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Chief Wets It, Assinaboine, No. 1120

Collection Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic Print
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photos
Photographic Prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of delegate Chief Wets It [Wetsit, ca. 1852-ca. 1910; Assiniboine (Stoney)] in traditional clothing. Photographed at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.118, Item P28467
See more items in:
U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-118-ref7

Chief Wets It, Assinaboine, No. 1120

Collection Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of delegate Chief Wetsit [Assiniboine (Stoney)]. Photographed at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289, Item 289_pht_002_001
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-289-ref7

Cloud Man, Assinaboines, No. 744

Collection Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Full length studio portrait of Assiniboine (Stoney) delegate Cloud Man (1868-ca. 1938), in traditional clothing and posing in front of a painted backdrop. Photographed by Frank Rinehart or his assistant Adolph Muhr at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.119, Item P27519
See more items in:
Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-119-ref41

Kill Spotted Horse, Assiniboines, No. 746

Collection Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Studio portrait of Assiniboine (Stoney) delegate Kill Spotted Horse (or Kills Spotted Horse) wearing traditional clothing including a feathered headdress. Photographed by Frank Rinehart or his assistant Adolph Muhr at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, 1898.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.119, Item P27489
See more items in:
Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-119-ref9

U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album

Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear Feet
18 Photographic Prints
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic Prints
Photographs
Photograph albums
Date:
1898
Summary:
This photograph album contains 18 photographic portraits of American Indian delegates at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898. Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr's photographs of the Exposition are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 18 photographs arranged in an album. The photographs depict portraits of American Indians delegates at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition held in Omaha, Nebraska, between June 1 and October 31, 1898. During the Congress, Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and/or his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913) photographed more than 500 delegates and groups representing the estimated thirty-five tribes represented at the Exposition.

The photographs that Rinehart and Muhr shot during the Exposition depict the largest gathering of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century. This collection contains only 18 of the hundreds of photographs that Rinehart and Muhr shot at the event.

The photographers assigned the photograph titles.
Biographical / Historical:
The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair.

James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). Rinehart shot the majority of the outdoor battles, dance scenes, and events, while Muhr photographed the majority of the delegate portraits. Rinehart copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899 and 1900. The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.
Related Materials:
The Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas has a large collection of Frank Rinehart photographs from U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including the original glass plate negatives.

The National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center also holds other photographs shot by Rinehart and Muhr at Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including collection NMAI.AC.119.
Provenance:
Donated by Margaret Cross in 2001.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photograph albums
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.118
See more items in:
U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-118
Additional Online Media:

Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs

Creator:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
56 Photographic prints
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
1898-1901
Summary:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs were shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898 and the Greater America Exposition, 1899, both held in Omaha, Nebraska.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 44 photographs in a photo album and 12 loose prints that depict American Indian leaders circa 1898 to 1901. The bulk of the photographs depict photographic portraits and scenes of sham battles shot at the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, from June 1 to October 31, 1898. Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and his assistant Adolph F. Muhr were the official photographers. During the Indian Congress they photographed more than 500 individuals and groups representing the estimated thirty-six tribes represented at the Exposition. Rinehart shot the majority of the outdoor battles, dance scenes, and events, while Muhr photographed the majority of the delegate portraits. Rinehart copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899 and 1900.

Other photographs in this collection are photographic portraits of American Indian leaders that were photographed by Herman Heyn and James Matzen at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha in 1899. Heyn copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899.

Finally, the collection also contains 7 loose photomechanical prints depicting portraits by photographer William Henry Jackson. These prints were colorized and published under Jackson's company the Detroit Photographic Co. Other loose color photomechanical prints include portraits shot by photographer William H. Rau (1855-1920) for the Chicago Inter-Ocean Newspaper in 1901.

The photograph titles were assigned by the photographers.
Arrangement:
The photographs in the album are in original order. The loose prints are organized into 3 folders.
Biographical / Historical:
Byron Harvey, III (1932-2005) was an anthropologist and collector specializing in southwestern American Indian tribes. He was the great-grandson of Frederick Harvey, best known as the founder of the Fred Harvey Company that ran a successful chain of gift shops, restaurants, and hotels known as Harvey Houses. The Company also amassed a collection of American Indian art and sold many collections to museums including the Museum of the American Indian (NMAI's predecessor museum).

The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair. James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.

After the Trans-Mississippi Exposition ended, the Greater America Exposition opened on the same fair grounds from July 1, 1899 to October 31, 1899. Herman Heyn and James Matzen won the contract to be the official photographer of the new Exposition. This Exposition featured many of the same buildings and set up as the Trans-Mississippi Exposition of the previous year.
Related Materials:
The Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas has a large collection of Frank Rinehart photographs from U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including the original glass plate negatives.

