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Ape Service Vehicles, Cars 2

Artist:
Willy Hwang  Search this
Creator:
Pixar Animation Studios  Search this
Medium:
Digital painting
Type:
Exhibitions
Concept art
Object Name:
Concept art
Date:
2011
Credit Line:
Courtesy of Pixar Animation Studios
Accession Number:
Pixar Cars 2 20
Rights:
© Disney/Pixar
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_Pixar_Cars_2_20

Richard L. Hay papers

Creator:
Hay, Richard L. (Richard LeRoy), 1926-  Search this
Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972  Search this
Leakey, Mary D. (Mary Douglas), 1913-1996  Search this
Extent:
15.97 Linear feet ((13 document boxes, 3 flat boxes, 8 card file boxes, and 1 oversized box) plus 1 CD-RW and 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)
Laetoli Site (Tanzania)
Date:
1953-2005
Summary:
Richard LeRoy Hay was a geologist, known for his contributions to sedimentary petrography and archaeological geology. This collection contains field notebooks, maps, photographs, data, and documentation of geological specimens he collected, primarily in Africa, but also in the United States, Europe, and Asia. He was known for his work with Mary Leakey, in which he provided the geological framework for Olduvai Gorge and Laetoli in Tanzania.
Scope and Contents:
This collection comprises the professional papers of Richard LeRoy Hay. Among his papers are his correspondence with Mary D. and Louis S. B. Leakey and his research at Olduvai Gorge and Laetoli, consisting of his field notebooks, maps, photographs, data, and documentation of geological specimens he collected. Also in the collection is his research at other sites in East Africa, including Kerimasi and Oldoinyo Lengai in Tanzania and Rusinga Island in Kenya. To a lesser extent (although still a significant amount) in the collection is the documentation of Hay's research in the United States. Present are field notebooks and photographs from his research in Amargosa, Nevada which served as a geologic analog for Olduvai. Also in the collection are field notebooks spanning from 1958 to 2004 containing his notes on his research in Oregon, Hawaii, Wyoming, California, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Wisconsin, and other regions in the country. Mixed in are notes from his research in other countries including Pakistan, Scotland, and France. The collection includes his field notebooks from his service in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, during which he spent some time in Japan. There are no notes from his work as a geologist for the U.S. Geological Survey.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into 8 series: (1) Correspondence with Louis and Mary Leakey, 1961-1970, 1988-1996; (2) East Africa Research, 1958-2005; (3) Non-East Africa Research, 1953-2004; (4) Sample Descriptions, 1956-2001; (5) Specimen Sample Lists, 1959-1998; (6) Publications, 1959-2004; (7) Photographs, 1957-1972, 1989-2001; (8) Fieldwork Tools, undated
Biographical Note:
Richard LeRoy Hay was a geologist, known for his contributions to sedimentary petrography and archaeological geology. He worked closely with Mary Leakey for more than thirty years and provided the geological framework for Olduvai Gorge and Laetoli in Tanzania.

Hay was born on April 29, 1926 in Goshen, Indiana. He attended Ursinus College briefly (1944-45) before transferring to Northwestern University, where he received his B.S. (1946) and M.S. (1948) in geology. In 1952, he earned his Ph.D. in geology from Princeton University and served in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (1952-54).

After leaving the army, Hay worked as a geologist for the U.S. Geological Survey (1954-1955) and in 1955 began his academic career at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (1955-57). In 1957 he accepted a position at University of California, Berkeley and remained there until his retirement in 1983. From 1983 to 1997, Hay was Ralph E. Grim Professor of Geology at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, and later had an appointment as adjunct professor at the University of Arizona, Tucson (1998-2006).

Hay made his first trip to Olduvai Gorge in 1962 and continued to research and publish numerous articles on Olduvai for the next four decades. His most significant publication was his monograph, Geology of the Olduvai Gorge (1976), in which he provided a detailed study of the geologic history of Olduvai, placing hominid remains and other archaeological findings at the site in a paleogeographic context. Also significant was his geological analysis of tuff at Laetoli bearing early hominid footprints; he coauthored with Mary Leakey "Pliocene Footprints in the Laetolil Beds at Laetoli, Northern Tanzania" (1979) and "The Fossil Footprints of Laetoli" (1982).

