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Josef Albers papers, 1929-1970

Creator:
Albers, Josef, 1888-1976  Search this
Subject:
Tyler, Kenneth E.  Search this
Leake, Eugene  Search this
Arp, Jean  Search this
Albers, Anni  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art  Search this
Topic:
Transcripts  Search this
Art  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5803
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208643
AAA_collcode_albejose
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208643
Additional Online Media:

Roger Crossgrove papers, 1888-2012, bulk 1950-2006

Creator:
Crossgrove, Roger, 1921-  Search this
Crossgrove, Roger  Search this
Subject:
Avery, Milton  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Carle, Eric  Search this
Perez, Vincent  Search this
Owens, Louis  Search this
Pfeiffer, Werner  Search this
Torres, Antonia  Search this
Schoenherr, John  Search this
Fernández, Justino  Search this
Zalce, Alfredo  Search this
Smith, Joseph A. (Joseph Anthony),  Search this
Balkin, Steve  Search this
Pratt Institute  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
American Artists Group  Search this
Yaddo  Search this
Brooks Memorial Art Gallery  Search this
University of Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Watercolorists  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Illustrations  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16116
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)362335
AAA_collcode_crosroge
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_362335
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Josef Albers, 1968 June 22-July 5

Interviewee:
Albers, Josef, 1888-1976  Search this
Interviewer:
Fesci, Sevim  Search this
Subject:
Heckel, Erich  Search this
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig  Search this
Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl  Search this
Stuck, Franz  Search this
Itten, Johannes  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Collagists  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Die Brücke (Dresden)  Search this
Stained glass artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11847
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214202
AAA_collcode_albersj68
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214202

Anni Albers papers

Creator:
Albers, Anni  Search this
Names:
Bauhaus  Search this
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1924-1969
Summary:
The papers of artist and weaver Anni Albers measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1924-1969. They consist primarily of printed materials about Alber's exhibitions, Bauhaus training, and Black Mountain weaving classes.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of artist and weaver Anni Albers measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1924-1969. They consist primarily of printed materials about Alber's exhibitions, Bauhaus training, and Black Mountain weaving classes.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series:

Series 1: Printed Materials, 1929-1969 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Anni Albers (1899-1994) was a textile designer, weaver, writer, and printmaker who worked in Connecticut and at the Black Mountain College in North Carolina.

Anni Albers was born in Germany in 1899 and attended the Bauhaus where she met her husband designer Josef Albers in 1922; they married in 1925. At the Bauhaus. she experimented with new materials for weaving and executed richly colored designs on paper for wall hangings and textiles in silk, cotton, and linen yarns.

When the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, the Albers lived alongside the families of artist teachers Lyonel Feininger, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Oscar Schlemmer, and others in one of the masters' houses designed by Gropius. In 1933, the Albers emigrated to the U.S. to work at the experimental Black Mountain College in North Carolina. Both taught at Black Mountain until 1949. During these years Anni Albers' weavings were shown throughout the US and she published many articles on textiles and design, culminating in a 1949 show at the Museum of Modern Art, the first of its kind for a textile artist.

In 1950, Josef accepted the position of chair of the design department at Yale and the Albers moved to Connecticut. During the 1950s and 1960s, Anni worked productively from a home studio, producing fabric patterns, creating "pictorial" weavings, and writing articles and books about weaving, including On Designing in 1952 and On Weaving in 1965. During the 1960s she also started printmaking and devoted much of her later career to this artform.

Anni Albers died in Connecticut in 1994.
Related Material:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Anni Albers by Sevim Fesci on July 5, 1968.
Provenance:
Anni Albers donated the papers in 1969.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Anni Albers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
Weaving, History  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Citation:
Anni Albers papers, 1924-1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.albeanni
See more items in:
Anni Albers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-albeanni

Oral history interview with Bernard Chaet, 1997 June 18-August 15

Interviewee:
Chaet, Bernard, 1924-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Boris Mirski (Gallery : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Yale University.School of Art  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13280
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216431
AAA_collcode_chaet97
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216431
Additional Online Media:

Roger Crossgrove papers

Creator:
Crossgrove, Roger, 1921-  Search this
Names:
American Artists Group  Search this
Brooks Memorial Art Gallery  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Pratt Institute -- Faculty  Search this
University of Connecticut -- Faculty  Search this
Yaddo (Artist's colony)  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Balkin, Steve  Search this
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Carle, Eric  Search this
Fernández, Justino, 1904-1972  Search this
Owens, Louis  Search this
Perez, Vincent  Search this
Pfeiffer, Werner, 1937-  Search this
Schoenherr, John  Search this
Smith, Joseph A. (Joseph Anthony), 1936-  Search this
Torres, Antonia  Search this
Zalce, Alfredo, 1908-2003  Search this
Extent:
21.1 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Prints
Date:
1888-2012
bulk 1950-2006
Summary:
The papers of Connecticut painter, educator, photographer, and watercolorist Roger Crossgrove measure 21.1 linear feet and date from 1888 to 2012 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1950 to 2006. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, professional files, teaching files, subject files, exhibition files, printed materials, personal business records, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographic materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Connecticut painter, educator, photographer, and watercolorist Roger Crossgrove measure 21.1 linear feet and date from 1888 to 2012 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1950 to 2006. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, professional files, teaching files, subject files, exhibition files, printed materials, personal business records, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographic materials.