The National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center also holds other photographs shot by Rinehart and Muhr at Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, including collection NMAI.AC.118.
Provenance:
Donated by Byron Harvey, III in 1966.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Greater America Exposition (1899 : Omaha, Neb.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.119
See more items in:
Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-119
Additional Online Media:

Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection

Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
43 Photographic prints
0.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Date:
1882-1913
Summary:
This collection consists of 43 photographic prints of Native American peoples from throughout North America. Dating from 1882 to 1913, the images in this collection document a variety of Native American communities and events, including the U.S. Indian Congress which took place at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. Photographers include Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, and Roland W. Reed, as well as a series of images by an unknown photographer who also documented American Indian life.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection consists of 43 photographic prints of Native American peoples at the turn of the twentieth century. Dating from 1882 to 1913, the images in this collection document a variety of Native American communities and events, including the U.S. Indian Congress which took place at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. This exposition, also referred to as the 1898 World's Fair, was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June through October, 1898. Attending the U.S. Indian Congress at the fair were over 500 American Indian delegates representing more than 35 Native communities from throughout the United States.

In addition to the Rinehart and Muhr 1898 photographs are also a number of staged portrait images created by Roland W. Reed in the early decades of the twentieth century. Traveling throughout the U.S. West and Canada, Reed photographed Native communities ranging from Minnesota to Montana and Canada, and extending to Arizona in the Southwest U.S.

This collection also consists of 18 photographs contemporary to those of Rinehart and Reed, dating approximately 1882 – 1904. The photographer(s) of these images is unknown. Although specific communities are not identified, many images appear to portray Northern Plains and Central Plains American Indian peoples.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series, organized by photographer, and then regionally by location or culture group. Series 1: Frank A. Rinehart photographs, Series 2: Roland W. Reed photographs, Series 3: Unknown photographer
Biographical / Historical:
Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) was born in Illinois, opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska in 1885 or 1886, and is best known for his work as the official photographer of the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha. In addition to portrait photographs of Native American delegates attending the U.S. Indian Congress of 1898, Rinehart as official exposition photographer also documented the broader exhibits and events that took place at the 1898 Omaha World's Fair.

Adolph R. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913) worked as Frank A. Rinehart's assistant at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, creating a photographic record of the events and attendees. While Rinehart documented many of the outdoor sham-battles, dance scenes, and other events related to the U.S. Indian Congress, Muhr was responsible for the majority of the posed delegate portraits. Muhr in later years worked with photographer Edward S. Curtis in Seattle, until Muhr's death in 1913.

Roland W. Reed (1864-1934) was born in Wisconsin, and is best known for traveling widely throughout the western United States and Canada, photographing Native American communities. Having apprenticed with photographer Daniel Dutro in 1890s Montana, Reed later ran photography studios in both Ortonville and Bemidji, Minnesota in the early 1900s. Over the next few decades he continued to document the lives and cultures of Native peoples, opening photography studios in Kalispell, Montana in 1909, and later in San Diego, California in 1915. Many of Reed's photographs are clearly staged, representing romanticized and stereotyped images of what Reed believed Native American life to be. He died in Colorado in 1934.
Related Materials:
The NMAI Archive Center collections also include an album of 18 photographic prints of Frank A. Rinehart's U.S. Indian Congress images: U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album, NMAI.AC.118.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by the Dakota County Historical Society, South St. Paul, MN, in 2013.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-289
Additional Online Media:

