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Academie Julian class

Subject:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1890
Topic:
Art students  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12357
See more items in:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978, bulk 1890-1937
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12357
Additional Online Media:

Académie Julian, Paris, France

Collection Creator:
Dow, Arthur W. (Arthur Wesley), 1857-1922  Search this
Extent:
(1 vintage print)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 41
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1886
Collection Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Arthur Wesley Dow papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Arthur Wesley Dow papers, circa 1826-1978 (bulk 1879-1922). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur Wesley Dow papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dowarth-ref73

Académie Julian art students posing with an artists' model

Photographer:
Bianchi, F.  Search this
Subject:
Storrs, John Henry Bradley  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Paris, France
Date:
circa 1912
Topic:
Art students  Search this
Artists' models  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15851
See more items in:
John Henry Bradley Storrs papers, 1790-2007, bulk 1900-1956
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15851
Additional Online Media:

Class portrait of the Academie Julian with Charles Waltensperger as a student

Creator:
Harmelin  Search this
Subject:
Waltensperger, Charles E.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1893
Topic:
Art schools  Search this
Artists in groups  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8828
See more items in:
Charles E. Waltensperger papers, 1893-1931
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8828
Additional Online Media:

Oversized Académie Julian Alumni Photo

Collection Creator:
Dabo, Leon, 1868-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1914
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Leon Dabo papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Leon Dabo papers, circa 1888-1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leon Dabo papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-daboleon-ref39

Photograph of Waltensperger and Art Students at the Académie Julian

Collection Creator:
Waltensperger, Charles E., 1871-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 61
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1893
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Charles E. Waltensperger papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Charles E. Waltensperger papers, 1893-1931. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles E. Waltensperger papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-waltchar-ref74

Atelier at the Academie Julian, Paris, (painting)

Painter:
Slade, Caleb Arnold 1882-1961  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
University of Connecticut William Benton Museum of Art Storrs Connecticut 06268
Date:
Ca. 1909
Topic:
Architecture interior--Art Building--Academie Julian  Search this
Architecture interior--Studio  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Occupation--Art--Artist  Search this
Occupation--Education--Student  Search this
Object--Art Tool--Easel  Search this
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89370029
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_378508

Atelier For Women, The Academie Julian

Artist:
M. Riccardo Nobili  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Women  Search this
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Black ink on prepared paper
Dimensions:
15.9 x 18.2cm (6 1/4 x 7 3/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1880
Topic:
Artist's Effects\Easel  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Unidentified Women: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Website: ndm.si.edu
Object number:
1953.161.1 CHNDM
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1953.161.1_CHNDM

Letter from Edmund C. Tarbell, Paris, France to Emeline Souther Tarbell, Boston, Massachusetts

Creator:
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Tarbell, Emeline Arnold Souther, 1865-1947  Search this
Subject:
Académie Julian  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1884 November 7
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)21146
See more items in:
Edmund C. Tarbell papers, circa 1855-circa 2000, bulk 1885-1938
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_21146
Additional Online Media:

Overcoming all obstacles : the women of the Académie Julian / Gabriel P. Weisberg and Jane R. Becker, editors

Author:
Weisberg, Gabriel P  Search this
Becker, Jane R  Search this
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute  Search this
Dahesh Museum  Search this
Dixon Gallery and Gardens  Search this
Subject:
Académie Julian Alumni and alumnae  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 146 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1999
C1999
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_609124

Leon Dabo papers, circa 1888-1969

Creator:
Dabo, Leon, 1868-1960  Search this
Subject:
Dabo, Theodore Scott  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Detroit Museum of Art  Search this
Topic:
Sketches  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7300
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209453
AAA_collcode_daboleon
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209453
Additional Online Media:

Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978, bulk 1890-1937

Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Subject:
Curtis, Atherton  Search this
Taverty, J. J.  Search this
Tanner, Jesse O.  Search this
Tanner, Jessie O.  Search this
Carpenter, J. S.  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Old American Art Club (Paris, France)  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Topic:
Sketches  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Expatriate painters  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9229
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211424
AAA_collcode_tannhenr
Theme:
African American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211424
Additional Online Media:

Revivons nos belles années à l'Académie Julian 1919-1925 / Albert Larcher

Author:
Larcher, Albert  Search this
Subject:
Académie Julian  Search this
Physical description:
67 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Date:
1982
C1982
20th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N6848 .L37 1982
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_566692

