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1864 Civil War Album Quilt Top

Maker:
unknown
Physical Description:
fabric, cotton (overall material)
thread, cotton (overall material)
pieced, inscribed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 90 in x 60 in; 229 cm x 152 cm
Object Name:
quilt
quilt top
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Amherst
Date made:
1864
Subject:
Quilts
Civil War
Quilting
Textiles
Domestic Furnishings
ID Number:
TE*T14021.00B
Accession number:
272176
Catalog number:
T14021B
Description:
Three hundred eighty-four 3 ¾-inch squares of printed and plain white cottons were used to create this quilt top. The plain white squares were all inscribed in ink by many different hands. Several squares are dated “1864” and some state a place, “Amherst.” Most squares contain religious messages, but some secular inscriptions are evident: “Three cheers for the Red, white & blue 1864” and “God save Gen. Grant and his brave men.”
The pieced top was used to cover an older wool quilt (TE*T14021.00A) and the finished product was sent to a Union army hospital during the Civil War.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Home and Community Life: Textiles
Quilts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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1863 Susannah Pullen's Civil War Quilt

Quilter:
Pullen, Mrs. Gilbert
Quilters:
unknown
Physical Description:
fabric, cotton (overall material)
thread, cotton (overall material)
filling, cotton (overall material)
pieced; lined, quilted (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 84 in x 50 in; 213 cm x 126 cm
Object Name:
quilt
Object Type:
quilts
Place made:
United States: Maine, Augusta
Date made:
1863
Subject:
Quilting
Textiles
Civil War
Patriotic
Maine
Government, Politics, and Reform
Military
Quilts
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Charlotte Pullen Scruton
ID Number:
TE*T07726
Accession number:
138338
Catalog number:
T07726
Description:
Mrs. Gilbert (Susannah G.) Pullen and her Sunday school class made this pieced quilt in Augusta, Maine in 1863. She followed the guidelines set by the U.S. Sanitary Commission for bedding to be used in the Civil War. The fourteen young ladies in the Sunday school class contributed over 150 inscriptions that were penned on the quilt's fifteen separate star-patterned blocks. They chose Bible passages, stories to uplift and guide, and riddles to which the answer was only to be found in the Bible. They also provided numerous inscriptions on practical health advice, patriotic messages, and light-hearted riddles. Even personal messages such as: "If you are good looking send me your photograph. Direct to the name in the large square. E.G.D." appeared on the quilt. It was hoped that the quilt would not only provide a diversion for the wounded soldiers during their long days recovering in hospital but also "alleviate or prevent disease and lead to happiness and Heaven." The numerous inscriptions on this quilt provide an insight into the feelings and concerns of the period and perhaps all war eras.
Susannah Pullen expressed hope for correspondence when she penned these words on the quilt: "We have many dear friends connected with the army & any proper letters from any persons embraced in the defense of our country, received by any whose names are on this quilt shall have a reply. Tell us if nothing more its destination. We meet with many others to sew for you every Wednesday and your letters would prompt us to more exertions for our patriots." Two letters remain with the quilt and attest to its use at the Carver and Armory Square Hospitals in Washington D.C. A letter from Sergt. Nelson S. Fales of Nov. 22, 1863 eloquently expresses his gratitude: "Dear Madam I have had the pleasure of seeing the beautiful 'Quilt' sent by you to cheer and comfort the Maine Soldiers. I have read the mottoes, sentiments, etc., inscribed thereon with much pleasure and profit."
On the back of the quilt Susannah Pullen penned these words: “The commencement of this war took place Apr. 12th 1861. The first gun was fired from Fort Sumter. God speed the time when we can tell when, and where, the last gun was fired; & ‘we shall learn war no more.’ If this quilt survives the war we would like to have it returned to Mrs. Gilbert Pullen, Augusta, Me . . . This quilt completed Sept. 1st 1863.” It did survive use during the Civil War, and it was returned to Mrs. Pullen as she requested.
Susannah G. Corey was born in Brookline, Massachusetts in 1816. She married Gilbert Pullen (1810-1890) April 26, 1840. Gilbert was listed as a marble cutter on the 1850 census. They lived in Augusta, Maine with their two daughters, Susan E. and Charlotte. Susannah and Gilbert were members of the First Baptist Church. Susannah died November 26, 1871, and is buried in the Forest Grove Cemetery in Augusta, Maine.
Susannah Pullen's Civil War Quilt was exhibited at a library in Augusta, Maine, for many years. Over time the inscriptions faded, but fortunately a transcription of them was made in the early-twentieth century. In 1936 Susannah’s granddaughter, Gertrude B. Davis, donated the quilt in her mother’s name, Charlotte Pullen Scruton. It is a reminder of the efforts of the many women who used their needlework and organizational skills to provide comfort for the armies of both the North and South.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Home and Community Life: Textiles
Quilts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Personal and public: Civil War portraits