Biographical materials consist of appointment notebooks and planners, awards, calendars, a marriage announcement, and graduate school coursework. Correspondence is with family, friends, colleagues, museums, and galleries. Correspondents include American Artists Group, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and artists Eric Carle, John Schoenherr, Joseph A. Smith, Antonia Torres, and Alfredo Zalce, among others.

Writings and notes include essays, a thesis by Crossgrove, a play manuscript, notebooks, and notes. There are also writings by Justino Fernandez about contemporary Mexican prints. Professional files contain correspondence, printed materials, and notes related to Crossgrove's involvement with various arts organizations, the Yaddo Fellowship, and other professional activities. Teaching files contain documents compiled during Crossgrove's tenure at the Pratt Institute and the University of Connecticut.

Subject files created by Crossgrove about topics of interest, Mexican art, and artists Milton Avery, Romare Bearden, and others contain clippings, exhibition catalogs, and museum publications. Exhibition files are both general and specific. There are files for Roger Crossgrove Selected Works: Photographs 1978-1993, Three Decades (1961-1990): Works on Paper and Photographs, and numerous additional exhibitions of Crossgrove's work.

Personal business records document loans and sales of Crossgrove's artwork, purchases of artwork, personal ledgers, and expense lists. Printed materials include clippings, invitations, exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, flyers, gallery and museum publications, periodicals, and posters.

Artwork consists of drawings, illustrations, and monotypes by Crossgrove, as well as photographs by Steve Balkin, and artwork by Louis Owens, Vincent Perez, and Warner Pfeiffer. Eighteen sketchbooks contain drawings and notes by Crossgrove. Photographs and negatives are of Crossgrove, artwork, family and friends, and travel.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 12 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1888-2002 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 23, OV 24)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1921-2000s (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1951-2000 (0.5 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1951-2009 (2.5 linear feet; Boxes 3-6)

Series 5: Teaching Files, 1953-2009 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 6-7, 23)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1950s-1999 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 7-8, OV 24)

Series 7: Exhibition Files, 1950-2005 (3.0 linear feet; Boxes 8-11)

Series 8: Personal Business Records, 1963-2009 (0.2 linear feet; Box 11, OV 24)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-2012 (8.5 linear feet; Boxes 11-20, 23, OV 24)

Series 10: Artwork, 1933-2000 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 20, 23)

Series 11: Sketchbooks, 1950s-1980s (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 20, 22-23)

Series 12: Photographic Material, 1920s-2006 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 21)
Biographical / Historical:
Roger Crossgrove (1921-2016 ) is a painter, photographer, and educator working at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut and who is best known for his monotype watercolors.

Roger Crossgrove was born in Farnam, Nebraska. He attended the University of Nebraska where he received his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1949. In 1950, he spent a year painting in Mexico and later returned to live for another year in 1965. In 1951, he received a Master of Fine Arts from the University of Illinois. He also participated in the Yaddo Fellowship in Saratoga Springs, New York for several years beginning in 1957.

From 1953 to 1967, Crossgrove taught at the Pratt Institute's Art School and the Department of Graphic Art and Illustration in Brooklyn, New York, teaching under Albert Christ-Janer for some of that period. He moved to Storrs, Connecticut to teach at the University of Connecticut's School of Fine Arts where he served as head of the Art Department for 20 years. After retiring in 2008, he was awarded Professor Emeritus status and, in 2008, a Lifetime Achievement Award from the university.

Although Crossgrove produced artwork in various mediums over the course of his career, his monotypes are some of his most prolific works. Numerous exhibitions throughout the United States and Mexico have featured Crossgrove's monotypes and other works of art.
Provenance:
The Roger Crossgrove papers were donated by Roger Crossgrove in 2013.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Roger Crossgrove papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Connecticut  Search this
Watercolorists -- Connecticut  Search this
Photographers -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Art, Mexican  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Prints
Citation:
Roger Crossgrove papers, 1888-2012, bulk 1950-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.crosroge
See more items in:
Roger Crossgrove papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crosroge

Anni Albers papers, 1924-1969

Creator:
Albers, Anni, 1899-1994  Search this
Subject:
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Textile designers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5625
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208459
AAA_collcode_albeanni
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208459
Additional Online Media:

Tom Doyle papers, 1956-2014

Creator:
Doyle, Tom, 1928-  Search this
Subject:
Troy, Jack  Search this
Gionakos, Christos  Search this
Shestack, Melvin  Search this
Breckenridge, Bruce  Search this
Jensen, Alfred  Search this
Breckenridge, Sarah  Search this
Fane, Lawrence  Search this
Klimko, Andrew Frank  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen  Search this
United States.General Services Administration  Search this
Topic:
Sketches  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7595
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209757
AAA_collcode_doyltom
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209757
Additional Online Media:

Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers, 1913-1980, bulk 1940-1980

Creator:
Presser, Josef, 1909-1967  Search this
Hart, Agnes, 1912-1979  Search this
Subject:
Smedley, Agnes  Search this
Blanch, Lucile Lundquist  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Fraser, Vera  Search this
Hart, Agnes  Search this
Ames, Elizabeth  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York University  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association  Search this
Port of New York Authority  Search this
Prospect Hill School (New Haven, Conn.)  Search this
Dalton School (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Central Cown Art Center  Search this
Parnassus Square  Search this
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Postcards  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8949
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211136
AAA_collcode_presjose
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211136
Additional Online Media:

Tom Doyle papers

Creator:
Doyle, Tom, 1928-  Search this
Names:
United States. General Services Administration  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen, 1926-2013  Search this
Breckenridge, Bruce  Search this
Breckenridge, Sarah  Search this
Fane, Lawrence, 1933-2008  Search this
Gionakos, Christos  Search this
Jensen, Alfred, 1903-1981  Search this
Klimko, Andrew Frank, 1928-  Search this
Shestack, Melvin  Search this
Troy, Jack, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
5.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
1956-2014
Summary:
The papers of sculptor and educator Tom Doyle measure 5.2 linear feet and date from 1956-2014. The collection contains biographical material, correspondence, commission files, printed material, and four sketchbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor and educator Tom Doyle measure 5.2 linear feet and date from 1956-2014. The collection contains biographical material, correspondence, commission files, printed material, and four sketchbooks.