Arthur Wesley Dow papers

Creator:
Dow, Arthur W. (Arthur Wesley), 1857-1922  Search this
Names:
Académie Julian -- Photographs  Search this
Ipswich Summer Art School -- Photographs  Search this
Hess, Herbert A. (Herbert Arthur)  Search this
Kenyon, Henry Rodman, 1861-1926 -- Photographs  Search this
Käsebier, Gertrude, 1852-1934  Search this
Extent:
1.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Photographs
Date:
circa 1826-1978
bulk 1879-1922
Summary:
The papers of Arthur Wesley Dow measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1826-1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1879-1922. The collection documents aspects of the life and work of the landscape painter, printmaker, photographer and educator. Papers include correspondence, diaries, writings, lecture notes, clippings, catalogs, ephemera, artwork, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Arthur Wesley Dow measure 1.3 linear feet and date from 1826 to 1978, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1879 to 1922. Correspondence consists of two folders, which contain a few letters from Dow to his family during his stints painting in Brittany and to and from Columbia University's Teachers College, as well as letters from his wife (then fiancée) Minnie Pearson Dow to her mother and friend while she, too, was studying painting abroad. There is also a folder of typescript and handwritten notes on Dow's correspondence, the majority of which is not in this collection, attributed to his biographer, Arthur Warren Johnson. Diaries include travel diaries kept by Dow and his brother Dana F. Dow during their "trip around the world" in 1903-1904. Publications, clippings, exhibition catalogs, announcements for Dow's Ipswich Summer School of Art and a new edition of his book Composition: A Series of Exercises in Art Structure for the Use of Students and Teachers are found within printed materials. Notes and writings include a substantial number of handwritten manuscripts and typescripts of Dow's lectures on art and art history during his tenure as the Dean of Fine Arts at the Teachers College of Columbia University. There are a few examples of works of art, including prints from the Ipswich Prints series, and a pencil sketch of a colonial home, similar to those that appeared in the serial Antiquarian Papers.

This collection is particularly rich in vintage prints of Dow portraits as well as family and group photographs, although it does not include any of the artist's landscape cyanotypes. Among the nineteen vintage prints are several platinum prints including a portrait by the renowned Pictorialist photographer Gertrude Käsebier and an atmospheric image of Dow taken at the Grand Canyon by Mrs. Fannie Coburn, the mother of another well-known Pictorialist photographer, Alvin Langdon Coburn. There are also three portraits by Herbert Hess and a photogravure of Dow by Kenneth Alexander that was used in the publication announcement for the second edition of Composition. Group photographs include an albumen print of fellow artist Henry R. Kenyon with Dow in his Ipswich studio, with classmates at the Académie Julian in Paris, and with his own students during a crafts class at his Ipswich Summer Art School. There are also several modern copy prints of vintage photographs from other collections as well as photographs of artworks by Dow and his contemporaries.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1885-1934 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Diaries, 1861-1904 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1904-1977 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Materials, circa 1826-1978 (Boxes 1-2; 5 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1880-1977 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1879-1906 (Box 1; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
Arthur Wesley Dow, landscape painter, printmaker, photographer, and influential art educator, was born in Ipswich, Massachusetts on April 6, 1857, the eldest son of Mary Patch and David Dow. As a young man, he showed interest in the colonial history of Ipswich and together with Reverend Augustine Caldwell, he produced the serial Antiquarian Papers from 1875 to 1880, which featured Dow's drawings of local colonial architecture. It was Caldwell who advised him to pursue formal art instruction and in 1880 Dow began studying in the Boston studio of James M. Stone.

Like many aspiring American artists of his generation, Dow traveled to Paris for further art instruction. Between 1884 and 1889, the artist alternated between spending time in Paris, where he had enrolled in the Académie Julian, and in Brittany where he painted landscapes en plein air. During this period he produced landscape paintings that were accepted into the Paris Salon and exhibited to moderate success back in the United States.

Shortly after his return to Ipswich, Dow took a studio in Boston, where he hoped to attract students and began an extremely fertile and successful period as an art educator. He began studying Japanese art, particularly the compositional elements employed in Japanese prints, which he synthesized with Western art techniques and utilized in teaching composition and design. In addition to seeing students in his Boston studio, he began the Ipswich Summer School of Art, which continued into 1907. Pratt Institute hired Dow as an art instructor in 1895 and he remained there until 1904, when he was appointed the Director of Fine Arts of the Columbia University Teacher's College, a position he retained until his death in 1922. Between 1897 and 1903, he also taught at the Art Students League.

