Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
48 documents - page 1 of 3

Alan R. Solomon papers

Creator:
Solomon, Alan R., 1920-1970  Search this
Names:
Albright-Knox Art Gallery  Search this
Amsterdam (Netherlands). Stedelijk Museum  Search this
Art Gallery of Ontario  Search this
Artforum  Search this
Biennale di Venezia  Search this
Centro de Artes Visuales (Asunción, Paraguay)  Search this
Cornell University. -- Faculty  Search this
Expo 67 (Montréal, Québec)  Search this
Harvard University -- Students  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Los Once (Artists' group)  Search this
Pasadena Art Museum  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute  Search this
University of California (System)  Search this
Velvet Underground (Musical group)  Search this
Bontecou, Lee, 1931-  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Chamberlain, John, 1927-2011  Search this
Childs, Lucinda  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Dunn, Judith  Search this
Fahlström, Öyvind, 1928-1976  Search this
Finkelstein, Nat  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Greenberg, Jeanine  Search this
Grisi, Laura  Search this
Hay, Alex  Search this
Hay, Deborah  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Kron, Joan  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
MacElroy, Robert R.  Search this
Moore, Peter  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Novick, Elizabeth  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Oldenburg, Patty  Search this
Paxton, Steve  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Provinciali, Michele  Search this
Rainier, Yvonne  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Redon, Odilon, 1840-1916  Search this
Reed, Lou  Search this
Rosenquist, James, 1933-  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Schute, Terry  Search this
Scull, Ethel  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000  Search this
Sisler, Mary  Search this
Sonnabend, Ileana  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-  Search this
Whitman, Robert  Search this
Extent:
9.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Transcripts
Photographs
Interviews
Lithographs
Place:
Italy -- Venice
Date:
1907-1970
bulk 1944-1970
Summary:
The papers of New York art historian, museum director, curator, writer, and educator, Alan R. Solomon, measure 9.9 linear feet and date from 1907-1970, with the bulk of the material dating from 1944-1970. Through biographical material, correspondence, interview transcripts, writings and notes, teaching and study files, subject files, exhibition files, business records, printed material, and photographs, the collection documents Solomon's education, his early teaching appointments at Cornell University, and his subsequent direction of many diverse curatorial and research projects relating to contemporary American art, particularly the transition from Abstract Expressionism to later modern movements, and the thriving New York City art scene.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York art historian, museum director, curator, writer, and educator, Alan R. Solomon, measure 9.9 linear feet and date from 1907-1970, with the bulk of the material dating from 1944-1970. Through biographical material, correspondence, interview transcripts, writings and notes, teaching and study files, subject files, exhibition files, business records, printed material, and photographs, the collection documents Solomon's education, his early teaching appointments at Cornell University, and his subsequent direction of many diverse curatorial and research projects relating to contemporary American art, particularly the transition from Abstract Expressionism to later modern movements, and the thriving New York City art scene.

Biographical material includes résumés, an engagement book, and a monthly planning book from 1965, identification cards, and educational transcripts.

Correspondence documents Solomon's education at Harvard College and Harvard University, and his teaching appointments at Cornell University. Correspondence also provides some documentation of his involvement with museums and arts organizations, including the Jewish Museum, Stedlijk Museum, the San Francisco Art Institute, the University of California, and Centro de Artes Visuales; his submission of writings for publications including Artforum, Art International, and Konstrevy; and his relationships with artists and colleagues including Jim Dine, Joan Kron, Audrey Sabol, and Ileana Sonnabend. Also found is correspondence related to Solomon's work for Mary Sisler, who employed Solomon to sell her collection of artwork by Marcel Duchamp in the late 1960s.

One series comprises transcripts of interviews with many of the artists who were central to the transition from Abstract Expressionism to later modern movements that occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, such as Neo-Dada and Pop art. Artists represented in the interviews include Jim Dine, Helen Frankenthaler, Jasper Johns, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Claes Oldenburg, Robert Rauschenberg, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol.