In addition to Olduvai Gorge and Laetoli, Hay conducted geological fieldwork at Oldoinyo Lengai, Ngorongoro caldera, and Kerimasi volcano in Tanzania, as well as Rusinga Island, Lake Magadi, Amboseli, and Mount Suswa in Kenya. He also worked at several sites in the United States, including the John Day region of Oregon, the Green River formation in Wyoming, Amargosa Desert in Nevada, and Searles Lake in California. Additionally, he worked in west-central Wisconsin where he discovered the replacement of uppermost Precambrian and Cambrian-Ordovician rocks by low-temperature potassium-feldspar.

During his lifetime, Hay received many honors for his accomplishments in geology. He was a Fellow of the Geological Society of America, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and California Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the Geological Society of America's Kirk Bryan Award in 1978 and the Rip Rapp Archeological Geology Award in 2000. In 2001, he received the Leakey Foundation's Leakey Prize, awarded for intellectual achievement in the field of human evolution. Posthumously, a memorial was held for Hay at the GSA annual meeting in 2007.

Hay died at the age of 79 on February 10, 2006.

Sources Consulted

Ashley, Gail and Enrique Merino. "Memorial to Richard Leroy Hay (1926-2006)." Geological Society of America Memorials, 35 (2006): 39-43.

"Curriculum vitae and letter." Series 2. East Africa Research. Richard L. Hay papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Chronology

1926 -- Born April 29 in Goshen, Indiana

1946 -- Earns B.S. in geology from Northwestern University

1948 -- Earns M.S. in geology from Northwestern University

1952 -- Earns Ph.D. in geology from Princeton University

1952-1954 -- Serves in U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

1954-1955 -- Geologist for the U.S. Geological Survey

1955-1957 -- Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

1957-1983 -- Professor at University of California, Berkeley

1962 -- First visit to Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania

1978 -- Awarded Kirk Bryan Award by Geological Society of America

1983-1997 -- Ralph E. Grim Professor of Geology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

1998-2006 -- Adjunct Professor at University of Arizona, Tucson

2000 -- Awarded Rip Rapp Archeological Geology Award by Geological Society of America

2001 -- Awarded Leakey Prize by the Leakey Foundation

2006 -- Died at the age of 79 on February 10

Selected Bibliography

1963 -- Hay, Richard L. and John Stark. "Geology and Petrography of Volcanic Rocks of the Truk Islands, East Caroline Islands." U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 409, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1963. Hay, Richard L. "Stratigraphy of Beds I through IV, Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika." Science 139, no. 3557 (1963): 829–833. Hay, Richard L. "Zeolitic Weathering in Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika." Geological Society of America Bulletin 74, no. 10 (1963): 1281-1286. Hay, Richard L. "Stratigraphy and Zeolitic Diagenesis of the John Day Formation of Oregon." University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 42, no. 5 (1963): 199-262.

1966 -- Hay, Richard L. "Zeolites and Zeolitic Reactions in Sedimentary Rocks." Geological Society of America Special Paper 85, Geological Society of America, New York, 1966.

1968 -- Hay, Richard L. and A. Iijima. "Analcime Composition in Tuffs on the Green River formation of Wyoming." American Mineralogist 53 (January-February 1968): 184-200. Hay, Richard L. "Petrology of Palagonite Tuffs of Koko Craters on Oahu, Hawaii." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 17, no. 2 (1968): 141-154.

1970 -- Hay, Richard L. "Silicate Reactions in Three Lithofacies of a Semiarid Basin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania." Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 3 (1970): 237-255.

1972 -- Hay, Richard L. and G.H. Curtis. "Further Geologic Studies and K-Ar Dating of Olduvai Gorge and Ngorongoro Crater." In Calibration of Human Evolution, edited by W.W. Bishop and J.A. Miller, 289-301. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1972.

1973 -- Hay, Richard L. "Lithofacies and Environments of Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania." Quaternary Research 3 (1973): 541-560.

1976 -- Hay, Richard L. Geology of the Olduvai Gorge. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976.