In 1899 his seminal book, Composition: A Series of Exercises in Art Structure for the Use of Students and Teachers, was published. Composition illustrated Dow's teaching method, which focused on the compositional elements of line, notan (a Japanese word for the balance of light and dark in a composition) and color. The book underwent several printings and art schools across the United States adopted the Dow method. Max Weber, Georgia O'Keeffe and the photographer Alvin Langdon Coburn were among the artists who personally benefited from Dow's instruction. Through his teaching, publications, and public speeches, Arthur Wesley Dow played an important role in shaping modern American art.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the William H. Elsner papers relating to Arthur Wesley Dow, which include color photographs of Dow's works of art and correspondence regarding Dow between Frederick Moffatt and Rudolph Schaeffer.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 1027, 1033-1034, and 1079) including biographical material, correspondence, manuscripts, printed material, and one diary. Reel 1271 contains group photographs taken at the Académie Julian, Paris, as well as unidentified group photographs, some of the photographs and are available at the Ipswich Historical Society. All other loaned materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Material on reels 1027 and 1033-1034 were lent for microfilming by the Ipswich Historical Society, 1975. The diary on reel 1079 was lent by the Society for Preservation of New England Antiquities, 1976. Dow's grand-niece, Mrs. George N. Wright, donated material in 1976, and lent the photographs for microfilming in 1977. Additional material was received from Frederick Moffatt in 1989, who had obtained them in preparation for his book Arthur Dow (1977).
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Arthur Wesley Dow papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Landscape painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Printmakers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Photographers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art educators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Photographs
Citation:
Arthur Wesley Dow papers, circa 1826-1978 (bulk 1879-1922). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dowarth
See more items in:
Arthur Wesley Dow papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dowarth
Additional Online Media:

Joseph Lindon Smith papers

Creator:
Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950  Search this
Names:
Académie Julian  Search this
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, Sir, 1836-1912  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston, 1862-1951  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Carson, Kit, 1809-1868  Search this
Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924  Search this
James, Henry, 1843-1916  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely, 1828-1902  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948  Search this
Ross, Denman Waldo, 1853-1935  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Smith, Corinna Lindon, 1876-  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Extent:
8.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Notebooks
Photographs
Prints
Interviews
Drafts (documents)
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Place:
Egypt, Antiquities
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
1647-1965
bulk 1873-1965
Summary:
The papers of Boston and New Hampshire painter Joseph Lindon Smith date from 1647-1965, with the bulk of papers dating from 1873-1965, and measure 8.8 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; letters from family members, artists, museums, and art patrons; seven diaries by Smith and two by his wife Corinna, personal business records, notes and writings, files concerning charitable theatrical productions, one sketchbook and other art work, a scrapbook, printed material, photographs, and sound recordings of radio interviews and a radio program on Smith.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Boston and New Hampshire painter Joseph Lindon Smith date from 1647-1965, with the bulk of papers dating from 1873-1965, and measure 8.8 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; letters from family members, artists, museums, and art patrons; seven diaries by Smith and two by his wife Corinna, personal business records, notes and writings, files concerning charitable theatrical productions, one sketchbook and other art work, a scrapbook, printed material, photographs, and sound recordings of radio interviews and a radio program on Smith.

Scattered biographical material consists of family history documents for the Smith and Putnam families, a Jenkes family tree, and passports for Joseph Lindon Smith and his family.

Over three linear feet of letters are from family members, artists including Cecilia Beaux, Frank Benson, George DeForest Brush, and Denman Ross, museum staff concerned with work in Egypt, and art patrons including Isabella Stewart Gardner, and individuals involved with Smith's charitable pageants. There are scattered letters from Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Henry James, Charles G. Loring, Paul Manship, General John J. Pershing, John Singer Sargent, and Abbott Handerson Thayer. Among the subjects discussed are student life at the Académie Julian, the Smiths' travels, and individuals known by Smith.

Seven diaries written by Joseph Lindon Smith document his ravels in Egypt, Persia, Europe, and New Mexico. Two diaries were written by Corinna Smith during her travels to Beiram and Egypt.

Personal business records business records include contracts, price lists, lists of securities, and miscellaneous receipts of the Smith and Putnam families, Joseph Lindon Smith, Corinna Smith, and their daughter Lois Smith.

Notes include engagement calendars, notebooks, lists of art work, lecture notes, minutes of meetings, notes on family history and on travel, and an autograph by Kit Carson. Writings include miscellaneous typescripts by the Smiths and others concerning travel, work in Egypt and elsewhere, and anecdotes about various friends and acquaintances. There are also three drafts of "Egypt - My Winter Home."

