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Photographs of Smithsonian Institution anthropology exhibits at Louisiana Purchase Exposition

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, collector and exhibit designer  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. exhibit designer  Search this
United States National Museum., exhibit designer  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Extent:
31 mounted prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of the West Indies  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Xochicalco Site (Mexico)
Date:
1904
Scope and Contents note:
Images of United States National Museum anthropological exhibits at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, also called the St. Louis World's Fair. Images of the Department of Anthropology's exhibits include those of photographs and models of Mayan and Mesoamerican temples; antiquities from Mexico, Mesoamerica, and the West Indies; and American Indian, Mexican, and Mesoamerican sculptures, ceramics, tools, textiles, masks, and baskets. Photographs also document the Bureau of American Ethnology's exhibits, including "symbolic art," drawings and paintings on artifacts from tribes of the New Southwest, Plains, and Northwest Coast. The collection also includes a photograph of carved designs on a structure at Xochicales, possibly used in the exhibition or as part of its design.
Biographical/Historical note:
The National Museum's Department of Anthropology and the Bureau of American Ethnology exhibits at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition were highly integrated, and both were designed by then chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology and former head curator of the Department of Anthropology, William Henry Holmes. The exhibits were intended to illustrate "the higher culture of the native American peoples as shown in their arts and industries." The exhibit featured examples of architecture, sculpture, ceramics, metal work, water craft, musical instruments, pipes, and ceremonial objects and included models of Aztec ruins based on plans by De Lancey W. Gill.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-31
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Papers, photographs, and records relating to exhibitions at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4689, MS 7571, MS 7208, Photo Lot 24, and Bureau of American Ethnology Letters Received 1888-1906.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds Exposition Records of the Smithsonian Institution and the United States National Museum, 1867-1940 (SIA RU000070) as well as photographs of the exhibits.
Additional photographs of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 107, Photo Lot 89-8, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Religion  Search this
Mayas -- Antiquities  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Symbolism  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 82-31, Photographs of Smithsonian anthropology exhibits at Louisiana Purchase Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-31

Department of Anthropology photographs of specimens and exhibits

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) -- Exhibitions.  Search this
River Basin Surveys  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Phebus, George E.  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Washakie, ca. 1804-1900  Search this
Extent:
400 Prints (circa, silver gelatin (including contact prints))
Culture:
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Place:
United States -- Antiquities
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The collection largely consists of photographs of specimens and artifacts, some of which were once in the collections of the Department of Anthropology, as well as images of anthropological exhibits in the National Museum of Natural History, circa 1950s and 1960s. Specimens and artifacts that are depicted include the Waverly Tablet from Waverly, Ohio; Richardson Tablet from near Wilmington, Ohio; Grave Creek Tablet from West Virginia; and Cincinnati Tablet from Cincinnati, Ohio; a Tuxtla statuette; artifacts from the Cascades area of Oregon and Washington collected by Herbert W. Krieger and George E. Phebus; bone and stone artifacts from River Basin Survey and BAE archeological sites in the Great Plains; and artifacts from Bluestone Reservoir, West Virginia, recovered by Ralph Solecki in 1948 together with a manuscript on the Round Bottom site.

The collection also includes images of items not in the department's collections but used for BAE or Smithsonian publications and those sent to the Smithsonian for examination. These include a copy of the winter count of the Yanktonai Long Dog; a war record by Shoshoni Chief Washakie; Folsom-like points from various parts of the United States, and various Hebrew, Italian, and other manuscripts.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 88-35, NAA Photo Lot 88-18
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photo Lot 88-18 has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 88-35. These are also Processing Lab photographs of artifacts and form part of this collection.
The Department of Anthropology holds many of the artifacts shown in these images.
The National Anthropological Archives holds the River Basin Surveys records and Herbert William Krieger papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Folsom points  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 88-35, Department of Anthropology photographs of specimens and exhibits, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.88-35
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-88-35

Institute of Social Anthropology photographs collection relating to Latin America