Florence Pulford collection

Creator:
Pulford, Florence  Search this
Names:
Jackson, Almira, 1917-2004  Search this
Extent:
722 Photographic prints
458 slides (photographs)
2580 negatives (photographic)
65 sound cassettes
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Sound cassettes
Photographs
Slides
Audiocassettes
Negatives
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Fort Berthold Indian Reservation (N.D.)
Fort Peck Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Rocky Boy's Reservation (Mont.)
Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Fort Yates (N.D.)
Date:
1993
1968-1989
undated
Summary:
The Florence Pulford collection includes both audio recordings and photographs that were made during the twenty years Pulford worked among Native American quilt makers in the 1970's and 1980's from Montana and the Dakotas. Quilt makers featured in this collection include; Ella First Kill Brown, Frances Weasel Woman Fox, Artie Crazy Bull, Almira Buffalo Bone Jackson and Regina Brave Bull.
Scope and Contents:
The Florence Pulford collection includes both audio recordings and photographs that were made during the twenty years Pulford worked among Native American quilt makers from Montana and the Dakotas. The bulk of the audio recordings, comprising of 65 audiocassettes, are interviews Pulford conducted with Native quilt makers on the Fort Peck and Fort Belknap reservations. Many of the interviews are with quiltmaker Almira Buffalo Bone Jackson and artisan Juanita Tucker. Topics range from the craft of quilt making to life and politics on the reservation. The photographs, which include negatives, slides and prints, contain images of quilts and quilt makers from the Fort Belknap, Fort Berthold, Fort Peck, Rocky Boys and Standing Rock reservations. Quilt makers include; Ella First Kill Brown, Frances Weasel Woman Fox, Artie Crazy Bull, Almira Buffalo Bone Jackson and Regina Brave Bull. Although the majority of the photographs depict quilts or quilt making, there are images of various landscapes and events Pulford visited as well as photographs of Pulford herself.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged into two series, Series 1:Audiocassettes, 1978-1985, and Series 2:Photographs, 1968-1989. Series 2 is then divided into six subseries; Subseries 2a: Fort Belknap Reservation, Subseries 2b: Fort Berthold Reservation, Subseries 2c: Fort Peck Reservation, Subseries 2d: Rocky Boys Reservation, Subseries 2e: Standing Rock (Fort Yates) Reservation, Subseries 2f: Unidentified and Other.
Biographical / Historical:
Florence Pulford, nee Atwood, was born in Idaho in 1923. Pulford eventually settled in California with her husband and daughters and frequented Bar 717, a camp and working ranch, located in the Trinity Mountains of Northern California. It was while working as the director of the arts and crafts program at the Bar 717 camp when she first became acquainted with Frank Ereaux (Gros Ventre) and his family in 1968. Ereaux who had been working with horses on the ranch, invited Pulford to visit his family on the Fort Belknap reservation in Montana. During this visit Pulford received a quilt as a gift which launched a life-long interest in the quilts of the Plains tribes. Pulford began buying fabric and materials in California to send back to Native artisans in Fort Belknap, Fort Peck and other Montana reservations. Eventually Pulford built relationships with quilters that spanned into North and South Dakota reservations including Fort Berthold and Standing Rock (Fort Yates). In addition to purchasing quilts, Pulford would often snap pictures and record audio interviews about life on the reservation. Pulford would also sell quilts, using the proceeds to buy more fabrics and sending the remaining profits to the quilters. Pulford became very friendly with several quilters but developed a particularly close relationship with Almira Buffalo Bone Jackson, a member of the Red Bottom band of the Fort Peck Assiniboine, and prolific quilter. Almira and Florence kept up a strong correspondence up until Florence's death in 1989 and the age of 65.

In addition to visiting and working with Native quilters, Pulford gave lectures and put together exhibitions on Native American quilt work in Montana and the Dakotas at major museums and universities. Pulford's book, Morning Star Quilts, was published in 1989 by Leone Publishing with assistance from Diana Leone. The book illustrates the work of individual quilt makers as well as highlights the cultural and ceremonial significance of quilts among the Plains peoples. Following Pulford's death, daughters Ann Wilson and Sarah Zweng offered their mothers quilt collection, as well as supporting photographs and audio recordings, to the National Museum of the American Indian. The collection was acquired by NMAI in 2007.
Separated Materials:
Florence Pulford's quilt collection is now a part of NMAI's Modern and Contemporary Arts collection with catalog numbers 26/6034-26/6391. For access and information about these quilts please contact NMAICollections@si.edu.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Ann Pulford Wilson and Sarah Pulford Zweng, daughters to Florence Pulford, in 2007.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indian quiltmakers -- Interviews  Search this
Indians of North America -- Montana -- Social life and customs  Search this
Indian quilts -- Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Dakota -- Social life and customs.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides
Audiocassettes
Negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Florence Pulford collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.027
See more items in:
Florence Pulford collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-027

Frank A. Rinehart photographs

Photographer:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Extent:
15 Photographic prints
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Photo-folder 2
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
This series contains 15 portrait photographs of various Native American men and women photographed by Adolph F. Muhr, under the direction of Frank A. Rinehart, at the 1898 Trans-Mississippi Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. Rinehart was the official photographer for this exposition, and as such, photographed a large number of Native American delegates who took part in the exposition's U.S. Indian Congress. The photographs that Rinehart and Muhr shot during the Exposition depict the largest gathering of American Indian leaders at the turn of the twentieth century.

