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Benny Goodman on clarinet rehearsing at Cafe Society Uptown, NYC., 1947

Created by:
Gjon Mili, Albanian-American, 1904 - 1984  Search this
Subject of:
Benny Goodman, American, 1909 - 1986  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image and Sheet): 13 3/8 x 10 5/8 in. (34 x 27 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1947
Topic:
African American  Search this
Band (Music)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.53.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Time Inc All Rights Reserved.. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.53.1

Music at the Dell

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Sigmund Romberg, 29 Jul 1887 - 9 Nov 1951  Search this
Lucky Armstrong, 1850 - 1950?  Search this
Harry Armstrong, 1850 - 1950?  Search this
William Christopher Handy, 16 Nov 1873 - 28 Mar 1958  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II, 12 Jul 1895 - 23 Aug 1960  Search this
Medium:
Ink over pencil with opaque white on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 27.9 × 34 cm (11 × 13 3/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1945
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Conductor's baton  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Male  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Literature\Writer\Librettist  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lucky Armstrong: Male  Search this
Harry Armstrong: Male  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Male  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rhythm and Blues  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Blues  Search this
Sigmund Romberg: Male  Search this
Sigmund Romberg: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.84.62
Restrictions & Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.84.62

[Parade along Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 61
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Pennsylvania Avenue (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Scope and Contents:
Men in military uniforms precede a marching band.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Parades -- 1940-1950  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref1926
Additional Online Media:

[Military band] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Eastman Kodak Company (film manufacturer)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 8" x 10".)
Container:
Box 63
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
No ink on negative. Group portrait of a military band with Christmas tree in the background. Red coloring added to some musicians' faces to decrease contrast in final print. "KODAK - SAFETY - FILM 61" edge imprint. No Scurlock number.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Christmas trees  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Portraits, Group -- African Americans  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref2076
Additional Online Media:

International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection

Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Newspaper clippings
Books
Publicity photographs
Photographs
Date:
1933-2010
bulk 1939-1946
Summary:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection focuses on the all-female, racially and ethnically diverse big band group that started in 1937 and disbanded in 1949. The collection contains news clippings, photographs, correspondence, ephemera from USO travels, and newsletters. Also included are books related to the group, as well as a tribute CD and a 33 rpm vinyl sound recording.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs and news clippings documenting the International Sweethearts Band of Rhythm's performances, rehearsals, and travels. It also includes tribute materials to the band, including books and audio CDs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Piney Woods School, 1937-1944

Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials, 1933-2005

Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials, 1935-1951
Biographical / Historical:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm were a racially and ethnically mixed swing band, all of whose members were women. They were organized in 1937 by Laurence Clifton Jones, who started the Piney Woods School near Jackson, Mississippi. He formed the band from students at Piney Woods and the band toured to raise money for the school, performing at fairs, dance halls, churches, and theaters. In 1939, the band began to tour outside of Mississippi and traveled across the American South and Midwest. In 1941 they separated from Piney Woods, started out on their own as professional musicians and relocated to Arlington, Virginia. While in Arlington, the band recruited professional musicians to replace the underage students who stayed in school. The band's venues included the Apollo Theatre and Savoy Ballroom in New York and the Howard Theatre in Washington DC They performed frequently at military bases and were quite popular during World War II. In response to requests from GIs serving overseas, the Sweethearts undertook a six month tour of Europe starting in July 1945. The tour was supported by the United Service Organization (USO) Camp Shows. The band played in Paris, France and throughout Germany, including the cities of Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Munich, and Mannheim. The group disbanded in 1949, but reunited for a reunion in 1980 at the Third Annual Women's Jazz Festival in Kansas City.