Collector:
Smithsonian Institution. Institute of Social Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
8 color prints
39 Prints (silver gelatin)
7 Posters (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Mexicans  Search this
Totonac Indians  Search this
Moguex Indians  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Colombians  Search this
Peruvians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Color prints
Prints
Posters
Photographs
Place:
Peru
Brazil
Mexico
Colombia
Date:
circa 1945-1950
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made as part of the work of the Institute of Social Anthropology (ISA), some of which have been mounted on posters for a Smithsonian Institution Regents Exhibit. The photographs document people, the built and natural environments, agricultural work, and events (including dances and a Catholic procession) in Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru. Some photographs also depict ISA staff, teachers, and students. The collection includes images by A. Guillen M. and ISA staff.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Institute of Social Anthropology was established under the directorship of Julian H. Steward on September 8, 1943, as an autonomous unit of the Bureau of American Ethnology. The Institute had two basic purposes: training of personnel and local students in anthropology, and acquisition of scientific information regarding Latin American rural populations. At its outset, the ISA staff consisted of eight social scientists in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4623
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Institute of Social Anthropology records, 1941-1952.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Flying dance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4623, Institute of Social Anthropology photographs collection relating to Latin America, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4623
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4623

Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites

Collector:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Dept. of Anthropology  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Russell, James Townsend  Search this
Extent:
14 copy prints of photographs and drawings
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Photographs
Place:
England
Java
France
Date:
circa 1933
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting archeological sites and diagrams of excavations. Depicted Paleolithic archeological sites include the following: Pithecanthropus site in Trinil, Java; Piltdown site in Suffolk (or Sussex), England; Heidelberg site in Heidelberg, Germany; Moustier site in Dordogne, France; La Chapelle aux Saints site in Coreze, France; La Quina sitein Charante, France; Galilee Skull site on the Sea of Galilee; Laugerie Haute in Dordogne, France; and La Madeleine in Dordogne, France. The prints were made by the Smithsonian laboratory for the Synoptic Series in the Old World Archeological exhibits, from photographs furnished, and possibly made, by Dr. Ales Hrdlicka and J. Townsend Russell.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 160, USNM ACC 124072
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1933.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 79-38.
Originals for some of these drawings and photographs as well as additional drawings and photographs of Paleolithic sites can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 157 and the Ales Hrdlicka papers.
Material found in Gus Van Beek's office can also be found in the National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 79-34.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Paleolithic period -- France  Search this
Paleolithic period -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 160, Department of Anthropology photograph collection of Paleolithic sites, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.160
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-160

Photographs of Smithsonian Institution exhibits at the Pan-American Exposition

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, collector and exhibit designer  Search this
Extent:
1 print (halftone)
9 mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Indians of South America  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
prints
mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
1901
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting National Museum anthropological exhibit cases at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, in 1901. Exhibits include those on American Indian weaving, picture-writing, pottery, bow and arrows, narcotic utensils, and firemaking devices, as well as dioramas of Tehuelche Tohono O'Odham dwelling groups. The photographs' mounts include details relating to the 1901 Smithsonian report on the exhibits and the collection includes one halftone plate from the report.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Pan-American Exposition was a world's fair held in Buffalo, New York, from May 1 through November 2, 1901. The Department of Anthropology and the Bureau of American Ethnology created a joint exhibit for the exposition, designed by the department's Head Curator and later Chief of the BAE, William Henry Holmes.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2L
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 4, Photo Lot 24, and Photo Lot 97 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 87-2L. These photographs also depict Smithsonian exhibits at the Pan-American Exposition and form part of this collection.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds Exposition Records of the Smithsonian Institution and the United States National Museum, 1867-1940 (SIA RU000070) as well as photographs of the exhibits.
Contained in:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collections, undated
See others in:
Photographs of Smithsonian Institution exhibits at the Pan-American Exposition, 1901
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 87-2L, Photographs of Smithsonian Institution exhibits at the Pan-American Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.87-2L
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-87-2l

Clifford Evans photograph collection of exhibits at the Museo de Arqueologia in Trujillo, Peru

