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Set of Underwood & Underwood stereographs of Japan, [1860 - ca. 1900]. [graphic]

Collector:
Rosin, Henry D Dr  Search this
Rosin, Nancy  Search this
Creator:
Ricalton, James  Search this
Underwood and Underwood  Search this
Physical description:
Album 4: Set of 99 stereographs in a velvet lined box
Type:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Stereographs
Place:
Japan
Date:
1904
1860 - ca 1900
19th century
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Local number:
R510 through R608 (Rosin Number)
FSA A1999.35 A4
Restrictions & Rights:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
See more items in:
Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan 1860 - ca. 1900
Rosin Collection, Album 4
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_380920

Gloucester Fisherman [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Craske, Leonard 1882-1950  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Commissioned 1923. Dedicated Aug. 23, 1925
Topic:
Figure male--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Industry--Fishing  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Detail  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0000466
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_127175
Additional Online Media:

Battle Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
MacMonnies, Frederick 1863-1937  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Commissioned ca. 1894. Modified May 1896. Dedicated May 31, 1897
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Allegory--Other--Triumph  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0001598
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_128313
Additional Online Media:

Agriculture [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Young, Mahonri Mackintosh 1877-1957  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Agriculture  Search this
Object--Tool  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0002560
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_129277
Additional Online Media:

Agriculture and Industry [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Young, Mahonri Mackintosh 1877-1957  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Agriculture  Search this
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Industry  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0002557
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_129274
Additional Online Media:

Riders of the Elements [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Beach, Chester 1881-1956  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1939
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Transportation  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0000215
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_126919
Additional Online Media:

The Pilgrim Maiden (front view) [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Kitson, Henry Hudson 1863-1947  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Copyrighted 1924
Topic:
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Dress--Historic--Pilgrim Dress  Search this
Object--Written Matter--Book  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0001421
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_128134
Additional Online Media:

George Washington [sculpture] / (photographed by Underwood & Underwood)

Artist:
Brown, Henry Kirke 1814-1886  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910  Search this
Photographic firm:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1853-1856
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Occupation--Political--President  Search this
Occupation--Military--General  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0000335
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_127041
Additional Online Media:

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Publisher:
American Stereoscopic Co.  Search this
H. C. White Co.  Search this
Killela, J.J.  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
Photographer:
Ponting, Herbert George, 1870-1935  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
White, Clarence W.  Search this
Extent:
160 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Stereographs
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Lantern slides
Date:
1895-1921
Scope and Contents:
The major part of the collection, series 1-4, contains nearly 28,000 glass plates, including original stereoscopic negatives, interpositives, and both negative and positive non-stereoscopic plates used to produce lantern slides and paper prints. The photographs were taken all over the world. The majority are from the Underwood & Underwood active files, but plates from other publishers are also included. Series 5 is a small collection of paper stereographs. Series 6 contains 4 Underwood & Underwood descriptive sales catalogs and 1 H. C. White & Co. catalog (numbers on the Underwood plates correspond to the numbers on catalog captions). Series 7 is apparatus--four stereoscopes.

The approximately 28,000 glass plates in this collection have not been completely inspected at this point due to handling problems associated with asbestos contamination of the collection. A preliminary survey, however, indicated that the selections of images cover the full range of subject matter encompassed by the "Underwood Travel System." The subject matter is most easily comprehended by consulting one of the Underwood sales catalogs which accompany the collection. The catalog captions are arranged geographically, for the most part, and generally represent an organized "tour" which could be purchased as a boxed set, complete with maps and guide book, although individual images could be purchased separately. The catalogs indicate that the Underwood files were continually updated, for extensive modifications in some of the sets can be seen from edition to edition, and actual inspection of published stereographs shows that alternate views with identical Underwood catalog numbers were substituted from time to time, and that new subjects (with new catalog numbers) were sometimes introduced into the sets and old subjects were retired. There are glass plate negatives as well as positives in this collection. The positive images were probably interpositives used for the production of duplicate negatives. Some of the original stereo negatives were cut apart and the images transposed; they were then bound with an additional glass support (in many cases the tape has deteriorated). Half stereo positives also appear in the collection: these probably were intended for use in lantern slide production. Frequently a drawer of plates contains several incarnations of a single image, including the original negative, a copy negative, an interpositive, and a positive lantern slide. In other cases a drawer may contain only a single mode, e.g., original negatives, while corresponding positives and/or lantern slides appear in separate drawers.

