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Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
Accession Number Unknown
Collector:
James G. Swan
Unknown:
447cm
50.8cm
Height:
5m
Culture:
Haida
(Not certain)
Tlingit
(Not certain)
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii) (not certain), British Columbia (not certain), Canada (not certain), North America
Collection Date:
1875
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
000000
USNM Number:
E54297-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
From card: "After an extensive survey of the totem poles in the USNM collections, it is probable that this specimen is the pole exhibited opposite totem pole #18925 near the entrance to halls 9 and 11. The specimen was apparently collected by Swan for the Philadelphia Exposition of 1876 and can be noted in photos of the exhibit. Based on the USNM NW Coast collections and current NW Coast literature, the treatment of the specimen resembles southern Tlingit-work. 6/6/68 GP. Earlier opinions have been noted as follows: 1882 accessioned.Haida. 1962 V. Garfield.Tlingit. 1962 M. Barbeau. Haida. 1962 W. Holm. Tlingit. Loaned to Renwick 1/27/82. Returned 1983. Illus.: p.58, pl.15, Celebrations Catalogue, Smithsonian Press, 1982. Totem pole, ca.1850-75. Tlingit Indians; Alaska. Cedar, red and black paint 176 x 20 [inches] (447 x 50.8 [cm]). NMNH 54297; Probably collected by James G. Swan." Catalogued originally in Anthropology catalogue ledger book as Haida, Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C..
From Card: "In 1990 this totem pole is on exhibit in Natural History Museum Exhibit Hall 9/11 with the following label: "Totem Pole, Probably Tlingit, southeast Alaska. The figures represent a man, a bear, and a frog."
As of 2004, totem pole is on exhibit in right side of NMNH IMAX Theater lobby. 2009 exhibit label: "Heraldic pole, Queen Charlotte Islands, Canada. Haida noble's heraldic pole illustrating ancestral history. Top figure wears chief's hat showing family wealth. Collected in 1875 by James Swan and Haida artist Johnny Kit Elswa for 1876 Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia."
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
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Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
Iver Fougner
Height:
512cm
165cm
48cm
122cm
168.9cm
Width:
143cm
151.1cm
61cm
61cm
61cm
Depth:
72cm
56cm
56cm
46cm
61cm
Culture:
Bella Coola (Nuxalk)
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1900-Jul-12
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
036752
USNM Number:
E205851-0
Specimen Count:
5
Notes:
In 1968, George Phebus did a survery of the Department's totem poles, some of which did not have catalogue numbers written on them. At that time, he made his best guess as to which number went to which pole. He assigned catalogue no. E18925 to a Bella Coola pole with bear/owl/squirrel figures. However, the description in the accession records for totem pole #205851 more closely matches this pole, so its number has been changed from 18925 to 205851. Robin Wright has confirmed the Bella Coola attribution of this pole. ET14953 and ET14957 also match the accession record descriptions of other parts of this pole, so they have been changed to # 205851 as well. - Sally McLendon and F. Pickering 11-2-2006.
As of 2006, pole consists of 5 separate sections: bear/owl/squirrel section (which actually consists of two connected pieces); eagle crest top section; head section; torso section; mountain goat? section. See info. in accession record from collector for why this is so. Note from collector/donor Iver Fougner in accession file indicates this is from "the lower Indian Village, Bella Coola, B.C.".
IN 1990 THE LARGEST SECTION OF THIS TOTEM POLE (WHICH CONSISTS OF TWO CONNECTED PIECES) WAS ON EXHIBIT (under incorrect Catalogue No. 18925) IN NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM EXHIBIT HALL 9/11 WITH THE FOLLOWING LABEL: "TOTEM POLE. PROBABLY BELLA COOLA. THE FIGURES REPRESENT (FROM TOP TO BOTTOM) A BEAR, AN OWL, AND A SQUIRREL." As of 2004, this section of totem pole is on exhibit in left side of NMNH Imax Theater lobby. 2009 exhibit label identifies pole as made by Tlingit, Bella Bella, or Bella Coola (though Bella Coola is most probably correct), and identifies crests as, from top: bear, seated owl, beaver.
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Totem Pole

