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Clement Melville Keys Papers

Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Names:
Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Transcontinental & Western Air, Inc.  Search this
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Extent:
16.3 Cubic feet (32 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Financial records
Drawings
Date:
1916-1952
bulk 1928-1931
Summary:
Clement Melville Keys (1876-1952) was a financier and corporate organizer who promoted aviation through the post-World War I decade. In 1916 he came to the aid of the financially-troubled Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. and was made an unsalaried vice president. Keys accompanied the American Aviation Mission to Europe in 1919, returning to purchase a controlling interest in Curtiss in 1920. He remained president of Curtiss until the 1929 merger with Wright Aeronautical Corp. to form Curtiss-Wright Corporation, whereupon he became president of the new company. In 1931, however, Keys resigned as chairman of T&WA following a bitter struggle for control of the airline. Mental collapse followed and Keys surrendered all his remaining aviation interests and left Curtiss-Wright in 1933.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of Keys' business records and correspondence from the 1920s and early 1930s. The bulk of the material relates to the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company/Curtiss-Wright Corporation and related firms, as well as Transcontinental Air Transport. The material includes business (operating) correspondence and records relating to Keys' financial interests.

The collection is divided into three series. The first series consists of materials dated through Keys' withdrawal from his aviation interests in 1932, followed by a second series of materials post-dating 1932. The final series consists of a small number of legal-sized documents not marked by Keys or his secretary and not otherwise placeable in either of the first two series. Because of the small amount of legal-sized material in the collection, the bulk of the collection has been stored in letter-sized containers; all legal-size documents have been placed in legal-sized containers at the end of the collection (Boxes 29-31) and a cross-reference note entered in the appropriate place in basic folder list. Larger materials have been placed in a single oversized box (Box 32) with cross-references in the folder list as appropriate.
Arrangement:
The processing of the Keys papers began as an intern project. The intern, however, was unable to complete the work before the end of the intemship period and I was assigned to rebox the materials that had been left unprocessed so that higher priority activities could continue. The long-term plan was that I would finish processing the collection when other projects had been completed. At this time I discovered two things: first, many of the documents had been marked for filing, apparently by Keys or Mr. Swan, his confidential secretary; second, much of the material was no longer in this order. When my work load allowed me to return to the processing of the Keys Papers, I surveyed the collection. The remaining original folder labels and cross-reference sheets appeared to confirm my first discovery - many of the documents had been marked for filing.

Most of my work since has been directed at undoing the mishandling from the initial work, most of which occurred in the files relating to the Curtiss group of companies. Almost all of the items dating from mid-1928 onwards carry some sort of filing marks: these items have been reorganized into the indicated filing units (see folder list, below). Unfortunately, enclosures often were not marked: some of these were refiled in 1987 and their provenance is, therefore, lost. A close textual analysis of the collection would be necessary to reunite enclosures with their cover letters; current work load and staff levels preclude this labor-intensive operation.

Almost all of the items dating from mid-1928 onwards carry some sort of filing marks: these items have been reorganized into the indicated filing units (see folder list). Unfortunately, enclosures often were not marked: some of these were refiled in 1987 and their provenance is, therefore, lost. A close textual analysis of the collection would be necessary to reunite enclosures with their cover letters; current work load and staff levels preclude this labor-intensive operation.

Materials pre-dating mid-1928 or otherwise unmarked have been filed by "best guess" from the correspondents and subject of the letters. Some materials doubtless remain misfiled. Researchers should examine folders that seem even marginally related to their topic for unmarked but related documents.

Titles appearing in brackets [ ] are the archivist's.

Series 1

Materials through 1932

Series 2

Post-1932 Material

Series 3

Miscellaneous Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Clement Melville Keys (1876-1952) was a financier and corporate organizer who promoted aviation through the post Word War I decade. Canadian-born, Keys graduated from Toronto University (B.A. 1897) and taught classics before coming to the United States in 1901 (naturalized, 1924). He went to work for the Wall Street Journal, first as a reporter (1901-1903), then as railroad editor (1903-1905) before becoming financial editor for World's Work (1905-1911). In 1911 he founded C. M. Keys & Co., an investment counseling firm and bond dealer. In 1916 he came to the aid of the financially-troubled Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. and was made an unsalaried Vice President. Keys accompanied the American Aviation Mission to Europe in 1919, returning to purchase a controlling interest in Curtiss in 1920. He remained president of Curtiss until the 1929 merger with Wright Aeronautical Corp. to form Curtiss-Wright Corporation, whereupon he became president of the new company. During his tenure as president of Curtiss (1920-1929) and its successor, Curtiss-Wright Corp. (1929-1933), Keys brought the company from the brink of bankruptcy to a position as one of the leading aircraft manufacturers in the world. Curtiss also became the center of a group of aviation-related companies which served to market and operate Curtiss aircraft. At the same time, Keys expanded his own holdings until he was at the head of twenty-six corporations, including aviation holdings companies, such as North American Aviation and National Aviation Corp., as well as the first American transcontinental air service, Transcontinental Air Transport (later Transcontinental & Western Airline). In January 1932, Keys withdrew from all his aviation interests, citing ill health. He remained connected with C. M. Keys & Co., concentrating mainly on financial and real estate interests. Upon retiring from Keys & Co. in 1942, he started a new company, C. M. Keys Aircraft Service Co. and, after World War II, helped organize Peruvian International Airways, which began operating in South America in 1947.
Provenance:
Donated by Elizabeth Keys Stoney.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Financial records
Drawings
Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0091
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091
Additional Online Media:

Manila Davis Talley Scrapbook

Creator:
Talley, Manila Davis.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
United States. Civil Air Patrol  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
bulk 1917-1967
bulk 1929-1942
Summary:
This collection consists of a scrapbook relating to Manila Davis Talley and her aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of one scrapbook which contains newspaper clippings, membership cards, programs, photographs, and pilot's licenses, mostly relating to Manila Davis Talley and her aviation career. The focus of the collection is on the years 1929-42, and highlights Talley's career as a salesperson for Curtis-Wright, and her association with the 99s and the Betsy Ross Corps. Also included is the scrapbook is information on the Women's National Air Races, the Women's National Air Meets, and Talley's work with the Civil Air Patrol. The scrapbook also includes clippings and other items related to Amelia Earhart, Jimmy Doolittle and General Balbo.
Arrangement:
Single item in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Manila Davis Talley (1898-1973) soloed in October 1929 and received her pilot's license in April of 1930. She joined Curtis-Wright Corporation as a saleswoman in late 1929 or early 1930. Talley joined the 99s (international association of female pilots) in 1930 and was a founding member of Betsy Ross Corps, a private 1930s female auxiliary/reserve for the Army Air Corps. Talley was the third woman to go through Air Force War College, in December 1966.
Provenance:
Estate of Manila Davis Talley, Gift, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0041
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Manila Davis Talley Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0041
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0041
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Additional Online Media:

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc. [General File]

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref17

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1929
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref18

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1930-1931
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref1824

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.; Appropriations

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1931
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref20

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.; Bradley, S.S.

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1922-1926
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref21

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.; Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co.

Collection Creator:
Keys, Clement Melville, 1876-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1930
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Clement Melville Keys Papers, Accession XXXX-0091, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Clement Melville Keys Papers
Clement Melville Keys Papers / Series 1: Materials through 1932 / 1.1: Materials through 1932 -- Documents Filed by Correspondent or Subject
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0091-ref22

Resolution of Tribute for Curtiss, Board of Governors, Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.

Collection Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
July 23, 1930
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection, Acc. XXXX-0053, National Air & Space Museum, Smithsonian Inst.
See more items in:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0053-ref85

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Organizations
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-d-ref158

Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer DA, Folder 312500-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Archives Reading Room at the Museum in Washington, DC. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Reference Desk.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Organizations
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-d-ref159

Air Transport Facts, Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, Inc.

Collection Creator:
Hammer, William Joseph, 1858-1934  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1933
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
William J. Hammer Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0074-ref103

Aerospace Industries Association of America Microfilm

Creator:
Aerospace Industries Association of America  Search this
Names:
Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America  Search this
Aerospace Industries Association of America  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Cubic Feet ((7 shoeboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Microfilms
Date:
1919-1956
Scope and Contents:
These 136 reels of 16 mm microfilm were filmed from the AIA's 1919-1956 records, which document the early history of aviation in the United States. Each reel contains about 4000 documents which trace the strategies, plans, successes and failures of aircraft builders, airline operators, and "air-minded" Americans through aviation's formative years.
Biographical / Historical:
The Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) is the trade association and lobby for the aerospace industry in the United States. It was incorporated in 1922 as the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce (ACC) and changed its name to the Aircraft Industries Association in 1945, before finally becoming the AIA in 1960. The main functions of the association are to provide information to member companies on market, legislative, regulatory, and technological developments and to try and shape these in the members' interests.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc., Purchase, 1991-1993, 1991-0084, AIA?
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0084
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0084

Confidential Report for Directors of Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation on Ranger Engineering Division by Barclay Harding, December 5, 1939; Washington Daily Reporter System, Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., April 7, 1944; and The Aeronautical ...

Collection Creator:
Fairchild Aircraft Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 391, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 26, 1944
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Fairchild Industries, Inc. collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0060-ref3975

Superiority of Flying Boats in Transocean Service -- Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America

Collection Creator:
Fulton, Garland, 1890-1974  Search this
Container:
Box 30, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1937
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Collection Citation:
Garland Fulton Collection, Accession XXXX-0101, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Garland Fulton Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0101-ref254

Medal, Edsel Ford Tour for Research Medal, Glenn L. Martin

Manufacturer:
Gorham Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Sterling Silver
Dimensions:
3-D: 4.8 × 5.2 × 0.5cm (1 7/8 × 2 1/16 × 3/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
ca. 1920s
Credit Line:
Donated by Miss Della Martin
Inventory Number:
A19590115000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19590115000
Additional Online Media:

Money Clip, National Air Races 1946, Glenn L. Martin

Materials:
Sterling Silver
Solder
Dimensions:
3-D: 4.1 × 0.6 × 5.2cm (1 5/8 × 1/4 × 2 1/16 in.)
Type:
MEMORABILIA-People
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Miss Della Martin
Inventory Number:
A19590118000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19590118000
Additional Online Media:

Pin, Lapel, National Aeronautic Association, Glenn L. Martin

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Enamel
Dimensions:
3-D: 0.8 × 1.4cm (5/16 × 9/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Miss Della Martin
Inventory Number:
A19590118001
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19590118001
Additional Online Media:

Medal, Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce Medal, Adm. Richard Byrd

Manufacturer:
Whitehead-Hoag Co.  Search this
Materials:
Bronze (Copper Alloy)
Varnish
Dimensions:
3-D: 8.2 × 0.8cm (3 1/4 × 5/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences Inc.
Inventory Number:
A19640121000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19640121000
Additional Online Media:

Medal, Commemorative, Newport to Catalina Flight, Glenn Martin

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Possible Gold Plating
Possible Silver Plating
Unknown Gemstone
Possible Gold Alloy
Dimensions:
3-D: 12.7 × 5.7 × 1cm (5 × 2 1/4 × 3/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Miss Della Martin
Inventory Number:
A19590111000
Restrictions & Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19590111000
Additional Online Media:

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