Solomon's writings include many of his essays for exhibition catalogs, magazines, and journals, and are in a combination of annotated manuscript and published formats. There are writings on Jim Dine, Barnett Newman, Robert Rauschenberg, and Jasper Johns, and on the new movements in theater and performance art of the 1960s. His writings also document the art history education which informed all of his later work, with the inclusion of papers written as a student and teacher, his honors thesis on Odilon Redon, and his dissertation on Pablo Picasso. This material is supplemented by notes, and teaching and study files, documenting courses taken and taught at Harvard and Cornell universities. Also found is the manuscript of the text for New York: The New Art Scene, accompanied by a partial published copy of the book and photographs by Ugo Mulas.

Solomon's subject files augment several of the other series, comprising material on various art related subjects and individual painters and sculptors, arranged alphabetically. Material found here includes printed matter documenting exhibitions and other events, scattered letters from artists, related writings, and photographs.

One series documents Solomon's involvement with the First New York Theater Rally, which he co-produced with Steve Paxton in 1965. This material includes a drawing each by Jim Dine and Alex Hay, pieces of a combine by Robert Rauschenberg, and photographs of the group including Dine, Hay, and Rauschenberg, as well as Lucinda Childs, Judith Dunn, Deborah Hay, Robert Morris, Claes Oldenburg, the Once Group, Steve Paxton, Yvonne Rainier, Alan Solomon, and Robert Whitman. The series includes multiple contact sheets of photos of First New York Theater Rally events, by Peter Moore, Elizabeth Novick, and Terry Schute.

Exhibition files document Solomon's role as an organizer and curator for some of his most well-known exhibitions, including American Painting Now (1967) for Expo '67 in Montreal; Andy Warhol (1966) at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston; Dine-Oldenburg-Segal (1967) at the Art Gallery of Ontario and Albright-Knox Gallery; the American exhibition at the 1964 Venice Biennale; Young Italians (1968) at the Institute of Contemporary Art; and Painting in New York 1944-1969, a major retrospective installed for the opening of the new Pasadena Art Museum in fall, 1969. Records include correspondence, lists and notes, financial records, printed material, and photographs of artists and installations, including a series by Ugo Mulas taken at the Venice Biennale.

Solomon's business records include lists, notes, contracts, expense forms, vouchers, purchase orders, and receipts. They provide scattered documentation of exhibition-related expenses and purchases of artwork, as well as Solomon's income from teaching appointments, lectures, honorariums, and writings. Amongst Solomon's general business records is an American Federation of Musicians agreement between the Institute of Contemporary Art and "Louis Reed," with booking agent Andy Warhol, for a performance by the Velvet Underground and Nico, performing as The Exploding Plastic Inevitable on October 29, 1966. This seemingly mundane item documents an event that accompanied Solomon's landmark Warhol exhibition of nearly forty iconic works, and the accompanying show by The Exploding Plastic Inevitable was hailed by the Boston Phoenix newspaper as one of the greatest concerts in Boston history.

Printed material includes announcements, catalogs, and posters for exhibitions and art related events, including two Jasper Johns lithographs for a 1960 exhibition at Galerie Rive Droite, and a 1963 exhibition at Leo Castelli Gallery. Also found are news clippings, press releases, and other publications.

Photographs are of Solomon, artists, friends and colleagues, exhibitions and other events, and artwork. They include snapshots of Solomon, and a series of photographs of him at various events and parties, many taken by Ugo Mulas, as well as a photo taken by Robert Rauschenberg of Ugo Mulas, Michele Provinciali, and Solomon. Additional photos by Ugo Mulas include some which were probably taken for New York: The New Art Scene, and a series of photos of Robert Rauschenberg and others at the Venice Biennale. Photos of artists include Lee Bontecou, John Chamberlain, Jim Dine, Marcel Duchamp, Öyvind Fahlström, Laura Grisi, Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, Morris Louis, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Claes and Patty Oldenburg, Larry Poons, James Rosenquist, George Segal, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol and The Factory. Photos of others include Leo Castelli, Clement and Jeanine Greenberg, and Ethel and Robert Scull. Also found are photos of the exhibition Toward a New Abstraction (1963), at The Jewish Museum, photos of Venice, and photos of artwork by many of the above named, and other, artists. In addition to Ugo Mulas, photographers represented in this series include Nat Finkelstein, Robert R. McElroy, and Hans Namuth.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as eleven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-1968 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1930-1970 (0.66 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Interviews, 1965-1969 (0.25 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 4: Writings and Notes, 1945-1969 (1.35 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, 11)

