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Henry Ossawa Tanner papers

Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Académie Julian  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Old American Art Club (Paris, France)  Search this
Carpenter, J.S.  Search this
Curtis, Atherton  Search this
Tanner, Jesse O., 1903-  Search this
Tanner, Jessie O., 1873-1925  Search this
Taverty, J.J.  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Photographs
Date:
1860s-1978
bulk 1890-1937
Summary:
The papers of the expatriate African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner measure 2.3 linear feet and date from the 1860s to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1890 to 1937. Found in the papers are scattered biographical, family, and legal materials; twenty-seven folders of correspondence with family, friends, patrons, and galleries; writings and notes by Tanner and others; a small amount of printed material; numerous photographs of Tanner, his studio in Paris and home in Trepied, Normandy, his family, friends, fellow artists, and his artwork. Additional photographs include a circa 1890 shot of Tanner with fellow students at the Académie Julian and another depicting Tanner with members of the American Art Club in Paris, circa 1900. Also found are a few sketches and drawings.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the expatriate African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner measure 2.3 linear feet and date from the 1860s to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1890 to 1937. Found in the papers are scattered biographical, family, and legal materials; twenty-seven folders of correspondence with family, friends, patrons, and galleries; writings and notes by Tanner and others; a small amount of printed material; numerous photographs of Tanner, his family, friends, his artwork, and the galleries at the Chicago Art Institute; and a few sketches and drawings.

Biographical material contains identification documents, awards, family and personal bibles, scattered records of his membership in the Societe Artistique de Picardie and the American Expeditionary Forces, address books, family history, a file concerning a lawsuit against the Bethel A.M.E. Church, and a few records documenting the sale of his artwork. Tanner's personal and professional correspondence is with his wife Jessie, his family, friends, patrons, art galleries, and others. Letters are from various family members, his closest friend Atherton Curtis and his wife Ingeborg, friend J.S. Carpenter who was president of the Des Moines Association of Fine Arts and arranged for sales of Tanner's work in the mid-west, Grand Central Art Galleries in New York, and J.J. Taverty who purchased Tanner's work for the High Museum in Atlanta. Topics of note covered in the correspondence include the sale and exhibition of his artwork and his work for the Red Cross.

Writings and Notes by Tanner include two small notebooks, one of which he kept during his travels in Europe and Palestine in 1897. Also found are his scattered loose writings, jottings, and other notes on various subjects, including autobiographical notes. Writings by others include notes and an essay by his wife Jessie, and a manuscript, "The Life and Works of Henry O. Tanner," by his son Jesse. Printed Materials document Tanner's career and other interests through exhibition announcements, news clippings, printed reproductions of artwork, a published autobiographical essay, and other miscellaneous items. The collection includes numerous photographs of Tanner, family and friends, his studio in Paris, his home in Trepied and in Spain, travels, and artwork. Additional photographs include a circa 1890 shot of Tanner with students at the Académie Julian and another depicting Tanner with members of the American Art Club in Paris, circa 1900. Artwork consists of an ink drawing of a Paris studio and pencil sketches by Tanner.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1890-1937 (Box 1, 4, OV 5; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1890-1978 (Box 1, OV 5; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1897-circa 1950s (Box 1-2, OV 5; 9 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1897-1975 (Box 2, OV 5; 9 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, 1860s-1943 (Box 3, OV 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork, 1891-1893 (Box 3; 2 folders)
Biographical Note:
African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859-1937) was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Benjamin Tucker Tanner, a college-educated teacher and minister, and Sarah Miller Tanner, a former slave. Benjamin Tanner was very active in the African Methodist Episcopal (A. M. E.) Church, eventually becoming a bishop, and the family often moved while Henry was a small child. They settled in Philadelphia, and as a teenager, Tanner spent his free time painting, drawing, and visiting art galleries. In 1880 he enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where he studied under several master art instructors, including Thomas Eakins who greatly influenced his early work.

Tanner moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 1888 and opened a photography gallery which was not very successful. After teaching briefly at Clark College, a sponsorship from his patrons Bishop and Mrs. Joseph Crane Hartzell allowed him to travel to Europe in 1891 and study at the Académie Julian in Paris. There he was taught by Jean Joseph Benjamin-Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens. After returning to Philadelphia in late 1892, he painted many works depicting African American subjects, including The Banjo Lesson (1893). He returned to Paris in 1894. There, his work began to receive favorable reviews, particularly at the Paris Solon for his biblical scenes. Tanner began to specialize in painting bible imagery and scenes, and traveled to Palestine in 1897 and 1898 and later to Morocco to study costumes, customs, and cityscapes.