A small quantity of the Underwood & Underwood plates are not from the Travel System, but represent humorous and genre subjects which were cataloged and marketed separately. The work of several other publishers, usually without Underwood catalog numbers, is also represented, including H. C. White, American Stereoscopic Company, and J. J. Killela.

The arrangement of the collection seems to reflect a combination of permanent reference storage as well as active use files. The apparent anomalies or inconsistencies probably indicate the pulling of plates from permanent files into temporary work files, and the collection may consist of a combination of permanent storage and temporary working files. As the drawers do not appear to have been renumbered according to any easily discernible pattern, they have become intermixed and rearranged in storage. The contents of each drawer usually have been found in good order, however, and the plates were nearly always arranged numerically,usually with the low numbers at the rear of the drawer and the highest number at the front. As the plates have been rehoused, the reverse numerical order has been corrected. when all the plates have been rehoused and inventoried, consideration will be given to general collection rearrangement and renumbering of the containers, either strictly in numerical order or topically and/or geographically with a numerical sequence within each group.

The collection is in good condition for the most part, although conservation attention will be required. There is a certain amount of emulsion peeling or frilling at the edges of some plates, but this is a condition to which emulsions on glass frequently are prone. A few plates, bound in a sandwich arrangement between cover glass and acetate facing the emulsion, have suffered severe damage, peeling, and image losses through the apparent ferrotyping and sticking of emulsion to the plastic, probably under conditions of high humidity at some stage. There is surprisingly little glass breakage within the collection.

Most of the stereoscopic negatives and many of the positives are defaced with a double "XI' scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right side, as described above in the historical note. Of particular interest and presumed rarity are cards found interfiled with plates in many of the drawers. These cards, filed by Underwood Ila(@tive" (i.e., catalog) numbers, bear printing'or production dates and notes, along with the unique, chronological accession numbers which the company assigned to each plate, regardless of the "active" number which it might eventually receive. A check mark on a card usually refers to a plate actually in the collection and with which the card is found physically associated; additional. accession numbers without check marks listed on the cards possibly refer to variant views which were discarded or may in fact be in the Keystone Mast Collection (pending further research). For ease of handling and in the interest of conservation, the cards have been separated from the plates within each drawer and are arranged as a group at the rear, but can still be located easily. Frequently when a plate and/or its original envelope does not bear both the "active" and accession numbers, the missing number can be located on one of these cards.

Photographers represented include Herbert G. Ponting and Clarence W. White. A photographer and/or publisher named J. J. Killela is also represented.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in seven series. Series 1, 2, and 3 are each divided into negative and positive subseries. Plates are arranged numerically in groups based on geographical and subject content. Controlled at the series level in the finding aid and at the item level in a computer database.

Series 1, H. C. White glass plates

Series 2, American Stereoscpopic Co. glass plates

Series 3, Underwood & Underwood glass plates

Series 4, Broken glass plates

Series 5, Original company catalogs

Series 6, Paper stereographs

Series 7, stereoscopes (viewers)
Biographical / Historical:
Underwood & Underwood was established at Ottawa, Kansas, by the young brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood in 1882. They initially operated as distributors for eastern photographers' stereographs to new markets in the West. Their activities included door to door canvassing with views by Charles Bierstadt, J. F. Jarvis, and Littleton View Co.(1) Underwood & Underwood, Publishers, opened a branch office in Baltimore in 1887.(2)