Series 5: Teaching and Study Files, 1944-1958 (0.25 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1907-1969 (2.92 linear feet; Boxes 3-6, 1, OV 12)

Series 7: First New York Theater Rally, 1963-1965 (0.15 linear feet; Boxes 6, 11)

Series 8: Exhibition Files, 1954-1969 (1.42 linear feet; Boxes 6-7, 11, OV 12)

Series 9: Business Records, 1945-1970 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)

Series 10: Printed Material, 1914-1970 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 8-9, OV 12)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1951-circa 1970 (1.7 linear feet; Boxes 9-11, OV 13)
Biographical / Historical:
New York art historian, museum director, art consultant, educator, writer, and curator, Alan R. Solomon (1920-1970), organized over two hundred exhibitions in the course of his career. He was known for his skill in exhibition design, and for bringing the perception and understanding of an art historian to the field of contemporary art.

Solomon was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, and educated at Harvard College and Harvard Graduate School. In 1953, during his 1952-1962 tenure with the Cornell University department of art history, he established the Andrew Dickson White Museum of art. Solomon served as the museum's first director until 1961, whilst simultaneously pursuing his doctorate, which he received from Harvard University in 1962.

In 1962 Solomon was hired by the Jewish Museum in New York, New York, and immediately began to take the institution in a more contemporary direction, mounting Robert Rauschenberg's first retrospective in 1963, and a major Jasper Johns retrospective in 1964. Also, in 1963, Solomon was appointed the United States Commissioner for the 1964 Venice Biennale. He was determined to show "the major new indigenous tendencies, the peculiarly America spirt of the art" in works by two consecutive generations of artists, including Jasper Johns, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, and Robert Rauschenberg. With this in mind, and given the inadequacy of the existing space to house the installation he envisaged, Solomon secured a verbal agreement from Biennale officials to approve additional space for the American exhibition in an annex at the former American Consulate. The agreement was never formalized, however, and a series of administrative problems and controversies over the eligibility of the American submissions threatened to undermine Solomon's efforts. Nevertheless, Robert Rauschenberg became the first American to take the Grand Prize for foreign artist, and the attention garnered by the American exhibition monopolized press coverage of the Biennale. In response, Solomon stated publicly that "it is acknowledged on every hand that New York has replaced Paris as the world art capital."

Solomon subsequently left the Jewish Museum, having engendered resistance to leading the museum in a more experimental direction, away from the traditional Jewish educational aspects of its mission. In the mid-sixties he worked as a consultant and writer for a National Educational Television series entitled "U. S. A. Artists," which drew on artist interviews, many conducted by Solomon. He also wrote the text for Ugo Mulas's classic photographic study, New York: The New Art Scene (1967: Holt Rinehart and Winston).

In 1966 Solomon was hired by the United States Information Agency to organize the United States contribution to the Canadian World Exhibition in Montreal, known as Expo '67. His stunning American Painting Now installation placed large scale paintings by twenty-three artists, including Jim Dine, Ellsworth Kelly, Roy Lichtenstein, Barnett Newman, Claes Oldenburg, Robert Rauschenberg, and James Rosenquist, inside Buckminster Fuller's twenty-story Biosphere of Montreal.

Other important exhibitions organized by Solomon included Andy Warhol (1966) at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, which was only the second of two exhibitions dedicated to the artist; Dine-Oldenburg-Segal (1967) at the Art Gallery of Ontario and the Albright-Knox Art Gallery; and Young Italians (1968) at the Institute of Contemporary Art.

Solomon was also interested in contemporary theater and organized the First New York Theater Rally with Steve Paxton in 1965, a series of performances which combined new dance and a revival of the Happenings of the early 1960s, in which Claes Oldenburg, Jim Dine and others were involved.

Following a six-week appointment as a senior lecturer at the University of California, Irvine, in spring 1968, Solomon became chairman of the University's art department and director of the art gallery. His last exhibition, Painting in New York, 1944-1969 (1969-1970), was held at the Pasadena Art Museum and closed in January 1970, just a few weeks before Solomon's sudden death at the age of forty-nine.
Provenance:
The Leo Castelli Gallery served as executor of Solomon's estate, and donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1974 and 2007.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Alan R. Solomon papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- History -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters  Search this
Performance art  Search this
Art, Abstract -- United States  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theater  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Transcripts
Photographs
Interviews
Lithographs
Citation:
Alan R. Solomon papers, 1907-1970, bulk 1944-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.soloalan
See more items in:
Alan R. Solomon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-soloalan
Additional Online Media:

Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach

Creator:
Gerlach, Margarett  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Pan-American Exposition (1901: Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Gerlach, Gustave, b. 1866  Search this
Konti, Isidore, 1862-1938  Search this
McGuigan, John F., Jr. (John Fuller)  Search this
McGuigan, Mary K.  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1892-circa 1915
Summary:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.
Scope and Contents:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.