1978 -- Hay, Richard L. and R.K. Stoessell. "Geochemical Origin of Sepiolite and Kerolite at Amboseli, Kenya." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 65 (1978): 255-267.

1979 -- Hay, Richard L. and M.D. Leakey. "Pliocene footprints in the Laetolil beds at Laetoli, Northern Tanzania." Nature 278 (1979): 317-323.

1982 -- Hay, Richard L. and M.D. Leakey. "The Fossil Footprints of Laetoli." Scientific American 246 (1982): 50-57.

1983 -- Hay, Richard L. "Natrocarbonatite Tephra of Kerimasi Volcano, Tanzania." Geology 11, no. 10 (1983): 599-602.

1984 -- Hay, Richard L., H. Bowman, F.H. Stross, F. Asaro, R.F. Heizer, and H.V. Micel. "The Northern Colossus of Memnon: New Slants." Archaeometry 26 (1984), 218-229.

1986 -- Hay, Richard L., R.E. Pexton, T.T. Teague, and T.K. Kyser. "Spring-related Carbonate Rocks, Mg Clays, and Associated Minerals in Pliocene Deposits of the Amargosa Desert, Nevada and California." Geological Society of America Bulletin 97, no. 12(1986): 1488-1503.

1988 -- Hay, Richard L., F.H. Stross, F. Asaro, H.R. Bowman, and H.V. Michel. "Sources of the Quartzite of Some Ancient Egyptian Sculptures." Archaeometry 30, no. 1 (1988): 109-119.

1989 -- Hay, Richard L. "Holocene Carbonatite-Nephelinite Tephra Deposits of Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania." Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 37, no. 1 (1989): 77-91.

1991 -- Hay, Richard L., S.G. Guldman, J.C. Matthews, R.H. Lander, M.E. Duffin, and T.K. Kyser. "Clay Mineral Diagnesis in Core KM-3 of Searles Lake, California." Clays and Clay Minerals 39, no. 1 (1991): 84-96.

1993 -- Hay, Richard L. and R.H. Lander. "Hydrogeologic Control on Zeolitic Diagenesis of the White River Sequence." Geological Society of America Bulletin 105, no. 3 (1993): 361-376.

1999 -- Hay, Richard L., D.B. Finkelstein, and S.P. Altaner. "Origin and Diagenesis of Lacustrine Sediments, Upper Oligocene Creede Formation, Southwestern Colorado." Geological Society of America Bulletin 111, no. 8 (1999): 1175-1191.

2001 -- Hay, Richard L. and T.K. Kyser. "Chemical Sedimentology and Paleoenvironmental History of Lake Olduvai, a Pliocene Lake in Northern Tanzania." Geological Society of America Bulletin 113, no. 12 (2001): 1505-1521.

2003 -- Hay, Richard L., J. Liu, A. Deino, and T.K. Kyser. "Age and Origin of Authigenic K-feldspar in Uppermost Precambrian Rocks in the North American Midcontinent." Geological Society of America Bulletin 115, no. 4 (2003): 422-433.
Related Materials:
Hay's collections of thin sections and geological specimens from Olduvai Gorge, Laetoli, Oldoinyo Lengai, and Kerimasi volcano are held by the Smithsonian Insitution's Human Origins Program.

For other materials at the National Anthropological Archives relating to Olduvai and Laetoli, please see the Louise Marie Robbins papers.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in January 2009 by Richard L. Hay's widow, Lynn Hay.
Restrictions:
CD-RW containing scans of maps of Angata, Endulen, and Ngorngoro is restricted due to preservation concerns.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeological geology  Search this
Geology  Search this
Citation:
Richard L. Hay papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-09
See more items in:
Richard L. Hay papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-09

[Reprints]

Collection Creator:
Hay, Richard L. (Richard LeRoy), 1926-  Search this
Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972  Search this
Leakey, Mary D. (Mary Douglas), 1913-1996  Search this
Extent:
[2 of 3]
Container:
Box 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1984
Scope and Contents:
Contains

1979 -- [Encyclopedia entry for Olduvai Gorge]

