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Chauve-Souris (program)

Artist:
Ralph Barton, 1891 - 1931  Search this
Sitter:
Nikita Balieff, 1877 - 3 Sep 1936  Search this
Al Jolson, 26 May 1886 - 23 Oct 1950  Search this
John Emerson, 1874 - 1956  Search this
Anita Loos, 26 Apr 1888 - 18 Aug 1981  Search this
Irving Berlin, 11 May 1888 - 22 Sep 1989  Search this
David Belasco, 25 Jul 1853 - 14 May 1931  Search this
Lenore Ulric, 21 Jul 1892 - 30 Dec 1970  Search this
John Barrymore, 15 Feb 1882 - 29 May 1942  Search this
Michael Strange, 1890 - 1950  Search this
Anna Pavlova, 1881 - 1931  Search this
Josef Hofmann, 20 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1957  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest, ? - 1948  Search this
John Drew, 13 Nov 1853 - 9 Jul 1927  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., 13 Sep 1887 - 12 Jul 1944  Search this
Maria Jeritza, 6 Oct 1887 - 10 Jul 1982  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza, 3 Feb 1869 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
Geraldine Farrar, 28 Feb 1882 - 11 Mar 1967  Search this
Mary Garden, 20 Feb 1874 - 3 Jan 1967  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe, 20 Dec 1865 - 12 Jul 1950  Search this
Arthur Brisbane, 12 Dec 1864 - 25 Dec 1936  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst, 1882 - 1974  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell, 1889 - 1974  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast, 26 Mar 1873 - 19 Sep 1942  Search this
Irene Foote Castle, 7 Apr 1893 - 26 Jan 1969  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield, 24 Jun 1872 - 28 Dec 1947  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, 9 Jan 1875 - 18 Apr 1942  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan, 1888 - 1963  Search this
Alan Dale, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Ray Long, 1878 - 1935  Search this
Sam Bernard, 1863 - 1927  Search this
Marilyn Miller, 1 Sep 1898 - 7 Apr 1936  Search this
Ed Wynn, 9 Nov 1886 - 19 Jun 1966  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman, 1870 - 1967  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson, 14 Sep 1867 - 29 Dec 1944  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott, 19 Jan 1887 - 23 Jan 1943  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt, 1890? - 1930?  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams, 15 Nov 1881 - 23 Mar 1960  Search this
Neysa McMein, c. 1880 - 1949  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 7 Dec 1888 - 18 Dec 1939  Search this
Doris Keane, c. 1885 - 1945  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond, 1873 - 1936  Search this
Moranzoni, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan, 1882 - 1966  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle, 1873 - 1948  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt, ? - 1940  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright, 1888 - 11 Apr 1939  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman, 1886 - 1957  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope, 5 Jan 1882 - 20 Jun 1958  Search this
Walter Catlett, 1889 - 1960  Search this
Sophie Braslau, 1882 - 1935  Search this
Dorothy Gish, 1898 - 1968  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith, 22 Jan 1875 - 23 Jul 1948  Search this
Lillian Gish, 14 Oct 1893 - 27 Feb 1993  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury, 1856 - 1933  Search this
Leon Errol, 1881 - 1951  Search this
Zoe Akins, 1886 - 1958  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin, 13 Feb 1873 - 12 Apr 1938  Search this
Lucrezia Bori, 1887 - 1960  Search this
Frances Alda, 1883 - 1952  Search this
Maude Adams, 11 Nov 1872 - 17 Jul 1953  Search this
John Francis McCormack, 14 Jun 1884 - 16 Sep 1945  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, 16 Apr 1889 - 25 Dec 1977  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre, 1852 - 1931  Search this
Laurette Taylor, 1884 - 1946  Search this
Frances Starr, 1881 - 1973  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan, 1885 - 1970  Search this
John Hartley Manners, 1870 - 1928  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker, 1880 - 1952  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel, 9 Jul 1881 - 13 Jan 1936  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler, 2 Apr 1862 - 7 Dec 1947  Search this
Ralph Barton, 1891 - 1931  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky, 1880 - 1958  Search this
Edward Ziegler, 1870 - 1966  Search this
William J. Guard, ? - 1932  Search this
Louis Untermeyer, 1885 - 1977  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert, 1880 - 1963  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert, c. 1872 - 1953  Search this
F. Ray Comstock, 1880 - 1949  Search this
Morris Gest, 1881 - 1942  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler, 1887 - 1958  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld, 1879 - 1973  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones, 12 Dec 1887 - 26 Nov 1954  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner, 6 Mar 1885 - 25 Sep 1933  Search this
Stephen Rathbun, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Armand Veszy, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Andrés de Segurola, c. 1873 - 1953  Search this
Gennare Papi, 1886 - 1941  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock, 1865 - 1929  Search this
Adolph Zukor, 7 Jan 1873 - 10 Jun 1976  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh, 1869 - 1924  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter, 1893 - 1968  Search this
Lawrence Reamer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman, 1898 - 1955  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch, 30 Jan 1862 - 22 Dec 1950  Search this
Mary Nash, 1885 - 1976  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg, 1871 - 1951  Search this
Charles Darnton, 1870 - 1950  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn, 21 Feb 1867 - 20 Mar 1934  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey, 1854 - 1925  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld, 21 Mar 1867 - 22 Jul 1932  Search this
Artur Bodanzky, 1877 - 1939  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs, 1858 - 1935  Search this
John Rumsey, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn, 30 May 1883 - 31 Dec 1955  Search this
George Simon Kaufman, 16 Nov 1889 - 2 Jun 1961  Search this
Lynn Fontanne, 6 Dec 1887 - 30 Jul 1983  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly, 1890 - 1980  Search this
George Michael Cohan, 3 Jul 1878 - 5 Nov 1942  Search this
John MacMahon, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel, 1854 - 1923  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso, ? - 1955  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami, 1890 - 1977  Search this
Dorothy Dalton, 1893 - 1972  Search this
David Warfield, 28 Nov 1866 - 27 Jun 1951  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley, 15 Sep 1889 - 21 Nov 1945  Search this
Karl Kitchen, 1885 - 1935  Search this
Antonio Scotti, 1866 - 1936  Search this
Fannie Hurst, 19 Oct 1885 - 23 Feb 1968  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld, c. 1883 - 1939?  Search this
Vera Fokina, 1886 - 1958  Search this
Michel Fokine, 1880 - 1942  Search this
Avery Hopwood, 28 May 1882 - 1 Jul 1946  Search this
Constance Talmadge, c. 1899 - 1973  Search this
Anna Fitziu, c. 1886 - 1967  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt, 1880 - 1925  Search this
Frank Crane, 1861 - 1928  Search this
Jascha Heifetz, 2 Feb 1901 - 12 Dec 1987  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, 16 Oct 1888 - 27 Nov 1953  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich, 10 Oct 1874 - 12 Dec 1947  Search this
Joseph Urban, 1872 - 1933  Search this
Arthur Hornblow, 1865 - 1942  Search this
Paul Meyer, 1880? - 1940?  Search this
Elsie Janis, 1889 - 1956  Search this
Paul Block, 1877 - 1941  Search this
John Chipman Farrar, 1896 - 1974  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff, 2 Apr 1873 - 28 Mar 1943  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
John Golden, 1874 - 1955  Search this
Winchell Smith, 1871 - 1933  Search this
George Jay Gould, 1864 - 1923  Search this
Medium:
Color halftone on paper
Dimensions:
Image (Centerfold): 28.5cm x 44cm (11 1/4" x 17 5/16")
Sheet (Centerfold): 30.8cm x 46cm (12 1/8" x 18 1/8")
Cover: 30.8cm x 23.1cm (12 1/8" x 9 1/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1922
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Interior\Performing Arts\Theatrical  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Architecture\Balcony  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Male  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Performing Arts\Patron\Opera  Search this