Photograph titles were written by Rinehart and/or Muhr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition (1898 : Omaha, Neb.) -- Photographs  Search this
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection, NMAI.AC.289; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.289, Series 1
See more items in:
Frank A. Rinehart and Roland W. Reed photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-289-ref1

Sandhill crane and Mr. Winter = Pîyârin, othnî gichi / illustrated and compiled by Shirley Crawler, Mary Jane Chiniquay Jr., Elaine Twoyoungmen, John R. Twoyoungmen

Title:
Pîyârin, othnî gichi
Author:
Chiniquay, Mary Jane  Search this
Crawler, Shirley  Search this
Physical description:
10 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Folklore
Date:
1973
C1973
Topic:
Sandhill crane  Search this
Winter  Search this
Call number:
E99.A84 C34 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1034282

MS 4877 Photographs relating to various North American Indian tribes

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Does not include Hrdlicka's photographs from Alaska (including Eskimo) or his non-North American Indian photos.
Catalog Number 4877: Acoma "Acomita (1900)," handwritten on front of mount, (6 1/2" x 8") mounted Photographer: Ales Hrdlicka Date: 1900. "Acoma (1900)," handwritten on front of mount, (6 1/2" x 8") mounted Ales Hrdlicka 1900. Numbers written on front of prints: 4755, and 4757, appear to be negative numbers but were not found in MNH lab., as of July, 1970. Apach: (Folder 1): 28 Baker and Johnston prints, (3 duplicates), 19 with original numbers, 9 unnumbered. Quoted information printed or handwritten on mounts. Photographer: Baker & Johnston B & J #71 "Huera" Photographer: Baker & Johnston. B & J #72 "Tonse (Crawler)" Photographer: Baker & Johnston. B & J #73 "Counetza (Bummer)," (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston. Same as Negative Number 29,784. B & J #74 "Neschila (The Woman who winks) and two children" Baker & Johnston. B & J #75 "Gazie (Twisted) and two children" Baker & Johnston. B & J #76 "Marianetta" Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 29,778. B & J #77 "Taz-ayz-Slath and one child" Baker & Johnston. B & J "Tascelona" Baker & Johnston. B & J #79 "Ba-keitz-ogie (The Yellow Coyote) called Dutchy" Baker & Johnston See Negative Number 2575-R for different view. B & J #82 "Fel-ay-tay" Baker and Johnston. B & J #83 "Esh-kin-tsay-gizah (Mike)" Baker & Johnston. B & J #84 "Ba-cluth (Roaming Coyote)," (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 29,782. B & J #86 "Al-chi-say" (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston. B & J #88 "Yuma Apache scout" Baker & Johnston Negative Number 56,889. B & J #89 "Na-din-praquai-gizay" Baker & Johnston. B & J #90 "Group of prisoners" Baker & Johnston. "Apache said to be 115 years old" Baker & Johnston. "Apache Boys" Baker & Johnston. "Apache scouts" Baker & Johnston. "Mohave Apaches," 2 prints Baker & Johnston. "White Mountain Apache" Baker & Johnston. "General Crook, Al-chi-say and Dutchy" Baker & Johnston. "Captain Jack Crawford and Lieut. MacDonald" Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 46,503-A. (Folder 2) "Geronimo," handwritten on mount Photographer: A. Frank Randall (Baker & Johnston mount) Same as BAE Negative Number 2508. "Got-ha, WArm Spring Apache, Granfather of his tribe," apparently written on negative (7 1/2" x 4 1/2") mounted A. Frank Randall Sames as Negative Number BAE 2580-b-11. "Apache squaw with cradle," handwritten on back of mount, (6" x 4") mounted [A. Frank Randall ?] See Negative Number BAE 2575-q for a different view. "Natz Chi Verat," handwritten on back of mount, (6" x 4") mounted H. S. Poley. "Chigo [Chiquito] and his wife, Pinal Apache," apparently written on negative, (5 3/4" x 4") mounted C. M. Bell Same as BAE Negative Number 2553-b. "Grey Eagle, Apache," apparently written on negative, (5 3/4 x 4") mounted C. M. Bell Same as BAE Negative Number 31,383-F (cropped). "White Mountain Apache children asleep and awake," handwritten on back of mount, (6" x 4") mounted See Negative Number 2580-b-13 for different view. "Polly, Mohave Apache squaw-'69," handwritten in ink on print, (6" x 4") mounted. [Models of Apache man and woman for museum display], (8" X 6") mounted. 3 pen and ink drawings of Apache men, one of which appears to be Gerinimo, (various sizes) Artist: B. E.
