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Ward, John

Collection Creator:
Arnheim, Rudolf  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 85-87
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978-1987
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic records with no duplicate access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Citation:
Rudolf Arnheim papers, 1919-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Rudolf Arnheim papers
Rudolf Arnheim papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-arnhrudo-ref181

Ward, John

Collection Creator:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art  Search this
Container:
Box 146, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1898
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Carnegie Institute Museum of Art records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-carninst-ref8570

American Academy in Rome records

Creator:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Names:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
American School of Architecture in Rome  Search this
American School of Classical Studies in Rome  Search this
Aldrich, Chester Holmes, 1871-1940  Search this
Boring, William, 1859-1937  Search this
Breck, George, 1863-1920  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Egbert, J. C. (James Chidester), 1859-1948  Search this
Ely, Theo. N.  Search this
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Guernsey, Roscoe  Search this
Hewlett, James Monroe  Search this
Kendall, William M.  Search this
La Farge, C. Grant (Christopher Grant), 1862-1938  Search this
Marquand, Allan, 1853-1924  Search this
McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909  Search this
Mead, William Rutherford, 1846-1928  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Morey, Charles Rufus, 1877-1955  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Pope, John Russell, 1874-1937  Search this
Roberts, Laurance P.  Search this
Smith, James Kellum, 1893-1963  Search this
Stevens, Gorham Phillips, 1876-  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Vitale, Ferrucio, 1875-1933  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
65.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1855-2012
Summary:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.

Items predating the 1894 founding of the American School of Architecture in Rome are personal papers and memorabilia of individuals associated with the institution.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, is composed of the records of the American School of Architecture in Rome, 1894-1898, and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, 1895-1913. Records of the American School of Architecture in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, correspondence, financial records, and printed matter. Among the Managing Committee's records are notes and correspondence relative to the founding of the institution, minute books and reports; also, legal documents including records concerning its dissolution prior to being reorganized as the American Academy in Rome. Correspondence is mostly that of Vice President Charles F. McKim who handled administrative matters. Financial records include capital stock certificates, invoices and receipts. Printed matter consists of scholarship competition announcements.

Records of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, Committee on Fellowships, publications, printed matter, and treasurers' records. The Managing Committee's records consist of the proposed resolution concerning its merger with the American Academy in Rome. Committee on Fellowship records are comprised of correspondence, reports, and fellowship applications. Publications records include correspondence and invoices. Printed matter includes general information, annual reports of the Managing Committee and Director, annual reports of the Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies, fellowship applications and examination questions, and the proposed consolidation agreement. Treasurers' records include the files of Alex. Bell and Willard V. King. Bell's sparse records consist of a budget, receipts for salary payments, an invoice, canceled checks, and correspondence. King's files, while more substantial than those that survive from Bell's tenure, are quite incomplete. They include correspondence, banking records, budgets and financial statements, investment records, invoices, and receipts for salaries and expenses.

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, is comprised of legal documents, minutes, and reports; records of Trustee committees; records of officers; and records of individual Trustees. Legal documents, 1897-1926 and undated, consist of by-laws and amendments, certificate of incorporation, and constitution and amendments. Minutes and reports of the Board of Trustees, 1897-1947 and 1957, including those of its annual meetings, are carbon copies rather than the official minute books, and are incomplete. Reports of officers are incomplete, as well. Also included are reports of Officers'/Trustees' visits to Rome, and reports of the Director and Secretary in Rome submitted to the Board of Trustees.

Records of Trustee committees, 1905-1946 and undated, consist of reports and/or minutes arranged alphabetically by committee; these, too are incomplete, with many committees represented by a single report. Committees represented are: Building Committee, Carter Memorial Committee, Endowment Committee, Executive Committee, Finance Committee, Library Committee, McKim Memorial Committee, Nominating Committee, Committee on Publications. Committee on the School of Classical Studies records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Advisory Council and the Jury on Classical Fellowships. Committee on the School of Classical Studies also include reports of officers and staff of the School of Classical Studies to the Committee on the School of Classical Studies as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Annual Professor, Director of the Summer Session, Professor of Archaeology, Curator of the Museum, Editor, Librarian, and Committee on the Welfare of Women Students. Committee on the School of Fine Arts records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Special Committee on the Plan and Expense of a Department of Music in the School of Fine Arts, and report of Fine Arts Program, Triptych Project with the Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc.; also, reports of officers and staff of the School of Fine Arts to the Committee on the School of Fine Arts as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Associate in Charge, Annual Professor, Professor in Charge of the Department of Musical Composition. In addition, there are minutes and/or reports of the Committee of Twelve and Subcommittee of Five and the Special Committee on Villa Aurelia.

