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Shakespeare's King Lear, final proof

Referenced:
Shakespeare, William
Original artist:
West, Benjamin
Publisher:
Boydell, John
Boydell, Josiah
Maker:
Sharp, William
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 44.2 cm x 59.3 cm; 17 3/8 in x 23 3/8 in
plate: 50.3 cm x 59.3 cm; 19 13/16 in x 23 3/8 in
sheet: 51.8 cm x 65 cm; 20 3/8 in x 25 9/16 in
Object Name:
print
Date made:
1793
Subject:
Art
Popular Entertainment
Theater
Credit Line:
Leonard Hastings Schoff bequest
ID Number:
1979.0114.166
Accession number:
1979.0114
Catalog number:
1979.0114.166
79.0114.166
Description:
Shakespeare's plays have engaged audiences for centuries, and his theatrical subject matter has influenced the visual arts as well. In the 1790s, London publishers John and Josiah Boydell opened the "Shakspeare Gallery" filled with paintings they commissioned to depict scenes from the plays. One hundred of these images were engraved as large prints and proved to be so popular that several editions were published, including an American edition in the 1840s.
King Lear, showing Lear in the storm from Act III, Scene IV, was engraved in 1793 by William Sharp (1749–1824) after the painting by Benjamin West (1738–1820). This dramatic scene was considered a powerful moral lesson representing energy of thought and action. The painting came to the United States in 1807, part of the collection of engineer Robert Fulton (1765–1815). It was exhibited in Philadelphia, Boston, and New York and is now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Many collectors considered Sharp's engraving of King Lear the finest of the prints in Boydells' Shakspeare Gallery series. Vermont Congressman George Perkins Marsh and President Thomas Jefferson owned prints from the Shakspeare Gallery. This impression from the original English edition came to the Museum in 1979 as a bequest from the family of American artist Stephen Alonzo Schoff (1818–1904), a bank-note engraver who also produced prints in larger formats. Schoff studied art in Europe between 1839 and 1841, and he acquired a significant collection of European and American prints to serve as his working visual library. He owned a preliminary etched proof prepared in an acid bath and this final state of the print finished by hand with the burin, an engraver's cutting tool.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Culture and the Arts: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Stealing Shakespeare: Sneak Peek

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-03-01T16:36:22.000Z
Youtube Category:
Entertainment
Video Title:
Stealing Shakespeare: Sneak Peek
Description:
The comedy of errors behind the theft of English literary history's most important printed work.
Views:
364
Video Duration:
1 min 21 sec
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smithsonianchannel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
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Fame Adoring Shakespeare's Tomb

After:
Angelika Kaufmann, Swiss, 1741 - 1807
Medium:
Medium: silk embroidery on silk foundation, some painted details Technique: embroidered in satin, stem, speckling, knot, and detached chain stitches on plain weave foundation
Type:
embroidery & stitching
Embroidered picture
Object Name:
Embroidered picture
Made in:
England
Date:
ca. 1800
Credit Line:
Gift of Anonymous Donor from the Fraser/Martin Collection
Accession Number:
1974-100-12
Catalogue Status:
Research in Progress
Description:
Oval embroidered silk picture showing a classically draped female figure with wings on her head, strewing flowers on the tomb of Shakespeare. After "Fame Adoring Shakespeare's Tomb," by Angelica Kaufmann. In a landscape with a grassy foreground, architectural element behind the tomb, trees overhead and sky with white clouds. Embroidered in colored silks except for the sky, wings, head, arms and feet, which are painted.
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Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
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Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
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William Shakespeare [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Artist:
Aitken, Robert 1878-1949
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Subject:
Shakespeare, William
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust
Ethnic
Occupation--Writer--Poet
Image number:
SSC S0000069
Notes:
On photo mount label: R. I. Aitken. Portrait bust of William Shakespeare. Owned by sculptor. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification Number: 282/A. Accession: 24659.
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Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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William Shakespeare [sculpture] / (photographed by Joseph Hawkes)

Artist:
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910
Photographer:
Hawkes, Joseph
Subject:
Shakespeare, William
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1870. Cast 1871. Dedicated May 23, 1872
Topic:
Portrait male--Full length
Occupation--Writer--Dramatist
Occupation--Writer--Poet
Ethnic
Object--Written Matter--Book
Image number:
SSC S0002387
Notes:
On photo mount label: J.Q.A. Ward. Portrait statue of William Shakespeare (1564-1616). New York, Central Park. Mall. 1872, bronze. Costume, English. 16th cen. end-17th cen. early. Photographer: J. Hawkes. Classification number: 282/W259/656. Accession: 46495.
Sharp, Lewis I., "John Quincy Adams Ward, Dean of American Sculpture," Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1985, no. 50.
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Shakespeare Memorial [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Artist:
Calder, Alexander Stirling 1870-1945
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Touchstone
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Drama
Image number:
SSC S0000357
Notes:
On photo mount label: S. Calder. "Tragedy & Comedy" Shakespeare Memorial. Philadelphia, Pa. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification Number: 282. Accession: 24676.
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Shakespeare Memorial [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Artist:
Calder, Alexander Stirling 1870-1945
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Touchstone
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Drama
Image number:
SSC S0000358
Notes:
On photo mount label: A. S. Calder. Shakespeare Memorial: Tragedy and Comedy, represented by Hamlet and Touchstone. Philadelphia, Logan Circle. 1928, bronze. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification Number: 282/C146/450. Accession: 160093. Lantern Slide: E87820.
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Model for Shakespeare Memorial (reduced replica) [sculpture] / (photographer unknown)