Biographical material dates from 1966-circa 1980s and includes an address book, scattered notes, and receipts. Correspondence dates from 1959-2013 and is both personal and professional in nature. There are letters, postcards, holiday cards, greeting cards, invitations, and printed material from friends and family. Noteworthy artists represented in the correspondence include Stephen Antonakos, Lawrence Fane, Bruce and Sarah Breckenridge, Andy F. Klimko, Alfred Jensen, Mel Shestack, Jack Troy, and Christos Gionakos. Professional correspondence is with galleries, museums, and other arts organizations regarding exhibitions, commissions, and other projects. Commission files date from 1978 to 1985 and detail Doyle's sculpture Map of Alaska, commissioned by the General Services Administration for the Federal Building and Courthouse in Fairbanks, Alaska. Printed material dates from 1956-2014 and includes articles and clippings, a book, booklets, brochures, exhibition announcements and catalogs, journals, magazines, bulletins, press releases, and price lists. Four sketchbooks date from circa 1960s-1974. Sketches are completed in pen, pencil, colored pencil, and marker, and appear to be studies and preliminary drawings for sculptures.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1966-circa 1980s (0.1 linear foot; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-2013 (2.7 linear feet; Box 1-3)

Series 3: Commission Files, 1978-1985 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3-4)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1956-2014 (1.9 linear feet; Box 4-5, OV 6-7)

Series 5: Sketchbooks, circa 1960-1974 (0.2 linear feet; Box 5)
Biographical / Historical:
Tom Doyle (1928- ) is a sculptor and educator currently residing in Roxbury, Connecticut. Previously, he lived and worked in New York City and Three Springs, Pennsylvania.

Tom Doyle was born in Jerry City, Ohio in 1928 and received his BFA in 1952 and MFA in 1953 from Ohio State University, where he studied with Roy Lichtenstein. In 1957, he moved to New York City and in 1960 was included in a group exhibition at the Martha Jackson Gallery.

In 1961 Doyle met and married Eva Hesse, but they separated in 1965 after spending a year in Germany together. He later married Jane Doyle, his current wife. Doyle was a member of and exhibited at 55 Mercer, a cooperative gallery in SoHo established in 1969. Doyle and Jane shared a studio with a number of other artists at 135 Bowery.

Although Doyle primarily creates sculptures from wood, he also uses metals, and experimented with synthetic materials in the 1960s. Franz Kline, Henry Moore, and Alexander Calder are among his influences.

Doyle taught at the Brooklyn Museum Art School from 1960-1968, the New School from 1961-1968, the School for Visual Arts in 1969, and at Queens College from 1970-1992. His work has been shown extensively throughout the United States and Europe, and he is the recipient of NEA and Guggenheim fellowships.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives of American Art in 1982, 1983, and 2014 by Tom Doyle.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Tom Doyle papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Connecticut  Search this
Sculptors -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Tom Doyle papers, 1956-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.doyltom
See more items in:
Tom Doyle papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-doyltom

Josef Albers papers

Creator:
Albers, Josef  Search this
Names:
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art  Search this
Albers, Anni  Search this
Arp, Jean, 1887-1966  Search this
Leake, Eugene, 1911-  Search this
Tyler, Kenneth E.  Search this
Extent:
1.5 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Poems
Interviews
Date:
1929-1970
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and art teacher Josef Albers date from 1929 to 1970 and measure 1.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials, writings, a recorded lecture, and photographs. The bulk of the collection consists of printed materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, printmaker, and art teacher Josef Albers date from 1929 to 1970 and measure 1.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials, writings, a recorded lecture, and photographs. The bulk of the collection consists of printed materials.

Biographical material consists of a curriculum vitae, bibliographic lists, a transcript of a "Yale Reports" radio interview in which Albers discusses art as a port of general education, and a photocopy of a letter from Eugene W. Leake of the Maryland Institute discussing a work by Albers in the Baltimore Museum.

Writings and Lectures are primarily photocopies of poems and typescripts by Albers concerning his theories on art, as well as an sound tape reel recording of Albers delivering a lecture at Yale University. There are also photocopied typescripts about Albers written by others including a typescript "Josef Albers" by Hans Jean Arp.

Printed material primarily consists of clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs, some of which are annotated by Albers. There are also two exhibition catalogs for Anni Albers, press releases, a copy of poetry publication Origin 8, 2 books by Albers, Embossed Linear Compositions and Josef Albers: Poems and Drawings, the book American Abstract Artists, 1936-1966, and miscellaneous brochures.

Photographs consist of two copies of the same image of Josef Albers pin registering one of his prints with Tamarind artisan Ken Tyler.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1957-1970 (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Writings and Lecture, 1936-1967 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1929-1969 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1968 (1 folder; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Josef Albers (1888-1976) of Dessau, Germany, Black Mountain, North Carolina, and New Haven, Connecticut, was a painter, printmaker, and art teacher advocating a disciplined approach to composition, form, and color.