1979 -- Globule Ignimbrite of Mount Suswa, Kenya

1978 -- Medals and Awards for 1978

Undated -- Environmental Setting of Hominid Activities in Bed I, Olduvai Gorge

1978 -- Volcanic Ash - Diagenesis

1978 -- Melilitite-Carbonatite Tuffs in the Laetolil Beds of Tanzania

1978 -- Calcretes of Olduvai Gorge and Ndolanya Beds of northern Tanzania

1978 -- The Geochemical Origin of Sepiolite and Kerolite at Amboseli, Kenya

Undated -- Isotopic evidence for dramatic climatic changes in East Africa during the Pleistocene

1976 -- Fossil hominids from the Laetolil Beds

1976 -- The Olduvai Event at Olduvai Gorge

1974 -- The MNK Chert Factory Site, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

1973 -- Lithofacies and Environments of Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

1972 -- Weathering of Basaltic Tephra on the Island of Hawaii

1972 -- Stratigraphy, archaeology, and age of the Ndutu and Naisiusiu Beds, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

1971 -- Geologic Background of Beds I and II Stratigraphic Summary

1984 -- Ther Northern Colossus of Memnon: New Slants

1964 -- Preliminary notes on the Stratigraphy of Beds I-IV, Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika

1965 -- Evernden and Curtis: Potassium-Argon Dating

1963 -- Stratigraphy of Beds I through IV, Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika

1963 -- Authigenic Silicate Minerals in Searles Lake, California

1966 -- Environment and Archeology

1967 -- Geomagnetic Polarity Epochs: New Data from Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika

1967 -- Stratigraphy and Paleoclimatic Interpretation of Beds I through IV in Olduvai Gorge

1967 -- Tuff lava

1967 -- Hominid-Bearing Deposits of Olduvai Gorge
Collection Restrictions:
CD-RW containing scans of maps of Angata, Endulen, and Ngorngoro is restricted due to preservation concerns.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Richard L. Hay papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Richard L. Hay papers
Richard L. Hay papers / Series 6: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-09-ref95

[Reprints]

Collection Creator:
Hay, Richard L. (Richard LeRoy), 1926-  Search this
Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972  Search this
Leakey, Mary D. (Mary Douglas), 1913-1996  Search this
Extent:
[3 of 3]
Container:
Box 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1971
1986-2003
Scope and Contents:
Contains

1967 -- Revised Stratigraphy of Olduvai Gorge

Undated -- [chart]

1968 -- Petrology of Palagonite Tuffs of Koko Craters, Oahu, Hawaii

1968 -- Chert and Its Sodium-Silicate Precursors in Sodium-Carbonate Lakes of East Africa

1970 -- Makatite, A New Hydrous Sodium Siliate Mineral from Lake Magadi, Kenya

1971 -- Geomagnetic Polarity Epochs: Age and Duration of the Olduvai Normal Polarity Event

1970 -- Paleomagnetism and Potassium-Argon Ages of Volcanic Rocks of Ngorongoro Caldera, Tanzania

1966 -- Zeolites and Zeolitic Reactions in Sedimentary Rocks

1964 -- Phillipsite of Saline Lakes and Soils

1963 -- Zeolitic Weathering in Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika

1990 -- Olduvai Gorge; A case history in the interpretation of hominid paleoenvironments in East Africa

1993 -- Zeolites and Clay Minerals at Olduvai Gorge: a Look Back

1992 -- Potassium-Argon Dating of Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, 1961-1972

1992 -- Tephrochronology of Bed I, Olduvai Gorge: An Application of Laser-Fusion 40AR/39AR Dating to Calibrating Biological and Climatic Change

1993 -- New Developments in the Geology of Natural Zeolites

2002 -- Sedimentation Patterns in a Plio-Pleistocene Volcaniclastic Rift-Platform Basin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

2003 -- Late Pliocene Homo and Hominid Land Use from Western Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

2003 -- Dating the Naisiusiu Beds, Olduvai Gorge, by electron spin resonance

1970 -- Silicate Reactions in three Lithofacies of a Semi-Arid Basin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