Otto Hermann Kahn: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Male  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Franklin Pierce Adams: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Mary Nash: Female  Search this
Mary Nash: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Male  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Literature\Writer  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Herbert Bayard Swope: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lillian Gish: Female  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lillian Gish: Oscar  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Male  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Levi Lee Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Male  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Jacob J. Shubert: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Male  Search this
Avery Hopwood: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Michel Fokine: Male  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Choreographer  Search this
Michel Fokine: Performing Arts\Dance Instructor  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Male  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Oscar  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Male  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Florenz Ziegfeld: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Male  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Art  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
Willard Huntington Wright: Literature\Writer\Detective  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Male  Search this
Oliver Martin Sayler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Male  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Cultural  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Male  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Raymond Hitchcock: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Male  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Brisbane: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Male  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Marcus Cook Connelly: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Drew: Male  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Drew: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
John Emerson: Male  Search this
John Emerson: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Emerson: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Male  Search this
Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Female  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Fannie Hurst: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Male  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Sports and Recreation  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Ringgold Wilmer Lardner: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Frances Starr: Female  Search this
Frances Starr: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Frank Crane: Male  Search this
Frank Crane: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Frank Crane: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Male  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Female  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Male  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Oscar  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Male  Search this
John Francis McCormack: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Male  Search this
Giulio Gatti-Casazza: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Puerto Rico  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Female  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Costume Designer  Search this
Irene Foote Castle: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
John Barrymore: Male  Search this
John Barrymore: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
David Belasco: Male  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Belasco: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
David Belasco: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Male  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Josef Hofmann: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Ralph Barton: Male  Search this
Ralph Barton: Visual Arts\Artist\Caricaturist  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Male  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
John Chipman Farrar: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Leon Errol: Male  Search this
Leon Errol: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Male  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Robert Edmond Jones: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Male  Search this
S. Jay Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Male  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Boris Israelevich Anisfeld: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Male  Search this
Jascha Heifetz: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Female  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: Visual Arts\Art Patron  Search this
Morris Gest: Male  Search this
Morris Gest: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Male  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Journalist\Humorist  Search this
Robert Charles Benchley: Communications\Broadcast Journalist\Radio  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Male  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Nobel Prize  Search this
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Female  Search this
Anna Pavlova: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Charles Darnton: Male  Search this
Charles Darnton: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Male  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Humanities and Social Sciences\Archaeologist  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Military\Officer  Search this
Nicholas Konstantin Roerich: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\President  Search this
Maude Adams: Female  Search this
Maude Adams: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Maude Adams: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Male  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Adolph Simon Ochs: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Ed Wynn: Male  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Television Personality  Search this
Ed Wynn: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Female  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Lynn Fontanne: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Male  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Charles Dana Gibson: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Mary Garden: Female  Search this
Mary Garden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Female  Search this
Maria Jeritza: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Male  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Male  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Simon Kaufman: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Male  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Literature\Writer  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
Nicholas Murray Butler: Nobel Prize  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Male  Search this
Jacob Ben-Ami: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
David Warfield: Male  Search this
David Warfield: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Male  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
George Michael Cohan: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Male  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Visual Arts\Designer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Performer  Search this
Nikita Balieff: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Male  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Female  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Marilyn Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Male  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Samuel Lionel Rothafel: Performing Arts\Producer\Impresario  Search this
Sam Bernard: Male  Search this
Sam Bernard: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Female  Search this
Gertrude Hoffman: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
George Jay Gould: Male  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
