Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
14 documents - page 1 of 1

Clement Greenberg papers

Creator:
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Names:
American Committee for Cultural Freedom  Search this
Avedisian, Edward, 1936-2007  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby, 1934-  Search this
Baziotes, Ethel  Search this
Bush, Jack, 1909-  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Connolly, Cyril, 1903-1974  Search this
Davis, Gene, 1920-1985  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Dorazio, Piero, 1927-  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Feeley, Paul, 1910-1966  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Fuller, Peter, 1947-1990  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hosaisson, Philippe  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Krauss, Rosalind E.  Search this
Moffett, Kenworth  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
O'Faolin, Nuala  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Sander, Ludwig, 1906-  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Smith, Kimber, 1922-1981  Search this
Solomon, Deborah  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Waddington, Leslie  Search this
Wisenski, Kurt  Search this
Extent:
8.6 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1937-1983
Summary:
The papers of art critic, author, and lecturer Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the collection consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums. Notable correspondents include Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Richard Diebenkorn, Friedel Dzubas, Helen Frankenthaler, Adolph Gottlieb, Hans Hofmann, Morris Louis, Robert Motherwell, Charles Pollock, Jules Olitski, David Smith, and Anne Truitt among others. Also found are biograpical materials, personal business and financial records, an etching by Kurt Wisneski, printed materials, and two reports by Greenberg concerning his travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of influential New York art critic Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the papers (7 feet) consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums, with some letters from Greenberg. Correspondents include Edward Avedisian, Darby Bannard, Ethel Baziotes, Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Gene Davis, Richard Diebenkorn, Piero Dorazio, Friedel Dzubas, Andre Emmerich, Paul Feeley, Sam Francis, Helen Frankenthaler, Robert Goodnough, Adolf Gottleib, Hans Hofmann, Philippe Hosiasson, Jacob Kainen, Rosalind Krauss, Robert Motherwell, Ken Moffett, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Beverly Pepper, Ludwig Sander, David Smith, Kimber Smith, Clyfford Still, Anne Truitt, and Leslie Waddington.

Biographical materials include a transcript of an interview with Greenberg conducted by Deborah Solomon in 1983. Greenberg's personal business and financial records include correspondence regarding his lectures and seminars, requests for his writings, student queries, documents regarding his television and radio appearances, royalty statements, and receipts for gifts of works of art. Also found within business records are documents relating to Greenberg's testimony at the Mark Rothko Trial in 1974.

Artwork consists of one etching by Kurt Wisenski entitled "Spring." The papers contain very few of Greenberg's writings about art. Found are lists of artists, and reports written by Greenberg on the state of art in Japan and India in 1967, likely related to his membership in the American Committee for Cultural Freedom. Printed material includes scattered clippings concerning art and exhibition announcements.

One series of ACCESS RESTRICTED papers contains documents relating to Greenberg's role as a trustee in the David Smith estate; correspondence between Greenberg with Andre Emmerich and Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and some financial materials regarding the sale and loan of Greenberg's art collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1950s-1983 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Business and Financial Records, 1940-1983 (Box 1; 12 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1937-1983 (Boxes 1-8; 7 linear feet)

Series 4: Artwork, 1973 (Box 8; 1 folder)

Series 5: Writings and Notes, 1967-1983 (Box 8; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1950-1982 (Box 8; 2 folders)

Series 7: Restricted Material, 1963-1983 (Boxes 9-11; 1.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Clement Greenberg was a highly influential art critic working in New York City from the 1940s through the 1960s. He was an advocate of modern art, particulary the abstract expressionist movement, and one of the first critics to recognize the significance of Jackson Pollock's work.

Greenberg was born in 1909 to Russian immigrants in Bronx, New York. After graduating from Syracuse University in 1930, he married and had a child, David. He settled in New York City while working at the United States Customs Department as an appraiser.