1986 -- An Isotopic Study of Paleosol Carbonates from Olduvai Gorge
Collection Restrictions:
CD-RW containing scans of maps of Angata, Endulen, and Ngorngoro is restricted due to preservation concerns.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Richard L. Hay papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Richard L. Hay papers
Richard L. Hay papers / Series 6: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-09-ref97

Lawrence Oschinsky papers

Creator:
Oschinsky, Lawrence, 1921-1965  Search this
Extent:
18 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1965
Summary:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his research and professional activities from 1940s-1965 as an American physical anthropologist, but include some personal materials as well. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his professional life and research on the racial affinities and evolutionary characteristics of various peoples. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Arrangement:
The Lawrence Oschinsky papers are organized into 9 series:

Series 1: Personal Information and Effects

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Education

Series 4: Research and Notes

Series 5: Published Works

Series 6: Writings

Series 7: Teaching Materials

Series 8: Photographs

Series 9: Motion picture film
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Oschinsky was born on April 19, 1921, to Lea Pollak Oschinsky and John Oschinsky in New York City. He received his B.A. degree from Brooklyn College in 1943, where he was first drawn to anthropology. In 1947 he received his master's degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago, with the thesis entitled "Islam in Chicago: Being a Study of the Acculturation of a Muslim Palestinian Community in That City." He attended the University of Zurich from 1947-1950 pursuing graduate coursework in anthropology.

From 1950-1951 he was instructor of anatomy at Makerere College Medical School, in Kampala Uganda, studying the racial affinities of various African tribes. From 1951-1952 he was a Research Student at the University of Cambridge, England. He returned to the University of Zurich in 1952 and received his PhD in Anthropology. His doctoral dissertation, published in 1953, was entitled "The Racial Affinities of the Baganda and Other Bantu Tribes of British East Africa." In October 1953, Oschinsky returned to the United States and began his teaching and research career as an Instructor in Physical Anthropology at the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He also acted as research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman, Professor of Physical Anthropology, and took anthropometric measurements of school children for Krogman's child growth research program.

Concurrently, Oschinsky cooperated with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity. Toward the end of 1953, he obtained a position as a Research Scholar in Physical Anthropology at the United States Educational Foundation in Burma. He spent a year studying the peoples of Burma in relation to those of Thailand, Indonesia, Malaya, and the Philippines. From 1956-1957, he was an Instructor in Anatomy at Howard University Medical School in Washington, DC. During 1957-1958, he was Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology at the University of Arizona, Tucson. In 1958, Oschinsky was offered the position of Curator of Physical Anthropology at the National Museum of Canada, in Ottawa, where he devoted himself to an intensive study of the museum's osteological collections. In 1962 he became a part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology at St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa. In July 1963, Oschinsky became Assistant Professor, and later Associate Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto, where he taught until his death on December 19, 1965.

Oschinsky wrote several scientific papers during these years, culminating in 1964 with the monograph The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains.. In this book, Oschinsky explored Eskimo prehistory via skeletal specimens.

Chronology

1921 April 19 -- Born in New York City, NY

1939-1943 -- Bachelor of Arts, Brooklyn College

1943-1947 -- Masters in Anthropology, University of Chicago

1947-1950 -- Graduate Coursework in Anthropology, University of Zurich

1950-1951 -- Anatomy instructor; studied racial affinities of African tribes, Makerere College Medical School, Uganda

1951-1952 -- Research student, University of Cambridge, England

1952-53 -- PhD in Physical Anthropology, University of Zurich

1953 -- Worked with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity

1953-1954 -- Instructor, Physical Anthropology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman; took anthropometric measurements of schoolchildren for Krogman's child growth research program.

1954-1955 -- Research scholar in Physical Anthropology, United States Educational Foundation, Burma (currently Myanmar)

1956-1957 -- Instructor in Anatomy, Howard University Medical School, Washington, D.C.

