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Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Kenneth A. Gibson, American, born 1932  Search this
Clifton Herman Johnson, American, 1921 - 2008  Search this
New York Giants, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Howard University Medical Alumni Association, Inc., American, founded 1871  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
National Insurance Association, American, founded 1921  Search this
Whitney Moore Young Jr., American, 1921 - 1971  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
National Funeral Directors and Morticians Association, Inc., American, founded 1924  Search this
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
President Richard M. Nixon, American, 1913 - 1994  Search this
Roy White, American, born 1943  Search this
Franklin Augustine Thomas, American, born 1934  Search this
Gail Fisher, American, 1935 - 2000  Search this
Hal Christopher Frederick, American, born 1934  Search this
Greg Morris, American, 1933 - 1996  Search this
Joan Murray  Search this
Edie Huggins, American, 1935 - 2008  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Nettie B. Smith, American  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
Gladys W. Dixon, American, born 1901  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
National Negro Business League, American, 1901 - 1966  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 × 9 1/16 × 5/16 in. (28 × 23 × 0.8 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Sororities  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.5
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  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera

Collector:
McKinley, Ray, 1910-1995 (musician, bandleader)  Search this
Names:
Dorsey, Jimmy, Orchestra  Search this
McKinley, Ray, Orchestra  Search this
Miller, Glenn, Orchestra  Search this
Extent:
19.5 Cubic feet (56 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Music
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Date:
1945-1994
Scope and Contents:
The Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera consists of music, scores, sideman books, photographs, correspondence, news clippings and magazine articles, business records, awards, audio and videotapes, 45 rpm commercial recordings, and miscellaneous biographical notes. The records date from the the late nineteenth century to 1996 and document the professional music career and personal life of Ray McKinley (drummer, band leader, and vocalist). The collection is organized into three series; Series 1: Music ca. 1942-1990, Series 2: Ephemera ca. 1870-1996, and Series 3: Miscellaneous ca. 1943-1993. Materials in each series are arranged either alphabetically by music title or chronologically by date.

The following reference abbreviations are used in the container list to facilitate cross-referencing of materials in different subseries:

see: look for this title or material in the following location sa: see also: additional or related material is available in the following location aka: also known as OS: oversize score OP: oversize photograph
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Music

Series 2: Ephemera

Series 3: Audio Visual Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Ray McKinley was born on June 18, 1910 in Fort Worth, Texas, the son of Flora Newell McKinley and Raymond Harris McKinley, Sr. McKinley, Jr. entertained himself at an early age by "drumming" on whatever was available, and he received his first drum set at age nine from a family friend. His performing career had begun even earlier, at age six, with a snare drum solo for several thousand at the Elks Circus in the North Fort Worth Coliseum. At twelve he started playing professionally with local bands and orchestras. In an April, 1986 article in Modern Drummer, McKinley commented, "I wasn't that terrific, but everyone thought I was" (see Subseries 2B: Newsclippings and Magazine Articles). Whether deserved or not, his reputation was good enough that when the Jimmy Joy Orchestra came to town and was strapped for a substitute drummer, twelve-year-old McKinley got the job.

McKinley left town for the first time on a tour with the Duncan-Marin band in 1926. While performing in a Chicago nightclub, he was caught in the crossfire of a gang shoot-out and shot in the leg. During his convalescence, he wandered the clubs and listened in on sets. He met "Benny Pollack, Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller and others" (Ray McKinley, see Subseries 2F: Biographical Materials). He left the Duncan-Marin group in 1927 for the Beasley Smith orchestra, and joined the Tracy-Brown Orchestra in 1929. He played with Milt Shaw's Detroiters for a time in 1930, followed by a stint with Dave Bernie's band. With Bernie, he made two trips to England, "where he acquired a set of neckties and a Southern accent" (McKinley, Biographical Materials).