Donor Name:
Western Airlines
Height:
48cm
Depth:
61cm
Width:
544cm
Culture:
Tlingit
: Chilkat
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Haines, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1973-Sep-27
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
307729
USNM Number:
E415864-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
From card: "Carved from single cedar log by Chilkat Indians at the Seattle, Washington Fair in 1970. Includes three figures; top - raven or eagle, center - wolf, and bottom - the bear. Carving goes around three fourths of circumference and is painted in red, black and light blue. Partially hollowed out in back. Carved under the direction of Carl Heinmiller [founder of Alaska Indian Arts, Inc.]." According to the accession history: the totem pole "was commissioned by Western Airlines for the Alaska Exhibit at Seattle, Washington, 1969-1970. Carved by Chilkat Indians at Fort Chilkoot [a.k.a. Port Chilkoot, or Fort William H. Seward], Haines, Alaska, under the direction of Carl Heinmiller, owner of the Fort."
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Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology
Collector:
Herbert W. Krieger
Height:
97cm
Depth:
104cm
Width:
246cm
Culture:
Haida
: Kaigani
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Prince Of Wales Island / Old Kasaan, Alexander Archipelago, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1926-Oct-16
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
091522
USNM Number:
E333921-0
Specimen Count:
5
Notes:
From card: "Old Kasaan, east coast, Prince of Wales Id., s.e. Alaska. Stood in front of "furthest forward house," K!atE-nE (K!at-nes, " front house") owner, Nesteu or Nastao, erected c. 1877. Totems from top down: two cloud-hatted watchers of high rank; head of bearded man, Nenki'lslas "Great One in the Sea"; eagle; killerwhale woman, with labret, tail turns up in front of pole; killerwhale, the face between his ears said to be his fin (informant Fannie Jones called this a shark "k!at, not the killerwhale). Literature: M. Barbeau: "Totem Poles, vol. II, p. 575. A.P. Niblack "The Coast Indians ... Rept. U.S.N.M., 1888. 6/12/68 - Many additional views of this specimen in the field are available in the SOA Archives [National Anthropological Archives]. GP"
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Totem Pole