1957-1958 -- Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson

1958-1963 -- Curator of Physical Anthropology, National Museum of Canada, Ottawa

1962 -- Part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology, St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa

1963-1965 -- Assistant Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto

1964 -- Published monograph, The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains

1965 December 19 -- Died in Toronto, Ontario
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological archives holds the records of the Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development.
Separated Materials:
Oschinsky's measuring instruments and a number of dental casts were transferred to the biological anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Lawrence Oschinsky's nephew, Scott Fuller, in 2016.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to the Lawrence Oschinsky papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology -- skeletal remains  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Eskimo  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2016-26
See more items in:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-26

George Henry Mills Collection

Creator:
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy. Naval Airship Program  Search this
Mills, George H., 1895-1975  Search this
Extent:
13.39 Cubic feet (24 legal document boxes; 7 flatboxes)
14.95 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Maps
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
circa 1920s-1950s
bulk 1930-1949
Summary:
The George Henry Mills Collection was donated to the National Air and Space Museum in 1994 by Mills' daughter, Mrs. Georgia Mills Head.
Scope and Contents:
The George Henry Mills Collection consists of 14.59 cubic feet (14.47 linear feet) of material collected from his naval career, 1918-1948. A large part of the collection is made up of records of Mills' service during World War II as the commander of the Atlantic Fleet's airship formations. The collection also includes records of his service as an official Navy observer aboard the German rigid airships Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg. Of particular interest are records of the period before and immediately after the entry of the United States into World War II: the pre-war build-up of the Navy's LTA program, the "Neutrality Patrols" as the Navy fought an undeclared war against Germany, and of the harrowing early days of the Battle of the North Atlantic as German U-boats roamed the eastern coast of the United States. Mills maintained an extensive correspondence with many of the leading figures of LTA: Charles E. Rosendahl, Garland Fulton, and Scott E. Peck --their letters provide a unique picture of the Navy LTA program during its most active and successful period.

The collection also includes numerous technical reports on aspects of LTA flight, training material, photographs, clippings and articles on LTA.
Arrangement note:
The George H. Mills Collection is arranged in the following series:

Series I: Naval career of George H. Mills

Series II: Correspondence

Series III: General LTA Papers

Series IV: General Naval Papers

Series V: Publications, Articles, Clippings

Series VI: Lectures, Speeches, Papers

Series VII: Miscellaneous Papers

Series VIII: Photographs

Series IX: Scrapbooks; Oversized Material
Biographical/Historical note:
George Henry Mills (1895-1975), Naval officer and airship aviator, was a member of the U.S. Navy's inner circle of advocates of lighter than air (LTA) flight. Mills was born on August 5, 1895 in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, the son of John Craton Mills and Nora Poole Mills. He attended Bingham Military School in Asheville, North Carolina, and entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1914. Mills graduated from the Academy in June, 1918 and served in various fleet and shore assignments (a chronology of Mills' naval service will be found in the notes to Series I on page 2). He married Leonore Wickersham of Corning, NY in 1923; their daughter, Georgia Lee Mills, was born in 1928.

Mills was assigned to LTA training at Naval Air Station Lakehurst, New Jersey in 1931. He completed his training in 1932 and served in the Navy's LTA fleet through the 1930's. Mills flew as an observer on board the Graf Zeppelin in 1934 and on the Hindenburg in 1936. In 1935, Mills survived the crash of the USS Macon off the California coast. Mills returned to Lakehurst, serving there in various assignments; he was made commanding officer of NAS Lakehurst in January, 1940.

At Lakehurst, Mills organized blimp patrols as part of the Navy's Neutrality Patrol and helped coordinate the Navy's rapid buildup of the LTA program. When Airship Patrol Group One was formed in January 1942, Mills was named commanding officer; in December 1942 he commanded Airship Wing Thirty. In July 1943, Mills was assigned as the commander of Fleet Airships, Atlantic - the chief of the Navy's LTA forces in the Atlantic Theater. George Mills was promoted to the rank of Commodore in November 1943.

In 1945, Mills returned to sea as the captain of the troopship USS Hermitage. Before retirement from the Navy in 1949, Mills served as the chief of the Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command (CNATE) at NAS Lakehurst.

