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Early Aeronautical News Clippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection

Creator:
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Beals, Jessie Tarbox  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Extent:
23.64 Cubic feet (18 records center boxes; 1 11x17x3 flatbox)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Date:
1903-1974
Summary:
The Early Aeronautical Newsclippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection (NASM.XXXX.0086) consists of 19 boxes of material about early aviation and aeronautics collected by Alexander Graham Bell between 1906 and 1912.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of newspaper clippings gathered by Dr. Bell during the early years of aviation. The material, compiled from American, British, French, and German papers, as well as others, covers a variety of subjects from balloon and airship ascents, air shows, races, and record flights, to accidents, technological developments, and applications. The collection ends with an album of photographs of the aeronautical exhibit at the Automobile Show held in New York in 1907. Supplemental indexes were created for the collection at later times.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged by in the following series:

1. Scrapbooks

2. Indexes

3. Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
Although best known as the inventor of the telephone, Dr. Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) expressed an interest in a wide range of activities, including aviation. By the turn of the 20th century he was experimenting with kites and kite structures, including his famous tetrahedral kite "Cygnus," which carried a man aloft in 1907 and was intended to be fitted with a motor. Bell supported the experiments of Samuel Langley from 1891 on, and had some influence in obtaining War Department funding for Langley's aeronautical work. After the successful flight of the Wright Brothers in 1903 he formed, with Glenn H. Curtiss, F. W. Baldwin, J. A. D. McCurdy, and Lt. T. Selfridge, the Aerial Experimental Association, which experimented with a number of flying machines before the founders dissolved the group in 1909. Bell's contributions to aeronautics are reflected in his being issued nine patents for various advances in "aerial vehicles" and "flying machines."
Provenance:
No donor information, NASM.XXXX.0086, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Citation:
Early Aeronautical Newsclippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0086, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0086
See more items in:
Early Aeronautical News Clippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0086
Additional Online Media:

Commander George C. Sweet Scrapbook

Creator:
Sweet, George C., 1877-1953  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy. Bureau of Navigation. Naval Aeronautical Board  Search this
Wright Flyer Army Trials -- Fort Myer, Vir.  Search this
Sweet, George C., 1877-1953  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1918-1961
bulk 1938-1954
Scope and Contents:
The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, armed service memorabilia, invitations and one large photograph of Commander Sweet. The clippings are about Commander Sweet and also about the Wright Brothers.
Biographical / Historical:
Commander George C. Sweet (1877-1953) was a US Navy officer significant in promoting the early use of aircraft by the Navy. In September 1908, Commander Sweet, serving as a Naval observer, reported favorably on the Wright Brothers airplane demonstration at Fort Meyer, near Washington, DC. Following his appointment to the Naval Aeronautical Board, Commander Sweet received an opportunity to fly with the Wright Brothers, becoming the first Navy officer to travel in an airplane.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0017, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0017
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0017

Roland Rohlfs Scrapbook

Creator:
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Names:
Aerial Advertising Company  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Date:
1914-1973
bulk 1919-1931
Summary:
A scrapbook and photographs documenting Roland Rohlf's aviaiton career.
Scope and Contents:
A scrapbook records Rohlfs' career and includes correspondence, telegrams, programs, and newspaper articles. Loose photographs were reproduced on NASM Archives Videodisc 2B, and include family photographs as well as subjects relating to Rohlfs' career as described above.
Arrangement:
Photographs located in Videodisc Files; scrapbook is a single item.
Biographical / Historical:
Roland Rohlfs started his career establishing motorcycle records in 1914, before turning to the field of aviation. Rohlfs became an instructor and experimental test pilot with Curtiss Aeroplane Company during World War I, and he established speed and altitude records. Because of his popularity, he endorsed advertisements for such items as watches, spark plugs, parachutes and cars. In 1928, Rohlfs developed and patented an aerial neon sign, and established the Aerial Advertising Company to administer it. Toward the end of his career, he promoted private flying as a "Personal Flying Specialist" for the Civil Aviation Authority and he was an operations manager for Aeromarine Airways. Rohlfs was a member of the Early Birds.
Provenance:
Roland Rohlfs, Gift, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0278
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Test pilots -- United States  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Citation:
Roland Rohlfs Collection, NASM.XXXX.0278, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0278
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0278