Creator:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-09-25T17:33:26.000Z
Topic:
American History
Youtube Category:
Education
Video Title:
Personal and public: Civil War portraits
Description:
While the photographs of battlefields are absolutely compelling, Shannon Perich, curator of Photographic History, is really interested in the ways in which personal relationships with photography during a national crisis help us understand the nuances of past individual experiences. By drilling down to the personal, the complexities of the political, social and cultural life are revealed and create a richer history. This video was created by Matt Lemanski, in partnership with the American University School of Communication. Learn more on our blog: http://blog.americanhistory.si.edu/osaycanyousee/2011/10/civil-war-portraits-where-personal-and-public-meet-video.html
Views:
2,220
Video Duration:
5 min 2 sec
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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U.S. Civil War Colored Troops Medal

Commissioner:
Butler, Benjamin Franklin
Maker:
Tiffany & Co.
Physical Description:
cotton (overall material)
siver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 53 cm x 3.8 cm; 20 7/8 in x 1 1/2 in
Object Name:
medal
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Military
Cultures & Communities
Event:
Civil War
Battle of Fort Harrison
Battle of Fort Gilmer
ID Number:
1985.0612.01
Catalog number:
1985.0612.01
Accession number:
1985.0612
Description:
During the American Civil War, Gen. Benjamin F. Butler so appreciated the heroic actions of African American soldiers under his command at the 1864 battles of Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer that he commissioned a special medal for them. Designed by Anthony C. Paquet and realized in silver by Tiffany, the U.S. Colored Troops medal had no official status. After General Butler was relieved of his command in 1865, the 300 U.S. Colored Troops who had received the medals were forbidden to wear them on their uniforms.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Model 1864 Burnside Carbine

Patentee:
Burnside, Ambrose E.
Maker:
Burnside Rifle Company
Measurements:
overall, carbine: 39 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 100.33 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
carbine
carbine, percussion
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1863
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*209405
Catalog number:
209405
Accession number:
37586
Serial number:
17107
Description (Brief):
This .54 caliber breech-loading carbine was designed in the 1850s by Ambrose E. Burnside who became a Major General in the Civil War. It fired cartridges with copper or foil casings. The Union purchased over 55,000 of them for use by cavalry.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Starr Carbine

Patentee:
Starr, E. T.
Maker:
Starr Arms Company
Measurements:
overall, carbine: 37 3/4 in x 2 1/8 in; 95.885 cm x 5.3975 cm
Object Name:
carbine
carbine, percussion
Place made:
United States: New York, Yonkers
Subject:
Firearms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*248842
Catalog number:
248842
Accession number:
48783
Serial number:
00061
Description (Brief):
The .54 caliber Starr carbine was designed by Ebenezer Starr, the son of gunmaker Nathan Starr, Jr. Its action was very similar to the Sharps carbine, using the trigger guard/lever to drop the breech block for loading. However, it did not perform as well as the Sharps in the field. Starr also produced a .52 caliber rimfire model, but they were not delivered until March and April of 1865.
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Frock Coat, Model 1861