Catalog Number 4877: Apache: Jicarilla (folder 3) 6 prints, (8" x 6") mounted. Individual portraits of Jicarilla Apache men. Numbers written on front of prints: 4555-57, 4561, 4569, appear to be negative numbers, but were not found in MNH lab., as of July, 1970 Photographer: Ales Hrdlicka Date: 1900-1905]-Approximate date taken from Ales Hrdlicka, "Notes on the San Carlos Apache," American Anthropologist, n.s., volume 7, number 3, 1905, page 480. Apache: Lipan, Mescalero "Lipan tends (Mescal Resrv.)," 2 prints, (3 1/2" x 4 3/4") mounted Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905] Negative Number 34,156-K J. "Grandmother with a scowling granddaughter," 2 prints, (4 1/4" x 3 1/2") mounted Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905]. 22 prints, (various sizes) mounted, including: "Mescalero school girls;" and individual and group portraits of men and girls. Numbers written on front of prints: 4540, [4545], 4546, 4550, 4552, appear to be negative numbers, but were not found in MNH lab., as of July, 1970 Negative Number BAE 2575-C same as Hrdlicka 4545. Apache: San Carlos "San Carlos Apache flute," (3" x 9 1/2") mounted. Reproduced in Ales Hrdlicka, "Notes on the San Carlos Apache," American Anthropologist, n. s. volume 7, number 3, 1905, plate 31 Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905] "Children's graves, San Carlos Apache," 2 prints, (2 1/2" x 3 3/4") mounted. Reproduced in Ales Hrdlicka, NOtes on the San CArlos Apache," American Anthropologist, n. s., volume 7, number 3, 1905, plate 32 Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905] "Children's graves, San Carlos Apache," 2 prints, (2 1/2" x 3 3/4") mounted Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905] Negative Number 34,156- C D. "San Carlos Apache graves (in talus)," 2 prints, (2 1/2" x 3 3/4") mounted. Top picture reproduced in Ales Hrdlicka, "Notes on the San CArlos Apache," American Anthropologist, n. s. volume 7, number 3, 1905, plate 32 Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905]. "San Carlos Apache dwellings (near Rice school)," 3 prints, (various sizes) mounted. Top two pictures reproduced in Ales Hrdlicka, "Notes on the San Carlos Apache," American Anthropologist, n.s. volume7, number 3, 1905, plate 30. 23 prints, (various sizes) mounted, including: "Apache dwellings;" and individual and group portraits of Apache men and women. Original numbers 12, 14, 18, 22, 36, 46, 52, 66, 72; numbers written on front of prints: 4499, 4501, 4504, 4506, 4509-13, 4515, 4519, 4523-27, 4529, appear to be negative nimbers, but were not found in MNH lab., as of July, 1970. Apache: White Mountain and White River (folder 5): 30 prints, (2 duplicates), (various sizes) mounted. Individual and group portraits of men, women and children, including: "John Riley, White Mountain (Arizona) Apache (1900)," (1 duplicate); "White Mountain (Arizona) Apache woman making a basket." Original numbers 95, and 117, and numbers written on front of prints: 4429, 4431, 4433-35, 4437 (1 duplicate), 4439 (1 duplicate), 4440, 4442-43, 4445-49, 4452, 4455, 4457-58, 4463, 4466, 4472, 4474, 4477-78, 4533-34, 4542, appear to be negative numbers, but were not found in the MNH lab., as of July, 1970. Two prints reproduced in Ales Hrdlicka, Beauty among the American Indians," Boas Anniversary Volume, New York, 1906, plates 4 and 6. "Kumbata, White River Apache, age 65 y., Measurement #72 in Hrdlicka's notebook," hand written on back of mount, (8" x 6") mounted Ales Hrdlicka [1900-1905]. Arapaho: 16 Baker & Johnston prints, 15 with original numbers, 1 unnumbered: B & J #36 Photographer: Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 42,017 D. B & J #38 (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston. B & J # 39 (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston Same as NEgative NUmber 29,779. B & J #44 Baker & Johnston. B & J #45 Baker & Johnston. B & J #47 (?) (1 duplicate) Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 29,785. B & J #48 (?) Baker & Johnston Same as Negative Number 42,017B. B & J #49 Baker & Johnston. B & J #50 Baker & JOhnston Same as Negative Number 42,021B. B & J #51 Baker & Johnston. B & J #52 Baker & Johnston. B & J #52 Baker & Johnston. B & J #53 "Arapahoes" Baker & Johnston. "Little Raven, Arapaho," written on negative C. M. Bell Negative Number BAE 148-a-1 and 2. Assiniboin "Stoney Indian Girl, #528," written on negative; "Sioux linguist family," handwritten on front of postcard Byron [M]armon, Banff, Canada. "Stoney Indian and squaw, #506," written on negative; "Canadian Rockies- Sioux Family," handwritten on front of postcard Byron [H]armon, Banff, Canada. Bannock "Bannock (bust) Ya'Mu' (age 84)," handwritten on back of mounted print; 2 prints (front and profile) A. Hrdlicka 1912 Negative Number BAE 1708a; BAE 1708b. "A Family of Sheepeater Bannocks," printed on negative C. M. Bell mount Negative Number BAE 1713, credited to W. H. Jackson, 1871.
Catalog Number 4877: Blackfoot Group of 7 snapshots and 1 duplicate, some mounted, some originally in brown Smithsonian envelope marked, "Photograophs of Blackfoot Indians at Union Station Plaza, Washington, D. C., 1922." Date may be incorrectly given, as all Indians in first five prints may be identified by individual Bureau of American Ethnology portraits taken by D. L. Gill in Washington, D. C., in 1923. All identification will read left to right as follows: Group of Indians in outdoors, in street dress; back row: Charles Iron-Breast (BAE 415-A), Owen Heavy-Breast (BAE 420-a); second row: Chief Bird-Rattler (BAE 398-a); Chief Yellow-Kidney (BAE 392-a), Aims-Back (BAE 404-A), Joe Heavy-Breast (BAE 419-a), front: Julia Wades-in-Water (BAE 397-A), Mrs Yelllow Kidney (BAE 417-a), Mrs Aims-Back (BAE 405-a), Mrs After-Bird-Rattler (BAE 413) or Mrs Heavy-Breast (BAE 421-a). [subject wears same belt as subject in BAE 413-a, but different dress.] Photographer: [A. Hrdlicka ?] Date: [1923 ?]. (2) Group of Indians sitting on steps of Union Station Plaza; back row: Joe Heavy Breast (BAE 419 a), Mrs Walks in Water (BAE 395-a), Mrs Minnie Aims-Back (BAE 405-a), Mrs After-Bird-Rattler (BAE 413-a), Mrs Heavy- Breast (BAE 421-a), Mrs Julia Wades-in-Water (BAE 397-a); second row: Charles Iron-Breast (BAE 415-A), Aims-Back (BAE 404 A), Chief Bird-Rattler (BAE 398-a), Chief Yellow Kidney (BAE 392), Wades-in water (BAE 396-a); front: child, Owen Heavy-Breast (BAE 40-a), Two-Guns White Calf (BAE 412 A). (3) Indian, probably Two-Guns White CAlf (BAE 412-a-b-) and boy, in Indian dress, with headdresses, in front of tipi. (1 duplicate) [ A. Hrdlicka ?] [1923 ?]. (4) Group of 4 Indians, 1 child, outdoors: [Aims-Back ? (BAE 404-a)], Two-Guns White Calf (BAE 412-a), Charles Iron-Breast (BAE 418-A), Mrs Walks-in-Water Iron Breast (BAE 395-a) [A. Hrdlicka ?] [1923 ?]. (5) Three Indians, one white woman, outdoors in same place as #4. [Aims-Back (BAE 404-a)], unidentified white woman, Two-Guns White Calf (BAE 418-a) and child [A. Hrdlicka ?] [1923 ?]. (6) Group of Indians outside tipis, all in street dress. Portion of Lincoln memorial in middle of extreme right edge [A. Hrdlicka ?] [1923 ?]. (7) Group of Indians, some standing, some sitting, outside tipis. White man in center of the group. All in street dress [A. Hrdlicka ?] [1923 ?]