Theatrical production files concern plays, pageants, and masques written and/or produced by the Smiths. Many of the performances were benefits, dedication or anniversary celebrations, such as a pageant given at Fenway Court in honor of Isabella Stewart Gardner, a pageant at the dedication of a memorial to Abbott Handerson Thayer, and the centenary celebration of the founding of Amherst, Massachusetts.

Art work includes a sketchbook with extensive notes, a painting, drawings by Joseph Lindon Smith, and prints by other artists.

A scrapbook contains clippings and an exhibition catalog from the St. Botolph Club. Additional printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, press releases, programs, booklets, brochures, and books by others.

Photographs are of Smith, his family, friends including classmates from the Académie Julian, Isabella Stewart Gardner, Abbott Handerson Thayer, exhibition installations, military camp sites from World War I, travel scenes, and art work by Smith.

Audio recordings consist of four sound disc recordings of interviews for WKNE Radio, Keene, New Hampshire, with Corinna Smith and Barry Faulkner talking about Smith, and a program about Smith and his book Tombs, Temples, and Ancient Art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1711-1948 (Box 1, 10; 5 folders)

Series 2: Letters, 1768-1965 (Box 1-4, OV 11; 3.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Diaries, 1904-1949 (Box 4; 11 folders)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1647-1959 (Box 4, 10; 11 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1783-1963 (Box 4-6; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 6: Theatrical Production Files, 1897-1950 (Box 6-7, 10; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Art Works, 1932-1943 (Box 8, 10; 8 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbook, 1888-1901 (Box 8; 1 folder)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1723-1963 (Box 8, OV 11; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographs, 1884-1956 (Box 8-10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 11: Audio Recordings, 1956 (Box 9-10; 2 folders)

All material is arranged chronologically except for the writings by others and travel photographs that are arranged alphabetically.
Biographical Note:
Joseph Lindon Smith (1863-1950) of Boston, Massachusetts and Dublin, New Hampshire, was a painter primarily known for his ability to meticulously depict the murals and tomb sculpture of Egypt and other ancient cultures.

Joseph Lindon Smith was born on October 11, 1863 in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, the son of wholesale lumberman Henry Francis Smith and Emma Greenleaf Smith, a cousin of John Greenleaf Whittier.

From 1880 to 1882, Smith studied drawing and painting at the Art School of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts under Frederic Crowninshield and Otto Grundman. Accompanied by his friend, Frank Benson, he attended the Académie Julian and studied under William Bouguereau, Gustave Boulanger, and Jules Lefebvre from 1883 to 1885.

Upon his return to Boston, Smith established a studio as a portrait and landscape painter, attracting the attention of Denman Ross, a professor of History of Fine Arts at Harvard University. In the early 1890s Smith and Ross began to travel extensively and Smith became interested in ancient civilizations of Mexico, China, and Southeast Asia. In 1892, during a trip to Italy, Smith befriended Isabella Stewart Gardner, for whom he copied famous paintings, and occasionally acted as agent in purchasing art work.

Making his first trip to Egypt in 1898, Smith became enthralled with the art work of the ancient civilization and devoted himself to painting copies of the tomb sculptures and murals for educational uses in museums and other public institutions. In 1899, he married Corinna Haven Putnam and the couple spent much of their married life traveling between the United States and the Middle East, especially Egypt. From 1910 to 1939, Smith was a member of the Joint Expedition of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and Harvard University directed by Dr. George A. Reisner.

For fifty years, Smith was also sought out as a writer and producer of plays and theatrical pageants, fetes, and masques primarily staged for various charitable fund-raising events.

Joseph Lindon Smith died on October 18, 1950 in Dublin, New Hampshire.
Related Material:
The papers of Smith's wife, Corinna Putnam Smith, are available at The Schlesinger Library of Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Provenance:
The Joseph Lindon Smith papers were donated by Jessie T. Hale, Smith's granddaughter, in 1977 and 1978.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Joseph Lindon Smith papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Historical drama  Search this
Community theater  Search this
Art, Egyptian  Search this
Art, Ancient  Search this
Art, Egypt  Search this
Painters -- New Hampshire -- Dublin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Photographs
Prints
Interviews
Drafts (documents)
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Citation:
Joseph Lindon Smith papers, 1647-1965, bulk 1873-1965. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitjose
See more items in:
Joseph Lindon Smith papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitjose
Additional Online Media:

Henry Ossawa Tanner papers

Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Académie Julian  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Old American Art Club (Paris, France)  Search this
Carpenter, J.S.  Search this
Curtis, Atherton  Search this
Tanner, Jesse O., 1903-  Search this
Tanner, Jessie O., 1873-1925  Search this
Taverty, J.J.  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sketches
Photographs
Date:
1860s-1978
bulk 1890-1937
Summary:
The papers of the expatriate African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner measure 2.3 linear feet and date from the 1860s to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1890 to 1937. Found in the papers are scattered biographical, family, and legal materials; twenty-seven folders of correspondence with family, friends, patrons, and galleries; writings and notes by Tanner and others; a small amount of printed material; numerous photographs of Tanner, his studio in Paris and home in Trepied, Normandy, his family, friends, fellow artists, and his artwork. Additional photographs include a circa 1890 shot of Tanner with fellow students at the Académie Julian and another depicting Tanner with members of the American Art Club in Paris, circa 1900. Also found are a few sketches and drawings.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the expatriate African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner measure 2.3 linear feet and date from the 1860s to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1890 to 1937. Found in the papers are scattered biographical, family, and legal materials; twenty-seven folders of correspondence with family, friends, patrons, and galleries; writings and notes by Tanner and others; a small amount of printed material; numerous photographs of Tanner, his family, friends, his artwork, and the galleries at the Chicago Art Institute; and a few sketches and drawings.

Biographical material contains identification documents, awards, family and personal bibles, scattered records of his membership in the Societe Artistique de Picardie and the American Expeditionary Forces, address books, family history, a file concerning a lawsuit against the Bethel A.M.E. Church, and a few records documenting the sale of his artwork. Tanner's personal and professional correspondence is with his wife Jessie, his family, friends, patrons, art galleries, and others. Letters are from various family members, his closest friend Atherton Curtis and his wife Ingeborg, friend J.S. Carpenter who was president of the Des Moines Association of Fine Arts and arranged for sales of Tanner's work in the mid-west, Grand Central Art Galleries in New York, and J.J. Taverty who purchased Tanner's work for the High Museum in Atlanta. Topics of note covered in the correspondence include the sale and exhibition of his artwork and his work for the Red Cross.

Writings and Notes by Tanner include two small notebooks, one of which he kept during his travels in Europe and Palestine in 1897. Also found are his scattered loose writings, jottings, and other notes on various subjects, including autobiographical notes. Writings by others include notes and an essay by his wife Jessie, and a manuscript, "The Life and Works of Henry O. Tanner," by his son Jesse. Printed Materials document Tanner's career and other interests through exhibition announcements, news clippings, printed reproductions of artwork, a published autobiographical essay, and other miscellaneous items. The collection includes numerous photographs of Tanner, family and friends, his studio in Paris, his home in Trepied and in Spain, travels, and artwork. Additional photographs include a circa 1890 shot of Tanner with students at the Académie Julian and another depicting Tanner with members of the American Art Club in Paris, circa 1900. Artwork consists of an ink drawing of a Paris studio and pencil sketches by Tanner.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1890-1937 (Box 1, 4, OV 5; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1890-1978 (Box 1, OV 5; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1897-circa 1950s (Box 1-2, OV 5; 9 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1897-1975 (Box 2, OV 5; 9 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, 1860s-1943 (Box 3, OV 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork, 1891-1893 (Box 3; 2 folders)
Biographical Note:
African American painter Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859-1937) was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Benjamin Tucker Tanner, a college-educated teacher and minister, and Sarah Miller Tanner, a former slave. Benjamin Tanner was very active in the African Methodist Episcopal (A. M. E.) Church, eventually becoming a bishop, and the family often moved while Henry was a small child. They settled in Philadelphia, and as a teenager, Tanner spent his free time painting, drawing, and visiting art galleries. In 1880 he enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where he studied under several master art instructors, including Thomas Eakins who greatly influenced his early work.

Tanner moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 1888 and opened a photography gallery which was not very successful. After teaching briefly at Clark College, a sponsorship from his patrons Bishop and Mrs. Joseph Crane Hartzell allowed him to travel to Europe in 1891 and study at the Académie Julian in Paris. There he was taught by Jean Joseph Benjamin-Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens. After returning to Philadelphia in late 1892, he painted many works depicting African American subjects, including The Banjo Lesson (1893). He returned to Paris in 1894. There, his work began to receive favorable reviews, particularly at the Paris Solon for his biblical scenes. Tanner began to specialize in painting bible imagery and scenes, and traveled to Palestine in 1897 and 1898 and later to Morocco to study costumes, customs, and cityscapes.