Josef Albers was born on March 19, 1888 in Bottrop, Westphalia, Germany, the only child of Lorenz Albers, a housepainter, and Magdelena (Schumacher) Albers. He attended the Präparanden-Schule in Langenhorst from 1902 to 1905 and then the teachers college in Büren, graduating in 1908. He became an instructor in several Westphalian primary schools.

Albers studied at the Royal Art School in Berlin, the Arts and Crafts School (Folkwang School) in Essen, and at the Art Academy in Munich under Franz Stuck before enrolling at the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1920. In 1923, he became an instructor and in 1925, when the school was transplanted to Dessau, he became a Bauhausmeister, teaching his fundamental design course. He remained in that position in Dessau and Berlin until 1933, when under pressure from National Socialism, the school was shut down. In that year, Albers emigrated to the United States, becoming a professor of painting at Black Mountain College in North Carolina.

In 1949, Albers moved to Yale University where he taught in the Department of Design and served as Chairman of the Art Department. Following his retirement in 1960, Albers continued to live in New Haven with his wife, textile artist Anni Albers.

Albers served as a guest teacher in Ulm, Germany, and in many colleges and art schools in the United States, Mexico, and South America. He was also an author of poems and books concerning art theory.

Josef Albers died on March 25, 1976 in New Haven, Connecticut.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives is an oral history interview with Albers conducted by Sevim Fesci in 1968, and a collection of letters from Albers to J. B. Naumann that was loaned to the Archives by the Brooklyn Museum for microfilming and is available on microfilm reel 911.
Provenance:
The Josef Albers papers were donated by the artist in 1969 and 1970. A small collection of additional Albers papers and an audio recording of a lecture with an unknown provenance were integrated.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Josef Albers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Painters  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Poems
Interviews
Citation:
Josef Albers papers, 1929-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.albejose
See more items in:
Josef Albers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-albejose
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Tony Vevers, 1998 July 9-August 25

Interviewee:
Vevers, Tony, 1926-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Pace, Stephen S.  Search this
Zallinger, Rudolph F.  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Calcagno, Lawrence  Search this
Hartung, Hans  Search this
Vieira da Silva  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Halvorsen, Elspeth  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Lippold, Richard  Search this
Keller, Deane  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Blagden, Tom  Search this
Yale University  Search this
United States.Army  Search this
United States  Search this
City Center Gallery  Search this
Operation Pied Piper  Search this
Hans Hofmann School (New York, New York)  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art, Italian  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Art, French  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Poverty  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216378
AAA_collcode_vevers98
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216378
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Marnie Weber, 2016 February 10

Interviewee:
Weber, Marnie, 1959-  Search this
Interviewer:
Drohojowska-Philp, Hunter  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Installations (Art)  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16307
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)379306
AAA_collcode_weber16
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_379306

Oral history interview with Winslow Ames, 1987 April 29-June 2

Interviewee:
Ames, Winslow, 1907-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Forbes, Edward  Search this
Warburg, Edward M. M.  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph)  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln Edward  Search this
Lyman Allyn Museum  Search this
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12047
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212300
AAA_collcode_ames87
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212300
Additional Online Media:

Burt Chernow papers

Creator:
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Names:
Housatonic Community College (Bridgeport, Conn.)  Search this
Housatonic Museum of Art  Search this
Westport Schools Permanent Art Collection  Search this
Westport-Weston Arts Council (Westport, Conn.)  Search this
Arman, 1928-2005  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Christo, 1935- (Wrapped Reichstag)  Search this
Hendricks, Barkley L., 1945-  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, 1935-2009  Search this
Johnson, Lester, 1919-2010  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Woodham, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Zúñiga, Francisco, 1912-1998  Search this
Extent:
21.8 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1930-2002
Summary:
The papers of Burt Chernow measure 21.8 linear feet and consist mainly of research materials gathered and produced in the course of writing Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography over an extensive period of close contact with the subjects, from the early 1980s until Chernow's death in 1997. Research materials for the biography include photocopies of personal documents of the Christos, hundreds of recorded interviews with Christo, Jeanne-Claude, their family members, and their associates, transcripts of interviews and research on interview subjects, other collected research material compiled chronologically, drafts of the biography written by Chernow, drafts of the biography and its epilogue produced after Chernow's death, and business records related to the book's production, which include significant correspondence with the Christos. Also found are the published German and U.S. editions of the biography, printed materials and photographs related to the book's subject matter, and fabric samples from five of the Christos' projects undertaken during Chernow's association with them. Chernow's career as an art critic, writer, educator, and arts advocate, primarily in Southern Connecticut, is documented in Chernow's other writings, organizational records, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Burt Chernow measure 21.8 linear feet and consist mainly of research materials gathered and produced in the course of writing Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography over an extensive period of close contact with the subjects, from the early 1980s until Chernow's death in 1997. Research materials for the biography include photocopies of personal documents of the Christos, hundreds of recorded interviews with Christo, Jeanne-Claude, their family members, and their associates, transcripts of interviews and research on interview subjects, other collected research material compiled chronologically, drafts of the biography written by Chernow, drafts of the biography and its epilogue produced after Chernow's death, and business records related to the book's production, which include significant correspondence with the Christos. Also found are the published German and U.S. editions of the biography, printed materials and photographs related to the book's subject matter, and fabric samples from five of the Christos' projects undertaken during Chernow's association with them.