Collector:
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Extent:
7 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Peru -- Antiquities
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Images of exhibits and individual ceramics at the Museo de Arqueologia at the Universidad de Trujillo in Peru. Ceramics, most of which are Mochica, include pottery and figurines.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clifford Evans (1920-1981) was curator of Latin American archeology for the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History. Born in Dallas, Dr. Evans grew up in California and graduated from the University of Southern California in 1941. He served in the Army Air Force in World War II and later earned a doctorate at Columbia University. A former instructor in archeology and anthropology, Dr. Evans joined the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History as a curator in 1951. A pioneer in studies of the prehistoric past of the Amazonian forest and lowlands, he conducted archeological field work throughout South America and in the Pacific Islands. He and his wife, anthropologist Betty Meggers, collaborated on more than 100 scientific articles and monographs. Dr. Evans was honored with the Washington Academy of Sciences Award for Scientific Achievement, the 37th International Congress of Americanists Gold Medal and the Order of Merit from the Government of Ecuador.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 93-15D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Clifford Evans Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ceramics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 93-15D, Clifford Evans photograph collection of exhibits at the Museo de Arqueologia in Trujillo, Peru, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.93-15D
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-93-15d

Exhibition Records

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution, Office of Exhibits Central  Search this
Extent:
4 oversize folders.
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1976-1978, 1982-1983, and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records created and maintained by exhibition designer Buddy Speight documenting the planning and design of Smithsonian Institution exhibitions as well as traveling exhibitions produced by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES). SITES exhibitions documented include "Divine Favor, Human Vows: Milagros from Puerto," "Exhibition Flight," "Korean Village in Transition: An Anthropological Field Trip," "Odyssey: Mirror of the Mediterranean," "Venini Glass," and "Building a New World: Black Labor Photographs." Other exhibitions documented include "American Icon: The Eighteenth Century Image of George Washington in Prints and Illustrations," "Aspects of Color: Works on Paper from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden," "Kentucky Quilts, 1800-1900," and "English Naive Paintings." Materials include drawings and specifications.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Traveling exhibitions.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-005, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Exhibits Central, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 07-005
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-005

Chip Clark photographs of book party and celebration of John C. Ewers's 50th Anniversary in Smithsonian Department of Anthropology

Creator:
Clark, Chip, 1947-2010  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Extent:
72 Negatives (35 mm)
72 contact prints
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Contact prints
Photographs
Date:
1996
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Smithsonian Institution Anthropology Department staff at the department's joint book party and celebration of John C. Ewers's 50th Anniversary, held in May 1996.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Canfield Ewers (1909-1997) joined the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology Associate Curator of Ethnology in 1946. He then worked at the Smithsonian in varous capacities, including Director of the National Museum of History and Technology (now called the National Museum of American History). He retired in 1979 as senior research anthropologist, at which time he was given the title of ethnologist emeritus. Ewers wrote several books on a wide variety of topics including artists' depictions of Native Americans, Plains Indian sculpture, and the horse in Blackfoot Indian culture.

Chip Clark was a National Museum of Natural History staff photographer. Originally trained in biology, he came to the museum in 1973. In the ensuing decades Clark documented thousands of specimens and exhibits and accompanied scientists on research trips around the world.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 97-25
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the John Canfield Ewers papers, photographs of Ewers's retirement party (Photo Lot 79-44), and audio recording of his memorial service (MS 1999-06).
Additional Clark photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 91-26.
Oral history by Clark held in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU009622.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97-25, Chip Clark photographs of book party and celebration of John C. Ewers's 50th Anniversary in Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.97-25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-97-25

MS 7242 Exhibit scripts for John Wesley Powell exhibit

Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Extent:
2 Inches
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1969
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7242
Topic:
Exhbits -- John Wesley Powell  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7242, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7242
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7242