Records of Officers. 1898-1957 and undated, consist mainly of correspondence files and reports, with large numbers of transcriptions and carbon copies. Included are records of: Presidents Charles F. McKim, William R. Mead, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, and James Kellum Smith; Vice Presidents Theodore N. Ely, George B. McClellan, and Henry James; Secretaries H. Siddons Mowbray (Secretary/Treasurer), Frank D. Millet, C. Grant La Farge, William B. Dinsmoor, and H. Richardson Pratt; and Treasurers William R. Mead, William A. Boring, Leon Fraser, and Lindsay Bradford Office files of President Mead, Secretaries Millet and La Farge, and Treasurer Boring are the most complete; files of other individuals, the Vice Presidents in particular, are often quite sparse.

Records of individual Trustees, 1902-1946 and undated, consist of material relating to official Academy business that was created or maintained by each in his capacity as trustee. (Note: many of these individuals also served as officers or staff of the Academy, and their records documenting those functions will be found in the appropriate series.) Included in this subseries are the records of: Chester H. Aldrich, Gilmore D. Clarke, James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, William M. Kendall, C. Grant La Farge, Edward P. Mellon, Charles Dyer Norton, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, Edward K. Rand, John C. Rolfe, James Kellum Smith, S. Breck Trowbridge, Ferruccio Vitale, John Quincy Adams Ward, Andrew F. West, and William L. Westerman. These records tend to be sparse; files maintained by James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, and Ferruccio Vitale are notable exceptions.

Series 3: New York Office Records, consists of records of staff, rosters, printed matter, photographs, personal papers, Association of Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, and miscellaneous records.

Records of staff, 1919-1950 and undated, include the office files of Executive Secretaries Roscoe Guersney, Meriwether Stuart, and Mary T. Williams; Librarian George K. Boyce; and Endowment Fund Campaign Secretaries Phillilps B. Robinson and Edgar I. Williams.

The rosters, 1895-1939 and undated, are printed forms completed by fellows and students, with occasional attachments (usually correspondence or photographs). Included are the rosters of the School of Fine Arts, School of Classical Studies, and School of Classical Studies Summer Sessions.

Printed matter, 1905-[1981?] and undated, has been classified as Academy produced and produced by others. Items produced by the Academy, 1905-[1981?], include general information including act of incorporation and by-laws, fundraising brochure, constitution, Directory of Fellows and Residents, histories of the institution, newsletter of the Director, and printed items relating to special events. Printed matter specifically relating to the School of Classical Studies includes annual announcements, the consolidation agreement, a directory, fellowship announcements and applications, lecture announcements, newsletters, and brochures about summer sessions. School of Fine Arts printed matter includes annual announcements, concert programs, exhibition checklists and catalogs, fellowship announcements and application forms, history, and newsletters.

Printed matter produced by others, 1905-1940 and undated, consists of three scrapbooks of news clippings and photographs compiled by the American Academy in Rome, extensive clipping files, and articles from miscellaneous publications. All of these items are about the American Academy in Rome, or by or about individuals associated with the institution. Also included is a poster for Leave Courses offered at the Academy for U. S. servicemen.

Photographs, 1891-1941 and undated, are organized into the categories of works of art, people, buildings, places, events, and miscellaneous. Works of art are by visiting students and fellows, Frank D. Millet, collaborative problems, Rome Prize Competitions in Architecture, Rome Prize Competitions in Landscape Architecture, and Prix de Rome Competition exhibitions. Photographs of people are both of individuals and groups; among the groups are summer school students and fellowship winners.

Buildings depicted are American Academy properties. Among them are the "New Building," including interior and exterior construction views; studios; and Villas Aurelia, Mirafiore, and Richardson. Also included is a group of photographs of Academy architecture students measuring buildings in Rome and Florence. Places pictured are views of the Academy property and surrounding areas.

Photographs of events include cricket games, Thanksgiving and Fourth of July dinners, Architectural League exhibition, and inauguration of the Manship Fountain. Miscellaneous photographs are of an architectural drawing for a proposed building.

Personal Papers, Memorabilia, and Ephemera, 1855-1923 an undated, were donated to the American Academy in Rome or otherwise left on its premises. None are official records generated by the institution. Included are: Ernest Lewis' photograph album/scrapbook; Allan Marquand's papers; Charles F. McKim's memorabilia, photographs, printed matter, and artifacts; Charles R. Morey's correspondence; and Elihu Vedder's Bible.

Records of the Association of the Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, 1913-1945 and undated), consist of a small number of scattered records including correspondence, fellows' war/government service information (compiled by Sidney Waugh), membership lists, and a newsletter.