In the late 1930s, Clement Greenberg attended a meeting of the U.S. Works Progress Administration and heard Hans Hofmann speak of avant-garde art. In 1939, he wrote one of his first important critical pieces "Avant-Garde and Kitsch" for the Partisan Review. Greenberg argued that the avant-garde art movement rose out of the need to defend and maintain high art standards against the decline in taste brought about by America's consumerism and capitalist culture.

In 1940, Greenberg joined Partisan Review as an editor. He became art critic for the Nation in 1942, and was associate editor of Commentary from 1945 until 1957. In December 1950, he joined the CIA-fronted American Committee for Cultural Freedom.

Throughout the 1940s through the 1960s Greenberg continued to write and, in his essays and articles, he promoted the work of Abstract Expressionists, among them Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Hans Hofmann, Barnett Newman, and Clyfford Still. He particularly championed Jackson Pollock. Greenberg wrote several seminal essays that defined his views on art history in the 20th century. "Greenberg on Collage" was one one of his most important.

Greenberg's views on pop art were mixed. He also became less enamored with Abstract Impressionism, particularly the second generation. However, he became very interested in the Color-Field and Hard-Edge painters.

Through the 1960s Greenberg's views informed a younger generation of art critics including Michael Fried and Rosalind E. Krauss. Some writers maintain that Greenberg's views were so well-respected that he had too much of an influence on the world of art. In time, Greenberg's antagonism to Postmodernist theories and other modern art movements caused him to lose much of his credibility among both artists and art critics.

Greenberg died at the age of eighty-five in 1994.

Since his death, letters edited by his widow, Janice Van Horne and a re-evaluation of his writings have helped to restore his reputation within the art world.
Related Material:
The Portland Art Museum holds Clement Greenberg's private art collection as well as a library of exhibition catalogs.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels N69-91, N70-7, and N737). Most, but not all, of these papers were later donated by Greenberg. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Clement Greenberg initally lent material for microfilming in 1968-1969. He donated most of this material with additional papers in several accretions between 1984 to 1991.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Some of the collection is ACCESS RESTRICTED: documents relating to the estate of David Smith; some correspondence with Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and sale and loan agreements. Contact the reference staff for more information about permission to use this portion of the collection.
Rights:
The Clement Greenberg papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art criticism -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Japan  Search this
Art -- India  Search this
Modernism (Art) -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Citation:
The Clement Greenberg papers, 1937-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greeclep
See more items in:
Clement Greenberg papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greeclep
Additional Online Media:

Chihuly : form from fire / essays by Walter Darby Bannard, Henry Geldzahler

Author:
Chihuly, Dale 1941-  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-2016  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Lowe Art Museum  Search this
Museum of Arts and Sciences (Daytona Beach, Fla.)  Search this
Subject:
Chihuly, Dale 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
142 pages : chiefly color illustrations ; 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
©1993
20th century
Topic:
Glass art--History  Search this
Call number:
NK5198.C53 M98 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_468154

Barbara Rose papers

Creator:
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby, 1934-  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
Bierman, A. K., 1923- (Arthur Kalme)  Search this
Bladen, Ronald, 1918-1988  Search this
Bowles, John  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Davis, Jim, 1901-1974  Search this
Davis, Ron, 1937-  Search this
De Forest, Roy, 1930-2007  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Frazier, Charles  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Hare, David, 1917-1992  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lefebre, John  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Locks, Seymour, 1919-  Search this
Lye, Len, 1901-1980  Search this
Mack, Heinz, 1931-  Search this
McCracken, John, 1934-2011  Search this
McShine, Kynaston  Search this
Meier, Richard, 1934-  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Mundt, Ernest Karl, 1905-  Search this
Murray, Robert, 1936-  Search this
Myers, John Bernard  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Padovano, Anthony  Search this
Piene, Otto, 1928-  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rexroth, Kenneth, 1905-1982  Search this
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Rudolph, Paul, 1918-  Search this
Sandler, Irving, 1925-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Taylor, Edward Silverstone  Search this
Wasserman, Tamara E.  Search this
Wesselmann, Tom, 1931-2004  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Lectures
Date:
1962-circa 1969
Summary:
The Barbara Rose papers date from 1962 to circa 1969 and measure 1.4 linear feet. Papers include letters, writings, printed material, interviews with artists, panel discussions, and lectures relating to Barbara Rose's research as an art historian.
Scope and Contents:
The Barbara Rose papers date from 1962 to circa 1969 and measure 1.4 linear feet. Papers include letters, interviews with artists, panel discussions, lectures, writings, and printed material relating to Barbara Rose's work as an art historian and critic.