MS 4821 Anthropological Society of Washington records

Creator:
Anthropological Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Extent:
32 Boxes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1879-1993
Summary:
The record of the Anthropological Society of Washington concern its organization, membership, and management of its business affairs. Records of its early meetings include not only minutes but also summaries--and at times almost complete papers--of its talks and discussions. Often these are manuscripts written by the speakers. There are also small quantities of documents concerning many of the national and local developments in which the society was involved. In addition, documents of the 1950s and 1960s concern the society's special publications and special programs that often involved appearances by outstanding anthropologists from outside Washington.
Scope and Content Note:
These papers reflect the activities of the Anthropological Society of Washington, D. C. (ASW) for the years 1879 through 1993. The collection includes the constitution and by-laws; minutes of meetings, including abstracts of papers read; correspondence; reports of the Curator; records of the Treasurer; records of the Secretary; data concerning ASW history abstracted from its records; publications of the ASW; publications relating to the history of the ASW and its affiliates; publications by and about early members of the ASW which have been placed in different National Anthropological Archives' (NAA) collections; Secretary's records (1950 - 1976); records of the Treasurer (1953 - 1975); records and photographs regarding the exhibit "Anthropology and the Nation's Capitol"; sound recordings (1971, 1974); records of the Secretary, (1920 - 1923; John P. Harrington); general and financial records (1977 - 1992); and, records of the President (1991 - 1993; William C. Sturtevant).

Portions of the collection were donated to the NAA at different times. Series One through Ten comprised the original donation which was made in 1968. The second deposit, Series Eleven through Sixteen, and the third deposit, Series Seventeen, were made at later dates. The entire collection is comprised of thirty-two boxes of material.

The records concern ASW organization, membership and management. Records of its early meetings include not only minutes but also summaries - and, at times, almost complete papers - of talks and discussions. Often the speakers wrote these manuscripts. There are also some documents concerning the national and local developments in which the ASW was involved. In addition, documents of the 1950s and 1960s concern special publications and special programs that often involved appearances by outstanding anthropologists from outside Washington. Persons whose correspondence and other materials are in the records include Lewis Allen, William H. Babcock, Frank Baker, Ralph L. Beals, John W. Bennett, Margaret C. Blaker, Daniel G. Brinton, Franz Boas, John G. Bourke, Robert J. Braidwood, Solon J. Buck, George F. Carter, Joseph B. Casagrande, John M. Cooper, Stewart Culin, Frank H. Cushing, Frances Densmore, George Devereux, George A. Dorsey, Cora Du Bois, George S. Duncan, Loren C. Eiseley, Clifford Evans, William N. Fenton, J. Walter Fewkes, Regina Flannery, Alice C. Fletcher, Robert H. Fletcher, Weston Flint, Daniel Folkmar, Theodore Gaus, Thomas F. Gladwin, Pliny E. Goddard, Joseph H. Greenberg, William C. Haag, Alfred I. Hallowell, Paul Haupt, J. N. B. Hewitt, Frederick Webb Hodge, Walter Hough, Ales Hrdlicka, Olive E. Hite, William Henry Jackson, Neil M. Judd, Clyde Kluckhohn, Eugene I. Knez, Margaret L. Lantis, Thomas J. Larson, Carl Lumholtz, Arthur MacDonald, Bela C. Maday, Otis T. Mason, R. H. Mathews, Washington Matthews, George C. Maynard, Ernst Mayr, Betty J. Meggars, John C. Merriam, Truman Michelson, Warren K. Moorehead, WJ McGee, Joseph D. McGuire, James Mooney, George P. Murdock, Marshall T. Newman, P. B. Pierce, Eric K. Reed, Saul H. Riesenberg, Frank H. H. Roberts, Jr., Adolph H. Schultz, Frank M. Setzler, Lauriston Sharp, Antonio Carlos Simoens da Silva, Albert C. Spaulding, Frederick Starr, Julian H. Steward, T. Dale Stewart, Willima Duncan Strong, William C. Sturtevant, John R. Swanton, Robert M. Tatum, Cyrus Thomas, William Wallace Tooker, George L. Trager, L. B. Tuckerman, Waldo R. Wedel, J. S. Weiner, Erminie Wheeler Voeglin, Leslie A. White, Arnold M. Withers, and Richard B. Woodbury.
Arrangement:
SERIES 1. CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS

SERIES 2. MINUTES (INCLUDING ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS READ)

SERIES 4. REPORTS OF THE CURATOR

SERIES 5. RECORDS OF THE TREASURER

SERIES 6. RECORDS OF THE SECRETARY

SERIES 7. DATA CONCERNING THE HISTORY OF THE ASW ABSTRACTED FROM ITS RECORDS

SERIES 8. PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASW

SERIES 9. PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO THE HISTORY OF THE ASW AND ITS AFFILIATES

SERIES 10. PUBLICATIONS BY AND ABOUT EARLY MEMBERS OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON

SERIES 11. SECRETARY'S RECORDS, 1950 - 1976

SERIES 12. RECORDS OF THE TREASURER, 1953 - 1975

SERIES 13. RECORDS AND PHOTOGRAPHS REGARDING THE EXHIBIT "ANTHROPOLOGY AND THE NATION'S CAPITOL"

SERIES 14. SOUND RECORDINGS, 1971 - 1974

SERIES 15. RECORDS OF THE SECRETARY, 1920 - 1923: J. P. HARRINGTON

SERIES 16. GENERAL AND FINANCIAL RECORDS, 1977 - 1992

SERIES 17. RECORDS OF THE PRESIDENT, 1991 - 1993:
Biographical/Historical note:
The Anthropological Society of Washington (ASW) was founded in a series of meetings beginning February 10, 1879. It was formally organized on February 17, 1879. On December 13, 1887, it was incorporated in the District of Columbia. According to its original charter, its purpose was to encourage "the study of the natural history of man, especially with reference to America". Membership was open to all who were interested in anthropology. There was some discussion as to a name for the society; some favored the title "The Archaeological and Ethnological Society," but the name "The Anthropological Society of Washington" was finally adopted.

It was provided that all business of the Society should be conducted by a council, afterward called a board of managers. In this way the Society's meetings, except the annual meetings when officers were elected, could be devoted entirely to anthropologic work. The vice-presidents were the officers on whom mainly depended the work of the Society. They presided over their respective sections and represented them in the council, and papers pertaining to the subject of a particular section were referred to the council by the vice-president representing that section.

Founded in 1879, only ten years later, the ASW boasted a membership of over 200 individuals. From its beginning, the ASW has been essentially a local organization serving the needs of anthropologists in the capital city. Since government-sponsored anthropology centered in Washington - in the earlier days largely at the Smithsonian Institution, and, later, extending to other agencies and, in the 20th century, to local area universities - the talks and discussions have involved leading anthropologists involved in original work at the forefront of their disciplines. It followed that ASW's early membership, in spite of its essentially local nature, was nationally and internationally known. Furthermore, in the "American Anthropologist", the ASW established the first American journal of national scope concerned exclusively with anthropology, and the publication provided an outlet for anthropologists throughout the country.

During the early decades of the twentieth century, with the American Ethnological Society (AES) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and its Section H (Anthropology), the ASW played a role in the founding of the American Anthropological Association (AAA), the organization to become the major national organization for English-speaking North American anthropologists. The influence of the Washingtonians was particularly evident in the fact that the AAA became a general membership organization rather than restricted to professionals. Arrangements were thus possible for ASW membership to bring automatic AAA affiliation, a fact allowing the ASW, with its large nonprofessional membership, to exert considerable influence over the national organization. Before AAA establishment, Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science moved to make the "American Anthropologist" a truly national journal in 1898. The "Anthropologist" was placed under two owners, (WJ McGee, of Washington, and Franz Boas, of New York) and a board of managers drawn from anthropologists of Washington and other major cities. With the founding of the AAA in 1902, it took over the journal as the official organ of the AAA, ASW, and AES.

Yet another instance of ASW influence came during the 1940's, when many anthropologists were in federal service. It was these anthropologists who perceived AAA weakness: its large nonprofessional membership and its failure to bring many professionals onto its roster. They readily understood these as handicaps in influencing post-World War II federal policies affecting the social sciences. ASW initially provided the manpower, forum, and funds for a drive toward a more professional association. The ASW did this despite adjustments in its relations with the AAA that, of necessity, followed.