Glenn Miller asked McKinley to join him in Smith Ballew's band in 1932, and Miller later placed McKinley and four others with the Dorsey Brothers' Orchestra. When the Dorseys split, McKinley stayed with Jimmy Dorsey, although he was heavily recruited by other band leaders, including Tommy Dorsey and Benny Goodman. He became known as a vocalist as well as drummer in Jimmy Dorsey's band, and had Bing Crosby name him "one of the ten best vocalists in the country" (All-American Band Leaders, July, 1942). In 1939, at the suggestion of booking agent Willard Alexander, McKinley joined forces with Will Bradley (formerly Wilber Schwitsenberg) to form the "Will Bradley Orchestra featuring Ray McKinley." With McKinley on vocals and drums, the band's several hits included Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar, Down the Road Apiece and Celery Stalks at Midnight. McKinley left in 1942 to form his own group, The Ray McKinley Orchestra. The band was very well-recieved, but broke up after only 8 months due to external factors including the outbreak of the second World War. McKinley placed many of his players with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra just before he was drafted.

McKinley's old association with Glenn Miller paid off when Glenn took him on for his famous Army Air Force Band. McKinley says that Glenn Miller's band "was one of the two best musical organizations I had anything to do with as a player" (Modern Drummer). The Glenn Miller Band was sent to England in June, 1944. After Miller disappeared in 1944, McKinley fronted the band until its return to the United States in 1945. At this point, McKinley handed the reins to Tex Benecke and formed a new Ray McKinley Orchestra.

McKinley's new orchestra enjoyed great success, partially due to its young talent, including that of arrangers Eddie Sauter and Deane Kincaide. McKinley's showmanship and skills as leader, vocalist, and drummer also earned the band many fans. Some of their hits included Red Silk Stockings and Green Perfume, You Came a Long Way From St. Louis, and Arizay. Unfortunately, the group's inception coincided with the end of the big band era. McKinley adjusted the size and style of the band in attempts to satisfy public demand, but he finally disbanded the group when he suffered an attack of amoebic dysentery in 1951.

After his recovery, McKinley freelanced with different bands and in radio and television, mostly accepting appearances that kept him near his home in Connecticut. His last extended stint with any band came in 1956, when Willard Alexander persuaded the Glenn Miller Estate to sponsor a New Glenn Miller Orchestra with McKinley as its leader. The band played arrangements of old Miller favorites from the original music as well as more contemporary hits. This orchestra, like McKinley's earlier ones, was very successful, performing on television and travelling all over the world. In 1966, McKinley tired of the road and "retired". For the next thirty years, McKinley again stayed close to home, playing "gigs" with various bands, working as a musical consultant for Walt Disney World in 1971, and doing some television and recordings.

McKinley is remembered as a loving family man, screwball showman, and dedicated musician. In January, 1950,InternationalMusician said that McKinley was "known in the trade as a 'drummer's drummer'--just about the highest accolade one can receive." Many of his fellow musicians attest that his clean, energetic style of drumming provided the drive behind many of the bands he played with, while his technical skill and sense of humor produced the exciting solos that made him popular with the public. According to drummer Cliff Leeman, "Unlike many of the highly technical, showman drummers, McKinley combined elements of showmanship and thoughtful, feeling performance. He never ignored his timekeeping duties" (Modern Drummer, 1986). Both on the drums and as band leader, McKinley was a bit of a clown. For instance, the "vocal" in Celery Stalks at Midnight originated when McKinley, for no particular reason, "instead of playing a two bar solo on the drums...just yelled out, 'Celery Stalks along the highway!'" (McKinley, Big Band Jump Newsletter). Still, despite his antics and the fun he obviously had while on the stand, McKinley was deadly serious about music. His thoughts on drumming are evidence of this: "Once you have the techniques down and combine them with an inherent sense of rhythim--I believe you have to be born with it--you're well on your way to becoming a good drummer. If you don't have that bone-deep rhythmic sense, or 'feel', you should be doing something else. That may sound autocratic. But that's the way it is, as far as I'm concerned"( ModernDrummer).

