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Safety for Our Sisters: Ending Violence Against Native Women – 1 Welcome and Opening Remarks

National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Youtube videos
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian

Arrow, Inc. records, and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association records

Hunter, Dwight  Search this
American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association  Search this
Superneau, Regina  Search this
Arrow, Inc  Search this
American Indian Tribal Court Clerks Association  Search this
Great Lakes Intertribal Council -- justice  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of Justice  Search this
United States. Department of Labor  Search this
96.5 Linear feet (55 Paige boxes of unprocessed material. 96 Hollinger boxes of processed material.)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Project files
circa 1949-1999
These records, located in the Cultural Resources Center at NMAI, contain organizational records from ARROW, Inc. and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association (AITCJA). Included in this collection are both processed and unprocessed materials relating to the work conducted by these two organizations providing educational, financial and legal assistance to Native American communities.
Scope and Contents:
Virtually all the records in this collection concern projects undertaken by Arrow, Inc., and most are projects whose sponsorship was shared with the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association. Included are porposals, reports, relevant correspondence, and training materials. Most of these projects had been supported by the Department of Justice Legal Enforcement Assistance Administration, United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, and United States Department of Labor.
Arrangement note:
Records of Arrow, Inc., including (1) Industrial Park in Indian Areas; (2) supplemental scholarship assistance, 1961-1974; (3) monthly scholarship assistance, 1970-1972; (4) material concerning Crimial Court Procedures Manual: A Guide for American Indian Court Judges; (5) automatic diagnotic computer project, 1970; (6) Operation Mainstream; (7) social services case studies;

Records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association, including (8) family law/child welfare projects, circa 1974-1985; (9) American Indian court judges training project, circa 1971-1980; (10) criminal law training program, circa 1975-1984; (11) long-range planning study, 1976-1979; (12) court clerk training program, circa 1978-1983; (13) linkages for indian child welfare programs; (14) parenting program; (15) Indian child welfare training, 1982-1983; (16) child welfare act of 1978; (17) model court development project; (18) civil law training project; (19) Dwight Hunter's Portland area needs assessment; (20) technical proposal, 1981; (21) Warm Springs tribal court manual; (22) research grant, 1970-1971; (23) juvenile law and juvenile delinquency training project, 1971-1972; (24) resource directory/social services, 1977; (25) Regina Superneau correspondence; (26) international year of the child; (27) joint training sessions, NAICJA and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, Albuquerque, 1979; (28) criminal justice development project for the Great Lakes Intertribal Council, Inc.; (29) studies for American Indian Court Judges; (30) justice and the American Indian project; (31) reference material

The Unprocessed Matrial from Arrow, Inc. is unnaranged. It is still in its original shipping order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Arrow, Inc. ("Americans for Restitution and Righting of Old Wrongs," frequently ARROW, Inc.) was initially known as the National Congress of American Indians Fund. It was incorporated in April 1949 under the laws of the District of Columbia by three trustees--Ruth M. Bronson, D'Arcy McNickle, and N.B. Johnson. Its founding was prompted by the involvement of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) in alleviating the suffering of certain Southwestern tribes brought by a particularly harsh winter. Since the NCAI was engaged in political activities, its donors could not receive tax deductions for their contributions. In contrast, the NCAI Fund was dedicated to charitable and educational work among American Indians and was initially granted tax exempt status. Thus, its donors could receive tax benefits for contributions in spite of the fact that the Fund was regarded as an arm of the NCAI, itself essentially a political lobbying organization.

In time, questions arose about the close connection between the NCAI and the NCAI Fund and caused considerable anxiety for Fund officers since it potentially threatened the tax status. In October 1949, desire for greater distance from NCAI led to the adopition of the name Arrow, Inc. In truth, however, the close connections with the NCAI continued, for the NCAI business committee had the power to appoint and remove Arrow trustees. In 1952, NCAI abolished its business committee; and, with the approval of NCAI's officers, Arrow took the opportunity to eliminate references to NCAI from its bylaws. Nevertheless, close cooperation still continued for many years.

Starting in 1952, Arrow was an autonomous organization managed by a board of directors appointed by its members. Operating largely through grants and donations, Arrow used some of its funds to finance a publications program, including a newsletter called Arrow or, in a latter-day interpretation of ARROW as an acronym, American for the Restitution and Righting of Old Wrongs. Most monies, however, went into a wide variety of education and charitable projects. In the year 2000 Arrow, Inc. closed its doors.