Papers include lists of artwork for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, in St. Louis, Missouri.

Photographs number approximately 250 and document the studio practice and work of Karl Bitter and Gustave Gerlach during Gerlach's tenure in Bitter's studio. Photos include images of Bitter, Gerlach, Isidore Konti, Joseph Sibbel, and other sculptors and studio assistants, and depict important works in progress such as Bitter's Alexander Hamilton and monumental sculpture for the 1901, 1904, and 1915 expositions, including Bitter's Standard Bearer (1901) and Adolph Weinman's Destiny of the Red Man (1904).

As a child Gerlach's daughter, Margarett, evidently spent time watching her father at work. She compiled this collection of photographs and papers and provided historical context in notes on the versos of some of the items.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Papers, circa 1892-circa 1915 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Photographs, circa 1895-circa 1915 (0.7 linear feet Boxes 1-2, OVs 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian born sculptor Karl Bitter (1867-1915) was active in New York City, New York. He exhibited his works at worldwide expositions and examples of his sculpture and memorials can be found throughout the United States. Sculptor Gustave Gerlach (b. 1866) was a pupil and colleague of Bitter's and was also active in New York City.

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter was born in Vienna, Austria, where he trained as a sculptor. While serving in the Austrian military in 1889, Bitter immigrated to the United States and applied for citizenship. Ultimately, Bitter settled in New York City and worked as an assistant in a home decorating firm while establishing his reputation as a sculptor. After working as a sculptor at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and as director at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, in 1901, Bitter was named head of the sculpture programs at both the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri, and the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, California. Bitter was awarded the silver medal of the Paris Exposition, 1900; the gold medal of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901; and the gold medal at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904.

Bitter offered work to sculptor Gustave Gerlach after seeing some of his sculpture. Gerlach subsequently assisted Bitter at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition as superintendent of sculpture, and at the 1904 and 1915 expositions. Following Bitter's sudden death in 1915, Gerlach proposed the execution of a memorial fountain for him in Weehawken, New Jersey, based on an original design by Bitter. However, due to anti-German sentiment in the United States at that time, Gerlach was unable to proceed with the memorial and ultimately returned the money he had raised for the fountain.

Bitter and Gerlach worked with many prominent sculptors of the day, including Isidore Konti, Adolph Weinman, and Alexander Stirling Calder who was named acting-chief of the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. Bitter and Calder both employed the services of renowned model Audrey Munson.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Karl Theodore Francis Bitter Papers, 1887-circa 1977.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 2019 by Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr., art historians and collectors in Milford, Pennsylvania, who purchased the collection at auction. The collection was originally complied by Gustave's daughter, Margarett.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Citation:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gerlmarg
See more items in:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gerlmarg
Additional Online Media:

ArtTable, Inc. records, 1980-2013

Creator:
ArtTable, Inc.  Search this
Subject:
Tromble, Meredith  Search this
Albers, Patricia  Search this
Tuchman, Phyllis  Search this
Gregory, Louise  Search this
Weiss, Dorothy  Search this
Stone, Jeremy  Search this
Anglim, Paule  Search this
Braunstein, Ruth  Search this
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6451
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215603
AAA_collcode_arttabl
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215603

Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers

Creator:
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Names:
American Arts Alliance  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
San Francisco Chronicle (Firm)  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Decker, Joseph, 1853-1924  Search this
Haberle, John, 1856-1933  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Ives, Charles, 1874-1954  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Mount, William Sidney, 1807-1868  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Peto, John Frederick, 1854-1907  Search this
Extent:
19.1 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Date:
1875-1985
Summary:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.

Biographical materials include awards, museum passes from the 1970s, school records, and a scrapbook documenting Frankenstein's career at the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found is his father's medical school diploma.