McKinley was married in 1937 but divorced by 1942. He then married ballet dancer Gretchen Havemann in 1943, a few months into his tenure with the Glenn Miller Band. On April 7, 1949, they had daughter for whom Gretchen coined the name Jawn. A loving, happy couple, he and Gretchen celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary in 1993. In 1983, he and Gretchen began spending half of their year in a home in Florida and half in Canada. He died in 1995.
Separated Materials:
Ray McKinley drumset and two band stands are located in the Division of Music History.
Provenance:
Donated by Gretchen McKinley and Jawn McKinley Neville on February 2, 1998.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact the Archives Center for information.
Topic:
Big band music -- 1940-2000  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 20th century
Music -- 1940-2000
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Citation:
Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera, ca 1945-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0635
See more items in:
Ray McKinley Music and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0635
Additional Online Media:

International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection

Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Newspaper clippings
Books
Publicity photographs
Photographs
Date:
1933-2010
bulk 1939-1946
Summary:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection focuses on the all-female, racially and ethnically diverse big band group that started in 1937 and disbanded in 1949. The collection contains news clippings, photographs, correspondence, ephemera from USO travels, and newsletters. Also included are books related to the group, as well as a tribute CD and a 33 rpm vinyl sound recording.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs and news clippings documenting the International Sweethearts Band of Rhythm's performances, rehearsals, and travels. It also includes tribute materials to the band, including books and audio CDs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Piney Woods School, 1937-1944

Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials, 1933-2005

Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials, 1935-1951
Biographical / Historical:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm were a racially and ethnically mixed swing band, all of whose members were women. They were organized in 1937 by Laurence Clifton Jones, who started the Piney Woods School near Jackson, Mississippi. He formed the band from students at Piney Woods and the band toured to raise money for the school, performing at fairs, dance halls, churches, and theaters. In 1939, the band began to tour outside of Mississippi and traveled across the American South and Midwest. In 1941 they separated from Piney Woods, started out on their own as professional musicians and relocated to Arlington, Virginia. While in Arlington, the band recruited professional musicians to replace the underage students who stayed in school. The band's venues included the Apollo Theatre and Savoy Ballroom in New York and the Howard Theatre in Washington DC They performed frequently at military bases and were quite popular during World War II. In response to requests from GIs serving overseas, the Sweethearts undertook a six month tour of Europe starting in July 1945. The tour was supported by the United Service Organization (USO) Camp Shows. The band played in Paris, France and throughout Germany, including the cities of Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Munich, and Mannheim. The group disbanded in 1949, but reunited for a reunion in 1980 at the Third Annual Women's Jazz Festival in Kansas City.

Rosalin Cron was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1925 and began playing music at nine years old. She joined the band in 1943 and primarly played the alto saxophone, but was also trained to play the clarinet and flute. Cron was a part of the overseas tour. She was with the band until 1946. Dixie Hardy Moon is the niece of founder Laurence Clifton Jones. Catherine (Cathy) Hughes, was born in 1947 in Omaha, Nebraska. She is the granddaughter of founder Laurence Clifton Jones and her mother, Helen Jones, played the trombone with the Sweethearts. Hughes is considered a media pioneer and founder of Radio One/TV One.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by Rosalind Cron.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Female (Musical group)  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Big band music  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Books -- 20th century
Publicity photographs
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1218
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1218
Additional Online Media:

[Praise for International Sweethearts of Rhythm performance.] [Letter]

Author:
Jackson, A. Stephen  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages (Ink on paper., 8.2" x 10.6".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Letters (correspondence)
Scope and Contents:
February 3, 1940. Letter from A. Stephen Jackson, II (music director in Dallas, TX) to Piney Woods president, Dr. Lawrence C. Jones (2 pages).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000011.tif (AC Scan No.: page 1)

AC1218-0000012.tif (AC Scan No.: page 2)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref647
Additional Online Media:

Testimony on International Sweethearts Orchestra [sic] [typescript]

Author:
Jung, J. Porter  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.3".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Typescripts
Testimonials
Place:
Winona (Minn.)
Minnesota
Scope and Contents:
Typed letter, written "to whom it may concern," February 3, 1940, from manager L. Porter Jung of Interstate Orchestra Exchange in Winona, Minnesota.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000013.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Typescripts
Testimonials
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref648

[To Laurence C. Jones] [typescript letter]