. (8-10) 3 snapshot photographs of Blackfoot pictographs on rocks. (11) "Mrs Walks in Water Iron Breast (1) 44 yrs., Property of the U. S. National Museum, Wm. H. Egbert," handwritten on back of print D. L. Gill, Bureau of American Ethnology 1923 BAE Negative Number 395-a. (12) "White Calf," handwritten in pencil on back of print. cf. BAE 401 for identification (although subject is younger in this print). Catawba "Grand child of Ruben Quick Bear," handwritten in pencil on back of mount. Print shows woman holding young baby, outdoors. Cherokee "Col Geo[rge] W. Pascal, Washington, D. C.," handwritten on back of print in ink; "Cherokee family," handwritten on back of print in pencil. "Agnes Paschal McNeir" written on top of negative; "Cherokee family" handwritten on back of print in pencil. "Ridge Paschal" written on top of negative; "H. R. Marks, Austin, Texas," printed underneath on mount; "Pascal," handwritten in ink on back of print; "Cherokee family," handwritten on back of print in pencil Photographer: H. R. Marks. "Miss Marcia Pascal," handwritten in ink on back of print; "part Cherokee," handwritten in pencil on back of print. "Photo of Woolsley Hale [Hall ?]. His father was a mulatto. His mother was a Cherokee. His grandfather's side was white, and his grandmother on his father's side was an African slave," handwritten in ink on back of prints. 2 prints, front and profile.
Catalog 4877: Cheyenne "Little Robe, Cheyenne," written on negative Photographer: C. M. Bell mount Same as BAE Negative Number 313-a-b, credited to J. Gurnet & son, 1871. "Grover Cleveland," handwritten on front of print (postcard). "Mrs Grover Cleveland," handwritten on front of print. "Cheyenne mother and child (husband= #2)," handwritten on back of print. "Henry Roman Nose, Wowgini- Yellow Bear, Nugkuftiyuwais- Lame Man, or Cohoe, Nuguinkus, Southern Cheyennes," handwritten on front of print D. L. Gill, BAE 1899 Negative Number BAE 345. "Chief Two Moons--Northern Cheyenne," printed on photoengraving "Copr. Rodman Wanamaker [?]." "Esh-Sha-A-Nish-Is- Cheyenne, Lame Deer , Mont., 1912, Sawyer," in raised letters (photo of bas-relief bust of Two Moons, cf. BAE 260-a-b-c). [Moe correct rendering of Indian name is "Ishere-nishes."] Artist: WElls M. Sawyer 1912. Chippewa (folder 1) (1) "Robert McKee & wife & boy child (girl = relation), Ponsford, Minn., Chippewa," handwritten on back of postcard. (2) Group of 4 girls, standing in snow, "All four of these girls say they are full bloods, O. O. B.," handwritten on front of postcard. (3) Group of 21 young women, all wearing same uniform (except for younger girl, with slightly different version of uniform), posed outdoors. "Chippewa," handwritten on back of postcard. (4) "Chippewa Braves, Mille Lacs Indian Trading Post," apparently printed on negative of postcard. Group of 5 men, one wearing war bonnet, all in Indian dress. (5) "Ka-be-na-gwe-wes, John Smith," apparently written on negative; "This picture taken about 1912," handwritten on front of print. cf. BAE 562 for identification of subject ca. 1912. (6) "Mike Denver, Chippewa Chief, (7) Songukomigouse, age 56, Chippewa mixed," handwritten on back of prints; 2 prints, front and profile D. L. Gill, BAE 1913 Negative Number BAE 496-a and b. (8) Edawigilig, Ojibwa 5.," apparently written on negative, "Ojibwa Tribe, (Algonquian stock)," printed on label pasted on mount below print C. M. Bell 1880-81 Same as Negative Number BAE 547a. (9)(10) "William J. Parker, Chippewa.," handwritten in ink on back of mount. 2 prints, front and profile. (11)-(30) 20 snapshots (3" x 4 1/2") with negatives, 3 additional negatives with no accompanying prints; some published, Ales Hrdlicka, "Trip to the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collection, Volume LXVI, Number 3, Washington, D. C., 1916, pages 7-75. Handwritten descriptions on backs of prints as follows: "Chippewa jurta-like tipi, Round Lake, Minnesota, birch bark," (published); "Chippewa houses, Leach Lake;" Mix-blood (white and India
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka joined the Smithsonian staff in 1903 as head of the Division of Physical Anthropology. Prior to that his work was done under the auspices of the American Museum of Natural History. See Introduction to Bureau of American Ethnology-Bulletin 34, page 1, for summary of his field work from 1898-1905 and tribes visited.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4877
Local Note:
Filed: Original prints, by tribe.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4877, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4877
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4877