After leaving the Navy, Mills settled in North Carolina and worked for the Equitable Life Insurance Company, and later for the National Securities and Research Corporation. Mills served one term in the North Carolina State Legislature from 1950 to 1952. George H. Mills died on October 24, 1975, the same day as his longtime LTA colleague and friend, Garland Fulton, whose papers are also part of the collections of the National Air and Space Archives. They were buried on the same day in Arlington National Cemetery.
Chronology:
Chronology of George H. Mills' Naval Service

1914 -- June 14 - Entered U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland

1918 -- June 6 - Graduated from the Academy, Class of 1919; commissioned Ensign, USN September 21 - Service aboard USS New Mexico. Promoted to Lieutenant (JG)(Temporary)

1920 -- June 1 - Promotion to Lieutenant (JG)

1922 -- First LTA flight as gunnery spotter on captive balloon on USS New Mexico June 3 - Promotion to Lieutenant

1923 -- September 25 - Assigned as personal aide to RADM George W. Williams, Commandant, Sixth Naval District, Charleston, SC June 20 - Assigned as divisions communication officer on staff of VADM Henry A. Wiley, Battleship Division, Battle Fleet

1929 -- June 5 -Assistant gunnery officer and senior watch officer, USS Pensacola

1924 -- August 5 - Served as aide and flag secretary to RADM Williams as Commander Destroyer Squadrons, Scouting Fleet. Served on USS Concord, USS Dobbin, USS Whitney

1925 -- September - Continued as aide when RADM Williams was relieved by RADM Noble E. Irwin

1931 -- June 1 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst for LTA instruction. Training flights on free and captive balloons and on airships Los Angeles (ZR-3), Akron (ZRS-4), J-3, J-4, K-1 and ZMC-2

1932 -- June 16 - Finished LTA training; designated naval aviator, lighter-than-air, # 3925

1927 -- June 30 - Officer-in-charge, naval recruiting for North and South Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina

1933 -- September 1 - Promotion to Lieutenant Commander

1934 -- May 14 - Ordered on temporary duty as naval observer on the Graf Zeppelin. Made three round trips aboard the Graf Zeppelin between Friedrichshafen and cities in South America August 9 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst as Operations Officer October 14 - Ordered to NAS Sunnyvale (later NAS Moffett Field) as tactical officer, pilot and navigational watch on USS Macon (ZRS-4)

1935 -- February 12 - USS Macon crashes off Point Sur, California. Mills is rescued after three hours in the water April 15 - Ordered to NAS Lakehurst as operations and mooring officer

1936 -- November 4 - Ordered to Newport News for fitting out USS Yorktown August - Naval observer aboard Hindenburg on round trip flights between Lakehurst and Frankfort, Germany

1937 -- September 30 – Assigned as gunnery officer, USS Yorktown September 12 – October 2 - Training in chemical warfare at Gas Warfare School, Edgewood Arsenal, MD

1939 -- July 1 - Promotion to Commander June – Assigned as executive officer, NAS Lakehurst

1940 -- January 15 - Appointed commanding officer, NAS Lakehurst

1941 -- July - Temporary duty, Airship Board, Washington

1942 -- December 1 - Appointed Commander, Fleet Airship Wing Thirty June 17 - Promotion to Captain January 2 - Appointed Commander, Airship Patrol Group One

1943 -- November 5 - Promotion to Commodore July 1 - Appointed Commander, Fleet Airships, Atlantic

1945 -- July 23 - Awarded Legion of Merit July 10 - Appointed captain, USS Hermitage (AP-54). Reverts to rank of captain

1946 -- August 5 - Appointed commander, NAS Moffett Field

1947 -- September 26 - Appointed chief, Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command (CNATE)

1949 -- June 30 - Retirement from U.S. Navy

Abbreviations

ADM -- Admiral

ASW -- Anti-submarine warfare

ATC -- Air Transport Command

BuAer -- Bureau of Aeronautics (US Navy)

CDR -- Commander

CNATE -- Naval Airship Training and Experimentation Command

Cong -- Congress

GHM -- George Henry Mills

LTA -- Lighter than air flight

MAD -- Magnetic anomaly detector (often found as magnetic airborne detector)