Chernow's career as an art critic, writer, educator, and arts advocate, primarily in Southern Connecticut, is documented in Chernow's other writings, organizational records, printed materials, and photographs. Other writings include drafts of articles, lectures, exhibition reviews, and catalog essays, some of which include research material gathered on the subjects. Artists written about by Chernow include Arman, Milton Avery, Barkley Hendricks, Francisco Zuñiga, Lester Johnson, Gabor Peterdi, and Jean Woodham, among many others, and including many Connecticut artists. A recorded interview with Arman, as well as transcripts of multiple interviews with Zuñiga, are filed with these writings. Also found are many writings and lectures related to the value of visual art in public life and in elementary and higher education. Numerous lectures by Chernow about several of the Christos' large-scale projects are also found, one of which, on the Wrapped Reichstag, is recorded on video.

Organizational records document Chernow's involvement in various art education organizations, his years of teaching at Housatonic Community College, his development of the Housatonic Museum of Art collection, and his work with several local arts organizations in Westport, Conn., including the Westport Arts Advisory Council, the Westport Arts Center, the Westport Schools Permanent Art Collection Committee, and the Westport Weston Arts Council. Types of documents found include correspondence, clippings, photographs, flyers, and notes.

Printed material includes many of the books written by Chernow, and monographs and magazines which included essays on specific artists by Chernow. A file of clippings about Chernow spanning his career is also found. Photographs include prints, negatives, and contact sheets, and consist mainly of photographs of artists, many of which were taken by Chernow, and many of which are signed by the artists with a personal note to the Chernows. A handful of personal photographs of the Chernows are also found.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: Research Material for -- Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography -- , 1930-2002 (17.1 linear feet; Boxes 1-17, 23, OV 24)

Series 2: Other Writing, 1962-1999 (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 17-19)

Series 3: Organizational Records, 1963-2000 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 19-20, 23, OV 24)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1960-2002 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 20-21, 23)

Series 5: Photographs, 1950-1997 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 21-23, OV 24)
Biographical / Historical:
Burt Chernow was an art historian, writer, educator, collector, and dealer who founded the Housatonic Museum of Art in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and who, upon his retirement from Housatonic Community College, became the authorized biographer of Christo and Jeanne-Claude, which he researched through close contact with the Christos from 1984 until his death in 1997. Although he had not completed the biography when he died, his wife Ann Chernow saw the manuscript through to publication, and the biography, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: A Biography, was first published in Germany in 2000, and then in the United States in 2002.

Born in New York City in 1933, Chernow earned a master's degree in art education at New York University in 1960, and began his career as an art teacher in the Westport, Connecticut public schools, later joining the faculty of the Art Department at the Housatonic Community College, where he eventually became the department's director. He also taught at the Museum of Modern Art, organizing the Children's Art Carnival in Harlem through the museum, and at Silvermine School of the Arts, the A.B.C.D. Arts Center in Bridgeport, Conn., and the Stamford Museum. While on faculty at Housatonic Community College, he began collecting original artworks, mainly through donations directly from the artists, for what eventually became the Housatonic Museum of Art. Over the course of nearly 30 years he amassed over 4000 works for the collection, the largest of its kind for a community college, and remained the museum's Emeritus Director until his death. He remained active in civic arts organizations in Westport as well, where he was a founding member of the Westport Arts Center, served on the Westport Arts Advisory Council, and helped to establish the annual Westport Arts Awards.

Upon his retirement from the Housatonic faculty in 1984, Chernow approached Christo and Jeanne-Claude about becoming their authorized biographer. He had participated in their project Surrounded Islands in Miami in 1983, and had played a role in exhibitions and artist talks by Christo at the Aldrich Museum (1981) and the Wadsworth Atheneum (1978) as well. He and his wife Ann Chernow attended and helped to document the Wrapped Pont Neuf (1985) in Paris, and then visited Christo's family in Bulgaria in 1986. It was after their Bulgarian trip that Christo and Jeanne-Claude agreed to authorize him to write their biography, and Chernow's research began in earnest. He conducted hundreds of interviews with them, their family, and associates, participated in the major large-scale projects that took place between 1985 and 1995, and completed a draft of the biography up to the year 1982 before he died suddenly in 1997. After his death, his wife Ann Chernow saw the biography through to publication. It was published with an epilogue by Wolfgang Volz, the Christos' official photographer, bringing the Christos' story up to date from where Chernow had left off, first in Germany, and later in the United States and Italy.

Chernow wrote many books, catalogs, and articles about other artists as well, including Milton Avery, Francisco Zuniga, Gabor Peterdi, Will Barnet, Jean Woodham, and Lester Johnson, among others, and published and lectured widely on the subjects of art education and public art.
Provenance:
Donated 2002 by Ann Chernow, the widow of Burt Chernow.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Burt Chernow papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art critics -- Connecticut  Search this
Authors -- Connecticut  Search this
Educators -- Connecticut  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Burt Chernow papers, 1930-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cherburt
See more items in:
Burt Chernow papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cherburt

Oral history interview with John Dugdale, 2017 January 17-18

Interviewee:
Dugdale, John, 1960-  Search this
Interviewer:
Kerr, Theodore, 1979-  Search this
Subject:
Sendak, Maurice  Search this
Visual Arts and the AIDS Epidemic: An Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Photographers with visual disabilities  Search this
Photographers  Search this
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Interviews  Search this
AIDS (Disease) and the arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17424
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)385012
AAA_collcode_dugdal17
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_385012