On the local scene, ASW was a founding organization of the Joint Commission of Scientific Societies, which eventually developed into the Washington Academy of Sciences. In 1899, it absorbed the members of the Washington-based Women's Anthropological Society of America. It also played a part in founding the Social Science Federation of Washington. In addition, the ASW became involved in movements of local interest that ranged from opposition to the anti-vivisectionism of the local Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals to an interest in the George Washington Memorial Fund and the improvement of the dwellings of the poor.
Provenance:
The original collection (1879-1965; 17 boxes) was deposited in the SOA Archives (now the National Anthropological Archives {NAA}) September 19, 1968 by Clifford Evans, Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, in accordance with a letter to Evans from Conrad C. Reining, President, ASW, September 13, 1968. The records had been in the custody of Dr. Evans since 1956, when he served as chairman of a committee to review and arrange the records. In 1968, Evans recommended to the ASW that the records be placed in the NAA Archives. Other deposits since.
Restrictions:
The Anthropological Society of Washington Records are open for research.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Anthropological Society of Washington Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4821
See more items in:
MS 4821 Anthropological Society of Washington records
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4821

[Future Anthropology Exhibits Memo,]

Collection Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 11
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1975
Collection Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-35-ref4656

Exhibits

Collection Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-35-ref4531

Tropical Rainforest Exhibit Interviews

Extent:
20 audiotapes and 1 videotape.
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Oral history
Date:
1992, 1994
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also reminiscences and interviews recorded by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Tropical Rainforest Exhibit Oral History Collection was compiled to document the exhibit processes of the National Museum of Natural History.
Descriptive Entry:
Steven W. Allison, Smithsonian Predoctoral Fellow, from Cornell University, Department of Science and Technology Studies, conducted these interviews as a part of his doctoral research into the relationship between exhibition and research in natural history museums. These interviews cover the relationship between research and exhibition at the NMNH; the changes in meaning of the rainforest as it was reinterpreted for different exhibits; and the impact of trends in public education about science and the role of an icon, such as the rainforest, in discussions of the environment. Interviews of Sayre include both audiotaped and videotaped sessions and include many visuals from the exhibit.

The Tropical Rainforest Exhibit Oral History Collection consist of 16 interview sessions, totaling approximately 18.5 hours of audiotape recordings, 0.40 hours of videotape recordings, and 313 pages of transcript. There are two generations of recordings: original tapes and reference tapes. In total this collection is comprised of 20 original audio cassette tapes, 1 original Hi-8 videotape, and 21 reference copy cassette tapes and 1 reference copy videotape. The audiotape cassettes have been remastered onto reel-to-reel audiotape and transferred to digital .wav files. The original tapes and digital files are reserved in preservation storage.
Historical Note:
Museum exhibits are the result of a complex interplay between researchers, educators, and design specialists. These interviews focus on a case study of the evolution of a tropical rainforest life group at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) in the 1960s and 1970s, which first emerged as a Hall of Botany in 1960, was redefined as a Hall of Living Things in 1968, was eventually built for an exhibit on environmental issues called It All Depends, in 1974, and was later moved to the Hall of South American Anthropology in the Natural History Building. The interviewees include: Stanwyn G. Shetler, Curator of Phanerogams, NMNH, member of the exhibit committee for the original Hall of Botany; Reginald "Bud" J. Sayre, Preparator, Natural History Laboratory, who participated in an expedition to Kaieteur Falls in British Guiana to collect specimens and make molds and drawings of the site for the rainforest part of the exhibit in NMNH; Sophy Burnham, former Assistant Curator of the Smithsonian Museum Service, who was instrumental in creating a film, The Leaf Thieves, which documents the creation of the exhibit; Richard Sumner Cowan, former Director, NMNH, who also participated in the Kaieteur Falls Expedition to collect materials for the original Hall of Botany; Joseph Shannon, former Designer, NMNH, who worked on the design of the Botany Hall and later the Hall of Living Things; Paul N. Perrot, former Assistant Secretary for Museum Programs, who was involved in providing support, recommendations, and facilitating the exhibit work, and who helped establish an Office of Exhibits Central at the Smithsonian; James A. Mahoney, former Chief of the Office of Exhibits Central, who worked on many aspects of the rainforest exhibit; David B. Lellinger, Curator of Ferns, NMNH, a member of the original exhibit committee and participant in several collecting field trips for the exhibit; and Thomas E. Lovejoy, III, Counselor to the Secretary for Biodiversity and Environmental Affairs, on the role of tropical rainforests as icons for the environmental movement.
Rights:
Restricted.
Topic:
Museum techniques  Search this
Tropical biology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Ecology  Search this
Conservation of natural resources  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Oral history
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9565, , Tropical Rainforest Exhibit Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9565
See more items in:
Tropical Rainforest Exhibit Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9565