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
gray (overall color)
brass (buttons material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 40 in x 16 in; 101.6 cm x 40.64 cm
overall (padded): 39 in x 18 in x 3 in; 99.06 cm x 45.72 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
coat
Associated place:
United States: Virginia
Associated dates:
1861-1865
Subject:
Civil War Uniforms
Military Uniforms
Military
Civil War
ID Number:
1983.0860.01
Catalog number:
1983.0860.01
Accession number:
1983.0860
Description:
This Confederate Army frock coat would have been worn during the American Civil War. It is a single breasted gray wool frock coat with eight brass State of Virginia buttons down the front. The buttons depict the Virginia state motto of "Sic Semper Tyrannis" around an image of Virtus standing over a defeated Tyranny. The bottom button on the chest is missing, and two buttons are missing on the back waist. There are two locations with missing buttons on the back of the skirt. There are three smaller brass buttons on the right cuff and two on the left cuff. The top button is missing on the left cuff. There are cloth belt loops on each side just above the waist and secured with a small button on the upper end of the loop. There is single breast pocket in the left inside of the coat. The coat is fully lined with padded wool. Sleeves are lined with a polka-dotted fabric. The same fabric is used to make a fabric loop on the inside collar.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Surgeon’s Vest

Physical Description:
dark blue (overall color)
wool (overall material)
gold braid (braid material)
brass (buttons material)
Measurements:
overall: 19 in x 14 in; 48.26 cm x 35.56 cm
overall (padded): 19 in x 12 in x 3 in; 48.26 cm x 30.48 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
vest
Associated date:
1861-1865
Subject:
Military Uniforms
Civil War Uniforms
Military
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*2142B
Catalog number:
2142B
Accession number:
18342
Description (Brief):
This vest was worn by a Confederate Army surgeon during the American Civil War. Single-breasted dark blue wool vest, which originally had eight brass eagle buttons. Four buttons starting with the second-most from the top down are currently missing. There are two horizontal slash pockets on the left side of the vest, and one on the right. The top left side pocket and the right side pocket are lined with 1/8" gold braid. Tied to the top button is a length of the gold braid. The back of the vest is made of brown cotton. There is an two piece adjustable strap at the back waist with a metal buckle. The two sides of the strap are tied together in a knot next to the buckle. The inside of the vest is fully lined with off-white cotton and is padded in the front. On the left side of the front chest is handwritten in brown and blue ink, "Dr. I.E. Nagle Surgeon, C.S.A."
Location:
Currently not on view
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Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Frock Coat

Wearer:
Gibson, Francis B.
Physical Description:
brown (overall color)
wool (overall material)
brass (buttons material)
Measurements:
overall: 46 in x 16 in; 116.84 cm x 40.64 cm
overall (padded): 44 in x 17 in x 5 in; 111.76 cm x 43.18 cm x 12.7 cm
Object Name:
coat
Associated date:
1861-1865
Subject:
Military Uniforms
Civil War Uniforms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*77555M
Catalog number:
77555M
310956.01
Accession number:
310956
Description:
This frock coat was worn by Confederate Army infantryman Frank B. Gibson while a member of Company D of the 26th Infantry of South Carolina. Single-breasted coarse brown wool "butternut" coat which formerly had six brass infantry "I" buttons. The top button and two bottom buttons are currently missing. There are two small brass buttons on the near the sides of the collar which depict a pinwheel design. There is a large pocket with a flap on each side of the coat. There is one breast pocket in the left inside of the coat. The coat is fully lined with the same brown wool. The chest lining is wool and is padded.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Major General Samuel Jones' Frock Coat, Model 1861

