of Pure Reason, a satire of Boston political power. Together with Ben Shahn, Levine became a leading exponent of the Social Realism School of the late 1930s. His first one-man show was held at the Downtown Gallery in New York City in 1938.

After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, Levine was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1945, and a grant from the American Academy of Arts and Letters the following year. Also in 1946, Levine married painter Ruth Gikow and moved to New York City. Between 1950 and 1951, he was a Fulbright Fellow working in Rome where he was inspired by Old Master paintings. In the 1960s Levine's interest in printmaking intensified and he was instructed in creating intaglio prints by Emiliano Sorini, and was introduced to Abe Lublin who was associated with the New York Graphic Society.

Levine taught at the Art Institute of Chicago, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the American Art School in New York, and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. His work is in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Fogg Art Museum. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters from 1956 on.

The D.C. Moore Gallery in New York City currently represents the Estate of Jack Levine.
Provenance:
Jack Levine donated his papers to the Archives in 1962, 1978, and 1999.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and limited to the Washington, D.C. Reference Center.
Rights:
The Jack Levine papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Social realism  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Student drawings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Citation:
Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.levijack
See more items in:
Jack Levine papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-levijack
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus letter to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Subject:
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Goodman, Sam  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1964 June 18
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18350
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18350
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus letter to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Subject:
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1974 April 25
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18351
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18351
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus, Nantucket, Mass. postcard to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Nantucket, Mass.
Date:
1946 August 19
Topic:
Music  Search this
Vacations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8403
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8403
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus, Florence, Italy postcard to Webster Aitken, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Subject:
Pisano, Nino  Search this
Palazzo vecchio  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Florence, Italy
Date:
1951 Dec. 02
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Travel  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8404
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8404
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus, Nice, France letter to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Subject:
Cortot, Alfred  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1951 Oct. 1
Topic:
Music  Search this
Vacations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8406
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8406
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus, Weston, Conn. letter to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Aitken, Webster, 1908-1981  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1951 Jan. 10
Topic:
Music  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9595
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9595
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Names:
Aitken, Webster, 1904-  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
Extent:
0.02 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1945-1979
Summary:
The letters of Paul Cadmus to Webster Aitken measure 0.02 linear feet and date from 1945-1979. Found within the collection are letters, notes, and postcards from Cadmus to Aitken regarding music, composers, musicians, mutual friends, Cadmus's sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Kirstein, travels, and Cadmus's work, art processes, and personal reflections on life events.
Scope and Contents:
The letters of Paul Cadmus to Webster Aitken measure 0.02 linear feet and date from 1945-1979. Found within the collection are 49 letters, notes, and postcards from Cadmus to Aitken regarding classical music, composers, musicians, mutual friends, Cadmus's sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Kirstein, travels, and Cadmus's work, art processes, and personal reflections on life events.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series:

Series 1: Paul Cadmus Letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter Paul Cadmus (1904-1999) lived and worked in New York, N.Y. and Weston, Connecticut and was known for realist works of New York public life and the social lives of men. Cadmus was born in New York City to lithographer and watercolorist Egbert Cadmus and his wife, Maria Latasa, a fellow artist and book illustrator. With the support of his family, Cadmus entered the National Academy of Design at the age of 15 where he excelled in life drawing and printmaking classes. After graduating from the Academy in 1926, he continued his studies at the Art Students League where he met fellow artists Jared French and George Tooker. Throughout the 1920s, Cadmus found work as a commercial illustrator and layout artist for various agencies, including the New York Herald-Tribune.

In 1933, after two years of travel through France and Spain with Jared French, Cadmus returned to New York and was one of the first artists to be accepted into the federal Public Works of Art Project. Throughout the 1930s, his depictions of sailors and New Yorkers in public life were seen as controversial, beginning with the 1934 ejection of his painting The Fleet's In! from the Corcoran Gallery and continuing into 1940 with objections to the showing of Sailors and Floozies at the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition. Cadmus met his partner Jon Anderson in 1964 and featured him as a model for many of his subsequent works. Cadmus was a member of the National Academy of Design and the American Academy of Arts and Letters and died in his home in 1999.