Rosalin Cron was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1925 and began playing music at nine years old. She joined the band in 1943 and primarly played the alto saxophone, but was also trained to play the clarinet and flute. Cron was a part of the overseas tour. She was with the band until 1946. Dixie Hardy Moon is the niece of founder Laurence Clifton Jones. Catherine (Cathy) Hughes, was born in 1947 in Omaha, Nebraska. She is the granddaughter of founder Laurence Clifton Jones and her mother, Helen Jones, played the trombone with the Sweethearts. Hughes is considered a media pioneer and founder of Radio One/TV One.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by Rosalind Cron.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Female (Musical group)  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Big band music  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Books -- 20th century
Publicity photographs
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1218
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1218
Additional Online Media:

[To Laurence C. Jones] [typescript letter]

Author:
Jung, J. Porter  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.3".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Typescripts
Letters (correspondence)
Place:
Minnesota
Winona (Minn.)
Scope and Contents:
Cover Letter to AC1218-0000013 (Testimony on International Sweethearts of Rhythm from Interstate Orchestra Exchange in Winona, Minnesota); written on February 1, 1940 from L. Porter Jung, manager of Interstate Orchestra Exchange.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000014.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts -- 1940-1950
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref649

[Article from Chicago Defender] [clipping]

Publisher:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, mounted on scrapbook page., 11.3" x 9.7".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
Clipping from Chicago Defender, Feb. 3, 1940 and again in Feb. 10, 1940 Photo title: "Sweetheart Saxophonists". Caption: "Here are the Snyder sisters, Lucy and Ernestine, who are sensations in the International Sweethearts of Rhtyhm orchestra, now on a nation-wide tour." Photographer Stamp: Teal photo. Page originally in scrapbook (back side of AC1218-0000018).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000019.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref654

[Newspaper clippings (3) from Chicago Defender.]

Photographer:
Teal Studio (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Names:
Rothchild, Bernice  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Florida -- 1930-1940 -- Photographs
Scope and Contents:
"Plays Bass" March 23, 1940--photo of Bernice Rothchild playing bass. Photographer stamp: Teal photo. "'Sweethearts' Please Swing Fans in Fla." March 23, 1940. "Sweethearts of Rhythm Score On Annual Tour" Aug. 3, 1940. Page originally in scrapbook (verso of AC1218-0000023).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000024.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Bass violin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Photomechanical reproductions.
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref659

Swinging Rays of Rhythm [single scrapbook page with newspaper clippings on both sides]

Author:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Creator:
Oklahoma Eagle (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.5" x 9.8".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 14
Culture:
African Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Advertisements
Scope and Contents:
Obverse: Newspaper clippings, undated, advertisements for The Swinging Rays of Rhythm performance at Moana Ballroom.
Verso: Newspaper clippings (2l) about The Swinging Rays of Rhythm. "All Girl Dance Band To Play Dance at the Moana Ballroom", Oklahoma Eagle, August 30, 1941. "Part of Famous Band" Chicago Defender, Sept. 20, 1941 (photo of Sammy Lee, Myrtle and Estelle, with caption).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000032.tif (AC Scan No.)

AC1218-0000033.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
African American musicians  Search this
Topic:
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Advertisements -- 1940-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref665

Sweethearts [sic] Band Scores, [clipping]

Publisher:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, mounted on scraobook page., 11.6" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 15
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Date:
March 29, 1941
Scope and Contents:
Page originally in scrapbook (backside of AC1218-0000034).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000035.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref667

[Scrapbook page with clippings.]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Names:
Cortez, Alma  Search this
Lee (Wong), Willie Mae  Search this
Saine, Helen  Search this
Zorina, Senorita  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 9.5" x 11.3".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
Recto: Newspaper clipping from Pittsburgh Courier, December 21, 1940: "They've a Fan in Every Port...These Sweethearts of Rhythm". Girls pictured, L to R: Alma Cortez, Helen Saine, Irene and Ione (twins), Willie Le Wong (also Willie Mae Wong) and Senorita Zorina.
Verso: Four newspaper clippings from Chicago Defender: "'Sweetheart'" picturing Willie Lee Wong (aka Willie Mae Wong), December 21, 1940, "The 'Sweethearts of Rhythm' After Record," December 28 (21?), 1940, "The Sweethearts of Rhythm In Triumphs," December 28, 1940, "'Sweethearts': The All-Girls Band Set For New Laurels During 1941 Season," January 25, 1941.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000036.tif (AC Scan No.: recto)

AC1218-0000037.tif (AC Scan No.: verso)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref668
Additional Online Media:

Piney Woods Co-Eds Win Praise as "Sweethearts of Rhythm' of the South" [clipping]

Publisher:
Pittsburgh Courier (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.3" x 9.8".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Date:
[undated, probably ca. 1940]
Scope and Contents:
Side 1: Page originally in scrapbook (other side: AC1218-0000040).
Verso: Newspaper clipping, printed before their music was heard on KGFJ's "Gold Hour", with photo of the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, and a caption describing their diversity: "a Chinese saxophone player, a Hawaiian trumpet player..." , undated.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000039.tif (AC Scan No. side 1.)