Author:
Jung, J. Porter  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.3".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Typescripts
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Minnesota
Winona (Minn.)
Scope and Contents:
Cover Letter to AC1218-0000013 (Testimony on International Sweethearts of Rhythm from Interstate Orchestra Exchange in Winona, Minnesota); written on February 1, 1940 from L. Porter Jung, manager of Interstate Orchestra Exchange.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000014.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts -- 1940-1950
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref649

Dixie Music Lovers / Like All Girls Band [clipping]

Author:
Jones, Laurence C., Dr.  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Publisher:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (mounted on paper.; Ink on paper, mounted on paper, 11" x 9.3")
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
Newspaper clipping from Chicago Defender, Feb. 24, 1940. "'Kansas City Call' Kansas City, MO Jan. 1940" written on verso of mount. Page originally in scrapbook.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000015.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref650

[Articles from various newspapers: clippings]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Pittsburgh Courier (newspaper)  Search this
Shreveport Sun (newspaper)  Search this
Texarcana Gazette (newspaper)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, mounted on paper., 11.4" x 9.7".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
Side 1: 5 clippings from various newspapers: "Hold [sic] School Festival at Piney Woods" [newspaper unidentified]. Shreveport Sun (Shreveport, La): "Sweethearts of Rhythm 'Go to School." Texarkana Gazette (Texarkana, Tex., Dec. 19, 1939: "Negro Girl Orchestra to Play Here Friday." Pittsburgh Courier, Oct. 14, 1939: "Sweethearts of Rhythm Get Gay Welcome." California Eagle (Los Angeles, Calif.) Jan. 4, 1940: "girls' band on gold hour tonight" [sic]. Page originally in scrapbook.
Side 2: 2 clippings from various newspapers "Chatter and Some News" by Helen F. Chappell, Jan. 12 in Los Angeles. "Sweethearts of Rhythm Get Welcome in Dallas," Jan. 26, Dallas, Texas.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000016.tif (AC Scan No., side 1)

AC1218-0000017.tif (AC Scan No.: side 2)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Women in jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref651
Additional Online Media:

[Articles from newspapers, clippings.]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, mounted on scrapbook page., 11.4" x 9.6".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref652

[Clippings (2 total) from various newspapers]. [black and white]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.4" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
Undated clippings (2 total) from various newspapers "Hollywood Chatter Box" by Cleon Wilson, Los Angeles, CA "16-Piece Girl Band Goes Over Big in Dallas" Page originally in scrapbook (front side of AC1218-0000019).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000018.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref653

[Article from Chicago Defender] [clipping]

Publisher:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, mounted on scrapbook page., 11.3" x 9.7".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
Clipping from Chicago Defender, Feb. 3, 1940 and again in Feb. 10, 1940 Photo title: "Sweetheart Saxophonists". Caption: "Here are the Snyder sisters, Lucy and Ernestine, who are sensations in the International Sweethearts of Rhtyhm orchestra, now on a nation-wide tour." Photographer Stamp: Teal photo. Page originally in scrapbook (back side of AC1218-0000018).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000019.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref654

Sweethearts of Rhythm Now on West Coast. [Newspaper clipping]

Creator:
Gushiniere, (photographer).  Search this
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 7.2" x 8.6".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Clippings
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Undated newspaper clipping with halftone reproduction. "Photo shows the girls during recent visit in Chicago after they had inspected Defender office." Photographer credit: Gushiniere photo. Originally in scrapbook?
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000020.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Clippings -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Photomechanical reproductions.
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref655

[Clippings (2) from newspapers : scrapbook page]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Names:
Pankey, Sadie Desmon  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.6" x 9.7".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Undated clippings (2 total) from various newspapers "Sweethearts Greeted" Dec. 29, Dallas, TX "'Miss Satchmo'"--Sadie Desmon Pankey Photographer stamp: Teal photo. Page originally in scrapbook (backside contains captions from photo no longer attached).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000021.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref656

[Clippings (3) from Chicago Defender: on scrapbook page]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Photographer:
Teal Studio (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Names:
Byrd, Ina Bell  Search this
Lee (Wong), Willie Mae  Search this
McGee, Nova Lee  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.7".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
"Sunshine Girl," Chicago Defender, Feb. 24, 1940--photo of Nova Lee McGee. "Favorite," Chicago Defender, March 2, 1940--photo of Willa Lee Wong (Willie Mae Wong?) "Trombonist," Chicago Defender, Mar. 23, 1940--photo of Ina Bell Byrd. Photographer stamp (all 3 photos): Teal photo. Page originally in scrapbook.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000022.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref657