Edward S. Curtis above the medicine line : portraits of Aboriginal life in the Canadian West / Rodger D. Touchie

Author:
Touchie, Rodger  Search this
Subject:
Curtis, Edward S. 1868-1952  Search this
Physical description:
191 p. : ill., map, ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Portraits
Biography
Place:
Canada, Western
United States
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
History  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Call number:
E77.5 .T68 2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_948097

Photographs relating to various North American Indian tribes

Collector/photographer ?:
Scott, Hugh Lenox General  Search this
Physical description:
10 photos
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 4720
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_84699

Kenneth C. Miller photograph collection

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Source:
Miller, Kenneth C., 1901-1974  Search this
Names:
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Former owner:
Miller, Kenneth C., 1901-1974  Search this
Extent:
70 negatives (photographic)
47 Photographic prints
Culture:
Plains Cree (Prairie Cree)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apatohsipipiikani (Northern Piegan)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Place:
Canada -- Saskatchewan
Date:
1926-1943
Summary:
Photographic negatives and prints shot by and collected Kenneth C. Miller between 1926 and 1943. Miller served as a field assistant to Donald Cadzow on a 1926 trip to Northwestern, Canada and was later hired as an MAI staff member between 1935 and 1943.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic prints and negatives shot by Kenneth C. Miller as well as photographs and postcards collected and donated to the museum by Miller dating between 1926 and 1943.

The majority of the photographic negatives in this collection are from a 1926 collecting trip with Donald Cadzow to the Canadian Northwest where Miller served as a field assistant. Cadzow was collecting on behalf of the MAI and had taken previous trips to the same area in 1924 and 1925. Cadzow and Miller visited various locations in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada collecting among the Plains Cree (Prairie Cree), Assiniboine (Stoney), and Apatohsipipiikani (Northern Piegan) among other communities. These photographs include images of Native community members posing for photographs as well as images of the expedition members, such as Donald Cadzow. Some of these photographs are restricted due to cultural sensitivity. (N13144 - N13150, N23001 - N23047, P11460-P11462, P15351, P16103).

Photographs shot by Miller while he was an MAI staff member include: Negatives (N21568 - N21573) of a mahogany canoe found in an old mill near Brooklyn, NY in 1938; Negatives of Joseph Keppler in Rochester, New York in 1937 with a group of Seneca at an event in Ellison Park (N23115 - N23123); and photographic prints of MAI staff from 1938 (P13057-P13059).

Additional non-MAI photographs include: excavation photographs from the Seip Mound in Ohio in 1931 which was not an MAI sponsored excavation (P11944-P11948); 16 postcards donated by Miller in 1940 which are mostly images of objects from an Exhibition of Modern Art, held at the Museum of Modern Art (P15107 - P15120, P15174, P15205); other miscellaneous postcards and photographic prints from Florida, Michigan, Montana, Rhode Island, California (P13439-P13440, P15310 - P15317, P15323 - P15326, P15934-P15935, P16103, P16566, P21175).
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Kenneth C. Miller (1901-1974) was born in New York in 1901. Miller joined the New York State National Guard in 1922 and eventually became a Major with the Seventh Regiment. In 1926, Miller accompanied Donald Cadzow as a field assistant on a collecting trip to Northwestern, Canada between May and September in 1926 sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI). Cadzow and Miller visited 23 reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta. In 1935 Miller was hired as a general staff member of the MAI from where he assisted with field collecting and photography until 1943. Miller later became the superintendent of the Washington's Headquarters Historical site in Newburgh, NY in 1956 and served as Vice President of the Historical Society of Newburgh Bay and Highlands. He also sat on the committee of the Hudson River Historical Museum.
Related Materials:
For more photograph from Miller's 1926 trip to Canada see the Donald Cadzow photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.004).
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were gifted by Kenneth C. Miller to the MAI in various donations between 1927 and 1943.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Some photographs restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Canada -- Alberta  Search this
Photographs  Search this
New York  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Kenneth C. Miller photograph collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.049
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-049

Bag

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Previous owner:
Abel E. Brooks (A.E. Brooks), Non-Indian, 1833-1917  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Edge beaded , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Date created:
1870-1890
Catalog Number:
1/1131
Barcode:
011131.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_11958
Additional Online Media:

Knife and sheath

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Knife and sheath
Media/Materials:
Metal knife, hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
18/4944
Barcode:
184944.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_197391
Additional Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Hide, metal cones, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Bead-wrapped , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
18/4945
Barcode:
184945.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_197392
Additional Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Fitzhugh (William MacPherson Fitzhugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1929  Search this
Seller:
Estate of William M. Fitzhugh  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Commercially tanned leather, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Bead-wrapped , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/3255
Barcode:
193255.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_206625
Additional Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Possible collector:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Donor:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, hide, glass bead/beads, thread, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, edge beaded
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Alberta; Canada
Catalog Number:
20/1365
Barcode:
201365.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_215059
Additional Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Possible collector:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Previous owner:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Donor:
De Cost Smith, Non-Indian, 1864-1939  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Edge beaded , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Alberta; Canada
Catalog Number:
20/1366
Barcode:
201366.000
See related items:
Assiniboine (Stoney)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_215060
Additional Online Media:

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