User; associated person:
Jones, Samuel
Physical Description:
grey (overall color)
wool (overall material)
gold lace (trim material)
gold (buttons material)
buff (facings color)
Measurements:
overall: 40 in x 16 1/2 in; 101.6 cm x 41.91 cm
overall (padded): 38 in x 17 in x 4 in; 96.52 cm x 43.18 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
coat
Associated date:
1861-1865
Subject:
Civil War Uniforms
Military Uniforms
Military
Civil War
Civil War
Confederacy
ID Number:
AF*18871
Catalog number:
18871
Accession number:
62349
Description:
This frock coat was worn by Confederate Army Major General Samuel Jones during the American Civil War. Conforms to the Model 1861 pattern as listed in the Uniforms and Dress of the Army of the Confederate States except for the lack of full facings at the cuffs and collar. Double breasted gray wool frock coat with two rows of nine large gilt general service eagle buttons grouped in threes down the front, two at the back waist, and three small buttons on each cuff. There is a single button at the top folds of each skirt tail. Both sides of the breast on the coat have button holes. There is a hook and eye closure at the collar. Above the cuff is a row of four elaborate 1/8" gold lace braids woven into an arabesque. The gold braid also lines the cuffs. The collar, both edges of the front of the coat, the edge of the top coattail, and an inverted "V" on the cuffs are trimmed with buff wool cording. On each side of the front of the collar is a wreat, with three stars enclosed and embroidered in gold with gold sequins. The center star on each side of the collar ornamentation is larger than the others. There is a left breast pocket. There are deep pockets in each coattail. The entire jacket is lined with black fabric. The lining of the sleeves is salmon-colored cotton twill. There is a loop of fabric at the inside back collar.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Captain Woodbury Wheeler's Frock Coat, Model 1861

Physical Description:
wool (overall material)
gray (overall color)
red (trim color)
gold braid (trim material)
gold (buttons material)
Measurements:
overall: 34 in x 16 in; 86.36 cm x 40.64 cm
overall (padded): 33 in x 17 in x 4 in; 83.82 cm x 43.18 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
coat
frock coat
Associated date:
1861-1862
Subject:
Military Uniforms
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*35675(4)
Catalog number:
35675(4)
Accession number:
99695
Description:
This frock coat belonged to Confederate Army Captain Woodbury Wheeler of the 10th Battalion of the North Carolina Artillery. Double breasted gray wool frock coat with two rows of seven large gilt artillery "A" buttons down the front, two at the back waist, and two small buttons on each cuff. The reverse of the buttons are marked: "Superior Quality" except for one which says: "Riveted and Soldered" with the image of a unicorn and a lion. Both the inner and outer breasts of the front of the coat have button holes. There is a hook and eye closure at the collar. There is a brass belt bolster at the left back waist seam. There is a heavy hook and eye at the front waist. The collar and cuffs are faced with red wool. Above the cuff there is are two rows of 1/8" gold lace ornamentation called an Austrian knot. The entire jacket is trimmed with red wool cording. There is a deep pocket in each coattail. The openings to the pockets are bound with red wool. The collar has three bars of 1/4" gold metallic tape on each side. The entire jacket is lined with a brown glazed cotton-wool mix fabric. The lining of the sleeves is cotton twill. The fronts of the jacket have been hand quilted in squares. There is a breast pocket in the front left.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Brigadier General Marcus J. Wright’s Frock Coat

User; associated person:
Wright, Marcus Joseph
Physical Description:
grey (overall color)
wool (overall material)
gold braid (trim material)
buff (edging color)
gold (buttons material)
Measurements:
overall: 40 1/2 in x 17 in; 102.87 cm x 43.18 cm
overall (padded): 38 in x 20 in x 4 in; 96.52 cm x 50.8 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
coat
Associated date:
1861-1865
Subject:
Military Uniforms
Civil War Uniforms
Military
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*34754
Catalog number:
34754
Accession number:
83543
Description:
This is Confederate Army Brigadier General Marcus J. Wright’s double breasted gray wool frock coat. The coat originally had two rows of eight large gilt eagle staff-type buttons down the front, placed in pairs. The bottom pair of buttons on the right side are now missing. Three small buttons are also missing on each cuff, and two buttons are missing on the bottom of each pocket in the rear of the coat. Both sides of the jacket have button holes. There is a hook and eye closure at the collar. The collar and cuffs are faced with buff wool and the cuffs form an inverted "V". There are four rows of elaborate 1/8" gold braided metallic lace, called an Austrian knot, sewed on with a single row of gold thread above the cuff. The gold tape also lines the cuff. The collar has a wreath with three gold stars enclosed and embroidered in gold and silver thread on each side. The center star on each side of the collar is larger than the others. The buttonhole flaps and front of the skirt are piped with blue wool. The coat is fully lined. The button flaps and the inside of the collar are lined with buff wool. The sleeves are fully lined with cotton twill. The rest of the lining is a tan-colored cotton. The chest, shoulder, and underarm are lightly padded and quilted. There is a slit breast pocket on the inside left. There is a deep pocket in each coattail in between the coat and the lining. There are remnants of a loop made of cotton at the inside back collar.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Confederate Army Colonel Robert W. Harper's Frock Coat