Donor Name:
Accession Number Unknown
Collector:
James G. Swan
Height:
122cm
9m
Depth:
91cm
Width:
9m
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Prince Of Wales Island / Kasaan, Alexander Archipelago, Alaska, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
000000
USNM Number:
E54298-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
FROM CARD: "54297-54300. 54298 - H. 30 FT. ELEVATOR LOBBY. FLOOR 1. FROM CARD: "AFTER AN EXTENSIVE SURVEY OF THE TOTEM POLES IN THE USNM COLLECTIONS, IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT THIS SPECIMEN IS ONE OF THE TWO SHORTER POLES PRESENTLY ERECTED IN THE OLD ART HALL. THIS SPECIMEN IS, THEN, ESSENTIALLY IN AGREEMENT WITH THE CATALOG BOOK. *THE SPECIMEN WAS PROBABLY COLLECTED FOR THE PHILADELPHIA EXPOSITION OF 1876, ALTHOUGH THIS CANNOT BE VERIFIED TO DATE. THE ORIGINAL (1882) ATTRIBUTION OF HAIDA HAS NOT BEEN CONTESTED TO DATE. 6/6/68 GP. *A SUBSEQUENT EXAMINATION OF PHILADELPHIA EXPOSITION PHOTOS POSSIBLY REVEALS A PORTION OF THE BASE OF THIS SPECIMEN.GP. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN OF THIS TOTEM POLE IN SECTIONS. NEG. NO. MNH 2337; 2338; 2346; 2347; 2349. 11-6-75. LOANED TO 1876 - CENTENNIAL EXHIBIT, A&I.-LEFT POLE. LOAN RETURNED SEP 1990. 1990-THIS POLE ON EXHIBIT IN NHB CONSTITUTION AVE. LOBBY STAIRWELL-LEFT POLE. 1991 - EXHIBIT LABEL IDENTIFIES POLE AS RED CEDAR (THUJA PLICATA), TSIMSHIAN, CARVED AT K'SAN, BRITISH COLUMBIA, COMMISSIONED FOR 1876 PHILADELPHIA EXPOSITION. CARVINGS ARE IDENTIFIED AS (FROM TOP): POSSIBLE WOLF; UNKNOWN; BEAR MOTHER WITH CUB; BEAR MOTHER WITH CUB. AS OF 1994 THIS HAS BEEN RELABELLED AS HAIDA IN EXHIBIT LABEL. Illus. Fig. 4.33, p. 208, and discussed p. 206-208 of Wright, Robin Kathleen. 2001. Northern Haida master carvers. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Wright identifies as "Pole commissioned by James G. Swan through Charles Baronovich for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1876 ... possibly was carved by Dwight Wallace." [Dwight Wallace (gid k'waajuss) of Klinkwan.]
From 2009 exhibit labels: Pole is identified as carved from Western red cedar (Thuja plicata). Haida totem pole, carved at Kasaan, Alaska. This pole was commissioned in 1876 for the Philadelphia Exposition. Crests, from top: Possible wolf, unknown, Bear Mother with cub, Bear Mother with cub. A separate label for the pole tells the story of the Bear Mother, and identifies the lowest crest on the pole again as a crest of Bear Mother holding one of her cubs. It also identifies the pole as carved at Kasaan, Alaska in 1975; commissioned for the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876. "Story of Bear Mother. Bear spirits captured a young girl gathering berries. After turning her into a bear, they forced her to marry one. She gave birth to twin cubs - half human, half bear. The girl's brothers rescued her by killing the bear husband. Before dying, he taught his wife ritual songs. Bear Mother's children and brothers became skilled bear hunters. They and their descendants always sang ritual songs over bears they killed."
This pole appears to be the one on the left in engraving shown on p. 100 and captioned "The Indian Department, in the United States Government Building", in Norton, Frank H., and Frank Leslie. 1877. Frank Leslie's historical register of the United States Centennial Exposition, 1876. Embellished with nearly eight hundred illustrations drawn expressly for this work by the most eminent artists in America. Including illustrations and descriptions of all previous International exhibitions. New York: Frank Leslie's Pub. House. The pole or house post on the right in the same engraving appears to be E54301. The Library of Congress has a copy of this engraving and a thumbnail image is shown on their website here: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005689180/ .
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Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
U.S. Department Of Interior
Culture:
Tlingit
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1910-Jan-27
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
051115
USNM Number:
E260735-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
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Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
U.S. Department Of Interior
Culture:
Tlingit
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1910-Jan-27
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
051115
USNM Number:
E260737-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
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Totem Pole

Donor Name:
Catholic University Of America
Collector:
Rev. John M. Cooper
Culture:
Tlingit
: Stikine
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Southeast, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1956-Jul-06
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
211312
USNM Number:
E395504-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
12 Dec 2014
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Totem Pole

Donor Name:
Catholic University Of America
Collector:
Rev. John M. Cooper
Culture:
Tlingit
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Southeast, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1956-Jul-06
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
211312
USNM Number:
E395505-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
12 Dec 2014
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Totem-Pole 1