Edmund Greacen papers

Creator:
Greacen, Edmund W., 1876-1949  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
National Arts Club  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Etchings
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1987-1972
bulk 1905-1949
Summary:
The papers of American Impressionist painter Edmund Greacen measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1897-1972, bulk 1905-1949. The collection consists of biographical information and correspondence both personal and professional in nature, pertaining to his career as well as Greacen's various affiliations including the National Academy of Design, the National Arts Club, the Manhattan School of Art, and the Grand Central School of Art. Writings by Greacen, including an essay, "The Origins of Landscape Painting," and an unpublished book titled "Logic in Drawing" elucidate his perspective on art traditions and art education. There are works of art including pencil drawings and drypoint etchings, as well as photographs depicting portraits of the artist, group portraits documenting Greacen's various academic and professional affiliations, and reproductions of works of art. Also included exhibition catalogs, brochures, and other printed material.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of American Impressionist painter Edmund Greacen measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1897-1972, bulk 1905-1949. The collection consists of biographical information and correspondence both personal and professional in nature, pertaining to his career as well as Greacen's various affiliations including the National Academy of Design, the National Arts Club, the Manhattan School of Art, and the Grand Central School of Art. Writings by Greacen, including an essay, "The Origins of Landscape Painting," and an unpublished book titled "Logic in Drawing" elucidate his perspective on art traditions and art education. There are works of art including pencil drawings and drypoint etchings, as well as photographs depicting portraits of the artist, group portraits documenting Greacen's various academic and professional affiliations, and reproductions of works of art. Also included exhibition catalogs, brochures, and other printed material.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in five series:

Series 1: Biographical and Professional (Box 1, Box 3) Series 2: Correspondence (Boxes 1-2) Series 3: Writings (Box 2) Series 4: Photographs (Boxes 2-3) Series 5: Artwork (Box 3, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Edmund William Greacen (1876-1949) was an American Impressionist painter born in New York City. Greacen traveled extensively throughout Europe early in his career, which afforded him the opportunity to exhibit his work in Paris, and participate in the international art scene both abroad and in New York City. He is particularly known for his oil paintings on canvas and board depicting both human subjects and landscapes. In 1922 he was awarded the Samuel T. Shaw Prize from the Salmagundi Club following his solo show at the Macbeth Gallery. During his career, he was an active member of the Salmagundi Club, the National Academy of Design, and the National Arts Club where he served as Arts Committee Chair. He helped found the Manhattan School of Art as well as the Grand Central School of Art in 1923, and he served as director of both. He was also a member of the Old Lyme Art Colony of American Impressionists at Old Lyme, Connecticut.
Provenance:
The Edmund Greacen papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1971 by Mrs. Edmund Greacen, Jr., daughter-in-law of Edmund Greacen, and in 2017 by Elizabeth G. Knudsen, granddaughter of Edmund Greacen.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Edmund Greacen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Etchings
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Edmund Greacen papers, 1897-1972, bulk 1905-1949. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greaedmu
See more items in:
Edmund Greacen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greaedmu

Roberto Sifuentes papers

Creator:
Sifuentes, Roberto, 1967-  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear Feet
0.054 Gigabytes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Gigabytes
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1988-2006
bulk 1993-2000
Summary:
The papers of performance artist and educator Roberto Sifuentes measure 4.3 linear feet and date from circa 1988 to 2006. The collection documents Sifuentes' work as a professional artist and educator through biographical material and interviews; correspondence including emails; project files including project descriptions, documentation of individual productions, audio and video recordings, and components of works for multimedia projects; conference files documenting symposia and conference participation; articles, versions of performance scripts, and other writings; printed material including press clippings, promotional press packets, and source material; as well as photographic material documenting performances and social events.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of performance artist and educator Roberto Sifuentes measure 4.3 linear feet and date from circa 1988 to 2006. The collection documents Sifuentes' work as a professional artist and educator through biographical material and interviews; correspondence including emails; project files including project descriptions, documentation of individual productions, audio and video recordings, and components of works for multimedia projects; conference files documenting symposia and conference participation; articles, versions of performance scripts, and other writings; printed material including press clippings, promotional press packets, and source material; as well as photographic material documenting performances and social events.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1990-2000 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, 0.003 Gigabytes; ER01)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1990-2000 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, 0.004 Gigabytes; ER02-ER05)

Series 3: Project Files, circa 1986-2000 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, 0.051 Gigabytes; ER06-ER15, ER18-ER19)

Series 4: Conference Files, circa 1995-2006 (0.2 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Writings, circa 1993-2000 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 3-4, 0.002 Gigabytes, ER16-ER17)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1993-2000 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)

Series 7: Photographic Material, circa 1990s (0.1 linear feet; Box 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Roberto Sifuentes, (born Los Angeles, 1967) is a Chicano performance artist and arts instructor at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. He completed his BA from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut in 1989 and in 1993 founded La Pocha Nostra Performance Group with his career-long collaborator, Guillermo Gómez-Peña. La Pocha Nostra in its manifesto describes itself as a "trans-disciplinary arts organization...created out of our necessity to survive as Chicano artists in a racist Art World." Around 1992 Roberto began contributing as a collaborator and performer for performance works created by Gómez-Peña in collaboration with Coco Fusco, Couple in the Cage and New World (B)order. Sifuentes has continued his partnership with Gómez-Peña in creating new performance works and publications, as well touring widely to perform their works and deliver outreach programs including lectures and workshops.