Largely professional in nature, Frankenstein's correspondence is with galleries, museums and institutions, colleges and universities, as well as art historians and museum colleagues including Paul Jenkins, Stanton MacDonald-Wright, and Thomas E. Ripley.

General writings are on subjects such as music, art, California, and the Ronald P. Murdock art collection. It is likely that some writings may be drafts for articles that later appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found are three notebooks, a recorded interview, recorded lectures by Frankenstein and by others.

The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's extensive research files on American sill-life painting in the nineteenth-century. Research topics focus primarily on artists John Haberle (including sketches by Haberle), William Michael Harnett, William Sidney Mount, and John Frederick Peto; however, some files are found for collectors, dealers, and subjects. Files are found both for the research and writing of Frankenstein's books, After the Hunt (1953) and The World of Copley: 1738-1815 (1970). Contents of the research files vary but many contain correspondence, photographs, notes and writings, provenance research, printed materials, and photocopied and original primary documents. Additional research files are also found in Series 5, Exhibition Files.

Files concerning exhibitions curated or organized by Frankenstein include Artist Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Gallery of Art, an exhibition at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, and the World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art (1974). Files contain loan agreements, gallery plans, photographs, writings, correspondence, and printed materials.

Frankenstein's professional activities files include material about his job as a music critic at the San Francisco Chronicle, and records documenting his participation in the American Arts Alliance and the San Francisco Arts Commission. Also found are scattered student writings, lecture notes, and some correspondence from his teaching position at the University of California, Berkeley.

An appraisal for a Joseph Decker work, the estate records of Sylvia Frankenstein, general receipts for purchases and shipping records, and vehicle ownership records comprise Frankenstein's personal business records.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, magazines, and blank postcards. Also found are eight commercial audio recordings, including a musical piece by Charles Ives on cassette, and six phonograph records that are likely of music. A cassette entitled "Heritage of American Art" may be from an exhibition of the same title held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1975. Personal photographs include snapshots of Frankenstein with his family and portraits of him, as well as a photocopy of a family photo album. The bulk of the photographs are of artwork.

There are six unidentified sound recordings.
Biographical / Historical:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein (1906-1981) was an art historian, writer, art and music critic, and educator active in San Francisco, California.

Frankenstein was born in 1906 in Chicago, Illinois. He studied at the University of Chicago but moved to San Francisco to take a job as a music critic for the San Francisco Chronicle . Later, the position expanded to include critiques of visual art and art exhibitions. He remained at the San Francisco Chronicle until 1979, concentrating only on art from 1965.

He was an expert on 19th century American still-life and his notable book, After The Hunt (1953), examined the American trompe-l'œil movement in late 19th century and early 20th-century through the work of painters William Harnett and John Frederick Peto. He also authored The World of Copley: 1738-1815 in 1970. Frankenstein curated several major exhibitions, including American Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Portrait Gallery and the 1974 World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art..

An educator, Frankenstein was a professor of Art History at the University of California at Berkeley (1940-1974), Stanford University (1973-1981), and at Mills College (1945-1974), where he also taught American music.
Related Materials:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are two oral histories with Alfred Frankenstein, one conducted by Mary McChesney on November 9th, 1965 and the other conducted by Paul Karlstrom from 1978 to 1979. Additionally, Frankenstein donated one sketchbook and twelve loose sketches that are cataloged as a separate collection: the William Harnett sketches, 1870.
Provenance:
Alfred Frankenstein donated some of his papers in 1972, and lent materials for microfilming in 1978. His estate, handled by his son John Frankenstein, donated the materials original loaned as well as additional records in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art critics -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art historians -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers, 1875-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.franalfr
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franalfr
Additional Online Media:

Alan R. Solomon papers, 1907-1970, bulk 1944-1970

Creator:
Solomon, Alan R.  Search this
Subject:
Stella, Frank  Search this
Fahlström, Öyvind  Search this
Paxton, Steve  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Louis, Morris  Search this
Childs, Lucinda  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Hay, Deborah  Search this
Dunn, Judith  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Kron, Joan  Search this
Rainier, Yvonne  Search this
Moore, Peter  Search this
McElroy, Robert R.  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Finkelstein, Nat  Search this
Rosenquist, James  Search this
Oldenburg, Patty  Search this
Bontecou, Lee  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Provinciali, Michele  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Novick, Elizabeth  Search this
Greenberg, Jeanine  Search this
Scull, Ethel  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Sabol, Audrey  Search this
Reed, Lou  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Schute, Terry  Search this
Grisi, Laura  Search this
Chamberlain, John Angus  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Sisler, Mary  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Redon, Odilon  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Sonnabend, Ileana  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Hay, Alex  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Whitman, Robert  Search this
Solomon, Alan R.  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute  Search this
Harvard University. Germanic Museum  Search this
Pasadena Art Museum  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Albright-Knox Art Gallery  Search this
Artforum  Search this
Cornell University  Search this
Velvet Underground (Musical group)  Search this
Amsterdam (Netherlands).Stedelijk Museum  Search this
University of California (1868-1952)  Search this
Art Gallery of Ontario  Search this
Centro de Artes Visuales (Instituto Torcuato Di Tella)  Search this
Once Group  Search this
Galerie Rive Droite  Search this
Biennale di Venezia  Search this
Expo 67  Search this
Topic:
Curators  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Educators  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Lithographs  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Authors  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Performance art  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Theater  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7165
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209301
AAA_collcode_soloalan
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209301
Additional Online Media:

Walter Heil papers, 1929-1973

Creator:
Heil, Walter, 1890-1973  Search this
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7706
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209870
AAA_collcode_heilwalt
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209870

Richard Fitzgerald papers, 1930-1972

Creator:
Fitzgerald, Richard  Search this
Subject:
Sloan, John French  Search this
Sloan, Helen Farr  Search this
Becker, Maurice  Search this
Chamberlain, Kenneth Russell  Search this
Topic:
Art historians  Search this
Cartooning  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Exhibition catalogs  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8179
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210350
AAA_collcode_fitzrich
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210350

Peter Howard Selz papers, 1929-2018, bulk 1950-2005

Creator:
Selz, Peter Howard, 1919-2019  Search this
Subject:
Bury, Pol  Search this
Paris, Harold Persico  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Golub, Leon  Search this
Baykam, Bedri  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Lindner, Richard  Search this
Giacometti, Alberto  Search this
Graves, Morris  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Hadzi, Dimitri  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Conner, Bruce  Search this
Petlin, Irving  Search this
Chase-Riboud, Barbara  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Bergman, Ciel  Search this
Benton, Fletcher Chapman  Search this
Beckmann, Max  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Christo  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Marlborough Gallery  Search this
San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (Calif.)Art Council  Search this
University of California, Berkeley.University Art Museum  Search this
College Art Association (U.S.)  Search this
Pomona College (Claremont, Calif.)  Search this
Topic:
Ceramics  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Political cartoons  Search this
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Art  Search this
Authors  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Realism in art  Search this
Environmental art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8464
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210640
AAA_collcode_selzpete
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210640
Additional Online Media:

Douglas MacAgy papers, 1916-1973

Creator:
MacAgy, Douglas, 1913-1973  Search this
Subject:
Murphy, Gerald Clery  Search this
Lipman, Jean  Search this
Russell, Morgan  Search this
Topic:
Arts administrators  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9030
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211219
AAA_collcode_macadoug
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211219

Erle Loran papers, 1912-1999

Creator:
Loran, Erle, 1905-1999  Search this
Subject:
Levinson, Harry  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew Michael  Search this
Schaefer, Bertha  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Haley, John Charles  Search this
Wilke, Ulfert  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Sabean, Samuel  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute  Search this
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco  Search this
Friends of Ethnic Art  Search this
University of California, Berkeley  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9167
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211362
AAA_collcode_loraerle
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211362
Additional Online Media:

Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers, 1875-1985

Creator:
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor, 1906-1981  Search this
Subject:
Decker, Joseph  Search this
Mount, William Sidney  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
Peto, John Frederick  Search this
Haberle, John  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Harnett, William Michael  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Ives, Charles  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
American Arts Alliance  Search this
San Francisco Chronicle (Firm)  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Art  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10066
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212928
AAA_collcode_franalfr
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212928
Additional Online Media:

Research material on Ronald Bladen and Les Levine, 1931-1991

Creator:
Berkson, Bill, 1939-2016  Search this
Subject:
Levine, Les  Search this
Bladen, Ronald  Search this
Topic:
Art museum curators  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Mass media and art  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10813
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214548
AAA_collcode_berkbill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214548