George Jay Gould: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Male  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Walter Johannes Damrosch: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Female  Search this
Geraldine Farrar: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anita Loos: Female  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Female  Search this
Lenore Ulric: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Michael Strange: Female  Search this
Michael Strange: Literature\Writer  Search this
Michael Strange: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Female  Search this
Reina Belasco Gest: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Female  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Society and Social Change\Hostess  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Elsie de Wolfe: Visual Arts\Designer\Interior Designer  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Female  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Millicent Willson Hearst: Society and Social Change\Socialite  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Male  Search this
Henry Blackman Sell: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Male  Search this
Condé Montrose Nast: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Male  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Kenneth MacGowan: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Alan Dale: Male  Search this
Alan Dale: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Ray Long: Male  Search this
Ray Long: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Female  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Literature\Writer  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Mrs. Lydig Hoyt: Female  Search this
Neysa McMein: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Neysa McMein: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Female  Search this
Doris Keane: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Male  Search this
Percy Hunter Hammond: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Moranzoni: Male  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Female  Search this
Ann Haven Morgan: Education\Educator  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Male  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
Robert Burns Mantle: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Female  Search this
Anne Harriman Sands Rutherfurd Vanderbilt: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Walter Catlett: Male  Search this
Walter Catlett: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Female  Search this
Sophie Braslau: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Female  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Elizabeth Marbury: Performing Arts\Agent\Theatrical  Search this
Zoe Akins: Female  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Zoe Akins: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Zoe Akins: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Female  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Lucrezia Bori: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Frances Alda: Female  Search this
Frances Alda: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Male  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Marechal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre: Politics and Government\Statesman\French  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Female  Search this
Laurette Taylor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Female  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
Clare Consuelo Frewen Sheridan: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Male  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Hartley Manners: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Male  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Albert Davis Lasker: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Advertising  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Male  Search this
Edward Ziegler: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
William J. Guard: Male  Search this
William J. Guard: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Male  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Louis Untermeyer: Literature\Editor\Book  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Male  Search this
F. Ray Comstock: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Stephen Rathbun: Male  Search this
Armand Veszy: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Male  Search this
Andrés de Segurola: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician  Search this
Gennare Papi: Male  Search this
Gennare Papi: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Male  Search this
Robert Gilbert Welsh: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Female  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Fay Okell Bainter: Oscar  Search this
Lawrence Reamer: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Male  Search this
Josef Willem Mengelberg: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Male  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Frank Andrew Munsey: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Male  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Artur Bodanzky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
John Rumsey: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Male  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Communications\Translator  Search this
Ludwig Lewisohn: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
John MacMahon: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Male  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Literature\Writer  Search this
Henry Edward Krehbiel: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Female  Search this
Dorothy Benjamin Caruso: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Female  Search this
Dorothy Dalton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Male  Search this
Karl Kitchen: Literature\Writer  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Male  Search this
Antonio Scotti: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Male  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Athlete\Equestrian  Search this
Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt: Sports and Recreation\Promoter  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Male  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Hugo Reisenfeld: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
Vera Fokina: Female  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Vera Fokina: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer\Ballet  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Female  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Female  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Anna Fitziu: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Soprano  Search this
Joseph Urban: Male  Search this
Joseph Urban: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Director\Opera  Search this
Joseph Urban: Performing Arts\Scenographer  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Male  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Arthur Hornblow: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Paul Meyer: Male  Search this
Elsie Janis: Female  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Elsie Janis: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Paul Block: Male  Search this
Paul Block: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Paul Block: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive  Search this
John Golden: Male  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
John Golden: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
John Golden: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Winchell Smith: Male  Search this
Winchell Smith: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Winchell Smith: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Irving Berlin: Male  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Irving Berlin: Military\Army  Search this
Irving Berlin: Oscar  Search this
Irving Berlin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Irving Berlin: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Male  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Francis Welch Crowninshield: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Male  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Sergei Vassilievich Rachmaninoff: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Al Jolson: Male  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Al Jolson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Bruce Kellner
Object number:
S/NPG.92.12
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.92.12