NACA -- National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

NAS -- Naval Air Station

NATS -- Naval Air Transport Service

ND -- No date

RADM -- Rear admiral

RN -- Royal Navy

Sess -- Session

VADM -- Vice Admiral

WPA -- Works Project Authority

ZNP -- Patrol airship

ZP -- Airship squadron
Provenance:
Georgia M. Head, Gift, 1994, 1994-0022, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Airships  Search this
Antisubmarine aircraft  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Maps
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
George Henry Mills Collection, Acc. 1994-0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0022
See more items in:
George Henry Mills Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0022
Additional Online Media:

Leptodea fragilis

Collector:
B. F. Bush  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Hundred And Two River, NW Missouri, Missouri, United States
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1913
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)
Paraptua gracilis
USNM Number:
427667
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_407512

Quadrula metanevra

Collector:
A. P. Blair  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Freshwater  Search this
River Basin:
Verdigris River  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Verdigris River, Between Oologah And Claremore, Oklahoma, United States
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1955
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Quadrula metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820)
USNM Number:
620484
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_433255

Lampsilis teres

Collector:
A. P. Blair  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Freshwater  Search this
River Basin:
Verdigris River  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Verdigris River, Between Oologah And Claremore, Oklahoma, United States
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1955
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820)
Lampsilis fallaciosus
USNM Number:
620486
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_433257

Leptodea fragilis

Collector:
A. P. Blair  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Verdigris River, Between Oologah And Claremore, Oklahoma, United States
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1955
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)
USNM Number:
620487
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_433258

Pleurobema cordatum

Collector:
A. P. Blair  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Verdigris River, Between Oologah And Claremore (Route 88), Oklahoma, United States
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1955
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Pleurobema cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820)
Pleurobema coccineum solidum
USNM Number:
620490
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_433261

Leptodea fragilis

Collector:
D. H. Stansbery  Search this
C. B. Stein  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Lake Erie, South Bass Island, Ottawa County, Ohio, United States
Collection Date:
3 Apr 1964
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)
USNM Number:
745436
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_460425

Pyganodon cataracta

Collector:
A. P. Weir  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Seneca Lake, mouth of White Springs Brook, Ontario County, New York, United States
Collection Date:
Oct 1962 to Jun 1963
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Pyganodon cataracta (Say, 1817)
Anodonta cataracta Say, 1817
USNM Number:
745421
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_460416

Lampsilis ovata

Collector:
D. H. Stansbery  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Freshwater  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Scioto Darby Township, Big Darby Creek, 4 Mile S Of Orient, Scioto-Darby Turnpikes, Pickaway County, Ohio, United States
Collection Date:
15 Apr 1964
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Lampsilis ovata (Say, 1817)
USNM Number:
745427
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_460419

Potamilus alatus

Collector:
C. B. Stein  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Erie Township, Lake Erie Beach, 1 mile West Of Port Clinton, Ottawa County, Ohio, United States
Collection Date:
3 Apr 1964
Common name:
Freshwater Bivalves
Published Name:
Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817)
Proptera alata (Say, 1817)
USNM Number:
745434
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_460423

Conus cardinalis

Collector:
Schmitt  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian - Bredin Caribbean Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Vessel:
Freelance R/V  Search this
Depth (m):
2 - 4
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Sandy Island, Off Anguilla, Anguilla, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
13 Apr 1958
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus cardinalis Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
USNM Number:
735868
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_459057

Conus mus

Collector:
Schmitt  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian - Bredin Caribbean Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Vessel:
Freelance R/V  Search this
Depth (m):
2 - 4
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Sandy Island, Anguilla, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
13 Apr 1958
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus mus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
USNM Number:
735879
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_459058

Conus eburneus

Collector:
Dr. Richard S. Houbrick  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Touaourou, SE, New Caledonia, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
11 Apr 1979
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus eburneus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
USNM Number:
784100
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_471702

Melongena melongena

Collector:
Rehder  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian - Bredin Caribbean Expedition  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea  Search this
Vessel:
Blue Goose R/V  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Ascension Bay, Shore Near Allen Point Light, Quintana Roo, Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
17 Apr 1960
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Melongena melongena (Linnaeus, 1758)
USNM Number:
736289
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_459116

Cypraea errones

Collector:
Dr. Richard S. Houbrick  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Nouville, N Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
14 Apr 1979
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Cypraea errones Linnaeus, 1758
USNM Number:
783695
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_471647

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