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[Women polishing billiard balls in Albany Billiard Ball factory]

Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4.6" x 6.4".)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1930
Arrangement:
Series 7 Box 24 Folder 3
Local Numbers:
AC0011-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protecte by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Billiards -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Billiards  Search this
Plastics industry and trade  Search this
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref674

Manufacture of billiard balls

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Container:
Box 25, Folder 1-3
Box 24, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref132

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records

Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Names:
Hyatt, John Wesley (inventor)  Search this
Koener, Max  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (25 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cashbooks
Invoices
Contracts
Ledgers (account books)
Journals (accounts)
Legal documents
Time books
Patents
Place:
Albany (N.Y.)
Date:
1870 - 1974
Summary:
These records include documents relating to John Hyatt and include legal documents, 1871-1966; bank books; patents; patent certificates; patent assignments; memoranda and articles of association; union contracts; balance sheets; profit and loss accounts; journals and cash books; ledgers; time books; invoices; photographs; and correspondence to and from the company.
Scope and Contents:
The records include documents relating to John Hyatt and consist of articles of agreement; articles of association; contracts; bills of sale; by laws; deeds; licenses to manufacture; memoranda; bank books; patents; patent certificates; patent assignments; union contracts; balance sheets; profit and loss accounts; journals and cash books; ledgers; time books; invoices; minutes; photographs; and correspondence to and from the company, 1870-1974.
Biographical / Historical:
The Albany Billiard Ball Company is possibly the earliest successful plastics firm and certainly one of the oldest plastics companies in the world. The business was started in 1868 on Albany's South End. The company was renamed in September, 1977 the Albany-Hyatt Billiard Ball Company. John Wesley Hyatt was one of the company's founders and the American inventor of celluloid. Celluloid, besides being the base of photographic film, was a substitute for ivory, long the prime substance in billiard ball manufacture. The Hyatt "composition" ball, with a celluloid base, dominated the sport until the 1960s.
Related Materials:
New York State Library

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, 1894-1944, bulk 1914-1944

The records of the Albany Billiard Ball Company consist chiefly of account books detailing its finances. The cash journals detail the quantity and cost of goods sold to various firms and individuals. Costs and fees for shipping and handling are also noted. The journals of income and disbursements provide a more detailed record of administrative and production costs of the company as well as income derived from sales. Principle expenditures include labor, raw materials, maintenance of equipment and facilities, and taxes.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Plastics industry and trade  Search this
Plastics -- Molding  Search this
Celluloid  Search this
Molding -- Plastics  Search this
Billiards  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cashbooks
Invoices
Contracts -- union
Ledgers (account books)
Journals (accounts)
Legal documents
Time books
Patents
Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0011
Additional Online Media:

Plastic Pioneers Association Interviews

Creator:
Plastics Pioneers Association  Search this
Names:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Bakelite Corporation  Search this
Celanese Corporation of America  Search this
Dow Chemical Company  Search this
Formica Corporation.  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Boxe
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1952 September 18-20
Summary:
Audio recordings of interviews with members of the Plastics Pioneers Association about the plastics industry, its origins, and evolution.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four 1/4 inch open-reel audiotapes produced in 1968.
Biographical / Historical:
The Plastic Pioneers Association (PPA) was formed in the 1940s to provide individuals involved with plastics invention, innovation, and manufacturing an opportunity to meet with colleagues to share stories about the history of plastics. In 1948 the PPA became a formal organization "of individuals who are persons of accomplishment in the Plastics Industry, and who wish to foster the bonds of friendship and fraternalism among them." At the time, in order to be a member an individual had to have made "a contribution to the growth of the industry and worked at least fifteen years plastics. According to the PPA webiste, membership currently "is capped at 250 active members, and the term of service in the industry required is 25 years or more."

The PPA is dedicated to education as well as documenting and preserving the histories of people who contributed to the plastics industry. The Plastic Pioneers Interviews represents part of this effort

http://www.plasticspioneers.org/Home/tabid/52/Default.aspx
Related Materials:
Related Archives Center collections:

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, 1869-1973 (011)

Leo H. Baekeland Papers, 1881-1968 (005)

Celluloid Corporation Records, 1892-1935 (009)

Earl S. Tupper Papers, circa 1914-1982 (470)

Grace Jeffers Collection of Formica Materials, 1913-2003 (0565)
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright status unknown. No releases exist. Collecion items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply.
Topic:
Plastics -- 1920-2000  Search this
Laminated plastics  Search this
Celluloid  Search this
Bakelite  Search this
billiards - equipment and supplies  Search this
Styrene  Search this
Plexiglas  Search this
Plastics  Search this
Molding -- Plastics  Search this
Plastics industry and trade  Search this
Citation:
[Plastic Pioneers Association Interviews, September 18-20, 1968], Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Tape number x.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1235
See more items in:
Plastic Pioneers Association Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1235

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1920s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Series 7
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref131

Patents and Trademarks

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1870 - 1973
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Series 5
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref109

Patents

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887 - 1973
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 5.1
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref110

Patent Assignments

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1872 - 1961
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 5.2
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref116

Patent Certificates

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1870 - 1970
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 5.3
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref123

Patent Search, Application and Opposition

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930 - 1961
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 5.5
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref128

Journals

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1875 - 1911
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref137

Journals and Cash Books

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1879 - 1894
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref138

Engineering and Production

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1916
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Series 6
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref140

Ledgers

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1878 - 1912
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.3
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref143

Payroll Time Books

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1910 - 1916
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.5
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref144

Trademark Certificates and Registrations

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1894 - 1963
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 5.4
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref147

Printed materials

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Series 8
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref157

Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1875 - 1912
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.6
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref163

Bound Volumes

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1875-1911
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Series 2
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref28

Cash Books

Collection Creator:
Albany Billiard Ball Company (Albany, New York)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1884 - 1912
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0011, Subseries 2.4
See more items in:
Albany Billiard Ball Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0011-ref58

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