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Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection

Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine-Klemm Corp  Search this
Aircraft Development Corporation  Search this
American National Balloon Race  Search this
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company  Search this
International Balloon Race  Search this
United States. National Bureau of Standards. Aeronautical Safety Code Commission  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Extent:
7 Cubic Feet (21 boxes )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Publications
Photographs
Letters
Notebooks
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1968
bulk 1940-1960
Summary:
This collection contains Upson's papers and notebooks. The material consists of notebooks, both general (1911-35) and experimental (1928-68) and reference files on a variety of aeronautical subjects. The collection also contains material from Upson's teaching career, as well as miscellaneous personal documents.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Upson's papers and notebooks. The material consists of notebooks, both general (1911-35) and experimental (1928-68) and reference files on a variety of aeronautical subjects. The collection also contains material from Upson's teaching career, as well as miscellaneous personal documents.

There is approximately seven cubic feet of correspondence, reports, manuscripts, notebooks and various other materials.
Arrangement note:
Contents:

Series 1: Personal and Career

Subseries 1: Personal

Subseries 2: Career

Subseries 3: Education

Subseries 4: Authorship

Subseries 5: Correspondence

Series 2: Notepads and Notebooks

Subseries 1: Notepads and Appointment books

Subseries 2: Notebooks

Series 3: Subject files

Series 4: Miscellaneous
Biographical/Historical note:
Ralph Hazlett Upson (1888-1968) was an aeronautical engineer, inventor and pilot. After graduation from Stevens Institute of Technology (ME 1910) he rocketed to prominence by winning the International Balloon Race (1913) and American National Balloon Race (1913, 1921). He worked as chief engineer of the aeronautical department of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. (1914-1920), during which time he flew the first United States Navy coastal patrol airship on a demonstration flight (1917) and served on the Navy Design Mission to Europe (1918-19). He then moved to the Aircraft Development Corp. (Chief Engineer 1922-27) while serving as chairman of the Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) division of the Aeronautical Safety Code Commission, US Bureau of Standards (1922-24). He went to work for Aeromarine-Klemm Corp. and a number of other companies (1928-42), during which time he designed the first successful metal-clad airship, the ZMC-2 (1929). After a brief tenure at H. J. Heinze Co. (Chief of Aeronautical Engineering (1942-44) he moved into academia at New York University (NYU, Research Specialist and Lecturer 1944-46) and the University of Minnesota (Professor of Aeronautical Engineering 1946-56; Professor Emeritus 1956-1968). Upson then worked for Boeing (Research Specialist 1956-64) and remained an active consultant until his death.
General note:
An artifact from this collection, the Early Bird plaque of Ralph Upson, was transferred to the Aeronautics Division of the National Air and Space Museum.
Provenance:
Francis A. Upson, gift, 1974, XXXX-0177

Curtiss-Wright Corporation
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airships  Search this
ZMC-2  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Publications
Photographs
Letters
Notebooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177
Additional Online Media:

Pilots' Licenses Collection

Names:
Aero Club of America  Search this
National Aeronautic Association (U.S.)  Search this
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Havens, Beckwith.  Search this
Keightley, George M., 1889-1967  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Identity cards
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Included in this collection are the following licenses and identity cards: Laura Bromwell, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 4620; John Milton Bryant, Aero Club of American Aviator no. 208; Frank Coffyn, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 26, National Aeronautic Association (NAA) Helicopter no. 3; Curtis La Q. Day, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 302; Richard Duncan, Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom no. 3702, Air Engineer's Certificate no. 194, and Commerical Air Pilot's Certificate (Flying Machines) no. 165; Lester Gardner, honorary member pilot's card issued by the Ligue Internationale des Aviateurs; G. S. Gillespie, U.S. Navy Naval Aviator no. 32; Beckwith Havens, U.S. Naval Aviator no. 524; Frederick A. Hoover, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 100; George M. Keightley Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) annual sporting licenses, 1928 and 1929; Benjamin Scovill Kelsey, 1940-1941 London driver's license, NAA Aviator no. 6843, US Department of Commerce Transport no. 3200, 1928 NAA Sporting license, U.S. Army Air Corps identification card, Connecticut drivers licenses 1928 and 1929, Connecticut Department of Aviation Aircraft Pilot's licenses 1924-1929, six Instrument Flying certificates (1937-1941), U.S. Department of Commerce Mechanic's license no. 1368; Alfred S. Koch, 1931 NAA Annual Sporting License, Aero Club of America 1918-1919 membership card; Lawrence Leon, Aero Club of America Aviator 589; Grover Loening, NAA Aviator no. 7171, NAA 1929 Annual Sporting License, U.S. Department of Commerce Pilot Identification card (pilot no. 2648), Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) Airman identification card, 1940 Nassau County New York pistol license, U.S. Department of Commerce Certificates with Limitations 1946 (two duplicates) and 1948, Aviation Country Clubs 1929 card, business card and photo; Zenos Ramsey Miller, U.S. Air Service Reserve Military Aviator rating valid for five years starting April 11, 1919; Thomas DeWitt Milling, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 30; Charles L. Morris NAA Airplane Pilot no. 8851; Thea Rasche, NAA 1929 Annual Sporting License; D. deR. M. Scarritt, U.S.Department of Commerce Transport no. 10, Department of Commerce Mechanic's no. 10; Walter J. Shaffer, Sport Aviation Commission of France Aviator no. 17976; Thomas E. Springer, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 509; Norman Sweetser, Aero Club of Italy Aviator no. DCCCXVII (817), Aero Club of Italy Aviator no. 1853; Alexander B. Thaw II, American Expeditionary Force identity card no. 130; Ralph H. Upson, Aero Club of America Dirigible Balloon Pilot license no. 7, Aero Club of America Spherical Balloon Pilot license no. 48; Ralph H. Upson, private pilot's license, license no. 10290; Clifford L. Webster, Aero Club of America Aviator no. 69; Aero Club of America Annual license no. 12 for the year 1925, U.S. Naval Aviator no. 112 1/2; and E. A. Yeager, Aero Club of America Spherical Balloon Pilot no. 82; unused French "Brevet et Licence de Pilote de Ballons Libres;" Raymond Emmanuel Bollack, 1913 FAI pilot license; Roland Rohlfs, Aero Club of America, no. 699, 1930 Air Transport License, and 1928 Pilot's Identification Card; and Paul Robert Gruhler, 1929 engine mechanic license.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Identity cards
Citation:
Pilots' Licenses Collection, Acc. XXXX-0650, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0650
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0650
Additional Online Media:

Wright Brothers Collection

Names:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
See, James Waring, 1850-1920.  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet (1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Sketches
Date:
1909-1945
Summary:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Arrangement:
Correspondence is arranged by recipient, other materials are arranged by topic.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for $30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0376
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sketches
Citation:
Wright Brothers Collection, NASM.XXXX.0376, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0376
See more items in:
Wright Brothers Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0376
Additional Online Media:

Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Series 4
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref17

Personal

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.1
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref18

Career

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref19

Education

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref20

Authorship

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.5
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref21

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.6
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref22

Notepads and Appointment books

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref23

Notebooks

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 1.2
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref24

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 1934 to January 1935
Separated Materials:
[noted inside, "previous book lost"]
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref129

Personal and Career

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
The career and personal life of Ralph H. Upson were so related as to form a harmonic whole, difficult to compartmentalize. An interest in education expressed itself in both employment by universities and volunteer work with primary school students. A lifetime's accumulation of knowledge was channeled into the writing of a substantial collection of articles and reports. Only materials related directly to Upson's career and personal life are included in this series; more general materials concerning projects Upson may have been involved with can be found in Series 3: Subject Files.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Series 1
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref11

Notepads and Notebooks

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
As an inventor and engineer, Upson had a great stake in recording and preserving the origins of his ideas and their development. He kept meticulous notes for nearly his entire adult life. The first subseries found here includes notepads and appointment books, which consist mainly of personal notes and reminders. The notebooks, which make up the second subseries below, contain sketches of possible inventions, equations, calculations and notes.
Separated Materials:
Notebooks # 20, #26, and #28 are missing.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Series 2
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref13

Subject files

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
This series is composed of files maintained by Upson for his own research and the development of projects pursued by him. The researcher especially interested in the inventions of Ralph Upson may wish to consult the files below on metalclad airships, balloons, flight instrumentation and re-entry and recovery.

Where files were found together and labelled by Upson, their integrity has been preserved.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Series 3
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref14

Notebooks

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Note: Notebooks #20, #26 and #28 are missing.

Note: Because of its slightly greater size, Notebook #5 (June 1930 to December 1931) is to be found in Box 21, Folder 1.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0177, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref285

Notepad

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref106

G.B. Race

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref107

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Winter, 1931-1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref108

Detroit

Collection Creator:
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Summer, 1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection, Acc. XXXX-0177, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph Hazlett Upson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0177-ref110

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