Soon Underwood & Underwood and other large stereograph publishers began recruiting college students to work as salesmen during summer months (1890). Underwood and Underwood claimed that their organization alone sent out as many as 3,000 college students in one Summer [sic]. With the other ... big companies each employing more than 1,000, it is easy to understand how the countryside of the Nation literally swarmed with stereograph salesmen throughout the summer months! ... The competition between the salesmen themselves was likewise aggressive, with no holds barred. Many successful business and professional men of today relate with considerable pride that they got their start on their careers in this practical and very effective school of salesmanship.(3)

The company moved its main office from Ottawa, Kansas to New York City (1891),(4) and gradually began to publish its own stereographs. Bert Underwood finally took photography lessons from M. Abel in Mentone, France during the same year.(5) B. L. Singley, erstwhile salesman for the Underwood & Underwood and James M. Davis & Co. firms, in 1892 formed the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania, which was to become Underwood & Underwood's chief competitor and imitator.(6)

Underwood & Underwood entered the education market (1895) by producing packaged sets of 100 or more stereographs with descriptive texts.(7) From 1897 the firm employed full time staff photographers as well as free lancers. By 1901 the Underwoods were publishing 25,000 stereographs per day (i.e.,total number of cards). Increasing production levels led them to gain control of the Jarvis, Bierstadt, and William H. Rau photoprinting facilities in 1897 1898.(8)

The Keystone view Company created its own Educational Department in 1898. This division sustained the Keystone View Company past the period of the stereograph's popularity. In this year Underwood & Underwood reprinted Oliver Wendell Holmes's series on the stereograph and stereoscope which originally appeared in The Atlantic Monthly between 1859 and 1863. This eighty page booklet included testimonials from eminent scholars on the value of the stereograph in education. The company had been test marketing what itlater called "The Underwood Travel System." This consisted of a boxed set of stereo views of a country or region, a guide book describing the significance of the places shown, and a map showing their location and the viewpoints from which the stereographs were taken. Captions on the backs of the stereographs were sometimes printed in six languages.(9) As stereographs began to be used in schools as visual aids, the firm promoted its Travel System with endorsements from prominent educators, citing the usage of the system by various schools and universities.(10)

The H. C. White Company, which had manufactured stereoscopes for several decades, entered the stereo publication field in 1899.(11) Much of its production seemed to imitate Underwood & Underwood cards, including typography and the color of mount stock. Underwood & Underwood expanded into news photography by 1910 and gradually decreased its stereographic work. Few new stereo negatives were added to the file after 1912 except for a flurry of activity during the early war years, 1914 1916. The total number of Underwood & Underwood "titles" in stereo were from 30,000 to 40,000 (there might be a substantially larger number of actual negatives, since the files frequently were updated with newer views for old catalog numbers).(12)

Underwood & Underwood sold a portion of its negative file to the educational division of Keystone View Company in 1912,(13) and between 1921 1923 conveyed to this competitor their remaining stereo stock (presumably both cards and negatives) and rights.(14) In addition to its involvement as a news photographic agency, the company eventually opened portrait studios which flourished during the World war II years. A former Smithsonian employee, Vince Connolly, worked for Underwood & Underwood, which competed with Harris & Ewing in general portrait work during that period: he did portraiture and other photography, but says he was unaware of his employer's earlier stereo publishing activities.

Underwood & Underwood donated approximately 6000 negatives to the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts (1964). These photographs are primarily 4" x 5", captioned glass plate and film negatives. The subjects are news events and theatrical, sports, and political subjects of the early 20th century. In a letter to the Smithsonian of March 25, 1966 (in accession number 270586), Mrs. John M. Stratton described another collection of Underwood & Underwood photographs, stating that her husband had been a partner in Underwood & Underwood Illustrations and owned Underwood & Underwood News Photos. In November of the same year Mr. and Mrs. Stratton donated this collection of glass plates by Underwood & Underwood and other publishers to the Division of Photographic History (then the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts) . This material consists of both negative and positive stereographic plates, as well as non stereoscopic plates, chiefly copies made from the stereographs, with some catalogs, stereoscopes, and other material. The donor estimated 12,900 plates, but in 1983 the Smithsonian Institution inventory yielded a total of approximately 28,000 plates.