AC1218-0000040.tif (AC Scan No., verso)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref670
Additional Online Media:

International Sweethearts Making Sensational Hit On Midwest Tour. [Newspaper clipping]

Author:
Thompson, John  Search this
Creator:
Atlanta Daily World (newspaper)  Search this
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Names:
Bronze Play Girls (musical group  Search this
Audley, Virginia  Search this
Bailey, Bernice  Search this
Blueitt, Estella  Search this
Carter, Lillian R.  Search this
Dunn, Thelma  Search this
Jones, Helen  Search this
Moore, Elenor  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 14.8" x 11.7" (12" x 10 on other side?).)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Photographs
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
Side 1: "Piney Woods Band Turns 'Em Away," Atlanta Daily World, by John Thompson. "''Bronze Play Girls" [another all-female band] Here Monday For Benefit Dance,'" Friday, November 21, 1941 (newspaper heading not shown). Clippings mounted on scrapbook page.
Verso: "Famed All-Girls' Band Visits in Chicago," clipping from Chicago Defender, Saturday, November 22, 1941. Photo depicts: Virginia Audley, Bernice Bailey, Elenor Moore, Thelma Dunn (standing L to R) and Helen Jones--misprint? (actual name written in pencil), Estella Blueitt, Lillian Carter (seated left to right).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000041.tif (AC Scan No., side 1)

AC1218-0000042.tif (AC Scan No., side 2)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Reproductions
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref671
Additional Online Media:

[Four newspaper clippings on scrapbook page.]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.4" (?) x 10".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Clippings
Scope and Contents:
"Here's How The Bands Finished Popularity Race," Chicago Defender, December 7, 1940 (Sweethearts ranked 11 with 60,700 votes) . "'Sweethearts': That Is What Bookies Call Famous 'Sweethearts of Rhythm,'" Chicago Defender, December 12, 1940. "'Sweethearts': It's Those 'Sweethearts of Rhythm' An All-Girl Band Again," Chicago Defender, Jan. 11, 1941, by Marian Robinson "To Our 'Sweetheart' Fans from Coast to Coast," Pittsburgh Courier, January 4, 1941--Sweethearts wishing a Happy New Year, with booking information on bottom of clip. Page originally in scrapbook (attached to other pages, which do not open successfully).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000043.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref672

[Five newspaper clippings on scrapbook page.]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Names:
Braddy, Pauline  Search this
Sims, J.B.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.3" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
"'Round the Blocks' with J. B. Sims," The Weekly Review, Birmingham, Alabama--about Piney Woods in general and mentions Sweethearts. "Sweethearts of Rhythm Score Hit in Florida," Chicago Defender, January 18, 1941. "Drummer Gal," Pittsburgh Courier, January 25, 1941, showing photo of Pauline Braddy. "Route of the Sweethearts of Rhythm," Pittsburgh Courier, February 8, 1941--tour schedule. "'Sweethearts of Rhythm' Pause After Long Trip," Chicago Defender, March 3, 1941 (took a break after "the death of one of their members, Mrs. Lucy Adams") . Page originally in scrapbook (other side: AC1218-0000045).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000044.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref673

[Newspaper clippings on scrapbook page.]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Creator:
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11.6" x 9.9".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Scope and Contents:
Clippings mounted on scrapbook page. "Sweethearts of Rhythm to Play for Florida's Sugar Cane Ball," Pittsburgh Courier, January 25, 1941. "The 'Sweethearts of Rhythm' Take Florida," Chicago Defender, February 8, 1941. "The Sensation of Swing's Main Stem," The Chicago Defender, February 8, 1941; photo included of the Sweethearts sitting on the floor. Page originally from scrapbook (other side: AC1218-0000044).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000045.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Newspaper clippings
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref674

Thurs. / Sept. 19th / SOUTHERN CLUB / EMPORIA, VA. / Amusement Enterprises Presents / America's Greatest Female Band / The International Sweethearts of Rhythm. [black and white poster with three images, halftone reproductions of photographs]