Hugo Gellert papers

Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Names:
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Art of Today Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artist's Committee of Action (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Coordination Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Council  Search this
Artists for Victory, Inc  Search this
Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome  Search this
Hungarian Word, Inc.  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Derkovits, Gyula, 1894-1934  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Gellert, Ernest  Search this
Gellert, Lawrence, 1898-1979  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reisman, Philip, 1904-  Search this
Sequenzia, Sofia  Search this
Extent:
6.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
1916-1986
Summary:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical political left through an interview, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, extensive printed materials (many of them illustrated by Gellert), photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical left through an oral interview conducted by Sofia Sequenzia, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, clippings, exhibition catalogs, various printed materials illustrated by Gellert, pamphlets, periodicals, mass mailings, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical Material includes an audio interview with Gellert; official documents related to memberships, property, and legal matters; financial documents that include bills, receipts, and contracts related to professional activities; papers of Gellert's brothers, Lawrence and Ernest; and artifacts. Correspondence is with other artists, writers, publishers, activists, friends, and family, including Ernest Fiene, Rockwell Kent, Harry Gottlieb, William Gropper, Philip Evergood, Howard Fast, and Jonas Lie. Writings include essays, book projects, notes, and notebooks written by Gellert; and stories and articles by other authors, including typescripts of early twentieth-century Hungarian short stories collected by Gellert.

Organizational Records are related to political and art organizations in which Gellert was an active organizer, officer, and in some cases, a founder. Because of his central role in many of these organizations, records often contain unique documentation of their activities. Records are found for the American Artists Congress, the Art of Today Gallery, the Artists Committee of Action, the Artists Coordination Committee, the Artists Council, Artists for Victory, Inc., the Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome, Hungarian Word, Inc., the National Society of Mural Painters, and other organizations.

Printed materials include a variety of political publications and periodicals with illustrations by Gellert, including New Masses, Art Front, Magyar Szo, and American Dialog; clippings related to his career, exhibition catalogs, political pamphlets, Hungarian literature, and mass mailings received from political organizations. Photographs contain a few personal photographs but are mostly news and publicity photographs, many of which depict prominent Communists and other newsmakers. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, designs, prints, and production elements for Gellert's artwork, as well as prints and drawings by Philip Reisman, Gyula Derkovits, and Anton Refregier.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-1982 (Box 1 and OV 9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 1-2, 8; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1916-1970 (Boxes 2 and 8; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Organizational Records, circa 1920-1977 (Boxes 3, 8, and OV 9; 1 linear foot)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 4-6, 8, and OV 9; 3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1920-1959 (Boxes 6-7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1927-1981 (Box 7, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert was born Hugo Grünbaum in Budapest, Hungary in 1892, the oldest of six children. His family immigrated to New York City in 1906, eventually changing their family name to Gellert.

Gellert attended art school at Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design. As a student, he designed posters for movies and theater, and also worked for Tiffany Studios. A number of student art prizes with cash awards enabled him to travel to Europe in the summer of 1914, where he witnessed the outbreak of World War I, an experience which helped shape his political beliefs. Aesthetically, he was also influenced by a folk revival among Hungarian artists at the time of his trip, and was more impressed, he later said, with the street advertising in Paris than he was with the cubism he saw in the Louvre.

Returning to the United States, Gellert became involved in the Hungarian-American workers' movement, and contributed drawings to its newspaper, Elöre (Forward). He remained involved in Hungarian-American art and activism throughout his life, including membership in the anti-fascist group, the Anti-Horthy League. When members of the fascist Horthy government unveiled a statue of a Hungarian hero in New York in 1928, Gellert hired a pilot and dropped leaflets on the group, a stunt for which he was arrested. In the 1950s, Gellert served as director of Hungarian Word, Inc., a Hungarian-language publisher in New York.

Gellert's political commitment and art remained deeply intertwined throughout his life, as he continually sought to integrate his commitment to Communism, his hatred of fascism, and his dedication to civil liberties. Throughout the 1910s and 1920s, he contributed artwork to several magazines of the radical left, including Masses and its successors Liberator and New Masses, both of which featured Gellert's artwork on their inaugural issue. Through Masses, he came to know other radicals such as Mike Gold, John Reed, Louise Bryant, Max Eastman, Floyd Dell, Anton Refregier, William Gropper, Harry Gottlieb, Bob Minor, and Art Young, and with them he followed the events of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia with sympathy and growing political fervor.

His brother, Ernest Gellert, also a socialist and activist, was drafted into the military but refused to serve. He died of a gunshot wound under suspicious circumstances while imprisoned at Fort Hancock, New Jersey, as a conscientious objector. Traumatized by this event, Gellert fled to Mexico to avoid conscription. In 1920 to 1922, he taught art at the Stelton School in New Jersey, a radical, utopian community school. He participated in the cultural scene of Greenwich Village, working on set designs, publications, and graphic art for political productions. He founded the first John Reed Club in 1929 with a group of Communist artists and writers including Anton Refregier, Louis Lozowick, and William Gropper. Initially, the group held classes and exhibitions, and provided services for strikes and other working-class activism. Later, John Reed Clubs formed around the country and became a formal arm of the United States Communist Party (CPUSA).