Miscellaneous records, 1899-1926 and undated, are writings and architectural records. Writings consist of published and unpublished manuscript material about the American Academy in Rome and its history, and article by H. Siddons Mowbray advising on ornamentation, and text and illustrations for the Art and Archaeology issue on the Academy. Also included are fragments of unidentified letters. Architectural records [oversize] include property and floor plans of Villas Aurora, Chiaraviglio, Ferrari, and Ludovisi.

Series 4: Rome Office Records, consist of records of staff and personal papers. Records of staff, 1903-1947 and undated, include the office files of Directors H. Siddons Mowbray, George Breck, Jesse Benedict Carter, Gorham Phillips Stevens, James Monroe Hewlett, Chester H. Aldrich, Amey Aldrich [Acting Director, very briefly, perhaps unofficially], Charles R. Morey, and Laurance P. Roberts; and records of two members of the School of Fine Arts faculty, Frank P. Fairbanks, Professor of Fine Arts, and Felix Lamond, Professor of Music. Records of Carter, Stevens, Hewlett, and Aldrich appear to be fairly complete; records of early directors are sparse; those of Morey and Roberts appear to be missing significant portions; and those of Professors Fairbanks and Lamond consist of a few scattered items.

Also surviving are the personal papers of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens, 1912-1931 and undated), consisting of correspondence, financial records, and documentation of professional and charitable activities.

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records was received in 2014 and consists of 31.6 linear feet of the New York office's records for officers, directors, and executives.
Arrangement:
It was obvious that before they came to the Archives of American Art the records had been rearranged more than once, and in such a way that materials from many different departments had been intermingled. In keeping with archival theory and practice, the records were organized to reflect the structure and operation of the institution that created the records, making them more understandable and accessible to a wide variety of researchers.

In general, the records of each officer and staff member are arranged alphabetically, with general correspondence preceding the alphabetical sequence; arrangement within each file is chronological, unless noted otherwise.

Records of the American Academy in Rome are organized into five major series. Each series, except series 5, is divided into several subseries, with the arrangement described in detail in the series descriptions.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, 1894-1913 (box 1; 0.88 linear ft.; Reels 5749-5750)

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, 1897-1957, undated (boxes 1-17, 35, 37; 15.25 linear ft.; Reels 5750-5777)

Series 3: New York Office, 1855-circa 1981, undated (boxes 17-32, 36; 15 linear ft.; 5777-5795)

Series 4: Rome Office, 1903-1943, undated (boxes 32-34; 3 linear ft.; 5795-5800)

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records, 1933-2002 (boxes 35-103; 31.6 linear ft.)
Historical Note:
While in Chicago to advise and work on the fine arts section of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, and Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge and Frank Millet, and sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly. From their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school for artists in Europe. Charles F. McKim was especially enthusiastic. He strongly believed that collaborative experience should be available to future American artists, and perceived a real need for an American school in Europe--preferably in Rome, the very best place to study art, in his opinion.

By March of the following year, McKim was busy devising plans for the school and persuading like-minded architects and artists to assist. He proposed to finance the school by convincing institutions with traveling scholarships in the arts to send those students to Rome. Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, and the Rotch Scholarship fund readily agreed to the scheme, and in ensuing years many others followed suit. In October, 1894, the American School of Architecture in Rome opened temporary quarters in the Palazzo Torlonia. The school consisted of its Director, Austin Lord, three fellows, and a visiting student; its "library" contained but one volume.

A move to the larger, more suitable Villa Aurora occurred in July 1895. Rent from two subtenants (the newly established American School of Classical Studies in Rome and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome), along with a personal contribution from McKim, made this financially feasible.

The American School of Architecture in Rome was incorporated in the State of New York, 1895, and 10 shares of capital stock were issued. Despite substantial fundraising efforts in Chicago, New York, and Boston, severe financial problems continued. The American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacated the Villa Aurora in 1896--and with it went a sizeable portion of the School of Architecture's income. McKim frequently made up the deficit from his own pocket.

Eventually, it was decided that the American School of Architecture in Rome must be reorganized along the lines of the French Academy and that national sponsorship needed to be obtained through an act of Congress. In June of 1897, the American School of Architecture in Rome voted to dissolve itself and create the American Academy in Rome. The new institution would assume all assets and obligations, fellowships in painting and architecture were to be added to the program, and its Board of Trustees would include architects and artists. The Academy is not a school. Its fellows and visiting students, already professionally trained, go to Rome for further development and for collaboration and association with others. In the words of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens: "The object of the American Academy in Rome is not to afford opportunities for a few individuals to perfect themselves for the practice of their chosen professions. The ideal is to create an atmosphere in which a limited number of carefully selected artists and scholars may develop that synthesis of intellectual culture which will make them worthy to preserve and continue the great traditions of the past in order that the standard of art and literature may be handed on from year to year, constantly strengthened and improved."