Vin Fiz Advertisement

Creator:
Armour Company  Search this
Names:
Armour Company  Search this
Rodgers, Calbraith Perry  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Date:
1911
Scope and Contents:
This donation is a 'Vin Fiz' advertisement, 2 x 4 inches. One side reads: 'Greetings for the sky - Rodgers in the Vin-Fiz Flyer from New York to Los Angeles for the Hearst {dollar}50,000 ocean to ocean flight.' The other side advertises the Vin-Fiz grape drink, 'sold everywhere.'
Biographical / Historical:
In 1910, William Randolph Hearst offered a {dollar}50,000 prize to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in thirty days or less. Calbraith Perry Rodgers, hoping to win the prize, took off from Sheepshead Bay, Long Island, New York, on September 17, 1911 in the Wright EX "Vin Fiz." His sponsor, the Armour Company of Chicago, was marketing a grape-flavored soft drink called "Vin Fiz." In addition to the prize money, should he win it, Rodgers would receive {dollar}5 from Armour for every mile flown. Accompanying Rodgers along the route was a special train carrying mechanics, spare parts, and of course, several representatives of the Armour Company. Unfortunately, thirty days passed and Rodgers found himself only as far as Oklahoma. But with the Armour Company's backing, and his own determination to succeed, Rodgers continued west. On November 5, he reached his original goal, Pasadena, California, after flying 4,321 miles. Averaging 52 mph, his total air time was 82 hours and 4 minutes. However, Rodgers wanted to reached the Pacific. So on November 12 he took off again, only to be forced down at Covina Junction and then at Compton. In the Compton crash, he was severely injured, and grounded for nearly a month. Finally, on December 10, using crutches to walk to the repaired aircraft, Rodgers flew onto the sand at Long Beach, California, having completed the first transcontinental flight after more than seventy stops, numerous accidents, an in-flight run-in with an eagle, and replacing enough parts to build four new aircraft.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Frank Hempstead, Gift, 1988, 1989-0010, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Co) Model EX "Vin Fiz"  Search this
Aeronautics in advertising  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0010
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0010

Phillips Ward Page Scrapbook

Creator:
Page, Phillips Ward, 1885-1917  Search this
Names:
Burgess Co and Curtis  Search this
Page, Phillips Ward, 1885-1917  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1911-1912
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook on Phillips W. Page, which contains photographs and newspaper clippings on his career in 1911-1912.
Biographical / Historical:
Phillips Ward Page (1885-1917) was an active early pilot who assisted in the tests and development of some of the early Burgess aircraft, and taught many renowned civilian and military aviators to fly. As the Aviation Editor of the Boston Herald, Page was a passenger on several flight around Boston and the vicinity in the Spring of 1911. Page joined the Wright Flying School at Dayton, Ohio in July of 1911, and obtained his pilot license on 25 October 1911. In November of that year he started carrying passengers and flying exhibitions on week ends, flying around the New York vicinity. He became a full time instructor for the Burgess Company of Marblehead, Massachusetts on Burgess-Wright planes, and for the winter aviation school at Daytona FL. Besides his teaching obligations, Page was a contestant in air meets, made test flights of new military tractors, and took the first motion pictures of Boston from the air. In 1914, Page joined the U.S. Aviation Reserves, and enlisted as a Naval Aviator in April of 1917. He was an instructor at Squantum, Massachusetts Naval Base, before being assigned to duty in France. He drowned in the English Channel in a seaplane accident on 17 December 1917.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Dorothy Miller, Gift, 1990, 1990-0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Burgess Aircraft Family  Search this
Burgess-Wright Aircraft Family  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1990.0037
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1990-0037