Photographs collected for an Inca archeology exhibit

Photographer:
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Tschopik, Harry, 1915-1956  Search this
Ubbelohde-Doering, Heinrich, 1889-1972  Search this
Extent:
40 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Incas  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Cuzco (Peru) -- depicted
Pachacamac (Peru) -- depicted
Tiahuanacu (Bolivia) -- depicted
Ollantaytambo (Peru) -- depicted
Machu Picchu Site (Peru) -- depicted
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of enlargements that were made as part of a United States National Museum exhibit on Latin American archeology (opened in 1954). It includes photographs made at Machu Picchu, Ollantaytambo, Tiahuanaco, Cuzco, Sacahuaman, Urcos, Viru Valley, and Pachacamac. Photograpers include anthropologists Harry S. Tschopik, Jr., Clifford Evans, and Heinrich Ubbelohde-Doering.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 66A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Clifford Evans papers and Clifford Evans photograph collection of exhibits at the Museo de Arqueologia in Trujillo, Peru (Photo Lot 93-15D).
South American music recordings with notes by Harry Tschopik held in the Center for Folklife and Culutral Heritage, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections in the Moses and Frances Asch Collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 66A, Photographs collected for an Inca archeology exhibit, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.66A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-66a

Janette Saquet photograph of John Wesley Powell exhibit

Creator:
Saquet, Janette (exhibit creator and possible photographer)  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) -- Exhibitions.  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (silver gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1981
Scope and Contents note:
Image of exhibit summarizing the anthropological work of John Wesley Powell. The exhibit was installed in a single case in the north entry hall of the National Museum of Natural History. The photograph was taken in spring 1981, probably by Saquet.
Biographical/Historical note:
Janette Saquet was the Anthropology Librarian for the Smithsonian who developed the initial plan, conducted the research and wrote the script for the exhibit. Planned as an observance of the one-hundredth anniversary of the founding of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the exhibit was designed by Ken Young and edited by Nancy Wyeth.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81-53
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Records for National Museum of Natural History exhibits in 1981 can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 94-051, 94-088, and 94-107.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81-53, Janette Saquet photograph of John Wesley Powell exhibit, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81-53
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81-53

Underwood & Underwood photographs of Smithsonian exhibit at Jamestown Exposition

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Extent:
2 Stereographs (albumen)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Stereographs
Photographs
Date:
1907
Scope and Contents note:
Images of a Smithsonian display showing European settlers in a ship meeting American Indians in a canoe, made at the Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition in 1907.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition was held in Norfolk, Virginia, from April 26 to December 1, 1907, to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the founding of Jamestown. The display depicted in this collection represents a trading expedition by Captain John Smith at the mouth of the James River in 1607. It was designed by William Henry Holmes and executed by H. W. Hendley and U. S. J. Dunbar.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-6
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original Underwood & Underwood stereographs, including additional images of the Jamestown Exposition, can be found in the National Museum of American History Archives Center in the Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1921.
Additional photographs of this John Smith display can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, correspondence from Walter Hough.
Administrative files relating to the Jamestown Exposition can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU000192.
Photographs of American Indians, made at the Jamestown Exposition, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE glass negatives.
Additional Underwood & Underwood photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 90-1 and Photo Lot 8.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-6, Underwood & Underwood photographs of Smithsonian exhibit at Jamestown Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-6
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-6