Donor Name:
Accession Number Unknown
Collector:
James G. Swan
Height:
36cm
Depth:
61cm
Width:
277cm
Culture:
Haida
(Not certain)
Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw)
(Not certain)
Makah
(Not certain)
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Northwest Coast, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
000000
USNM Number:
E54301-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
FROM CARD: "AFTER AN EXTENSIVE SURVEY OF THE TOTEM POLES IN THE USNM COLLECTIONS, IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT THIS SPECIMEN IS THE INTERIOR HOUSE POLE STORED IN THE E-WING BASEMENT. IT WAS APPARENTLY COLLECTED FOR THE PHILADELPHIA EXPOSITION OF 1876 AND CAN BE NOTED IN PHOTOS OF THAT EXHIBIT. IT WAS ORIGINALLY ACCESSIONED AS A HAIDA SPECIMEN BUT THIS IS PROBABLY AN ERROR. BOAZ, 1895 REPORT ON THE KWAKIUTL, PL. 36, CLEARLY SHOWS A SIMILAR INTERIOR HOUSE POST (DANCE HOUSE) AND THE TREATMENT OF THE SPECIMEN IS CONSISTENT WITH KWAKIUTL WORK. 6/6/68. APPARENTLY IN 1898 IT WAS NOTED THAT THIS SPECIMEN WAS NOT NUMBERED AND PRESUMABLY UNCATALOGED. ACCORDINGLY #178982 WAS ASSIGNED (DUPLICATIVE) WITHOUT DATA."
Identified Nov. 1988 as an interior house post by Susan Rowley, Curator, Arctic & Public Archaeology, Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia.
This pole or house post appears to be the one on the right in engraving shown on p. 100 and captioned "The Indian Department, in the United States Government Building", in Norton, Frank H., and Frank Leslie. 1877. Frank Leslie's historical register of the United States Centennial Exposition, 1876. Embellished with nearly eight hundred illustrations drawn expressly for this work by the most eminent artists in America. Including illustrations and descriptions of all previous International exhibitions. New York: Frank Leslie's Pub. House. The pole on the left in the same engraving is E54298. On p. 106 of the publication, in the section on "Indian Curiosities", the text identifies both "totem posts" in the illustration as belonging to the "Mukah" (i.e. Makah) Indians. E54298 has been definitively identified in the records as Haida, but it is possible that E54301 may be Makah? If it is Makah, it is also possible its catalogue number is E20901, rather than E54301, and it would have come as part of Accession 4730. Swan identifies E20901 as a large Makah carved image. Swan's invoice notation (in accession papers for Acc. 4730) for the cost of the large shipping box used to ship E20901 notes that the box made to ship that artifact, along with 2 paddles, a bird spear, and a cane, was 11 feet long. Note that the Library of Congress has a copy of this engraving and a thumbnail image is shown on their website here: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005689180/ .
This interior house post is similar in style to the ones depicted in a drawing/watercolor done by James G. Swan of a Makah house interior titled "Colchote's Lodge. Neah Bay", dating to March 20, 1861. This drawing is illustrated on p. 81 of Miles, George A., James Gilchrist Swan, Franz Stenzel, and Kathryn M. Stenzel. 2003. James Swan, cha-tic of the Northwest Coast: drawings and watercolors from the Franz & Kathryn Stenzel collection of western American art. New Haven, Conn: Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University. The drawing and interior house posts are also discussed on pp. 23-24 of this publication, which notes that the one on the left in the drawing was shaped by a Ditidaht/Nitinaht artist from Vancouver Island.
Aaron Glass, Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Bard Graduate Center, 2012, doubts the Haida or Kwakiutl attributions that had been applied to this object. Robin Wright, Curator of Native American Art, Burke Museum, 2013, also does not think this is Haida or Kwakiutl: "Based on it's style alone, it would either be Nuu-chah-nulth [Nootka] or Makah. The face has a long sloping under brow plane and the eye is flat on the cheek plane, which are characteristics shared by the Makah and Nuu-chah-nulth. So, [definitely] not Kwakwaka'wakw [Kwakiutl] or Haida. If Swan collected it, then Makah would be a likely source, although they in turn may have received it from a Nuu-chah-nulth carver."
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Totem Pole

Donor Name:
Victor J. Evans
Height:
147cm
Width:
5.5cm
Culture:
Tlingit
(Not certain)
Haida
: Kaigani
(Not certain)
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Canada (not certain) / United States (not certain), North America
Accession Date:
1931-Mar-20
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
113605
USNM Number:
E361695-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
FROM CARD: "SECTION OF TREE TRUNK, HOLLOWED OUT IN THE BACK, WITH 3 CONTRASTING SURFACES, THE NATURAL, WITH BLACK AND MEDIUM RED USED TO ACCENTUATE PARTS OF THE FIGURES. THIS POLE HAS BEEN REPRODUCED BY ALVA STUDIOS, NEW YORK, FOR SALE. LENT TO THE MUSEO NACIONAL DE ANTROPOLOGIA, MAY 18, 1964." Loan returned 2012.
Information from Robin K. Wright, Burke Museum, 4-12-2012: I believe the model pole is Kaigani Haida, and am thinking it might have been carved by Dwight Wallace (or possibly John Wallace). I think it's a model based on one of corner posts of Duncan Ginaawaan's house in Klinkwan, AK, pictured in my book Northern Haida Master Carvers. It has a bear instead of the humanoid bear holding what I think is the woman in the moon, but the other bear figures and squared ears, and especially portrait-like woman below are very similar. John Wallace later copied this pole full sized for the Hydaburg Totem Park as part of the CCC project.
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Totem-Pole Full Size