In the late 1920s, Gellert became a member of the National Society of Mural Painters (which, partly due to Gellert's activism in the group, became the Mural Artists' Guild local 829 of the United Scenic Artists Union of the AFL-CIO in 1937. Other members included Rockwell Kent, Anton Refregier, Arshile Gorky, and Marion Greenwood). In 1928, he created a mural for the Worker's Cafeteria in Union Square, NY. Later murals include the Center Theater in Rockefeller Center, the National Maritime Union Headquarters, the Hotel and Restaurant Workers' Union Building, NYC, the interior of the Communications Building at the 1939 World's Fair, and the Seward Park Housing Project in 1961.

In 1932, Gellert was invited to participate in a mural exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, and submitted a political mural about the robber barons of contemporary American politics and industry called Us Fellas Gotta Stick Together - Al Capone. The museum attempted to censor the mural, along with the murals of William Gropper and Ben Shahn. Other artists threatened to boycott the exhibition over the censorship and were successful in restoring them to the show.

The cooperation of artists in this controversy foreshadowed a larger protest in 1934, organized by Gellert, Saul Belman, Stuart Davis, and Zoltan Hecht, when Diego Rivera's pro-labor mural was destroyed at Rockefeller Center. After the incident, the group formed the Artists' Committee of Action and continued to fight censorship and advocate for artists' interests and welfare. They also co-published the magazine Art Front with the Artists' Union, a labor organization. Gellert served for a time as editor of Art Front, and chairman of the Artists' Committee of Action.

Gellert was active in producing both art and strategic policy for the cultural arm of the CPUSA, and he worked to mobilize the non-communist left, often referred to as the Popular Front. In 1933 he illustrated Karl Marx's Capital in Lithographs, and in 1935, he wrote a Marxist, illustrated satire called Comrade Gulliver, An Illustrated Account of Travel into that Strange Country the United States of America. Other published graphic works include Aesop Said So (1936) and a portfolio of silkscreen prints entitled Century of the Common Man (1943).

Other artist groups he helped to found and/or run include the American Artist's Congress, a Communist organization founded with Max Weber, Margaret Bourke-White, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Harry Sternberg, and others, which held symposia and exhibitions between 1936 and 1942; the Artists' Coordination Committee, an umbrella group of national organizations which sought protections for federally-employed and unionized artists; Artists for Victory, Inc., which formed in 1942 to mobilize artists in support of the war effort; and the Artists' Council, formed after the war to advocate for artists' welfare and employment.

Gellert maintained his loyalty to the Communist party throughout the post-war period despite growing disillusionment in the Popular Front over the actions of Josef Stalin, and despite the intense anti-communist crusades in the late 1940s and 1950s. He was investigated by the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and was nearly deported. He spent a number of years during this period in his wife's native Australia. Returning to the United States in the early 1950s, he threw his efforts into the defense of others who faced prison, deportation, and the blacklist following the HUAC hearings. He established The Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome in 1951 when Jerome, the cultural commissioner of CPUSA, was convicted under the Smith Act. The writer Dorothy Parker was the group's treasurer.

In 1954, Gellert established the Art of Today Gallery in New York City with Rockwell Kent and Charles White to provide an exhibition venue for blacklisted artists. Exhibitions included Maurice Becker, Henry Glintenkamp, Harry Gottlieb, Kay Harris, and Rockwell Kent. Gellert served as the gallery's secretary until it closed in 1957.

In the 1960s until his death in 1985, Gellert continued his activism through involvement in grassroots political organizations. Unlike many of his radical contemporaries, Gellert lived to see the revival of some of the ideas of the progressive era of the thirties in the countercultural years of the late 1960s and early 1970s. There were retrospectives of his work in Moscow in 1967 and in his native Budapest in 1968, and he appeared in Warren Beatty's film Reds in 1981.

Sources used for this essay include James Wechsler's 2003 dissertation "The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert: Embracing the Spectre of Communism," his essay "From World War I to the Popular Front: The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert," ( Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts number 24, Spring 2002), and Jeff Kisseloff's biographical essay for the 1986 Hugo Gellert exhibition at the Mary Ryan Gallery.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are an oral history with Hugo Gellert from 1984, a recording of a lecture Gellert gave at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1985, and additional records of Artists for Victory, Inc., 1942-1946.

The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University holds additional papers of Hugo Gellert.
Provenance:
A portion of the papers were donated in 1970 by Hugo Gellert. Additional papers were donated by Gellert and his wife, Livia Cinquegrana, in 1983 and 1986.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Hugo Gellert papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists' writings  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gellhugo
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gellhugo
Additional Online Media:

Ernst D. Moore Papers

Author:
Arnold, Cheney & Co.  Search this
Collector:
Moore, Ernst D. (importer, trader)  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore, President, 1858-1919  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Diaries
Articles
Receipts
Photographs
Maps
Account books
Date:
1888-1932
Summary:
Papers documenting Moore's work as an ivory trader employed by Arnold, Cheney and Co. Includes copies of his diary entries while working as an ivory trader, financial documents, price lists, his writings on the subject of ivory, articles, a map, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of copies of records still in the possesssion of Moore's family. Foremost among these are copies of his diary entries for the time he was employed overseas by Arnold, Cheney & Co. These provide a daily, often humorous, description of the lifestyle of an American businessman trading in the outposts of the British Empire. Further documentation of this lifestyle is provided by Moore's personal account book, expense account statements, and receipts, as well as the materials on Club life in these spots. These include rule books for the Union Club at Aden, the Mombasa Club, the Mombasa Sport Club, and the Mnazi Moja and English clubs at Zanzibar, along with statements of Moore's accounts at each.