Letters consist of responses to queries and questionnaires Rose and Irving Sandler sent to contemporary artists as research for writing projects. Questionnaires were sesnt in preparation for an article in Art in America on artists' sensibility of the 1960s, with responses from Robert Motherwell, Robert Craig Kauffman, Len Lye, Robert Morris, George Segal, David Hare, and others. A separate query asked sculptors for their assessment of contemporary sculptor's needs and the potential for patronage, and responses are found from Carl Andre, Charles Frazier, Robert Murray, Anthony Padovano, Ron Bladen, Roy Lichtenstein, Len Lye, Sol LeWitt, Heinz Mack, Otto Peine, Dan Flavin, and Donald Judd.

Interviews conducted by Rose between 1965 and circa 1969 are found with Richard Bellamy, Leo Castelli, James E. Davis, Henry Geldzahler, Ivan Karp, Lee Krasner, John Lefebre, John Myers, Donald Judd with Frank Stella, and Tom Wesselmann. All interviews include original sound recordings, and the Judd and Stella, Krasner, and Myers interviews include transcripts. Panel discussions and lectures include sound recordings and transcripts of seven events on a variety of contemporary art and architecture subjects held between 1962 and 1968. Sound recordings are present for five of the events on 10 sound tape reels, and transcripts are present for all events. Participants in the panel discussions and lectures include Barbara Rose, Ronald Davis, Dan Flavin, Robert Kauffman, John Harvey McCracken, Friedel Dzubas, Ansel Adams, Arthur Bierman, Kenneth Rexroth, Edward Taylor, Ernst Karl Mundt, John Bowles, Roy Dean De Forest, Seymour Locks, Walter Hopps, Mark Di Suvero, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, Kynaston McShine, Walter Darby Bannard, Donald Judd, Larry Poons, Robert Rauschenberg, Richard Meier, Paul Rudolph, Claes Oldenburg, and Robert Murray.

Writings include photocopied typescripts of "Myth, Symbol, or Me," by Emily Wasserman and "Excerpts from a Work Journal on Flying Sculpture," by Charles Frazier. Printed material consists of two copies of the premiere issue of the 57th Street Review, from Nov. 15, 1966.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Letters (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Interviews (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Panel Discussions and Lectures (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Writings and Printed Material (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Barbara Rose is an American art historian and critic who has published widely in the field of modern American art. Born in 1938 in Washington, DC, Rose studied at the Sorbonne, Smith College, Barnard, and finally, Columbia University under Meyer Shapiro. Rose became immersed in the New York-based circle of modernist artists and curators in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and made her substantial contribution to the discourse on contemporary art with the insider's perspective this afforded her. In 1961, she married the painter Frank Stella and they had two children before their divorce in 1969.

Rose taught at Yale University, Sarah Lawrence, University of California at Irvine and San Diego, and the American University Art in Italy program, and was senior curator at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, from 1981-1985. A prolific writer, Rose is the author of American Art Since 1900 (1967), The Golden Age of Dutch Painting (1969), American Painting: The 20th Century (Skira, 1969), and monographs on the artists Magdalena Abankawicz, Helen Frankenthaler, Robert Rauschenberg, Alexander Liberman, Larry Rivers, and others, as well as dozens of exhibition catalog essays. She held editorial positions at Art in America, Vogue, Artforum, Partisan Review, and Journal of Art, and her writing has also appeared in Art International, Studio International, Arts Magazine, and ARTnews, among many others.
Separated Materials:
Additional papers of Barbara Rose are held by The Getty Research Institute.
Provenance:
Donated 1971-1977 by Barbara Rose.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Barbara Rose papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Lectures
Citation:
Barbara Rose papers, 1962-circa 1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rosebarb
See more items in:
Barbara Rose papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosebarb

Walter Darby Bannard : artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-2016  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF000146
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_136852

[Walter Darby Bannard: miscellaneous uncataloged material]

Author:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Physical description:
folders ; 25 x 38 cm
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Vertical files
Call number:
VF-- Bannard, Walter Darby
Restrictions & Rights:
FOLDER(S) DO NOT CIRCULATE . FOLDER(S) AVAILABLE FOR USE ONLY AT BRANCH LIBRARIES.
Photocopies of items in the folder(s) are available upon request, subject to fees and other current copyright guidelines for reproduction.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_725153

Jules Olitski : new paintings / essay by Darby Bannard

Title:
Olitski
New paintings
Author:
Olitski, Jules 1922-2007  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
University of Miami New Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Olitski, Jules 1922-2007  Search this
Physical description:
[9] p. : ill ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1994
Topic:
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Call number:
ND237.O52 A4 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_833432

Michael Steiner

Author:
Steiner, Michael 1945-  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Meredith Long Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Steiner, Michael 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : chiefly ill. ; cm. ; 22 x 28 cm. ;
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1981
[1981?]
Call number:
NB237.S58 A4 1981
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_840290

Contemporary American artists : [exhibition] Cleveland Museum of Art, December 18 through February 10, 1974, Walter Darby Bannard ---{et al.]

Author:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Cleveland Museum of Art  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1974
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
N6512 .C582
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_636915

Walter Darby Bannard : an exhibition / organized by Terry Fenton

Author:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Fenton, Terry  Search this
Edmonton Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934- Exhibitions  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934- Expositions  Search this
Physical description:
[14] p. : chiefly ill. ; 19 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
Call number:
ND237.B24 A4 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_644321

Made in America : April 5-June 11, 1989 : exhibition / organized by Jane Kessler and June Lambla

Author:
Kessler, Jane  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Sims, Lowery Stokes  Search this
Lambla, June  Search this
Virginia Beach Center for the Arts  Search this
Physical description:
34 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1989
C1989
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
N6512 .K47 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_521090

Walter Darby Bannard. Introd. and an interview with the artist by Jane Harrison Cone

Author:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Cone, Jane Harrison  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
High Museum of Art  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston  Search this
Subject:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Physical description:
72 p. illus. (part col.) 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[1973]
Call number:
ND237.B24 A57X
N40.1.B218 B19
ND237.B24A57X
N40.1.B218B19
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_38357

Hans Hofmann : a retrospective exhibition, cosponsored by the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, October 14, 1976-January 2, 1977, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, February 4-April 3, 1977 / by Walter Darby Bannard

Author:
Hofmann, Hans 1880-1966  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston  Search this
Subject:
Hofmann, Hans 1880-1966  Search this
Physical description:
128 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
C1976
Call number:
N40.1.H73B2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_94452

Water spirals : Carol Sutton

Title:
Carol Sutton, water spirals & aqua nebula : November 19 - December 8, 1983
Water spirals & aqua nebula
Author:
Sutton, Carol 1945-  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Gallery One (Toronto, Ont.)  Search this
Subject:
Sutton, Carol 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
1 fold. sheet ([6] p.). : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1983
1983]
Call number:
ND237.S88 A4 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_945704

You are cordially invited to the opening exhibition of the Tibor de Nagy Gallery : showing paintings by Walter Darby Bannard and sculptures by Peter Reginato, on Thursday, November 29

Author:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Reginato, Peter 1945-  Search this
Tibor de Nagy Gallery (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Subject:
Bannard, Walter Darby 1934-  Search this
Reginato, Peter 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
1 brochure ([6] p.) : 1 col. ill. ; 14 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1973
[1973?]
Call number:
ND237.B24 A4 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_990211

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By