In 1899 Tanner married Jessie Macauley Olssen, a young woman from San Francisco living in Paris. Also around this time reproductions of his artwork were published in a few popular American magazines, and Tanner began to receive praise for his artwork in the United States. Tanner, however, objected to being labeled as "Negro artist". Despite their misgivings, the couple moved back to the United States for a short time. Their son, Jesee Ossawa Tanner was born in 1903. One year later Tanner and his wife returned to Paris and made it their lifelong permanent home, only occasionally visiting the United States for exhibitions of his work. They also maintained a leisure farm in Trepied, Normandy.

Tanner continued to exhibit his work in Paris, develop his painting technique and imagery, and travel, becoming friends with many artists throughout Europe. In 1913 he became president of the Societe Artistique de Picardie and during World War I he worked for the American Red Cross in France. In 1923 he was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in France for his work as an artist. Tanner became affiliated with Grand Central Art Galleries and other dealers in the United States and had great success there during the 1920s. When Jessie Tanner died in 1925 Henry was grief stricken and remained in poor health for the remainder of his life. He continued to paint occasionally until his death in 1937.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the Marcia M. Mathews papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1937-1969, available on microfilm reels 64 and 3268. Archives of American Art microfilm reel 4399 contains the Alexander family papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1912-1985, the originals of which are housed in the University of Pennsylvania Archives. Microfilm reel 4397 is a copy of the the Henry O. Tanner letters to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1885-1909, loaned for microfilming by the Academy.
Provenance:
The Henry Ossawa Tanner papers were donated in several increments by his son, Jesse O. Tanner, between 1967 to 1978. Additional papers were donated by Jesse O. Tanner through Marcia M. Mathews, who was in possession of Tanner's papers to write Tanner's biography. Four medals were transferred to the Archives from the National Museum of African Art.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Henry Ossawa Tanner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
African American painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Photographs
Citation:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978 (bulk 1890-1937). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tannhenr
See more items in:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tannhenr
Additional Online Media:

Photographs of Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Collection Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Container:
Box 3 (hol), Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1905
1913
1910
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Henry Ossawa Tanner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978 (bulk 1890-1937). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers / Series 5: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-tannhenr-ref90

Art Institute of Chicago

Collection Creator:
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 31
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942-1973
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce must be obtained from Juliet Kepes Stone or Imre Kepes.
Collection Citation:
Gyorgy Kepes papers, 1909-2003, bulk 1935-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Gyorgy Kepes papers
Gyorgy Kepes papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kepegyor-ref34

Interview with Jefferson Pinder | Outwin 2019 juror

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-10-31T20:38:18.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1KD8Jjac7yc

Hide/Seek: "Untitled(Portrait of Ross in L.A.)" by Felix Gonzalez-Torres - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-07T21:42:22.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_37bSb-aQ4BM

Hide/Seek: Portraits by Felix Gonzalez-Torres and David Wojnarowicz - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-04-08T15:50:26.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_4iiLMJru7SY

Artist María Martínez-Cañas in "Staging the Self" - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-04-09T15:30:24.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_JxOu9DuXuYM

The #ObamaPortraitsTour is coming 2021!

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2020-01-23T14:00:09.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_xlmkSiUDooA

Jerry Saltz - Clarice Smith Distinguished Lecture Series - Smithsonian American Art Museum

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-11-26T15:30:25.000Z
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
americanartmuseum
YouTube Channel:
americanartmuseum
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_lAH-SmHfSPw

[Trade catalogs from Art Institute of Chicago Museum Shop]

Company Name:
Art Institute of Chicago Museum Shop  Search this
Notes content:
gift catalog ; jewelry ; advent calendar ; art ; figurines ; ornaments ; carpets ; toys ; games
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Color images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Date range:
1900s-2000s
Topic (Romaine term):
Ceramics; pottery; glass; crystal; china; bricks; and stones  Search this
Clothing (including hats; shoes; accessories; etc)  Search this
Curios; novelties and souvenirs  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Textiles and textile machinery  Search this
Toys and games  Search this
Topic:
Ceramics  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Collectibles  Search this
Dress accessories  Search this
Games  Search this
Glass  Search this
Hats  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Novelties  Search this
Porcelain  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Shoes  Search this
Souvenirs (Keepsakes)  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Textile machinery industry  Search this
Toy making  Search this
Toys  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_42532
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_42532