The collection contains a great deal of information on the ivory trade, primarily in Moore's correspondence, both business and private, and in documents relating to his contract and service abroad. Although most of these are xerographic copies, a number of originals are included; since these are fragile, it is recommended that the researcher use the copies. There are several items directly related to ivory, including three ivory pricelists from 1922, a small pamphlet about ivory published in 1921, and Moore's handwritten description of the characteristics and classification of ivory. Also contained in the collection are a number of articles written by Moore about ivory and the ivory trade, along with his book, Ivory: The Scourge of Africa, in both typescript and published form. An additional folder contains a photographic copy of the map of "Ivory Country" used to illustrate the book.

The collection also contains copies of many of Moore's photographs. Most of them were taken during his days in Aden, Mombasa, and Zanzibar. These document all aspects of the ivory trade, from the elephant in the wild to the loading of tusks onto ships bound for New York. They depict ivory poachers, transport of tusks, weighing and measuring tusks, storage facilities in the traders' compound or "ivory house," trade goods used to purchase the ivory, and local scenes. Of especial interest are a number of photographs which show the visit of ex President Theodore Roosevelt to Mombasa in 1909. There are also three photoprints showing activities in Pratt, Read & Company's factory at Deep River, Ct. The remaining photographs are family snapshots, mainly of Moore's children. NOTE: Permission to publish these photographs must be obtained directly from the donor, who retains the copyright on them. The collection also includes a history of Pratt, Read & Company which Moore wrote in 1930.

Biographical information in the collection includes a chapter from a biography of Moore which was written by his daughter as a school assignment, autobiographical recollections of Moore's days as an ivory buyer, and a copy of his obituary.

Of additional interest are copies of documents relating to Moore's uncle, Dwight Moore. These deal with his service as U.S. Consul at Aden and Zanzibar in the 1880s 1890s, and correspondence between Moore and his uncle during Moore's service overseas.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernst R. Domansky was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 1, 1884. He was an ivory trader employed by Arnold, Cheney & Co., ivory importers of New York city, serving as that firm's agent in Aden, Mombasa, and Zanzibar from 1907 to 1911. He negotiated for the purchase of tons of elephant tusks from the Arab traders who brought them from the interior of Africa, and made several trips into the interior himself. He also served briefly as U.S. Consul at Zanzibar in 1911.

Shortly after his return to the United States sometime between 1911 and 1913 Domansky changed his name to Ernst D. Moore. There were evidently several reasons for this: Moore had been his mother's maiden name and, while his own parents were dead by this time, his uncle, Dwight Moore, had always looked after his interests. Dwight Moore had, in fact, obtained Ernst's position with Arnold, Cheney & Co. for him. In addition, both of his brothers had already switched from Domansky to Moore.

In 1913, Moore married Miss Elsie Warner of Chester, Connecticut, where he took up residence. He was then employed by the piano manufacturing firm of Pratt, Read & Co., of Deep River, Connecticut. Pratt, Read was the chief customer for the ivory which Moore had purchased in Africa; the company used it in making piano keyboards. Moore served as Secretary, and later as Vice President, of Pratt, Read's subsidiary, the Pratt Read Player Action Company, located in Deep River. Following that, he was head of the Moore & Fisher Manufacturing Company, also of Deep River. He retained his interest in ivory and, after retiring, wrote a book describing his days in Africa and the ivory trade his Ivory: Scourge of Africa was published in 1931. He died on June 5,1932.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center also contains Collection #320, the Pratt Read Corporation Records. It includes a few photographs of E. D. Moore, as well as information on the ivory trade and the American ivory industry. The records of Arnold, Cheney & Company for the period 1873 1902 are to be found at the Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts; they are in Collection #103, the Ropes Emmerton & Company Records. Additional records relating to both Arnold, Cheney & Company and Pratt, Read & Company can be found in the Cheney/Downing Collection at the Connecticut River Foundation at Steamboat Dock, Essex, Connecticut.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Edith Sibley, January 30, 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish these photographs must be obtained directly from the donor, who retains copyright. See repository for details.
Topic:
Ivory industry  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Ivory  Search this
Imports -- 1880-1940  Search this
Elephants -- Africa -- Mombasa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1850-1900
Diaries -- 1880-1940
Articles -- 1880-1940
Receipts -- 20th century
Receipts -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Maps -- 1880-1940
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Account books
Citation:
Ernst D. Moore Papers, 1888-1932, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0321
See more items in:
Ernst D. Moore Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0321
Additional Online Media:

New York World's Fair Collection

Topic:
World of Tomorrow
Collector:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Maps
Articles
Postcards
Brochures
Schedules
Place:
Queens (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
Newspaper articles, fair schedules and maps, exhibit brochures,and pictures of the Fair grounds.
Newspaper articles, fair schedules and maps, exhibit brochures,and pictures of the Fair grounds.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series by subject or type of document.
Biographical / Historical:
The theme of this fair was "The World of Tomorrow," symbolized by the Trylon & Perisphere sculptures. It commemorated the 150th anniversary of the innauguration of George Washington as President in New York City.