Beginning in 1901, bills to make the American Academy in Rome a "national institution" were introduced in Congress on several occasions. A hearing was finally scheduled in 1905, and a revised bill that prohibited government funding and specified that U.S. officials may not be Trustees was signed into law. Serious efforts to create an Endowment Fund and secure better quarters were associated with the movement to obtain status as a national institution. The Academy was successful in meeting all of these objectives. In 1904, the Academy moved to the Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori), which it soon purchased and renovated. The Endowment Fund raised well over a million dollars. Donors of $100,000 to the Endowment Fund, designated "Founders" of the American Academy in Rome, were: The Carnegie Foundation, Henry C. Frick, Harvard College, Charles F. McKim, J. P. Morgan, Sr., J. P. Morgan, Jr., The Rockefeller Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., William K. Vanderbilt, and Henry Walters. Other categories of donors were "Incorporators" (a new Act of Incorporation was required at the time the American Academy in Rome was chartered as a national institution) and "Life Members."

The American School of Classical Studies in Rome, which had been established by the Archaeological Society in 1895 and during its first year shared the Villa Aurora with the American School of Architecture in Rome, entered into a consolidation agreement with the American Academy in Rome in 1911. Their merger went into effect on the last day of 1912, and ever since, the American Academy in Rome has consisted of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies, administered by a common director. The School of Classical Studies is composed of fellows and visiting scholars who are graduate students, secondary teachers, or professors engaged in research in the areas of archaeology, ancient art, philology, and humanistic studies. Women were a part of the School of Classical Studies from its beginning, but were not permitted to participate in the School of Fine Arts until well after World War II. Beginning in 1923, the School of Classical Studies instituted Summer Sessions which appealed to secondary teachers, and attracted an enrollment that was largely female.

Originally, the School of Fine Arts offered fellowships in architecture, painting, and sculpture. Fellowships in landscape architecture were added in 1915; in 1920, a Department of Music was established, and along with it fellowships in musical composition. Fellowships in art history were established in 1947. Unmarried men under age 30 were eligible to compete for the fine arts fellowships awarded annually (except for landscape architecture, awarded every third year); the duration of fellowships ranged from one to three years at various points in the institution's history. In residence along with fellows of the American Academy in Rome, might be holders of various traveling scholarships: the McKim Fellowship, the Columbia Traveling Scholarship, the Perkins Scholarship, the Robinson Traveling Scholarship (Harvard), the Rotch Scholarship, the Julia Appleton Scholarship, the Traveling Scholarship and Stewardson Memorial Scholarship (University of Pennsylvania), the Cresson Scholarship (Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts), the Drexel Institute Traveling Scholarship, the Lazarus Scholarship (Metropolitan Museum of Art), the Lowell Scholarship (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and the Rinehart Scholarship (Peabody Institute, Baltimore). Visiting students, who remained for a much briefer period than fellows or recipients of various traveling scholarships, were admitted to all lectures and granted use the library, but resided elsewhere. The Academy opened an Atelier in downtown Rome for visiting students in 1927, which operated until financial considerations forced its discontinuation seven years later.

As the merger was being planned, J. P. Morgan, Sr., who was interested in both the American Academy in Rome and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, began buying properties on the Janiculum, adjacent to Villa Aureilia. Villa Aurelia, built on the summit of the Janiculum in 1650, had been bequeathed to the American Academy in Rome in 1909 by Clara Jessup Heyland. Complications surrounding the gift of Villa Aurelia--including the will being contested by Mrs. Heyland's brother, and problems with unsettled tax assessments--were overcome in the interest of acquiring the outstanding building and its extensive grounds. Not long before his death in 1913, Morgan donated his neighboring land, and the American Academy in Rome continued to expand its Janiculum holdings through purchases and gifts from others. Morgan also agreed to provide a loan for construction of a new building. This building, designed by McKim, Mead, and White and known as the Main Building or Academy Building, opened in 1915; it served as the fellows' residence and work area, and included room for the library, offices, and space for exhibitions and other public events.

During World War I, the American Academy in Rome managed to remain open, although no new fellows arrived during the war years and the number of resident fellows and staff dwindled considerably. Most who remained were involved in some type of civilian war work, often with the Red Cross. In fact, Villa Aurelia was rented by the Red Cross in Italy for office space, and the Main Building was offered as a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to that use.