A project undertaken by Arrow to improve tribal courts led directly to establishing the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association (AITCJA) in 1968. This ongoing organization, now with membership represeting almost all Indian Court judges, not only grew out of an Arrow activity but continued a close association with Arrow. only sharing executive director with Arrow as well as sponsorhsip of its projects with Arrow. Generaly, such projects involved educational activities designed to raise the standards and professionalism of Indian courts. In 1980, the National American Indian Court Clerks Association was established as an auxiliary of AITCJA.
The first two record groups in this collection, The Records of Arrow, Inc. and the Records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2007. The unprocessed materials from Arrow, Inc. were donated directly from Arrow, Inc. in 2001 following the closure of the organization.
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to
American Indians -- Operation Mainstream  Search this
Child welfare -- American Indian  Search this
American Indians -- legal system  Search this
Warms Springs -- court manual  Search this
American Indians -- scholarships  Search this
Family law -- American Indian  Search this
Parenting -- American Indian  Search this
Juvenile law -- American Indian  Search this
Project files
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Arrow, Inc. records, and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arrow, Inc. records, and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian

Indians of North America the Yankton Sioux 1993

Nevison, Henry Producer  Search this
Henry Nevison; Producer, Director  Search this
Marty Moss-Coane; Narration  Search this
Harold Boihem, John Gerbec, Meg Twomey; Editors  Search this
Henry Nevison, Dana Palermo; Audio  Search this
Rich Wilson; script writer  Search this
John Gerbec, Dana Palermo; producers  Search this
Physical description:
30 min sound color video
Yankton Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Projected media
Collection descriptions
North America
United States
Land--acquisition of  Search this
Land--as a source of wealth  Search this
Land--as property  Search this
Land--reclamation  Search this
Land--territory--boundaries  Search this
Land--reservations  Search this
Settlement--patterns  Search this
Migration  Search this
Bands--migratory  Search this
Warriors--status of  Search this
Conflict  Search this
Territorial--boundaries--exploitation  Search this
Territory--annexed consolidation of  Search this
Government--activities--agencies  Search this
Government--care of dependent ethnic groups  Search this
Government--education--public  Search this
Government--expeditions  Search this
Government--military  Search this
Government--policies  Search this
Government--treaties  Search this
Government--legal system--courts--judge  Search this
Government--imprisonment  Search this
Political--authority  Search this
Military--armed forces  Search this
Education--curriculum  Search this
Education--teachers in--theories of  Search this
Education--attitudes toward  Search this
Education--literacy  Search this
History--oral, as a method  Search this
Spiritualism  Search this
Missions--religious  Search this
Nature--ideas about  Search this
Descent--matrilineal  Search this
Assimilation--of ethnic groups  Search this
Gifts--exchange--giving  Search this
Trade  Search this
Alcoholism  Search this
Gambling--casino  Search this
Trading--posts  Search this
Pipes--smoking  Search this
Dance--dancing--performers  Search this
Dance--Sun Dance  Search this
Drums--as musical instruments  Search this
Ceremony--Vision Quest--sweat lodges  Search this
Dwellings--teepees--cabins  Search this
Animals--buffalo--hunting  Search this
Animals--horses  Search this
Animals--cattle  Search this
Agriculture--gardens  Search this
Exploring--expeditions  Search this
Ownership--individual--collective  Search this
Culture--accomodation--adaptation  Search this
Culture--change  Search this
Culture--continuity  Search this
Culture  Search this
Culture--ideals  Search this
Syncretism  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1995.1.7
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives

Sovereign selves : American Indian autobiography and the law / David J. Carlson

Carlson, David J. 1970-  Search this
Apess, William 1798-1839  Search this
Eastman, Charles A. 1858-1939  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 217 pages ; 22 cm
North America
Politics and government  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc--Language  Search this
Autobiographies--Indian authors  Search this
Speeches, addresses, etc., Indian  Search this
American literature--Indian authors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Native Americans and the criminal justice system / edited by Jeffrey Ian Ross and Larry Gould ; with a foreword by Duane Champagne

Ross, Jeffrey Ian  Search this
Gould, Larry Allen 1950-  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 273 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
United States
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Criminal justice, Administration of  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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