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Ceremonial sword

Object Name:
eben
Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 105 x 23.1 x 16.5 cm (41 5/16 x 9 1/8 x 6 1/2 in.)
Type:
Weapon and Armament
Geography:
Benin kingdom, Nigeria
Date:
Late 19th century
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Glen Rhodes
Object number:
2002-19-3
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2002-19-3

Ceremonial sword

Object Name:
eben
Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 98 x 21.5 x 19.2 cm (38 9/16 x 8 7/16 x 7 9/16 in.)
Type:
Weapon and Armament
Geography:
Benin kingdom, Nigeria
Date:
Late 19th-early 20th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Male use  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Glen Rhodes
Object number:
2002-19-2
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2002-19-2

Minutes

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents  Search this
Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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Additional Online Media:

Bell

Object Name:
erowo
Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 21.6 x 12.1 x 12.1 cm (8 1/2 x 4 3/4 x 4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Musical Instrument
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
18th century
Topic:
Shrine/Altar  Search this
mask  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1979
Object number:
85-19-22
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-22

Plaque

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 39.5 x 17.6 x 6 cm (15 9/16 x 6 15/16 x 2 3/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th to 17th century
Topic:
floral  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Alice M. Kaplan
Object number:
2001-14-1
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
African Mosaic: Selections from the Permanent Collection
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2001-14-1

Crest mask

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 71.1 x 24.1 x 22.3cm (28 x 9 1/2 x 8 3/4in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
18th century
Topic:
crocodile  Search this
snake  Search this
mudfish  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Walt Disney World Co., a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Object number:
2005-6-2
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2005-6-2

Gong

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 16.1 x 10.9 x 6.3 cm (6 5/16 x 4 5/16 x 2 1/2 in.)
Type:
Musical Instrument
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th to late 19th century
Topic:
bird  Search this
Leadership  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-742
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-742

Vessel

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 28.9 x 18.4 x 19.4 cm (11 3/8 x 7 1/4 x 7 5/8 in.)
Type:
Container
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-late 19th century
Topic:
snake  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-14
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-14

Figure of a mudfish

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, copper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 x 5.1 x 15.9 cm (2 3/8 x 2 x 6 1/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
mudfish  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-8
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Currents: Water in African Art
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Concourse
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-8

Plaque

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 47 x 36.8 x 6 cm (18 1/2 x 14 1/2 x 2 3/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th to 17th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-13
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-13

Gong

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 32.7 × 10.2 × 7.8 cm (12 7/8 × 4 × 3 1/16 in.)
Type:
Musical Instrument
Geography:
Benin Kingdom, Nigeria
Date:
18th century
Topic:
bird  Search this
Leadership  Search this
Male use  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Olga Hirshhorn
Object number:
2016-1-1
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2016-1-1

Spoon

Maker:
Benin kingdom, Bini-Portuguese style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 16.5 x 4.8 x 3.2 cm (6 1/2 x 1 7/8 x 1 1/4 in.)
Type:
Tool and Equipment
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
16th-17th century
Topic:
bird  Search this
Trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss
Object number:
69-20-4
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Concourse
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_69-20-4

Plaque

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 34.3 x 29.2 x 7 cm (13 1/2 x 11 1/2 x 2 3/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th to 17th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
weapon  Search this
floral  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-6
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-6

Figure of a musketeer

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 51.4 x 14 x 16.2 cm (20 1/4 x 5 1/2 x 6 3/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Benin kingdom, Nigeria
Date:
19th century
Topic:
Shrine/Altar  Search this
weapon  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-15
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-15

Tusk

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
L x H x W: 158.4 x 38.3 x 13.2 cm (62 3/8 x 15 1/16 x 5 3/16 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
ca. 18th century
Topic:
leopard  Search this
Commemorative  Search this
Shrine/Altar  Search this
mudfish  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Walt Disney World Co., a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Object number:
2005-6-17
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2005-6-17

Commemorative head

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Ceramic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 9.8 x 7.3 x 8.2 cm (3 7/8 x 2 7/8 x 3 1/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
16th-19th century
Topic:
Commemorative  Search this
Ancestral  Search this
Shrine/Altar  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1966
Object number:
85-19-10
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-10

Male figure

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 19.1 x 10.8 x 7.9 cm (7 1/2 x 4 1/4 x 3 1/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
19th century
Topic:
Shrine/Altar  Search this
musical instrument  Search this
weapon  Search this
male  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution in 1979
Object number:
85-19-21
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_85-19-21

Bracelet

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Brass sheet
Dimensions:
H x Dia: 13.5 x 18.2 cm (5 5/16 x 7 3/16 in.)
Type:
Costume Accessory
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Late 19th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
Adornment  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
floral  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Walt Disney World Co., a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Object number:
2005-6-146
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2005-6-146

Ceremonial sword

Object Name:
ada
Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Iron, copper alloy, wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 70.4 x 13.3 x 3.3 cm (27 11/16 x 5 1/4 x 1 5/16 in.)
Type:
Weapon and Armament
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Late 19th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Warfare  Search this
Male use  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Harold Rome
Object number:
80-21-54
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_80-21-54

Figure of a rooster

Maker:
Edo artist  Search this
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 55.9 x 18.4 x 46.4 cm (22 x 7 1/4 x 18 1/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Date:
18th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Shrine/Altar  Search this
chicken  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Walt Disney World Co., a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Object number:
2005-6-37
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2005-6-37

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