Donor Name:
Dr. George A. Dorsey
Collector:
Charles F. Newcombe
Length:
13m
Width:
1m
Height:
1m
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Tanu, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii) / Louise Island, British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1904-May-07
Collection Date:
1904
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
042671
USNM Number:
E233398-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
From card: "This is one of the two larger poles, acquired for the La. Purch. Expos. exhibit of the Smithsonian. It was purchased from Joe Hans who had it erected about 1885 as a memorial to his deceased uncle, whose name and totemic emblems he was assuming. It was put up on a site called: "nadogids" (the house to which people are always glad to go). The explanation of the carved figures is as follows, from bottom to top: 1. Beaver, was the original crest of Hans (tseng), 2. Whale (kun), 3. Sea Grizzly Bear (Chagan huaji), 3 Cormorant (kialo) with a face carved on its tail which is merely ornamental, 5. Two "totem-pole" men, with a ceremonial hat between them, on which stands: 6. Eagle (got) (at the top). The Eagle, Cormorant, and the whale are the crests which he took over from his uncle. Carved by natives from the giant cedar Thuja plicata."
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Totem-Pole Full Size

Donor Name:
Dr. George A. Dorsey
Collector:
Charles F. Newcombe
Height:
91cm
Depth:
122cm
Width:
10m
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Totem Pole
Place:
Tanu, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii) / Louise Island, British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1904-May-07
Collection Date:
1904
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
042671
USNM Number:
E233399-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
FROM CARD:"THIS IS ONE OF THE TWO LARGER POLES ACQUIRED FOR THE EXPOSITION EXHIBIT OF THE SMITHSONIAN. IT WAS PURCHASED FROM GEORGE GREEN THE OWNER IN 1904. SOME UNPUBLISHED MS. NOTES OF JUDGE J. G. SWAN ON HIS EXPEDITION FOR THE SMITHSONIAN IN 1883 APPEAR TO INDICATE THAT THIS POLE WAS ERECTED BETWEEN 1875-1880. THE EXPLANATION OF THE FIGURES IS AS FOLLOWS: FROM BOTTOM TO TOP: 1. KILLER WHALE (SKANA) THE CREST OF THE OWNER, THE EARS ARE REPRESENTED BY HORSESHOE-SHAPED PARTS WITH THE FACE OF A TOAD IN EACH, AND THIS LATTER IS THE CREST OF THE WIFE (HERE SUPOSEDLY USED ONLY DECORATIVELY), 2. WOMAN'S FACE, LOOKING OUT FROM IN-BETWEEN THE FORKED TAIL FLIPPERS OF THE KILLER WHALE, AND HOLDING THE "WRIST" OR TAIL BETWEEN HER HANDS, 3. HUMAN FACE WITH THE EYES DROPPING OUT OF THE HEAD, THE OWNER'S CHINOOK JARGON EXPLANATION OF THIS WAS: TAHT LONG AGO, TO THE EAST ON AN ISLAND CALLED "QAL" (BONILLA I, CLOSE TO THE BANKS I, IN TSIMSHIAN TERRITORY) LIVED AN OLD CHIEF, WHOSE EYES DROOPED OUT OF THEIR SOCKETS AND HAD TO BE HELD BY FRIENDS WHEN HE WAS EATING HIS MEAL, MOSTLY OF HAIRSEAL, TAKEN WHOLE BECAUSE HE HAD NO TEETH, SO BONES WERE BLOWN OUT AFTERWARD. DORSEY SAID THIS WAS, PROBABLY, AN OLD TSIMSHIAN LEGEND REFERRING TO A SEA ANEMONE, 5. MAN'S FACE BETWEEN THE WINGS OF THE EAGLE, WITH FOUR CROWNED HAT ON HIS HEAD, 6. EAGLE, WITH A BEAK, WHICH IS THE CREST OF THE WIFE OF THE OWNER, & 7. THREE WATCHERS OR TOTEM POLE MEN, WITH THREE-CROWNED HATS ON EACH. 6/4/68 A FIELD PHOTO OF THIS POLE AT 'TANU' IS AVAILABLE IN SOA ARCHIVES [NATIONAL ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHIVES] (HAIDA FOLDER - ORIG.) GP. 11-6-75 LOANED TO 1876 (CENTENNIAL EXHIBIT), A & i - RIGHT POLE. LOAN RETURNED SEP 1990. POLE MADE OF WESTERN RED CEDAR, THUJA PLICATA. NEW NEG. NOS. (SECTIONS); MNH 2348; 2350; 2354. 1990 - THIS POLE IS ON EXHIBIT IN NHB CONSTITUTION AVE. LOBBY STAIRWELL - RIGHT POLE. 1991 EXHIBIT LABEL IDENTIFIES POLE CARVINGS AS (FROM TOP): THREE TOTEM POLE WATCHMEN; EAGLE; SEA CHIEF/SEA ANEMONE; WOMAN HOLDING WHALE'S TAIL; KILLER WHALE, WITH FROGS." 2008, an additional exhibit label identifies the Eagle crest as belonging to the pole's owner; Sea Chief crest as belonging to to the wife's family, and the Killer Whale crest as belonging to the owner of the pole.
From 2009 exhibit labels: Pole identified as carved from Western red cedar (Thuja plicata). Haida Totem Pole collected in 1904, Tanu, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. Crests, from top: Three Totem Pole Watchmen, Eagle, Sea Chief/Sea Anemone, Woman Holding Whale's Tail, Killer Whale, with Frogs. Exhibit label includes a copy of a 1901 photograph that shows "this pole on the far left, where it stood in front of Property House in the abandoned village of Tanu." Source of photograph is uncredited in the exhibit label. A separate label for the pole tells the Story of Sea Chief. It also says: This story and the other crests on the pole belonged to a particular Haida family. Crests, from top: The eagle crest belonged to the wife of the totem pole's owner. The Sea Chief crest belonged to the wife's family. (Look for the eyes hanging out of their sockets.) The killer whale crest belonged to the owner of the totem pole. "Story of Sea Chief. A long time ago, deep in the ocean, lived a great Sea Chief. At night the Chief's eyes dropped from their sockets and hung down to his waist. Friends held the eyes in their sockets so he could eat. The Chief's favorite food was hair seal. Because he had no teeth, he swallowed the seals whole and blew the bones out."
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Totem-Pole Model