Consistent with his work with La Pocha Nostra, Sifuentes has taken an activist sensibility and approach in incorporating stereotypical ritualistic and religious cultural imagery in his installations and performances, while engaging with emerging technologies. This juxtaposition between the futuristic and the traditional stereotype was reflected in his widely applied artistic persona Cybervato. Key works incorporating this persona include Borderscape 2000, Temple of Confessions, and Mexterminator. He has performed his works and contributed to symposia and conferences throughout the world at venues including National Review of Live Art, Glasgow; Center for Performance Research, Wales; Hemispheric Institute, New York University; Centro Cultural Recoleta, Buenos Aires; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington DC; De Young Museum, San Francisco; and El Museo del Barrio in New York City.
Provenance:
The Roberto Sifuentes papers were donated by Roberto Sifuentes to the Archives of American Art in 2018.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and born-digital records with no duplicate copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Roberto Sifuentes papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Hispanic American artists--Illinois--Chicago  Search this
Mexican American artists--Illinois--Chicago  Search this
Performance artists--Illinois--Chicago  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Roberto Sifuentes papers, circa 1988-2006, bulk 1993-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sifurobe
See more items in:
Roberto Sifuentes papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sifurobe

Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers

Creator:
Mecklem, Austin Merrill, 1894-1951  Search this
Names:
Albright Art School (Buffalo, N.Y.) -- Faculty  Search this
Federal Works Agency  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Appel, Marianne, 1913-1988  Search this
Henson, Jim  Search this
Mecklem, Austin Merrill, 1894-1951  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
0.035 Gigabytes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Gigabytes
Sketchbooks
Manuscripts
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Drawings
Date:
1910-2009
Summary:
The Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers measure 1.4 linear feet and 0.035 GB and date from 1910-2006, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1928-1977. Correspondence, writings, drawings, printed and digital material, miscellaneous items and photographs document Mecklem as an artist, muralist and art instructor and Appel as an artist, puppet designer and author and illustrator of children's books. A significant part of Appel's papers consists of drafts of two illustrated children's books.
Scope and Content Note:
The Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers measure 1.4 linear feet and 0.035 GB and date from 1910-2006, with the bulk of materials dating from 1928-1977. Correspondence, writings, drawings, printed and digital material, miscellaneous items and photographs document Mecklem as an artist, muralist and art instructor and Appel as an artist, puppet designer and author and illustrator of children's books. A significant portion of Appel's papers consist of drafts of two illustrated children's books.

Austin Mecklem's papers include biographical materials, personal and professional correspondence and letters, and printed material from the WPA. Printed material includes newspaper clippings, exhibition catalogs, announcements and press releases, and an article from Fortune Magazine concerning the Coulee Dam, a subject of interest to Mecklem. Digital material consists of "Catalogue Raisonee as of February 2009".

Of particular note are Mecklem's lecture and teaching notes on the "Fundamentals of Art" prepared for his class at the Albright Art School. Also, there are photographs of Mecklem's paintings and murals, including his design for a mural for the Recorder of Deeds Building in Washington, D. C. Original artwork by Mecklem includes the blueprint for the Portland, Connecticut Post Office mural, drawings on tissue paper, a watercolor landscape, and a cartoon entitled "Life at the High."

Appel's papers consist of drafts of children's books, "The Story of Juliet" (1945) and "Perlydew" (after 1953), correspondence, writings, sketches and clippings from the period after Mecklem's death. Correspondence includes personal letters and letters from the Federal Works Agency Public Buildings Administration regarding the Agency's purchase of Appel's artwork. Also found are sketch books and an original watercolor signed by Appel.

Also found are photographs of friends and family as well as photographs of Appel's paintings and puppets she designed. Some photographs of puppets carry notes by Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets. Appel's book drafts include manuscripts, both typed and hand-written, with layouts and illustrations in tempera or gouache.

This collection contains scattered notes by the donors which identify or explain materials.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 Series. Materials are generally arranged by record type and chronolgically thereafter.

Series 1: Austin Merrill Mecklem papers, 1910-2006 (Boxes 1-2; OV3; 0.9 linear feet, ER01; 0.035 GB)

Series 2: Marianne Greer Appel papers, 1928-2006 (Boxes 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Family Photographs, 1928-1950 (Box 1; 0.1 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Artists Austin Merrill Mecklem "Meck" (1894-1951) and Marianne Greer Appel (1913-1988) married in 1937 and lived and worked in Woodstock, New York as part of the Woodstock artists' colony, Maverick. Mecklem died in 1951 at age 56. In 1953, Appel and her two daughters moved to New York City where she pursued a career as a puppet designer and author and illustrator of children's books. She worked for puppeteer, Bill Baird, and later, Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets. Appel married Carl Harms, actor and puppeteer, in 1960.