The Fair was held on 1216 acres in Flushing Meadows, Queens, N.Y., divided into 7 geographic and thematic zones: Amusement, Communications & Business Systems, Community Interests, Food, Government, Medicine & Public Health, Production & Distribution, Science & Education, and Transportation.

In expanding on the theme, the Fair tried to show that what was being built then would be the World of Tomorrow. 62 foreign nations built exhibit halls. World War II began Sept. 1, 1939, as the Nazis overran countries represented at the Fair, such as France, Denmark, and Belgium.

World War II started September 1, 1939 putting a damper on the 1940 season as the Nazis overran countries which were represented at the Fair such as France, Denmark & Belgium.
Provenance:
Immediate source of aquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Amusements  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps -- 1880-1940
Articles
Postcards -- 1930-1940
Brochures -- 1930-1940
Schedules
Citation:
New York World's Fair Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
New York World's Fair Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0134
See more items in:
New York World's Fair Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0134
Additional Online Media:

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records

Creator:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Associated name:
Cox Commission  Search this
OutServe  Search this
Burton, Sala, Representative  Search this
Cohen, William S. (Secretary of Defense)  Search this
Deutch, John M. (Undersecretary of Defense)  Search this
Frank, Barney, Representative  Search this
Perry, William J., Secretary of Defense  Search this
Powell, Colin, General  Search this
Rumsfeld, Donald, Secretary of Defense  Search this
Studds, Gerry E. (Congressman)  Search this
Extent:
7.5 Cubic feet (23 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Articles
Interviews
Newsletters
Legal documents
Instructional materials
Clippings
Research
Correspondence
Writings
Legislative documents
Legal records
Legal correspondence
Legislation (legal concepts)
Office files
Project files
Letters
Periodicals
Manuals
Letters (correspondence)
Government records
Annual reports
Date:
1975-2009, undated
bulk 1993-2008
Summary:
This collection contains records and research material produced and collected by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), a lobbying and legal assistance organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender servicepersons. They were instrumental in overturning the United States Department of Defense's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains correspondence, case files, legal briefs, subject files, research files, press releases, office records, clipping files, publications, and other material produced and collected by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), a lobbying and non-profit legal services organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender military servicepersons founded in the aftermath of the passage of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) legislation of December 1993. These records do not include material generated post 2009 and the final two years before the official overturning of DADT in September 2011. Before donation to the Archives Center, SLDN removed any material that they deemed sensitive, personal, or in violaton of their client's privacy.

Correspondence contains that which was sent by SLDN and received by SLDN. Major correspondents were: the Executive Office of the President, members of Congress, officials of the Department of Defense and other defense related federal agencies, other similarly focused non-profit organizations as well as private citizens. Correspondence may also include petitions, corresonpondence with clients of SLDN, those seeking legal services and or statistics related to DADT and others. Case files are generally refence copies of cases filed by SLDN, individuals, or invdividuals with other organizations relating to LGBT treatment within the military. Case files contain most often the public record copy of the legal brief that was filed with the courts and any supporting or relevant documents. Legal briefs relate to cases filed by SLDN or to the cases that in some way informed those legal cases and issues related to the mission of SLDN. Subject and research files were complied from various sources and contain copies or original material produced in support of the SLDN mission with regard to legal actions or as a lobbying organization. Press releases are generally those produced by SLDN. Office records pertain to the day to day workings of the organization and inter-office memorada and communication between employees or other organizations. Clipping files were compiled from a variety of national and international sources such as newspapers, magazines, and journals and used as reference tools within SLDN. Publications were those produced either by SLDN or collected by SLDN for research and reference purposes in-house.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series, one of which has been arranged further into subseries. The contents of each series or subseries are arranged chronologically. The series and subseries arrangement of the records is as follows:

Series 1, Administrative Records, 1994-2008

Series 2, Subject Files, 1980-2009 (bulk 1994-2009)

Subseries 1: Research Files, 1980-2008, undated

Subseries 2: Department of Defense, 1985-2003, undated

Subseries 3: United States Army, 1994-2005

Subseries 4: United States Navy, 1991-2008, undated

Subseries 5: United States Air Force, 1994-2004, undated

Subseries 6: United States Coast Guard, 1996-2005

Subseries 7: National Guard and Reserves, 2004

Series 3, Publications, 1988-2007

Series 4, Case Files, 1975-2008, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) is a non-profit founded in 1993 in the wake of the Clinton adminstration's efforts to make military service legal and non-discriminatory for openly lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. The organization employs less than twenty persons and has a Board of Directors. SLDN provided legal services to LGBT servicmembers and was also a lobbying and policy organization. This initiative resulted in the passing of legislation commonly referred to as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in December 1993. DADT prohibited military personnel from discriminating against or harassing closeted homosexual or bisexual servicemembers or applicants while still barring openly homosexual or bisexual persons from military service. This policy proved controversial and continued to result in the discrimination and separation of LGBT persons from the military.