William W. Fitzhugh photograph collection of opening of "Inua" exhibit

Collector:
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) -- Exhibitions.  Search this
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Printing and Photographic Services  Search this
Chambers, Moreau Browne Congleton  Search this
Extent:
8 prints (silver gelatin)
7 color prints
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Color prints
Date:
1982
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting a reception following the opening of the "Inua" exhibit at the National Museum of Natural History. They include images of performers, Smithsonian staff and visitors viewing the new exhibit and socializing. There are also images of Eskimo dancers from Gambell on St. Lawrence Island, who formed a part of the exhibit. Color prints were made by Moreau Browne Congleton Chambers, while the black and white prints were made by Smithsonian photographers.
Biographical/Historical note:
The "Inua: Spirit World of the Bering Sea Eskimo" exhibit, which opened in June 1982 at the National Museum of Natural History, was organized by William W. Fitzhugh and Susan Kaplan and made use of the Edward William Nelson collection of Eskimo materials. Moreau Chambers, a visitor to the exhibit opening, was a former field crew member of Henry Bascom Collins's 1931 expedition to Saint Lawrence Island, Alaska.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 83-29
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds a picture of William Fitzhugh and Susan Kaplan with parts of the Edward William Nelson Collection (SIA 2003-19575).
Correspondence and writings from Moreau Chambers can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4173, MS 7406, MS 7525, the Cooperative Ethnological Investigations file, Frank Maryl Setzler's papers, and Henry Bascom Collins's papers.
Photographs of Eskimos by Edward William Nelson can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24 and the BAE historical negatives.
Nelson's collection of Eskimo materials can be found in the Department of Anthropology.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Eskimo dance  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 83-29, William W. Fitzhugh photograph collection of opening of "Inua: Spirit World of the Bering Sea Eskimo" exhibit, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.83-29
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-83-29

Photographs from an exhibit relating to the Hayden Surveys

Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Depicted:
Chittenden, George B.  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Ladd, Story B. (Story Butler), 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
6 mounted prints
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
mid-20th century
Scope and Contents note:
Mounted photographs, probably from a small exhibit relating to Ferdinand V. Hayden's surveys, 1872-1874. The collection includes copies of photographs and drawings depicting Hayden in 1872, Hayden and his assistants in 1874, Hayden's assistants in 1924, the entire survey party at Yellowstone, and a cliff house photographed during the surveys. The collection includes one photograph made by William Henry Jackson.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden (1829-1887) was a physician and geologist best known for his expeditions and geological surveys of the late 19th century. After the American Civil War, Hayden joined the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (now the US Geological Surveys) and led the first congressionally-authorized explorations into the geology of the western territories. After receiving appropriations in 1867-1869 for exploration in Nebraska, Wyoming, and Colorado, Hayden presented a plan to Congress that outlined geological and geographical exploration and the creation of territorial maps. In 1871, Hayden led a geological survey into the Yellowstone area, during which photographer William Henry Jackson and painter Thomas Moran produced landscape artwork. As the geologist-in-charge of the USGS, Hayden was accompanied by his assistants, Jackson, William Henry Holmes, George Benjamin Chittenden, and Story B. Ladd.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-43A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Hayden survey photographs in the National Anthropological Archives are held in Photo Lot 4605, Photo Lot 4420, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot R79, and Photo Lot 95-20, as well as in the Smithsonian Institution Archives and the USGS Photo Library.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 73-43A, Photographs from an exhibit relating to the Hayden Surveys, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-43A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-43a

Anthropology

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Office of Exhibits  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 94-107, National Museum of Natural History. Office of Exhibits, Special Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Special Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa94-107-refidd1e291

MS 7448 Exhibit scripts for Hall 8 "Peoples of the Pacific"

Extent:
2 Boxes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1961-1962
Identifier:
NAA.MS7448
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7448

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