Mon. Sept. 23rd, Martinsville, Va., Amusement Enterprises Presents America's Greatest Female Band: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm. [clipping]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11-1/2" x 10".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
PART OF OBJECT. Page originally in scrapbook (front side of AC1218-0000024). Related Version: AC1218-0000027.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000023.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref658

[Newspaper clippings (3) from Chicago Defender.]

Photographer:
Teal Studio (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Names:
Rothchild, Bernice  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Florida -- 1930-1940 -- Photographs
Scope and Contents:
"Plays Bass" March 23, 1940--photo of Bernice Rothchild playing bass. Photographer stamp: Teal photo. "'Sweethearts' Please Swing Fans in Fla." March 23, 1940. "Sweethearts of Rhythm Score On Annual Tour" Aug. 3, 1940. Page originally in scrapbook (verso of AC1218-0000023).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000024.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Bass violin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Photomechanical reproductions.
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref659

[Newspaper clippings (5 total) from various newspapers]. [scrapbook page.]

Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Pittsburgh Courier (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Names:
Crawford, Vivian  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.4" x 9.6".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Obverse: "250 Musicians Compete In Jam Session at Fair: Swing Band Semi-Final Held at American Common" Herald Tribune. "Rain No Damper for 400 Fair Jitterbugs Who Soak for 4 Hours to Hear Swing Bands" New York Times, August, 29, 1940. Includes underlined and boxed passages in blue pen. Page originally in scrapbook.
Verso: "Traveling Instructor for 'Sweethearts of Rhythm'" Pittsburgh Courrier, Oct. 5, 1940--photo of Vivian Crawford. "'Sweethearts of Rhythm' a Tops Band: Good Looks Along With Hot Music Make 'Em Tough Crew" Chicago Defender, Oct. 15, 1940. "Sweethearts of Rhythm In Groove Playing Dances" Chicago Defender, Oct. 5, 1940 Page originally in scrapbook.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000025.tif (AC Scan No.: verso)

AC1218-0000026.tif (AC Scan No.: obverse)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref660
Additional Online Media:

[Newspaper clippings (5) from various newspapers : on scrapbook page.]

Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.9" x 10".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
Obverse: "Fri. Sept. 27th, Columbia, S.C., Amusement Enterprises Presents America's Greatest Female Band: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm". Page originally in scrapbook (backside of AC1218-0000028) Related Version: AC1218-0000023.
Verso: "'Sweethearts of Rhythm' An All-Girls Band Wins," Chicago Defender. "All-Girl Musical Aggregation: First Appearance In Bluefield, W. Va." "All Girls Band: Sweethearts of Rhythm Much Too Much As Entertaining Crew," Defender, August 31, 1940. "Where Sweethearts of Rhythm Will Play," Courier, Sept. 21, concert schedule for Sept. 19-Sept. 26. "Sweethearts of Rhythm's Tour Is Tops," Defender, Sept. 21. Page originally in scrapbook (backside of AC1218-0000027).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000027.tif (AC Scan No.: obverse)

AC1218-0000028.tif (AC Scan No.: verso)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref661
Additional Online Media:

[Newspaper clippings (2 total) from Chicago Defender, June 15, 1940]. [black and white]

Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.7" x 10.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
From Chicago Defender, June 15, 1940. "This Girl Band Is Much Too Much With Swing And Jitter". "Sweethearts". Page originally in scrapbook (front side of AC1218-0000030).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000029.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref662

Athletic Amusement Club...Torrid Session / "Jazznocracy" [sic]. [broadside]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.6" x 10.8".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 13
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
"Tues. Sept. 24, Athletic Amusement Club South Center, Statesville, N.C., Amusement Enterprises Presents America's Greatest Female Band: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm". Page originally in scrapbook (verso of AC1218-0000029). Related Versions: AC1218-0000023, AC1218-0000027 (only small details are different).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000030.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref663

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