Pianist and educator Webster Aitken (1908-1981) lived and worked in Santa Fe, New Mexico. A student of Emil Sauer and Artur Schnabel, Aitken studied at the Curtis Institute and had his recital debut in Vienna in 1929 and his American debut in New York's Town Hall in 1935. He is known for his 1938 London and New York performances of Schubert's sonatas, and a series of programs on the late works of Beethoven performed at American universities. Aitken taught at the Carnegie Institute, the University of Illinois, and the University of Texas. He died in his home in 1981.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Paul Cadmus letters to Edgar Munhall and an oral history interview with Paul Cadmus conducted by Judd Tully, March 22, 1988. The University of Texas at Austin holds the Webster Aitken Collection, 1899-1985.
Provenance:
The letters were donated in 1981 by Cadmus' long-time friend and Aitken's wife, Lilian Gilbert Aitken.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Pianists  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Citation:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cadmpaul
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cadmpaul
Additional Online Media:

Paul Cadmus Letters to Webster Aitken

Collection Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Linear feet (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1979
Scope and Contents:
The letters of Paul Cadmus to Webster Aitken measure 0.1 linear feet and date from 1945-1979. Found within the collection are 49 letters, notes, and postcards from Cadmus to Aitken regarding classical music, composers, musicians, mutual friends, Cadmus's sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Kirstein, travels, and Cadmus's work, art processes, and personal reflections on life events.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cadmpaul, Series 1
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cadmpaul-ref15

Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research materials on New Deal Art

Creator:
Park, Marlene, 1931-  Search this
Names:
National Personnel Records Center (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977  Search this
Barnet, Will, 1911-  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya, 1907-1981  Search this
Bouché, Louis, 1896-1969  Search this
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Citron, Minna Wright, 1896-1991  Search this
Cronbach, Robt.(Robert M.), 1908-  Search this
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Katz, Leo, 1887-1982  Search this
King, Roy E., 1903-  Search this
Kotin, Albert, 1907-1980  Search this
Lanning, Edward P.  Search this
Magafan, Ethel, 1915 or 6-1993  Search this
Markowitz, Gerald E.  Search this
Palmer, William, 1906-1987  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reisman, Philip, 1904-  Search this
Rothschild, Lincoln, 1902-  Search this
Solman, Joseph, 1909-2008  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Van Veen, Stuyvesant  Search this
Walton, Marion, b. 1899  Search this
Extent:
5.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Date:
1931-1999
Summary:
The Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research files on New Deal art are dated 1931-1999 and measure 5.8 linear feet. The research files document New Deal art projects and artists through some original correspondence with artists, printed material, interview transcripts, and several sound recordings of interviews with artists of the period. Subject files relate to WPA era art and art projects; many contain numerous photocopies of records from the Personnel Records Center and the U. S. Treasury Relief Arts Projects now in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration.
Scope and Content Note:
The Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research files on New Deal art are dated 1931-1999 and measure 5.8 linear feet. The research files document New Deal art projects and artists through some original correspondence with artists, printed material, interview transcripts, and several sound recordings of interviews with artists of the period. Subject files relate to WPA era art and art projects; many contain numerous photocopies of records from the Personnel Records Center and the U. S. Treasury Relief Arts Projects now in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration.

The collection consists primarily of artists' files documenting the WPA, The National Personnel Records Center, the Public Art Preservation Committee, and the U.S. Treasury Relief Art Project. Also found are lists of artists arranged by category, correspondence, transcripts of interviews, printed material, exhibition catalogs, monographs, photographs, slides, and sound recordings. Among the artists are: Charles Alston, Will Barnet, Ilya Bolotowsky, Louis Bouche, James Brooks, Charles Burchfield, Paul Cadmus, Minna Citron, Robert Cronbach, Hugo Gellert, Adloph Gottlieb, Leo Katz, Roy King, Albert Kotin, Edward Lanning, Ethel Magafan, William Palmer, Anton Refregier, Philip Reisman, Lincoln Rothschild, Joseph Solman, Harry Sternberg, Stuyvesant Van Veen, and Marion Walton.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series:

Series 1: Artists' Files, 1931-1999 (Boxes 1-5, 7, OV 8-10; 4.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Subject Files, 1934-1999 (Boxes 5, 7, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1977-1989 (Box 5; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 4: Sound Recordings, 1974-1976 (Boxes 5-6; 0.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Art historians Marlene Park and husband Gerald E. Markowitz conducted research on New Deal art projects. Their work resulted in an exhibition "New Deal for Art: The Government Projects of the 1930's with Examples from New York City and State" (1977) and a catalog with the same title. 7), and a book, Democratic Vistas: Post Offices and Public Art in the New Deal (1984). Both were on the faculty of the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Marlene Park served on the Public Art Preservation Committee from 1979-1982.
Provenance:
The Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research materials on New Deal Art were donated to the Archives in 1999 by art historians Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research materials on New Deal art are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Citation:
Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research material on New Deal art, circa 1974-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.parkmarl
See more items in:
Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research materials on New Deal Art
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parkmarl

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1979
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cadmpaul-ref16

Ilse Martha Bischoff papers

Creator:
Bischoff, Ilse, 1901-1990  Search this
Names:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1893-1981
Summary:
The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs. Correspondence is primarily with family members and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French. Photographs are of Bischoff, her family, and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs.

Correspondence is primarily with family members and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French. Artwork includes pencil and watercolor sketches, and notes and writings consist primarily of typescripts of Bischoff's short stories. Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and miscellaneous printed material relating to Bischoff's European travel. Of special interest are photographs of Bischoff, her family, and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Series 1: Personal Records, 1934-1938, 1955-1968 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1922-1981 (Box 1; 47 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1920-circa 1959 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1929-1975 (Box 1; 33 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1929-1976 (Box 1; 15 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, 1893-1971 (Box 2; 20 folders)
Biographical Note:
Ilse Martha Bischoff was born on November 21, 1901 in New York City, to Adele Maria Timme Bischoff and Ernst Bischoff, founder of the Ernst Bischoff (pharmaceuticals) Company of Ivoryton, Connecticut.

Bischoff began her education at the Horace Mann School, later studying costume design at the Parson's School of Design. At the Art Students League, she studied painting under Frank Du Mond and etching with Joseph Pennell. While at the Art Students League, Bischoff befriended painters Paul Cadmus and Jared French. She also studied art in Paris, France, and Munich, Germany.

From 1928 to 1946, Bischoff illustrated 12 books and wrote two novels about George Washington's Portraitist, Gilbert Stuart: Painter's Coach in 1943, and Proud Heritage in 1949. Her autobiography, Drive Slowly: Six Dogs, was published in 1953. She was also an avid collector of Meissen porcelain.

Bishoff's artwork is represented in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Hood Museum at Dartmouth.

Ilse Martha Bischoff died December 5, 1990, in Hartland, Vermont.
Provenance:
The Ilse Martha Bischoff papers were donated in 1980-1981 by the artist.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Ilse Martha Bischoff papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Authors -- Vermont  Search this
Illustrators -- Vermont  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Ilse Martha Bischoff papers, 1893-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.biscilse
See more items in:
Ilse Martha Bischoff papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biscilse

Paul Cadmus; prints and drawings, 1922-1967. [Text by Una E. Johnson. Research by Jo Miller

Author:
Cadmus, Paul 1904-1999  Search this
Johnson, Una E  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Subject:
Cadmus, Paul 1904-1999  Search this
Physical description:
66 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
1968]
Call number:
N40.1.C12y J6
NE539.C25 A54X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_21675

Francisco [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cadmus, Paul 1904-1999  Search this
Subject:
Unidentified  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1937
Topic:
Portrait male--Francisco  Search this
Portrait male--Head  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0019007
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_19007

Mallorca Landscape [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cadmus, Paul 1904-1999  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Landscape--Spain--Mallorca  Search this
Landscape--Tree  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0019015
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_19015

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