In 1899 Tanner married Jessie Macauley Olssen, a young woman from San Francisco living in Paris. Also around this time reproductions of his artwork were published in a few popular American magazines, and Tanner began to receive praise for his artwork in the United States. Tanner, however, objected to being labeled as "Negro artist". Despite their misgivings, the couple moved back to the United States for a short time. Their son, Jesee Ossawa Tanner was born in 1903. One year later Tanner and his wife returned to Paris and made it their lifelong permanent home, only occasionally visiting the United States for exhibitions of his work. They also maintained a leisure farm in Trepied, Normandy.

Tanner continued to exhibit his work in Paris, develop his painting technique and imagery, and travel, becoming friends with many artists throughout Europe. In 1913 he became president of the Societe Artistique de Picardie and during World War I he worked for the American Red Cross in France. In 1923 he was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in France for his work as an artist. Tanner became affiliated with Grand Central Art Galleries and other dealers in the United States and had great success there during the 1920s. When Jessie Tanner died in 1925 Henry was grief stricken and remained in poor health for the remainder of his life. He continued to paint occasionally until his death in 1937.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the Marcia M. Mathews papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1937-1969, available on microfilm reels 64 and 3268. Archives of American Art microfilm reel 4399 contains the Alexander family papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1912-1985, the originals of which are housed in the University of Pennsylvania Archives. Microfilm reel 4397 is a copy of the the Henry O. Tanner letters to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1885-1909, loaned for microfilming by the Academy.
Provenance:
The Henry Ossawa Tanner papers were donated in several increments by his son, Jesse O. Tanner, between 1967 to 1978. Additional papers were donated by Jesse O. Tanner through Marcia M. Mathews, who was in possession of Tanner's papers to write Tanner's biography. Four medals were transferred to the Archives from the National Museum of African Art.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Henry Ossawa Tanner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
African American painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Photographs
Citation:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978 (bulk 1890-1937). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tannhenr
See more items in:
Henry Ossawa Tanner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tannhenr
Additional Online Media:

Ernest Blumenschein papers, 1873-1964

Creator:
Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard, 1874-1960  Search this
Subject:
Blumenschein, Mary Greene  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry  Search this
Ufer, Walter  Search this
Blumenschein, Helen G. (Helen Greene)  Search this
Tarkington, Booth  Search this
Glackens, William J. (William James)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Meem, John Gaw  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Writings  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Painters  Search this
Taos school of art  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6744
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208869
AAA_collcode_blumerne
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208869
Additional Online Media:

Joseph Lindon Smith papers, 1647-1965, bulk 1873-1965

Creator:
Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950  Search this
Subject:
James, Henry  Search this
Brush, George de Forest  Search this
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph),  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Manship, Paul Howard  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston  Search this
Smith, Corinna Lindon  Search this
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, Sir  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely  Search this
Gardner, Isabella Stewart  Search this
Ross, Denm an Waldo  Search this
Carson, Kit  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Topic:
Sketchbooks  Search this
Art, Ancient  Search this
Prints  Search this
Drafts (documents)  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Historical drama  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Notebooks  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Community theater  Search this
Art, Egyptian  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8473
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210649
AAA_collcode_smitjose
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210649
Additional Online Media:

Edmund C. Tarbell papers, circa 1855-circa 2000, bulk 1885-1938

Creator:
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Subject:
Clay, Mercie Tarbell  Search this
Frick, Henry Clay  Search this
Ferrell, Josephine Tarbell  Search this
Perry, Lilla Cabot  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston  Search this
Jaccaci, Augusto Floriano  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8487
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210663
AAA_collcode_tarbedmu
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210663
Additional Online Media:

Houghton Cranford Smith papers, 1890-1991

Creator:
Smith, Houghton Cranford, 1887-1983  Search this
Subject:
Lhote, André  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer  Search this
Webster, E. Ambrose (Edwin Ambrose)  Search this
Ozenfant, Amédée  Search this
Smith, Laura Gilbert Williams  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Carnegie Institute. Museum of Art  Search this
Butler Institute of American Art  Search this
Passedoit Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Pratt Institute.Art School  Search this
University of Kansas  Search this
Cape Cod School of Art  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Topic:
Color in art  Search this
Art students  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Postcards  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Color guides  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6424
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215521
AAA_collcode_smithoug
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215521
Additional Online Media:

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