Artist:
Calder, Alexander Stirling 1870-1945
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Touchstone
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Drama
Image number:
SSC S0000360
Notes:
On photo mount label: A. S. Calder. Tragedy and Comedy, represented by Hamlet and Touchstone. Brookgreen, S. C., Brookgreen Gardens, 1928, bronze. (reduced replica of the group on the Shakespeare Memorial, Logan Circle, Philadelphia. Gift of Mr. Archer M. Huntington. Classification Number: 282/C146/410. Accession: 160926.
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Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Scenes from Shakespeare: Macbeth [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Macbeth (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Macbeth
Literature--Character--Macbeth
Literature--Character--Witch
Occupation--Occult--Witch
Object--Other--Container
Image number:
SSC S0001166
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Macbeth. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 160142. Lantern slide: E88636.
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Scenes from Shakespeare: Macbeth [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Macbeth (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Macbeth
Literature--Character--Macbeth
Literature--Character--Witch
Occupation--Occult--Witch
Object--Other--Container
Image number:
SSC S0001167
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Macbeth. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282. Accession: 24722.
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Scenes from Shakespeare: Hamlet [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Hamlet (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Figure group--Family
Image number:
SSC S0001174
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Hamlet. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 160139. Lantern slide: E87775.
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Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Scenes from Shakespeare: Hamlet [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Hamlet (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Figure group--Family
Image number:
SSC S0001175
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Hamlet. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282. Accession: 24727.
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Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Model for Shakespeare Memorial [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Artist:
Calder, Alexander Stirling 1870-1945
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Hamlet
Literature--Character--Touchstone
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Drama
Image number:
SSC S0000359
Notes:
On photo mount label: A. S. Calder. Shakespeare Memorial, detail, Tragedy and Comedy, represented by Hamlet and Touchstone. Model for the Shakespeare Memorial, located in Logan Circle, Phila. 1928, bronze. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification Number: 282/C146/451. Accession: 160094. Lantern Slide: E87821.
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Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Scenes from Shakespeare: Henry IV [sculpture] / (photographed by A. B. Bogart)

Henry IV (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Bogart, A. B.
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Henry IV
Literature--Character--Falstaff
Literature--Character--Prince Hal
Literature--Character--Bardolph
Image number:
SSC S0001173
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Relief: Falstaff. Washington, D.C., The Folger Shakespeare Library. a panel. Photographer: Bogart studio. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 166771.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Model for William Shakespeare (detail) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Artist:
Aitken, Robert 1878-1949
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Subject:
Shakespeare, William
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust
Ethnic
Occupation--Writer--Poet
Image number:
SSC S0000068
Notes:
On photo mount label: R. I. Aitken. Head of Shakespeare. New York, Collection of Robert I. Aitken. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification Number: 282/A. Accession: 160073. Lantern slide: E87802.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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W. Shakespeare's Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, in block prints by D.N.S.

Creator:
Stewart, Dorothy N. (Dorothy Newkirk), 1891-1955
Subject:
Shakespeare, William
Physical description:
Book : 34 p. : ill. ; 19 x 37 cm.
Type:
Printed/Published Materials
Date:
1949
Topic:
Illustrated books
Relief prints
Theater
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14632
Summary:
Title from cover.
Inserted inside front cover are a promotional card for the book (16 x 7 cm.) and a newspaper clipping (7 x 17 cm.).
The card reads: Opening; a book by W. Shakespeare, abbreviated in block prints by D.N.S.; color registration, Eleanor Jones; consultant, Agnes C. Sims; material help, Gustave Baumann and The King's Press; Saturday May first, 5-7 P.M., music at 6; Galeria Mexico, 551 Cañon Road.
The newspaper clipping is from the astrology page of the Santa Fe New Mexican, and has the reading for Aries circled in pink pencil.
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Dorothy Stewart papers, 1925-1955
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Scenes from Shakespeare: The Merchant of Venice [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Merchant of Venice (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Merchant of Venice
Literature--Character--Portia
Literature--Character--Shylock
Literature--Character--Antonio
Literature--Character--Bassanio
Object--Written Matter--Scroll
Object--Written Matter--Book
Object--Other--Globe
Object--Weapon--Knife
Image number:
SSC S0001168
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Merchant of Venice. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 160138. Lantern slide: E87774.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Scenes from Shakespeare: King Lear [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

King Lear (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--King Lear
Literature--Character--King Lear
Literature--Character--Earl of Kent
Performing Arts--Circus--Clown
Image number:
SSC S0001163
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: King Lear. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 24723.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Scenes from Shakespeare: King Lear [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

King Lear (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--King Lear
Literature--Character--King Lear
Performing Arts--Circus--Clown
Image number:
SSC S0001162
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: King Lear. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282/G. Accession: 160141. Lantern slide: E87777.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Scenes from Shakespeare: A Midsummer Night's Dream [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Midsummer Night's Dream (relief panel) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Artist:
Gregory, John 1879-1958
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1932
Topic:
Literature--Shakespeare--Midsummer Night's Dream
Literature--Character--Titania
Literature--Character--Bottom
Landscape--Tree
Image number:
SSC S0001170
Notes:
On photo mount label: J. Gregory. Panel: Midsummer night's dream. Washington, D.C., Folger Shakespeare Library. Photographer: De Witt Ward. Classification number: 282. Accession: 24725.
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Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
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Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
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