The original purpose of SLDN was working to overturn the DADT policy through legal or legislative means while providing free legal services to servicemembers targeted by DADT. Its scope of concern not only included active duty personnel but the National Guard, reserves, and officer training programs. On occasion it worked with other similarly focused organizations and directly with the Department of Defense and other relevant federal agencies. By the time of the repeal of DADT in September 2011 and its official enactment in January 2012, SLDN had provided legal aid to thousands of servicepersons.

In July 2012 SLDN announced that it was merging with OutServe, effective in October 2012. OutServe is an organization of active LGBT military servicepersons, reportedly one of the largest employee resource groups in the world. SLDN continues to provide free legal advice and assistance and also works with veteran organizations while maintaining a "watchdog" status on LGBT issues within the military establishment.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Collection, 1942-2012, undated (AC1146)
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), 2012.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Don't ask, don't tell (Military personnel policy)  Search this
Women  Search this
War  Search this
Equality  Search this
Government and politics -- United States Congress actions  Search this
United States Department of Defense  Search this
United States Coast Guard  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
United States Marine Corps  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Activism  Search this
United States Navy -- 20th century  Search this
National defense  Search this
Air defenses -- United States  Search this
Armed Forces -- Operations other than war  Search this
Laws -- United States Congress actions  Search this
Lawsuits  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
U. S. Army  Search this
Sexual harassment  Search this
Sodomy  Search this
Sailors  Search this
Trials (Sex crimes)  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Interviews
Newsletters -- 20th century
Legal documents -- 20th century
Instructional materials
Articles -- 1950-2000
Articles
Clippings -- 20th century
Clippings -- newspaper -- Virginia
Research
Correspondence -- 20th century
Writings
Interviews -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 2000-2020
Articles -- 1940-1980
Articles -- 1880-1940
Legislative documents
Legal records
Legal documents
Legal correspondence
Legislation (legal concepts)
Office files
Project files
Letters
Periodicals
Manuals -- 1970-1990
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Government records
Annual reports
Citation:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records, 1877-2009 (bulk 1993-2008), undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1282
See more items in:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1282

University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection

Topic:
The Dental Cosmos (monthly journal)
Author:
Ziesel, William, Dr.  Search this
Darby, Edwin Tyler, Dr.  Search this
Collector:
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
National Dental Association  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Adams, Henry, 1838-1918  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Articles
Lectures
Notebooks
Correspondence
Programs
Menus
Place:
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1885-1935
Scope and Contents:
Papers of two dentists: Ziesel, who developed a technique and instruments for treating pyorrhea, and Darby, a founder of the University of Pennsylvania Dental School.

Included are articles, speeches, lectures, correspondence, unidentified photographs; an autograph book of attendees at testimonial dinner for Darby, dinner menus and programs; copies of journal entitled The Dental Cosmos, with articles by Ziesel; notebook of an unidentified dentist with names of patients, including Mr. and Mrs. Henry Adams; notebook presumably belonging to Lt. Cmdr. G. R. Bevan.The papers are largely mementoes of several occasions on which Dr. Darby was honored. They also include a record of the practice of an unnamed dentist that began in May 1885. The collection contains speeches and articles in which Ziesel describes his surgical techniques and instruments used in pyorrhea treatment. The series begins in 1919 when he asked the National Dental Association to allow him to speak at its annual convention, but his proposal was late and he was refused. It encompasses his disagreements with entrenched traditionalists, correspondence with many dentists interested in copying technique, work with patients referred for surgery, and his attempts to have this surgery made part of dental school curriculum.
Arrangement:
Divided into 2 series

Series 1: Dr. William Ziesel

Series 2: Dr. Edwin Tyler Darby
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. William Ziesel, who developed a surgical technique to eliminate pyorrhea, practiced dentistry in Philadelphia. This collection contains Dr. Ziesel's speeches and articles. In these he describes his surgical techniques and the instruments he used in pyorrhea treatment. The collection begins in 1919 when Dr. Ziesel asked the National Dental Association to allow him to be on the program of its annual convention although he was late in so requesting and he was refused. It encompasses his disagreements with the entrenched traditionalists, his correspondence with many dentists interested in copying his technique, his work with patients referred to him for this surgery, and his attempts to have this surgery made part of dental school curriculum.

Dr. Edwin Tyler Darby was one of the founders of the dental school at the University of Pennsylvania where he was a professor of operative dentistry from 1878 to 1926. He was Emeritus Professor for five years. An attempt was made to set up a Chair of Operative Dentistry in his name. Dr. Ziesel referred to Dr. Darby as a supporter of his methods to eliminate pyorrhea. The papers are largely mementos of several occasions on which Dr. Darby was honored. They also include a record of the practice of an unnamed dentist that began in May 1885. Scope and Content
Related Materials:
Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science

Collection contains 2871 specimens of dental instruments, furniture, equipment and other materials relating to the history of dentistry. See Accession # 218383.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dentistry -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Dentists  Search this
Periodontal disease  Search this
Dental schools -- 1880-1940 -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Dental instruments and apparatus -- 1880-1940  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Lectures
Notebooks
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Programs
Menus
Citation:
University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection, 1885-1935, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0025
See more items in:
University of Pennsylvania Dental Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0025

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