Collector:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Photographer:
Teal Studio (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Names:
Rice, Johnnie Mae  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper,., 11.7" x 10.1".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 22
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Photographs
Halftones
Scrapbooks
Scope and Contents:
Recto: Undated. Related Versions: AC1218-0000023, AC1218-0000027, AC1218-0000030, AC1218-0000031. Mounted on scrapbook page.
Verso: Two Newspaper clippings from The Louisville Defender, June 22, 1940. "Sweethearts of Rhythm" and "'Sweetheart' Swing Pianist"---photo of Miss Johnnie Mae Rice (publicity photo in folder 2). Photographer stamp: Teal photo.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000046.tif (AC Scan No.: recto)

AC1218-0000047.tif (AC Scan No.: verso)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Reproductions
Halftones
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref675
Additional Online Media:

Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection

Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Packages
Diaries
Place:
Racine (Wis.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
1942-1948, 1991-1993
Scope and Contents:
Includes 7 VHS videotapes and 1 audio tape produced by Florice Whyte Kovan, containing interviews and recollections by some band members. Studio portraits and snapshot photographs in 3 scrapbooks, which also contain display advertisements and newspaper clippings from about the band, 1940s. Snapshots include documentation of the band's travels and leisure activities while on the road, including swimming, horseback riding, etc. Packaged hotel soap bars collected by Betty Hansen during the bands' touring documents their itinerary, as do picture postcards written by Alice Smaus Jacoby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Unmounted snapshots

Series 2: Scrapbooks

Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's postcards

Series 4: Packaged soap samples

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials

Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints

Series 7: Oversized Photoprints

The scrapbook pages are arranged in original order, apparently partly chronological, but series 1 snapshots are in topical order.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded 1942 in Racine, Wis., by Virgil Whyte, his "all-girl" band was composed of young Racine women. Whyte was instructor, manager, and the initial leader on drums; later his sister Alice took over as drummer. After initial success in Racine and elsewhere in Wisconsin, the band began to accept engagements in other parts of the country, eventually touring the U.S. The band's success drew other acts and performers, including Jill Fontaine and the Wilford Mae Trio, Sam Hearn (known as "Schlepperman"), the Woodson Sisters, and Paul La Verre and Bro. They did U.S.O. tours, entertaining servicemen.

The principal donor, a free-lance researcher and writer, is the daughter of Virgil Whyte.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Florice Kovan, 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Travel photography -- 1940-1950 -- U.S.  Search this
Barracks -- 1940-1950  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Horseback riding -- 1940-1950  Search this
Tap dancers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Comedians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Band music -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Musicians  Search this
Horses -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Beaches -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming pools -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz -- 1940-1950  Search this
Portraits -- Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap -- Packaged
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Packages
Diaries
Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0503
Additional Online Media:

Evelyn / Kassel, Germany [member of the "Sweethearts", Nov. 23, 1945. Black and white photoprint]

Collector:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Photographer:
Reed, John E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 10" x 8".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Glamour portrait, autographed "To 'Roz' / I shall never forget / you and your fine / sax playing with the / "Sweethearts" -- also our / tour in Europe, remember? Vocally, / Evelyn, / Kassel, Germany / Nov. 23 - 45". John E. Reed, Hollywood, photographer.
Arrangement:
Series #2: Rosalind "Roz" Cron, Box No. 1, folder no. ?
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000063.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Glamour photography -- 1920-1970  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref596

[Members of the "Sweethearts" in performance] [black-and-white photoprint]

Collector:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
California -- 1940-1950
Scope and Contents:
Three saxophone playiers in bottom row, three trombonists in top row. Rosalind "Roz" Cron sitting in the bottom row on the left. On verso: "This is really a shot of our old trombone section made in the Club Plantation, Culver City, CA, in May, 1944. The band was really jumping at the time. We three saxes are not supposed to be seen -- so overlook us. Since then, we have added a white girl to the Bone section -- which makes it a section of 4." / "Supposed to be short of 3 trombones".
Arrangement:
Series #2: Rosalind "Roz" Cron, Box No.1, folder no. ?
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000064.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Trombone  Search this
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref597

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