The Keystone View Company's stereoscopic production continued much later than Underwood & Underwood's. It was not until 1939 when declining interest in stereography led the firm to discontinue stereograph production and enter the field of visual optometrics. The stereoscopic negative collection, including material obtained from Underwood & Underwood and other firms, was placed in storage in concrete vaults. The Mast family of Davenport, Iowa, eventually purchased the collection in 1963, and in 1977 donated the collection to the University of California for its California Museum of Photography in Riverside. The University took physical possession of this vast collection in 1979.(15)

Many of the Underwood & Underwood plates donated by the Strattons (which were transferred to the Archives Center in 1983), in effect have been cancelled by having diagonal lines (double "X" marks) scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right image of each stereo pair (never both sides). These cancellation marks do not appear on the Underwood & Underwood plates in the Keystone Mast Collection in Riverside. This leads to several theories: (a) that these cancellations were in fact the reason that the Smithsonian plates were not purchased by Keystone in either 1912 or 1921, since Keystone clearly intended to use the Underwood material for stereograph production and the defaced plates would be of no value to them for this purpose; or (b), as stereo collector John Waldsmith suggests, that the cancellations were part of an agreement between Underwood & Underwood and Keystone: Keystone may have asked Underwood & Underwood to cancel one side of each stereoscopic plate not being sold to Keystone so that Underwood & Underwood would no longer be able to compete with Keystone in the stereo market. The defaced plates, as well as other material which Keystone did not purchase, apparently remained in Underwood custody and eventually were acquired by Mr. and Mrs. Stratton. The cancellation marks in the Smithsonian's collection are the subject of further conjecture. Edward Earle at Riverside feels that, since Underwood & Underwood sought to abandonded stereograph production much earlier than Keystone's departure from the field in order to enter the non stereoscopic lantern slide market, the cancellation may have served to indicate which side of each sterescopic pair should be converted to lantern slide production use; the existence of the 4" x 5" copy negatives and positives from stereographs in this collection seem to corroborate this. The Underwood & Underwood conversion from stereograph to lantern slide materials seems to coincide with the ascendance of lantern slide projection as visual aids in schools. The company apparently modified the type of photographic product which they published at least partially in recognition of this new educational trend.

NOTES

1. edward W. Earle, ed., Points of View: The Stereograph in America A Cultural @ Visual 'g . E!Ltory, Rochester, F.Y., Th Studies Workshop ress, 1979, p. 60; William Culp Darrah, The World of Stereographs, Gettysburg, Pa., 1979, p. 46.

2. Tbid., p. 62.

3. George E. Hamilton, Oliver Wendell Holmes, His Pioneer SLtuereoscope and Later Industry, New York, New )men Society, 1949, p. 17, quoted in Points of 1=e w:, 6 4 . P.

4. Points of View., p. 66.

5. Darrah, p. 47.

6. points of View, p. 66.

7. Ibid., p. 68.

8. Darrah, p. 47.

9. Points of View, p. 70.

10. Howard S. Becker, "Steteographs: Local, National, and International Art Worlds," in Points of View, p. 95. 11. points of View, p. 72.

12. Darrah, p. 48.

13. Darrah, p. 48, quoted in Points of View, P. 82.

14. Darrah, p. 48.

15. Chris J. Kenney, introduction to "Perspective and the Past: The Keystone Mast Collection," CMP Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1982.
Related Materials:
California Museum of Photography, University of California--Riverside, Riverside, California 92521.