After Italy declared war on the United States in 1941, the American Academy in Rome closed for the remainder of World War II. Those who had been awarded fellowships in classics just prior to the Academy's closing were given the option of using their stipends for study at home or waiting until conditions permitted travel to Rome. A very reduced staff stayed to care for the property and continue library cataloguing, coping with often severe wartime shortages of food and fuel. In addition, there were financial hardships. When bank accounts of enemy aliens were frozen and it was no longer possible to transfer funds from the United States, the Swiss Legation and Vatican arranged for loans to keep the Academy and its staff afloat. Funds that would have been awarded to new fellows during this period were put to use in other ways. In 1943, the American Academy in Rome made a grant to the Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc. for competitions to award commissions to artists and art students throughout the country, funding more than 100 triptychs for chapels, as well as murals, medals, and sculpture. Seniors in American colleges and universities were eligible to compete for several scholarships for graduate work in classical studies awarded by the American Academy in Rome.

In 1945, the Academy was the site of Leave Courses on various aspects of Italian culture offered to servicemen. From the end of the war until the Academy reopened at the start of the 1946/47 academic year, G.I. Fellowships were offered to discharged soldiers wishing to study at the Academy, making the institution eligible to receive surplus equipment and rations. During this time intensive planning was underway for administrative changes and new programs.

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1893 -- While in Chicago to collaborate on the fine arts section for the World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge, and Sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly and from their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school in Europe.

1894 -- American School of Architecture in Rome opened in temporary quarters at the Palazzo Torlonia with Austin Lord, Director, three fellows, and a visiting student.

1895 -- Villa Aurora leased with 2 subtenants, the American School of Classical Studies and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome American School of Architecture incorporated and 10 shares of capital stock issued (2 each to McKim and Hunt, and 1 to Burnham, Kendall, Schermerhorn, Boring, Garland, and Dill) McKim visits Rome.

1896 -- Metropolitan Museum of Art, administrator of Jacob H. Lazarus Scholarship for the study of mural painting, agrees to send the winner to Rome American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacates Villa Aurora.

1897 -- American School of Architecture in Rome dissolved and reorganized as the American Academy in Rome; the assets (including the lease on Villa Aurora) of the American School of Architecture in Rome were transferred and its program expanded to include fellowships in painting and sculpture Samuel A. B. Abbott appointed first Director Rome Prize discontinued (for 9 years) due to lack of funds.

1898 -- Incorporated in New York State; trustees begin to focus on raising an endowment.

1904 -- Move to Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori); occupied until 1914.

1905 -- Chartered by the Congress of the United States; a bill signed by President Roosevelt made the American Academy in Rome a national institution (receiving no government funding and barring U.S. officials from acting as Trustees).

1906 -- Purchase of Villa Mirafiore finalized; renovations begun.

1909 -- Villa Aurelia bequeathed to the Academy by Clara Jessup Heyland (used until 1932); there were protracted problems surrounding the acquisition of the property including a brother who contested the will and unsettled taxes.

1911 -- School of Classical Studies in Rome (established by the Archaeological Institute of America in 1895) and the American Academy in Rome announce their consolidation [the merger became effective on the final day of 1912].

1912 -- Lands on the Janiculum adjacent to Villa Aurelia, recently acquired by J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., transferred to the American Academy in Rome.

1913 -- American Academy in Rome now consists of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies. New York office moves to the Architect's Building, 101 Park Ave., remaining at this location until 1973. By this date, largely through the generosity of J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., nearly all of the land bounded by Via Angelo Masina, Via Giacomo Medici, Via Pietro Riselli, and the Aurelian Wall on the Janiculum had been purchased and many improvements made to the properties near the Villa Aurelia. Construction begins on the new Academy building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and situated on the grounds of Villa Aurelia; financed through a loan from J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr. (after Morgan Sr.'s death, his son offered to cancel the loan at an amount equal to funds raised by the Academy for the purpose).

1915 -- First Fellowship in Landscape Architecture established; opening of new Academy building housing the fellows' residential quarters, work areas, library, offices, and spaces for public programs.

1917 -- Villa Aurelia rented to the Red Cross for office space, and the new Main building was slated to become a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to use.

1919 -- New York office reorganized by Roscoe Guernsey, executive secretary; sale of Villa Mirafiore; Academic Council established in Rome.

1920 -- Department of Music and Fellowship in Musical Composition established.

1923 -- School of Classical Studies establishes summer sessions, largely attended by teachers.

1926 -- Second Fellowship in Landscape Architecture funded by Garden Club of America (later permanently endowed).

1927 -- Academy opens an Atelier in downtown Rome, providing studios for visiting students (operated until 1934).

1929 -- First Thomas Spencer Jerome lecturer appointed.

1941 -- Academy closes for duration of World War II; a skeletal staff remain behind to care for the property and continue library cataloguing; Italy declares war on the United States.