Ferdinand Perret research material on California art and artists, 1769-1942

Creator:
Perret, Ferdinand, 1888-1960  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Artists  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Missions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5522
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214735
AAA_collcode_perrferd
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214735

Kate Steinitz papers, circa 1910-2002

Creator:
Steinitz, Kate Traumann, 1889-1975  Search this
Subject:
Höch, Hannah  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Graeff, Werner  Search this
Leonardo  Search this
Berg, Ilse  Search this
van Biema, Carrie  Search this
Nebel, Otto  Search this
Schwitters, Kurt  Search this
Lissitzky, El  Search this
Gabo, Naum  Search this
Steinitz, Kate Traumann  Search this
Mondrian, Piet  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Art  Search this
Berlinische Galerie  Search this
Germanisches Nationalmuseum NÞurnberg  Search this
Elmer Belt Library of Vinciana  Search this
Topic:
Curators  Search this
Collages  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Journals (accounts)  Search this
Librarians  Search this
Manuscripts  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Dadaism  Search this
Art  Search this
Travel diaries  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Visitors' books  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216575
AAA_collcode_steikate
Theme:
Women
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216575
Additional Online Media:

Judith Wilson papers, 1966-2010

Creator:
Wilson, Judith, 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Thompson, Bob (Robert Louis)  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16064
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)322805
AAA_collcode_wilsjudi
Theme:
Women
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_322805
Additional Online Media:

Mary Fuller McChesney papers, 1949-2011

Creator:
McChesney, Mary Fuller, 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Varda, Jean  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Morehouse, William Paul  Search this
Jefferson, Jack  Search this
Bothwell, Dorr Hodgson  Search this
Kelly, James  Search this
Briggs, Ernest  Search this
Brown, Joan  Search this
Weeks, James  Search this
Hultberg, John  Search this
Pollakoff, Leonard  Search this
Goya, Jorge  Search this
Dugmore, Edward  Search this
Parker, Raymond  Search this
Saccaro, John M.  Search this
Remington, Deborah Williams  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy Radcliffe  Search this
Grillo, John  Search this
Martin, Madeline  Search this
Shoemaker, Peter  Search this
Schueler, Jon R.  Search this
MacAgy, Douglas  Search this
Kuhlman, Walter Egel  Search this
Roeber, Phil  Search this
Dixon, James Budd  Search this
Smith, Hassel Wendell  Search this
Corbett, Edward  Search this
Grachis, Dimitri  Search this
Locks, Seymour  Search this
Calcagno, Lawrence  Search this
Spohn, Clay Edgar  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Authors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6528
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)370975
AAA_collcode_mcchmary
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_370975

Victor Zamudio-Taylor papers, 1982-2012

Creator:
Zamudio-Taylor, Victor, 1956-2013  Search this
Subject:
Pitta, Thiago Rocha  Search this
Fundación Jumex Arte Contemporáneo  Search this
Topic:
Art historians  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Curators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17410
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)384353
AAA_collcode_zamuvict
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_384353

Oral history interview with James S. Ackerman, 1991 January 2

Interviewee:
Ackerman, James S., 1919-2016  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Krautheimer, Richard  Search this
Focillon, Henri  Search this
Lehmann, Karl  Search this
Panofsky, Erwin  Search this
New York University.Institute of Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12233
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215763
AAA_collcode_ackerm91
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215763
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mary Fuller McChesney, 1994 Sept. 28

Interviewee:
McChesney, Mary Fuller, 1922-  Search this
Interviewer:
Landauer, Susan  Search this
Subject:
MacAgy, Douglas  Search this
Martin, Agnes Bernice  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Vicente, Esteban  Search this
Marca-Relli, Conrad  Search this
Spohn, Clay Edgar  Search this
Corbett, Edward  Search this
Smith, Hassel Wendell  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Ribak, Louis  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Mandelman, Beatrice  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Kees, Weldon  Search this
Park, David  Search this
McChesney, Robert  Search this
Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12498
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215789
AAA_collcode_mcches94
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215789
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jacinto Quirarte, 1996 Aug. 15-16

Interviewee:
Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
San Francisco State University  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13553
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216422
AAA_collcode_quirar96
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216422
Additional Online Media:

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By