Elmo Neale Pickerill Papers

Creator:
Pickerill, Elmo Neale, 1885-1968  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Long Island Early Fliers Club  Search this
OX5 Aviation Pioneers.  Search this
Radio Corporation of America.  Search this
Veterans Wireless Operators Association.  Search this
Extent:
2.55 Cubic feet ((4 legal document boxes) (3 shoeboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Newsletters
Publications
Photographs
Date:
1907-1968
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographs (some with captions) with corresponding negatives, publications, periodicals, Early Bird newsletters and stationary, biographical material, and correspondence from friends and contemporaries.
Biographical / Historical:
Elmo Neale Pickerill (1885 - 1968) was born in Greenridge, Missouri. In 1910 he made his first solo flight while establishing air to ground wireless radio communication. Pickerill was an officer in the aviation section of the Army Signal Corps during World War I. He joined RCA in 1920 and retired in 1950. Pickerill was not only a member, but held officer positions in the following organizations: The Early Birds, Long Island Early Fliers Club, the OX5 Club, and the Veterans Wireless Operators Association. He was most noted for his work with the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Eugene M. Baker, gift, 1997, 1997-0023, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Radio in aeronautics  Search this
Radio  Search this
Radio -- History  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautical instruments  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Newsletters
Publications
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0023
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0023

Carl T. Batts Collection

Creator:
Batts, Carl T., 1892-1969  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Batts, Carl T., 1892-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.35 Cubic Feet ((3 legal document boxes))
1.26 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
1953-1969
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence from and to Batts concerning the organizational interests of the Early Birds. The correspondence is organized into two series, one a chronological correspondence series and the other a series of miscellaneous documents. The correspondence reveals Batts' concern with arrangements for reunions and other affairs of the organization. The letters also contain scattered observations on the various personalities within the organization.
Biographical / Historical:
Carl T. Batts (1892-1969) was a longtime member of the Early Birds and served as its president in 1966. Batts soloed in a Curtiss JN-4D at Curtiss Field on August 19, 1916. He became a instructor at Curtiss Field and in 1917 he was transferred to the Curtiss School at Newport News, VA where he instructed Army and Navy Cadets until the Armistice. In 1919 Batts spent nine months flying around Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland in a Curtiss MF Flying Boat. Batts managed the Curtiss-Wright Flying Service at St. Louis, 1929-1931. During World War II he served as a civilian flight instructor with the Polaris Flight Academy.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
The Early Birds, gift, 1992, 1992-0048, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0048
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0048

Stephen Balzer Correspondence

Creator:
Balzer, Stephen M.  Search this
Names:
Balzer, Stephen M.  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Rathbun, Richard, 1852-1918  Search this
Extent:
0.56 Cubic feet ((1 16x20x3 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Financial records
Date:
1898-1962
bulk 1899-1932
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence between Stephen Balzer and S.P. Langley, Richard Rathbun, Charles M. Manley, and others pertaining to the 52-HP Radial Engine he designed. In addition Balzer designed and built the first automobile to run in New York City, which was exhibited at the Smithsonian Institution. Balzer's engine-building ability came to the attention of Langley in 1898, who decided that a gasoline engine would be more practical for his proposed man-carrying airplane than a steam power plant. There are five items that have no date, including a voucher for payments to Balzer by the Smithsonian Institution, a summary of the engine's progress by Balzer, and the cover of a mail package from V.W. Balzer to Philip S. Hopkins (NAM).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No Donor information, XXXX-0129, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Langley-Manly-Balzer Aero Engine of 1903 5-Cyl. Radial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0129
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0129

H. Paul Culver Air Mail Scrapbook and Invoices

Creator:
Culver, H. Paul, 1893-1964  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Culver, H. Paul, 1893-1964  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Invoices
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook compiled by H. Paul Culver containing news clippings, articles, photographs, an invoice book, an annotated route map, and other documentation relating to the initiation of airmail service.
Biographical / Historical:
H. Paul Culver flew the first regular scheduled air mail run in the world on May 15, 1918. The trip was from Philadelphia to New York and 2457 pieces of mail were carried. The trip was flown in one hour, with the aircraft attaining a speed of 75 miles per hour. Culver learned to fly at the Glenn Curtiss School in Newport News, VA., in 1916. During World War I Culver served as a flying instructor at Princeton University. He was also a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mrs. H. Paul Culver, gift, ca. 1976, XXXX-0401, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air mail service  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Invoices
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0401
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0401

Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection

Creator:
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Names:
Blériot, Louis, 1872-1936  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Farman, Henry  Search this
Latham, Hubert  Search this
Paulhan, Louis  Search this
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet ((7 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1909-1911
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 163 photographs, collected by Whitman, covering early aviation activities in predominantly the United States and France. Aircraft manufacturers represented include: Wright, Curtiss, Bell, Bleriot, Antoinette, Deperdussin, Farman, Voisin, and other American, French, and British designers of the period 1909-1911. The following events are represented: 1909, 1910 Grande Semaines d'Aviation, 1910 Quinzaine de la Baie de la Seine, 1909 meet at Blackpool England and the 1910 meets at Belmont Part Long Island, Nice and other locations. Flights represented include: Bleriot's Channel flight, Latham's flight over San Francisco and flights in and around New York and Paris. Aviators represented include: the Wright Brothers, Henry Farman, Louis Bleriot, Hubert Latham, Glenn Curtiss, Louis Paulhan, and other French and American pilots.
Biographical / Historical:
Roger B. Whitman was a prominent photographer who maintained a lifetime love of aviation. During World War I he was in the Air Service and established the first school of aerial photography. Whitman was later the Associate Editor of the American 'Country Life.'
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Herbert S. Whitman, Gift, 1979, XXXX-0517, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bell Aircraft Family  Search this
Bleriot Aircraft Family  Search this
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Antoinette Aircraft Family  Search this
Voisin Aircraft Family  Search this
Deperdussin Aircraft Family  Search this
Aeronautics -- France  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0517
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0517

Evan J. Parker Scrapbook

Creator:
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Strobel Dirigible Co  Search this
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1908-1966
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a red scrapbook, with the following title: 'Pioneer Dirigible Flights 1908, 1910, 1911.' The scrapbook contains photographs, newspaper articles and programs documenting Parker's dirigible career and his involvement in the Early Birds.
Biographical / Historical:
Evan Jenkins Parker (1885-1966), a pioneer dirigible pilot, made his first solo flight in a dirigible at Hutchinson, Kansas in 1908 and until 1911 he barnstormed at county fairs in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. Parker worked for Strobel Dirigible, Co., where he both constructed and flew dirigibles which were propelled 300-400 feet above the ground by two-cylinder motorcycle engines. He had several close calls, including when the dirigible crashed into a roller coaster and electrical wires. When he was 27, Parker ended his professional flying career and went to work for Eastman Kodak Company. Parker was a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Evan Parker, through the Early Birds, Gift, 1966?, XXXX-0348, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airships  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0348
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0348

Santos-Dumont 20 Demoiselle Type, American Homebuilt Version

Extent:
6 digital images (Scans from original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives loaned by donor for copying. Original negatives had extensive silver mirroring in dense areas (severe at edges), dust spotting, surface dirt, and chipping of emulsion at edges of plates., 600 ppi RGB TIFF files, 6100 x 4851 pixels)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Date:
circa 1911
Scope and Contents:
Six views of a homebuilt version of a Santos-Dumont 20 Demoiselle design (no engine mounted) on the ground in the back yard of a suburban area, probably somewhere in the Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area circa 1911.