Both Mecklem and Appel were associated with the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Mecklem received notable commissions from the WPA, including the painting of murals for the Recorder of Deeds Building in Washington, D. C., the Wrangell, Alaska Custom House and Post Office, and the Post Office in Portland, Connecticut. Mecklem also taught art at the Museum School in Portland, Oregon, the Art Students League in New York, the Albright Art School in Buffalo, New York, and the Woodstock School of Painting. Mecklem's work has been exhibited in a number of one-man shows and at major museums such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C., and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Austin Mecklem was born in Califax, Washington and studied at Washington State University, the San Francisco School of Fine Arts, the Art Students League in New York and in Paris and Holland. His first marriage to Hannah Small, also of the Woodstock artist's colony, ended in divorce. In 1906 Appel began her studies at the Woodstock School, where she met Mecklem. Appel's work has been exhibited at museums such as the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2010 by the artists' daughters, Sarah Greer Mecklem and Merrill Mecklem Piera.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donors have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Puppeteers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Manuscripts
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Drawings
Citation:
Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers, 1910-2006, bulk 1928-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.meckaust
See more items in:
Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-meckaust

W. Langdon Kihn papers

Creator:
Kihn, W. Langdon  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965  Search this
Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969  Search this
Dale, Chester, b. 1883  Search this
Dale, Maud, 1875-1953  Search this
Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946  Search this
Downs, Olin  Search this
Fisher, Franklin L.  Search this
Kihn, Alfred  Search this
Kihn, Helen Butler  Search this
Laubin, Gladys  Search this
Laubin, Reginald  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Marie  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Pierre, 1883-1947  Search this
Oakley, Thorton, 1881-1953  Search this
Skinner, Constance Lindsay, 1882-1939  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Wellcome, Henry S., Sir (Henry Solomon), 1853-1936  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962  Search this
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Date:
1904-1990
bulk 1904-1957
Summary:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical materials, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical material, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.

Biographical materials include address books, membership cards, exhibition and price lists, legal and travel documents, as well as biographical notes. Additional biographical sketches are found in the Writings and Notes series.

Correspondence is the largest series in the collection, almost half of the papers. In addition to letters to W. Langdon Kihn, this series include both originals and drafts of his outgoing letters; letters to his wife Helen from friends; third party business correspondence between his father, Alfred Kihn, and various parties undertaken on his son's behalf; and third party correspondence addressed to his friend and colleague, the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau. In addition to Barbeau, significant correspondents include Constance Lindsay Skinner, Chester and Maud Dale, Sir Henry Wellcome, Pierre and Marie "May" Lecompte du Noüy, and Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Although there is little correspondence with other artists, those represented with cards and letters in this collection include Boris Artzybasheff, Maynard Dixon, Olin Dows, Thornton Oakley, and Kihn's summer art school partner, Gus Wiggins. Correspondence with Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic Magazine's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution dominate the period spanning from 1935 - 1952, the years of Kihn's close association with the National Geographic Society.

Writings and notes includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures, memoirs, and other writings by Kihn and others. There is one travel diary dated circa 1924-1925, and numerous writings about Kihn's travels and documentation of native American Indians.

Printed materials include exhibition catalogs, travel brochures, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Also found here are copies of Kihn's illustrations for books by other authors, including Beaver, Kings and Cabins, by Constance Lindsay Skinner, as well as proofs from the National Geographic series on American Indians arranged by geographic location. Financial records consist of invoices and receipts related to Kihn's artwork, traveling, and exhibitions.

Three sketchbooks and loose sketches include illustrated field notes and other drawings that document Kihn's travels and of native Americans. Photographs are of Kihn, and of Kihn at work. There are also photographs of Kihn's artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1916-1957 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1904-1959 (Boxes 1-5; 4.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1990 (Box 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1920-1957 (Boxes 6-8, OV 10; 2.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1920-1955 (Box 8; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1922-1955 (Boxes 8-9, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920-1955 (Box 9; 5 folders)
Biographical Note:
Born in Brooklyn, New York, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn (1898-1959) is best known for his portraits of American Indians and illustrations of their history, culture and rapidly disappearing way of life. In 1919, Kihn joined his art teacher Winold Reiss on a trip to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana where he completed his first series of portraits. This marked the beginning of his lifelong career of documenting the tribal nations of the United States and Canada. Through commissions from Canadian and American Railroad companies, Kihn spent much of the 1920s traversing both the United States and Northwest Canada where he had the opportunity to record the members and lives of various tribes. During this period, his paintings also traveled the country in a one man exhibition of his American Indian portraits, which was arranged by the Brooklyn Museum, and traveled to about 40 institutions in the United States. However his largest and best known commission was a project to research and paint North American Indians for serial publication in National Geographic. Kihn received the commission in 1935 and his association with the organization spanned two decades, culminating in the 1955 exhibition of his work at the National Geographic Museum, Washington, D.C, and the publication Indians of the Americas, with copius illustrations derived from Kihn's paintings and drawings.

In addition to his travels and work in North America, Kihn enjoyed a brief stint between 1929-1932 painting in France and Spain. Upon his return he focused upon obtaining commercial work and enjoyed success as an illustrator, whose work was featured in Beaver, Kings and Cabins (1933) and Flat Tail (1935), among other books. Kihn also wrote articles about his travels; amateur painters, whom he specialized in teaching; and American Indian legends and tribal cultures. Between 1948-1951 he was a partner in the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School in Essex, Connecticut. He married Helen Butler in 1920 and in between their travels the couple eventually settled in East Haddam, Connecticut. W. Langdon Kihn died in 1957.
Provenance:
Helen Kihn, W. Langdon Kihn's widow, donated the bulk of the collection in 1959. In 1994 Phyllis Kihn, the artist's daughter, donated pages 1-8 of Kihn's original manuscript of his memoirs and a transcript of the complete memoirs.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The W. Langdon Kihn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Book illustrators -- Connecticut  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Citation:
W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kihnwlan
See more items in:
W. Langdon Kihn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kihnwlan

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