Underwood & Underwood stereographs in this collection and the Smithsonian Underwood & Underwood Collection originally were components of the same company file.
Provenance:
Collection donated by June Stratton (Mrs. John M.) on December 19, 1966.
Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Traveling sales personnel  Search this
Travel photography -- 1890-1930  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Interpositives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Stereoscopic photographs -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Lantern slides
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0143
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0143
Additional Online Media:

Underwood & Underwood Agriculture Photonegative Collection

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood Studios  Search this
Underwood & Underwood, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
circa 1930s-1940s
Scope and Contents:
Negatives depict agricultural subjects.,The collection contains 109 4" x 5" glass negatives, 5 5" x 7" glass negatives, 5 5" x 7" film negatives, and 2 6-1/2" x 8-1/2" glass negatives. There are xerographic copies of selected original captions (originals, on enclosures, discarded). Stock file for newspaper and magazine reproduction.
Arrangement:
1 series, arranged by size.
Biographical / Historical:
These negatives are from the Underwood & Underwood Illustrations stock files, 1930s-1940s.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Underwood and Underwood, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Farmers -- 1930-1950  Search this
Agriculture -- Photographs -- 1930-50 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Underwood & Underwood Agriculture Photonegative Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0219
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0219

Gamaliel Street, Cairo, Egypt. Copyright 1896 by Underwood & Underwood. [on envelope] 20816 [Photonegative,] 1896

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3-3/4" x 3-1/2"
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Egypt
Cairo (Egypt)
Gamaliel Street (Cairo, Egypt)
Date:
1896
1900-1910
Topic:
Streets  Search this
Local number:
RSN 16069
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_152604

[Copenhagen's busy Harbor, Denmark. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood.] on negative 23212 Photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3 1/2" x 3 3/4"
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Denmark
Copenhagen (Denmark)
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Docks  Search this
Harbors  Search this
Piers  Search this
Seascapes  Search this
Ships  Search this
Wharves  Search this
Local number:
RSN 16659
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153194

The Ide Fjord, Norway. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. [on negative]. 23452 Photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 7"
Type:
Seascapes
Photographs
Place:
Ide Fjord (Norway)
Norway
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Fjords  Search this
Local number:
RSN 16749
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153284

[Theodore Roosevelt.] "?...Copyright 1903 by Underwood & Underwood." on negative. No. 23559 : stereoscopic photonegative, 1903

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Subject:
Roosevelt, Theodore President 1858-1919  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3-3/4" x 7"
Type:
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
United States
Date:
1903
1900-1910
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Local number:
RSN 16803
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153338

Thun, Switzerland. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. [on negative] 23795 photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Photographer:
Jarvis  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3 3/4" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Switzxerland
Switzerland
Thun
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Rivers  Search this
Local number:
RSN 16904
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153439

[...???...Place, Manila, Philippines. Copyright 1899 by Underwood & Underwood.] on negative 24157 Photonegative 1899

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Photographer:
Ricalton, James  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Philippines
Manila (Philippines)
Date:
1899
1900-1910
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Trees  Search this
Local number:
RSN 17045
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153580

"[?] Duty, Caloocan, Philippine Islands. Copyright 1899 by Underwood & Underwood."] on negative 24206 Photonegative 1899

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Photographer:
Ricalton, James  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Philippines
Caloocan (Philippines)
Date:
1899
1890-1900
1900-1910
Topic:
Military  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
War  Search this
Local number:
RSN 17072
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_153607

-----ne and her beautiful lake, Switzerland. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. 708 Photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
American Stereoscopic Co  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3 3/4" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Switzerland
Lucerne (Switzerland)
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Lakes  Search this
Mountains  Search this
Local number:
RSN 9483
Video number 08763
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_158794

Tomb of Lazarus, Bethany, Palestine. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. 1004 Photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
American Stereoscopic Co  Search this
Subject:
Lazarus (Biblical character)  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 5" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Palestine
Bethany (Palestine)
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Tombs  Search this
Local number:
RSN 9644
Video number 08924
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_158955

Tomb of Lazarus, Bethany, Palestine. Copyright 1897 by Underwood & Underwood. 1004 Photonegative 1897

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
American Stereoscopic Co  Search this
Subject:
Lazarus (Biblical character)  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on glass
1 item, 3 3/4" x 7"
Type:
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Palestine
Bethany (Palestine)
Date:
1897
1890-1900
Topic:
Tombs  Search this
Local number:
RSN 9645
Video number 08925
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection 1895-1921
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_158956

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