Donor Name:
James G. Swan
Collector:
James G. Swan
Culture:
Bella Bella (Heiltsuk)
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1885-Feb-02
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015690
USNM Number:
E74747-0
Specimen Count:
3
Notes:
From card: "Base - A, body - B, cap - C."
From collector's label attached to artifact: "#70 [#]5 Totem pole. Bella Bella B.C. J.G. Swan, Pt. Townsend, W.T. Dec 1 1884."
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Slate Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology
Miss Lesley Jackson
Collector:
Rev. Sheldon Jackson
Culture:
Northwest Coast Indian
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Southeast, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1921-Jul-16
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
066880
USNM Number:
E316927-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
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Model Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
Mrs. Joseph Stanley-Brown
Collector:
Joseph Stanley-Brown
Culture:
Northwest Coast Indian
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Northwest Coast, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1944-Jul-15
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
168051
USNM Number:
E383391-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
11 Dec 2014
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Totem-Pole Model

Donor Name:
James G. Swan
Collector:
James G. Swan
Culture:
Bella Bella (Heiltsuk)
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1885-Feb-02
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015690
USNM Number:
E74744-0
Specimen Count:
2
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Totem Pole Model

Donor Name:
No Information
Length:
188cm
Width:
15cm
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Accession Date:
1991
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
999999
USNM Number:
ET24468-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
ROBIN WRIGHT, BURKE MUSEUM, FEELS THIS HOUSE FRONTAL POLE MODEL MAY RELATE TO HOUSE MODEL ET14554.
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Totem-Pole Model

Donor Name:
James G. Swan
Collector:
James G. Swan
Culture:
Haida
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
1885-Feb-02
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015690
USNM Number:
E74748-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Wooden Totem-Pole

Donor Name:
William Lilly
Culture:
Northwest Coast Indian
Object Type:
Totem Pole Model
Place:
Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1921-Dec-08
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
067593
USNM Number:
E317426-0
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
1 Dec 2014
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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