These scans from the original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives have been processed to correct exposure and desaturated to reduce yellowing.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Collection Citation:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography, NASM Acc. 2018.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2018-0062-ref1

Wright Model B Modified Flyer

Creator:
Fairmont East High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Fairmont West High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Names:
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.22 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents:
There are 73 drawings including a 3 view assembly, front view, side view, top view and tail section as well as 22 drawings of wing details (including engine mounts, seats, etc.); 6 drawings of tail details; 7 drawings of horizontal stabilizer and bellcrank details; 5 drawings of rudder details; 8 drawings of landing gear, 2 drawings of front skid assembly; 13 drawings of control assembly; 4 drawings of radiator details and one drawing of the fuel tank.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright Model B was a one-man machine built by Wilbur and Orville Wright to be used for exhibition work. With a maximum length of 31 feet, maximum breadth of 39 feet and supporting surface of 500 square feet, its total weight was 1250 lbs. including aviator and passenger. The Model B's motor was a 30-35 h.p. 4 cylinder one. This set of drawings was a bicentennial project done in 1976 by members of the drafting departments of Fairmont East and Fairmont West High Schools in Kettering, Ohio.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0460, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0460
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0460

James Vernon Martin Papers

Creator:
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co  Search this
Harvard Aeronautical Society  Search this
Harvard Boston Aero Meet  Search this
Manufacturers Aircraft Association  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Co (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Factory (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
United States. Merchant Marine  Search this
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Martin, Lilly Irvine  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Cubic Feet ((5 legal document boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Drawings
Financial records
Date:
1885-1956
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material documenting Martin's life. The material includes letters, photos, and documents relating to his Merchant Marine career and his aircraft and aeronautical inventions. Also included are documents pertaining to his conspiracy charges against the government and aircraft industry.
Biographical / Historical:
James Vernon Martin (1885-1956) was an aviator and inventor during the early days of aviation. He joined the Merchant Marine (1900) before attending the University of Virginia and Harvard (graduate degree, 1912). While at Harvard he organized the Harvard Aeronautical Society (1910), served as its first director, and, through the Society, organized the first international air meet in the United States (1910). He traveled to England in January 1911 for flight training and received Royal Aero Club F.A.I. Certificate #55. After returning to the U.S. in June 1911, he traveled the exhibition circuit (1911-13) before rejoining the Merchant Marine as commander of USS Lake Frey (1914). During 1915 he flew flight test for the Aeromarine Co. In 1917, he formed the Martin Aeroplane Company in Elyria, OH on the strength of nine aeronautical patents, including his automatic stabilizer (1916) and retractable landing gear (1916). In 1920 he moved the concern to Dayton, OH as Martin Enterprises and offered free use of his patents to the American aeronautical industry. He moved to Garden City (Long Island), NY in 1922, called the company the Martin Aeroplane Factory, and, two years later, sued the United States government and the Manufacturers Aeronautical Association, claiming that they conspired to monopolize the aviation industry. The suit was dismissed in 1926, but Martin continued to press his claims of collusion through the 1930s. During World War II he again returned to the sea, commanding a troop transport in the Pacific. Afterwards he tried to raise interest in a large catamaran flying boat, the Martin 'Oceanplane', but failed in the face of the growth in commercial trans-ocean service by conventional aircraft.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, unknown, XXXX-0162, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Drawings
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0162
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0162

Harry Copland Collection

Creator:
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Flying Service, Inc  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
United States. Army. Air Corps. Southeast Army Air Corps  Search this
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.78 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box) (3 shoeboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Date:
1917-1953
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three boxes of 4' and 3' glass slides, dating from the early 1930s. The slides are probably from 1919-1932 when Copland was an instructor and lecturer for Curtiss Flying Service, Inc. There are also seven log books chronicling both Copland's civilian and military flights (1917-1942) and numerous private and commerical pilots, mechanic, and medical licenses mostly from the 1920s-1940s. Lastly, there is a small black binder full of aerial photographs and notes, relating to a number of fields that were used for World War II training. All of the fields were part of the Southeast Army Air Corps, which included a number of civilian contract schools. Included in this notebook are lists of the officers for each school. The following fields and schools are included: Riddle Aero Inst., Florida; Lodwick School of Aero, Florida; Hawthorne School of Aeronautics, South Carolina; Tuskegee Institute, Alabama; Darr Aero Tech, Georgia; Graham Aviation Company, Georgia; Embry-Riddle Company, Florida; Lodwich Aviation Military Academy, Florida; Southeastern Air Service, South Carolina; Southern Aviation School, South Carolina; Clarksdale School of Aviation, Mississippi; South Aviation Training School, Alabama; Raymond-Richardson Aviation Co, Georgia; Helena Aero Tech, Arkansas; and Greenville Aviation School, Florida.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Depew Copland (1896-1976) was an Early Bird, soloing in a glider in 1909 and in an airplane in 1911. His many achievements include: exhibition flights, (1911); British Blockade Runners, radio officer (1915-1916); Canadian Royal Flying Corps 203rd Squadron, 1st Lieutenant and Flight Commander (1917-1919); District Manager of the New England Flying Service in charge of Curtiss Primary School Flying Operations (1929-1932). During World War II he served at Maxwell Field, AL, and as commanding officer of the 19th AAF Basic Flying Detachment at Greenville, S.C. Copland was also involved with Altantic Airways, Inc., United Air Lines, and was the Director of Florida Aviation Department.
General:
Other materials: Two pouches which had held licenses and log books were transferred to NASM Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Harry Copland?, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0439, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0439
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0439
Additional Online Media:

George A. Page Jr. Collection

Creator:
Page, George Augustus, Jr., 1892-1983  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co  Search this
Aeronca (Aeronautical Corp of America)  Search this
American Trans Oceanic Co  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Heinrich Aeroplane Co, Inc  Search this
Moisant Monoplane Co  Search this
Page, George Augustus, Jr., 1892-1983  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Correspondence
Logs (records)
Publications
Clippings
Date:
1921-1977
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material documenting Page's aviation career: membership cards and licenses; log books; newspaper and magazine articles; biographical material; and photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
George Augustus Page (1892-1983) was an Early Bird and a pioneer aircraft designer. Page was issued his pilot's license in 1914 and went on to became an aeronautical engineer despite the fact that he had no formal training. Page began his aeronautical design career by working for small aviation companies -- Aeromarine Plane and Motor Co., Heinrich Aeroplane Company, Inc, and Moisant. Besides a brief time in 1919-1921, when Page was a mechanic and pilot for American Trans Oceanic Co. -- an early airline operation between Miami and Cuba, Page worked for Curtiss-Wright Air Plane Division from 1917 to 1951. Curtiss-Wright hired Page as director of engineering and in this position he directed production of 130 types of aircraft. One of Page's most famous designs was the C46 cargo plane use in the India-Burma-ChinaTheater during World War II. Page left Curtiss-Wright in 1951 to work for Aeronca, Inc.
Provenance:
Estate of George Page, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0126
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Logs (records)
Publications
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0126
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0126

Matthew Bacon Sellers II Collection

Creator:
Sellers, Matthew Bacon, II, 1869-1932  Search this
Names:
1909 Fort Myer Military Trials  Search this
Sellers, Matthew Bacon, II, 1869-1932  Search this
Extent:
0.68 Cubic Feet ((2 legal document boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Reports
Photographs
Correspondence
Notes
Diaries
Place:
Fort Myer (Va.)
Date:
1889-1924
Scope and Contents:
This donation includes the following: eighteen diaries of Sellers, 1899-1903 and 1907-1909; his laboratory daybook in which he wrote many of the details of his aeronautical work; Sellers' personal correspondence, 1899-1917; photographs, including images of Sellers quadruplane hang gliders, wind tunnels, and biplane; photographs by Sellers of the Wright Model A at the 1909 Fort Myer Military Trials; miscellaneous reports; and family papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Matthew Bacon Sellers II (1869 - 1932) received a LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1893 and during 1893-94 studied chemistry, physics, and mechanical arts from the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University, and Drexel Institute. From childhood, Sellers exhibited an interest in artificial flight, making his own kites, hot-air and hydrogen balloons, and various kinds of 'mechanical birds.' In 1903 Sellers began to direct his full attention to aeronautical research and invention. From 1903 to 1925, Sellers was involved with building gliders, aircraft and wind tunnels to accurately measure lift and drag of various airfoil curves. Sellers made his first powered hop in 1908 and among the mechanical innovations that he received patents on was an undercarriage design featuring retractable wheels. He was considered a leading authority on aerodynamics and was appointed to several boards, including the Aerodynamic Laboratory Commission, and the Naval Consulting Board as an expert on aviation and related matters. Sellers was also the technical editor of 'Aeronautics' and authored 30 articles on aerodynamics.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
John Clark Sellers and Matthew Bacon Sellers III, Gift, 1986, 1986-0050, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aerodynamics  Search this
Wind tunnels  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Sellers 1908 Quadruplane (Sellers No 5)  Search this
Sellers 1909 Quadruplane (Sellers No 6)  Search this
Sellers 1924 Multiplane  Search this
Wright (Co) Type A Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Photographs
Correspondence
Notes
Diaries
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0050