1942 -- After transfer of funds from the U.S. proved impossible and enemy aliens were prohibited from withdrawing their own funds from Italian banks, the Swiss Legation and Vatican offered assistance to the Academy by providing loans.

1943 -- Academy grant to Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc., funded hundreds of triptychs; murals, medals, and sculptures also commissioned Academy awards scholarships in classical studies at American colleges and universities.

1945 -- "Leave courses," held at the Academy, consisting mainly of lectures by distinguished scholars still in Rome, instituted for U.S. servicemen.

1946 -- Regular program resumes at the start of the academic year.

1947 -- Fellowship in the History of Art established.

1965 -- Loan of printed matter for microfilming by the Archives of American Art (reels ITRO 2-3 and 11-13).

1973 -- New York office moves to American Federation of Arts building, 41 East 65th St. (until 1993).

1982 -- Gift of New York office records to the Archives of American Art.

1990 -- Gift of Rome office records to the Archives of American Art.

1993 -- New York office moves to Metropolitan Club, 7 East 60th St.
Related Material:
Papers of a number of former fellows, trustees, and other individuals associated with the American Academy in Rome are among the holdings of the Archives of American Art.

Chaloner Prize Foundation records, 1915-1974 (microfilm reels 5664-5669) were received with the American Academy in Rome records. They have been arranged and described as a separate collection.

Valentine, Lucia and Alan Valentine. The American Academy in Rome, 1894-1969. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels ITRO 2-3, and ITRO 11-13) including annual reports, exhibition catalogues, a history of the American Academy in Rome, the American Academy in Rome at the World's Fair, and the Golden Gate Exposition and newsletter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and can be found at the American Academy in Rome, Italy. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The material on reels ITRO 2-3 and ITRO 11-13 were lent to the Archives of American Art for microfilming by the American Academy in Rome in 1965. Records of predecessor institutions, the Board of Trustees, and the New York office, including photographs and personal papers, were donated in 1982 by the Academy president, Calvin G. Rand. In 1990, Rand also gifted the Rome office records and the personal documents of Gorham Phillips Stevens. An addition of New York office records was donated in 2014 by the Academy director, Adele Chatfield-Taylor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The American Academy in Rome records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Architecture -- Study and teaching  Search this
Architecture, Classical -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art schools -- Italy -- Rome  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
American Academy in Rome records, 1855-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ameracar
See more items in:
American Academy in Rome records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ameracar
Online Media:

Philip Pearlstein papers, circa 1940-2008

Creator:
Pearlstein, Philip, 1924-  Search this
Subject:
Blaine, Michael  Search this
Ward, John  Search this
Kelly, W. J.  Search this
McCarthy, David  Search this
Witkin, Jerome  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Storr, Robert  Search this
Shaman, Sanford Sivitz  Search this
Viola, Jerome  Search this
Downes, Rodney Harry Rackstraw  Search this
Cantor, Dorothy  Search this
Tamburini, Fernando  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Haas, Richard  Search this
Wallin, Leland  Search this
Close, Charles Thomas  Search this
Hampleman, Jean  Search this
Dückers, Alexander  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Field, Richard  Search this
Tsao, Vivian  Search this
Updike, John  Search this
Yezzi, David  Search this
WRFM  Search this
WBAI Radio (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture, Roman  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8182
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210353
AAA_collcode_pearphil
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210353
Online Media:

Albert Rosenthal papers, 1860-1940

Creator:
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Subject:
Palmer, Alexander Mitchell  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Hart, Charles Henry  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert  Search this
Diederich, William Hunt  Search this
Holmes, Oliver Wendell  Search this
Silliman, Benjamin  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Franklin, Benjamin  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
Rosenthal, Max  Search this
Washington, George  Search this
Peters, Harry Twyford  Search this
Houdon, Jean Antoine  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Hartmann, Sadakichi  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard),  Search this
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Topic:
Judges  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8390
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210564
AAA_collcode_rosealbp
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210564

Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Subject:
Palmer, Erastus Dow  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Church, Isabel  Search this
Chapin, E. H. (Edwin Hubbell),  Search this
Stribling, C. K.  Search this
Wickes, E. T.  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
Lang, Louis  Search this
Thompson, Launt  Search this
Booth, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Vaux, Calvert  Search this
Hicks, Thomas  Search this
Anthony, A. V. S. (Andrew Varick Stout),  Search this
Zarnnhus, E. L.  Search this
Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney),  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis  Search this
Shumway, Henry Colton  Search this
Youmans, Kate  Search this
Sawyer, C. M.  Search this
DeForest, H. G.  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters  Search this
Sykes, Charles W.  Search this
Jourmans, E. L.  Search this
McEntee, James S.  Search this
Donoho, J. R.  Search this
Meeks, Louisa B.  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick  Search this
Inness, George  Search this
Boughton, George Henry  Search this
Casilear, John William  Search this
Derrenbacher, John  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson  Search this
Von Glumer, Francisca  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William  Search this
Butler, Benjamin F.  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Baker, George Augustus  Search this
Boardman, Andrew  Search this
Stone, William O. (William Oliver)  Search this
Stoddard, Richard Henry  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Husted, James W.  Search this
Hart, William McDougal  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.)  Search this
Bull Run (Va.), 1st Battle, 1861  Search this
Lake Champlain (N.Y.)  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Lake George (N.Y.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209401
AAA_collcode_mcenjerv
Theme:
Diaries
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209401
Online Media:

Charles R. Lamb scrapbook on the Dewey Arch, 1899-1901

Creator:
Lamb, Charles R. (Charles Rollinson), 1860-1942  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, George  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Monuments  Search this
Dewey Arch (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Triumphal arches  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7833
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210000
AAA_collcode_lambchar
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210000

National Sculpture Society records, 1883-1962

Creator:
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
New York Architectural League  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
New York N.Y.  Search this
War memorials  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9082
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211275
AAA_collcode_natiscul
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211275

William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers, 1821-1901

Creator:
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Godwin, Parke, 1816-1904  Search this
Subject:
Cranch, Christopher Pearse  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William  Search this
Jefferson, Joseph  Search this
Benson, Eugene  Search this
Adams, Herbert  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Hicks, Thomas  Search this
Miller, Charles Henry  Search this
Thompson, Cephas Giovanni  Search this
Dix, Charles Temple  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson)  Search this
Noble, Louis L.  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon  Search this
Bispham, William  Search this
Smillie, James David  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook)  Search this
Laurence, Samuel  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott  Search this
Alexander, John White  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby)  Search this
White, Edwin D.  Search this
Ehninger, John Whetten  Search this
Mayer, Frank Blackwell  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Lippincott, William H. (William Henry),  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
La Farge, John  Search this
Noble, Thomas Satterwhite  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph  Search this
Taylor, Bayard  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison)  Search this
Howland, Alfred Cornelius  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Rowse, Samuel Worcester  Search this
Brown, George Loring  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Brackett, Edward Augustus  Search this
Cozzens, Frederic S. (Frederic Swartwout),  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman  Search this
Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Greenough, Horatio  Search this
Lang, Louis  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
Thompson, Launt  Search this
Rogers, John  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9868
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212369
AAA_collcode_bryawill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212369

Selected art related documents from the Ferdinand Julius Dreer Collection, [ca. 1770-1910]

Creator:
Dreer, Ferdinand J. (Ferdinand Julius), 1812-1902  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10885
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214662
AAA_collcode_dreeferd
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214662

American Academy of Arts and Letters records, 1864-1942

Creator:
American Academy of Arts and Letters  Search this
Subject:
Wood, Charles Erskine Scott  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland  Search this
Vedder, Elihu  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Brush, George de Forest  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Hambidge, Jay Edward  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6959
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209088
AAA_collcode_ameracaa2
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209088

Alfred Williams Anthony papers, [ca. 1880-1930]

Creator:
Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939  Search this
Subject:
Eastlake, Charles Lock  Search this
Dielman, Frederick  Search this
Cole, Thomas  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson)  Search this
Benjamin, S. G. W. (Samuel Greene Wheeler),  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert  Search this
Mills, John Harrison  Search this
Powers, Hiram  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Opper, Frederick Burr  Search this
Sartain, John W.  Search this
Smillie, George Frederick Cumming  Search this
Pyle, Howard  Search this
Brenner, Victor David  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson  Search this
Cole, Timothy  Search this
Linton, W. J. (William James),  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin  Search this
Downing, A. J. (Andrew Jackson),  Search this
Leavitt, Edward C.  Search this
Homer, Winslow  Search this
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Trumbull, John  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Taylor, Bayard  Search this
Low, Will Hicok  Search this
Beard, Daniel Carter  Search this
Isham, Norman Morrison  Search this
Volk, Douglas  Search this
La Farge, John  Search this
Waters, Clara Erskine Clement  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr  Search this
Herbert, Henry William  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Tuckerman, Henry T. (Henry Theodore)  Search this
Nast, Thomas  Search this
Lossing, Benson John  Search this
National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9899
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212402
AAA_collcode_anthalfr
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212402