Wearer:
Harper, Robert W.
Physical Description:
grey (overall color)
wool (overall material)
gold (buttons material)
gold braid (sleeve braid material)
blue (facings color)
Measurements:
overall: 40 1/2 in x 17 in; 102.87 cm x 43.18 cm
overall (padded): 39 in x 18 in x 3 in; 99.06 cm x 45.72 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
coat
Associated date:
1861-1865
Subject:
Military Uniforms
Civil War Uniforms
Military
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
AF*42577
Catalog number:
42577
Accession number:
163704
Description:
This frock coat was worn by Confederate Army Infantry Colonel Robert W. Harper. Double breasted gray heather wool frock coat with two rows of seven large gilt infantry buttons with the raised letter "I" on the face down the front, two at the back waist, one at the bottom of each pocket opening on the rear skirt, and three smaller general service eagle buttons on each cuff. The bottom right button on the right front row is detached from its location and is tied to the top buttonhole with string. The back of the buttons read, "Halfmann & Taylor Montgomery." Both sides of the breast of the coat have button holes. There is a hook and eye closure at the collar. The collar and cuffs are faced with bright blue wool. The facing on the cuffs forms an inverted "V". Above the cuff there is a triple row of 1/8" gold braided metallic lace, called an Austrian knot, sewed on with a single row of gold thread. The gold tape also lines the cuff. The collar has three large five-point gold stars on each side which are woven onto the collar facing with thick metallic thread. There is a small slit pocket on the right front of the jacket above the waist. The buttonhole flaps and front of the skirt are piped with blue wool. The coat is fully lined. The button flaps and the inside of the collar are lined with blue wool. The sleeves are fully lined with cotton twill. The rest of the lining is a dark brownish green cotton. The chest, shoulder, and underarm are lightly padded and quilted. There is a slit breast pocket on the inside left. There is a deep pocket in each coattail in between the coat and the lining. There is a loop of brownish green cotton at the inside back collar.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War Uniforms
Civil War
Military Uniforms
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver

Licensee:
Colt, Samuel
Maker:
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company
Measurements:
overall: 5 1/4 in x 13 in x 1 3/4 in; 13.335 cm x 33.02 cm x 4.445 cm
overall: 1 3/4 in x 13 1/4 in x 5 3/8 in; 4.445 cm x 33.655 cm x 13.6525 cm
Object Name:
Revolver
revolver, percussion
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Date made:
1861
Subject:
Military
Revolvers
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
ID Number:
1980.0399.0696
Accession number:
1980.0399
Serial number:
103554
Catalog number:
1980.0399.0696
Description:
The Model 1851 Navy was Colt’s most popular percussion revolver. Nearly a quarter million of the iconic .36 caliber six-shot model were produced between 1850 and 1873. The term "Navy" refers to the caliber of the revolver, not necessarily the branch of service. The .44 caliber revolvers are called "Army" and .36 caliber revolvers are called "Navy." The 1851 Navy was used by a number of famous soldiers and lawmen as well as infamous outlaws in American history.
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Civil War
Revolvers
Exhibition:
Places of Invention
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Smithsonian National Quilt Collection: Civil War Sunday School Quilt