Orville and Wilbur Wright Memorabilia Collection

Names:
Hammer, William Joseph, 1858-1934  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ephemera
Photographs
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1906-1948
bulk 1907-1928
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains letters, telegrams, brochures, photographs and miscellaneous ephemera pertaining to Orville and Wilbur Wright. Included with the correspondence are letters written to William J. Hammer, who was an aeronautical pioneer and associated with the Wright Brothers, as well as other individuals including C. R. Peterkin. Additional items are, brochures from the Wilbur Wright Memorial, a brochure of the 25th Anniversary celebration of the first successful airplane flight, December 17, 1928, a sketch on an envelope by Wilbur Wright of a flight around the Statue of Liberty in 1909, a sympathy acknowledgment card for the Wrights' for Wilbur's death, and a photograph signed by Orville Wright. Also enclosed with the collection is a piece of wood from the Wright Brothers hangar at Kitty Hawk, presented by Orville Wright.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for {dollar}30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0079, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Awards  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Photographs
Brochures
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0079
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0079

1903 Wright Flyer Drawings

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Names:
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Christman, Louis  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Cubic Feet ((3 48"x36"x3" drawers))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1928-1986
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of drawings of the 1903 Wright Flyer executed at various times during the life of the aircraft: Science Museum of London Drawings -- commissioned when the aircraft was on loan to the Museum; Ford Drawings -- sponsored by the Ford Motor Company which were supervised by Orville Wright and Charles Taylor; Christman Drawings -- drafted by Louis Christman who consulted with Orville Wright and other sources; and the National Air and Space Museum Drawings -- commissioned by the Museum during the 1985 restoration of the Wright 1903 Flyer. These drawings include three view drawings as well as both the airframe and engine components.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright 1903 Flyer holds a special place in aviation history as the vehicle in which mankind first achieved controlled, powered, and sustained flight. The Wrights made no drawings of the aircraft when they originally built it and they continuously modified the craft during flight tests. The aircraft also underwent modifications due to damage suffered following its last flight, and the reconstruction work of 1916 and 1925-1927. Thus, there will always be some doubt about the exact configuration of the aircraft during the 1903 flights.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
NASM, Science Museum of London, Ford Museum, Gift/Transfer, 1986-0152, Some NASM
Restrictions:
Some restrictions on distribution.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0152
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0152

Charles E. Taylor Collection

Creator:
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Names:
Wright-Martin Aircraft Co  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Biographies
Date:
1928-1966
bulk 1928-1956
Scope and Contents:
This accession includes Taylor's correspondence with his son, Rueben W. Taylor, (1928-1948), and the Garrison Machine Works, (1953-1956), makers of gears used in the Wright flyer engines. The letters to Rueben Taylor are originals, while the Garrison Machine Works correspondence are mostly xerox copies. Also included are brief biographical sketches of Taylor.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Edward Taylor (1868-1956), sometimes referred to as 'the first airplane mechanic,' worked intermittently from 1901 to 1920 for Orville and Wilbur Wright and the Wright-Martin Company. Born in Nebraska in 1868, Taylor built the first engine that powered an airplane in flight, a little four-cylnder, gasoline engine which was used in the Wright 1903 Flyer at Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Charles Edward Taylor, II, Gift, 1986, 1987-0006, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Biographies
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0006
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0006

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