Paul Wayland Bartlett papers, 1887-1925

Creator:
Bartlett, Paul Wayland, 1865-1925  Search this
Subject:
Elwell, F. Edwin (Frank Edwin),  Search this
Bartlett, Truman Howe  Search this
Pearce, Charles Sprague  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus  Search this
Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William  Search this
Clark, William A. (William Andrews),  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard  Search this
Alexander, John White  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington),  Search this
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
La Farge, John  Search this
Rodin, Auguste  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Hartley, Jonathan Scott  Search this
American Art Association of Paris  Search this
American Club of Paris  Search this
International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers  Search this
Gorham Company (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Exposition universelle de 1889  Search this
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition  Search this
Topic:
Monuments  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6463
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215619
AAA_collcode_bartpaulw
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215619

American Academy in Rome records, 1855- 2012

Creator:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Subject:
Faulkner, Barry  Search this
Kendall, William M.  Search this
Pope, John Russell  Search this
Vedder, Elihu  Search this
Stevens, Gorham Phillips  Search this
Marquand, Allan  Search this
Ely, Theo. N.  Search this
Aldrich, Chester Holmes  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis  Search this
McKim, Charles Follen  Search this
Guernsey, Roscoe  Search this
Hewlett, James Monroe  Search this
Mowbray, Harry Siddons  Search this
Roberts, Laurance P.  Search this
Boring, William  Search this
Platt, Charles A.  Search this
Smith, James Kellum  Search this
Breck, George  Search this
La Farge, C. Grant (Christopher Grant),  Search this
Egbert, J. C. (James Chidester),  Search this
Vitale, Ferrucio  Search this
Morey, Charles Rufus  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Mead, William Rutherford  Search this
American Academy in Rome  Search this
American School of Classical Studies in Rome  Search this
American School of Architecture in Rome  Search this
Topic:
Architecture, Classical  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6320
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)225063
AAA_collcode_ameracar
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_225063
Online Media:

Les Collégiens 1945

Created by:
Harris-Stowe State University, American, founded 1857  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 8 in. (26.7 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
yearbooks
Place depicted:
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1945
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.54.9
Restrictions & Rights:
public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd586bae70b-75d4-411f-bba5-3e3759e9fb34
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.54.9
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Online Media:

An address at the unveiling of the statue of Washington : [sculptor: John Q.A. Ward] upon the spot where he took the oath as first president of the United States. Delivered on the (25th) 26th November, 1883, the one Hundredth anniversary of the evacuation of the city of New York by the British army, by George William Curtis

Author:
Curtis, George William 1824-1892  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George 1732-1799 Inauguration, 1789  Search this
Washington, George 1732-1799 Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Physical description:
35 p. front. (port.) 25 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
New York
Date:
1883
Call number:
CT275.W31 C93
CT275.W31C93
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_110719

Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918

Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Subject:
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle  Search this
Vedder, Elihu  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill  Search this
Audubon, John James  Search this
Peale, Rubens  Search this
Vanderlyn, John  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Smillie, James David  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
West, Benjamin  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Cox, Kenyon  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Autographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5905
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208745
AAA_collcode_hartchar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208745
Online Media:

John H. Hobart Ward

Attribution:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Sitter:
John Henry Hobart Ward, 1823 - 1903  Search this
Medium:
Glass plate collodion negative
Dimensions:
Plate: 8.8 × 6 × 0.3 cm (3 7/16 × 2 3/8 × 1/8")
Type:
Photographic Negative
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1860-1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Belt  Search this
John Henry Hobart Ward: Male  Search this
John Henry Hobart Ward: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number:
NPG.81.M1599
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47b452ca2-9abe-4d26-b336-06923896958d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.M1599

John H. Hobart Ward

Attribution:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Sitter:
John Henry Hobart Ward, 1823 - 1903  Search this
Medium:
Glass plate collodion negative
Dimensions:
Plate: 8.8 × 5.9 × 0.3 cm (3 7/16 × 2 5/16 × 1/8")
Type:
Photographic Negative
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1860-1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Belt  Search this
John Henry Hobart Ward: Male  Search this
John Henry Hobart Ward: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number:
NPG.81.M1600
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43b2f13a0-3279-475f-b04f-ca5ca647e677
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.M1600

William Dean Howells

Artist:
John Quincy Adams Ward, 29 Jun 1830 - 1 May 1910  Search this
Foundry:
Henry Bonnard Bronze Co.  Search this
Sitter:
William Dean Howells, 1 Mar 1837 - 11 May 1920  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
34cm (13 3/8"), Accurate
Type:
Medal
Date:
1898 cast after 1861 original
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Sculpture\Relief\Bas-relief  Search this
William Dean Howells: Male  Search this
William Dean Howells: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
William Dean Howells: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
William Dean Howells: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Consul\US Consul  Search this
William Dean Howells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of Mildred Howells, 1954
Object number:
NPG.65.72
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm466541135-1831-4283-a4a1-687a875c93c9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.65.72

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