Creator:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-06-28T12:34:23.000Z
Topic:
American History
Youtube Category:
Education
Video Title:
Smithsonian National Quilt Collection: Civil War Sunday School Quilt
Description:
Virginia Eisemon discusses the history of a quilt made by a Maine Sunday school class for the benefit of hospitalized Union soldiers. This virtual tour was made possible by a grant from Patty Stonesifer and Michael Kinsley through The Seattle Foundation. The gift was made in honor of Mrs. Frances Quigley. Learn more about the National Quilt Collection: http://americanhistory.si.edu/news/factsheet.cfm?key=30&newskey=1356
Views:
5,275
Video Duration:
2 min 45 sec
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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1860 - 1865 Mary Lord's Civil War Quilt

Maker:
Lord, Mary Alice Hughes
Physical Description:
fabric, silk (overall material)
thread, silk, cotton (overall material)
filling, cotton (overall material)
pieced; embroidered; inscribed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 72 in x 83 in; 183 cm x 210 cm
Object Name:
quilt
Place made:
United States: Tennessee, Nashville
Date made:
1860-1865
Subject:
Quilts
Textiles
Government, Politics, and Reform
Quilting
Credit Line:
Gift of Rose H. and William Craige Lord
ID Number:
TE*T08900
Accession number:
166550
Catalog number:
T08900
Description:
“This quilt was made in Nashville Tenn. I began just before the Civil War, the day Tenn. seceded I stitched the U.S. Flag in the center of the quilt, my father being a loyal man he had to leave home or be forced in the Confederate service, I carried the quilt through the rebel lines to the federal to Cincinnati we remained in Cincinnati until the fall of Fort Donelson then we returned home to Nashville. After the battle of Stone River Gen’l Rosecrans suggested I make an autograph quilt of it & at his headquaters [sic] his was the first name placed in the flag and the second was James A. Garfield and most of his Staff Officers names were placed around the flag. Gen’l Winfield Scott in 1863 at West Point wrote his name. I was visiting my Brother who was a Cadet at the Point. `Then Abraham Lincoln 1863 his son Robert Lincoln in 1881. P.H. Sheridan U.S. Grant Brig Gen’l L. Thomas Adjt Gen’l U.S.A. Maj Gen’l George H. Thomas Benj F Butler Chester A. Arthur. S. H. Wilson. Gen H. W. Blair W. T. Sherman J. St. Clair Morton. Jas McLear Horace Maynard. Col Bowman Supt West Point 1863. Jas S Negley. A McDowell McCook J.A. Garfield Chief of Staff. Jas McKibben. Col Arthur Ducat. C. G. Harker. W.WS. Averill Wm McKinley. Nelson N Miles. Leland Stanford. Theodore Roosevelt. Sen Jos R. Hawley. This quilt was saluted by 20000 troops at the funeral of Pres Lincoln. Hung over the East door of the rotunda when Pres Garfield’s body lay in State, has been hung out at different Inaugurations. It has the line of Gen’ls & Lt Gen’ls. It has other names but these are the most prominent. The different ones that have had charge of it when on exhibition have not been very careful with it. I have never thought of disposing of it, but having lost my home through fire, I wish to rebuld [sic] & this is the only way I can see to raise money. Mary A. Lord.”
Mary Hughes Lord’s undated description of her own quilt.
Among the “prominent” signatures on Mary’s quilt is that of James Morton, who gave her the album in which she kept her photograph as well as those of family and friends, and many of Civil War soldiers. James was killed at the battle of Petersburg, Virginia, on June 17, 1864, but Mary saved his letters and official service documents.
Mary Hughes was born in Nashville in 1848. She was seventeen years old in May 1865 when she married Henry Edward Lord, who had served in Tennessee with the Indiana Volunteers (1861-1864). They lived in his home in Brooklyn, New York, and later in the Washington, D.C., area. Mary died in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1926. Her quilt was never sold, but instead passed to her daughter, who brought it to the Museum in 1943.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Quilts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Zouave Uniform

