This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"SL 15-22, Ikenne, 10/29/73, Mon., Egungun with head and red feather."
Publication title reads, "[Fig.] 13. Onidan Egungun depicting an Osanyin priest. He does ventriloquism with his puppet, an ebony tourist carving. Ikenne, 1973."
"Egungun ancestral masquerades in the Remo town of Ikenne perform the essential function of regulating the relations between the world of the living and the world of the dead. As representatives of the ancestors residing in the spirit world, Egungun masquerades at Ikenne make their appearance in two major contexts: the funeral and the annual Egungun festival. Since I have not witnessed the annual Egungun festival at Ikenne, the typology of Egungun masquerades that follows is based on observing the masquerades in the funerary context only." [Houlberg, Marilyn, 1978: "Egungun Masquerades of the Remo Yoruba." African Arts. 11(3)].
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
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