Modern Art in Advertising: Designs for Container Corporation, Art Institute of Chicago

Designer:
Herbert Bayer, American, b. Austria, active Germany and USA, 1900–1985  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on brown paper
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1945
Credit Line:
Museum purchase with funding provided by the Buddy Taub Foundation, Dennis A. Roach and Jill Roach Directors
Accession Number:
2016-54-192
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2016-54-192
Additional Online Media:

Cocktail Shaker

Designer:
Peer Smed, American, 1878–1943  Search this
Medium:
Silver
Type:
metalwork
Exhibitions
Cocktail Shaker
Made in:
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Date:
1931
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Restricted gift of Quinn E. Delaney; Wesley M. Dixon, Jr. Fund, 1990.179
Accession Number:
34.2016.1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.1

Vase

Designer:
René Buthaud , French, 1886–1986  Search this
Medium:
Lead-glazed earthenware with polychrome decoration
Type:
ceramics
Exhibitions
Vase
Made in:
France
Date:
ca. 1924
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Arthur T. Aldis and Russell Tyson, 1924.980
Accession Number:
34.2016.3
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.3

Regenbogen (Rainbow)

Producer:
Wiener Werkstätte, Vienna, Austria, 1903–1932  Search this
Medium:
Silk, plain weave; block printed
Type:
printed, dyed & painted textiles
Exhibitions
Dress or Furnishing Fabric
Object Name:
Dress or Furnishing Fabric
Produced in:
Vienna, Austria
Date:
1919
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Robert Allerton, 1924.211
Accession Number:
34.2016.4
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.4

Panel (Dress or Furnishing Fabric)

Designer:
Léon Bakst, Russian, born Belarus, 1866–1924  Search this
Manufacturer:
Robinson Silk Company  Search this
For:
Clingen and Selig  Search this
Medium:
Silk, twill weave; screen printed
Type:
printed, dyed & painted textiles
Exhibitions
Panel (Dress or Furnishing Fabric)
Manufactured in:
New York, New York, USA
Date:
Designed 1922; produced 1924
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Robert Allerton, 1924.184
Accession Number:
34.2016.5
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.5

Armchair

Designer:
Josef Albers, German, 1888–1976, active USA, 1933–1976  Search this
Manufacturer:
Bauhaus, German, 1919–1933  Search this
Medium:
Wood, possibly elm, walnut and maple veneers, ebonized fruitwood, modern horsehair pholstery
Type:
furniture
Exhibitions
Armchair
Manufactured in:
Dessau, Germany
Date:
ca. 1927
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Bequest of Dr. Fritz Moellenhoff and Dr. Anna Moellenhoff, 1982.76
Accession Number:
34.2016.7
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.7

Carpet

Designer:
E. McKnight Kauffer, American, 1890–1954  Search this
Manufacturer:
The Wilton Royal Carpet Factory, Ltd., Wilton, England  Search this
Medium:
Hemp and wool, plain weave with supplementary wrapping wefts forming cut solid pile
Type:
woven textiles
Exhibitions
Carpet
Manufactured in:
Wilton, England
Date:
1929
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Royalties from The Warner Fund, 1987.21
Accession Number:
34.2016.8
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.8

Die Frucht

Designer:
Gustav Oppel , German, 1891–1978  Search this
Medium:
Hard-paste porcelain
Type:
ceramics
Exhibitions
Figure
Object Name:
Figure
Made in:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1925
Credit Line:
Lent by The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Arthur T. Aldis & Russell Tyson, 1925.748
Accession Number:
34.2016.9
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_34.2016.9

Chicago, Naissance d’une métropole [Birth of a metropolis] 1872–1922

Designer:
Philippe Apeloig, French, b. 1962  Search this
Printer:
Jacques London/Bedos  Search this
Publisher:
Musée D'Orsay, Paris, France  Search this
Medium:
Screenprint on paper
Type:
figures
Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Designed in:
Paris, France
Date:
1987
Credit Line:
Museum purchase from General Acquisitions Endowment Fund
Accession Number:
2015-6-1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Philippe Apeloig
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2015-6-1

Andy Warhol, A Retrospective

Featured Artist:
Andy Warhol, American, 1928–1987  Search this
Client:
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Founded 1929  Search this
Medium:
Paper
Type:
packaging designs
Shopping bag
Object Name:
Shopping bag
Date:
1988
Credit Line:
Gift of Judith G. Bergoffen
Accession Number:
2000-53-14
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2000-53-14

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