Measurements:
overall: 18 1/2 in x 21 in; 46.99 cm x 53.34 cm
Object Name:
jacket
Associated place:
United States: New York
Subject:
Clothing & Accessories
Military
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*24954.01
Accession number:
64127
Catalog number:
24954.01
Description:
General History
The uniform of the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry (Duryée's Zouaves), 1861, consisted of a distinctive jacket, vest, sash, baggy trousers, and fez. The Zouave uniform adopted on both sides by many volunteer units during the first year of the Civil War was based on that of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. In their turn, the French Zouaves modeled their uniform and drill after the native dress and fearless tactics of their former Algerian opponents, encountered in the course of the colonial war of the 1830s.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, General
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Sharps Rifle

Licensee:
Sharps, C.
Maker:
Sharps
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 47 in x 2 in; 17.78 cm x 119.38 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
rifle
Place Made:
United States
Subject:
Military
Firearms
ThinkFinity
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*10533
Catalog number:
10533
Accession number:
45676
Description:
Physical Description
United States Sharps rifle Model 1859, .52 caliber.
Specific History
This type of rifle was carried by the 5th New York Zouaves.
General History
The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, "Duryée's Zouaves," was one of the most renowned fighting regiments of the American Civil War. Their colorful Zouave uniforms were based on those of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. Their precise maneuvers, effectiveness in combat, and steady bearing under fire won them universal respect and recognition. "I doubt whether it had an equal," General George Sykes said of the 5th New York, "and certainly no superior among all the regiments of the Army of the Potomac." Many observers considered the 5th New York to be the best-drilled volunteer unit in the federal army.
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
"The Price of Freedom: Americans at War"
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Frank Brownell's Medal of Honor

Recipient:
Brownell, Frank E.
Referenced:
Ellsworth, Elmer E.
Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
silk (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in x 1/2 in; 11.43 cm x 5.715 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
medal of honor
Associated place:
United States: Virginia, Alexandria
Date made:
ca. 1863
Subject:
Military
Medal of Honor
ThinkFinity
Civil War
Event:
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
ID Number:
AF*6955
Accession number:
30411
Catalog number:
6955
Description:
Physical Description
Brass-colored metal on ribbon.
Specific History
Congressional Medal of Honor awarded to Frank E. Brownell, private, Company A, 11th New York Infantry. On May 24, 1861, Brownell killed James W. Jackson, who killed Brownell's commanding officer, Colonel Elmer Ellsworth. Ellsworth was the first Union officer killed in the Civil War. He was shot by Jackson as he lowered a Confederate flag flying from the Marshall House Inn in Alexandria, Virginia. Seconds later, Brownell shot and bayoneted Jackson. Brownell received two Medals of Honor; the first one issued to him was inscribed on the reverse: "The Congress to Sergeant Frank E. Brownell Co. 4 11th New York Volunteers." Brownell was not pleased with the inscription and sent the medal back. He was given a new medal with an inscription he had written himself: "The Congress to Sergt. Frank E. Brownell, 11th N.Y. Vol Inf'y for gallantry in shooting the murderer of Col. Ellsworth at Alexandria, VA, May 24, 1861."
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Merrill Dry Card Azimuth Compass

Maker:
Robert Merrill
Measurements:
overall: 24 cm x 28.7 cm x 28.8 cm; 9 7/16 in x 11 5/16 in x 11 5/16 in
Object Name:
dry card azimuth compass
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Date made:
ca 1860
Subject:
Measuring & Mapping
Civil War
Navigation
ID Number:
1996.0350.01
Accession number:
1996.0350
Catalog number:
1996.0350.01
Description:
This compass may have been used during the Civil War. It has a bright green card, a pair of vertical sights that can be aligned with astronomical (or true) north, and a mechanism that lifts the compass card off the pin. The inscription reads "U.S. NAVY / 21 ROBERT MERRILL / NEW YORK. XXI XXII." Robert Merrill (fl. 1838-1864) was the leading nautical instrument maker in the U.S. during the middle decades of the nineteenth century. The firm became Robert Merrill & Sons in 1865, and continued under similar names until 1923.
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Navigation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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